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responsibilities to society.

We believe that the North Carolina Good Neighbor Council,
especially in its efforts to promote the establishment of local human
relations councils across the State, has added immeasurably to
peace, harmony, and progress in our State. Good human relations
is not a partisan issue: we therefore commend all who have con-
tributed positive, affirmative action in the field of human rela-
tions, and we deplore efforts to divide our people by any individual
or group.

We recommend that efforts by the Good Neighbor Council, local
councils, and other State and local government agencies be con-



164 North Carolina Manual

tinued and revitalized to eliminate discrimination and gfuarantee
to every citizen equal access to quality education, gainful employ-
ment, and adequate housing. We particularly urge that members
of minority races be considered for appointment to positions on all
levels and inclusion in party offices.

We hereby affirm our faith in the citizens of North Carolina, and
express our deep conviction that civic unity can be achieved through
the cooperative efforts of all segments of our population.

Addendum to Human Relations Section:

Whereas institutionalized racism is disrupting American de-
mocracy and damaging the personalities of black, white, red, and
yellow Americans ; and

Whereas no human good has ever been found in racism; there-
fore be it

Resolved that the Democratic Party makes a total and absolute
commitment to abolish all forms of racism in America; and

Resolved that the Democratic Party in North Carolina com-
mits itself to work in concert with Afro-Americans in bringing
about the total and immediate integration of every area of Ameri-
can Life; and

Resolved that the Democratic Party in North Carolina commits
itself to the development and implementation of humanitarian, so-
cial, and economic programs in concert with Afro-Americans.

LABOR

We pledge our continued support for humane labor laws, safe
and healthful working conditions, just Workmen's Compensation,
and an Unemployment Insurance program that is fair and equitable
to all concerned.

We urge increased use of trade and industrial education and
apprenticeship training for the purpose of upgrading working skills,
so that workmen will be prepared for the many employment op-
portunities which constantly are being created by modern tech-
nology.



Democratic Platform 165

We subscribe to the premise that "a laborer is worthy of his
hire" and commend the Democratic General Assembly for having
made North Carolina the only State in the Southeast to enact a
State Minimum Wage Law for the protection of employees. We
recommend that the General Assembly of 1971 give serious con-
sideration to increasing the present statutory minimum wage to a
figure which reflects the increased cost of living and other current
economic conditions.

We recommend that North Carolina's women be accorded equal
compensation for equal work, equal promotion for equal prepara-
tion, and we endorse the principle of equal compensation for all
employees performing work of comparable responsibility.

We recommend the Department of Labor, and employers and em-
ployees throughout the State, for their intensive work in accident
prevention. Their cooperative eff^orts have reduced disabling in-
juries in North Carolina plants far below the national rate and
have resulted in tremendous savings of life, limb, and accident
costs, making our State a safer place in which to live and work.

Addendum to the Labor Section:

The Democratic Party endorses the principle of free collective
bargaining for all public employees. We advocate that the right-to-
strike should be prohibited by those public employees engaged in
fire and police protection. However, we endorse the principle of
binding arbitration for those firemen and policemen.



LAW AND JUSTICE

The Democratic Party has an abiding faith in the ability of all
our people to live together in peace and harmony, and to settle
any differences within the framework of established legal pro-
cedures. We pledge to protect the life and property of all our
citizens.

Consumer Protection

In a day when the everyday business of commerce, of buying and
selling within our State, has become increasingly complex, it is



166 North Carolina Manual

ijTiperative that the State provide protection from those who would
prey upon the unwary. North Carolina Democrats believe that the
consumer deserves a fair deal in the marketplace, that he should
receive a dollar's value for a dollar spent, and that fraud and de-
ception have no place in the free enterprise system. We therefore
endorse efforts by State agencies and others to protect the con-
sumer and provide a voice for the people whenever issues arise
which affect the rates changed by regulated industries or the
services provided by such industries. North Carolina Democrats
applaud those programs which have placed this State foremost in
the ranks of those States concerned about the welfare of the con-
suming public and encourage further efforts to assure that indi-
vidual citizens of this State are not the victims of the "dark side
of the marketplace."



