Oliver Ayer Roberts.

History of the Military Company of the Massachusetts, now called, the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company of Massachusetts. 1637-1888 (Volume 3) online

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THE NEW YORK

PUBLIC LIBRARY.



ASTOR. LENOX AND
TILDEN FOUNDATIONS.





■s,.




•^






O



Z)

O
X




HISTORY



The Military Company of tlie Massacliiisetts



NOW CALLED



Tk Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company

of Massachusetts.



16^7-1888.



By OLIVER AVER ROBERTS,



HISTORIAN OF THE COMPANY.



VOLUME III.— 1822-1865.



BOSTON:

ALFRED MUDGE & SON, PRINTERS,

24 Franklin Street.

1898.



iTHE NEW YORK

PUBLICLIBRARY

124251

ASTOR, LENOX »ND
TILDEN FOUN04T1ONS.

R 1899 »■



« ^ .* • • .s ■



THIS VOLUME

IS DEDICATED TO THE

^ctwcrx;i) of

OUR FORMER COMRADES IN ARMS,

THE LIVING AND THE DEAD,

WHO, IN THE YEARS OF THE REBELLION, FOUGHT TO MAINTAIN
THE INTEGRITY OF THE REPUBLIC.



'The hopes, the fears, the blood, the tears,

That marked the bitter strife,

Are now all crowned with victory

That saved the nation's life."



ARMORY OF THE ANCIENT AND HONORABLE. ARTILLERY COMPANY

of massachusetts.

Faneuil Hall,
Boston, May 12, 1898.

To the Members of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company of Massachusetts :

The Committee on Military Museum and Library have now the pleasure of pre-
senting the third volume of the History of the Company, which covers a period of forty-
three years — 1822-65 inclusive. It is expected that the fourth volume, covering the
period from 1866 to 1888, will be issued prior to the anniversary of 1899.



EDWARD WYMAN, Chairman.
HENRY WALKER.
ALBERT ALONZO FOLSOM.
GEORGE HENRY ALLEN.
WILLIAM PARKER JONES.



WILLIAM LITHGOW WILLEY, Secretary.



DESCRIPTION OF THE FRONTISPIECE.

At the earliest period ol our local history there were three localities, called Winni-
simmet, Runiney Marsh, and Pullen Point, all contiguous, and also adjacent to the town
of Boston. These localities, by orders of the General Court, became in due time
parts of Boston. In September, 1634, it was ordered by the Court "that Wynetsem
shall belonge to Boston, and to be accompted as pte of that towne," and on the 25 th
of September, 1634, it was also ordered "that Boston shall haue inlargemt att Mount
Wooliston and Runney Masshe." This union continued until Jan. 8, 1738-9, when the
three localities named were taken from Boston and erected into a town, which was
called Chelsea.

Soon after Dec. 18, 1637, great allotments of land in these localities were made to
sundry citizens of Boston. The enumeration of the allotments is given in the Second
Report of the Record Commissioners, Boston Records, beginning on page 27. Among
the principal grantees of lands at Rumney Marsh were Henry Vane, two hundred acres,
since known as the Fenno Farm ; John Winthrop the elder, one hundred and fifty acres,
since known as the Newgate or Yeamans Farm ; John Cogan (1638), Robert Harding
(1637), John Odlin (1638), etc. The tenth allotment — three hundred and fourteen
acres — was made to Capt. Robert Keayne (1637). This allotment is known in our day
as the "Squires Farm." It was the beginning of what became, as surveyed Feb. 10,
1687, by Philip Welles, the two farms of Capt. Keayne (1637), viz., "the great farm,"
eight hundred and seven and one half acres, and " the little farm," one hundred and
one quarter acres.

The large farm, eight hundred and seven and a half acres, was the tract in Revere
which lies " northerly of Maiden Street, easterly of Maiden [street] ; southerly of Pines
River and westerly of the westerly line of B. H. Dewing's estate. It did not come out to
the Salem Turnpike."

The little farm was the original allotment of John Sanford, afterward governor of
Rhode Island. Col. Nicholas Paige (1693) sold this farm to Gov. Joseph Dudley
(1677), Feb. 2, 1703-4. Lib. 21, fol. 410.

