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History of the city of Denver, Arapahoe County, and Colorado : containing a history of the state of Colorado ... a condensed sketch of Arapahoe County ... a history of the city of Denver ... biographi online

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Online LibraryO.L. Baskin & Co. cnHistory of the city of Denver, Arapahoe County, and Colorado : containing a history of the state of Colorado ... a condensed sketch of Arapahoe County ... a history of the city of Denver ... biographi → online text (page 54 of 91)
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Hartford City Hospital for a like period, settling
in 1871 in Hartford, Conn., where he directed his
attention to diseases of the eye and to mechanical
surgery, but, attacked by pulmonary hemorrhage
in December, 1872, he went to Texas and Florida
to spend the winter and spring. In October, 1873,
he removed to Denver, where he has .specially
devoted him.self to the study of climate, spending
much time and care in gathering statistics relating
to climate and conssumption, and receiving com-
munications on this point, during the first year or
two, from 700 physicians in all parts of the United

States. Formerly a member of the Hartford City
Medical Society, he is now a member, since 1874,
of the Colorado State Medical Society, of which
he was Secretary in 1878. He has for four years
been a member, was one year Secretary, and is now
President, of the Denver Medical Association. He
was elected a member of the American Medical
Association in 1875, and appointed a member of
the Special Committee on the "Influence of the
Climate of Colorado on Pulmonary Diseases,"
reporting on behalf of the Committee in 1876. He
was delegate to the International ^Medical Congress
held in Philadelphia in 1876, to which he reported
on the " Influence of High Altitudes on the Prog-
ress of Phthisis." Besides the reports above
mentioned, his contributions to medical literature
include : " Colorado as a Health Resort in Winter,"
— Chicago Medical Examiner, January, 1874;
"The Extension Windlass," — New York Medical
Journal May,1875; "The Best Welfare of Invalids
seeking the Benefits of Climate, with Suggestions
for the Co-operation of Physicians, Life Insurance
Companies, etc.," 1875. But his principal efibrt
in a literary way is, " The Rocky Mountain
Health Resorts," an analytical study of high alti-
tudes with relation to the arrest of chronic pulmo-
nary diseases. This is an 8vo of nearly 200 pages,
just published by Houghton, Osgood & Co., of
Boston, Mass., a work calculated to supply a need
long felt by physicians as well as invalids through-
out the United States for statistical information of
this climate and its eff'ects. Besides the analysis of
the attributes of the Rocky Mountain and like
climates, the work contains descriptions of the vari-
ous health resorts and mineral springs (with anal-
yses of their waters'), the results of the experience
of many consumptives and asthmatics in Colorado
— as well as an elaborate " Climate Map of the
Eastern Slope of the Rocky Mountains," a " Chest
Examination Chart," chiefly designed for the use
of invalids, who could thereby learn in advance if
the high-altitude climate be suited to their needs.
The purpose of the book is to prevent invalids com-
ing for whom the climate is not suited, and to




give that large number assurance for whom
the high altitude will be decidedly restorative.
He was elected, in 1875, Coroner of Arapahoe
County, but his experience not creating a liking
for the office, he resigned. Dr. Denison was mar-
ried in Chicago, December 26, 1878, to Miss Ella
Strong, daughter of Gen. Henry Strong, of that

Mr. Decker was born in Seneca County, N. Y.,
April 22, 1839. In his early boyhood, he
attended school during the winter, and worked
on a farm through the summer. At fifteen, he
went to Ulster County, N. Y., and was engaged in
his father's dry-goods store for about one year. In
the fall of lS.5ti, he went to the Brockport Col-
legiate Institute, where he remained until the
spring of 1857. In the fall of the .same year, in
company with an old schoolmate, he went to Illi-
nois, and began teachini;- schnol in Coles County.
Was engaged in tliis pursuit until the spring of
1861. While teacliiuL;'. he [aiisued a course of law
studies. In the summer of 1862, he enlisted as a
private in Company I, One Hundred and Twenty-
Sixth Kegiment, New York Volunteers, and .served
in the ranks until the battle of Gettysburg, in
July, 1863. The first battle in which he was
engaged was that of Maryland Heights, Septem-
ber 13, 1862. On the 15th, he was, together
with the rest of the command under Col. Miles,
taken prisoner at Harper's Ferry. He was, how-
ever, soon paroled, and exchanged in December.
He was on duty with the forces that were guard-
ing the approaches to Washington, until the spring
of 1863, when his regiment joined the Second
Army Corps, commanded by Gen. Hancock, and
followed the rebel army into Maryland and
Pennsylvania. Was in the battle of Gettysburg,
Penn., from early morning, July 2, until the
evening of the 3d, when he was severely wounded.
In consequence of his injuries, he was confined
to the hospital at Trenton, N. J., for about
four months. Keturning to his regiment, he
found a commission as Second Lieutenant await-