Law Enforcement

We point with pride to the increased emphasis on law enforce-
ment and crime prevention which the Democratic General Assembly
and concerned departments and agencies have provided. The staff
of the State Bureau of Investigation has been doubled and a special
Drug Unit established. District SBI ffices have been established
within the state. A state-wide Police Information Network is pres-
ently being established to connect all local law enforcement agen-
cies. More than 50 additional patrolmen have been added to the
N. C. State Highway Patrol which is already nationally recognized
as probably the best in the nation. The new Implied Consent Law
and stricter enforcement of traffic laws reduced by over 100 the
number of highway deaths in North Carolina in 1969. We pledge
the Democratic Party in North Carolina to continue strong and
effective measures, including better facilities and compensation of
law officers, to enforce our laws and fight crime.



MAINTENANCE OF PUBLIC ORDER

The Democratic Party in North Carolina stands firmly for the
maintenance of public order. We believe that violent disorders
must be immediately and firmly stopped with all force necessary.



Democratic Platform 167

CONSTITUTIONAL GUARANTEES

We believe that the growing bureaucracy of the Federal Gov-
ernment and the development at technological instruments adept at
the invasion of individual privacy constitute a grave threat to our
personal rights guaranteed by the Constitution. We commend
efforts to restrict such constitutional infringements.
Addendum to the section on Constitutional Guarantees:
Be it resolved that the Democratic Party and the State of North
Carolina be obligated to see that all eligible persons register and
vote; that members of the Democratic Party encourage local boards
of elections to implement options available under the full-time reg-
istration system that will facilitate voter registration. These op-
tions are:

1. Counties with less than 14,000 voters keep their books open
full time rather than operate under the modified full-time system.

2. The county board of elections before each election, order spe-
cial registration commissioners and/or registrars to take regis-
tration applications to any place in the county at any time, register
and administer the oath to persons of that county.

We urge that this action be taken because under the full-time
system which is now mandatory for all counties before January
1, 1971, the registration system will be centralized and the books
are open only during the time when other county offices are open.
These limitations make it difficult for people, particularly black
people, the poor and working man who has to travel a great dis-
tance to the central registration office and/or who encounter prob-
lems in registering between the hours of 9:00 A.M. to 5:00 P.M.
on Monday through Friday. The appointment of floating registra-
tion commissioners and/or registrars will provide all people an
equal opportunity to register.

LOCAL AFFAIRS

The Democratic Party believes that problems should be solved
at the lowest possible governmental level which can deal with
them effectively.

The 1967 Democratic Platform called for the establishment of a
department to aid local units of government with their problems.



168 North Carolina Manual

The 1969 Legislature, at the suggestion of Governor Scott created
the Department of Local Affairs.

This Department serves as a central point of contact for local
units of government providing technical assistance and planning
advice.

The Democratic Party suggests continued interest and support
be given this Department of aid in problem solving in North Caro-
lina's transition from a rui-al to urban State.



LOWERING VOTING AGE

The Democratic Party of North Carolina favors asking the State
Legislature to submit to the people a proposed Constitutional
Amendment lowering the voting age to 18 and ask the people to
support said amendment.



MENTAL HEALTH

Recognizing mental illness, mental retardation, alcoholism and
drug abuse as major causes of disability and suffering among North
Carolina citizens, we endorse North Carolina's programs to combat
and control through treatment, rehabilitation and prevention meth-
ods these serious threats to the health and well-being of our people.
Such efforts are exemplified by the establishment of local mental
health services with participation by 91 counties, the establishment
of an early diagnosis and treatment unit for very young retarded
children, the establishment of additional rehabilitation centers for
alcoholics, the establishment of the N. C. Legislative Study Com-
mission on Use of Illegal and Harmful Drugs and the Governor's
Council on Drug Abuse.

We continue to support the community concept of home-based
mental health care with particular emphasis on the following:

1. Expansion of locally based mental health services within
all of our 100 counties.

2. The addition of professional staff at our state institutions to
blend State and community-based programs into a coordinated,
comprehensive system of care.



