N.Y. Board of trade Yonkers.

Yonkers illustrated; issued by the Department of publicity of the Yonkers Board of trade .. online

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PRESENTED BV




ONKERS
ILLUSTRATED



ISSUED BY THE

DEPARTMENT OF PUBLICITY

OF THE

YONKERS BOARD OF TRADE

QEORQE RAYNER, Jr., Manager.






The Yonkers Board of Trade.

The Youkers Board u! Trade was organized in 18',)3, \Mtli William F.
Cochran as its first President. Ho was succeeded in 1895 hy Ivlwiii K. ^Fartiii.
«]io lias retained tlie Presidency since that lime. The other .illi.vrs are: Phili|i
\-er|.l:iiick. Kirsl \-ice-Presidenl : .l..hn I'-'Uows. Second X'i, ■.■-President : William
11. Doty, Treasurer, and George Eayner, Secretary. The objects of the Board are
to direct attention to tlie attractive featirres of the city as a place of residence, and
its unequaled advantages for mannfactories. At the lioard meelinu's o]ii)oi1iini-
ties are offered to discuss qnestions of ])iil)lic im[iori, to oppose all ill-coiisidci'ed
public imjirovi'inents, and to furthei- the best interests of the city.

The ISoai-d Room is centrally located in the Coi)cntt Buildin»-. Xo. 1.")
Wai-burton Avemie. where the Seci'i'tary, George Eayiiei-. is in atleudame daily
from !• A. M. in .') p. it. Visitors are always welcome, and c.n'respoiidence from
home-seekers or manutaclnici-s will ivciMve iiromiit attention.



INDEX TO ILLUSTRATIONS.



PUBLIC BUILDINGS.



Armory Fourth Separate Company,

N. G. S. N. Y

Carnegie Library

City Bath No. 1



Hotel Wynnstay 6

32 Manor Hall 4

20 Music Hall 169

7 Police Headquarters and City Court 20



STREET VIEWS.



Beechwood Terrace, Ludlow Park 112

Halcyon Place 134

Hawthorne Avenue 113

Lake Side Drive, Park Hill 105

Landscape Avenue, Lowerre 164



Valentine's Lane 157



Locust Hill Avenue 89

North Broadway 57

Palisade Avenue 6

St. Andrew's Place 160

Sunnyside Drive, Ludlow Park 112



EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS.

Halsted School LS Public School No. « 16

High School 16 Public School No. 7 147

Monastery of the Sacred Heart 50 Public Scliool No. 13 164

St. .Joseph's Seminary 148

FIRE HOUSES.

Exempt Firemen's Benevolent Ass'n. . 22 Palisade Avenue 141

Lowerre 165 Riverdale Avenue 183

Oak Street 141 Shonnard Place 22

Vineyard Avenue 140



Dayspring Presbyterian 146

First Methodist 162

First Presbyterian 67

First Reformed 128

Grace Episcopal Chapel 71



St. Andrew's Protestant Episcopal.... 152

St. John's Protestant Episcopal 24

St. Joseph's Roman Catholic 143

St. Mary's Roman Catholic 52

Warburton Avenue Baptist 53



PUBLIC PARKS.



Homeopathic Hospital and Maternity.

St. John's Riverside

St. Joseph's



Grant Park

Van Cortlandt Par
Washington Park



BANKS.

Citizens' National 42

First National 43

Westchester Trust Co 44

Yonkers Savings Bank 45



NEWSPAPERS.



Yonkers Statesman 41

Yonkers Herald 41



CLUBS AND ORGANIZATIONS.



Amackassin Club 30

City Club 32

Corinthian Yacht Club 36

Hollywood Inn 26

Palisade Boat Club 38

Park Hill Country Club 98



Saegkill Golf Club 30

The Woman's Institute 28

Yonkers Canoe Club 38

Yonkers Teutonia 34

Yonkers Turn Verein 34

Yonkers Yacht Club : . . . 36



INDEX TO ILLUSTRATIONS.



EESIDENCES.



Almond, Thomas R

Andrus, John E

Aulenbacher, George, Apartment House.

Baekeland, Dr. Leo

Bailey, Mrs. J. M

Baker, Fisher A

Baker, Joseph D

Bartmess, Edward A

Beemer, James G

Bell Bros., Highland Place Residence.
Bell Bros., Park Avenue Residence. . . .
Blatzheim, H. J., Apartment House. . . .

