North Carolina. Dept. of Public Instruction.

Biennial report of the Superintendent of Public Instruction of North Carolina, for the scholastic years ... [serial] (Volume 1900/01-1901/02) online

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tral point to those living farthest away. If from this information it
develops that the children will not be inconvenienced too much by
consolidation, the Board orders the two districts consolidated.

Some of the patrons become enraged at this course and threaten
not to send to school at all. They have not as yet carried out their
threats.

In all consolidated districts we erect, at the county's expense, a
nice modern school-house with belfry and cloak-room attached. Tlie
house is held out as an inducement to consolidation, and it has
proven a very effectual one.

We have reduced the number of districts from 56 to 47. We hope
■ i reduce the number still further.

Those who enter into the work of consolidation of districts must
be prepared to face a great deal of opposition.

Chas. E. Bogee,

Superintendent.

Raleigh, March 14, 1902.
Mr. S. H. Stbange, Chairman Board of Education of Cumberland Co.,

Fayetteville, X. G.

Dear Sir: — In accordance with your request, I give below in writ-
ing my construction of those sections of the school law in contro-
versy between your Board and the Committee of Cross Creek Town-
ship:

(.1) That under Section 2 of Chapter 543, of the Public Laws of
North Carolina. Cumberland County's part of the first $100,000, ap-
propriated out of the State treasury for the benefit of the public
schools, must be '^credited to the general public school fund of the
county," and apportioned in accordance with the Section 24 of the



374 Biennial .Report oe the

school law which regulates the apportionment of the school fund of
the county.

(2) That under Section 24, after deducting therefrom an amount
sufficient to pay the expenses, as set forth in this section, this school
fund must be apportioned "to the various townships in said county
per capita."

(3) That as the school fund of your county has been apportioned
by your Board of Education under an honest misapprehension of the
law in a manner different from my construction of Section 24 of the
school law, a new apportionment of that fund, in accordance with
the above construction of that section, should be made at once.

(4) That if under this new apportionment any districts in the
county of Cumberland should fail to receive a sufficient amount for a
four-months school, the Board of Education should ask, from the
second $100,000 appropriated by the State for this purpose, for the
amount necessary to bring all such weak districts up to a four-
months school.

(5) That the Board of Education must have the power to decide
whether or not school desks for any district are a necessary expense
for that district, and if they should decide that they are a necessary
expense, they may set aside out of the general fund for necessary
expenses, an amount sufficient to pay for these desks. If, however,
they should decide that the desks are not a necessary expense for
that particular district, they have no right to pay for them out of
this general fund, and the District Committee must pay for them
out of the fund apportioned to the school district. Except by special
agreement with the District Committee, the County Board of Educa-
tion would have no right to order desks and pay for them out of the
funds apportioned to that district. The Board would have a right
to sell any desks that they may have purchased under any misap-
prehension as the title to such desks remains in the Board until
disposed of by the Board.

In conclusion, I desire to express my appreciation of the spirit of
courtesy and fairness in which the hearing of this matter was con-
ducted before me by both sides on Wednesday night, and to assure
you that your entire correspondence and your conversations with me
in regard to this matter, and your conduct during the hearing of the
matter have shown me very clearly that you and your Board acted
in accordance with what you honestly believed to be the law and
your sworn duty under the law. It was an honest difference of
opinion between good citizens as to the construction of the law. 1
sincerely hope and firmly believe that each side will accord to the
other honesty of purpose and sincerity of motive, and that your citi-
zens will accord these to both. I trust that there may be no further



Superintendent oe Public Instruction. 375

difference of opinion as to this matter, and that all the friends of
education in your community may cordially co-operate for the up-
building of the cause of education.

Very truly yours, J- Y. Joyner,

Superintendent of Public Instruction.

August 5, 1902.
Hon. J. Y. Joynek. Supt. Public Instruction, Raleigh, N. G.

