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History of the Military company of the Massachusetts, now called the Ancient and honorable artillery company of Massachusetts. 1637-1888 (Volume 1) online

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deposition, made Dec. 9, 1665, we learn that he was born in 1602. He had fortified
his island home with four small pieces of artillery prior to Mr. Winthrop's visit, in 1630.
He became a freeman Oct. 2, 1632. In 1635, being too much given to hospitality, he
was required to change his residence and move to the peninsula ; but the order was not
strictly enforced. The same year he went to Virginia to buy corn, and arrived home
with two vessels well laden, Aug. 3, 1636. In July, 1637, Samuel Maverick (1658)
entertained Lord Ley and Mr. Vane. Mr. Josselyn says that, July 10, 1638, he went
on shore upon Noddles Island to Mr. Samuel Maverick (1658), who was "the only
hospitable man in all the country; giving entertainment to all comers, gratis." In 1641,
he was prosecuted for receiving into his house persons who had escaped from prison in
Boston; but in 1645 ^^ made a loan to the town, that the fort on Castle Island might
be rebuilt. He was again prosecuted in 1646, and fined fifty pounds for signing a
petition of "a seditious character" to the General Court. In 1664, he was appointed
by the King a commissioner, to perfect peace in the colonies. His name occurs
repeatedly in the Records of the Colony of Massachusetts Bay, but it does not appear
that Mr. Maverick (1658) ever held any position in the colonial militia.

Henry Messinger (1658), of Boston, was a joiner, and was admitted to be a free-
man in 1665. He received a grant of land, Jan. 27, 1640, at Muddy River. The Book

Simon Lynde (1658). Authorities: New continually, as their need require, from the southern

Eng. Hist, and Gen. Reg., 1866; Savage's Gen. Diet. part of the said island." — Records of Mass. Bay,

Samuel Maverick (1658). Authorities: /V. /., /. 104.

Sumner's Hist, of East Boston ; Savage's Gen. Diet.; Winnisimmet Ferry, both to Charlcstown and

New Eng. Hist, and Gen. Reg., 1854; Savage's Boston, was also granted to him forever.

Edition of Winthrop's Hist, of New Eng.; Ehot's Mr. Whitman (1810) gives this name as James

Biog. Diet. Maverick. In the oldest copy of the roll, 1680, it

" [April 1, 1633.] Noddles Island is granted to is plainly written, "Mr SaniH Maverick." Thctran-

Mr. Samuel Maverick, to enjoy to him and his heirs script of 1745 gives the name as James Maverick,

forever, yielding and paying yearly at the general which led Air. Whitman (1810) into an error.



court to the governour for the time being, either a Henry Messinger (1658). Authoritiks :

fat wether, a fat hog, or £\o in money, and shall New Eng. Hist, and Gen. Reg., 1S62; Savage's
give leave to Boston and charlestown to fetch wood Gen. Diet.



1 88 HISTORY OF THE ANCIENT AND [1658-9

of Possessions locates Henry Messinger's (1658) house and garden. His lot was that
on which now stands the building of the Massachusetts Historical Society, and in part
that of the Boston Museum. His will of March 15, 1678, gave the estate to his wife,
who at her death gave it to their two sons. The father died previous to April 30, 1681,
when his estate was appraised. His son, Simeon, joined the Artillery Company in 1675.

Richard Price (1658), of Boston, married, Aug. 18, 1659, Elizabeth Cromwell, only
daughter of Thomas, whom Mr. Savage calls " the prosperous privateersman," and the
Memorial History of Boston designates as "the reformed freebooter." His name, with
that of Simon Lynde (1658) and twenty-four others, is attached to a petition to the
court, October, 1666, in favor of acknowledging the King's authority. He was a free-
man, with prefix of respect, in 1664.

Nathaniel Reynolds (1658), of Boston, was a son of Robert, of Watertown and
Boston, to whom Capt. Robert Keayne (1637) thus refers in his will: "Item, I give
unto our Brother Renolds, shoemaker, senior, Twenty shillings as a token of my respects
to him if he be living two yeares after my decease, not forgetting a word that he spake
publiquely & seasonably in the time of my distresse & other mens vehement opposition
against me."

He married, (i) Nov. 30, 1657, Sarah Dwight, of Dedham. She died July 8, 1663,
and he married, (2) before Feb. 21, 1666, Priscilla Brackett, of Boston. He was
admitted a freeman in 1665, and was in command of the garrison at Chelmsford in
1675-6. On Feb. 25 of that year, the inhabitants of that town petitioned the court to
allow him to remain for their protection. He was interested in the organization of the
town of Bristol, R. I., where he lived for a short time, but later returned to Boston.

