North Carolina. Dept. of Public Instruction.

Biennial report of the Superintendent of Public Instruction of North Carolina, for the scholastic years ... [serial] (Volume 1900/01-1901/02) online

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with talent for drawing and tool-using, who need only a little instruc-
tion to start them on the road to proficiency and make them useful
teachers and inspirers of others. For such persons is intended this
Summer School of Agriculture, Nature Study and Manual Training.

This school is open to both men and women.

406 Biennial Report of the

Needs of the College.

The immediate urgent needs of the college are as follows:

1. An increase of annual income to enable it to meet its constantly
increasing budget of annual running expense. Tuition being practi-
cally free, large increase of students means large increase of running
expense. Teachers, tools, apparatus, machinery and power essential
for a well-equipped industrial college require a much larger annual
expense than is required for a well-equipped literary college of sim-
ilar grade.

2. An agricultural building and equipment.

3. Two additional dormitories.

4. A central plant for steam heating and power with steam laun-
dry, cold storage and ice plant.

5. A chemical building.

6. An armory and gymnasium.

Geo. T. Winston,



There has been steady and substantial growth in the University
during the last two sessions. The. faculty has grown from 37 to 64
members and the number of students from 512 to 575 for the present
session. The income of the ^University has increased from $50,000 to
$77,000. As to equipment, the following additions and improvements
have been made. The water-work and sewerage system have been
completed, a central heating system installed, a new dormitory built
and a handsome building for lecture rooms erected. Besides this, the
laboratories have been enlarged and new ones added and their equip-
ment improved. These changes have cost over $125,000, the money
coming chiefly from the invested funds of the University and the con-
tributions of the Alumni. The splendid support given the University
by its Alumni is something of which the State should be proud. It
would be but a poor return for such generosity and would show little
gratitude for the State to take the suggestion of one of its committees
and leave all of the University's needs as to equipment "to be sup-
plied from the same source."

As to teaching force, the following departments have been divided
and strengthened. English has been divided into the English Lan-
guage and English Literature. The department now has three pro-
fessors, one instructor and two assistants. Modern Languages have
been divided into Germanic and Romanic Languages and Literature
with two professors and two assistants. Biology has been divided
into Biology (Zoology) and Botany, with two professors, one instruc-
tor and two assistants. The department of Chemistry has three pro-
fessors, one instructor and three assistants. A department of Eco-

Superintendent of Public Instruction. 407

nomics has been created and the department of History strengthened.
The departments of Greek and Latin have also been enlarged, and the
departments of Mathematics and Physics strengthened. The library
force has been increased and many volumes added to the library. The
University of three years ago was badly cramped for room and under-
manned as to teachers. The number of students had outgrown its
capacity to care for them. It was urgently necessary that both equip-
ment and faculty should be largely increased to provide for the stu-
dents who sought instruction in the halls of the University. The in-
creased appropriation of $12,500 by the State and the generosity of
friends have in a measure relieved the strain. Still, much remains
to be done to increase the efficiency of the University.

Among the greatest needs at present may be mentioned a new
chemical laboratory, a fire-proof library to safely care for the books,
which now number over 40,000 volumes, and increased teaching force
along certain lines, which we have been forced to neglect for lack of

The University has always done much for the secondary public
schools, the city graded schools and the higher private schools. Forty
per cent of its graduates and many of the undergraduates have gone
out as teachers, and it has trained in the last twenty years nearly
4,000 teachers in its summer schools. Some teachers nave bee.i sup-
plied to the lower public schools, but more should now be done. It is
necessary that a Normal Department be added, distinctively for pub-
lic school teachers. This is logically a part of the University's work,
but its means and energy have hitherto been taxed to the uttermost
to meet the demand for the higher teachers. It will be most econom-
ical and yield the best results for this work for the primary schools
to be done at the University. To this end an additional appropriation
must be made by the State. I am convinced that it will be money
most wisely expended.

It gives me pleasure to report that preparations are being made for
the coming summer to hold the largest and best summer school ever
held at the University. A large and strong faculty have been en-
gaged, including a number of leaders in the educational world. This
will mean much for all of our teachers.