Bragg, Henry T

Brennan, John F

Breuchaud, J

Brevoort, James R

Brown, Dr. H. Beattie

Browne, Dr. Valentine

Burlew, Dr. Charles R

Burns, Hon. J. Irving

Burroughs, Arthur E

Butler, Mrs. William Allen

Chedsey , Francis B

Chick, Henry C

Clark, Eugene C

Clark, Mrs. John

Cochran, Mrs. William F

Colgate, James B

Cook, Fred. S

Coons, Dr. William Sheldon

Cooper, Samuel L

Corcoran, John J

Coy, Charles F

Creet, William

Culver, Charles R

Cushman, Burritt A

Daly, Hon. Joseph F

Davis, Albert D

De Augelis, Jefferson

Deane, M. J

Devitt, John J

Deyo, Andrew

Doty, William H

Duff, John T

Dwyer, Franklin P '

Eagan, Stella Andrus

Easton, Charles Philip

Eaton, Charles B

Edwards, Julian

Eickemeyer, Rudolf, Jr

Elting, E. J

Elting, Peter J

Ely, Cheever N

Eschmann, F. W. R

Ewing, Thomas, Jr

Fairbanks, Ernest A

Fisher, Louis G

Flagg, Mrs. Ethan

Flannery, P. J

Ford, Mrs. Frances L

Fulton, Charles A

Gaul, William

Gifford. Robert W



I, I!. Ill V U

IIm.u,,.. Tlicimas G

Ignian, Walter E

Holder, Francis T

Hells, Hon. Frederick W.

Hubbard, Samuel T

llnlibfll. John H



138
153
9.5
14.S



Wood house, Han



Hunt, James M

John, Dr. David

Kellar the Magician

Kellogg. Hon. William C

Kelly, George T., Apartment House...

Kennedy, John S

Kingman, Barton E

Kroeber, Dr. Carl H

Laird, Alexander

Lilienthal, S. P., Estate of

Lockwood, Mrs. M. W

Ludlow House

Maclay, Isaac W

Marsden, Charles P

Martin, Edwin K

Maurer, B. J

McConchie, Samuel

Morrison, Charles A

Oliver, John W

Olsen, Otto, Apartment House

O'Neill, Mrs. Francis

O'Neill, Peter F

Oppenheimer, David E

Ord, George J

Otis, Charles R

Otis, Hon. Norton P

Paillard, Alfred E

Peene, Ex-Mayor John G

Perot, Edward S

Pitkin, Mrs. George D

Prime, Alanson J

Prime, Ralph E

Rayner, George

Rayner, George, Jr

Reed, Charles

Rose, George L

Saunders, Alexander

Scotland, David

Scrugham, William W

Seaman, Frank

Seymour, Norman

Sherman, Dr. William H

Shipman, Albert K

Shonnard, Frederick

Shotts, John C

Shrive, William

Siedle. Edward

Sinclair, Edmund E

Smith, Duncan

Smith, Wallis

Sowdon, George H

Sutherland, Ex-Mayor Leslie

Sutherland, Spencer K

Stilwell, Dr. Benjamin W

Thayer, Hon. Stephen H

Thomas, Walter

Tousey, Sinclair

Trautwein, Charles G

Tuttle, Mrs. Frances

Untermyer, Samuel

■Van Dolsen, John

Van Suetendael, Arthur J

Verbeck, Eugene A

Waldron, Dr. Louis V

Walsh, Mayor

Waring, Charles E

Waring, John T

Warren, George H

Warren, Dr. Nathan A

Warren. Dr. N. A., Apartment Houses.

Washburn Residence

Watson, H.

Weller, Ex-Mayor James H

Wilgus, William J

Wilson, Mrs. C. G

Wiuslow, Francis A

130



INDEX TO ILLUSTRATIONS.



LUDLOW PARK.

Beeehwood Terrace 112

Ludlow House Ill

Office of the Ludlow Estate 110

Sunnyside Drive 112

The Hudson River, from Sunnyside

Drive 110

The Palisades opposite Ludlow Park.. 116

RESIDENCES.

De Angelis, Jefferson 115

Edwards, Julian 115

Kellar the Magician 113

Ludlow House Ill

Prime, Alanson J 116

Siedle, Edward 114

Trautwein, Charles G 114

Verbeck, Eugene A 113

PAUK HILL.

