North Carolina. Dept. of Public Instruction.

Biennial report of the Superintendent of Public Instruction of North Carolina, for the scholastic years ... [serial] (Volume 1900/01-1901/02) online

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Superintendent Toon for his kindness. He was faithful and true to
us, and by his unflagging interest he has shrined his memory in the
grateful remembrance of our school. While we deplore his loss, we
are glad his mantle fell where it did.

Our local Board of Managers exercised a helpful influence, and
spared no pains to make the school a success.

We thank you personally for your interest in our behalf, and for
the prompt and courteous way you have answered our correspond-
ence. We thank also Professor Ducket for favors.

Faithfully yours, J. A. Savage.

Treasurer's Report.

B. W. Ballard, Treasurer, in account with the State Normal School
of Franklinton, N. C, from July 1 1901, to June 30, 1902.


1901. To amount brought from 1901 $325.77

Oct. 7. To warrant from State A ud itor 750. 00

Dec. 4. To warrant from State Auditor 250.00


Feb. 11. To warrant from State Auditor 857.14

Total receipts 2,182.91

Superintendent of Public Instruction. 353

As per account filed with Superintendent of Public Instruc-
tion -. - $2,162.85

By balance on hand - - . 20. 06

Respectfully submitted.

B. W. Ballard, Treasurer.



J, Rumple, Treasurer, in account with the State Normal School, Salis-
bury, N. C, for the year 1901-1902.



June 25 To balance from last year . . f 638. 58

Oct. 21. To warrant from State Auditor 500. 00

Dee. 20. To warrant from State Auditor 500. 00


May 1 . To warrant from State Auditor _ 857. 1 4

Total 2,495.72


By various amounts paid between July 1, 1901, and June
30, 1902, as per vouchers on file in tbe State Superin-
tendent's office $2, 463. 12

Balance on hand June 30, 1902 _ _ . 32. 60

Total 2, 495. 72


Plymouth, N. C, June 20, 1902.
Hon. J. Y. Joyner, Superintendent of Public Instruction, and

To the Local Board of Directors.
Gentlemen: — I beg to submit my second annual report of the
twenty-first session's work of the Plymouth State Normal. I entered
upon my duties as Superintendent with a fixed determination to sue
ceed. The Normals are not local, but State schools, which are to be
the light-houses for the North Carolina negro. A better prepared
class of teachers are being sent out to enlighten the black boys and
girls. I am emphasizing the industrial as well as the intellectual.
Every dress worn at our Commencement was made by the students.
The twenty-first session opened September 2, 1901, and ended June 6.
1902. Enrollment: Washington, 73; Beaufort, 7; Bertie, 14; Chowan.


35-i Biennial Report oe the

1; Dare, 1; Edgecombe, 16; Franklin, 4; Gates, 7; Hertford, 1; Hali-
fax, l) Northampton, 3; Lenoir, 1; Pitt, 2; Martin, 9; Pamlico, 2;
Nash, 1; Hyde, 1; Tyrrell, 2.

The "Model Class" has proven a great benefit in the giving of ex-
cellent opportunity for students to do practice work, thus preparing
teachers for the public schools. The "Model Class" numbered 13;
Summer School, 117. Total enrollment, 192.

As Superintendent, I am pleased to assure you of appreciation evi-
denced by this Normal towards Governor Aycock and the lamented
General Toon, whose efforts were in opposition to the lessening of
facilities for negro education.

I have not accomplished all that I wish in connection with my
work as Superintendent. I visited several counties and assisted in
institute work in the counties of Edgecombe and Nash. I have been
seeking to create a better feeling between the races, as well as mak-
ing friends for the Plymouth State Normal. A loftier-minded class
of students entered the school the session just ended. The estab-
lishing of a dormitory for girls has proven a blessing for the school.
It is to be regretted that we have not the room to accommodate the
ladies attending this Normal.

The visit of Prof. S. L. Sheep was helpful, in that it gave inspira-
tion to the faculty, and strengthened the confidence of the student
body. Your support has been a source of real help and encourage-
ment in placing this Normal in the front rank. Five members of
the fourth-year class applied for diplomas, and passed an approved
examination submitted by the State Board of Examiners.

The words of Professor Sheep, congratulating us for the "good
work done," simply nerves me to go forward in an honest discharge
of any duty that may be imposed upon me.

Respectfully submitted, Chas. M. Eppes.