May 12, 1675, ^^^ General Court confirmed Nathaniel Reynolds (1658) as lieu-
tenant of the foot company of Capt. William Hudson (1640).

April 27, 1691, the town of Boston granted liberty to Josiah Franklin to erect a
building eight feet square, upon the land belonging to Lieut. Nathaniel Reynolds (1658),
near the South Meeting-House.

He held town office, was constable in 1655, sealer of leather, or inspector of the
transportation of hides, from 1663 to 1692. He is in the Boston tax list of 1695, but
was then a resident of Bristol, R. I.

Joseph Rock (1658), of Boston in 1652, married (i) Elizabeth, daughter of John
Coggan (1638), which brought him a good estate. He married (2) Mary, daughter of
Rev. John Wilson, of Boston. He became a freeman in 1652, and was one of the
founders of the Third, or Old South, Church. He was elected constable of Boston,
March 14, 1653, and on the 4th of April was fined twenty shillings for not accepting
the office. On the i8th of the latter month, he was re-elected, and again was fined
twenty shillings for refusing to accept. In 1654, he served as clerk of the market, and
in 1655 was a constable. His will of Jan 18, 1683, was proved on the 3d of January
next following.

Nathaniel Reynolds (1658). Authorities: Joseph Rock (1658). Authorities: Hill's

New Eng. Hist, and Cen. Reg., 1855, 188S; Sav- Hist, of OIJ South Church; Savage's Gen. Diet.;
age's Gen. Diet.; Shurtleff's Topog. Des. of Boston. Boston Records.



l6S9-6o] HONORABLE ARTILLERY COMPANY. 1 89

John Sunderland (1658), of Boston, was a parchment maker ; became a member
of the First Church, April 9, 1643, and a freeman May 10 following. He was unfor-
tunate in business, and, in 1672, made a conveyance of his goods to John Vial, in trust,
for his wife and children. He removed to Eastham, and there died, Dec. 26, 1703, aged
eighty-five years. His will provided for his widow and children.

Richard Woodcock (1658), of Boston, is called in the Records of Massachusetts
Bay, Vol. IV., Part 2, "armorer" in 1661. He was then paid four pounds and nine
shillings for the repairing of the country's arms. He died Nov. 12, 1662.

Rev. John Mayo, of Boston, preached the annual Artillery sermon in 1658.
He came to America in 1638, was admitted a freeman March 3, 1640, and was
ordained to the gospel ministry, as colleague with Rev. John Lothrop, at Barnstable,
April 15, 1640. He removed to Eastham in 1646, where he preached until Nov. 9,
1655, when he was installed as pastor of the Second, or North, Church in Boston. He
held this relation until 1672, when physical infirmities obliged him to resign, and in
1673 he removed from Boston to Barnstable, to reside with his daughter. There, at
Yarmouthport, he spent the remainder of his days in peace and quiet, dying in May,
1676.



^ .' The officers elected were: Thomas Savage (1637), captain;

I ^Q"00. ^^^'"'^™ Davis (1643), lieutenant; Richard Sprague (163S), ensign.)

^ -^ Robert Turner (1640) was first sergeant; John Biggs (1641), second'

sergeant; William Cottoii (1650), clerk; Thomas Scottow, drummer, and John Audlin
(1638), armorer.

The colony was convulsed this year by the Quakers. A law was passed making it a
capital offence for a Quaker to return into any colony after being banished from it, a
threat that never before had failed of its desired effect. The first six Quakers who were
banished after its enactment departed and never returned, but Marmaduke Ste\enson,
having heard of it in Barbadoes, came to Rhode Island, and with his friend, William
Robinson, announced that he was commanded to come to Boston and lay down his Hfe.

Capt. Edward Hutchinson (1638) and Capt. Thomas Clarke ( 1638), members of
the General Court, entered their dissent against the law. They were not censured or
troubled. The person most conspicuous in doing humane acts toward the persecuted
Quakers was a member of the Military Company of the Massachusetts, Nicholas Upshall
(1637). He fed and sheltered them at the hospitable Red Lion Tavern. He had com-
passion on them when imprisoned, and shared their imprisonment. He was fined, —
banished ; having returned to his home, was imprisoned for two years. When Robinson
and Stevenson were hanged on Boston Common, it was this same Upshall (1637) "who
caused pales to be brought to fence the place, into which they were cast, that so their
bodies might not be preyed upon by the bruit creation."