Dear Sib,:— I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your

favor containing a copy of the report of , Treasurer of the

County Board of Education of the county of , for the year end-
ing June 30. 1901. My attention is directed to certain commissions
of one-half per cent on receipts appearing in the said report, and my
opinion is asked as to the legality of these items. Accompanying

your enclosure is a letter from in which he contends that

the Treasurer is entitled to these commissions, and rests his opinion
upon Section 770 of The Code. I have read the expressions of' his
views, as contained in his letter, with great care, but 1 am compelled
to differ from him in the conclusion to which he has arrived. The
purpose of the second paragraph of said Section 770 of The Code, as
declared therein, was to provide compensation for the Treasurer in
his capacity as Treasurer of the County Board of Education. The
language is: "The said Treasurer shall receive as compensation,"
etc. Section 18, Chapter 199, Laws of 1889, deals with the same
subject, to-wit, the compensation of the Treasurer of the County
Board of Education, and in said section the following language ap-
pears: "He shall be allowed for compensation as Treasurer of the
school fund, such sum as the Board of Education may allow him, not
to exceed two per centum of his vouchers paid on orders of school
committees."

It would seem that inasmuch as this section deals with the ques-
tion of the compensation of the Treasurer in its entirety, and pro-
vides that "such sum" may be allowed him, not to exceed two per
cent of his vouchers paid on orders of school committees, that any
preceding statute allowing a greater sum would be repealed.

You will observe that that portion of Section 58 of the school law
(Chapter 4, Laws of 1901). relating to the compensation of the
Treasurer, is identical with Section 18, Chapter 199, Laws of 1889.
I am clearly of the opinion that under the law as it now stands the
Treasurer of the school fund can not receive more than two per cent
of his vouchers paid on orders of school committees, and that the
commissions of one-half per cent on receipts appearing in the report

of are erroneous.

Very respectfully, Robert D. Gxlmeb,

Attorney-General.



376 Biennial Report of the

December 4, 1.902.
To County Superintendents.

Please kindly notify me at once if the arrangements for securing
the books on the State list are satisfactory in your county. The law
provides that, "upon demand not less than one or more than six
agencies for the distribution of the books to the patrons shall be
maintained in each county in the State, or that the contractors shall
be permitted to make arrangements with merchants or others for the
handling and distribution of the books," etc. Has a sufficient num-
ber of agencies for the convenient distribution of the books to the
patrons of the public schools been established in your county? If
not, please write me at what points you would recommend their
establishment and the names of reliable dealers whom you can
recommend for handling the books at those points. Please kindly
make any suggestions that occur to you for the more convenient
distribution of these books, and state briefly any difficulties that the
people of your county may have encountered in obtaining the books.
Very truly yours, J. Y. Joyxer,

Superintendent Public Instruction.



Superintendent oe Public Instruction. 3 i 7



Educational and Township Meetings.



The school law requires the County Superintendent to hold teacn-
s' meetings in each township. The reports from these meetings
are very encouraging as to the excellent results. Not only the teach-
ers but the parents and citizens generally attended these meetings.
In many instances they became educational rallies. I think it wise
to continue this law. and believe these rallies are potent of much
good to be accomplished for the cause of education and general im-
provement of the people.

Below is a suggestive programme for township meetings, especially
when the meetings are solely for teachers:

PROGRAMME FOR TOWNSHIP MEETINGS.

1 '.'ourse of Study —

( a ) Relative time and attention that ought to be given to the
essentials, reading, writing, spelling, arithmetic.

(b) When geography, history, civil government, etc.. should be
commenced, and how much time should be given to them.

2. Classification —

(a) How to classify the school so as to get not less than four
recitations a day for each child, without requiring more
recitations for the teacher than would allow at least twenty
minutes for each recitation.

3. Keeping a record of classification, advancement and grading
for the information of the County Superintendent and the
succeeding teacher.

4. Improvement of Attendance* —

(a) What teachers may do to secure co-operation of parents,
awakening an interest in education and get the children into
the school and keep them there.

5. Public Educational Meetings —

(a) How to get parents and committeemen to the school enter-
tainments, addresses, etc.