Graduates for 1901.

Mary M. Webb, Plymouth, N. C; Arthur E. Hudson. Tarboro,
N. C; W. W. Walker, Plymouth, N. C. Each holds a first-grade

Graduates for 1902.

McKoy Lawrence, Leggetts, Edgecombe County, N. C. ; Frank M.
Jones, Plymouth, Washington County, N. C; Milton L. Armistead,
Plymouth, Washington County, N. C; Eugene G. Armistead, Ply-
mouth, Washington County, N. C; Mamie S. Hill, Sunbury, Gates
County, N. C.

Examination was given by Prof. S. L. Sheep, representing the
Board of Examiners. Chas. M. Eppes,


Superintendent of Public Instruction. 355

Treasurer's Report.

W. H. Ward, Treasurer Plymouth Colored Normal School, for year
ending June 30. 1902.



July 26. To balance.. $2.76

Oct. 19. To Auditor's warrant.. 500.00

Nov. 24. To Auditor's warrant 500.00


May 2. To Auditor's warrant 857.14

Total - 1,859.90


By various amounts paid out according to statement ren-
dered §1,826.09

By balance on hand 33.81

Total 1,859.90


Goldsboro, N. C, June 30, 1902.
Honorable Board of Trustees of the Goldsboro State Normal School.

Gentlemen: — I beg to submit to you my annual report for the
school year 1901-1902, session beginning September 2, 1901, and end-
ing May 10, 1902.

We conducted a Summer School for teachers just prior to the
opening of the school year proper. We enrolled 133, two-thirds of
whom were holding certificates from this and other counties in this
State. Fourteen counties were represented. During the regular
school year several applicants were rejected, either on account of
age or literary qualification, either of which is sufficient under the
law governing the schools to debar one from the roll. There were
enrolled during the session 103 students.

In consequence of there being no Senior Class this year we had no

We had three classes only — namely, First Year, Junior and Middle.
A good Senior Class for 1902 and 1903.

The work of the year has been satisfactory to a great degree, and
has been fraught with encouragement.

At no time since the direct supervision of the school has been en-
trusted to our care has there been more interest and zeal manifested
on the part of both teachers and pupils than during the session just

Everyone seems to have caught new inspiration and vied one with
the other in trying to make the year just past the "red-letter" year
in the history of the Normal.

356 Biennial Report of the

The progress of the school along all lines has been fair.

It has been our constant aim to carry out to the letter the plans
and scope of the work laid down by the State Board of Education.

We strive to give the students a thorough and practical knowledge
of all the branches taught in our public schools, including the
science, art and history of education.

We arrange to give pupils practical lessons in primary teaching, as
well as in the higher grades.

We bring the student teacher in immediate contact with the child
to be taught, thus giving the young teacher that experience that sur-
passes all theory — real living experience — a fact to face contact.

Mindful of the great good of industrial training, we organized
during the past school year an industrial art department for girls,
under the instruction of Mrs. H. E. Hagans, who taught this class
for four (4) months gratis, in different kinds of fancy needle work,
etc. The girls took to this work willingly and earnestly. The re-
sults from this department have been very gratifying to all con-

We would recommend that some steps be taken in the near future
to encourage this industrial idea among our boys and girls. It is
very necessary that our boys be taught to work.

Realizing as we do that this institution is fostered and sustained
by the State, the State has a right to expect as the product of the
school good citizenship.

We teach love for truth, love for home, love for parents, love for
country, all of which goes to make up character. The school that
does not grow character is a failure.

The growth of the inner nature — character — is the chief object to
be aimed at in education. The deportment of the students during
the session has been, in the main, excellent.

The influence exerted upon the community by the student body is
very manifest.

The Normal School has wrought a wonderful influence upon the
lives of the colored people of this city and section. We are happy
to say that the school is growing more and more into popularity as
the years come and go. We are hopeful of the future.

I could not conclude this report without acknowledging my sincere
gratitude to you gentlemen, the local Board, under whose wise and
efficient management the school is destined to achieve better results
than ever before, for the counsel given to and the confidence imposed
in me by you.

Humbly submitted, H. E. Hagans,


Superintendent of Public Instruction. 357

Treasurer's Report.
W. T. Hollowell, Treasurer, in account with Colored Normal School.