Report of the Board of Directors.
To His Excellency, Governor Charles B. Aycock.

In compliance with the requirements of the law of North Carolina
creating the State Normal and Industrial College, the Board of Direc-

40S Biennial, Report of the

tors begs to submit submit its biennial report of the operation, prog-
ress and work of this institution for the two years, beginning Sep-
tember 15, 1900, and ending September 15, 1902, being the ninth and
tenth years of the existence of the said institution.


We beg to submit herewith the annual report of Dr. Charles D. Mc-
Iver, the President of the institution, and refer to it for the purpose
of information as to the work of the college during the past two


The President's biennial report includes a history of the institution
for the past ten years. As will be seen from this carefully prepared
history, it has been a decade of struggle, but has also been a decade of
accomplishment. It has been a decade of formative ana constructive
effort; a decade of loyalty to duty by teachers and officers; a decade
of self-sacrificing liberality on the part of the people of the State of
North Carolina, and of generous action on the part of the various
General Assemblies of the State.


We desire to emphasize certain statements and recommendations
made in the President's report. Additional dormitory capacity is im-
peratively necessary, and the reasons therefor fully appear in the
President's report. About two hundred applicants annually are un-
able to gain admittance to the college. This year about eighty of the
students, unable to obtain dormitory accommodations in the college
buildings have been compelled to live in boarding-houses in the city
of Greensboro with all the attendant inconveniences of having to go
to and from the college buildings, and have been deprived of the ben-
eficial influence of the constant care and guidance of the faculty of
the institution and the inspiring influences of the immediate college
surroundings. In the opinion of the Board, it will require at least
twenty-five thousand dollars ($25,000) to furnish the adequate dormi-
tory capacity and the necessary equipment. We sincerely trust that
the General Assembly of North Carolina, at its ensuing session, will
see its way clear to provide the requisite means for the construction
of the needed additional dormitory capacity.


We most cordially endorse the President's statement as to the ne-
cessity of cold-storage facilities, for the reason that great economy in
the purchase and preservation of foods, and especially of meats, would
result therefrom.

■■I ■



Superintendent of Public Instruction. 409


The Board hopes at no distant day to be able to construct a central
heating plant, so that all the buildings of the college may be suffi-
ciently and economically heated.


The Board has under consideration the matter of securing for the
college an adequate, permanent and satisfactory water supply.
Whether this shall be accomplished by co-operating with the city of
Greensboro, or whether the Board shall undertake to furnish its own
water supply from tube or artesian wells, has not yet been determ-
ined. Prom the best information the Board is now in possession of
a water plant costing not exceeding $5,000.00 could be secured that
would furnish the college with a water supply sufficient for all pur-


We take pleasure in stating that the General Education Board has
generously offered to give to the institution twenty-five hundred dol-
lars ($2,500) annually for three years for the purpose of establishing
a Manual Training Department. The expenditure necessary on the
part of the Board in order to establish this department will be ma-
terially diminished thereby, and we have gratefully accepted the offer
of the General Education Board and authorized the establishment of
such a Manual Training Department, to commence work September,


We call special attention to that part of the President's report re-
lating to the "May School." The purpose of the Boara and faculty is
to give, at a small cost to all the women teachers of the public schools
of the State, the benefit of a short course of instruction in subjects,
and in methods of teaching, under the direction of a strong faculty of
teachers and lecturers, and also to give them the opportunity for ob-
serving a Practice and Observation School of three or four hundred
children. We believe that great good will result from the enlarge-
ment of this "May School." At that period of the year most of the
rural public schools are closed, and, if the teachers or these schools
can get the benefit of a month's training, under well-equipped teach-
ers and in well-furnished school-rooms, the result can not be other
than one of great benefit to the teaching force of our State. It is con-
templated to make the necessary expense of attending this school as
small as possible, so that its benefits may be within the reach of
teachers from every section of the State. We commend this especially
to your Excellency, because the desire of the Board is to establish at
the college an influence that will uplift and inspire all the public

410 Biennial Report of the

school teachers of the State and better equip them with teaching
power and helpful information.


