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History of the Military company of the Massachusetts, now called the Ancient and honorable artillery company of Massachusetts. 1637-1888 (Volume 1) online

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came from Gravesend in the ship "Truelove," in 1635, aged twenty-one years. In

Thomas Adams (1644). Authorities: Sav- of Old South Church; New Eng. Hist, and Gen.

age's Gen. Diet.; Records of Mass. Ray; New En;;. Reg., 1853.
Hist, and Gen. Reg., 1S53, p. 42. John Baker (1644). Authorities: New

Herman Adwood (1644). Authorities: Sav- Erg. Hist, and Gen. Reg., 1861. p. 124 (will) ; Sav-
age's Gen. Diet.; Boston Records. age's Gen. Diet. : Boston Records.

John Arnold (1644). Authorities: Sav- George Barstow (1644). Authorities: Sav-
age's Gen. Diet.; Boston Records. . age's G.en. Diet.; Records of Plymouth Colony;

Theodore Atkinson (1644). Authorities: Dedham Records; Deane's Hist, of Scituate.
Boston Records; Savage's Gen. Diet.; Hill's Hist.



138 HISTORY OF THE ANCIENT AND [1644-5

1636, he had a grant of land at Dedham, whither he moved soon after his arrival, and
thence to Scituate about 1651.

From the Records of Plymouth Colony, Vol. III., p. 35, we learn that a suit was
commenced against William Barstow — brother of George (1644) — by Rev. Charles
Chauncy, of Scituate (afterwards president of Harvard College), for saying that he (Mr.
Chauncy) was the cause of the death of his brother, George Barstow (1644), late
deceased, and for saying that the said Mr. Chauncy sent his bulls abroad to the church
at Cambridge, whereby the said George Barstow (1644) was hindered from communion
with said church, which hastened his death through grief. The court ordered William
Barstow to retract. The explanation of this is, that George Barstow (1644) was a
member of the Second Church in Scituate, with which Mr. Chauncy was at variance.

George Barstow (1644) died at Cambridge March 18, 1653-4.

Henry Bridgham (1644), of Dorchester in 1641, was admitted to be a freeman in
1643, and removed to Boston. He united with the First Church March 31, 1644. He
was a tanner.

On the creek, near the corner of the present Water and Congress streets, the
leather-dressers, in 1643, were granted a place to water their leather. Deacon Henry
Bridgham (1644) was in possession of property on the south side of Water Street in
1655, and in 1670 he built a mansion on the lot and had his tan-pits near by. Mr.
Bridgham (1644) did not live to move into the new house. The mansion became the
famous Julien House, and its history is given by Shurtleff in his Topographical Descrip-
tion of Boston, p. 659. A picture of it may be seen in Memorial History of Boston,
Vol. n., p. 524.

In 1646, the selectmen gave Capt. Bridgham (1644) permission to set his bark-
house on the town's land, and in 1660 the land was confirmed unto him by them, upon
his paying forty pounds towards the erection of an " Almes-house " in the town. He
was a constable in 1653, and later, a captain in the militia.

He died March 12, 1670-1, and his will was proved April 13, 1671. The inventory
was nearly four thousand pounds.

William Burcham (1644).

John Butler (1644), of Boston, became a freeman in 1649; by profession a phy-
sician. Savage says Mr. Butler (1644) was probably of Hartford in 1666, certainly a
freeman there in 1669. He removed to Branford, and died in 1680. Administration
on the estate of Dr. John Butler (1644) was granted in Boston, Oct. 5, 1682.

Thomas Clarke [Jr.] (1644), of Boston, shopkeeper, son of Major Thomas Clarke
(1638), was born in ICngland. He lived wuth his parents for a short time in Dorchester,
became a freeman June 2, 1641, and soon after removed to Boston. He held a promi-
nent place in the affairs of the town, and was a representative to the General Court in
1673, 1674, 1675, and 1676. He was fourth sergeant of the Artillery Company in 1644,
third sergeant in 1645, first sergeant in 1650, clerk in 1653 and 1654, second sergeant

Henry Bridgham (1644). Authorities: Thomas Clarke [Jr.] (1644). AirrHORiTV:

Savage's Gen. Diet.; Report of Boston Rec. Com., Wliilnian's llist. A. and H. A. Company.
Vol.11.; Bostonian Mag., Vol. I., p. 275; Shurtltff's '

Topog. Des. of Boston.



