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affirmation voice has been expressed, "Those opposed will say 'No'."

(c) Any member may call for a question to be divided into two
or more propositions to be voted on separately, and the Speaker
shall determine whether the question admits of such a division.

Rule 22. Determining Question. Unless otherwise provided by
the Constitution of North Carolina, all questions shall be deter-
mined by the members present and voting.

Rule 23. Voting by Division. Any member may call for a division
of the members upon the question before the result of the vote
has been announced. Upon a call for a division, the Speaker shall
cause the number voting in the affirmative and in the negative
to be determined. Upon a division and count of the House on any
question, no member out of his seat shall be counted.

Rule 24. Roll Call Vote, (a) Before a question is put, any mem-
ber may call for the ayes and noes. If the call is sustained by one-
fifth (1/5) of the members present, the question shall be decided
by the ayes and noes upon a roll call vote, taken alphabetically.

(b) Every member who is in the hall of the House when the
question is put shall give his vote upon a call of the ayes and
noes, unless the House for special reasons shall excuse him, and
no application to be excused from voting or to explain a vote shall
be entertained unless made before the call of the roll.

Rule 25. Voting by Absentees, (a) No member shall vote on any
question when he was not present when the question was put by
the Speaker, except by the consent of the House.



152 Nnii'i ii (' \i:<n i \ \ M \ \ i \i

ill) [f ;tny member is necessarily absenl on temporary business
i)f the House when a vote is taken upon any question, upon entering
the House he shall be permitted, on request, to vote, provided that
the result shall not be affected thereby.

(c) When a member who is present is paired with an absent
member, he shall, when his name is called on a roll call vote, an-
nounce the pair, which shall be recorded by the Principal Clerk.

Rule 2t\. Voting by Speaker. In all elections the Speaker may vote.
In all other instances he may exercise his right to vote, or he
may reserve this right until there is a tie, but in no instance may
he vote twice on the same question.



VI. Committees

Rule 27. Committees Generally, (a) All committees shall be
appointed by the Speaker, unless otherwise specially ordered by
the House.

(1)) Any member may excuse himself from serving on any com-
mittee if he is a member of two standing committees.

(c) The Chairman and five other members of any committee
shall constitute a quorum of that committee for the transaction
of business.

(d) In any joint meeting- of the Senate and House committees,
the House Committee may in its discretion reserve the right to
vote separately.

Rule 28. Appointment of Standing Committees, (a) At the com-
mencement of the session the Speaker shall appoint a standing
committee on each of the following subjects, namely:

Agriculture.

Appropriations.

Ranks and Banking.

Commercial Fisheries and Oyster Industry.

Commissions and Institutions for the Blind.

1 iongressional Districts.

Conservation and Development.

Constitutional Amendments.



Hoi sk (if Representatives 453



Corporations.

Counties, Cities and Towns.

Courts and Judicial Districts.

Education.

Elections and Election Laws.

Employment Security.

Enrolled Bills and Expenditures of the House.

Federal and Interstate Cooperation.

Finance.

Health.

Higher Education.

Highway Safety.

Institutions for the Deaf.

Insurance.

Irrigation and Drainage.

Journal.

Judiciary No. 1.

Judiciary No. 2.

Justices of the Peace.

Library (Joint).

Local Government.

Manufacturers and Labor.

Mental Health.

Military and Veteran's Affairs.

Penal Institutions.

Printing.

Propositions and Grievances.

Public Buildings and Grounds.

Public Utilities.

Public Welfare.

Roads.

Rules.

Salaries and Fees.

Senatorial Districts.

State Government.

State Personnel.

Trustees of the University.

Water Resources and Control.

Wildlife Resources.



I"' I Noh i it Caboli \ \ Mani \i

(b) The first member announced on each committee shall be
chairman, and where the Speaker so desires he may designate a
co-chairman and one or more vice-chairmen.

Rule 29. Standing Committee Meetings, (a) Standing- com-
mittees and sub-committees of standing committees shall be fur-
nished with suitable meeting places.

