Oliver Ayer Roberts.

History of the Military company of the Massachusetts, now called the Ancient and honorable artillery company of Massachusetts. 1637-1888 (Volume 1) online

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Winthrop speaks of Sir Richard staying at his house on the evening of his return with
two of his sons. Now, as Richard, Robert, and Samuel, I know, remained, Winthrop's
statement can only be accounted for by the fact that Peter and Henry were those who
returned with him."

The names of several members of the .Vrtillery Company are not found in any town
records, but the presence of some of them in Boston has been proved beyond doubt.

On the oldest roll of the Artillery Company (1680) the name is written plainly,
"Mr. Peter Saltonstall," and his sureties were Capt. Hawkins (1638) and Mr. Clarke

John Smith (1644). Savage, in his Genealogical Dictionary, mentions as belonging
to this period more than sixty John Smiths. He says, " John Smith, Boston, a tailor,

Thomas Roberts (1644). Authorities: Richard Russell (1644). Authorities: Sav-

New Eiig. Hist, and Gen. Keg., 1S58, p. 220; Ro.\- age's Gen. Diet.; Ilurd's Hist, of Middlesex Co.,

bury Records; Savage's Gen. Diet. Inventory of his Vol. I., p. 27; Frothingham's Hist, of Charlestown;

estate is given in New Eng. Hist, and Gen. Reg., Charlestown Records.
1854, p. 277. The five persons who signed the inven-
tory were all members of the Artillery Company.


admitted to the church Feb. 6, 1639, was admitted a' freeman May 22, 1639. He died
in 1674; his will, dated Sept. 23, 1673, was proved on the 13th of June following." The
Report of Boston Record Commissioners, Vol. II., locates John Smith's house and
garden west of Hanover Street and north of Portland Street, adjoining the lot where
the Green Dragon Tavern stood.

Joshua Tedd (1644), of Charlestown. This name is spelled on the oldest roll of
the Artillery Company, "Ted." Savage spells it "Tead, Teed, and Ted " ; Frothingham,
"Tedd"; Wyman, "Tidd," and Charlestown Records, "Tedd."

He was admitted an inhabitant of Charlestown in 1637, was admitted to the church
there March 10, 1639, and became a freeman May 22 next following. He was a shop-
keeper. His possessions of real estate in Charlestown consisted of six separate pieces.
His homestead was "west of Mill hill." He was a selectman in 1660 and 1668, is
called ensign on the church records in 1669, and was lieutenant of the Charlestown
company in 1678. He died Sept. 15, 1678, aged seventy-one years.

John Tuttle (1644), of Ipswich in 1635,' came over that year in the "Planter,"
from St. Albans, England. He was admitted to be a freeman March 13, 1639, and
represented Ipswich, in 1644, in the General Assembly. After a few years, he returned
home and became advantageously established in Ireland, whither his wife followed him
in 1654. He died Dec. 30, 1656, aged sixty years, at Carrickfergus, Ireland.

Isaac Walker (1644), a merchant of Boston in 1644-5, probably came hither from
Salem, Mass., as he was recommended to the First Church in Boston by the church in
Salem. He joined the former May 2, 1646, and a few days after was admitted to be a
freeman. In 1674, he transferred his membership to the Third Church. He was an
active proprietor of Lancaster, though he did not move there. In 1662, he and his wife
deeded to " their daughter, Susannah, . . . that little shop which now she keeps." This
daughter married a Thomas Stanbury, who built the building pulled down in i860,
called the " Old Feather Store." His son, Lieut. Isaac, joined the Artillery Company
in 1676. Isaac, Sr., died Oct 19, 1688. Judge Sewall, in his Diary, writes of Mr.
Walker's (1644) burial, on Monday, Oct. 22, 1688. Mr. Walker's (1644) third or
fourth wife was Hannah, daughter of Deacon Theophilus Frary (1666).