Elevator Building 98

Lake Side Drive 105

Park Hill Country Club 98

The Lake (Summer) 102

The Lake (Winter) 103

RESIDENCES.

Baker, Joseph D 109

Breuchaud, J 100

Chedsey, Francis B 108

Corcoran, John J 105



Dwyer, Franklin P 104

Fisher, Louis G 106

Gifford, Robert W 104

Kennedy, John S 108

Martin, Edwin K 100

Ord, George J 106

Paillard, Alfred E 107

Rose, George L 101

Sinclair, Edmund E 107

Van Dolsen, John 109

Winslow, Francis A 101

LOWERRE.

Fire House 165

Landscape Avenue 164

Public School No. 13 164

RESIDENCES.

Cook, Frederick S 165

Sutherland, Spencer K 166

Waldron, Dr. Louis V 166

Watson, H. 163

CARYL.

Chick, Henry C 168

Cushman, Burritt A 167

Fairbanks, Ernest A 168

Harding, Walter E 167

Harriman 138, 139

Valley Farms 154, 155



STORES AND BUSINESS BUILDINGS.



Ash, Mrs. H. G

Borden's Condensed Milk Co

Bruce, George W

City Steam Laundry (Peene & David-
son)

Dee, M

Grant Building (J. T. Courtney,
owner)

Havey's Stables

Hays, Michael J

Houston, E. Alexander

Hunt, Edward R

Kott, Mrs. A

Mahoney & Flood.



Westchester Lighting Co 183



Marshall-Matheson Co 170

May, Charles F 173

McCann Building 175

New York Telephone Co. Building 171

Saunders Building 174

Shrive, William 173

Standard Oil Co 192

Stedman, Frank 176

Thompson. C. T 179

Thompson, W. H 181

Underbill, Edward 174

Weller, James H., & Sons 172

Welsh, William 172

Werner, Fred W 181



MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES.



Deane Plaster Co

National Sugar Refinery.
Otis Elevator Co



Smith, Alexander, & Sons, Carpet Co..

185, 186, 187
Waring Hat Manufacturing Co 188



GENERAL.

City Dock and Recreation Pavilion 4

Grassy Sprain Reservoir 14

Pastoral Scene, Leake & Watts Orphan House 117

The Hudson River from Ludlow Park 110

The Hudson River from the Residence of Hon. Frederick W. Holls 59

The Hudson River from the Residence of John E. Andrus 79

The Lake, Park Hill 102

The Palisades from the Lake Avenue Water Tower, Looking Northwest. 92
The Palisades from the Lake Avenue Water Tower, Looking Southwest. 93
The Palisades, opposite Ludlow Park 116



YONKERS REAL ESTATE AGENCIES.

Bellows & Warren. 20 Getty Square.

O. Borden Waring, 14 (Jetty Square.

William H. Richardson, opposite N. Y. Central Depot.

James S. Fitch, opposite N. Y. Central Depot.

Jenkins & Simpson, 3 Palisade Avenue.

Theodore R. Heinrichs Radford Building, Getty Square.

Albert K. Shipman, 51 Warburton Avenue.

Thomson & Johnson, 69 North Broadway.

Gaul & Bell, 32 North Broadway.

Garrison & Bechet, 5514 Warburton Avenue.

Whelan & Co., 34 North Broadway.

Kipp & Constable, 7 Wells Avenue.

Joseph W. Weller, 2 Highland Avenue.

C. H. P. Rich, S7 Main Street.

J. Prank Curran, 5 Dock Street.

John B. Hall, 4 Sunnyside Drive, Ludlow Park.

Walter B. Dixon, Yonkers Avenue, near N. Y. and Harlem R. R. Station.

PARK HILL.

American Real Estate Co.. T. R. Varick, Agent, Elevator Building. Park Hill.

LUDLOW PARK.

Michael Day, Agent for the Ludlow Estate. 2 Sunn,yside Drive.

VALLEY FARMS.

John R. Ayer, Agent. Dunwoodie Station, N. Y. & Putnam Railway.

HARRIMAN.

Harriman & Hawley, 30 Odell Avenue, Harriman.

LOWERRE.