(b) Subject to the provisions of sub-sections (c) and (d) of
this Rule, standing committees and subcommittees thereof shall
permit other members of the General Assembly, the press, and the
general public to attend all sessions of said committees or sub-
committees.

(c) The chairman or other presiding officer shall have general
direction of the meeting place of the committee or subcommittee
and, in case of any disturbance or disorderly conduct therein, or
if the peace, good order, and proper conduct of the legislative
business is hindered by any individual or individuals, the chairman
or presiding officer shall have power to exclude from the session
any individual or individuals so hindering the legislative business
or, if necessary, to order the meeting place cleared of all persons
not members of the committee or subcommittee.

(d) Upon the affirmative vote of a majority of the members of
any standing committee or subcommittee, executive sessions may be
held, but in no event shall final action be taken in executive sessions.

(e) Procedure in the committees shall be governed by the rules
of the House, so far as the same may be applicable to such pro-
cedure.

Rule 30. Coutui it tec Hearings. The Chairmen of all committees
shall notify, or cause to be notified, the first named introducer on
such bills as are set for hearing before their respective com-
mittees as to the date, time and place of such hearing.

Rule 31. Committee of the Whole House, (a) A Committee of
the Whole House shall not be formed, except by suspension of the
rules, if there be objections by any member.

(b) After passage of a motion to form a Committee of the
Whole House, the Speaker shall appoint a chairman to preside
in committee, and the Speaker shall leave the Chair.



House of Representatives 455

(c) The rules of procedure in the House shall be observed in the
Committee of the Whole House, so far as they may be applicable,
except the rule limiting the time of speaking and the previous
question.

(d) In the Committee of the Whole House a motion that the
committee rise shall always be in order, except when a member
is speaking, and shall be decided without debate.

(e) When a bill is submitted to the Committee of the Whole
House, it shall be read and debated by sections, leaving the pre-
amble to be last considered. The body of the bill shall not be
defaced or interlined, but all amendments, noting the page and
line, shall be duly entered by the Clerk on a separate paper as the
same shall be agreed to by the committee, and so reported to the
House. After report, the bill shall again be subject to be debated
and amended by sections before a question on its passage be taken.

VII. Handling of Bills

Rule 32. Reference to Committee. Each bill not introduced on
the report of a committee shall immediately upon its introduction be
referred by the Speaker to such committee as he deems appropriate.

Rule 33. Introduction of Bills and Resolutions, (a) Every bill
shall be introduced in regular order of business, except upon per-
mission of the Speaker or on the report of a committee.

(b) Any member introducing a bill or resolution shall briefly
endorse thereon the substance of the same.

Rule 34. Papers Addressed to the House. Petitions, memorials and
other papers addressed to the House shall be presented by the
Speaker ; a brief statement of the contents thereof may be verbally
made by the introducer before reference to a committee, but such
papers shall not be debated or decided on the day of their first
being read, unless the House shall direct otherwise.

Rule 35. Introduction of Bills, Copies Required, (a) Whenever
any resolution or bill is introduced, a carbon copy thereof shall be
attached thereto, and the Principal Clerk shall cause said carbon
copy to be numbered as the original resolution or bill is numbered,
and shall cause the same to be available at all times to the member
introducing the same.



I ,i| \'oi:i ii Carol] \ \ .M \ m \i

I h) Whenever a public bill is introduced, it shall be in such form
and have such copies accompanying same as designated by the
Speaker, and any bill submitted without the required number of
copies shall be immediately returned to the introducer. The Clerk
shall stamp the copies with the number stamped upon the original
hill.

Rule .'i(i. Duplicating of Hill ft. The Principal Clerk shall cause
such bills as are introduced to be duplicated in such numbers as
may he specified by the Speaker. On the morning following the
delivery of the copies, the Chief Clerk shall cause the Chief Page
to have one copy put upon the desk of each member, one copy put in
the office of each member, and shall retain the other copies in his
office. A sufficient number of copies for the use of the committee
to which the bill is referred shall be delivered to the chairman or
clerk of that committee by the Chief Page. If the bill is passed
by the House, the Chief Clerk shall deliver the remaining copies
to the Principal Clerk of the Senate for the use of the Senate.

