Raleigh. July 2U. HXi7.
To the Cminty Superintendent.
De.4^r Sib : — I contemplate calling a meeting of the State Association of
County Superintendents at some point in the mountains, probably from Sep-
tember 3d to September Cth.
I have under contemplatimi as meeting points
Hendersonville and Montreat. near Black Mountain. I am exceedingly anxious
that every county superintendent in North Carolina shall be present at this
meeting. It will be a meeting of unusual interest and importance to our
work. The law requires the attendance of every superintendent, and requires
the iiayment of his exjienses by the county board of education. Please indicate
below, by return mail, the dates preferred by you between August 27th and
Seiitcnibor loth, and the place of meeting preferred. If you prefer some
other place to Hendersonville or Montreat. please name that place.
Very truly yours. J. Y. Joyxer.
Superintendent of PuMic Instruction.
Dates preferred. Place preferred.
Will you obey the law by attending continuously on the dates fixed?
CALL FOR STATE ASSOCIATION OF COUNTY SUPERINTENDENTS AT
R.VLEIGH. August .3, 10(17.
To the Countij Superintendent.
Dear Sib : — A majority of the county superintendents having voted to have
the meeting of the State Association of County Superintendents at Montreat,
during the first week In September, and the hotels at Montreat having offered
a rate of S1..50 a day or $0 a week, which is considerably lower than the rates
offered by the Hendersonville hotels, you are hereby notified that the next
annual meeting of the State Association of County Superintendents will be
held at .Montreal, N. C. Wednesday. Thursday and Friday. September 4th,
5th and (Jth. The first session will assemble Wednesday morning at 10 o'clock :
the last session will conclude Friday at 1 P. M.
I beg to call your attention to section 4141 of the Public School Law, which
makes it absolutely mandatory upou every county superintendent to attend
196 Docr.MK.NT Xo. 3. [Session
this meeting continuously during its session unless providentially hindered.
The law is equally mandatory upon the county board of education to pay the
traveliug expenses of every county superintendent. A number of county super-
intendents failed to obey this law last year. It is the sworn duty of every
county superintendent to obey it and my sworn duty to enforce it. We cannot
expect others to obey the law unless we obey it. I shall be greatly grieved
if a single county superintendent fails to obey this law this year, and 1 shall
feel compelled to investigate the reasons for his f.iilure and to report such
failure to the county board of education and State Board of Education for
investigation. I believe, however, that all the county superintendents are
sufBciently interested in their work and sufficiently appreciate the value and
importance fif these anniial gatherings to render it unnecessary to invoke the
law to compel attendance, or to resort to the unpleasantness of an investiga-
tion. Public duty should be placed ahead of private business, and a public
officer who cannot rise to this conception of his public duty ought to resign.
Montreat is a delightful summer resort, in the very heart of the mountains,
about one and one-half miles from Black Mountain station, on the main line
of the Southern, and ab(mt eighteen miles east of Asheville. Tovi can secure
round-trip tickets to Black Mountain at reduced rates, good to return until
October 31st. If you desire to take your family and to secure rooms before-
hand, write to H. K. White, manager of the Montreat Hotel. Montreat. N. C.
This will be one of the most important meetings of our association yet held.
It is exceedingly important that we should confer about the public high schools,
compulsory attendance, teachers' certificates, and other new legislation. The
superintendents will probably all be under one roof, and will have a better
opportunity- than at previous meetings for enjoying each other socially.
I desire the meetings to be in the nature of informal conferences and ex-
changes of experience about practical problems relating to our common work.
With a view to arranging a practical and helpful program, I am enclosing a
blank for you to fill out and return, suggesting topics growing out of your
needs and experiences that you desire to hear discussed and to help discuss.
Please forward this to me by return mail, if possible. A program will be
sent you later.
Sincerely trusting to have the pleasure of meeting and greeting at Montreal
every county superintendent in the State of North Carolina, and earnestly
hoping that every superintendent may enjoy the meeting and be greatly prof-
ited by it, I am, A'ery truly yours, .T. T. .Ioyxer.
Superintendent of Piihlic Infitnirtinn.
EXAMINATION FOR HIGH-SCHOOL TEACHER'S CERTIFICATES.