Robert Ware (1644), a husbandman, of Dedham, of that part now Wrentham, in
1643, was admitted to be a freeman in 1647, ^nd was received into the church at
Dedham, "2* 8™, 1646." He was highway surveyor in 1656 and 1658. He married,
(i) "ii"> of the I"' mo. 1645," Margaret Hunting, of Dedham, and (2) "3, 3, 1676,"
Hannah Jones. In his will, dated Feb 25, 1698-9, his great age is spoken of. He died
in 1699, his will being proved May 11 of that year. In his will he mentions his wife,
Hannah. She died April 20, 1721, aged eighty-four years.

His son, Robert, served in December, 1675, under Capt. Moseley (1672), in King
Philip's War.

Joshua Tedd (1644). Authorities: Froth- Robert Ware (1644). Authorities: New

ingham's Hist, of Charlestown; Wyman's Charles- Eng. Hist, and Gen. Reg., 1852; Dedham Records,

town Genealogies and Estates; Savage's Gen. Diet.; ' Kurd's Hist, of Esse.x Co., Vol. I., p. 570.
Report of Boston Rec. Com., Vol. III.


Thomas Wells (1644), of Ipswich, perhaps a physician, came in the "Susan and
Ellen " from J.ondon, with young Richard Saltonstall. The town of Wells, Me.,
received its name from this family. Mr. Wells (1644) was made a freeman May 17,
1637. He left a good estate, including lands in Wells, (now) Me. He was a deacon
of the Ipswich church, made his will July 3, 1666, and died on the 26th of October of
that year, aged sixty-six years. He was ensign of the Artillery Company in 1644.

Hugh Williams (1644), a hatter, of Boston, was called "a single man" when he
joined the First Church, Jan. i, 1642. He became a freeman May 18 of the same year.
Mr. Savage, in his Genealogical Dictionary, says, " Probably never married, at least his
will of Oct. 21, 1674, mentions no wife or children." He was clerk of the market, 1655.

Mr. Williams (1644) was the employer of Nathaniel Newgate (1646) when the latter
was engaged to drum for the Military Company and the town. Arthur Perry (1638) was
Mr. Newgate's (1646) instructor. Mr. Williams (1644) probably moved to Block Island,
as his executors, Nov. 12, 1674, call him "late of Block Island."

Nathaniel Williams (1644), called "a laborer," was a glover, of Boston. He was
admitted to the First Church May 26, 1639, and became a freeman May 13 following.
He was held in good esteem, had a fair estate, and died April 23, 1661.1 He was second
sergeant of the Artillery Company in 1654, and held the position of lieutenant in the
militia. His son, Capt. Nathaniel Williams, joined the Artillery Company in 1667, and
held the ofifice of commissary during King Philip's War. Nathaniel, Sr. (1644), was
clerk of the market in 165 1, constable, 1656-7, and selectman from 1659 to his decease.
His daughter, Ruth, married Joseph Belknap (1658) . The Records of Boston's Selectmen
state, "29, 2, 1661, . . . Peter Oliver [1643] is chosen sealer of weights and measures
in ye place of Nat. Williams [1644] deceased."

Robert Williams (1644), a husbandman, of Roxbury in 1637, became a freeman
May 2, 1638. He came from Norwich, England, "and is the common ancestor of the
divines, civilians, and warriors of this name, who have honored the country of their birth."
Among his distinguished descendants are Col. Ephraim WiUiams, founder of Williams
College ; Rev. Elisha, president of Yale College ; William, Governor of Connecticut, and
a signer of the Declaration of Independence ; Col. Joseph, of Roxbury, and Rev. Eleazer,
he " lost Bourbon."

Thomas Wells (1644). Authorities: Sav- his guild, and was also searcher and sealer of leather

age's Gen. Diet.; New Eng. Hist, and Gen. Reg., for the city.
1848, p. 175; 1850, p. II. "Two years later (April S, 1637), he was ex-

Hugh Williams (1644). Authorities: Sav- amined, according to royal act, and received pcr-

age's Gen. Diet.; Caulkins's Hist, of New London. mission to emigrate, and, on April 15, 1637, he

Nathaniel Williams (1644). Authorities: embarked with wife, Elizabeth .Stalham, four chil-

S.-ivage's Gen. Diet..; Boston Records. dren, and two 'servants,' on the 'Rose.' of Var-

Bobert Williams (1644). Authorities: Sav- mouth, and reached Boston June 20, 1637. He

age'sGen. Diet.; Drake's Hist, of Roxbury, pp. 115, settled at Roxbury, Mass., and, after holding many

116; New Eng. Hist, and Gen. Reg., 1880, p. 69. town offices, died there Sept. 1, 1693, aged eighty-live.