( h I The cost of duplicating shall be paid from the contingent
fund of the House of Representatives.

Rule 37. Report by Committee. All bills and resolutions shall be
reported from the committee to which referred, with such recom-
mendations as the committee may desire to make.

(a) Farm-able Report. When a committee reports a bill with the
recommendation that it be passed, the bill shall be placed on the
favorable calendar.

(b) Report Without Prejudice. When a committee reports a bill
without prejudice, the bill shall be placed on the favorable calendar.

(c) Unfavorable Report. When a committee reports a bill with
the recommendation that it be not passed, and no minority report
accompanies it, the bill shall be placed on the unfavorable calendar.

(d) Minority Report. When a bill is reported by a committee
with a recommendation that it be not passed, but it is accompanied
by a minority report sig-ned by at least one-fourth (%) of the
members of the committee who were present and voting when the
bill was considered in committee, the question before the House
shall be: "The adoption of the minority report." If the minority
report is adopted by majority vote, the bill shall be placed on the



House of Representatives 457

favorable calendar for consideration. If the minority report fails of
adoption by a majority vote, the bill shall be placed on the un-
favorable calendar.

Rule 38. Removing Bill from Unfavorable Calendar. A bill may
be removed from the unfavorable calendar upon motion carried
by a two-thirds (%) vote. A motion to remove a bill from the un-
favorable calendar is not debatable; but the movant may, before
making the motion, make a brief and concise statement, not more
than five minutes in length, of the reasons for the motion.

Rule 39. Reports on Appropriation and Revenue Bills. All com-
mittees, other than the Committee on Appropriations, when fa-
vorably reporting any bill which carries an appropriation from the
State, shall indicate same in the report, and said bill shall be
referred to the Committee on Appropriations for a further report
before being acted upon by the House. All committees, other than
the Committee on Finance, when favorably reporting any bill which
in any way or manner raises revenue or levies a tax or authorizes
the issue of bonds or notes, whether public, public-local, or private,
shall indicate same in the report, and said bill shall be referred
to the Committee on Finance for a further report before being acted
upon by the House.

Rule 40. Recall of Bill from Committee. When a bill has been
introduced and referred to a committee, if after ten days the com-
mittee has failed to report thereon, then the introducer of the bill or
some member designated by him may, after three days' public
notice given in the House, on motion supported by a vote of two-
thirds ( % ) of the members present and voting, recall the same
from the committee to the floor of the House for consideration and
such action thereon as a majority of the members present may
direct.

Rule 41. Calendars. The Clerk of the House shall keep a separate
calendar of the public, local, and private bills, and shall number
them in the order in which they are introduced, and all bills shall
be disposed of in the order they stand upon the Calendar; but the
Committee on Rules may at any time arrange the order of prec-
edence in which bills may be considered.



IBS Nor in Carolina Mani \i

Rule 1^. Readings of Hills, (a) Every bill shall receive three
readings in the House prior to its passage. The introduction of the
hill shall constitute its first reading, and the Speaker shall give
nut ice at each subsequent reading whether it be the second or third
reading.

i lit No Mil shall be read more than once on the same day with-
out the concurrence of two-thirds (%) of the members present
and voting.

Rule 43. Effect of Defeated Bill, (a) Subject to the provisions of
subsection (b) of this Rule, after a bill has been tabled or has
failed to pass on any of its readings, the contents of such bill or
the principal provisions of its subject matter shall not be embodied
in any other measure. Upon the point of order being raised and
sustained by the Chair, such measure shall be laid upon the table,
and shall not he taken therefrom except by a two-thirds (%) vote.

