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History of the Military company of the Massachusetts, now called the Ancient and honorable artillery company of Massachusetts. 1637-1888 (Volume 1) online

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Court incorporated a "company of adventurers," consisting of Mr. Valentine Hill (1638),
Capt. Robert Sedgwick (1637), Mr. William Tyng (1638), treasurer, Mr. Franc Norton
(1643), Mr. Thomas Clarke (1638), Joshua Hewes (1637), and William Aspinwall
(1643), to extend the trade of Boston into new parts.

Valentine Hill was of Dover, N. H., about 1649, and represented that town in the
House of Deputies from 1652 to 1655 inclusive, and in 1657. His second wife was
Mary, daughter of Gov. Theophilus Eaton, of New Haven. He died in 1661.

John Hull (1638), of Dorchester, a blacksmith, was one of the first settlers of that
town. He was admitted to be a freeman Aug. 7, 1632 ; had a share in the division of
the Neck lands in 1637, and also in other divisions of land in Dorchester. He is styled
captain, but was never captain of the .'\rtillery Company. John (1638), of Dorchester,
was a brother of Robert, of Boston, who also was a blacksmith The latter, Robert, was
the father of John Hull (1660), of Boston, the goldsmith and mint-master. John Hull
(1660) of Boston is believed to have served his time with John (1638) of Dorchester.
The latter was a deputy for Dorchester in 1634, was second sergeant of the Artillery
Company in 1652, and died July 28, 1666, aged seventy-three years.

Edward Hutchinson (1638), son of William and Ann (Marbury) Hutchinson, of
Lincolnshire, England, born about May 28, 1613, is called "Jr.," to distinguish him
from his uncle. He came over before his parents, while a single man, in 1633, with

Valentine Hill (1638). Authorities: Sav- John Hull (1638). Authorities: Savage's

age's Gen. Diet.; Reports of Rec. Com., Boston, Gen. Diet.; Hist, of Dorchester, by Dorchester

1634-1660; Mem. Hist, of Boston; New Eng. Hist. Antiq. and Hist. Soc.
and Gen. Reg., 1853; Wentworth Genealogy.


Rev. John Cotton, his uncle, Edward Hutchinson, and other prominent persons. He
became a member of the First Church Aug. 10, 1634, and on the 3d of September next
following was admitted to be a freeman. Mr. Hutchinson (1638) married (i), Oct. 13,
1636, Catherine Hamby, of Ipswich, England, who died about 1650-1, and (2) Abigail
Vermaies, widow of Robert Button. He had by the first wife seven, and by the second
four, children. Elisha, his eldest son, joined the Artillery Company in 1660. Thomas
Savage (1637) married Faith, a sister of Edward, Jr. (1638). The latter was junior
sergeant of the Artillery Company in 1641, lieutenant in 1654, and captain in 1657. He
was deputy for Boston in 1658.

Edward Hutchinson, Jr. (1638), was disarmed in 1637, for supporting the views of
his mother, Mrs. Ann Hutchinson, and, in 1642, was sent with John Leverett (1639) on
an embassy to the Narraganset Indians. He commanded a company in the expedition
into the Nipmug country, at the commencement of King Philip's War, in 1675, under
the command of Thomas Savage (1637), his brother-in-law. Edward (1638) was
wounded in an engagement with the Indians, four or five miles from Brookfield, on the
2d of August, and died of his wounds at Marlboro, Aug. 19, 1675, aged sixty-two years.
His remains were buried in that town. "Thus he, who, with his mother, was persecuted,
poured out his blood in the service of that uncharitable country."

"To his honor, he entered his dissent against the sanguinary law of 1658, for
punishing the Quakers with death on their return to the colony after banishment."

