North Carolina. Dept. of Public Instruction.

Biennial report of the Superintendent of Public Instruction of North Carolina, for the scholastic years ... [serial] (Volume 1900/01-1901/02) online

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been taken by Prof. W. C. Smith, who continues to direct the work in
the Department of History, Mrs. W. G. Randall doing a greater part
of the work in that department, and Miss Anna Lewis and Miss Julia
Dameron having been added to the teaching force in the Department
of English.

Need of Additional Dormitory.

Since the organization of the institution in 1892 it has been seri-
ously handicapped in its work by the absence of the proper material
equipment in dormitory, class-room and apparatus. A reasonable ex-
penditure for adequate dormitory capacity and recitation-room, with
25 per cent increase in the teaching force would doubie the value of
the college to the State. Under present conditions it not only can not
supply all the teachers called for, but, for lack of house room alone, it
can not admit all the young women who apply for admission to b«
trained for teaching.

The last General Assembly, finding the college about $25,000 is
debt, largely on account of an epidemic of fever three years ago, and
finding it greatly in need of a Practice and Observation School build-
ing and other improvements, made a special annual appropriation of
§15,000 for four years to pay off its indebtedness and to meet some of
its most urgent needs. With that part of this special appropriation
available we have paid off a considerable portion of our indebtedness
and erected a Practice and Observation School building, known as
the Curry Building. We have also increased slightly our dormitory-
capacity. The balance of the indebtedness and the improvements
already projected will consume all of the special appropriation as it
becomes available. It will not permit us to further enlarge our dor-
mitories, or provide a gymnasium or library, though, by co-operatioa
with the students in the erection of their building, we will increase
to some extent our recitation-room.

I wish to make as emphatic as possible the statement that the most
pressing fundamental need of the college now is the increase of dor-
mitory capacity. We are paying out of our tuition fees this year
$750 rent for houses which we use for dormitories, the students wh#
occupy them taking their meals in the dining-room of the college.
Not only is this true, but about eighty of our students- are now board-
ing in private homes in Greensboro. At least two hundred students
have failed to enter the college this year because they could not
secure board in the dormitories and were unwilling to board in pri-
vate families.

Twenty-five thousand dollars would erect a dormitory building t9
accommodate three or four times as many people as we now have in
our rented dormitories, and more comfortably.

View in Peabodv Park at the State Normal ami Industrial College.

Superintendent of Public Instruction. 425

The people of North Carolina are accustomed to have their sons
board in private families when at college, and, in many cases, even
where there are college dormitories, young men take their meals in
private families. Exactly the opposite custom prevails in boarding
arrangements for their daughters. In every essential respect, whether
from the standpoint of college training or from the standpoint of
discipline, it is much wiser that young women students should be in
the college dormitories than that they should be in the best private
families anywhere.

Cold Storage.

Another pressing need of the college is a cold storage plant. With
320 boarders in the college, even if no dormitory capacity should be
added, the need for this improvement will appeal to any intelligent
mind. The keeping of meats, fruits, milk and butter, and other food
in proper condition is one of the most important considerations, and
purchases could frequently be made at more advantageous prices
were there cold storage facilities. The fact that our charter requires
us to furnish board "at actual cost, not to exceed $8.00 a month," and
the further fact that the price of supplies has increased from twenty
to forty per cent since we began work under that charter, empha-
sizes, if any emphasis be needed, the necessity for a cold storage

Library and Gymnasium.

One of the greatest needs of the college is a gymnasium. The Leg-
islature of 1899 made a small appropriation for this purpose, but, as
explained in our last biennial report, this small amount was used to
defray the immediate expenses caused by the epidemic of typhoid
fever in the fall of 1899. Since that time we have had no gymnasium
at all, the small room used for this purpose theretofore having been
taken for a library. The room is entirely too small for a library or a
gymnasium. No college is well equipped without a good library and
a good gymnasium, and the usefulness of the institution is greatly
curtailed by our inadequate equipment in these particulars.

Manual Training Department.

Every college for the training of teachers ought to nave a well-
equipped manual training department.