ing him, and was assigned to duty with the Nine-
teenth United States Colored Infantry. His
regiment was attached to the Ninth Army Corps,
under Gen. Burnside, and was with the Army of
the Potomac in the memorable campaign from the
Rapidan to Petersburg, and engaged in many of
the fiercely fought battles. In June, 1864, he
was appointed Ordnance Officer of the Fourth
Division, Ninth Army Corps, and in that capacity
served successively on the staffs of Gens. Ferero,
Hartranft and HartsufF. After the surrender of
the Army of Northern Virginia, in the spring
of 1865, he was promoted to First Lieuten-
ant, and soon after was ordered to Brownsville,
Texas, where he served as Assistant Provo.st
Marshal until August, when he resigned his com-
mission, returned to New York, and, having
determined to continue his law studies, entered the
Law Department of the ^licliigan University, and
graduated therefrom in the spring of 1867, with
the degree of LL. B. His expenses while attend-
ing the University, exhausted his means with which
to commence the practice ; but, feeling that hard
work and attention to business were sure to win,
he opened an office in Kankakee, Illinois, and soon
obtained a very fair practice. In the summer of
1867, he was united in marriage to Miss Kate
Worden, of Seneca Falls, New York. They have
had three children, two of whom are now living.
In the fall of 1869, Mr. Decker was elected
County Judge of Kankakee County, 111., without
opposition, and served for a term of four years,
with credit to himself, and to the satisfaction of
the people. During the last two years of his term
of office as Judge, his health became seriously
impaired, and, in the fall of 1873, he came to
Colorado, in the hope of having his health
restored, and this hope was soon realized. He at
once commenced the practice of his profession,
and, by his energy and application to business,
took rank among the best lawyers of the State.
On the 12th of June, 1877, without solicitation
on his part, he was appointed United States Dis-
trict Attorney for Colorado. In the administration



of the duties of this office, he has served the
Government faithfully and ably ; and, while vig-
orously prosecuting cases on the part of the Gov-
ernment, he has always shown a just discrimina-
tion in such prosecutions between meritorious cases
and technical and unintentional violations of the
law. Judge Decker has taken an active part in
politics, having, in each of the State and National
campaigns, spoken in nearly all of the principal
towns of the State, and is considered a fluent and
forcible speaker. His maay sterling qualities,
energy, perseverance and honesty of purpose,
united with suavity of manner and a genial dis-
position, give him a high place both in his pro-
fession and in society.

Jacob Downing was born in Albany, N. Y.,
April 12, 1830; he was educated at the Albany
Academy. At the age of fourteen, he entered the
Albany City Bank, as clerk, of which Erastus
Corning was President. Remained there about
five years, during which time he spent his leis-
ure studying Greek, Latin and law. His eye-
sight becoming impaired, he was obliged to resign
his po.sition, and for two years traveled throughout
the Southern States and Mexico in search of health
and adventure. In 1851, his parents having
moved to Cleveland, Ohio, he made that place his
home for a time, taking occasional journeys through
Northern Ohio, Indiana, Michigan, Illinois, Wis-
consin, and the Canadas. In 1855, he concluded
to settle down in Chicago, but not finding occupa-
tion congenial to his taste, again started on a tour
of the Far West, and, after having visited Iowa,
3Iissouri, and Kansas Territory, and seen consider-
able of the Pawnees, Sioux, and other tribes of
Indians that were then powerful on the Plains, re-
turned to Chicago and devoted his time to the
study of law, with the firm of Ward & Stanford.
He remained here till the Pike's Peak excitement
of '59, which proved too great for his adventurous
spirit to resist, so he cast his fortunes with the
great numbers that were traveling to that wonder-

ful spot, and started toward the great Rocky
Mountains. He spent some time in and about
Mountain City, and then took up his residence in
the city of Auraria, since called Denver.