" Robert Williams, of Ro.xbury, eldest son of " During the fifty years from 1680 to 1730, the
Stephen and Margaret (Cooke) Williams, of St. descendants of Robert Williams are among the fore-
Nicholas Parish, Great Yarmouth, England, baptized most in the ministry, and the Primate of the Protes-
there Dec. II, 1608. In 1623, he left his father's tant Episcopal Church of this country, the venerable
house and went to Norwich, where, as a ' forrener,' Rt. Rev. John Williams, of Connecticut, is in the
he was apprenticed to John Garrett, 'cordynar,' for seventh generation from Robert Williams [1644]."
seven years. On the expiration of his apprentice- — MS.of E. //. IViiliams, Jr., BcthUlum, Pa.
ship, he was admitted freeman of the city of Nor- ' " [He] Died 23<t of 2 mo., 1661." — Diary of
wich, and, five years later, was elected warden of Joliii Hull,


The homestead of Robert Williams (1644), in which five generations of the family
lived and died, remained standing until 1794, upon the site now occupied by the large
brick dwelling-house on Dearborn Street, near the school-house. This mansion, built
by Dr. Thomas Williams, a descendant of Robert, was the family residence until the
death of his son, " Lawyer Tom," in 1823. This old family seat formed a part of quite
a large estate, extending easterly from what is now Albany Street, on both sides of Eustis
Street, as far as Magazine Street.

Mr. Williams (1644) was for some time clerk of the town of Roxbury, and received
two acres of land near Dorchester Brook for his services. Mr. Drake says that Robert
(1644) subsequently petitioned the town to take it back, as it occasioned him "too
much worldly care."

Robert Williams (1644) married (2), Nov. 3, 1675, Margaret Fearing, widow, of
Hingham. He died Sept. i, 1693, aged eighty-five years.

Deane Winthrop (1644), of Boston, was the sixth son of Gov. John Winthrop, of
Massachusetts. He was born at Groton Manor, England, March 16, 1623, and was
left there at school by his father, but came over in the "Abigail " in 1635, at the age of
twelve years, with his brother, John. His name was derived from Sir John Deane,
half-brother of his mother. He was early engaged with his uncle Downing in projecting
a new settlement on the Nashua River below Lancaster, and lying on the Merrimack.
It was created a new town in 1655, and was named Groton in honor of the town of his
birth, Groton, England. He was appointed the first selectman of the new town. In
1656, he was granted a thousand acres of land by the General Court. In 1653, Mr.
Winthrop (1644) petitioned the General Court to be "freed from trayning." The
request was "left to the descretion of his captayne." His residence, however, was
always at Pulling Point, in the harbor of Boston, and the place has recently been erected
into a corporate town by the name of Winthrop. He was admitted to be a freeman in
1665, and died March 16, 1704. He married Sarah, daughter of Rev. Jose Glover, and
sister of the wife of his brother, Adam (1642). His daughter, Mercy, married Atherton
Hough (1643).

Several of his letters may be read in the Winthrop Papers, and a picture of his
house at Pulling Point may be seen in Memorial History of Boston, Vol. I., p. 447.

John Woodbridge (1644), ol Newbury, was a son of Rev. John Woodbridge, of
Stanton, England. He was born in 1613, had been bred at Oxford, Mather says, but
on the requirement of the oath of uniformity he left the university, and was brought by
his uncle. Rev. Thomas Parker, of Newbury, in the "Mary and John," in 1634, to
America. John (1644) was one of the first planters of Newbury, Mass. He seems to

Deane Winthrop (1644). Authorities : Sav- Point by his son ami three daughters. Bearers:

age's Gen. Diet.; New Eng. Hist, and Gen. Reg., Russell, Cooke: Hutchinson, Sewall : Townsend,

1882, p. 26. Paige. From the Hottse of Hasey: Scutcheons on

"March 16, 1703-4. Mr. Dean Winthrop, of the Pall. I help'd to lower the Corps into the

PuUing Point, dies upon his birthday, just about the Grave. Madam Paige went in her Coach. Maj. Gen.