Frederick A. Smith, opposite Lowerre Station.
George H. Lowerre, Jr., opposite Lowerre Station
Charles Merritt, 29 Lawrence Street.
Whelan & Co., 500 South



YONKERS

The city of Youkers is situated on tlic Ihulson Kiver, on whieh it lias a front-
age of four and one third miles. It adjoins ^■(•\v York city, and is bounded on the
east by the city of .Mount Vernon and tlie Bronx ]{iver. and on the north by the
town of Greenhurg. The area of the city is seventeen and one half square miles.
Manor Hall, Yonkcrs. is seventeen miles disl;iii1 fn.ni tlir Citv Hall, in Xrw York.

Y'onkrrs has many natural advantages, whirh ivndci' U |,iv,aninriil as a "(aty
of homes." The range of hills whn-h parallel the lln.ls..n are from three hundred
to four hundred feet above tide water, and are eovered with elegant residences,
surrounded by spacious grounds, the homes of many who are foremost in the com-
mercial life of the metropolis, and others who have achieved distinction in litera-
ture, art, and law.

The lesideiitial avenues are laid out one above the other, and command un-
obstrueted views of the Hudson and the Palisades. From the higher tlevations the
views extend southerly to Staten Island, northerly to Tappan Zee, and easterly to
Long Island Sound.

It is the most beautiful city adjacent to New York. It has all the re-
quirements of a well-conducted city, with good and well-kept streets and sewers;
macadamized highwavs, well-lighted and policed; an ample supply of pure water;
good fire protection, and unsurpassed schools. These, together with her clubs, so-
cieties, markets, and stores, help to make life in Y'onkers both a^eeaWe and safe.

Westihester Connty is the fifth in ])opulation in the State of New York, and
Yonkers is first both m jjopulation and wealth m the c.ninty.

The ambition of the Ameri(an to own Ins own home is an admirable trait,
and the object once achieved makes hi in a lietler citizen. It is to be hoped the day
is close at hand when this may be more fully attained; and where, it may well be
asked, is a more desirable ])laee to reside in than Yonkers?

The city administration during recent years has been unusually progressive
along advanced but safe lines, and the policy which has proved popular and benefi-
cent will continue to be demanded by the people in the future.

It is a modern city, practically without antiquities or prejudices, self-made,
with phenomenal growth due to her genius and enterprise, demonstrating what
may be accomplished in a municipality where progress and advancement are the
watchwords of its citizens.

Population and Growth

.\ccording to the last United States census, Yonkers had in June, 1900, a
population of 47,931, wHeh is an increase of 49.6 per cent, during the previous
ten years. The city is now growing at the rate of about 2,000 a year. Its location,
adjoining, as it does, the great metropolitan city of New Y'ork, insures its continual
increase in population and in wealth.



The following is a statement of the assessed valuation of real and personal
property for the past five years :

1897 $29,880,180

1898 33,867,854

1899 35,439,330

1 900 36,603,455

1901 38,129,215

The increase has been steady and constant, and free from startling booms liable
to sudden collapse. It shows a healthy and satisfactory growth, and every indication
points to its continuance.

Bonded Debt and City Property and Credit

The net bonded debt December 1, 1901, was $3,028,400.07. The city owns
waterworks, ]iiihlie buildings, parks, and docks to the value of $3,054,858, or
$26,457.93 more than the net bonded delit. The city's credit is first class, its 3^
per cent, bonds selling at a premium.

Attractiveness for Home Seekers or Capitalists

Youkers is a most attractive city for thrifty home seekers who want to locate
iu a thriving and prosperous siiburb of New York, where their property is likely to
increase in value, where their families may be surrounded by every safeguard for
health and every advantage for their education, and where they may enjoy the de-
lights of suburban life, together with the advantages of a city. The opportunity
for the capitalist seeking investment presents itself in many directions, as property,
either improved or undeveloped, awaits the shrewd and energetic operator. Each
of the many suburbs of this city possesses their individuality, appealing to people
seeking homes or investments in property, with a range of prices to meet any need.
Here may be found the palatial residence in spacious grounds, and the comfortable
cottage for the man of modest means; and lots, plots, and acres are to bo obtained
for development as desired at reasonable cost and fair terms.

The City's Healthfulness— Decreased Death Rate

The Board of Health is alive to the best interests of the city; its work is
most effectual, and the healthfulness of the city is made the subject of careful
study.