(b) No local bill shall be held by the Chair to embody the
provisions of or to be identical with any statewide measure which
has Keen laid upon the table, or failed to pass any of its readings.

Rule 44. Amendments and Riders. No amendment or rider to a
bill before the House shall be in order unless such rider or amend-
ment is germane to the bill under consideration.

Rule 45. Conference Committees, (a) Whenever the House shall
decline or refuse to concur in amendments put by the Senate to a
bill originating- in the House, or shall refuse to adopt a substitute
adopted by the Senate for a bill originating in the House, a con-
ference committee shall be appointed upon motion made, consisting
of the number named in the motion; and the bill under consider-
ation shall thereupon go to and be considered by the joint conferees
on the part of the House and Senate.

(b) Only such matters as are in difference between the two
houses shall he considered by the conferees, and the conference
report shall deal only with such matters. The conference report
shall not be amended.

(c) Except as herein set out, the rules of the House of Repre-
sentatives of Congress shall govern the appointment, conduct,
and reports of the conferees.



House of Representatives 459

VIII. Legislative Officers and Employees

Rule 46. Elected Officers. The House shall elect a Principal Clerk,
a Reading Clerk, and a Sergeant-at-Arms. The Principal Clerk
shall continue in office until another is elected.

Rule 47. Assistants to Principal Clerk and Sergeant-at-Arms.
The Principal Clerk and the Sergeant-at-Arms may appoint, with
the approval of the Speaker, such assistants as may be necessary to
the efficient discharge of the duties of their various offices. One
or more of such assistants may be assigned by the Speaker from
the Principal Clerk's office to the office of the Attorney General
for the purpose of drafting bills.

Rule 48. Speaker's Clerk, Chaplain and Pages, (a) The Speaker
may appoint a Clerk to the Speaker, a Chaplain of the House,
and he may also appoint fifteen pages to wait upon the sessions of
the House; when the pressure of business may require, the Speaker
may appoint five additional pages.

(b) When the House is not in session, the pages shall be under
the supervision of the Principal Clerk.

Rule 49. Committee Clerks, (a) The Chairman of each of the
following committees may, with the approval of the Speaker, ap-
point a clerk to his committee : Agriculture; Appropriations; Banks
and Banking; Congressional Districts; Commercial Fisheries and
Oyster Industry; Conservation and Development; Constitutional
Amendments; Corporations; Counties, Cities and Towns; Courts
and Judicial Districts; Education; Elections and Election Laws;
Employment Security; Federal and Interstate Cooperation; Fi-
nance; Health; Higher Education; Highway Safety; Insurance;
Judiciary No. 1; Judiciary No. 2; Local Government; Manufac-
turers and Labor; Mental Health; Penal Institutions; Propositions
and Grievances; Public Utilities; Public Welfare; Roads; Rules;
Salaries and Fees; State Government; State Personnel; Trustees
of the University ; Water Resources and Control ; and Wildlife Re-
sources.

(b) Whenever the Speaker deems it advisable, he may assign a
clerk to act for two or more committees.

(c) The leader of the minority party may, with the approval
of the Speaker, be assigned a clerk.



liio Nok i ii Caeoj I \ \ Al \ \ I \l

idi By and with the consent and approval of the Chairman of
any of the above committees, the clerk of said committee may be
assigned to special duty with other committees under the super-
vision of the Principal Clerk of the House.

Rule 50. Compensation of Clerks. No clerk, laborer, or other
person employed or appointed under Rules 47, 48, and 49 hereof
shall receive during such employment, appointment, or service any
compensation from any department of the State Government, or
from any other source, and there shall not be voted, paid or
awarded any additional pay, bonus or gratuity to any of them, but
they shall receive only the pay now provided by law for such
duties and services.

IX. Privileges of the Hall

Rule 51. Admittance to Flour. No person except members, officers
and employees of the General Assembly, Judges of the Supreme
and Superior Courts, State officers and former members of the
General Assembly who are not registered under the provisions of
Article 9 of Chapter 120 of the Genei-al Statutes of North Carolina
shall be allowed on the floor of the House during its session, unless
permitted by the Speaker.