James Johnson (1638), of Boston in 1635, a glover, was admitted to be a freeman
May 25, 1636. His wife, Margaret, died March 28, 1643, and he afterward married
Abigail, a daughter of Elder Thomas Oliver, and sister of John (1637), James (1640),
Peter (1643), and Samuel Oliver (1648). He became a member of the First Church in
Boston, April 10, 1636, and was a deacon thereof in 1655. James Johnson (1638)
owned a piece of upland and marsh, which he sold, in 1662, to Thomas Hawkins (1649),
and subsequently, having passed through several hands, it became, in 1743, the property
of Dr. William Douglass. When Dr. Douglass died, in 1754, mention is made of his
mansion house in Green Dragon Lane, which was a passage in the direction of the
present Union Street, and upon which his house abutted. Ten years later, the sister of
Douglass conveyed it to the Lodge of St. Andrew, A. F. and A. M., and it afterwards
became celebrated as the Green Dragon Tavern. Mr. Johnson (1638) also had a garden
on Tremont Street, between Winter and West, which in the early part of this century
constituted a part of the celebrated "Washington Gardens." He once owned the marsh,
corner of what is now Batterymarch Street and Liberty Square, where, in 1673, ^^as

Edward Hutchinson (1638). Authorities: captain's place of the Three County Troop, the

New Eng. Hist, and Gen. Reg., 1847, '865, 1866; Court grants his request." — Kccords of Mass. Bay,

Ilurd's Hist, of Middlesex Co.; Savage's Edition of \'ol. V., />. 17.

Winlhrop's Hist.; Mather's Magnalia; Drake's Hist. "[1676] Sept. 26, Tuesday, one ey'd John,

of Boston; Report of Boston Rec. Com., 1634-1660. Malionipe, Sagamore of Quapaug, General at Lan-

May 28, 1659, "in answtr to the request of easier iVc Jtthro (the father) walk to the gallows,
the troopers lately raised in the counties of Essex, One ey'd John accuses Sag. John to have lired the
Suffolk and Middlesex, for the Courts confirmation first at Quapaug, and killed Capt. Hutchinson
of their officers, the Court judgeth it meet to allow [1638]." — Se-d'a/i's Diary, Vol. /., />. 22.
and confirm Edward Hutchinson to be their Cap- James Johnson (163S). Authorities: Re-
tain." — Records of Mass. Bay, Vol. IV., Pari /., jjort of Boston Rec. Com., 1 634-1 660; Savage'sGen.
/>. 369. Diet.; Mem. Hist, of Boston; New Eng. Hist, and

Oct. 7, 1674, " in answer to the motion of Capt Gen. Reg., 1877; and see will of Thomas Oliver,

Edward Hutchinson that he might lay down his New Eng. Hist, and Gen. Reg., 1854.



situated the Blue Bell Tavern, the name of which in 1692 was the Castle Tavern.
Other property belonging to James Johnson (1638) is defined in the introduction
to the Memorial History of Boston.

From the Records of the Town of Boston, 1634-60, as printed by the commis-
sioners, it appears that James Johnson (1638) was called sergeant in 1643, "liftt" in
1652, and captain in 1656. Grants of land from the town were made to him in 1636,
1637, and 1638.

Feb. 27, 1642, James Johnson (1638), with others, received permission of the
selectmen to use land " neare James Davis, his house," "for the watering of their
leather." James Davis's house was on the north side of Milk Street, at the shore. In
1660, the liberty granted to James Johnson (1638) and others, leather-dressers, was
revoked unless a rental of forty shillings per annum was paid to the town. In 1643,
his name is associated with those of the foremost in the Artillery Company. Jan. 8 of
that year, at a "general towns-meeting," it was agreed "that the Fortification begun
upon the Fort Hill, and a worke for that end some where about Walter Merryes' Point
shall be raised, For the ordering of which Capt. Keayne [1637], Capt. Hawkins [1638],
Ensigne Savage [1637], Sergt. Hutchinson [1638], Sergt. Johnson [1638], and Sergt.
Oliver [1637] " were chosen. On the i8th of March, 1644, the above mentioned,
with Capt. Gibbons (1637), were appointed by the town, to see that the work which the
town has to do at the Castle is completed, at the expense of the town. Jaimes Johnson
(1638) was third sergeant of the Artillery Company in 1644, and lieutenant in 1658.