Many people can not think accurately or express themselves accu-
rately in oral or written speech, because they have never done any-
thing accurately. Manual training allows a teacher to give instruc-
tion to a student more concretely than does mere literary training.
Frequently a boy or girl who could not be interested in mere book
tasks, and who would, therefore, contract habits of indolence, inac-
curacy and slovenliness of thought and expression, would gradually

426 Biennial. Report oe the

acquire habits of exactness and neatness by working with pencil,
scissors, knives and simple tools for working in wood.

A part of the room on the first floor of the students' building, be-
neath the Society Halls and reception-room, will be used for the
Domestic Science Department. There are two other rooms there
which could be used for the Manual Training Department. The Gen-
eral Education Board has agreed that if this college will undertake
to establish a Manual Training Department it will pay to the support
of the department $2,500 a year for three years, which with $500 or
$750 a year additional would maintain this department, including the
salary of the professor in charge of it. The equipment for such a
department at the beginning would cost about $1,000. Thus, it will
be seen that this department could be established with only a very
slight increase in our annual expenses, and the college will be en-
abled to take a very desirable step forward that would give it
prestige as a trainer of teachers. Comparatively speaking, the ex-
pense for three years, and possibly longer, would be nominal. The
demand for the teaching of manual training as a special department,
or in connection with other school work, has increased daily, and
manual training teachers receive better salaries than are paid to
other teachers. Our schools. in North Carolina have generally found
it necessary to go out of the State for teachers of manual training.

Ax Additional Year to the Course of Study.

Acting upon the suggestion in the Act of the last Legislature, giv-
ing this college the right to confer degrees upon the completion of its
prescribed course of study, and by the authority of the Board of Di-
rectors at a former meeting, the faculty, finding that the require-
ments of our Sophomore year are practically equivalent to the re-
quirements of the Freshman year of the State University, has added
one year to our course of study. Seven of our former graduates, all
of whom except one, who graduated last May, have taught since leav-
ing the college, are now engaged in the work of this added year, be-
ing applicants for the degree of Bachelor of Science or Bachelor of
Arts at the Commencement of 1903.

For the present it seems wise to continue the giving of the diploma
of the college to those who complete the four-year course. Those
holding this diploma, with a certain grade of scholarship, will be ad-
mitted to the fifth year as applicants for the Bachelor's degree.
When the public schools shall have increased in efficiency so that
they can prepare students for our present Sophomore year this col-
lege may consider the question of leaving off the work that is now
done in our Freshman year, and what is now called post-graduate
work with us will be our Senior Class work. It is absolutely neces-
sary, however, that we should always keep in touch with the rural

Superintendent oe Public Instruction. 427

public schools of the State, and for the present we must maintain a
five-year course of study.

This arrangement has increased to some extent the work of several
departments, but the members of the faculty, upon whom the in-
crease of labor falls, have cheerfully consented to do the extra work
for this year, and I doubt not we will be able to meet the require-
ments for the next two years with the aid of a few additional teachers
as assistants.

There are many reasons why this step should have been taken even
earlier than this if it had been practicable to do so. The young
women who have graduated from this college have not been able to
go to the universities and have the same consideration shown them
as was shown to students who have received degrees from colleges
with courses of study not superior to ours. I have no desire to see
this college do university work, but it ought to become the best col-
lege in the world for a North Carolina woman to secure a college
education. If, after securing our Bachelor's degree, she desires to do
university work, let her go to some of the universities offering schol-
arships and fellowships to men and women alike, but which our
young women have been unable to avail themselves of heretofore.

Another Offer of the General Education Board.

In order to make this advanced training possible, as well as to in-
crease the opportunities for young women who are unable to enter
the college without help, and who desire to become capable teachers,
the General Education Board has agreed to duplicate every dollar
that we will raise during the next three years for establishing scliol-
arships and loan funds, provided it shall not be called upon for more
than $2,500 a year as its part of the funds. It is my purpose, through
the Alumna? of the college and through my own efforts to secure
$2,500 a year for the next three years for this purpose, thus securing
a scholarship and loan fund of $15,000.