'644-5] HONORABLE ARTILLERY COMPANY. 1 39

in 1660, first sergeant in 1661, ensign in 1662, and captain in 1673. In tine local militia,
he rose to the grade of captain. He died July 28, 1678.

Col. Nathaniel Byfield (1679) •" 1675 married Deborah, a daughter of Capt.
Thomas Clarke (1644), and Klisha Hutchinson (1670) married another daughter, Mrs.
Elizabeth (Clarke) Freak.

George Clifford (1644), of Boston, had a son John, bcrn in 1646. The preceding,
with the following from the Boston Record Commissioners' Report, Vol. II., p. 76,
comprises our knowledge of him : —

"It is agreed betweene the select men on the Towne's behalfe and Hugh Williams
[1644] and George Clifford [1644] : That Nathaniel Newgate [1646] Apprentize to
the said Hugh Williams [1644] and George Clifford [1644], aforesaid, shall doe all
Comon service in druming for the Towne on trayning dayes and watches, The sayd
George for these three yeares next ensueing, and the said Nathaniel for these foure
yeares next ensueing, in Consideration whereof the Towne will be at the charge of
learning skill in druming.

"It's further agreed with ."Xrthur Perry [1638] that he shall give his Best diligence
in Teaching the sayd George Clifford [1644] and Nathaniel Newgate [1646] in all the
skill and use of the drum needfull to all common service in military Affayres, in con-
sideration whereof he shall have foure pounds payd to him within six mo : next ensuing."
Arthur Perry (163S), — who lived on School Street, — the first drummer of the Artillery
Company, was thus the teacher of his successors.

Robert Crosman (1644), of Dedham, was born in England. He was one of the
first proprietors of Dedham, 1636, when he signed the covenant for the government of
the town. He was admitted a townsman Jan. 2, 1642, and grants of land in that town
were made to him in February, 1642 ; October, 1643 ; May, 1644 ; October, 1644 ; Feb-
ruary, 1645, and March, 1652. He had permission, Feb. 4, 1644, to build himself a
house "nere the meeting house." Mr. Crosman gave notice of his discovery of a "mine
of Mettall," "26 of 3 mo., 1649," and claimed it for his heirs and assigns. The mine
was westerly of the place where Neponset River divides, a part being on the south
side of the greatest stream and a part " betwixt the division of said streams." In 1652,
Mr. Crosman had liberty to accept or refuse the building of a mill according to the grant
made to him, and soon after he " lay down that grant of libertie."

He was living in Dedham in the summer of 1653. He married in that town, May
25, 1652, Sarah Kingsbury, by whom he had eleven or more children. His wife died in
1686, and he afterward married a widow, — Martha Eatton, of Bristol. He moved
to Taunton in 1653 or 1654, with wife and one daughter. He was one of the early
"twelve shilling" purchasers of the territory.' He also bought a house on Dean Street,
of Capt. Foster, of Dorchester. Mr. Crosman (1644) was considered a \ery skilful
mechanic, and was called "the drum-maker." June 28, 1672, the selectmen of Dedham
made a contract with Mr. Crosman (1644) to build a mill at Wollomonuppoag, now

Robert Crosman (1644). Authorities: and of Mr. Baylies, that Robert was the son of John

Dedham Records; New Eng. Hist, and Gen. Reg., Crosman. Rol^ert was an original emigrant, who

1S57, p. 40. settled in Dedham, and was one of the original set-

Capt. John W. D. Hall, secretary of the Old tiers of Taunton.
Colony Historical Society, has disproved the state- ' MS. of Mr. John W. D. Hall, Taunton, 1S95.

ment of Mr. Savage, in his Genealogical Dictionary,



140 HISTORY OF THE ANCIENT AND [1644-5

Wrentham. He must have been a reliable man and a superior mechanic, otherwise the
selectmen of Dedham would not have sent to Taunton for a man who had not been a
resident of Dedham for eighteen years, to build a mill for them. He died in 1692, and
his widow in 1694.