Breaking of it. He was Taken at eight a'clock the and Capt Adam Winthrop had scarvs and led the

evening before, as he sat in his chair, sunk first, widow. Veiy pleasant day; Went by Winisemet."

being set up, he vomited, complain'd of his head, — Si-imU Papi-rs, I'o/. II., f. 96.
which were almost his last words. Hardly spake John Woodbridge (1644). Authorities:

anything after his being in bed. 81 years old. Pie Coffin's Hist, of Newlmry; Whitman's Hist. A. and

is the last of Gov. Winthrops children, — stations H. A. Company; Savage's Gen. Diet.
novissimus exit. March 20, is buried at Pulling


have had httle tendency to preach, for in 1637, when his father died in England, a
successor was immediately appointed to the vacancy, and he was made "surveyor of
the arms," and representative to the General Court. He was living in Newbury in
November, 1642, when his father-in-law stirred him up to seek advancement as a

In 1644, he taught school in Boston, and married Mercy, daughter of Gov. Thomas
Dudley. Oct. 24, 1645, he was ordained at Andover the first pastor of the church
there, but went to England in 1647. He remained there sixteen years, being engaged
in important matters of the state, preaching at Andover and teaching at Newbury,
whence, Mather says, the Bartholomew Act excluded him. On the 27th of July, 1663,
he arrived at Boston in the ship "Society," and for two years assisted in the minis-
trations of his uncle, Parker. After two or three years, a controversy occurred in the
church and he was dismissed, when practically he retired from the ministry. In 1683,
he was chosen an assistant, and he acted as a magistrate until his death, March 17, 169*5.
• To a person of his surname is to be attributed the origin of paper money, — Hutch-
inson says his name was Woodbridge, a New England man, and calls him " the pro-
jector," — about 1690.

Rev. John Norton, of Boston, delivered the Artillery sermon in June, 1644. The
Records of the Colony of Massachusetts Bay in New England (1644), Vol. II., p. 71,
say, " It is ordered the printer shall have leave to print the election sermon, with Mr.
Mather's consent, and the artillery sermon, with Mr. Norton's consent."

Rev. John Norton was born at Starford, England, May 6, 1606, educated at the
University of Cambridge, England, and came to America with Gov. Winslow, in 1635.
He was ordained at Ipswich in 1636, and settled with the church there. July 23, 1656,
he succeeded Rev. John Cotton, deceased, as pastor of the First Church in Boston.
He died April 5, 1663.

^ ^ The officers elected were: Robert Sedgwick (1637), captain;

J Q^ C"Q^ Thomas Savage (1637), lieutenant, and Humfrey Atherton (1638),
*^ ensign. Francis Norton (1643) was first sergeant; Eleazer Lusher

(1638), second sergeant; Thomas Clarke (1644)', third sergeant; William Davis
(1643), fourth sergeant; Robert Scott (1638), clerk; John Audlin (1638), armorer,
and Arthur Perry (1638), drummer.

The Company again honored two of its founders by the re-election of Robert
Sedgwick (1637) as captain and Thomas Savage (1637) as lieutenant. Sergt. Humfrey
Atherton (1638) was promoted to the rank of ensign.

The theocratic form of government established in Massachusetts was not universally
popular, and a desire was manifested to have churches established in accordance with
the Presbyterian creed, which had then been adopted by the British Parliament as the
established church of England. Those who entertained this view refused to acknowl-
edge the supremacy of the independent church established in Massachusetts, and were
therefore " excluded from civil and military employments and from the franchise."

Rev. John Norton. Authorities: Mather's New Eng. Hist, and Gen. Reg., 1880, p. 89.
Magnalia, Vol. I., p. 2S6; Eliot's Biographical Diet.;


The new members recruited in 1645-6 were : John Bowles, Daniel Gookin, Robert
Hinsdale, John Hutchinson, Isaac Johnson, Daniel Kilhen, Clement Koldom, Thomas
Lothrop, William Lyon, Henry Parkes, Thomas Rashley, Joshua Scottow, Elias Stileman,
Israel Stoughton, Thomas Venner, William \\'ale.