The two farms were not adjacent, being separated by a strip of land fifty-six rods
wide, running east and west.

Plans of Capt. Keayne's (1637) estates are in the secretary of State's ofifice. Vol.
I., page 132, and Vol. IV., page 28.

These allotments soon became improved farms, for it was early in 1640 that in the
church at Boston " a motion was made by such as have farms at Runney Marsh, that
our Brother Oliver [1637] may be sent to instruct their servants and to be a help to



VI



FRONTISPIECE.



them, because they cannot many times come hither, nor sometimes to Lynn, and some-
times nowhere at all." ^

These citizens of Boston named above did not make their permanent residences
at Rumney Marsh, but some of them certainly erected large houses for the managers of
the farms with their families, and the laborers. Robert Keayne (1637) retained his
permanent residence on the corner of the present Washington and State streets, Boston,
but he erected a farmhouse on his land at Rumney Marsh, and had his own private
room therein. In his will he names William Ffavor, " sometime my servant," and Alice
his wife, "also my servant"; Robert Rand, "my servant"; James Pemerton and his
wife, " sometimes my servant & now partner with me at my ffarme," desiring him to do
the best he can at the farm, and " to be assistant " to Mrs. Keayne and Benjamin
Keayne (1638) ; also he names three negro servants. To each of the above he makes
bequests. Mr. Pemerton was doubtless the manager of the farm, and resided in the
house which Capt. Keayne (1637) erected. The frontispiece is a picture of the house
erected on the Keayne farm. The year of its erection is unknown, but it was doubtless
built prior to 1650.

Diagram i . — Ground floor.







<9


8


^


5








1


3


1


\








4






t


1





1 . Parlor.

2. Sitting room.

3. Front hall.

4. Porch.



5. Stairs. 7-3-7 steps.
6 and 7. Fireplaces.
8. Large kitchen,
g. Small kitchen.



Martha Hobbs, wife of Nathaniel Oliver, Jr. (1701), was in some way related to the
family of Nicholas Paige (1693). She inherited Irom Col. Paige (1693) and his wife,
Anne Keayne, the Keayne estate at Rumney Marsh. She was executrix of that will.
Nathaniel Oliver, Jr. (1701), was first a merchant in Boston, l)ut failed in business, and
became a school teacher at Runmey Marsh. It is said that prior to 1750 he kept a



Savage's Winthrop, Vol. 1., p. 395.



FRONTISriECE.



VII



private school in the Keayne house, and prepared young men for Harvard College.
He was a great grandfather of Gen. Henry K. Oliver (1837). Lieut. Nathaniel Oliver,
Jr. (1701), died in the Keayne house in 1769.

Martha (Hobbs) Oliver made oath before Samuel Sewall (1720), judge of probate,
Oct. I, 1 718, that there were on the Keayne farm at that date, one hundred and twenty
sheep, forty-four cattle, twelve swine, and two horses, all valued at one hundred and
ninety-one pounds ten shillings, and silver and gold in the house valued at two hundred
and sixty pounds. The entire personal estate was inventoried at six hundred and
seventy-six pounds four shillings.

The farmhouse faced the south, and was situated near what was called the " Old
Salem Turnpike," or on what is now called Maiden Street, which runs from Broadway in
Revere to Maiden. The house was taken down in 1881, and a new residence was
erected on its site by Mr. John P. Squire.

The farmhouse of Capt. Keayne (1637) was about eighteen feet by thirty-eight,' and
on the northwest there was an addition about thirteen feet by twenty ; on the front was
a porch ten feet square, with shed roof. From the inventory of the estate of Col.
Nicholas Paige (1693), presented to Samuel Sewall (1720), Judge of Probate, Oct.
II, 1718, we are enabled to construct and designate the rooms in the house. The
construction is confirmed by Mr. A. H. Kimball, who was born in the house about fifty
years ago.

Diagram 2. — Second floor.









10


<?


>

1


i 6


\

2


t









3




4







1 . Parlor chamber.