Andrew Duren (1644) is supposed to have come from Lincolnshire, England. He
signed the Dedham covenant, was admitted to the Dedham church April 19, 1646, and
was admitted a freeman May 6 next following. He was admitted an inhabitant of
Dedham Jan. i, 165 1, and held the office of surveyor of land that year. He married
(i) Lydia Goodnow and, (2) Dec. 21, 1652, "An Donstall." He died Sept. 16, 1677.
Mr. Duren' (1644) resided in that part of Dedham now called Needham. He owned
large tracts of land in the south part of the town, on Charles River, which were occupied
by his descendants for several generations.

George Fairbanks (1644), of Dedham, son of Jonathan of that town, who came from
Sowerby, England, prior to 1641, bringing his wife and six children. George (1644),
the second son, was in Dedham in 1641, and is said to have been the first settler in
Medfield, west of the river, near the Sherborn line, whither he moved in 1657. He
married, in 1646, Mary Adams, of Dedham. He was drowned in 1682. Administration
on his estate was granted May 31, 1683.

Henry Farnham (1644) settled in Roxbury, and w-as admitted a freeman in 1645,
his name then being spelled Firnum. On the church records, kept by Rev. John Eliot,
the name is spelled Farnham. Rev. Samuel Danforth wrote in the Roxbury Church
Records : " 1658 mo 12, 11 d. At midnight there happened a great burning. The fire
began in the outside of Henry Farnham's [1644] work-house next the orchard and it
burnt up his work house and his dwelling house and consumed a great part of his timber,
some of his goods and corn and all his tools, but it pleased God not to suffer it to pro-
ceed any further." He was a joiner by trade. He moved to Long Island, thence to
Killingworth, Conn., where he was in 1666, and became in that town a deacon of the
church. He died Jan. 13, 1700.

Anthony Fisher (1644), son of Anthony, brother of Daniel (1640), and cousin of
Joshua (1640), came with his parents to New England and settled in Dedham in 1637.
He became a freeman May 6, 1643, and joined the Dedham church July 20, 1645.
He married, Sept. 7, 1647, in Dedham, Joanna Faxon, of Braintree. He moved to
Dorchester from Dedham, and probably lived with his father, who died the next year.
He was one of the first to settle within the limits of the present town of Wrentham in
the year 1661. He died at Dorchester Feb. 13, 1670, and in the inventory of his estate,
taken April 7, i(')7o, he is called "late of Dedham." His widow died Oct. 16, 1694.

Ralph Fogg (1644) was of Plymouth in 1633, but removed to Salem, and was
admitted a freeman Sept. 3, 1634. He was chosen treasurer of the town of Salem in

Andrew Duren (1644I. Authorities : Ded- Anthony Fisher (1644). Auihorities: .Sav-

ham Records; Savage's Gen. Diet. age's Gen. Diet.; Dedham Records; Dedham Hist.

George Fairbanks (1644). Authorities: Reg.; New Eng. Hist, and Gen. Reg, 185 1.
Tilden's Hist, of Mcdlicl.l; .Savage's Gen. Diet. '"Andrew Duen," according to the e.arlicst

Henry Farnham (1644). Authorities: .Sav- copy of the roll; now spelled Dewing. Mr. Savage,

age's (ien. Diet ; New Eng. Hist, and Gen. Reg., in Gen. Diet, H.. 392. mentions live children of

iSSo; Sixth Report of Boston Rec. Com. .Andrew Duren.



1^44-5] HONORABLE ARTILLERY COMPANY. I4I

1637, and the same year it was ordered that, "for want of print howse or some means
to pubHsh " resolves, etc., that the inhabitants might understand the laws and avoid
any breach of them, they were advised to repair to Mr. Ralph Fogg (1644), who kept
the records of said resolves and orders, where the people might satisfy themselves in
every particular.' In 1645, Mr. Fogg (1644) was authorized to receive contributions
from Salem people for the maintenance of poor scholars at the college at Cambridge.'
In 1652, Ralph Fogg (1644) petitioned the General Court to keep "an intelligence
office or exchange." It was not granted. He soon after returned to England, was a
livery-man of London of the Skinners' Company, and died in 1674.