May 28. Balance on hand §257.53

Oct. 2. By State warrant... 500.00

Dec. 19. By State warrant 500.00


Feb. 11. By State warrant 857.14

Total 2, 1 14. 67


May 10. By amount paid out as per vouchers §2, 114. 67

The undersigned Auditing Committee for the Board of Trustees of
the Colored Normal School at Goldsboro, have examined the accounts
of W. T. Hollowell, Treasurer of said Board, and find same as above
stated and correct.

Goldsboro, N. C, June 30, 1902.


J. W. Gardner,
Auditing Committee.


Fayetteviixe, N. C, July 10, 1902.
Hon. J. Y. Joyner, State Supt. Public Instruction, Raleigh, N. C.

Dear Sir: — I beg, most respectfully, to submit to you the following
brief report of the work accomplished by the State Colored Normal
School, located here, for the school year ending May 20, 1902, closing
May 2D, 1902.

The session was opened on Monday, September 2, 1901, and con-
tinued for a period of thirty-seven weeks.

It is gratifying to state that the session was well attended and
harmonious throughout. The faculty consisted of the Principal and
three assistant instructors.

There were enrolled in the Normal Department during the session
135 students — 55 males and 80 females — from the following fourteen
counties, viz.: Bladen, 7; Brunswick, 1; Cumberland, 90; Granville,
1; Harnett, 5; Johnston, 3; New Hanover, 2; Pender, 3; Richmond,
4; Robeson, 8; Sampson, 3; Scotland, 3; Union, 1; Wayne, 4, repre-
senting forty towns or post-offices.

358 Bienniae Report of the

Of those enrolled, 59 held teachers' certificates, 55 of whom had
taught in the public schools of the State.

The students were classified as follows: A Method or Teachers'
Training Class, a Third-Year Class, a Second and a First-Year Class.

The Method Class was composed of twenty-seven teachers, nineteen
of whom were former graduates of the Normal School here, while
the other eight were from Bennett and Scotia Seminaries, Livingston
College and Biddle University. The work accomplished in this class
was highly satisfactory. The following books were used as reference
on pedagogics: White's "Elements of Pedagogy," Payne's "Lectures
on Education," Baldwin's "Art of School Management," Parker's
"Talks on Teaching," and Page's "Theory and Practice of Teaching."
This class was well attended, especially s'o during the recess of the
district schools.

There were twenty-four students in the Third-Year Class, more
than fifty per cent of whom might have graduated at the closing of
the session but for the addition of another year to the course of
study, which was ordered to be done by the State Board of Ex-
aminers, at a meeting held in Raleigh July 24, 1901. Prior thereto
the course of study comprised three years, now it includes four.
Obeying said order of the State Board of Examiners, we had no
graduates at our last closing.

In the Second-Year Class there were twenty-three students, and in
the First- Year Class sixty-one.

Among the distinguished visitors to the school during the session,
whose presence and addresses encouraged and inspired the faculty
and students, were: Hon. J. Y. Joyner, State Superintendent of
Public Instruction; Hon. J. D. McNeill, Chairman of the local Board
of Managers of the School; Hon. H. L. Cook, Secretary of the local
Board of Managers; Mr. S. H. Strange, Chairman County Board of
Education; Prof. S. D. Cole, Superintendent of Schools of Cumber-
land County; Mrs. S. F. Cochran, of New York; Rev. T. A. Smoot,
Prof. J. R. Hawkins, Prof. A. B. Vincent, Dr. J. A. Whitted, Rev. R. S.
Rives, D.D., Dr. P. N. Melchor and Dr. J. R. A. Crossland, United
States Minister, resident and Consul- General to the Republic of

The steady growth of the school, in numbers, during the past few
years has been such as to render our present quarters and accommo-
dations inadequate to permit us to obtain the best results. But
along with the numerical growth of the school has been also its
growth in the favor of the good people of this community and

Friends, white and colored, in and out of the State, observing the
imperative need of the school, have kindly signified their willingness
to co-operate with the local Board of Managers to supply it; if not
wholly, at least in part.


This kind offer by friends of the school has been accepted by the
Board of Managers, and already, as stated in a former report to your
office, a desirable tract of land, situated in the western suburbs of
the city, has been deeded to the Board of Managers as a gift for the
school. On said site some of the necessary buildings are in course
of erection. Funds, however, at the disposal of the Board, are very
limited, and. consequently, any constructive work in connection with
the school must of necessity go slowly. The Principal of the school
has been authorized by the local Board of Managers to solicit funds
with which to prosecute the work.