The new members recruited in 1659-60 were : Hugh Drury, Richard \Valdron.

John Sunderland (1658). Authorities: Second Church, by Chandler Ruiihins; Sprague's
Savage's Gen. Diet. ; Boston Records. Annals of American I'ulpil.

Rev. John Mayo. Authorities : Hist, of the



I go HISTORY OF THE ANCIENT AND [1659-60

Hugh Drury (1659), of Boston in 1640, was a carpenter. He was a member of
the First Church; became a freeman in 1654, and was chosen a surveyor of highways
the same year. He was elected constable of Boston in 1655 and 1656; was appointed
to survey the mill bridge in 1659. He was commissioned lieutenant in Capt. Hench-
man's fifth militia company in Boston, May 16, 1675, and was elected second sergeant
of the Artillery Company in 1664. He resided in Sudbury for a short time, — 1641 to
1645, — but returned to Boston. On the corner of what is now Batterymarch Street
and Liberty Square, once stood a well-known ordinary, which in 1673 ^^^s known as
the "Blue Bell," and as early as 1674 was jointly tenanted by Deacon Henry Allen
(1658) and Hugh Drury (1659). In 1692, it was called the "Castle Tavern," of which
at his decease Hugh Drury (1659) owned a half.

He married (i) Lydia Rice, who died April 5, 1675, and (2) Mary, widow of
Edward Fletcher (1643). He died in July, 1689, and was buried with his wife, Lydia,
in the King's Chapel Burial-Ground.

Richard Waldron (1659), of Dover in 1635, was born at Alcester, Warwick County,
England, in 1615. He was a man of unusual ability and great influence. He was
representative in 1654, 1657, 1661, and very often after for several years, being speaker
from 1666 to 1669 inclusive, 1673, 1674 to 1676, and last in 1679. He was active in
military matters ; became a captain quite early, and served as major in the Indian war
of 1675-6 ; a counsellor under the new form of government of New Hampshire in 16S0 ;
the same year was made commander-in-chief of the militia of the province, and on the
death of President Cutt, in 16S1, was at the head of the province until the arrival of a
royal Governor, Cranfield, in October, 1682. He was killed by the Indians, June 27,
1689, under circumstances of the most inhuman cruelty. He was a brave man, venerable
in years and public service, who had sustained with honor the highest offices in the
province, and long been one of its strongest pillars.

Rev. John Norton, who preached the Artillery election sermon in 1659, also deliv-
ered the election sermon before the Company in 1644.

On the death of Rev. John Cotton, of Boston, in December, 1652, Rev. John
Norton received a call to succeed him, which, being accepted in 1653, he was installed
July 23, 1656. He occupied the pulpit of the First Church until his decease, April 5,
1663. His wife, a daughter of John Fernsley, of Suffolk, England, joined those who
seceded from the First Church on the ordination of Rev. John Davenport, of New
Haven, as the successor of her husband, and founded the Third, or Old South, Church.
On the ist of April, 1669, she gave by deed the land on which the Old South meeting-
house stands, corner of Washington and Milk streets, and in 1677 she gave the
remainder of her land, and the house in which she resided.

Hugh Drury (1659). Authorities: Hud- Diet.; Sketches of Hist, of New Hampshire, by

son's Hist, of Sudbury; Boston Records; Savage's John M. Whiton.

Gen. Diet.; New Eng. Hist, and Gen. Reg., Rev. John Norton. Authoritiks: Mather's

1S77. Magnalia; Maclure's Life of Norton; Young's

Richard Waldron (1659). AuTHOKlTllis: Chron. ; New Eng. Memorial; Emerson's Hist, of

New Eng. Hist, and Gen. Reg., 1855; Savage's Gen. First Church in Boston,



«66o-i] HONORABLE ARTILLERY COMPANY.



191



^ ^ The officers elected were : Daniel Denison (1660), captain ; William

I DOO' I .Hudson (1640), lieutenant , Tliomas Lake (1653), ensign. John Webb

(1655) was first sergeant ; Thomas ClarTve "( 1*344) ) second sergeant,

William Cotton (1650), clerk; Thomas Scottow, drummer, and John Audlin (1638),

armorer.

Massachusetts had not officially proclaimed either Cromwell or his son as Lord
High Protector, and was tardy in acknowledging allegiance to Charles IL Learning,
however, that the Quakers in England were making complaints against the colonial
government, the General Court adopted a loyal address, in which they represented
"New England kneeling with the rest of your subjects, before your Majesty as her
restored king." A brief but gracious answer was returned, followed by an order for the
arrest of Gens. Goffe and Whalley, the fugitive regicides, who had come to Boston.