Robert Hale (1644), of Charlestown, came probably in the tleet with W^inthrop in
1630, and was one of the earliest members of the First Church in Boston, his name
being the eighteenth on the church roll. He was one of the founders of the Charlestown
church, Nov. 2, 1632, and was one of its first deacons. He became a freeman May
14, 1634, and was by trade a carpenter. Hale Street perpetuates his name. He was
wealthy, and active in all public concerns of the town, serving as a selectman for eleven
years. He was ensign of the Charlestown train-band, and died July 16, 1659. Nathan
Hale, executed by the British as a spy, was one of his descendants.

Anthony Harris (1644), of Boston, may have lived in Ipswich in 1648, but he must
have returned soon after and settled at Winnisinimet Point, now Chelsea, where he died
Dec. 30, 165 1.

He was a brother-in-law of Elias Maverick (1654), and his mother married as her
second husband, William Stitson (1648).

David Kelley (1644), of Boston, had wife, Elizabeth, and two sons, David and
Samuel. He died in 1662.

Henry Kibby (1644), of Dorchester, was a tailor; admitted to be a freeman May
18, 1642, and died July 10, 1661.

Edward Larkin (1644), of Charlestown in 1638, became a freeman May 13, 1640.
His dwelling-house and garden plot "were situated on the Southwest of the Mill hill.
butting south-west upon crooked lane."- His wife is called "widow Joanna Larkin,"
Feb. 3, 1656.

Nathaniel Manwarring (1644).

Moses Paine (1644), of Braintree, born in England, was eldest son of Moses of
the same town. He was admitted to be a freeman in 1647 ; was ensign of the Braintree
company from 1665 to 1671 ; represented that town in the House of Deputies in 1666
and 1668; was first sergeant of the Artillery Company in 1667, ensign in 1668, and
lieutenant in 1677. He moved to Boston in 1671, and was clerk of the market in 1672 ;
constable in 1673. In 1676, he was one among many citizens of Boston, named and

Robert Hale (1644). Authorities: New Moses Paine (1644). Authorities: Boston

Eng. Hist, and Gen. Reg, 1S77, p. S3; Pilgrims uf Records; Savage's Gen. Diet.; Tilden's Hist, of

Boston, p. 344; Savage's Gen. Diet.; Frothingham's Medlield.
Hist, of Charlestown. ' Felt's Hist, of Salem, Vol. L, pp. 361, 430.

Anthony Harris (1644). Authority: New * Report of Boston Rec. Com., Vol. HI, pp.

Eng. Hist, and Gen Reg., 1S4S, p. 21S. 43, 75.



142



HISTORY OF THE ANCIENT AND [1644-5



approved of by the selectmen, " for preuentinge of excessiue drinkinge and disorder in
priuate houses &c." He was elected a "Surveyor for Bostone " March 12, 1676-7, and
in 1682 was one of six citizens licensed to keep "Wine Taverns." He died Dec. 15,
i6go. His daughter, Elizabeth, married Henry Adams (1652), of Medfield.

Thomas Phillips (1644).

William Phillips (1644), of Charlestown, was admitted to the church Sept. 23,
1639, and to be a freeman May 13, 1640. His wife died May i, 1646, and he moved
to Boston about 1649, where he married the widow of Christopher Stanley (1640). She
died June 16, 1655. He had much property in lands and mills in Saco,' was there
made an officer in the militia, was a magistrate in 1663, and was confirmed in that
office by the royal commissioners in 1665. He was promoted to be major in 1675, the
year in which he bravely and successfully defended his place against assault by the
Indians. They, however, destroyed his house by fire, and he returned to Boston to
reside. He made his will Sept. 29, 1683, and it was proved the 13th of November
following. The Charlestown Land Records refer to property of WiOiam Phillips, but
do not locate it. A memorandum says, "That I, Harman Garret, . . . did sell a
house and ground unto Walter Allen, which house and ground was the house and ground
of Mr. Phillips, that now keeps the ship tavern in Boston." This memorandum was
sworn to Sept. 30, 1652. In the Boston Town Records, he is named as appointed on a
town committee, March 11, 1650, and again the next month. He was called lieutenant
in 1657, when he appeared before the selectmen as attorney for Edward Bendall (1638).
He next appears on Boston Records, Dec. 3, 1680, applying for damages, which he
received, for a highway laid through his land in 1650. He was ensign of the Artillery
Company in 1655, and lieutenant in 1657.