2. Best chamber.

3. Hallway.

4. Porch chamber.



5 and 6. Closets.
7 and 8. Fireplaces.
g. Large kitchen chamber.
10. Small kitchen chamber.



Saddle room over chambers 9 and 10.

Capt. Keayne (1637) speaks in his will of a room in the farmhouse which he retained
for his private use. It had in it a closet wherein he locked books containing farm



' Estimated by Mr. Kimball.



VIII FRONTISPIECE.

accounts, etc. That room was doubtless Room i, on the second floor, — the parlor
chamber, — for that closet (5) door, and the only one in the house, was supplied with a
lock. The front porch was removed prior to the taking of the picture.

The only remains of the old farmhouse are a flat rock doorstep which does duty yet
at the back door of Mr. Squire's residence, a red stepping-stone once in front of the
house, and the knocker from the front door, the last-named being in the possession of
Mr. A. H. Kimball, of Arlington Heights.

Not far from the site of the Keayne house, on Maple Street, is a brook, forming
one boundary of Keayne's farm, and was called " Bride's Brook," and the bridge " Bride's
Bridge." They were also called " Keayne's Brook" and " Keayne's Bridge."

The Artillery Company is under great obligations to Capt. Albert A. Folsom (1867),
by whose zealous researches the original photograph from which the frontispiece is made
was discovered.

OLIVER A. ROBERTS.



PREFACE,



'T^HE third volume of the history of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company
-*■ is herewith presented, trusting it will be received with the same kind considera-
tion which greeted the preceding volumes. It has been compiled upon the same
general plan as the first and second volumes, and covers a period of forty-four
years, — 1822-1865.

This volume commences with the incorporation of the city of Boston, and closes
with the restoration of national peace. Both were memorable events in our local
history. The former, though not unanimously approved, had the cordial support of
"the most intelligent and experienced citizens" of Boston, and was an important
step toward a greater municipal influence and prosperity. The latter marked the
collapse of an ill-born Rebellion. Eighteen hundred and sixty-five was a year of
victory, gladness, and peace. The streets were lined with loving friends welcoming
the survivors of the war, who, with bronzed faces, soldierly step, and battle-rent
banners, returned to the homes of their boyhood. The home-call was pleasanter
than the din of war.

" Come home, ye veterans, welcome, welcome home !

'Come,' said the lips of mothers and of wives;
The children's voices echoed ' Come ! '

We thank the God of Battles for your lives;
And now the morning dawning on the night
Breaks on the future beautiful and bright." '

Both these events were of great interest to all citizens, and are appropriate years for
the beginning and ending of this volume.

It is a source of regret, however, that all the sketches of members of the
Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company, from 1822 to 1S65 inclusive, which have
been received, are not included in this volume. Some sketches have been long
delayed, and were not received in season to be inserted in their appropriate places.
This accounts for the fact that this volume is somewhat smaller than those preceding

' Quoted from the address of Capt. Fox (1855) at the annual dinner of the Artillery Company,
June 5, 1S65.



X PREFACE.

it. The unpublished sketches will, however, be copied into an interleaved volume
of the history, which will be placed in the archives of the Artillery Company.

The annual records of the Company are continued in this volume. The original
records contain very much of a routine character, and matters of business not of
public interest; but all important facts, which seemed to be necessary for a faithful-
portraiture of the Company's history, are utilized in the following pages.

The author would express his obligation to many who have assisted in the
gathering of materials for this volume. Those heretofore mentioned are entitled to
repeated gratitude, especially Mr. William P. Greenlaw, of the New England Historic,
Genealogical Society. The long services in the Company of Capt. Albert A. Folsom
(1867) and Lieut. George H. Allen (1857), and their extensive acquaintance with
the members of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company, have enabled them
to render valuable assistance, for which thanks are thus gladly expressed.

The index is arranged as those in the preceding volumes. The first number
following each name is the principal reference.

The undersigned sincerely hopes that the following pages may tend to keep in
the grateful memory of the Company the names and deeds of those who for nearly
half a century supported, with unswerving loyalty, the flags of the Artillery Company
and of the Commonwealth.



OLIVER A. ROBERTS.



Patriots' Day, 1898.
Melrose, Mass.