Besides these township meetings, educational rallies were held in
various counties. The attendance was large and great enthusiasm
was aroused for the cause of the children. The following reports
were sent in by Prof. F. H. Curtis, who made addresses in several
counties:



3TS Biennial Repokt of the

Probably no county in the State is more keenly alive to the situa-
tion, or is taking a deeper interest in the educational movement,
which is taking possession of the entire State, than Randolph
County, and this condition is due, in a very large measure, to the
interest and enthusiasm of County Superintendent Way, who is the
moving spirit in this new educational awakening in his county. It
has been my good fortune to be associated largely with Superintend-
ent Way in his official work during the present summer, and I have
had excellent opportunity of studying the educational work of his
county, and I have been most favorably impressed with what I have
seen and heard.

By special request and invitation I began an educational campaign
tour of the county, under the management of the Southern Educa-
tion Board, Dr. Charles D. Mclver, Field Secretary. Superintendent
Way, with admirable judgment, had arranged to hold township
meetings. There are nineteen townships in the county, and I have
delivered educational addresses in fourteen of these, and shall speak
in the remaining five early in August. Everywhere deep interest
was manifest and large audiences assembled. At Franklinsville
four large cotton mills closed down for the day, and a large crowd of
people, headed by an excellent cornet band, assembled. Active steps
have been taken by the citizens of that place to establish a graded
school, to be supported by local taxation. This movement has been
headed by that whole-souled, progressive and public-spirited gentle-
man, Hugh Parks, Sr. Although Mr. Parks is a very old gentleman
and has neither child nor grandchild to be benefited by a graded
school, nevertheless, he is so public-spirited and so interested in
universal education that he was the very first man to advocate a
local tax, after the meeting was held, notwithstanding the fact that
his own tax will be $400. Already plans have been submitted for a
school building, to cost more than $1,000, which amount, I under-
stand, is to be raised by private contributions. There is no doubt
about Franklinsville's voting a special local tax and establishing a
system of graded schools in the near future.

In Providence Township I was especially impressed with the
earnestness of the people in respect to this matter. Although wheat
harvest was at its height, nevertheless, men left uncut wheat in the
fields to attend the meeting. One farmer said to me: "Nearly
every man here represents an uncut field of wheat, but we value the
education of our children more than we do wheat fields. We may
neglect our wheat, but we must not neglect the education of our
children."

I have been informed since, that the people will vote a local tax
upon themselves for a graded school there.

At Coleridge a most enthusiastic meeting was held on July 1st.



Superintendent oe Public Instruction. -'{79

Fully two thousand people were present and great interest was
manifested. Several prominent speakers from the county were pres-
ent and delivered most excellent addresses.

The public spirit of the Enterprise Manufacturing Company, Jas.
A. Cole, President, was shown in the erection of a magnificent new
steel bridge, which spans Deep River, at Coleridge. The company
contributed $2,000 of the $3,500, which the bridge cost, and the
county paid the remainder. The same public spirit that actuated
this company to build bridges, made the educational rally such a
pronounced success. Great praise is due the Committee of Arrange-
ment, consisting of Messrs. Jas. A. Cole, R. L. Caveniss and H. t\
Brown. At least $150 had been expended by this committee in pre-
paring the grounds, erecting a speaker's stand, tables for the picnic
dinner, and providing seats for the audience.

The music on this occasion cost $30. A conservative estimate
would place the entire cost of the rally at not less than $200, and this
does not include a magnificent dinner spread for two thousand peo-
ple, with provisions enough left for three times that number. It
was a great day and was a fine example of the liberality and enthu-
siasm of the good people of Coleridge. If Randolph County had
more citizens like Messrs. Parks and Cole the development of her
magnificent natural resources would soon be an assured thing.

In filling my fourteen appointments I traveled over nearly the
entire county, and was greatly impressed with the county, agricul-
turally and industrially.

The excellent system of public schools, town and rural, which
seems soon to be established, under the able and progressive super-
vision of Superintendent Way, will be a powerful factor in the future
prosperity of the county.

Superintendent Way is probably the youngest County Superintend-
ent of Public Instruction in the State, and has been serving but a
short time m his present capacity, but he has already made a most
enviable reputation for himself, and is doing much to arouse his
people to activity along educational lines.