John Read (1644), who was born in 1598, and is supposed to have been the son of
William and Lucy Henage Reade, residing at the hamlet of Rangle, near Boston, Lincoln-
shire, England, came to America with the great fleet in 1630. He lived for a time in
Dorchester, Braintree (now Quincy), and Weymouth. He was admitted a freeman May
13, 1640. He finally settled in Rehoboth, in the Plymouth Colony, where he spent a
long life of usefulness. He went there in company with the Rev. Samuel Newman,
pastor of the church in Weymouth, and others. His name appears as third on the orig-
inal list of proprietors of the town. He resided in that part of the town called the
"Ring," or the "Ring of the Town," — a semicircle, open to the west, which was after-
William Phillips (1644). AUTHORrriEs: Bos- patent, and gave the inhabitants the lower part,
ton Records; Savage's Gen. Diet. Major Phillips [1644] strengthened his title by an

John Read (1644). Authority: MS. of Mr. Indian deed, May 31, 1664. About this time, he
George B. Reed, Boston, 1894. was appointed as major over the forces of the

' "Richard Vines and John Oldham received Province. In 1661, he bought of the Indians an-
from the Plymouth Company in England, 1630, a other tract, eight miles square, which now comprises
patent for land on the west side of Saco River, four nearly the towns of Sanford, Alfred, and Waterboro'.
miles by the sea, and eight miles up country by the One half of this tract, called the " nineteen thousand
river. This is now called Biddeford. Vines sold acres," he divided, in 1676, among nineteen persons,
the patent, in 1645, to Dr. Robert Child [1639], among whom were, besides seven of his children,
who, being an Episcopalian, did not find a residence three sons-in-law, and four children of his wife's by
on it comfortable, and, in 1648, he sold it to John a former marriage, John JoUiffe, John Woodman,
Box & Co., of London. They resold it to William Elisha Hutchinson [1670], Theodore Atkinson
Phillips [1644], of Boston, vintner, March 11, [1644], and William Hudson [1640], all of Boston
1658-9. To end a controversy with the settlers, — to each, one thousand acres." — AfS. of Mr.
Mr. Phillips [1644] retained the upper part of the Edumrd P. Burnhaiii, Saco, Me.



1644-5] HONORABLE ARTILLERY COMPANY. 1 43

wards included in the town of Seekonk, and in our day is a part of liast Providence,
R. I. His grave is near the centre of the old Seekonk burying-ground, the gravestone
being marked, " I. R. AG 87. D. S 16S5 " (John Read, aged eighty-seven; died
September, 1658).

His second son, John, Jr., was killed March 26, 1676, by the Indians, in "Pierce's
Fight," King Philip's War, near Valley Falls, now in Rhode Island, an engagement in
which all the English, fifty in number, were killed.

John Richards (1644), of Dorchester, was a son of Thomas, who came to America
in 1630. John came, Randolph says, "as a servant," but he became a rich and success-
ful merchant. He settled, in 1649, at Arrowsic Island, Me., for the purpose of trading
with the Indians, but in 1653 removed to Boston. In 1654, he married the widow
of Adam Winthrop (1642) and daughter of Capt. Thomas Hawkins (1638), who died
Nov. I, 1691. His second wife was Ann, a daughter of Gov. John Winthrop, of
Connecticut. He had no children.

He was a lieutenant and captain in the militia, and succeeded Thomas Clarke
(1638) as sergeant-major of the Suffolk Regiment in 1683, which office he retained
through Andros's administration until 1689. He was treasurer of Harvard College
from 1672 to 1685, and judge of the Superior Court in 1692. He was elected second
sergeant of the Artillery Company in 1658, — first, in 1663; was ensign in 1665, and
lieutenant in 1667 and 1670.

He was admitted to the Second Church in Boston in 1664; held many important
positions in town matters, being selectman of Boston six years, 1668 to 1673 ; was repre-
sentative in the General Court for Newbury in 1671, 1672, and 1673 > for Hadley in 1675,
and for Boston in 1679 and 1680, being elected speaker the last-named year. From
1680 to 1686, he was elected an assistant, and was appointed one of the first new council
under the charter of William and Mary, in 1692. He continued in that office until his
death, which occurred at Boston, April 2, 1694. He was a commissioner with Mr.
Dudley (1677) to the King, in 1681, and in 1692 was appointed one of the judges of the
Superior Court for the trial at Salem of persons suspected of witchcraft.