The general result of all the care and attention given to the sanitary require-
ments of the city is shown by the remarkably low death rate for the year 1901,
which was 15.61 per thousand of population. In 1892 the death rate was 21.10
per thousand, and the diflference is the best justification possible for the advanced
work undertaken by the city during recent years, which will be continued as rapidly
as prudence and sound finance will permit.

Railroad Facilities

The railroad facilities between New York and Yonkcrs are unsurpassed,
three lines of steam railroads passing through the city. The New York Central &
Hudson River Railroad, along the Hudson River front, has four stations; the New
York & Harlem Railroad, on the easterly side of the city, has five stations ; and the
New York & Putnam Railroad, starling at 155th Street, and running centrally



through the city, together with its Getty Square branch, has ten stations, making
a total of nineteen. The time from Yonkers to the Grand Central Station by the
Central-Hudson is but twenty-five minutes ; and from Getty Square to Eeetor Street,
via the New York & Putnam Railroad and Manhattan Eailway express service,
fifty-five minutes, which time will be materially reduced upon completion of the
electrical equipment of the Elevated Railways, now so close at hand.

Commutation between New York and Yonkers is but $5.10 a month, and
tickets are interchangeable on all three railroads. Passengers are allowed the
privilege of transferring at High Bridge or Morris Heights from the trains of the
Central-Hudson Railroad to the Putnam Railroad, or vice versa.

Travel between New York and Yonkers is not liable to ferryboat delay,
arising from fog or ice, as is the case with places on Long Island and in New
■Jersey.

Electric Railways

The Yonkers electric railways are owned and operated by the Union Railway
Company. It is now engaged in extending its lines throughout the large area of
the Seventh Ward, the suburban section of the city, and throughout Westchester
County. Connections are now in use, two to New York, and one each to Mount
Vernon, New Eochelle, Glen Island, White Plains, and Hastings. This combination
■of steam and electric roads affords ample transportation facilities to all sections of
the city at small cost, and should rapidly enhance the value of real estate in all
directions.

The recent extensions of the trolley system on Central Avenue, from the city
of New York northerly, and on Warburton Avenue to Hastings, and on the Sawmill
River and Tuckahoe Roads, have opened up large sections of the city, and will be
followed by rapid appreciations in values. The lines constructed in 1902 include
McLean Avenue, from Woodlawn Heights and Lincoln Park to South Broadway
■at Lowerre, and the effect of these extensions is felt in the increasing interest
manifested in real estate.

A general transfer system carries passengers all over the lines of the

■ company for one five-cent fare, while for eight cents one can travel by trolley from
the northern boundary of Yonkers south to Harlem, thence by the Manhattan
Elevated Railway to South Ferry, a distance of over twenty miles.

New Yorl< Rapid Transit Subway

The Rapid Transit Subway, now under construction at a cost of $3.5,000,000,
'is rapidly nearing completion; and the year 1903 will be made memorable by the
termination of the greatest civic improvement of modern history.

From the soiithern terminus in New York, at the City Hall, the tunnel will

■ extend centrally through the city. A four-track service with express trains for
through passengers is to be established, and the residents of Yonkers will then be

• enabled to step aboard a train at the lower end of Manhattan Island and, with a
transfer to the electric or steam railroad at Kingsbridge, reach any section of the
city with but one change of cars. The time now required to reach the Grand Cen-

-tral Station from lower New York will be very materially reduced.




Manor Hall (Euected 1682)




Dock axu Rf.chf.atkin Pa



steamboat Lines

There are three reguhir lines of steamhoats plyiiin- (lie waters of the Hudson
I!i\ei- stopping at Yonkers: the Albany Day Line, the Chrystenah, and the Ben
Friinlvliii Line. All carry passengers, and the last one carries freight also, at very
low rates.

It will thus be seen that few cities ai'ound Xew York have tlie transportation
advantages of Y.mkers. wiili iis three railmads and three steamboat lines.

City Dock and Recreation Pavilion

The most eonsjiicuous and creditable piece of public work recently con-
strueled ih the Itecrcation Tavilion. erected at a cost of $19,000. This has given
pleasure and (ippnH miiiie> lor IVe-h ,iir to thousands of our people, ami its erection
has beiui approved by a unaniiiiou- pulilic sentiment.

The Public Dock extends one hundred and eighty feet into ilu' ri\er. and is
a valuable city asset. The water is thirty feet deep at low tide, thu> providing an
easy and convenient landing for steaml)oats of any tonnage.