ILLUSTRATIONS.



Frontispiece — The Farm-house of Capt. Robert K

Portrait — Theodore I.vman, Jr. (1820)

Portrait — Daniel L. GinnENs (iSio)

Portrait — Martin Brimmer (1S20)

Portrait — Thomas Hunting (1S16)

Portrait — Josiah Quincv, Jr. (1S23)

Portrait — Parker H. Pierce (18. '4)

Portrait — Judah Alden (1830)

Portrait — John S. Tyler (1822) .

Portrait — Edward G. Prescott (1831)

Portrait — Thomas Davis (1828) .

Portrait — Samuel Chandler (1827)

Portrait — Amasa G. Smith (1828)

Portrait — Louis Dennis (1822)

Portrait — Charles A. Maco.mber (1833)

Portrait — Appleton Howe (1838)

Portrait — Ebenezer W. Stone (1830)

Portrait — Abraham Edwards (1822) .

Portrait — Newell A. Thompson (1835)

Portrait — Henry K. Oliver (1837)

Portrait — George Tyler Bigelow (1843)

Portrait — Francis Brinley (1828)

Portrait — Isaac Hull Wright (1847) ■

Portrait — Caleb Cushing (1851; .

Portrait — John C. Park (1829) .

Portrait — George P. Sanger (1854)

Portrait — Moses G. Cobb (1855 > .

Portrait — Marshall P. Wilder (1828)

Portrait — Thomas E. Chickering (1845)

Portrait — Joseph Andrews (1844)

Portrait — Jonas H. French (1852)

Portrait — Edwin C. Bailey (.1858)

Portrait — Robert Cowdin (1837)

Portrait — James A. Fox ("1855) .

Portrait — Joseph L. Henshaw (1843)



AVNE (1637).



facing page 2


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52


7


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7


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• 133


" 141


" 149


" •' 154


" •' 156


" '59


" •• .63


" 175


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" " 200


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" 219


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'^ 261


" " 270


'• 277


" 309


" 360


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' 379


" " 387


" 398



HISTORY



Military Companv of the Massachusetts



NOW CAI.I.KI)



The Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company

of Massachusetts.



'T'HF' town of Boston became the city of Boston in 1822. In January of tliat year,
■*• the subject of a change in the form of government was again brought to the
attention of the inhabitants of the town at a special meeting held in Faneuil Hall,
when a committee reported recommending a new order of things.

After several amendments, the report was adopted by a majority of six hundred
and forty votes, in a total vote of four thousand eight hundred and fourteen, .i^ppli-
cation was, therefore, made to the Legislature for an act of incorporation, which was
favorably considered by that body, and, Feb. 23, 1822, the governor — a member of
the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company — approved "an act establishing the
city of Boston." March 4, 1822, the freeholders and inhabitants of the town gathered
again in Faneuil Hall, and decided, by a majority of nine hundred and sixteen votes
in a total of four thousand six hundred and sixty-eight, that they would accept the
charter granted by the Legislature. May i, 1822, the new city government was
organized in Faneuil Hall. Four members of the board of aldermen, ten members
of the common council, and the clerk of the latter body, were members of the Ancient
and Honorable Artillery Company.

Though a matter of great concern to the people, yet the change was effected
without display. The chairman of the board of selectmen delivered into the charge of
the new authorities the town records, title deeds, and the city charter inclosed in a silver
case. The town government under which Boston had existed for nearly two hundred
years, under which it had flourished and acquired an imperishable fame for energy,
thrift, order, and patriotism, ceased ; but the characteristics of her people did not
change. The new government, by its chartered privileges, was equal to the new pros-
perity, to enlarged area, flourishing business, and increased wealth. LTnder the new
form of government, in due time, energy waxed stronger, thrift more vigorous, order
continued, and patriotism wrote pages upon the Spartan valor of the sons of Boston.

The connection of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company with the town
and city of Boston has been continuous and intimate. Their success and sorrow, their
interests and hopes, have been strongly interwoven. During the two hundred and fifty-
nine years of the existence of the Company, it has been composed chiefly of citizens of
Boston. The Company has ever been mindful of the cordial support and regard of both
the town and the city, and it has also been mindful to maintain the deserved good
names of both the former town and the present city of Boston.