The graduates of this college number about 250. If each will
secure a subscriber of $10.00 a year for the next three years, the
$15,000 will be raised. I trust that the Board of Directors and all
the friends of the college will help the Alumnae to secure these sub-
scriptions. This $15,000, while it would not increase the revenues of
the college, would make it possible for many ambitious young women
to enter the institution who have never been able to do so for lack of
means, and it would enable the brightest of those who, after a hard
struggle, shall have completed the four-year course to return to the
college and earn their degrees, thus preparing themselves for higher

The two offers of the General Education Board are to give within
three years $7,500 unconditionally to aid in maintaining a Manual

428 Biennial Repoet of the

Training Department, and $7,500 for scholarships and loans, condi-
tioned upon our raising a similar amount. I feel sure that the Board
of Directors and the people of the State, who have established and
fostered this college for the education of those who are to educate its
children, will show cordial and clue appreciation of these donations.

The May School.

Realizing that the demand in this State for teachers with some
professional training was increasing, and realizing also that there
was little corresponding increase in the length of the school term, or
the compensation offered for teachers, an experiment was made last
spring with the purpose of providing at the smallest possible cost a
brief course of professional training for those women now engaged
in teaching who can not attend any college for a full year. Most of
the public schools close before our May School begins. Thirty teach-
ers of the rural public schools matriculated last year and received
instruction under the direction of the Professor of Pedagogy and
others, with the opportunity of daily observation in the Practice and
Observation School. So satisfactory were the results of this experi-
ment that I wish to enlarge the opportunities and largely increase
the attendance of public school teachers next spring. The teachers
who would attend this May School"are older than the regular stu-
dents of the college, and there would not be so mucn objection to
their boarding in private families in the city for the few weeks they
are here. The matriculation fee is five dollars, the usual matricula-
tion fee for summer schools. I hope to be able to secure the usual
summer school railroad rate of one fare for the round trip.

Many County Superintendents have indicated to me that they
would like for their teachers to attend this May School, but with the
small compensation allowed for teachers it is impossible for them to
pay much railroad fare, and those at a distance claim that they are
at a disadvantage as compared with the teachers living near Greens-

In order to meet this objection, I suggest that we agree to refund
to teachers all of their railroad fare above two or three dollars, thus
placing all of the public school teachers on an equal footing, so far as
the advantages of this school are concerned. Indeed, those who
come the longer distance, in that case, would have the advantage be-
cause of the travel, which is a good means of education, and, when
teachers can afford it, is worth all that a railroad ticket costs. 1
know of no way by which a person who has not traveled very much
could secure for three dollars so much education as by traveling one
hundred miles on a railroad.

An inquiry suggests itself as to where we could get the money to
refund the railroad fare. I believe that the five-dollar matriculation
fees will furnish enough money to do this. If we secure the railroad

Superintendent of Public Instruction. 429

rates, we would not be required to refund anything to those teachers
who live within sixty miles of Greensboro. We would refund only
about two dollars to each of those who come from the Goldsboro,
Wilson and Rocky Mount section, and only about four dollars to peo-
ple who come from the Asheville section. I see no reason why we
should not have here in the month of May 150 or 200 teachers at
practically no cost to them except their actual living expenses.

It would probably become necessary for the Board to make a small
appropriation to employ one or two additional lecturers during the
term, but a large part of the work for the first year can be done by
the Department of Pedagogy and the assistance that would" be gladly
rendered by other members of the faculty and by Superintendents of
Schools in the State, who, for the first year, would probably give
their services for a week if their actual expenses were paid, provided
there are no funds to make proper compensation for the additional

If the Board will consent to this extension of the experiment so
successfully made last year, I believe that one of the perplexing prob-
lems of teacher-training in North Carolina can be solved. Teachers
in schools lasting only four or five months can not afford to spend a
great deal of money for better preparation for that work. The ad-
vantage of having the school in the spring rather than in the sum-
mer is, that no summer school could have such good opportunities for
observation as we have in our Practice and Observation School and
in the five or six other public schools in and around Greensboro.

The four-month public schools in the country can not expect to
employ Normal graduates of this or any other college so long as
these graduates are offered positions in schools where the term is
nine or ten months.