When sufficient buildings on the site are completed it is the pur-
pose of the management to make the industrial feature a prominent
and serviceable annex to the school.

In concluding this report, I beg to express sincere gratitude to
you, Mr. Superintendent, for your manifest interest in the Normal
School at this place, and also to make grateful acknowledgement to
you for the educational enthusiasm which is being awakened by you
aud largely under your direction throughout the State. May the
hitherto flickering flames be fanned into one great blaze.

Permit me also to record my sense of gratitude to the local Board
of Managers, under whose very wise and efficient management the
school has steadily improved for the past three years, for their
untiring energy manifested in fostering the success of the school.
Very obediently, E. E. Smith,


Treasubeb's Repob ■ .

H. W. Lilly, Treasurer, in account with State Colored Normal School
at Fayetteville, from July 1, 1901, to June 30, 1902.



May 30 To balance from approved account . §1,194.78

Nov. 29. To Auditor's warrant .. 500.00


April 30. To Auditor's warrant 857.14

May 2. To check from Peabody FlidJ 50. 00

Total 2,601.92


By various amounts paid out. as per statement rendered in

State Superintendent's office $1,859.40

By balance on hand 712. 52

Total 2,601.92

360 Biennial Report of the


Winston-Salem, N. C, July 14, 1902.
Hon. J. Y. Joyner, Supt. of Public Instruction, Raleigh, N. C.

Dear Sir: — I beg herewith to submit my annual report as Principal
of the State Normal School at Winston-Salem, for the scholastic year

I am glad to inform you that this school year has been in every
way a gratifying one. There were enrolled in the Normal and post-
graduate departments 86 pupils — 50 males and 36 females. In addi-
tion to these, there were enrolled in the practice school 152 pupils —
65 males and 87 females; besides, there were also 18 special students
— 8 males and 10 females, making a grand total of 256 pupils coming
under the influence of the school during the scholastic year just
closed. The average attendance was 213.72. It affords me pleasure
to inform you that the work done in the Normal Classes was highly
gratifying. Your humble servant was assisted in this work by
Profs. J. W. Woody, C. G. O'Kelly and Thos. R. Debnam, and Miss
A. F. RufBn; and he takes pleasure in testifying to the zeal, ability
and fidelity of these teachers in their work.

It is doubtless known to you that there are a number of indus-
trial departments connected with the work of the school. All the
normal pupils take also industrial training along some lines. The
boys are given training in agriculture, carpentry, blacksmithing and
wheelwrighting, dairying and brick-making, and the girls are taught
sewing, cooking, laundry work, basketry and general house-keeping.
Besides, there has just been added a new hospital and nurse-training
school for girls.

We find that the taking of this industrial training stimulates in-
terest in the normal and literary work, and we are quite sure that
our graduates will be better teachers and race leaders as a result
of their industrial training. The late Superintendent, General Toon,
on the occasion of his official visit to the school was greatly im-
pressed with the comprehensive training being given by the institu-
tion, and we shall not soon lose the stimulus of his benediction, nor
shall we ever forget his good-heartedness and signal consecration to
the great work of educational betterment in the State.

It is our purpose to have increased dormitory facilities in the near
future. This will be undertaken especially in the interest of the
large number of female applicants who are seeking admission to the
school. Notwithstanding the fact the standard is constantly being
raised in the school, especially the standard as to thoroughness, the
number of applicants for admission is greater every year.

It is plainly apparent that there is here the promise of a large

Superintendent of Public Instruction. 361

and important training institution for colored teachers, and it is sin-
cerely hoped that the encouragement and re-enforcement necessary
will be provided. In this hope we earnestly and sincerely solicit the
sympathy of the Superintendent of Public Instruction, and the State
Board of Education. I am glad to say that it is our effort to pursue
faithfully and earnestly the course prescribed by the State Board of
Examiners. We are much pleased with the action of the Board in
raising the course of study.

In addition to our regular work, we have reached about 100 teach-
ers every summer through our Summer School, hence this Normal is
reaching and helping about 200 teachers every year. Our work is
greatly encouraged from time to time by visits from educators, min-
isters, and other friends. These visits are increasing from year to
year, as the number of our friends, 'we are glad to say, is steadily
increasing both at home and abroad.