The regicides, Lieut -Gen. Edward Whalley and Major-Gen. William Goffe, sat as
judges at the trial of King Charles L They served under Cromwell during the civil
war and after it, being. Savage says, relatives of the Great Protector. On the Restora-
tion, they fled from England, and arrived at Boston July 27, 1660. They were
courteously received by the Governor, magistrates, and principal men.

The regicides, in February, 1661, proceeded to New Haven, Conn., lived there in
concealment, and in October, 1664, took up permanent residence at Hadley, with Rev.
John Russell. Goffe died about 1679, ^"d Whalley a year or two previously.

The new members recruited in 1660-1 were : Matthew Barnard, Daniel Denison,
John Hull, Zechariah Phillips, and Daniel Turell.

Matthew Barnard (1660), of Boston, a carpenter, was born in England. His
father, Bartholomew, of Boston, who, with his family, came to America in 1651, was also
a carpenter. Matthew (1660) was admitted a freeman in 1673; is called sergeant in
Boston Records, Feb. 29, 1671-2 ; was first sergeant of the Artillery Company in 1664,
and a lieutenant in the military company under command of Capt. John Richards
(1644), May 12, 1675.

He died May 9, 1679, aged fifty-four years, and was buried on Copp's Hill.

His brother, Richard, joined the Artillery Company in 1662 ; his son John in
1677 ; his son Thomas in 1681.

Daniel Denison (1660), son of William, of Roxbury, was born in England in 1612,
being about nineteen years of age when he came to America. He passed the first year
after his arrival in Roxbury with his parents, but removed the following year, 1633, to
Cambridge, his name being on the list of first settlers and church-members He there
married Patience, daughter of Gov. Thomas Dudley. He took the oath of a freeman .\pril
I, 1634, and in 1635 moved to Ipswich, Mass. He was there chosen deputy in 1635,
1636, and 1637, and also from 1640 to 1652 inclusive. The honor of the speakership
was conferred upon him during the sessions of 1649, and again in the years 165 1 and
1652. He held other local offices between 1636 and 1643, and in the latter year the

Matthew Barnard (1660). Authokitiks: Eng. Hist, and Gen. Reg., 1S51, 1854, 1S69; S.iv-

Records of Mass. Bay; Savage's Gen. Diet.; Copp's age's Edition of Winthrop's Hist, of New Kng.;

Hill Burial-Ground, by Bridgman; New Eng. Hist. Eliot's Biog. Diet.; Records of Mass. Bay; Denison

and Gen. Reg., 184S. Memorial, Ipswich, 1S82,

Daniel Denison (1660). Authorities: New



192 HISTORY OF THE ANCIENT AND [1660-1

town presented him with two hundred acres of land. He held the office of assistant
from 1654 until his decease. In 1637, he was a member of the memorable court which
judged Mrs. Hutchinson and her antinomian sympathizers. He was captain of the first
volunteer train-band of Ipswich, 1636; and, in 1643, ^s it was reported that a conspiracy
existed among the native tribes against the whites, Capt. Denison (1660), with five
others, was ordered to " put the country into a posture of war." Enlistments were made
in Ipswich and the adjoining towns ; a military company was incorporated, and the town
agreed to pay Major Denison (1660) twenty-four pounds seven shillings annually, to
be their military leader.

Mr. Johnson (1637), in his Wonder-Working Providence, thus speaks of him:
" Their [Essex and Norfolk Regiments'] first Major who now commandeth this regi-
ment is the proper and valiant Major Daniel Denison [1660] ; a good soldier, and
of a quick capacity, not inferior to any other of these chief officers ; his own company are
well instructed in feats and warlike activity."

In 1644, he became the first sergeant-major of the Essex Regiment, and, in 1653,
sergeant-major-general, as successor to Gen. Sedgwick (1637).