If the State has people engaged in teaching its children who are
willing to spend annually $20 or $25 of their small earnings to better
fit themselves for their work, it can well afford to furnish free in-
struction to these teachers. On the other hand, if this college should
make the proposition to the public school teachers of the State and
they should fail to attend, it would prove conclusively that it is not
distance from the college or lack of opportunity for professional
training that prevents it.

I should hope to have the help of the Agricultural Department of
the State in this special school. Indeed, I think that when we are
trying to introduce the teaching of agriculture into the public schools
of the State, it would be a wise step in that direction to have a
teacher of agriculture at this college for at least a part of every year.

Private Donations to the College.

The State Normal and Industrial College with all of its grounds,
buildings and equipment is the property of the people of North Caro-

430 Biennial Report of the

lina, and while the State has not invested in its plant all that many
of us who had great faith in its possibilities for usefulness desired,
yet it has in numerous ways shown a very cordial appreciation of the
college, and an exceedingly generous spirit towards those who have
worked for its development. I wish that the State could see its way
clear to show greater liberality for the immediate enlargement and
strengthening of the Institution. Women ought not to be turned
away from its doors for lack of living room. The college is not an
experiment. In North Carolina and beyond the borders of the State
it is recognized as a great educational force. Not only has North
Carolina secured by it the services of many trained teachers, but the
present property is worth much more than the State has invested in
its plant and equipment.

Private Donations to the State.

It is not out of place to call attention here to the private donations
to the college during the past ten years.

In college property:

From Greensboro, cash $30,000.00

From Greensboro, land worth 10,000.00

From faculty, students and their friends, for students'

building 10,000.00

From Mr. George Foster Peabody 11,000.00

From Mr. and Mrs. T. B. Bailey 1,500.00


This $62,500.00 is a contribution to the State's property and does
not include any of the aid from the Peabody Fund or the General
Education Board for maintenance, or the General Education Board's
subscription, and the other donations to loan funds referred to else-
where in this report.

The total college property is worth about $180,000. The above
figures show that one-third of it has come from private donations. I
believe that the more liberal the policy of the State towards this
college, the more it will receive from its friends in North Carolina
and elsewhere. The college can not expect large donations from its
Alumna?, as a very large majority of candidates for the teaching pro-
fession are not wealthy people. Because of this fact it is the more
remarkable that they should have made their Alma Mater a decen-
nial present of $10,000.

For information in regard to the financial operation of the college
during the past two years I refer you to the Treasurer's report. This
report was made to show the financial condition at the close of our
last fiscal year. The indebtedness at that time was about $17,000. A
part of this has been paid off, and at the end of our present fiscal

Superintendent of Public Instruction. 431

year the total indebtedness will have been reduced to about $11,000.
This can be discharged easily with the remainder of our special ap-
propriation, which, by the Act of the last Legislature, can not be
used except for paying off indebtedness and for making certain neces-
sary permanent improvements.

Respectfully submitted, Charles D. McIyer,

December 18, 1902.

Treasurer's Report.

Greensboro, N. C, November 8, 1901.
To the Board of Directors.

I beg to make the following financial statement for the fiscal year
ending September 15, 1901:


State appropriation $25,000.00

Special appropriation 15,000.00

Peabody Fund 2,000.00

City schools 2,188.49

Tuition 6.612.25

Fees 5,838.50

Country school 162.00

Supplies, stationery, etc 1,358.97

Farm 2,152.05

Laundry 3.162.64

Dormitory 18,046.63

Miscellaneous 1,426.70


Bank account overdrawn September 30, 1900 $3,426.22

Practice School building (new) 883.25

Lawn 177.62

Teague building 54.15

Land 3,191.80

Sewer and ditch 140.39

Supplies bought, etc 1,625.26

Epidemic 3,390.14

Refund to students 365.29

Improvements 133.17

Repairing 961.25

Plumbing 52 - 62

432 Biennial Report of the

Painting $1,181.39

Advertising 838.22

General expenses (servants' hire, carpenter, printing; cata-
logues, postage, stationeiT, water rent, gas, expenses of

Board meetings, repairing, coal, rent of buildings, etc.), 8,359.53

Equipment 1,487.23

Insurance 313. (JO

Miscellaneous 236.00

Notes at bank 3,010.00

Interest 2,160.00

Music (sheet) 127.54

Books 1,028.(51

Salary 24,150.00

Laundry 2,907.38

Dormitory 18,046.63

Farm operations 3,130.07


Cash in bank 1,571.47


Resources: Open accounts, considered good, $478.23.
Liabilities: Note at National Bank, $6,000.00; due Students'
Building Fund, $905.07; interest on Board of. Education bonds, one
year, $360.00.