Manor Hall. Erected 1682

Manor Ilall was occupied as a jirivatc dwelling until 186S, when it passed
into the hands of the city, and has since been used as a City Hall. It was erected
in 1682 by Frederick Philipse, the first Lord of the :\lan(jr of PliiJipslnirg, and
remained in his family until 1TT9, when it was confiscated by the State, the Phil-
ipses being Tories.

This venerable relic is a splendid specimen of colonial architecture, with
its fireplaces, staircases, and papier-mache ceilings, in good order and of rare beauty.

It is one of the historic landmarks of our country ; is visited by many people
annually; and is valued by the citizens of Yonkers as their most [ireeious possession.

Soldiers' Monument

In Manor Hall Park is situated the beautiful Sobliers and .Sailors' Monu-
ment, erected in 1S91 at a cost of ten thousand dollars.

Streets

During the past seven years the streets and roads of Yonkers have been
reconstructed, and a system of highway improvements has been inaugurated. The
heavily traM'led steeper grade streets have been paved with granite; many of the
level residential and some of the more level business thoroughfares have been paved
with sheet asphalt, and the rest of the city has been improved with a superior
system of streets and roads. The extent of the work is as follows: (iranite, 2.05
miles; asphalt, 7 miles: macadam, 7(1 miles: total, 79.5.

Street Sprinkling

The streets are regularly spriidvletl at the general expense, the work being
under the Department of Pulilic Works, the city owning and operating the
sprinkling jilant.




Avenue, Looking So




Trees

Nothing adds more beauty to a city than fine shade trees, which abound along
the streets and avenues of Yonkers. The planting and care of shade trees is under
the supervision of the Department of Public Works, and is confined to the residential
thoroughfares.

5ewers

The built-up section of the city is thoroughly drained by a system of sewers
from one to six feet in diameter, discharging into the deep and swift waters of the
Hudson River, consisting of over thirty-six miles of the best modern sewer con-
struction. The system is being continually extended as needed.

City Refuse

The city's refuse is collected in sanitary iron carts and wagons, all garbage
and animal refuse being destroyed in a modern crematory. The city owns and
operates the crematory, also the plant for the collection of refuse and for street
cleaning.

Public Baths

Yonkers owns and operates two municipal hot and cold water bath houses,
which are open every day in the year, and were patronized during 1901 by 26,384
bathers. It was the first city in this country to enter this field of advanced municipal
activity, and its bath houses are used as nuxlels throughout the United States.




City B.vni N




Grant Park.




A Gkoit of Oaks. Grant Park.



Grant Park

The site of Grant Park was elioseu as almost tlw only one with large trees
left in thickly settled parts of the city, as well as for its high and excellent situa-
tion. The people of Park, St. Joseph's, and Vineyard Avenues, and the streets
leading from them, now have a pleasure ground and breathing space close to their
doors which cannot be diverted to private purposes or encroached upon by the
buildings of a growing population.

It having been sliown by two public meetings that public sentiment was
practically unanimous in favor of parks, a Park Commission was appointed by the
then ^layor, Hon. Leslie Sutherland, consisting of ex-]\Iayor James H. Weller
(President), Arthur J. Biiiiw. Mcrritt H. Smith. F.thcllicrt Kmbrec, and Frederick
A. Garnjost. On January I'.i. 1!I0(I. this (\)iuiiiisjion dctcrniined to offer prizes for
designs for the two parks, to be sent in by ilarch 1-1, I'.hhj.

The design adopted for Grant Park was made by II. A. t'a|iarn, and is in its
essentials very simjilc. A Ijroad path leads round thr Park I'm' those who wish
to saunter or rest in, not merely to cmss it. and eoniiminicaio with entrances at
four points where it has been found that c-ntrances are needed. The whole is so
arranged that the rotites across the I'ark in all necessary directions are nearly as
short as possible, so that there will be little temiitation to wear tracks across the
grass in order to pass from one point to another. The main entrance is placed at
Parker Street, as the point to which most of the traffic between Park and St.
Joseph's Avenues converges. It has fortunately been possible to satisfy all these
conditions and yet preserve the large central lawn entire; for on large expanses
of turf, undisfigured by roads or svtperfluous objects of any kind, depends the
dignified and reposeful effect of park scenery.

Various large stones have been spared as being of special geological interest


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