Rule 52. Admittance of Press. Reporters wishing to take down
debates may be admitted by the Speaker, who shall assign such
places to them on the floor or elsewhere, to effect this object, as
shall not interfere with the convenience of the House.

Rule 53. Extending Courtesies. Courtesies of the floor, galleries
or lobby shall not be extended by the Speaker on behalf of any
member except upon the Speaker's motion and by written request.

Rule 54. Order in Galleries and Lobby. In case of any disturbance
or disorderly conduct in the galleries or lobby, the Speaker or
other presiding officer is empowered to order the same to be cleared.

X. General Rules

Pule 55. Attendance of Members. No member or officer of the
House shall absent himself from the service of the House without
leave, unless from sickness or disability.



House of Representatives 46i

Rule 56. Documents to be Signed by the Speaker. All Acts, ad-
dresses, and Resolutions and all warrants and subpoenas issued
by order of the House shall be signed by the Speaker or Presiding
Officer.

Rule 57. Placement of Material on Members" Desks. Persons
other than members of the General Assembly, officers or staff there-
of shall not place or cause to be placed any material on members'
desks without obtaining approval of the Speaker or the Principal
Clerk. Any printed material so placed shall bear the name of the
originator.

Rule 58. Rules, Rescission and Alteration, (a) No standing
rule or order shall be rescinded or altered without one day's notice
given on the motion thereof, and to sustain such motion two-thirds
( % ) of the House shall be required.

(b) Except as otherwise provided herein, the House upon two-
thirds (%) vote of the members present and voting may tem-
porarily suspend any rule.



162 Norn 11 Carolijn \ M \M M

STANDING COMMITTEES OF THE HOUSE
OF REPRESENTATIVES



AGRICULTURE

Speed: Chairman

Auman: Vice-Chairman

Falls: Vice-Chairman

Forbes: Vice-Chairman

McFadyen : Vice-Chairman

Reps.: Barbee, Billings, Boger, Bowles, Burden, Burrus, Chase,
Collier, Collins, Culpepper, Eagles, Everett, Fenner. Garner, Gunn,
Horton, Jernigan, Mitchell, Mohn, Roberson, Staton, Tart, Taylor
of Transylvania, Tolbert, Whitley of Stanly, Woodard.



APPROPRIATIONS

Greenwood : Chairman

Ervin: Vice-Chairman

Jernigan : Vice-Chairman

Johnson of Wake: Vice-Chairman

Phillips: Vice-Chairman

Reps.: Auman. Barbee, Barr. Beatty, Blake, Boger, Bowles, Bunn,
1 hase, Clark of Bladen, Collins. Eagles, Exum, Falls, Fenner,
Godwin of Gates. Garren, Gregory. Gunn, Hamrick, Haynes, Hill,
Horton, Hunter of Mecklenburg, Ingle, Isaac, Johnson of Cabarrus.
Jordan, Kiser, Leatherman, McFadyen, McGlamery, Merritt.
Messer, Mills of Onslow, O'Hanlon, Penny, Pickard, Poovey,
Ramsey of Madison, Ramsey of Person, Raynor, Rountree, Royall,
Speed, Stanford, Staton, Stewart, Sugg, Tate, Taylor of Carteret,
Taylor of Transylvania, Troxell, Vaughn, Whicker, Whitley of
Stanly, Williamson.



House of Representatives 463

BANKS AND BANKING

Godwin of Gates: Chairman

Gregory: Vice-Chairman

Hofler: Vice-Chairman

Paschall: Vice-Chairman

Short: Vice-Chairman

Reps.: Andrews, Bailey, Blake, Bryan, Clark of Union, Collins,
Eagles, Euliss, Garren, Godwin of Craven, Hunter of Mecklenburg-,
Isaac, Johnson of Duplin, Jones, McFadyen, McGlamery, McMillan
of Robeson, Mullinax, Ragsdale, Whitley of Stanly.