An excellent Normal School, continuing for one month, is now in
session at Ashboro. This school is under the management of Super-
intendent Way and Professor Newbold, and is intended especially to
offer a course of instruction to the teachers of the rural schools of
the county. May the good work so auspiciously begun in Randolph
County develop into glorious fruition.



380 Biennial Repobt oe the

One of the largest and most enthusiastic educational gatherings
ever held in this county (Rockingham) was that held at Wentworth
on the 19th inst. The occasion was the close of a two-weeks session
of the county institute for white teachers. This was the fifth con-
secutive institute, conducted by Supt. Frank H. Curtis, of the Bur-
lington Graded Schools, and our teachers unanimously voted that he
return to conduct the institute next year, pronouncing the institute
just closed as decidedly the best one ever held in the county. County
Superintendent Ellington, always on the alert and ever watchful of
the best educational interests of the county, had sent out over three
hundred special invitations to school committeemen and others, re-
questing them to be present.

Extensive preparations had been made for the occasion; a splendid
stand had been erected for the speakers, and comfortable seats had
provided for 2,000 people. A more delightful place for hold-
ing the meeting could not have been had than the beautiful grove,
with its trees of majestic growth, just in the rear of the public
school building. The place itself was an inspiration, being a natural
amphitheater and delightfully shaded.

Two stronger speakers could not have been found in the State than
ex-Gov. T. J. Jarvis and Dr. Charles D. Mclver.

At 10:30 o'clock Superintendent Ellington called the meeting to
order, and. in a brief, but exceedingly appropriate speech, addressed
school committeemen, and gave a short review of the work of the
past year, and outlined the policy for the coming year. His remarks
were well received and were highly complimented by ex-Governor
Jarvis and others.

Hon. Jno. R. Webster, of Reidsville, then introduced, in a brief, but
most ornate manner, the speaker of the morning, ex-Gov. T. J. Jarvis.
For two hours this grand old man, this most gifted and honored of
all North Carolina's most illustrious sons, held the large audience
spell-bound by his matchless eloquence, his oratory and the sound
logic of his most convincing arguments. At times his plea was
pathetic and few could resist it; at times his flight of eloquence was
soul-stirring as he warmed to his subject and pleaded for the educa-
tion of the children of the State. It is to be regretted that his
speech can not be given in full. A synopsis of it, however, would be
an injustice alike to the speaker and his subject. Ex-Governor Jar-
vis came two hundred and fifty miles to address the people of this
county and was compelled to return home by the first train. His
coming will prove of incalculable good and must awaken new zeal in
behalf of better educational advantages and facilities for the chil-
dren. Few of those who heard him will ever forget his closing
thought. It was this: That he was on old man, that his face was
turned toward the setting sun, that never again would he solicit the



Superintendent ot Public Instruction. 381

suffrage of the State for himself, that in all probability he would
never again address a Rockingham audience, that he loved the State
above the power of expression, more than all things else put to-
gether, that it Had honored him more than he deserved, that he
wanted his audience to know that his parting injunction was to
keep their churches and school-houses open. Do this, and the future
will be all glorious — neglect it, and we go back to barbarism, said
the great statesman.

Adjournment for dinner then followed and ample justice was done
a most delightful and bountiful repast prepared by the good ladies
present.

At 2 p. m. Dr. Charles D. Mclver spoke on the consolidation of
rural districts and local taxation. Dr. Mclver is recognized as one
of the greatest educators and speakers of the country. For years he
has been advocating this doctrine and has spoken from hundreds of
platforms in behalf of universal education. He has few equals as a
speaker and never fails to impress his audience with his sincerity,
and he compels people to realize that he believes fully what he says.
Such an address can not fail of doing great good in any community
where it may be delivered. Few men in North Carolina are accom-
plishing for the cause of education what Dr. Mclver is accomplish-
ing. His is a work that does not show in the immediate present the
harvest that it is yielding; only coming years and future generations
will be able to show what such work means.

For nearly two hours the speaker dealt with his subject in a
plain, practical manner and drove conviction home to the hearts and
minds of his hearers. The address was a strong one, and was highly
complimented by many who heard it. It is to be regretted that every
tax-payer of Rockingham could not have been present to hear the
address.