John Bowles (1645), of Roxbury in 1639, became a freeman May 13, 1640. He
was a member of the church at Roxbury, of which Rev. John Eliot was pastor, and
"4 mo. 6. d. 1675 " he was elected a ruling elder of the church. He was the founder,
of a grammar school, a member of the General Court in 1645, and died in Roxbury
Sept. 21, 1680.'

Elder Bowles was a leading member of the Massachusetts company for colonizing
New England, and was a warm friend of the apostle liliot, who said of him, " Prudent
and gracious men set over our churches for the assistance of their pastors, such helps
in government had he [Eliot] been blessed withal, the best of which was the well-
deserving Elder Bowles [1645]. God helps him to do great things among us." The
family of John Bowles (1645) was promment in town affairs for nearly a century.

John Bowles (1645) married (i) Dorothy, who died Nov. 3, 1649; (2) April 2,
1650, Elizabeth, a daughter of Elder Isaac Heath, who died July 6, 1655, and (3)
Sarah, widovv of Francis Chickering (1643), who died May 23, 1687.

Sergt. John Bowles (1645) was confirmed as ensign of the Roxbury company
Sept. 9, 1653. He was one of the petitioners to the General Court, Oct. 25, 1664,
when there was a constant struggle for colonial rights under the charter, requesting the
honored court to " stand fast in our present liberty's," and assuring the members that
they will pray the Lord to " assist them to stere right in these shaking times."

Daniel Gookin (1645), of Cambridge, emigrated with his father from the County
of Kent, England, to Virginia in 162 1, whence, in consequence of religious persecutions,
or flying from the Indian massacre, he came to New England May 20, 1644. On the
Sunday following, he was admitted a member of the First Church, and May 29 of the
same year was admitted a freeman. In both records he is called " Captain." He
resided in Boston and Roxbury a short time, but in 1647 removed to Cambridge, where
he resided until his decease. In Mather's Magnalia, he is regarded as one of the converts
of Thompson, — a missionary from New England to Virginia in 1642.

" Gookin was one of them : by Thompson's pains,
Christ and New England, a dear Gookin gains."

He was dismissed by the Boston church to the church at Cambridge, Sept. 3, 1648.
He married for his second wife Hannah, widow of Habijah Savage (1665) and daughter

John Bowles (1645). Authokities : Savage's " March 19, Satterday, about 5 or 6 in the morn,

Gen. Diet. ; Drake's Hist, of Roxbury; Records of Maj Daniel Gookin dies, a right good Man." —

Mass. Bay; New Eng. Hisl. and Gen. Reg , 1S4S, Scioall Papers, Vol. I., p. 170.
pp. 192-3; 1S52, p. 372; Copp's Hill Burial-Ground, He was buried Tuesday, March 22.

by Bridgman, p. 206. '"M 7 day 21. 16S0 Iieloved Elder Bowles

Daniel Gookin (1645). Authorities: New deceased having bene Elder of the church 5 years

Eng. Hist, and Gen. Reg., 1S47, 1848, 1849, 1S77, & 3 months he was killed by a cart wheele running

1879; Eliot's Gen. Diet.; Hurd's Hist, of Middle- over his body.

sex Co.; Paige's Hist, of Cambridge; .Savage's Edi- "M 7 day 24. Deare Bro. Bowles was buried,

tion of Winthrop's Hist, of New Eng. ; Records of he hath bene Elder above 5 yeare." — Ro.xhiiiv

Mass. Bay. aninh KiConh, by Rev. John Eliot.

" [1686-7] March 18. . . . I go to Charlestown In the inventory of his estate, Nov. 10, 16S0,
Lecture, and then with Capt Hutchinson to see Suffolk Probate Records, \'ol. IX., folio 2, are in-
dying Major Gookin. He speaks to us. eluded "Armes and Ammunition."


of Edward Tyng (1642). Capt. Gookin (1645) for about forty years was one of the
most active and useful citizens of Cambridge. He was licenser of the printing-press in
in 1663; selectman from 1660 to 1672; representative, 1649 and 1 651, being speaker
the latter year; an assistant from 1652 to 1686, excepting 1676, in which the prejudice
against the Praying Indians, whom he befriended, prevented his election.