The times were turbulent, and the citizens were
taxed to their utmost to maintain a peaceful state
of affairs. Murders, duels'and general lawlessness
kept the people constantly excited. A vigilance
committee was inaugurated, and their summary
operations soon restored a quiet and serenity which
encouraged the settlers to look forward to civiliza-
tion and prosperity. In the fall of 1860, he was
active in inaugurating a municipal government, and
was elected Judge of the JMunicipal Court, called
the Court of Common Pleas, with almost unlimited
jurisdiction. He sent the first man to the chain-
gang ever sentenced in Denver, which was followed
by many other convictions, and in a short time it
became an orderly and well-behaved community.
He issued the warrant and sentenced Park Mc-
Clure — who was then Postmaster — for a deadly
assault on Professor Goldriek, which created great
excitement at the time, as McClure had the reputa-
tion of being a very desperate man.

At the breaking-out of the civil war, he raised
a company of volunteers, composed mostly of
hardy miners, and joined the First Regiment Col-
orado Cavalry. Was engaged in the famous battle
of Apache Caiion, of March 26, 1862, and also in
the battle of Pigeon's Ranche, two days after, where
for hours he sustained the hardest of the fight,
losing forty-two out of eighty men. Here he won
his promotion as Major, and it was conceded by all
that he richly earned the greatest laurels of the
battle. He was afterward in the battle of Peralto
under Gen. Canby. At Camp Val Verde, he
was ordered to take four companies of Colorado
Volunteers and march to Mesilla and hold the
position while Gen. Carlton crossed ft-om Cali-
fornia with his column, after which he was ordered
to attend a court martial at Pulvedero, to try
officers and privates. Being relieved, he returned
to Colorado, via Santa F6, Fort Union, etc. At
Fort Lyon he was ordered to take command of Fort



Lamed, Kansas, where he had a varied experience
with the Kiowas, Apaches, Comanches, Arapahoes,
Cheyennes and Sioux Indians. When relieved,
was highly complimented by Maj. Gen. Curtis
for the able manner in which he had managed the
Indians, having, with only 150 men, protected 2-iO
miles of the Arkansas route without losing a sol-
dier or having a white person killed. Maj. Down-
ing was appointed Assistant Inspector General, to
inspect Camp Fillmore, Fort Lyon, Camp Wyn-
koop, Fort Garland, Gaudaloupe, Fort Larimer,
Fort Halleck, Camp Collins, Camp Sanburn and
Camp Weld. These points embraced a then unin-
habited region of about five hundred miles square.
Seldom taking an escort, he had many thrilling
and sometimes amusing adventures. When, in the
spring of 1864, the Indians commenced killing
people along the Platte River, he was ordered by
Col. Chivington, then commanding the District of
Colorado, to take what men could be spared from
Camp Sanburn and pursue the Indians. After
two weeks' hard riding they were found at Cedar
CaBon, forty miles north of American Branch,
which was located about 140 miles down the Platte.
They were attacked at daybreak, and, after several
hours of fierce fighting, in a hand-to-hand encoun-
ter, thirty-eight of them were killed, a large num-
ber wounded, 650 ponies captured and their village
destroyed. Afterward, being ordered to the States
to attend a court martial, he returned in 1864 in
time to join Col. Chivington at Camp Fillmore,
en route to Sand Creek, where, as 3Iaj. Downing
expressed it, they " made a gTeat many ffood Indi-
ans," and although much odium has been cast
upon the men who participated in this fight, yet
he thinks history will sustain him in asserting that
the re.sult has been the most beneficial and perma-
nent of anything of the kind ever accomplished.
After Sand Creek, the pursuit was continued after
the Kiowas, but without success. Returning to
Denver, Maj. Downing was soon after mustered
out. A commission was convened to try Col. Chiv-
ington for the Sand Creek massacre, and Maj.
Downing had the honor of defending him, and the

pleasure of .seeing him acquitted. In 1867, the
subject of our sketch was elected Probate Judge of
Arapahoe County, and on the expiration of his
term of ofiice engaged in raising blooded cattle and
horses. He had a ranche or farm about five miles ft'om
Denver, comprising about 2,000 acres of the richest
land, and commanding one of the finest views of
Denver, the valley of the Platte and the mount-
ains that can possibly be found. He was married
at Glen Falls, N. Y., on November 1, 1871, to
Miss Caroline E. Roseerans. She was was edu-
cated at the celebrated female seminary of Mrs.
Emma Willard, at Troy, N. Y., and is nearly re-
lated to Judge Enoch H. Roseerans, of New York,
and to Gen. William S. Roseerans, of the United
States Army. Although Judge Downing and his
wife spend much of then- time on their beautiful
farm, yet he is too fond of politics and excitement
to remain entirely inactive. He is, therefore, occa-
sionally seen in political circles as an ardent sup-
porter of some fi'iend, or the bitter antagonist of an