We attach hereto the report of Mr. E. J. Forney, Bursar of the col-
lege, and Treasurer of the Board, showing the receipts and disburse-
ments of the college. Our Executive Committee has carefully exam-
ined, investigated, audited and approved this report.


It gives us much pleasure to call the attention of your Excellency
to the high stand taken by teachers prepared at this college, and we
confidently believe that their power for good will increase and become
more and more manifest to the people of the State. One great object
of the institution is to train teachers, born on our soil, who under-
stand our people and are understood by them.


We call your Excellency's attention to the striking fact that within
the past two years the college has received from private sources for
specific purposes, in contributions and good subscriptions, $37,000 —
$10,000 from its students and their friends in the State, and $27,000
from friends of the college outside of the State. Such substantial
evidence of the loyalty and love of its students ana friends at home,
and such recognition from abroad of its work and worth, should be
exceedingly gratifying to all friends of the college.

We are not unmindful of the many needs of the State of North Car-
olina in its many departments of activity, but we nave a deep and
abiding confidence in the wisdom of the General Assembly to provide
the necessary means, and in the patriotism of the people of the State
to sustain the General Assembly in any action that It may take for
the upbuilding and equipment of a great college for the education of
North Carolina women and the training of North Carolina teachers.

Expressing the profound appreciation of the Board of the deep in-
terest your Excellency has manifested in this institution and in all
the educational interests of the State, we are

Your most obedient servants, J. Y. Joyxer,

A. J. Conner, President Board of Directors.

Secretary Board of Directors.

President's Report.
To the Board of Directors.

I have the honor to submit my tenth annual report. It is also my
fifth biennial report. As an introduction to this report and its recom-

Superintendent of Public Instruction. 411

meudations I think it proper to give a brief sketch of the establish-
ment and development of the college.


Ten years ago, on a hill in the western limits of Greensboro, on a
ten-acre lot— the gift of Mr. R. S. Pullen, Mr. R. T. Gray, Mr. E. 1 J .
Wharton, and others— with $30,000 voted unanimously by the far-
sighted citizens of Greensboro to secure the location of tbe institu-
tion, and with an annual appropriation of $10,000 voted by the Gen-
eral Assembly of 1891 to aid in the employment of a faculty, the
State Normal and Industrial College began its work.

In 1886 the North Carolina Teachers' Assembly, then in session at
Black Mountain, passed resolutions asking for the establishment of a
Normal College, and appointed a committee to memorialize the Gen-
eral Assembly. Each succeeding Teachers' Assembly for five years
passed similar "resolutions and appointed similar committees to pre-
sent the question to our law-makers. In his biennial report to the
General Assembly the late Hon. S. M. Finger, then Superintendent of
Public Instruction, urged the importance of establishing the institu-
tion. But it was at the session of 1889 that the question really came
before the General Assembly for serious consideration for the first
time. A committee from the Teachers' Assembly, consisting of
Charles D. Mclver, Chairman; E. G. Harrell, E. P. Moses, E. A. Alder-
man, George T. Winston, D. Matt. Thompson and Mrs. J. A. McDon-
ald, presented in person and urged the adoption of a bill establishing
a training school for teachers, and this bill, in spite of active and in-
tense opposition, passed the Senate by a large majority, and failed in
the House by only a few votes. Had this bill become a law the insti-
tution would be co-educational.

Before the meeting of the next General Assembly, in January, 1891,
Governor Fowle had in his message urged the establishment of the
institution. In the meantime, the King's Daughters had petitioned
the Legislature to establish an industrial school for girls. The
North Carolina Farmers' Alliance in 1890, at its annual meeting, at
Asheville, had passed strong resolutions asking the State to aid in
the higher education of girls and women of the white race as it was
already aiding in the education of white men, negro men, and negro
women. Hon. J. L. M. Curry, agent of the Peabody Fund, appeared
before the General Assembly and made an earnest and powerful plea
for the establishment of a normal college, and through nim the Pea-
body Fund has always given substantial aid to this Institution.