Democratic Platform 169

3. Support and implement modern methods for planning and
evaluation of each local program.

We further endorse implementing and further strengthening
statewide programs for education and prevention in the growing
problem of drug abuse, specific recommendations for which await
the Report of the Governor's Study Commission.



PUBLIC LIBRARIES

The Democratic Party pledges itself to promote increased State
financial support to public libraries by recommending additional
appropriations and by continuing to emphasize the public library
as a vital part of the total educational program of North Carolina.



SENIOR CITIZENS

The Democratic Party says to each of North Carolina's Senior
Citizens that you are of vital importance in the economic, social
and cultural life of the State. We pledge continued support to the
agencies with responsibilities to senior citizens. We further pledge
to help revitalize the social and economic well-being of our Senior
Citizens for the purpose of: assuring middle-aged and older persons
equal opportunity with others to engage in gainful employment
which they are capable of performing; enabling retiring persons
to enjoy income sufficient for health and for participation in family
and community life as self-respecting citizens; providing nousing
suited to the needs of older persons and at the price they can aff"ord
to pay; assisting middle-aged and older persons to make the prep-
aration, develop skills and interests, and find social contacts which
will make the gift of added years of life a period of reward and
satisfaction.



SOCIAL SERVICE

The Party affirms its position that in a Democratic Society it is a
role of government to provide financial, medical, and rehabilitative
services for its needy citizens. It recognizes the special needs of the
very young, the aged, and the disabled and supports the efforts of
government toward alleviation of these problems.



170 North Carolina Manual

The Democratic Party recognizes that most social ills are pre-
ventable and that prevention is most effective and far reaching
when there is a sharing of responsibility for action between the
government and the citizens of each community. It therefore ac-
cepts the role of a motivating force in the government as well as
in the private sector for the improvement of the quality of life of
our citizens.



TAXES

The Democratic Party of North Carolina is proud of the fact
that the State, under Democratic Administrations, compares fa-
vorably with her sister states in the overall burden of state and
local taxes. The Party realizes, however, that State Government
cannot continue to give the best services to its people without feel-
ing the pains of rising costs in our state and nation today. The
Party believes we must meet the demands of today's economy, just
as we meet the demands in our personal lives. Further, it feels it
would be negligent in meeting the responsibilities that the people
have placed in our leaders if it did not face up to these realities.

The State ranks 44th among the States in per capita state and
local taxes. The Party realizes that per capita comparisons ignore
the importance of income in the productivity of taxes. When state
and local tax revenue is compared to personal income, we find that
North Carolina ranks 31st among the 50 states. The Democratic
Party believes that the vast majority of our citizens realize they
are getting a dollar's worth of services for a dollar's worth of taxes
and, therelore, support our governor and our legislators for the
courage they have shown in passing fair and reasonable taxes
which produced new revenues for teacher salary increases, new
facilities for the mentally retarded, pilot kindergarten programs
and new highway construction, to mention a few.



VETERANS

Since the founding of this nation, its war veterans and their
dependents have held a special place among our citizenry. The
Democratic Party believes that, both for past services and as an



Democratic Platform 171

assurance to those who must yet defend our land, a strong program
of State benefits, complementing those of the Federal Government,
shall continue to be a primary obligation to the more than 500,000
North Carolina veterans and their dependents. To this end, we
pledge the continuance of an adequate state-wide veterans service
program operated by personnel who can actively assist both vet-
erans and dependents in obtaining their rightful benefits; and we
further pledge the continuation of this State's program of scholar-
ships for the children of those veterans who have paid the greatest
price in life, limb and health.



PLAN OF ORGANIZATION OF DEMOCRATIC
PARTY OF NORTH CAROLINA

ARTICLE I
PRECINCT ORGANIZATION

Section 1. Precinct Committee:

The unit of the Democratic Party organization in the State of
North Carolina shall be the voting precinct. In each precinct, there
shall be a Precinct Committee consisting of ten "active Democrats,"
vi^ho reside in the precinct, and who should, but need not necessarily,
be present when elected by the "active Democrats" of said precinct
present at the biennial precinct meeting. The composition of the
Precinct Committee shall bear a reasonable relationship to the
make-up of the "active Democrats" of said precinct as to sex, age,
ethnic background and, where practical, geography.