Raleigh, September 23, 19i)7.
To the County Superintendent.
Copies of the questions to be used on October 11th and 12th for the exam-
ination of applicants for high-school teacher's certificates will be mailed to
you in sealed packages the latter part of this week. They will be sent early,
that you may have time to notify us should they not reach you several days
before time for the examination. One complete set of questions will be in-
cluded in each package, together with a copy of "Directions to Applicants."
1909.] DocuMEXT Xo. 3. 197
Before begiuuing the examination, on the morning of the 11th, please call
the attention of applicants to the special directions on page 3 of the "Direc-
tions" referred to above, and have them read carefully.
The following pledge, which should have been included iu the "Directions,"
must be signed by applicants at the end of each pai)er on the respective sub-
jects : "Upon my honor I hereby certify that I have neither given nor received
aid on this examination."
Please take every precaution to see that the examination is conducted
fairly. Allow no temptations to suggest anything but honor. Do not give
questions on more than one subject at a time, and do not give others till the
ajiplicant has finished with those given formerly.
The papers handed in to you should be properly addressed to the Secretary
of the State Board of Education and placed in the post office on the afternoon
of Saturday, the 12th. This will avoid delays and inconveniences that must
be avoide<l. so that applicants may have a report on their papers promptly.
Do not return any questions to this ofHce. Let the applicants take them
away with them, or keep them on file in your office, where they may be acces-
sible, after tlie exam in at ion, to any one that may care to see them.
Very truly yours, J. Y. .Toyner.
Superintendent of Public Inatruetion.
CONCERNING EXAMINATION FOR HIGH-SCHOOL TEACHER'S
R.4.LEIGH, October 2, 190T.
To the County Superintendent.
Dear Sfr: — On account of the possibility of a misunderstanding of section
7 of the "Directions to Applicants" by applicants for the State high-school
teacher's certificate on October 11th and 12th, you will please notify all appli-
cants holding a first-grade county certificate that they will be required to
stand the high-school examination on English, Algebra, Geometry, and English
History, since these subjects are not covered by the examination for their
county teachers' certificates. Do not fail to make this auuouucemeut to all
applicants on the morning of the examination. Please call the special atten-
tion of applicants also to section C.
Very truly yours, J. Y. .Tovner.
Superintendent of Publie Iii.ttruetion.
CERTIFICATES OF DEPOSIT FOR PUBLIC HIGH SCHOOLS IN LOCAL-
R.VLEiGH. October 18, lOnT.
To the County Superintendent.
I enclose blank certificates to be filled and signed by the committees of
special-tax districts in which, by order of .vour county board of education,
approved by the State Board of Education, public high schools have been
located, and in which a part of the local tax will be used to comply in full
or in part with the requirements of the law and the rule that the district
shall place in the hands of the county treasurer an amount equal to the State
198 DocuJiEXT Xo. 3. [Session
It is necessary that these certificates be returned and filed in our office
without delay. Warrants for all the money apportioned to public high schools
must be sent out and the money drawn out of the State Treasury on or before
November 30, 1907 ; otherwise it will not be available till next year and this
year's apportionment will be lost.
Please give this matter your immediate attention. Send these blanks at
once to the proper committeemen, with instructions to fill and return them
to you immediately, one to be fon^'arded to me, the other to your county
treasurer, not later than November 5th.
Very truly yours, J. Y. Joyner.
Superintendent of Puhlic Instruction.
LETTER OF INSTRUCTION— SECOND $100,000—1908.
R.^LEiGH, November, 1907.
To the County Superintendent.
De.\r Sir: — I am sending you lilanU applications for aid from the second
hundred thousand dollars. I suggest that you collect all the necessary infor-
mation and be ready to fill the blanks immediately after the meeting of the
county board of education on the first Jlonday in January, 1908, so that they
may be returned without delay to this office.
Before filling out these blanks, please read carefully sections 4097-4107 of
the Public School Law of 19()7, pages 30-3.3. Please read carefully also the
heading of each column of the enclosed blanks. I beg to call your careful
attention also to the following explanations of the law :
/, Counties entitled to aid. — No county is entitled to aid under this act
unless sections 4104 and 4100 of the act have been strictly complied with, and
no application will be considered luitil the affidavit to that effect required by
law shall have been made by the proper officers on the back of the application.