He gave, by will, one hundred pounds to Harvard College, one hundred pounds to
the town of Boston, and one hundred pounds to the Second Church, beside numerous
other legacies. He left a large estate. Mr. John Foster (1679) was one of the
executors.

John Richards (1644). Authorities: Sav- found of his death; noble Parts being fair and

age's Gen. Diet. ; Boston Records. sound.

"Thorsday, Sept. i. 1692. Major John Rich- "Friday April 6. Major Richards is buried in

ards marries Mistress Anne Winthrop before Wm his Tomb in the North Burying Place : Companyes

Stoughton Esq the Litut Governour, at the House in arms attending the Funeral. Bearers Sloughton,

of Madam Usher." — Sewall Papers, Vol. /., /. 364. Danforth, Russell, Brown, Sewall, Addington ; Major

"April 2, 1694, Monday. Artillery Training. General and Mr. Foster led the widow. Mr. Torrey

... In the afternoon, all the town is filled with the was not there because it was P'riday. Coffin was

discourse of Major Richards death, which was vtry covered with Cloth. In the Tomb were fain to nail

extraordinarily suddain : was abroad on the sabbath, a Board across the coffins and then a board standing

din'd very well on Monday, and after falling into an right up from that, bearing against the top of the

angry passion with his Servant Richard Frame, pre- Tomb, to prevent their floating up & down; saw-

sently after, fell probably into a Fit of Apoplexy and ing and fitting this board made some inconvenient

died. On Tuesday night was opened and no cause Tarriance." — Sr^'all Papers, Vol. I., pp. 389, 390.



[44 HISTORY OF THE ANCIENT AND [1644-5

Thomas Roberts (1644), son of John, came with his parents from Wales in 1636.
He settled with them in Roxbury, and became a member of the Roxbury church. He
moved to Boston, and was admitted to be a freeman in 1645. He was chosen "clerk
of the market," "1st mo. 12th," 1654, and died probably in July, 1654. His widow,
Eunice, married Moses Maverick, of Boston, Oct. 22, 1656.

Richard Russell (1644), of Charlestown, son of Paul, came in 1640 from Here-
ford, England, where he was born in 161 1. He became an inhabitant of Charlestown in
1640, a member of the church. May 22, 1641, and a freeman on the 2d of June follow-
ing. " He began early to be much esteemed," and was selectman in 1642, representa-
tive in 1646, and for twelve years afterward; speaker in 1648, 1650, 1654, 1655, and
1658 ; treasurer of the colony for twenty years, and assistant in 1659, and was repeatedly
re-elected until his decease. His gravestone, in the old burial-ground in Charlestown,
says, " Who served his country as Treasurer more than treble apprenticeship." He was,
therefore, in public life more than thirty years. He died May 14, 1676. Among other
bequests, he gave one hundred pounds to Harvard College, one hundred pounds to the
church, fifty pounds for a minister's home, two hundred pounds for the poor, etc. He

married (i) Maud , who died in 1652, and (2) in 1655, widow Mary Chester, of

Weathersfield, Conn.

Peter Saltonstall (1644). Mr. Whitman (1810), in his History of the Ancient and
Honorable Artillery Company, says, "Peter Saltonstall [1644] [was the] youngest son
of Sir Richard, of Watertown. It is from this son that the Saltonstalls of Haverhill
are descended. Col. Richard [1733] [was] a grandson of Peter."

Mr. Savage, in his Genealogical Dictionary, and Mr. Bond, in his History of Water-
town, find no trace of any Peter Saltonstall in America. The late Leverett Saltonstall,
of Boston, wrote that " the name of Peter Saltonstall has been discovered in no records
except those of the Artillery Company. It is not improbable that he was a son of Sir
Peter Saltonstall of Berkway, Co. Herts, K't, first cousin of Sir Richard. Sir Peter had a
son Peter, who died unmarried." Later he wrote again, " Upon making further investi-
gation, I find the evidence conflicting as to whether Peter was a son of Richard or not.



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