The first order of business at the biennial precinct meetings shall
be the election of the five officers of the Precinct Committee, fol-
lowed by the election of five other "active Democrats" to the Pre-
cinct Committee. These ten people shall constitute the make-up
of the Precinct Committee. The officers of the Precinct Committee
shall be a Chairman, three Vice-Chairmen and a Secretary-Ti-eas-
urer. The First Vice-Chairman must be of opposite sex to the
Chairman. If the Chairman and First Vice-Chairman are of the
same race, the Second Vice-Chairman must be of that race, other
than the race of the Chairman and First Vice-Chairman, which
constitutes at least twenty percent of the registered Democratic
voters in that precinct.

The Third Vice-Chairman shall be thirty years of age or under,
if none of the other precint officers are thirty years of age or
younger. No two officers of the Precint Committee shall be from the
same immediate family.

The terms of office of the members and officers of the Precinct
Committee shall expire on the date set for the next succeeding

172



ORGANIZATION
DEMOCRATIC PARTY OF NORTH CAROLINA



PRECINCT



PRECINCT
COMMITTEE



PRECINCT
CHAIRMAN AND
VICE CHAIRMAN



Deleoates



COUNTY
CONVENTIOM



COUNTY
EXECUTIVE
COMMITTEE



Deleqates









STATE


/

/
/
/
/

/

/


CAMPAIGN






CONVENTION


COMMITTEE














CONGRESSIONAL
COMMITTEE




STATE
EXECUTIVE
COMMITTEE
















JUDICIAL
COMMITTEE




STATE
CHAIRMAN


SECRETARY

FINANCE DIR.

TREASURER

EXEC. DIR.














SOLICITORIAL
COMMITTEE




STATE

VICE

CHAIRMAN
















SENATORIAL
COMMITTEE




NAT'L.
COMMITTEEMAN

NAT'L.
COMMITTEEWOMAN








173









174 North Carolina Manual

biennial i)recinct nieetinji' or when their successors shall be elected
or appointed, whichever shall occur first.

The term "active Democrat" as used in this article shall be as
defined in Article IX, Section 11.

Section 2. Precinct Meeting:

Precinct meetings for the election of Precinct Committees, Pre-
cinct Committee officers, and delegates to party conventions shall
be held biennially on the second Tuesday following the day set by
the General Assembly for the holding of second primaries. These
meetings shall convene at 8 p.m. at the polling place of each pre-
cinct. In the event a quorum is not present, there shall be a second
meeting of the precinct on the third Tuesday following the date
set by the General Assembly for the holding of second primaries.
These meetings shall convene at 8 p.m. at the polling place of each
precinct. The precinct meetings shall be presided over by the Chair-
man of the Precinct Committee; but, in his absence, the Vice-
Chairman of the committee in order of succession shall preside,
and in the absence of both the Chairman and the several Vice-
Chairmen any member of the committee may preside. In the event
that none of the above named are present, any "active Democrat"
residing in the precinct may preside.

Section 3. Quorum:

A quorum for any precinct meeting shall consist of not less than
ten "active Democrats" in such precinct. In the event a quorum is
not present at the first date set for the biennial precinct meeting,
a second meeting shall be held as provided in Article I, Section 2.
In precincts having fewer than twenty registered and "active
Democrats," one-half of such registered "active Democrats" shall
be sufficient to comprise the Precinct Committee and to constitute
a quorum at the biennial precinct meeting.

Section 4. Voting:

Each "active Democrat" present at the biennial precinct meeting
shall be entitled to cast one vote at said meeting.