He succeeded William Spencer (1637) as lieutenant of the Cambridge train-band,
and on Capt. George Cooke's (1638) departure to England was elected captain, being
'afterward promoted to be sergeant-major of the Middlesex Regiment. He commanded
the first regiment of Middlesex on the division in 1680, and May 11, 16S1, succeeded
Gov. Leverett (1639) as sergeant-major-general, being the last person elected to that
office under the old charter. He was described by Johnson as a " Kentish souldier,"
"a very forward man to advance martial discipline and withal the truths of Christ." In
1676, when major, he was very active in raising and furnishing troops for King Philip's

" He was trusted by Oliver Cromwell as a confidential agent, and was selected by
him to assist in executing his favorite project of transplanting a colony from New
England to Jamaica. He visited England twice, partly at least on public service. On
his last return to this country, the two regicides, Goffe and Whalley, were his fellow-
passengers, and accompanied him to Cambridge, where they arrived in July, 1660. He
was therefore denounced by Randolph as their friend and protector. In the troublesome
contest which commenced soon afterwards, upon the. restoration of Charles II., Major
Gookin [1645] was among the foremost defenders of the chartered rights of the colonists.
He was as resolute in the maintenance of religious as of civil privileges, and when the
Quakers disturbed the peace of the church, he was among the sternest of their judges."
He was an intimate friend of Rev. John Eliot, the apostle to the Indians, and for
many years acted as a general superintendent of Indian affairs, visiting their villages,
holding courts among them, and endeavoring to provide for their welfare. " His reputa-
tion," says Savage, " in the present age stands justly higher than it did during a part of
his life, when his benevolent attempts to serve and save the Indians were misinterpreted,
much obloquy was uttered against him, and he said on the bench of justice, that he was
afraid for his Hfe in walking the streets."

He resided in Cambridge, on what is generally called the Winthrop estate, on the
southerly side of Arrow Street, near the easterly angle of Bow Street. He died March
19, 16S6-7, aged seventy-five years.

Mr. Whitman (1810) seems to estimate him very justly. Major-Gen. Gookin
(1645) "was in disposition lively and active, which, united with generosity, prompted
him to noble actions. Although somewhat tinctured with party spirit, both in religion
and politics, yet he was a firm, dignified republican, and prized religious freedom as
invaluable. As a magistrate, he held the sword of justice with effect, to protect the rights
of his brethren ; and as a soldier, was ever ready to wield the same sword against the
enemies of his country. Piety and morality shone conspicuous in his character ; he had
firmness in a just cause to stem the torrent of popular invective, and convince his
opponents of the wisdom and integrity of his conduct."

Robert Hinsdale (1645), of Dedham, was one of the founders of the church in that
town, Nov. 8, 1638, and became a freeman March 13, 1639. He was among the first
Robert Hinsdale (1645). Authorities: Tilden's Hist, of Medfield; Dedham Records.


thirteen who took up house-lots at Medfield, and his homestead was upon North Street.
He built his house there in 1652. In 1659, he purchased a bell and "brought it up for
the use of the town." Soon after, the town granted him forty-six acres of land near what
is now Collins' Mill, in Millis. He built a mill there, which, it is believed, was burned
by the Indians in 1676. He was active in organizing the Medfield church, was one of
the first board of selectmen in that town, and held the office six years.

He removed from Medfield to Hadley, and thence to Deerfield. He was harvesting
in the cornfield, when he and three of his sons were killed by the Indians, at the same
time, Sept. 18, 1675, when Capt. I^othrop (1645), with the " Flower of Essex," fell at
Bloody Brook.

John Hutchinson (1645) has not been positively identified. There were then two
families of Hutchinsons in the colony. John, of the Salem family, was not born until
1643. John Hutchinson, of Alford, England, was born May 18, 1598. He married,

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