Respectfully submitted, E. J. Forney,


Greensboro, N. C., September 30, 1902.
To the Board of Directors.

I beg to make the following financial statement for the fiscal year
ending September 15, 1902:


State appropriation $18,750.00

Special appropriation 10,000.00

Park Fund (Peabody donation) 5,000.00

Peabody Fund 2,000.00

Fees 6,565.00

Tuition 5,050.00

Miscellaneous 1,155.32

Music Department 2,318.17

Supplies bought 1,009.23

Books 508.18

Superintendent oe Public Instruction. 433

Farm operatio.i $2,070.67

Notes 10,000.00

Country School Fund 265.63

City School Fund 1,464.96

Dormitory 20,968.63

Laundry 3,941.00

Total $91,066.79

Bank balance September 15, 1901 1,571.47

Total available cash $92,638.26


Salaries $26,734.34

General expenses (servants' hire, carpenter, printing, cata-
logues, postage, stationery, water rent, gas, expenses of

Board meetings, repairing, coal, rent of buildings, etc.), 6,085.50

Equipment z,878.Ul

Books 1,470.0 >

Advertising 764.92

Insurance 430.15

Improvements 3,603.72

Repairing 1.154.99

Coal 4,233.90

Supplies sold 1.182.15

Refund to students 289.40

Work on grounds 975.47

Fencing grounds 1,364.23

Park Fund 464.29

Notes 1,013.6 if

Practice School building 13,676.11

Equipment school building 607.97

Farm operations 1,571.68

Dormitory 20.968.63

Laundry 3,137.92

Total $92,607.12

Bank balance September 15, 1902 31.14


Resources: Balance State appropriation, $6,250.00; special appro-
priation. $5,000.00; open accounts, considered good, $367.30; bank
balance, $31.14. Total, $11,648.44.

Liabilities: Notes, $6,000.00, $4,000.00 and $6,000.00; land notes
due July 1, 1902, $1,300.00; on contract of Practice Scnool building,


434 Biennial Report of the

.00; heating plant of Practice School, $100.00; for furniture Prac-
tice School, $9S2.00; Odell Hardware Company, $980.00; Hagan Ma-
chinery Company, laundry machinery, $2,080.00; John W. Wharton,
cement, $154.00; Troy Laundry Machinery Company, $99.00; Wake-
field Hardware Company, $180.00; J. R. Rich, plumbing, $500.00;
Johnson Roofing Company, for slating, $534.00; miscellaneous bills,
$350.00; interest due State Board of Education, $720.00; M. C.
Teague, rent, $250.00; due Park Fund, $4,536.00. Total, $29,595.00.
Net deficit, $17,946.56.

Respectfully submitted, E. J. Forney,



Greensboro, N. C, November 17, 1902.
Hon. James Y. Joyner, 8upt. Public Instruction, Raleigh, N. G.

My Dear Sir: — In reply to your favor requesting a brief statement
of the work, condition and needs of this institution, I beg respect-
fully to submit the following for your consideration:

About two years ago a radical change was made in the organiza-
tion of the Agricultural and Mechanical College for the Colored Race
in order to reduce expenses and to add to the practicability of the
work. The seven classes which were then operated by us were re-
duced to four, and the Domestic Science Department, which was rap-
idly out-growing our accommodation, was discontinued. Instruction

Online LibraryNorth Carolina. Dept. of Public InstructionBiennial report of the Superintendent of Public Instruction of North Carolina, for the scholastic years ... [serial] (Volume 1900/01-1901/02) → online text (page 43 of 46)