Read carefully these sections. Read carefully also section 4116 of the Publif
School Law and observe especially as explained in notes on this section, that
counties having more than a four-months school term in any township, and
less in others, must use at least one-sixth of their county fund to aid all their
school districts to have a four-months term before they will be entitled to
aid from the second hundred thousand dollars, and observe also the apportion-
ment must be made per capita by the trustees as required therein and fully
explained in the notes printed on the last page of the application.
//. Diiitricts entitled to aiH. — Read carefully section 4103 and observe that
no school district with a school census of less than sixty-five can receive any
aid unless the formation and continuance of such district shall have been for
the good and sufficient reasons mentioned in that section, and that no appli-
cation from such a district will be considered until the affidavit to that fact
shall have been made by the proper officers on the application.
///. How to calculate the amount needed and allowed liij lair. — Read care-
fully section 4105.
The average monthly salary of white teachers in the State for 191 17 is
$31.77, and the average monthly salary of colored teachers is .$23..38. The
maximum amount that any white school with one teacher can be allowed for
teacher's salary for four months is therefore $127.08, and the maximum amount
1I»00.] DocuMEXT :Xo. 3. 199
that any colored school with one teacher can be allowed for teacher's salary
for four months is therefore $93.32. If the salary actually paid the white or
inlored teacher is less than the above amount, the amount that will be allowed
for teacher's salary can easily be calculated by multiplying the monthly salary
actually paid the whife or colored teacher by four. Schools with an enroll-
ment of seventy and over, actually employing two teachers, are entitled to
salary for two teachers. Schools with an enrollment of 105 and over, actually
employing three teachers, are entitled to salary for three teachers and for
line additional teacher, if actually employed, for not less than every thirty-
tive pupils enrolled. In no instance can more salary than the above maximum
tixed by section 4105 of the law be allowed for any teacher. In no instance
i-an more salary than is actually paid be allowed for any teacher, though this
may be less than this maximum. The amount, therefore, to which any school,
white or colored, actually employing more than one teacher is entitled for
teachers' salary for a four-months term can be easily calculated by mtiltiply-
ing the salary allowed by law for one teacher for four months, as explained
above, by the number of teachers actually employed and to which the school
ujion its enrollment is actually entitled.
The only other expenses besides teachers' salary that will be allowed any
district are the actual incidental expenses incurred and paid, which must be
reported separately, and can never exceed for any school the maximum of .$25
for exjienses and repairs for the four-months term. No incidental expenses
should be reiiorted that are not actually incurred and paid. Superintendents
should watch these incidental expenses and should allow none that are not
Having calculated in this way the maximum amount for teachers' salary
and exjienses which will be allowed to any school under the law, or the amount
actually spent for these jiurposes, provided this is less than the maximum
allowed, it will be easy to calculate the amount to which the district is legally
entitled out of the second hundred thousand dollars for a four-months term
by subtracting the total available funds placed to the credit of this district
from all sources for this .school year as reported in your application.
IV. Arailahle funds. — Read carefully section 4100 of the law.
Hr xiirr to iiirluilc in arailnhlc fuiiiln i/oiir apportioiimPnt from the fii:it
h II II il ml tlioiisdiiil flollars. irhich wiU he xrnt Jaiiiinrii. 190S. and icJiirli rrin
he ascertained liii iniiltiplyinff the ninnhcr per ce».sH.« of 190G h;/ $.130S7.
Every district asking aid must report every cent apportioned to that district
from all school funds. State and county, received or to be received from all
sources, except local taxation, during the entire school year from .July 1. 1007,
to .lune 30, 190S. It matters not how these funds or any part of them may
have been used, whether for building, equipment, iiaying larger salaries than
those mentioned above, or any other purpose. No district will be entitled to
receive from the siieclal apprfijiriation one cent for a four-months school
term, even if it cannot have a four-months school, if its total aiipoi-tionnif-ut
for that school year from all sources, including the first hundred thousand
dollars, and all taxes, except special local taxes, paid and to be jiaid for that
year, is eijual to or greater than the amounts allowed, as explained above,
for teachers' salary and actual current expenses. No part of the second hun-
dred thousand dollars can be used directly or indirectly for paying for build-
ings. Any district using any part of its apportionment for this purjiose must
report every cent so used as available funds.