To the early settlers of Denver, the name of M.
M. De Lano is familiar, and he is remembered as
one of the most active representative men of the
Territory fifteen or twenty years ago. For the
past ten years, he has filled the office of United
States Consul at Foo Chow, China, where, by his
wisdom and prudence, he reflects gi-eat credit upon
the government which he represents, and com-
mands the respect and confidence of all with whom
he comes in contact, either socially or in his official
capacity. Jlr. De Lano was born in Allegany
Co., N. Y., in 1827. In 1848, he followed his
father's family to the then Territory of Wisconsin,
where, on reaching his majority, he was elected to
a responsible office in his township. Durmg the
five years previous to 1857, he was engaged in
business which affiorded him an opportunity to
travel in the Western States and Territories, visit-
ing the Territory of Kansas, where he had fre-
quent opportunities of witnessing the manipulation
of Kansas afi'airs by the "Border Ruffians." His





business engagements alone prevented him from
settling in the new Territory, and taking a hand
with the Free State party. In 1857, Mr. De
Lanii, then a widower, married his second wife,
and resided, until 1860, in Rock Island and Chi-
cago. Coming to Colorado in the spring of I860)
he engaged, the following autumn, in the commis-
sion business. In the fall of 1861, Gov. Gilpin
appdinted him to the office of Territorial Auditor,
which office he filled with great credit until the
appointment of his successor by Gov. Evans, in
1864. To Mr. DeLano as Auditor, and George
E. Clark, Esq., as Territorial Treasurer, belongs
the credit of organizing the Treasury Department
of the Territory ; and by their judicious manage-
ment, the scrip (Auditor's warrants) issued to
cover the salaries of Tia-iitoi-ial dtticers, and to
meet the incidental expenses of the Territory,
during their term of office, were made worth their
face in United States Treasury notes. In the
spring of 1865, he became the purchaser of large
tracts of pine lands in what is now Douglas and
Elbert Counties, together with two steam mills,
and engaged extensively in the manufacture of
lumber, supplying several military posts with that
needful article. Mr. De Lano held the office of
Alderman and Mayor of the city, his administra-
tion of the municipal government proving most
acceptable ; so much so that he was called upon to
fill the office for two successive terms. The fire
department was organized under his direction, and
other public measures inaugurated. He amassed a
snug fortune, but through the general depression
of business, the decline in values, and the depreda-
tions of Indians, he lost heavily, and despairing of
change for the better, he, in the .spring of 1879,
sought appointment to a Federal office, and was
appointed by President Grant to his present office
of United States Consul at Foo Chow, China — the
second port in the empire in population and busi-
ness importance. It being a provincial capital, he
is brought into official contact with the high pro-
vincial officers, such as the Viceroy, the Governor,
the General-in-Chief of the provincial army, etc.

He has taken much interest in the missionary
work of the American M. E. Society, and by his
good offices has enabled our missionaries to pene-
trate far into the interior of the province, and
establish friendly relations with the people, as well
as churches in their midst. Our consular service
abroad has no better representative, in every re-
spect, than M. M. De Lano.

Mr. Davis, of Denver, was born at Hanley, Staf-
ordshire, England, Dec. 13, 1848. He received a
good common-school education, and at fifteen years
of age entered upon an apprenticeship in a crock-
ery manufactory, serving about two years, when
his father bviilt an establishment for the manufact-
ure of queensware and placed it under the man-
agement of his two sons, John H. and James ; the
former assumed the superintendence of the manu-
factory, and James came to the United States to
dispose of the wares. He made his headquarters
at New York City, and, until 1873, they manu-
factured and shipped large quantities of crockery
and queensware, to accomplish the sale of which
Mr. Davis traveled through every State in the
Union ; but at this time his lungs became so af-
fected that he was compelled to give up his busi-
ness, and, in search of relief, came to Denver in
October, 1873. He recuperated for about a year,
when he had made such rapid improvement that
he concluded that he could again endure the damp
climate of his native country, and returned to
England, but, in eighteen months' time, his health
again gave way, and he immediately sold out his
home and business and, for the ninth time, crossed
the Atlantic Ocean, and at once came to Colorado,
where he could enjoy health. He settled in Den-
ver, and, for a few months, assisted the City Engi-
neer, after which he went to clerking in a commis-
sion house, which resulted in his originating and
entering the firm of L. Russell & Co., commission
merchants, of which firm he is still a member.
They have a house in Denver, one at the end of
the South Park Railroad, and another at Lead-


ville, and are also extensively engaged in forward-
ing freight between Denver and Leadville.