2 HISTORY OF THE ANCIENT AND [1822

On account of these relations, it seemed appropriate that this, the third volume
of the history of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company, should begin with the
incorporation of the city of Boston — 1S22.



p. The officers of the Artillery Company elected in 1822 were : Theodore

\Qj!i^, I.yman, jr. (1820), captain; Lusher Gay (1814), first lieutenant; Nathaniel
Richards, Jr- (1816), second lieutenant; Samuel H. Parker (1820), ensign.
Benjamin Darling (1820) was first sergeant; Benjamin M. Nevers (1818), second
sergeant; Brewster Reynolds (1821), third sergeant; Nathan Hobbs (1821), fourth
sergeant; John F. Banister (1821), first corporal; Samuel Doggett (1S21), second cor-
poral; Amos B. Parker (1822), third corporal; Robert Robinson (1821 ), fourth corporal;
Jacob Hall (1802), treasurer; Henry H. Huggeford (1822), clerk, and David W.
Bradlee, Esq. (1811), armorer.

The members of the Artillery Company recruited in 1822 were : Francis Alden,
Tosiah L. C. Amee, Jacob H. Bates, Joshua C. Bates, Daniel N. Breed, Reuben Carver, Jr.,
Asa Clark, Daniel T. Curtis, Louis Dennis, William A. Dickerman, Abraham Edwards,
Charles Everett, Eddy Fairbanks, John Farrie, Jr., Francis B. Fay, William L. Foster,
Sumner Fuller, James Garland, Russell Glover, Daniel Goodenow, Amos H. Haskell,
Daniel Hastings, 2d, Samuel Hobbs, Genet Holbrook, Josiah W. Homes, Charles
Hubbard, Henry H. Huggeford, Samuel Jacques, George Johnson, Henry S. Kent,
Elisha King, Elias Kingsley, Samuel Learned, Daniel Messinger, Jr., Ebenezer Neal,
Amos B. Parker, John H. Pearson, Otis B. Prescott, John Ruggles, James Sharp, William
L. Smith, Marshall B. Spring, Elisha Stratton, Nicholas Tower, John S. Tyler, Reuben
Vose, Calvin Washburn.

Francis Alden { 1S22), innkeeper, of Dedham, son of Amasa and Martha (Daven-
port) Alden, was born Jan. 21, 1793. He married Sarah S. Crehore, May 7, 1818, who
died Sept. 6, 1866. His inn was a favorite resort of the militia, of which he was an
honored member. He was honorably discharged from the Artillery Company, March
31, 1828. Capt. Alden (1822) died March 17, 1875.

Josiah L. C. Amee (1822), sailmaker, of Boston, was born in Boston in 1800, and
died in Boston, Feb. 4, 1867, aged sixty-seven years. In early life he was a sailmaker,
which was his father's occupation. He entered the militia of Massachusetts as a private
about 1820. He passed through the various grades, becoming lieutenant in 1822,
captain in 1823, major in 1828, lieutenant-colonel in 1831, and colonel of the Third
Regiment, Third Brigade, First Division, M. V. M., in 1834 and 1835. He held the
position of brigadier-general commanding that brigade in 1836 and 1837. He received
the Masonic degrees in Columbian Lodge in 1825.

In 1861, he was appointed chief of police of the city of ISoston, and held that office
two years. During the two or three latest years of the war he was in the United States
service ; held the position of quartermaster, and was attached to Gen. Sheridan's
command. He was a member of the common council of the city of Boston in 1834,
1839, and 1840, and at one time he held office in the Boston Custom House. He was
first lieutenant of the Artillery Company in 1835.



-1 ■ _. I'ORK'

ASTOR, LENOX AND
TH^orM FOUNDATION'S.



i822] HONORABLE ARTILLERY COMPANY. 3

Jacob H. Bates (1822), of Cambridge, son of Alpheus and Elizabeth Bates, was
born April iS, 1789. He married. May 15, 1814, Nabby L. Waterman. He was a
member of the Masonic Fraternity, uniting with Amicable Lodge, of Cambridge, in
1825 ; assessor in Cambridge in 1842 and 1843, and selectman in 1843. He was
honorably discharged from the Company, May 17, 1824.