200 Document Xo. :;. [Session
To illustrate : Xo white school district with mie teacher that has received
or will receive from all sources during the school year endiug June 30. 19(J7,
$127.08 plus the actual current expenses, not exceeding in any case .?25. will
be entitled to any part of the second hundred thousand dollars. No colored
school district with one teacher that has received or will receive from all
sources during the school year ending June 30. 1907. $93.52 plus the actual
current expenses, not exceeding in any case .$2.5. will be entitled to any part of
the second hundred thousand dollars. The same rule will apply to white and
colored districts entitled under the law to more than one teacher, and the
amount may be ascertained by multiplying teacher's salary allowed by the
number of teachers allowed. You can easily ascertain what your county will
receive from the first hundred thousand dollars by multiplying the whole
number of children in your county, census of 190(1. by the decimal $.13087.
With the increase in taxable property and in the assessment thereof in every
county in the State, the legal demands for aid this year ought not to be so
great as last year, and will not be, if the law is obeyed. If I can secure
through your co-operation a strict compliance with the law, I believe that the
appropriation will be more than sufiicieut for all legal demands this year.
Unless I can secure a strict compliance with the law in the apportionment of
the second lumdred thousand dollars, there is great danger of the repeal of
the law. Very truly yours, J. Y. Joyxer,
Superiiitendent of PultUc Instruction.
TIME FOR EXCHANGING SCHOOL BOOKS EXTENDED.
Raleigh. November 19. 1907.
To the County Superintendent.
Deab Sib: — By agreement with the publishers, the time for exchanging
scboolbooks, which would have expired September 1, 1907, was extended to
December 1, 1907. Old books cannot be exchanged for new books on the
adopted list after December 1st. I write to urge you to let every teacher in
your county know that the books must be exchanged b.v that date, and to
instruct every teacher to let every patron know this through the children of
the school. Books that were on the previous adopted list, and are now in
usable condition, can be exchanged for the books on the present list of adopted
books adopted in place of the old books. The law requires the use of the
books on the adopted list. Their adoption in all the schools before December
1st is necessary in order to get the benefit of the exchange prices ; and it
should be rigidly enforced immediatel.v. because the law requires it. and be-
cause uniformity in the t-ourse of study prescribed demands it. Please see
that all teachers and .-ill jiatmns .-ire mitificd tbrongli circular letter from yon
and through your county paper.
Now is tlie best time also to enforce the adoption in all .vour schools of the
course of study contained in the bulletin sent out from my office, and to
secure the proper gradation and classification in all your public schools. If
you need more copies of the bulletin containing the course of stud.v. write for
them at once and the.v will be sent. See that a copy is placed at once in the
hands of every teacher in your county.
Very truly yours. J. Y. Joynek.
f^iijicriiitciident of Public Instruction.
1009.] DociMKXT Xu. 3. 201
APPROPRIATION FOR PUBLIC HIGH SCHOOLS EXHAUSTED.
Raleigh, November 21. 1907.
Deab Sib : — I regret that the surplus from the appropriation for the estab-
lishment of public high schools would not admit of further apportiomueut
to your county. Therefore no apportionment could be made for
In the event of the failure of any school established to comply in full with
the reriuirements of the law this year or next, the State Board of Education
would, of course, be in a position to consider your application then, if con-
tinued. Very truly yours. J. Y. Joyxer,
SuperintciKlent of Public Iiistniction.
TO NOTIFY PUBLISHERS AND DEALERS ABOUT SUPPLY OF
Raleigh. .January 1. 1908.
Deab Sib: — We desire to call your attention to section 4083 of the Text-book
Law. We wish to refer you especially to the last sentence, which makes it
your duty to notify the publishers of the books and the men who sell them
to patrons and purchasers in your countj'.
In order to aid you in this matter, we are sending you enclosed a prepared
letter to the jjublishers and one for the book dealers of your county. You
can easily fill in the blanks as to date of opening, etc.
We also send you a list of the book dealers by counties, to aid you in case
your list has been misplaced or lost.