John Johnson (1638), of Roxbury, came, probably, in the fleet with Winthrop,
bringing his wife, Margery, and several children. Margery Johnson was buried June 9,
1655, and Mr. Johnson (1638) married (2) Grace, widow of Barnabas Fawer. He
became a freeman May 18, 1631, was a deputy at the first General Court in 1634, and for
fifteen years afterwards ; consequently, was a member the year the charter of the Artil-
lery Company was granted. He was appointed surveyor-general of arms and ammunition
in 1644. He was a constable in Roxbury, chosen Oct. 19, 1630, and in July, 1632, and
was one of the founders of the church in Roxbury, of which Rev. John Eliot was the first

Mr. Drake thus describes his estate : " Upon the westerly side of the street [Rox-
bury], beginning at the boundary line, was John Johnson's estate of eight acres, including
the ' house, barn, and houselot on the back side of his orchard, and buildings lying
together, with liberty to inclose the swamp and brook before the same, not annoying any
highway.' " He kept a tavern in Roxbury Street, and was a man of great esteem and
influence. He was one of the embryo parliament of 1632, " for every town chose two
men to be at the next court, to advise with the Governor and Assistants," etc. Of this
earliest meeting of representatives of the people were John Johnson (1638), of Roxbury;
Robert Wright (1643), of Lynn; Edward Gibbons (1637) and Abraham Palmer (1639),
of Charlestown, and William Spencer (1637), of New Town (Cambridge). He was the
person designated by the General Court as "Goodman Johnson," to whom the arms of
the Roxbury adherents to Mrs. Ann Hutchinson were to be delivered. He was appointed,
with one Woodward, Sept. 6, 1638, " if he can spare the time, or another to be got in [his]

John Johnson (1638). Authorities: Drake's Hist, of New Eng.; Drake's Gen. Diet.; New
Hist, of Roxbury; Savage's Etlition of Winthrop's Eng. Hist, and Gen. Reg., 1855 (will), 1S79.


room, to lay out the most southermost part of Charles River, and to have five shiUings a
day a piece."

Under date of Feb. 6, 1645, Winthrop says, "John Johnson [1638], the Surveyor
General of Ammunition, a very industrious and faithful man in his place, having built a fair
house in the midst of the town, with divers barns and outhouses, it fell on fire in the day
time, no man knowing by what occasion, and there being in it seventeen barrels of the
country's powder, and many arms, all was suddenly burnt and blown up, to the value of
four or five hundred pounds, wherein a special providence of God appeared, for, he, being
from home, the people came together to help and many were in the house, no man
thinking of the powder till one of the company put them in mind of it, whereupon they
all withdrew, and soon after the powder took fire and blew up all about it, and shook the
houses in Boston and Cambridge, so as men thought it had been an earthquake, and
carried great pieces of timber a good way off, and some rags and such light things beyond
Boston meeting house. There being then a stiff gale south, it drove the fire from the
other houses in the town (for this was the most northerly) otherwise it had endangered
the greatest part of the town. This loss of our powder was the more observable, in two
respects : ist. Because the court had not taken that care they ought, to pay for it, having
been owing for divers years. 2d. In that, at the court before, they had refused to help
our countrymen in Virginia, who had written to us for some for their defence against the
Indians, and also to help our brethren of Plimouth in their want." At this fire the first
book of records of the town of Roxbury was destroyed.

He died Sept. 30, 1659. In his will of same date, proved Oct. 15 next following,
he gives his dwelling-house and lands to his wife during her life, and after " unto my
five children, to be equally divided, my eldest son having a double portion therein,
according to the Word of God."

He was clerk of the Artillery Coiiipany from 1638 to 1640 inclusive.