By 1891 the North Carolina Teachers' Assembly had decided that it
was wise to eliminate the co-educational feature, and Instructed its
committee to that effect. This committee suggested the establish-
ment of a normal college with industrial features, whereupon the act

412 Biennial Report of the

establishing the State Normal and Industrial College was passed and
an annual appropriation made for its maintenance.

Board of Directors.

The management of the institution was placed in the hands of a
Board of Directors, consisting of one member from each of the nine
Congressional Districts, the first Board being elected Dy the General
Assembly of 1891. The State Superintendent of Public Instruction is
ex officio an additional member of the Board and its President. The
first Board of Directors, elected by the General Assembly of 1891, was
composed of Hon. S. M. Finger, ex officio President; W. P. Shaw,
Esq., Dr. R. H. Stancell, B. F. Aycock, Esq., Prof. E. McK. Goodwin,
Hugh Chatham. Esq., Supt. M. C. S. Noble, Col. A. C. McAlister, Dr.
J. M. Spainhour and R. D. Gilmer, Esq.

The work of this institution was inaugurated and its general policy
established by this Board, in the membership of which there was
very slight change from 1892 to 1896.

In 1893 Hon. John C. Scarborough became ex officio President of
the Board, displacing Hon. S. M. Finger. Almost immediately Hon.
S. M. Finger again became a member of the Board, representing the
Seventh District, the appointment from which became vacant at the
expiration of Colonel McAlister's term of office. Randolph County
having been changed from the Seventh to the Fourth District, Col-
onel McAlister was not eligible to re-election. Soon thereafter, how-
ever, Supt. E. McK. Goodwin moved from Raleigh to Morganton, and
thus created a vacancy in the Fourth District, whlcn was filled by
placing Colonel McAlister again upon the Board.

These were the only changes in the membership of the Board until
March 1, 1896, when Dr. R. H. Stancell, B. F. Aycock, Esq., and Dr.
J. M. Spainhour were succeeded respectively by Prof. John Graham,
Hon. John E. Fowler and Dr. J. O. Wilcox.

In 1897 Hon. C. H. Mebane became ex officio President of the Board.

In 1898 Colonel McAlister was succeeded by J. A. Blair, Esq., as the
representative of the Fourth District.

In December, 1896, a vacancy in the Seventh District, caused by the
death of Hon. S. M. Finger, was filled by the election of W. D. Tur-
ner, Esq., and a similar vacancy in the Eighth District, caused by the
death of Dr. J. O. Wilcox, was filled by the election of H. G. Chatham,

Since the removal of Supt. M. C. S. Noble from tne Sixth District
the representative from that district has been Mr. J. F. Post, Jr. In
1900 Mr. W. D. Turner was elected Lieutenant-Governor, and Mr. R.
D. Gilmer, Attorney-General of the State, and afterwards Mr. H. G.
Chatham became President of the North Carolina Railway. Out of
respect for the law forbidding men to hold two State offices at one

Superintendent of Public Instruction. 413

time, these three gentlemen resigned from our Board of Directors,
and their places have been filled in accordance with the charter of the
college. Hon. John E. Fowler and Prof. John Graham have been suc-
ceeded by Mr. B. F. Aycock and Mr. Andrew J. Connor.

In 1901 Hon. C. H. Mebane was succeeded by Hon. T. F. Toon as
ex officio President of the Board. Upon the death of the latter, Hon.
J. Y. Joyner succeeded him, and is President of the present Board.

Upon the re-districting of the State, making ten Congressional Dis-
tricts, other changes became necessary, and until the death of Mr.
Blair a few months ago the Board consisted of the following mem-
bers representing the ten new Congressional Districts: W. P. Shaw,
A. J. Connor, B. F. Aycock, R. T. Gray, S. M. Gattis, J. F. Post, J. A.
Blair, J. L. Nelson, C. H. Mebane and J. D. Murphy.

Twenty-five men in all, representing about one-fourth of the coun-
ties of the State, nave served on the Board of Directors of this col-
lege. I think it safe to say that no other twenty-five men have given
a more loyal, effective and unselfish service to North Carolina in any
decade of its history. The Board has been called upon to mourn tne
death of four of its members while in active service — Hon. S. M. Fin-
ger, Dr. J. O. Wilcox, Gen. T. F. Toon and J. A. Blair, Esq. — all good
citizens, and faithful officers, of whom it can be said truly that they
"did the State some service."