We have been hopeful of doing the same work for the colored
teachers of North Carolina that is done at the Hampton Institute for
the colored teachers of Virginia. This we can do, should the interest
and attendance justify it. The colored teachers of the public schools
of Virginia are expected to attend the Hampton Summer Normal, and
the certificate of attendance from that Summer School passes cur-
rent in the State, the Superintendent of Public Instruction being
the chief patron of this Summer School. We shall be glad to place
ourselves in the hands of the Department of Education of our State
for the largest possible service in this direction.

Last year we graduated from the Normal Department the following
persons: Lemuel Banks, Winston-Salem; Mittie Brown, Winston-
Salem; L. V. Brown, Winston-Salem; Walter C. Bryan, Tarboro;
Mary L. Mosely, Madison; Callie C. Hairston, Winston-Salem;
Charles J. Hairston, Winston-Salem; John T. Martin, Winston-Salem;
Grace I. Peters, Raleigh; John A. Rousseau, Wilkesboro, and Jesse
M. Smith, Wilson. These received the regular State Normal diploma.

At the recent Commencement we did not have a class, as the course
of study had been raised one year. The course having been raisett,
the above pupils, notwithstanding the fact that they had already re-
ceived their diplomas, were glad to remain with us anotner year, and
would have been eligible to graduation at the recent Commencement
if they had not already graduated at the previous Commencement
after finishing the old course of study.

It will be gratifying to us, Mr. Superintendent, to have the priv-
ilege of welcoming you here at any time. We will thank you for
visits and criticisms, wishing, as we do, to be of the greatest possible
use to your department in the important work of training teachers
for the public schools of the State.

For financial reports, I beg to refer you to the Secretary and Treas-

362 Biennial Report of the

urer of the local Board of Managers, Mr. Wm. A. Blair, Winston-

Trusting that this communication will suffice to give you the neces-
sary information concerning our work here, I beg to remain,
Your humble and obedient servant, S. G. Atkins,


Treasurer's Report.

Wm. A. Blaik. Secretary and Treasurer, in account with local
Board of Directors, State Normal School, Winston-Salem, N. C, to
June 1, 1902:


To balance on hand June 1, 1901 $78.28

To State appropriation for Normal School 1,857.14

To State appropriation for benefit of the Slater Industrial

School, on condition that it raise a like amount 1,000.00

To Peabody appropriation 700.00

Total $3,635.42


By disbursement as per accounts on file $3,590.00

By balance on hand 45.42

Total $3,635.42

(Signed) Wm. A. Blair,

Secretary and Treasurer.

Superintendent of Public Instruction. 363

Cuilowhee High School (White).

[From report of committee appointed to investigate state Institutions.]

On September 11th we made an official visit and examination of
the Normal Department of the High School at Cuilowhee. Its loca-
tion is in Jackson County, on Cuilowhee Creek, which is a tributary
of Tuckaseegee River. In natural beauty this place equals any we
have ever seen. The character of the population, which is almost
universally of the white race, is such as to present the very best
opportunity for educational development. Indeed, the good use to
which these people have put their very limited advantages, causes
the sure conviction that increase of schools and improvement in
'teachers will produce results which will justify any expense made
to provide them.

The great and pressing need of these people is more numerous
schools and better teachers; a school-house will do no good, if it be
conducted by an untrained teacher. True economy is for the State
to provide the teacher of the very best quality, and for him, by his
county's aid, to provide the school.

This end the State can reach by establishing and maintaining Nor-
mal Schools. The results attending this course in the Cuilowhee
Normal Schools proves beyond all dispute the wisdom and patriotism
of the General Assemblies which have made appropriations therefor.
If any mistake has been made, it is that these appropriations have
been so small. In evidence of which we append the statistics which
we have gathered and carefully verified.

Cost to the State.

The Treasurer's books present the following figures for the past
two years:

Balance cash on hand August 10, 1900 $95.15

State appropriation for fiscal year 1900 2,000.00

State appropriation for fiscal year 1901 2,000.00

Total for which the Treasurer is responsible $4,095.15

The expenditures were:

For salaries of Superintendent two years $1,600.00

For salaries of two assistants two years 2,200.00

For apparatus 10.00

Online LibraryNorth Carolina. Dept. of Public InstructionBiennial report of the Superintendent of Public Instruction of North Carolina, for the scholastic years ... [serial] (Volume 1900/01-1901/02) → online text (page 36 of 46)