The Third Regiment Band, of Reidsville, added largely to the
enjoyment of the day by its presence and by its sweet music. We
are informed that its services were donated on this occasion. It is
safe to say that it is one of the best bands in the State, and that its
music is much enjoyed and appreciated on all occasions.

To the good people of Wentworth thanks are due for the assistance
they rendered, for their thoughtfulness and for their many acts of
courtesy, which added so greatly to the delights of the day.

The day was one to be long remembered and will go down in the
educational annals of the country as one productive of great good.
Rockingham is the first county in the State to inaugurate this
county educational rally movement, so says Dr. Mclver, and we bid
her God speed in the good work which she has begun.

Frank H. Curtis,
Superintendent of Burlington Graded Schools.



382 Biennial Report of the



Report of Rural Libraries, Value and Number of
Volumes.



Perhaps uo other act of the last Legislature has proved
more popular than the Rural Library Law. The Legislature
limited the number of libraries to six in each county. The
object of this was to distribute as widely as possible the
libraries and the benefits therefrom. If it had not been for
this limit, the stronger and wealthier counties would have
established enough more than six to have exhausted the
entire appropriation long ago. At the time this report is pre-
pared the following counties have not established any rural
libraries, though the school officials have been urged to do so:
Alexander, Camden, Carteret, Clay, Dare, Graham, Jones,
Martin, McDowell and Pender. In the other 87 counties
422 have been established, and no doubt the remaining num-
ber allowed by the appropriation will be taken in a short time.
These libraries average about 80 volumes to the library, mak-
ing in all about 32,640 books, which are being read by thou-
sands of children that heretofore have enjoyed very limited
access to good books. These books cost $12,600.00. In ad-
dition to the libraries established by law, General Carr, in
Durham County, and citizens in other counties, have taken
the place of the State and contributed of their private means
to establish other libraries than those provided by the Rural
Library Law. Durham is at present the only county that has
a library in every school district. I hope that the day is not
far distant when every public school in the State shall have a
library.

ALLEGHANY COUNTY.

Whitehead —

Number of volumes in library, 100; value, $33; number of books
taken out during year, 70; number of months open, 6.



Superintendent of Public Instruction. 383

Laurel Springs —

Number of volumes in library, 100; value, $30; number of books
taken out during year, 60; number of months open, 6.

Carico —

Number of volumes in library, 100; value, $30; number of books
taken out during year, 50; number of months open, 6.
Piney Creek —

Number of volumes in library, 100; value. $30; number of books
taken out during year, 50; number of mouths open, 4.
Antioch —

Number of volmes in library, 100; value, $30: number of months
open. 4.
Sparta —

Number of volumes in library, 100; value, $30; number of months

open, 12.
Our libraries; you see, are just being used this year for the first
time, and it is impossible to make a correct report about them.
Much interest is being manifested in them. We need more.

E. Leff. Wagoner.

BERTIE COUNTY.

Lawrence Cross Roads, Sans Souci, N. C. —

Number of volumes in library, 110; value of books. $30; number
of months open, 2.

Cashoke. Merry Hill, N. C —

Number of volumes in library, 140; value, $30; number of months
open, 2.

Cashie, Woodward, N. C. —

Number of volumes in library, 140; value, $30; number of months
open, 2.
Cooper's, Windsor, N. C—

Number of volumes in library, 140; value, $30; number of months
open, 2.

Cobb's, Askewville, N. C. —

Number of volumes in library, 140; value, $30; number of months
open, 2.

Green's Cross Roads, Windsor —

Number of volumes in library, 140; value, $30; number of months
open, 2.

All these libraries commenced about same time, and duplicate lists
with one exception.

These books have been in use only about two months, May and
June; hence, we suppose hardly necessary as to the number of books



•384 Biennial Report of the

read. They have been much appreciated and enjoyed by a large
number of children in the communities.

R. W. Askew.



Online LibraryNorth Carolina. Dept. of Public InstructionBiennial report of the Superintendent of Public Instruction of North Carolina, for the scholastic years ... [serial] (Volume 1900/01-1901/02) → online text (page 38 of 46)