Plan of Organization 175

Section 5. Business Permitted:

At every precinct meeting, if requested, a vote shall be taken on
the different questions, nominations, and elections anticipated to
come before the County Convention, and in that event, the Chair-
man or presiding officer and the Secretary of the precinct meeting
shall certify to the County Convention the vote so cast, and the
relative vote as cast in the precinct meeting shall be reflected in
the vote of the precinct delegates at the County Convention on said
matters.



Section 6. Representation:

No precinct shall be entitled to send delegates to any County
Convention unless those delegates were elected at a biennial pre-
cinct meeting at which a quorum was present. No precinct shall
be entitled to representation on the County Executive Committee
unless a Precinct Committee and Precinct Committee officers were
elected at a biennial precinct meeting at which a quorum was pres-
ent.



Section 7. Election of Delegates:

Each precinct shall be entitled to cast at any County Convention
one vote for every fifty Democratic votes or major fraction thereof
cast by the precinct for Governor at the last gubernatorial elec-
tion; provided that every precinct shall be entitled to cast at least
one vote in the County Convention.

At the biennial precinct meeting, the "active Democrats" in at-
tendance shall elect delegates and alternates to represent the
precinct at the biennial County Convention and cast said votes. The
delegates and alternates so elected shall reasonably reflect the
make-up of all the "active Democrats" in that precinct as to sex,
age, ethnic background and, where practical, geography. Each
precinct may elect as many delegates to the biennial County Con-
vention as it may see fit, not exceeding three delegates and three
alternates for each vote to which said precinct is entitled at the
biennial County Convention; provided that each precinct shall elect



176 North Carolina Manual

at least one delegate for each vote to which it is entitled at the
County Convention.

The Chairman, or presiding officer, and the Secretary-Treasurer
of the Precinct Committee shall certify to the County Chairman
the names of the delegates and alternates elected at the biennial
precinct meeting.



Section 8. Removal of Officers and Committee Members:

Any Precinct Chairman, Vice-Chairman or Precinct Committee
member who gives support to, aids, or helps any opposing political
party or candidate of any other political party, or who refuses or
fails to perfoj-m his duties in organizing his precinct, or who is
convicted of a crime involving moral turpitude, shall be removed
from office in the following manner:

(1) A complaint setting forth full details and duly verified shall
be filed with the County Chairman by three "active Democrats"
registered in the County of the said officer or committee member.
The County Chairman shall upon the approval of a majority of
the other committee officers and after giving five days notice thereof,
call a meeting of the County Executive Committee to hear the
complainant, the alleged offender and any other interested parties
or witnesses. A two-thirds vote of those members present and vot-
ing, as provided in Article II, Section 2, shall be necessary to re-
move a precinct officer or committee member. The decision of the
County Executive Committee shall be final.

(2) If the complainants so desire, rather than the approach
listed above, a complaint setting forth full details and duly verified
shall be filed by the County Chairman or by three "active Demo-
crats" with the State Chairman who shall, upon the approval of a
majority of the other committee officers, and after giving five days
notice thereof, call a meeting of the Council of Review to hear the
complainant, the alleged ofl^ender and any other interested parties
or witnesses. A majority vote of those members of the Council of
Review present and voting shall be necessary to remove an officer
or committee member. The decision of the Council of Review shall
be final.



Plan of Organization 177

(3) When a vacancy exists because of removal for cause, the
vacancy shall be filled by the remaining members of the Precinct
Committee at a meeting called by the County Chairman within
thirty days after such removal for cause. Notice of the filling
of such vacancy shall be given to the County Chairman. The
County Chairman shall cause a detailed account of any removal
and replacement to be filed with the State Chairman.



ARTICLE II
COUNTY ORGANIZATIONS

Section 1. Composition of County Executive Committee:

The officers of the County Executive Committee; the Chairman
and First Vice-Chairman of the several Precinct Committees; the
Presidents of the duly organized Democratic Men's Clubs within
the county; the Presidents of the duly organized Democratic Wom-
en's Clubs within the county; the Presidents of the duly organized
Young Democratic Clubs within the county; the Presidents of the
duly organized College Young Democratic Clubs within the county;
and the Presidents of the duly organized Teen Dem Clubs within
the county shall compose the County Executive Committee.



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