Benjamin Keayne (1638), of Boston, only son of Capt. Robert Keayne (1637), of
Boston, founder and first commander of the Artillery Company, was born in London,
and at the age of sixteen years came to America with his parents, in the " Defence," in
1635. He was admitted to be a freeman Sept. 6, 1639, having married, before June 9,
1639, Sarah, daughter of Gov. Thomas Dudley. They had one daughter, Hannah.
Savage says, " He lived a short time in Lynn," was active in the military, and became
senior sergeant of the Artillery Company in 1641. About 1644, having made "an
unhappy and uncomfortable match," as his father calls it in his famous will, Benjamin
(1638) returned to London and repudiated his wife. "This union, with other unfavor-
able circumstances," says Savage, " perhaps compelled the son to return to the land of
his fathers." He entered the service of the great Protector, and served as major in
Col. Stephen Winthrop's (1641) regiment, which was engaged in active service under
the Earl of Manchester. He died in England in i658, having made his will and signed
it in Glasgow in 1654.

Feb. 18, 1639, Benjamin Keayne (1638) was granted "a great lot at Mount Wol-
laston," and Jan. 27, 1640, two hundred acres additional "at the Mount." In the colonial

Benjamin Keayne (1638). Authorities-. Mass. Bay, VuL IV., Part 2; Whitman's Hist. A.
Savage's Gen. Diet.; Savage's Edition of Winthrop's and H. A. Company.
Hist.; Suffolli Deeds, Vols. I. and II.; Records of


records, Benjamin Keayne (1638) has the prefix of respect, and, as no aspersions against
him are on record, it is probable that his life was darkened and made sorrowful by an
unfortunate marriage. Letters from him, written to his "Worshipful, honored father
Thomas Dudley," and to "Mr. John Cotton," dated London, 1646 and 1647, are
given in the Records of Suffolk Deeds, Liber I , pp. 83, 84. The property owned by
Benjamin Keayne (1638) in Lynn is defined in the book last mentioned, pp. iii, 112,
and 147.

Sarah (Dudley) Keayne was disciplined by the church in November, 1646, and was
excommunicated in October, 1647. She was sadly degraded, and after the repudiation
seems to have lived with one Pacey. Who he was, his given name, residence, or calling,
are alike unknown. Gov. Dudley and Capt. Robert Keayne (1637) give us no infor-
mation, though both mention her in their wills.

Capt. Keayne (1637), in his will, says, "My minde & will further is that whatsoever
I have given in this my will to my Grandchild Hannah Keayne as hir legacy & portion,
whether it be the first three hundred pounds or any other gift that may befall hir out of
my estate by vertue of this my will be so ordered & disposed that hir unworthy mother
(sometimes the unnaturall & unhappy wife of my son, that proud & disobedient daughter-
in-law to my selfe & wife) M''' Sarah Dudley now Sarah Pacye may have no part or benefit
in or by what I have thus bestowed upon her daughter."

It is recorded in Boston Town Books: "September 25, 1654, Mr. John Floyd is
hereby fined five shillings for Receiving Mrs Pacey into his house as inmate " ; also,
"April 27, 1655, Mis[tress] Pacy is admitted an inhabitant, provided M'' Bradstreet, or
John Johnson (1638) and William Parkes (1638) of Roxbury give security to save the
towne from all charges that may arise by her."

Sarah (Dudley) (Keayne) Pacy died Nov. 3, 1659, when her estate, as by inventory
sworn to by Capt. James Johnson (1638), was less than ten pounds. It was given by
the court to her daughter, Hannah Keayne.