The Clerk of the Supreme Court of Colorado was
born in Ogdensburg, N. Y., July 22, 1841. When
he was about five years of age his parents removed
to Winnebago County, Wis., and in 1852, to Chi-
cago. He was educated in the public schools of
that city, and, on the breaking-out of the war of
the rebellion, in 1861, he enlisted in the Thirteenth
Illinois Cavalry, as Corporal in Company F,
and from that time until the close of the war he
was constantly engaged in arduous and active
duty, being for the most part engaged in scouting
service. Among the engagements in which he
participated, we will only mention the capture of
Little Kock, Ark. He was made Sergeant Major
in 1863, was promoted to First Lieutenant in
1864, and to Captain the same year. In the win-
ter of 1864-65, he was Adjutant General of the
Third Cavalry Brigade, Seventh Army Corps, and
in the spring of 1865, was ordnance oiEcer at Pine
Bluffs, Ark. From then, till the close of the war, he
served as aide-de-camp on the staff of Gen. Paul
Clayton. He was mustered out of the service in
October, 1865. In 1867, he was appointed Adju-
tant General of the State of Arkansas, by General
Clayton, then Governor of that State, and held
that office until 1871, when he removed to Colo-
rado, settling in Colorado Springs, where he
resided until 1874. He was then appointed Reg-
ister of the Land Office at Pueblo, remaining there
three years. On the 1st of January, 1877, he
received the appointment as Clerk of the Supreme
Court of the State, which position he has contin-
ued to fill in a highly creditable and acceptable
manner, to the present time.

Mr. Duhamel was born near Montreal, Can-
ada, where he lived until he was eighteen years
of age, when he went to Iowa, where he fol-
lowed farming for a year and a half From there

he went to Minnesota, where he bought furs of
the Sioux Indians for nearly a year, and then
bought a horse and came to Colorado. He
bought a form on the Platte, eighteen miles
below Denver, on which he lived four years,
and then, in 1864, sold out and removed to
Wyoming Territory, wIkivIic iciiiiiincil twd years,
employed as a contruit.n-. in liiriii>liiii- hay iWrtlu-
Government. At the i-.\|.ir;itiiin uf this cnutrart.
he returned to Colorad.j and re-purchased his old
farm, on which he still lives. He was married in
1871, and has five children.

Thomas Dickson, an enterprising farmer of Arap-
pahoe County, was born in County Armagh,
Ireland, in 1827. When eighteen years of age,
he came to America, settling first in Canada,
whore he engaged in forming fur a time, and
afterward engaged in the hotel business, which
lie continued for about eight years. He was
married near Toronto, in 1850, to Miss Mar-
garet Willis. In 1865, he removed to Iowa,
and again engaged in farming, which he continued
six years, and then came to Colorado, locating first
at Evans, where he remained two years, and then
bought a farm, near Island Station, in this county,
on to which he moved and where he has since lived.
Sir. Dickson takes great pride in raising fine horses,
owning some of the best blooded stock in the


Thomas Donelson, one of the early pioneers
of Colorado, having come to the Territory in the
spring of 1859, is a native of Champaign County,
Ohio, and was born June 20, 1824. While yet
a boy, his father, who was a farmer, removed
to Coles County, 111., where Mr. Donelson spent
fifteen years, receiving such education as could
be picked up from a country school, in the winter,
and working on the farm in summer. From
there he went to Platteville, Wis., where he
worked in the lead mines, and farmed until he
came to Colorado. He spent one season mining.



first on the South Boulder, and then on the
Missouri Flats, after which he went back to
Wisconsin and spent the winter, returning, with
his family, to Colorado, in the spring of 1860.
In the fall of 1861, he moved on to his ranche on
the Platte, seventeen miles below Denver, where he
still lives.


In the richest camps, there are thousands who
fail where one succeeds, and happy is he who, hav-
ing given the lottery an equal chance, withdraws
from the game while yet the vital energies are not
entirely wasted in the mad pursuit of sudden
wealth. When the miner turns his back upon the
seductive hill where in his fancy are stored fabu-
lous treasures of gold and silver, awaiting only the
steady and persistent stroke of the pick to disclose,
and, with strength and courage unimpaired, takes
up the instruments of honest toil to which his
education and training have fitted him, one may
safely predict that his career will be attended with

Online LibraryO.L. Baskin & Co. cnHistory of the city of Denver, Arapahoe County, and Colorado : containing a history of the state of Colorado ... a condensed sketch of Arapahoe County ... a history of the city of Denver ... biographi → online text (page 54 of 91)