If there has been change of dealers, or if there should be any other arrange-
ments made in your county in order to meet the needs of your schools, you
will please inform us at once.
It is our earnest desire that everything jiossible shall be done to avoid delay
and trouble to parents and teachers in the matter of text-books this year.
Very truly, J, Y. Jovxeb.
l^iiperintciirleiit nf Public Iiistructimi.
Office of County Siperixtexdext of Schools.
'. . . . County.
To the Book Publisher.
Dear Sib: — You are hereby notified that the public schools of this cnuuty
will begin on day of
In conformity with section 4(i.S.S of the Textbook Law. I am sending you
this official notice, and I beg to call your attention to your duty under that
section to keep on hand at all times, at every established agency in this county,
an ample supjily of books to meet all demands of patrons and iiurch.isers.
and to the penalty of five hundred dollars for failure to comply with tills
requirement of the law.
202 Document Xo. 3. [Session
Please place at all tlie poiuts heretofore rtesignatecl in this county for the
distriliution of liooks an ample supply of books before the opening of our
schools, so that there may be no delay or loss of time for lack of required
books within convenient reach of the patrons of the schools.
Very trul.y yours,
Countii Huperintrtiihiit of HchooU.
Office of County SrpERiNTEKDEST of Schools.
To the County Book Dealer.
Dear Sir : — Under section 40S3 of the Text-book Law it is the duty of the
publishers to keep on hand at all times, at every established agency in every
county, au ample supply of books to meet all demands of patrons and pur-
chasers, and they are liable for a penalty of five hundred dollars for failure
to comply with this requirement.
Yours is one of the designated agencies in this county for the distribution
of liooks. The public schools will begin on day of
Please write to the publishers at once, demanding that they place with you
by sale or consignment, under your contract with them, before the opening of
our schools, a sufficient supply of text-books to meet all the demands of your
The following is a list of publishers :
Alfred Williams & Co., Kaleigh, N. C.
American Book Company. lOO Washington Square. New York.
B. F. Johnson Publishing Company, Richmond, Va.
W. H. Wheeler & Co.. Chicago, 111.
Houghton. JlifBiu & Co.. Boston. Mass.
D. C. Heath & Co.. 225 Fourth Avenue. New York.
Xorth State Publishing Company. Greensboro, X. C.
Ginn & Co., 70 Fifth Avenue. New York.
Newsou & Co.. New York.
The Stone-Barringer Company, Charlotte, N. C.
J. Lippincott Company. Philadelphia, Pa.
Webb & Ware, Nashville. Tenn.
Very truly yours.
Count!/ Sui>criiitc)n1rnt of .Schools.
RELATING TO SPECIAL POLL TAX BEYOND $2 LIMIT.
Raleigh, .June l.j, 1908.
To the County Superintendent.
Dear Sir : — The opinion of the Supreme Court in the case of Railroad- v.
Commissioners of Jlecklenburg County, relative to the levying of a special
poll. tax, was filed too late for me to make a sufficiently thorough examination
of it or to obtain necessary legal advice to warrant me in writing, before the
1009.] DocrJiEXT Xo. 3. iO'^i
first Monday in June, a general letter to the school offleials of the various
counties in regard to levying a special poll tax in special school districts,
established by vote of the people under special acts of the General Assenilily,
or under section 4115 of the Public School Law. In that case the Court holds
that the f!tate and county capitation tax can never exceed two dollars. In
the case of Wingate v. Parker the Court holds that the town and city poll tax
do not come under this clause of the Constitution. In other words, as I
understand it. the town or city poll tax is not State and county poll tax. I
do not believe that a poll tax levied by a vote of the people in specific school
districts, under a special act of the Legislature or a special provision of the
Public School Law. to be levied only upon polls in tliat specific school district,
can be a State or county capitation tax. It must be as much a district poll
tax as was the tax under consideration in the case of Wingate v. Parlcer a
town and city poll tax. If it is not a county tax, then it seems to me that
the two-dollar limitation cannot appl.v. This point was not presented in the
ease of Railroad v. Commissioners of Meclvlenburg County, and. according to
my information and advice, has never lieen decided by the Supreme Court of