In the past year we have lost our Secretary, Dr. J. M. Spainhour.
While not a member of the Board since his first term of office ex-
pired, March 1, 1896, he was until his death, by annual election of the
Board, its Secretary. No Board ever had a more faithful Secretary,
and the State had no more patriotic son.

Db. Spainhour's Unique Service.

In addition to his work as Direceor and as Secretary of the Board,
he has done a service for this college and for the State which calls
for our gratitude and for some memorial of his name in connection
with the college. For nearly ten years he watched the newspapers of
the State and clipped from them everything that he saw, compliment-
ary or otherwise, that related to this college, or to those engaged in
its service. He kept these clippings in eight volumes arranged
chronologically, and thus preserved the history of the institution in
its minutest detail. The eight volumes which he had completed at
the time of his death contain nearly 3,000 clippings, some of them
only a line or two and others filling several columns of a newspaper.

Mrs. Spainhour has kindly given these volumes to the college, and
I have asked a committee of the faculty to continue the collection of
clippings as Dr. Spainhour had begun it.

Every member of the Board has done some service entitling him to
the gratitude of this college, but Dr. Spainhour's unselfish and unique

414 Biennial Report of the

service has not been surpassed and wili not be surpassed by any


In choosing the faculty of the college the Board of Directors has
selected those who, in their judgment, could best carry out its poli-
cies. Neither geographical, nor political, nor denominational influ-
ences have decided its selection of teachers.

The charter faculty of the college numbered twelve, besides the
assistants. Of these twelve, eight — Misses Boddie, Bryant, Fort,
Kirk land and Mendenhall, and Messrs. Forney, Brown and Mclver —
are members of the present faculty. Thiee other members of the
present faculty — Misses Allen, Jamison and Lee — answered to the
first roll call of students in 1892. The college now has a faculty and
executive corps numbering thirty-six. Its teachers have come from
all sections of the country. Four-fifths of them are Southern people,
most of these having received training in both Southern and North-
ern colleges, and more than one-half of them are native North Caro-
linians. It has been a company of j r oung, aggressive workers, repre-
senting in their training several State universities, the leading nor-
mal colleges of the country, and such institutions as Johns Hopkins,
Cornell, Wellesley, Bryn Mawr, Massachusetts Institute of Technol-
ogy, and several European universities.

It would not be permissible for me to say at this time all that
might be said in commendation of the ability and service of those
who are teaching the State's daughters at this seat of learning. One
can not but think highly, however, of the character of those whom
the Board has selected to teach here when it is remembered that this
college has been called upon to give so many members of its faculty
to fill prominent positions in the country. When the University of
North Carolina decided to establish a Chair of Pedagogy a member of
our faculty was chosen to fill the Chair. He soon became President
of the University, and recently resigned that position to become Pres-
ident of Tulane University of Louisiana. A member of our faculty
has been called to Vassar, the oldest endowed college for women in
the country. Another was called to Smith, the largest woman's col-
lege in the world, and another called first to serve as Lady Principal,
has just been installed President of our neighbor, the Greensboro
Female College. Recently, when the Southern Education Board de-
cided to establish a Bureau of Investigation and Publication for the
South our Professor of Pedagogy was called to become the chief of
that Bureau. When our educational Governor was called upon to
select the leader of the public educational forces of North Carolina,
he, too, turned to the State's college for its women and took from us
our Professor of English to become State Superintendent of Public
Instruction. I know of no other college for women in this or in any

Superintendent of Public Instruction. 415

other State that could have had the privilege of losing so many of
its faculty in such an honorable fashion, and the plain meaning
of it all is that the women of North Carolina have had an oppor-
tunity for ten years to come in contact with a live, inspiring corps
of instructors.


As the finances of the institution have justified it the Board of

Online LibraryNorth Carolina. Dept. of Public InstructionBiennial report of the Superintendent of Public Instruction of North Carolina, for the scholastic years ... [serial] (Volume 1900/01-1901/02) → online text (page 41 of 46)