Mr, Bates (1822) died Sept. 13, 1857.

Joshua C. Bates (1822), merchant, of Boston, son of Joshua and Theresa Bates,
was born Oct. 10, 1788. In 1822, he was a member of the firm of Bates & Davenport,
West India goods. No, 34 Long Wharf, and, in 1830, of the firm of Thayer & Bates,
No. 13 North Market Street, He received the Masonic degrees in Mount Lebanon
Lodge, of Boston, in 1816. He was ensign in the First Regiment, Third Brigade, First
Division, M. V. M., in 1822. He was honorably discharged from the Artillery Company,
May 16, 1S25.

Daniel N. Breed (1S22), innkeeper, of Lynn, son of Thomas A. and Hannah
Breed, was born in 1801. He married, Sept. 14, 1825, Catherine Childs. He was
major of the Fourth Regiment, First Brigade, Second Division, in 1823 and 1824;
lieutenant-colonel from 1825 to 182S inclusive, and colonel of the same in 1829. He
was honorably discharged from the Artillery Company, Jan. 13, 1825. At the time
of the first gold excitement he went to California, and died there about i860.

Reuben Carver, Jr. (1822), trader, of Boston, was a son of Reuben and Susanna
Carver, of Charlestown. In 1822, he was in the West India goods, in company with
his brother, Thomas P. (1823), and in 1835 was superintendent of the bath-house on
Prince Street, corner of Commercial. He was lieutenant of a company in the First
Regiment, Third Brigade, First Division, in 1823 and 1824, and captain from 1825
to 1S27. His brother, Thomas P. Carver, joined the Artillery Company in 1823.
Reuben, Jr. (1822), was honorably discharged from the Artillery Company, March
3., 1S28.

Asa Clark (1822), glazier, resided in Myrtle Court, Boston. He held the office of
lieutenant in the Second Regiment, Third Brigade, First Division, M. V. M., from
1822 to 1824 inclusive. He was honorably discharged from the .'\rtillery Company,
April 3, 1824.

Daniel T. Curtis (1822) was a leather-dresser, in Cambridge. He received the
Masonic degrees in Amicable Lodge, Cambridge, in 1820. He was "a very industrious,
frugal, and temperate man. He had acquired property, and had several children. He
fell among thieves, who stripped him of all he possessed. In pursuit of them he was
found hanging to a bed-post at Providence Hotel. Suspicions arose of his being
murdered." ' He was honorably discharged from the .'\rtillery Company, Aug. 20, 1827.

Louis Dennis (1822), mason, of Boston, son of Adonijah and Eunice (Sibley)
Dennis, was born at Hardwick, Mass., Feb. 8, 1799. He married, Jan. 17, 1825, Lucy
Henry, of Boston, who died in Boston, Feb. 8, i860. His father ser\-ed in the Revo-
lutionary War, and was engaged in the battle of Stillwater.

' Whitman's Hist. A, and H. A. Company, 2d Ed., p. 411,



4 HISTORY OF THP. ANCIENT AND [1822

Mr. Dennis (1822) was discharged, March 29, 1S24, from the Artillery Company,
and he rejoined it May 23, 1831. He was adjutant of the Artillery Company in 1833 ;
its commander in 1838, and first sergeant in 1844. He had considerable military
experience, being ensign in the State Militia, Second Regiment, Third Brigade, First
Division, in 1821 ; captain from 1822 to 1824: major of Second Regiment from 1825
to 1827; captain in First Regiment, Third Brigade, First Division, from 1829 to 1833,
and was brigade-major of Third Brigade, First Division, in 1834. "He commanded
the Fusileers, and again when their name was changed to Hancock Light Infantry."
"An e.xcellent officer and estimable citizen."

William A. Dickerman (1822) was a merchant in Boston. In 1822 he was a
dealer in English goods at 1 1 Kilby Street; but, prior to 1830, he removed to New York
City. He was lieutenant of the City Guards, in Third Regiment, Third Brigade, First



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