COMMERCIAL FISHERIES
AND OYSTER INDUSTRY

Williamson: Chairman

Merritt: Vice-Chairman

O'Hanlon: Vice-Chairman

Reps.: Burrus, Culpepper, Haynes, Hill, Hutchins, Johnson of
Duplin, Kincaid, Mohn, Strickland, Sugg, Tart, Taylor of Carteret.

COMMISSIONS AND
INSTITUTIONS FOR THE BLIND

McMillan of Wake: Chairman

Andrews: Vice-Chairman

Gunn: Vice-Chairman

Leatherman : Vice-Chairman

Reps.: Baugh, Bowles, Chase, Everett, Falls, Haynes, Jemison,
Mitchell, Royall, Tolbert.

CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS

High: Chairman

Bunn: Vice-Chairman

Ragsdale: Vice-Chairman

Reps.: Ervin, Garner, Garren, Godwin of Gates, Gregory, Messer,
Mills of Anson, Pickard, Quinn, Vaughn.



Hi I Xoi; | || (' \i;ul I N \ M \.\ I Al

CONSERVATION AND
DEVELOPMENT

Jernigan : Chairman
Andrews: Vice-Chairman

Bark: Vice-Chairman
burrus: vice-chairman

Reps.: Auman, Beatty, Church, Clark of Bladen, Collier, Cul-
pepper. Everett, Fenner, Garner, Gunn, Harkins, Hege, Isaac,
Kincaid, Mauney, McKnight, Mills of Anson, Mullinax, Roberson,
Strickland. Whitley of Stanly.



CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS

Andrews: Chairman

Ham rick : Vice-Chairman

McMillan of Wake: Vice-Chairman

Reps.: Bailey, Carson, Clark of Union, Elliott, Exum, Garren,
Hill, Penny, Tate, Whitley of Guilford.

CORPORATIONS

Edwards: Chairman

Euliss: Vice-Chairman

1 1 \mrick : Vice-Chairman

Reps.: Bryan, Calvert, Church, Clark of New Hanover, Ervin,
Hofler, Horton, Johnson of Cabarrus, Love, Pasehall, Rountree.
Strickland, Twiggs, Whitley of Stanly.

COUNTIES, CITIES AND TOWNS

Horton : Chairman

Forbes : Vice-Chairman

Stanford: Vice-Chairman

Tart: Vice-Chairman

Reps.: Billings, Bumgardner, Burrus, Calvert, Church, Clark of
Union, Collier, Euliss, Hege, Jones, McKnight, McMichael, Raynor,
Stewart. Troxell. Twiggs, Vogler, Whitley of Guilford.



House of Representatives 465

COURTS AND
JUDICIAL DISTRICTS

Vaughn : Chairman

Garren: Vice-Chairman

Ramsey of Person: Vice-Chairman

Whitley of Guilford: Vice-Chairman

Reps.: Bailey, Britt of Johnston, Carson, Clark of New Hanover,
Ervin, Godwin of Gates, High, Johnson of Cabarrus, Johnson of
Wake, Leatherman, Pickard, Rountree, Short, Strickland, Sugg,
Taylor of Carteret.



EDUCATION

McMillan of Robeson: Chairman

Barbee: Vice-Chairman

Chase: Vice-Chairman

Kiser: Vice-Chairman

Tart: Vice-Chairman

Reps.: Auman, Beatty, Blake, Bowles, Collier, Everett, Green-
wood, Haynes, Hunter of Mecklenburg, Isaac, Jernigan, Johnson of
Duplin, Kincaid, Messer, Mullinax, O'Hanlon, Penny, Ramsey of
Madison, Roberson, Royall, Staton, Tolbert, Whitley of Guilford,
Woodard.



ELECTIONS AND
ELECTION LAWS

Barbee : Chairman

Johnson of Wake: Vice-Chairman

McGlamery : Vice-Chairman

Pickard: Vice-Chairman



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