Hannah, the only child of Major Benjamin Keayne (1638), was well provided for
by her grandfather, Capt. Robert Keayne (1638), who appointed guardians to assist his
wife " to dispose of her for her future education unto some such wise and godly mistress
or family, where she may have her carnal disposition most of all subdued and reformed
by strict discipline ; and also that they would show like care and assist in seasonable
time to provide some fit and godly match proportionate to her estate and condition that
she may live comfortable and be fit to do good in her place, and not to suffer her to be
circumvented or to cast away hers, upon some swaggering gentleman or other, that will
look more after the enjoyment [of] what she hath, than live in the fear of God and true
love to her." Hannah Keayne, granddaughter of Capt. Robert (1637), was married Dec.
II, 1657, by Gov. John Endicott, to Edward Lane, a merchant from London. In Suffolk
Deeds, Liber III., p. 77, is given an instrument called "Articles of Agreement had mad
Concluded vpon by and betweene Anna Keayne Widdow late wife of Cap' Robert Keayne
of Boston ra'chant, and . . . Edw'' Lane of Boston aforesaid m''chant (who is shortly to
marry with Anna Keayne Grandchild to the Late Robert Keayne and Anna his wife) in
Reference to the said Anna Keayne the Elder her surrendering vp in Open Court hir
executrix ship to the said last will and Testament of the said Robert Keayne to the said
Edward Lane," etc. This agreement was duly signed Nov. 28, 1657. Edward Lane
came from London to Boston in 1656, aged thirty-six, having bought, in 165 1, an estate
in Boston of Capt. Robert Harding (1637). Edward and Hannah (Keayne) Lane had


two children, Ann and Edward, the former dying in infancy. In 1663, he sold his
property in Maiden, and died soon after.' Edward Lane, Jr., born 1662, became Edward
Paige, and died in Leyden, and was buried there. His grave was discovered by Rev.
Dr. Dexter.

Nicholas Paige (1693) came from Plymouth, England, to Boston, in 1665. He
soon after married Hannah, widow of Edward Lane, and daughter of Benjamin Keayne
(1638). He was a prominent citizen, active in military matters, and in 1695 was
captain of the Artillery Company. His wife, the granddaughter of Capt. Robert Keayne
(1637), seems not to have improved upon the generous bequests and earnest advice of
her anxious grandparent. She inherited a large share of her mother's weakness and
wickedness ; was indicted, and after disagreement by the jury, was, at the General Court
in May, 1666, found "guilty of much wickedness"; but great lenity was extended
toward her, for, having confessed her offences, she was discharged. She died, June
30, 1704,- and her husband survived her twelve and a half years.

The General Court was not unmindful of the generosity of Capt. Robert Keayne

" Boston, this day of ffebruary 1674.

" Whereas, y' Generall Court of this Massachusetts Colony gave unto y' late M"'' Anne
Cole, y'' Relict & Executrix of y"" late Cap' Robert Keayne, five hundred acres of land,
as they did also five hundred acres ^ to M" Anna Lane, y"' Grandchild of y" late Robert
& Anne Keayne, as in consideration in y" Records is exprest, John Wilson, Pastor of
y" church at Medfield, Nephew to y' s" Anna Cole, formerly Keayne, doth depose &
say y' in a short time after y'' s'' five hundred acres was layed out unto his above-
mentioned Aunt, & confirmed to hir by the s'' Court, as their records may appeare, his
s'' aunt M'''' Anne Cole, formerly Keayne, not once only but seuerally times. Spake to
him & desired him to take notice & remember y' she had given and did give her
above mentioned farme to her Nephew, John Mansfield, y' son of y'^^ late M"- John
Mansfield, hir onely Brother y' dyed lately at charlestowne, & y' he should have at
his owne dispose foreuer & y' he perceiued his s'' aunts mind, (on) such was intent &
solicitous about it & further saith not.

" Mf John Wilson & Edward Weeden made oath to the testimony above written,
ffeb 1 1, 1674-5

" Before us — " Edward Tyng


' May 7, 1659, Edward Lane sold to Robert ily there. Note By my order, the diggers of Mm.

Turner (1643) a part of " Capt Keaynes Orchard," Paiges Tomb dugg a Grave for Lambert he was laid

between Milk and State streets, back from Wash- in the old burying place." — Sa^lPs Diary.
ington. The Governor mentioned liy Judge Sewall was

'"June 30, 1704. As the Governor sat at Joseph Dudley (1677), son of Gov. Thomas Dudley,
Council Table 'twas told him Madam Paige was consequently was uncle to " Mrs. Paige."
dead. He clap'd his hands, and quickly went out, Mrs. Paige resided at the corner of State and
and returned not to the Chamber again ; but ordered Washington streets, on the site of the present office
Mr. Secretary to prorogue the Court till the i6th of of the P.oston & Maine Railroad.
August, which Mr. Secretary did by going into the Robert Keayne C1637) says in his will, concern-
House of Deputies. James Hawkins certifies us ing his gramldaughter, " I know her father will have
Madam Paiges death; he was to make a Tomb. a good Estate & having yet no other child but she,

"July 2d, Lord's Day. Madam Page is buried will be able to give her more than she will deserve."

from her own house where Mrs. Perry is Tenant, — Sec Bosloii fiiwk of Possessions, 2,/ Re/'orl, 2,/

between 6 and 7 p. m. Bearers Lt. Govr. Povey, Par/, /. 79. "A'eayne's Gnrtleii"
Usher, Sewall, Addington, Col. Phillips, Foxcroft; ■' Granted, 1659-60, in consequence of Capt.

Rings and Scarves. The Govr. his Lady and fam- Keayne's liberal donations to the country.


Eleazer Lusher (1638), of Dedham in 1637, a husbandman, became a freeman
March 13, 1639. He was elected a representative in 1640, and for the twelve years
following. In 1662, he was chosen an assistant, and was continued in that office until his
decease, Nov. 13, 1672. He was made captain of the military company in that town,
when the militia was reorganized in 1644, and succeeded Gen. Humfrey Atherton (1638)
as sergeant-major of the Suffolk Regiment in 1656, which office he also held at the time of
his decease. He was second sergeant of the Artillery Company in 1644 and 1645,
ensign in 1646, and its lieutenant in 1647. Johnson (1637), in his Wonder- Working
Providence, says of Major Lusher, " He was one of a nimble and active spirit, strongly
affected to the ways of truth — one of the right stamp, and pure metal, a gracious,
humble and heavenly minded man."

Dedham was settled in September, 1635; but little progress was made until July,
1637, when John AUin, the minister, Major Lusher (1638), and. ten others, bringing
recommendations, were at the same time admitted townsmen, and they gave a more
decided character to the place. Major Lusher (1638) was one of the founders of the
first church there, and long continued one of their chief town officers. " He maintains,"
says Mr. Worthington, "an eminent rank among the founders of the town." " He was
a leading man all his lifetime, and directed all the most important affairs of Dedham.
The full and perfect records which he kept, the proper style of his writings, above all, the
peace and success of the plantation, which had the wisdom to employ him, are good
evidences of his merit, and that his education had been superior to that of all other
citizens, the minister excepted."

He was an influential and useful member of the House of Deputies. When Charles
H. was restored to the English throne, great fears began to be entertained in the colony
that its charter and liberties might be violated by the new administration. In 1662, a
large committee was appointed to consider the perilous state of affairs then existing, and
advise the General Court in the measures to be adopted. Major Lusher (1638), with
other leading spirits of the Artillery Company, were on that committee, and safely guided
the colony between the King and the Protector. He was also one of the commissioners,
with Mr. Danforth and John Leverett (1639), selected to repair to Dover and allay
the discontent and settle the differences ; which resulted in success.

His death is noticed in the church records, as quoted in Mr. Dexter's Century
Sermon: "Maj. Eleazer Lusher, a man sound in the faith, of great holiness, and
heavenlymindedness, who was of the first foundation of this church, and had been of
great use (as in the Commonwealth, so in the church) especially after the death of the
reverend pastor thereof, (Allin) departed this life Nov. 13th, 1672." He gained the name
of the " nimble-footed Captain." The following saying was repeated frequently by the
generation which immediately succeeded Major Lusher : —

" When Lusher was in office, all things went well;
But how they go since, it shames us to tell."

This applied particularly to town affairs, and especially to the schools, which are said to
have degenerated.

His will, dated Sept. 20, 1672, was proved Jan. 28, 1672-3. His widow died very
soon after; and, at her death, the property was inventoried, Feb. 6, 1672-3, at ^507
19^. iirt'.

Eleazer Lusher (1638). Authorities: Savage's Gen. Diet. ; Records of Dedham; Dedham Reg-

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