In 1646, Major Denison (1660) was selected by the General Court, with Deputy-
Gov. Dudley and Hawthorne, with full powers to settle with D'Aulnay, a French Governor
in Acadia. In 1647, he was appointed one of the justices of the inferior court, sitting
at Ipswich. In May, 1658, he was selected by the General Court to codify the laws of
the colony, " to diligently peruse, examine, compare," retaining the plain and good,
and rejecting the obscure and contradictory. In a few months, the work was done and
the laws were printed in one volume. As a compensation for "transcribing the lawes "
the court granted him a quarter part of Block Island. In 1657, he was appointed to
confer with the dissatisfied people of Maine, which resulted in the jurisdiction of Massa-
chusetts being extended over Kittery, York, etc. Major Denison (1660) was one of the
commissioners of Massachusetts at the Congress of the Confederated New England
Colonies. He was outspoken in regard to the Quakers in 1657, and was opposed to the
war against the Narragansets. The command of an expedition against the Indians he
declined. During King Philip's War, in 1675, Major Denison (1660) was commander-
in-chief of the Massachusetts forces. Being prevented by illness from taking the field, the
active command devolved on Major Thomas Savage (1637). Oct. 10, 1677, the General
Court granted to Gen. Denison (1660) an island of six or seven acres, opposite the
middle of his farm, for his distinguished services. In 1660, he was captain of the Artil-
lery Company.

Notwithstanding his life was so busy with public matters, he found time to write
and publish, " Irenicon, or Salve for New England's Sore."

Gen. Denison (1660) died Sept. 20, 1682. Mr. Randolph, in 1673, enumerates
him as " among the most popular and well-principled men." His pastor selected as
the text for his funeral sermon, " For, behold, the Lord, the Lord of hosts, doth take
away from Jerusalem and from Judah the stay and the staff, the whole stay of bread,
and the whole stay of water, the mighty man, and the man of war, the judge, and the
prophet, and the prudent, and the ancient, the captain of fifty, and the honorable man,
and the counsellor, and the cunning artificer, and the eloquent orator." (Isaiah iii. 1-3.)

He was buried in High Street burying-ground, Ipswich, Mass. A heavy slab of red
stone, the inscriptions of which are nearly obliterated, marks his grave.



'660-I] HONORABLE ARTILLERY COMPANY.



193



John Hull (1660), of Boston, was the son of Robert Hull, a blacksmith, who was
a brother of Capt. John Hull (1638). He was born Dec. 18, 1624, at Market Har-
borough, Leicester County, England, and came to America in the ship " George," with
his parents, from Bristol, England, arriving Nov. 7, 1635. "He was," says Mather,
" the son of a poor woman, but dutiful to and tender of his mother, which Mr. Wilson,
his minister, observing, pronounced that God would bless him, and although he was
then poor, yet he should raise a large estate." In his diaries, he left accounts which
are of interest, as showing the inner life of a Puritan merchant interested in the military.
He was admitted a freeman May 2, 1649, and in his twenty- third year (11"' 3'' mo,
1647) married Judith, daughter of Edmund Quincy.

Massachusetts was the only colony that attempted to coin money. The General
Court authorized John Hull (1660), "a silversmith," and Robert Sanderson, of Boston,
for "melting, refyning and cojning of silver." Three denominations were coined,
shilling, sixpence, and threepence. The first coinage (1652) had only the initials of
New England on one side and Roman numerals, XH., VL, or HI., expressive of value,
on the other. The coinage for thirty years bore the date " 1652." Very soon, however,
the court ordered that all pieces of money should have on one side, " Massachusetts,"
and a pine-tree in the centre, and " New England," with the date on the other. Mr.
Hull (1660) was allowed to take as his pay fifteen pence out of every twenty shillings.
The court soon discovered that Mr. Hull (1660) had a very advantageous contract, and
sought to be released, but Mr. Hull (1660) declined so to do. The mint-master
amassed a large fortune by the profits of his contract. Hannah, his only child who
grew up, married, Feb. 14, 1658, Samuel Sewall (1679), afterward chief-justice of the
province. Mr. Whitman (1810) repeats the tradition, that when dressed for the
wedding and in presence of the guests, her father placed her in his large scales, and
piled on the silver shillings in the other until the scales balanced. It is said that thus
Judge Sewall (1679) received, with the bride, thirty thousand pounds in New England
shillings.

Capt. Hull (1660) was ensign of the Artillery Company in 1663, lieutenant in 1664,
and captain in 167 1 and 1678. He continued a member of the Company until his
death. He kept a book in which he made minutes of the sermons preached at the
General Court and Artillery elections, in short-hand mostly. He noted the preacher's
name, text, and place of residence. We are indebted to him for much of our knowledge
concerning the preachers of those early years of the Company. Mr. Whitman (1810)
states that he had one of these note-books, consisting exclusively of sermons. It was of
pocket size, originally fastened by brass clasps, and contained quotations from Latin
and Greek authors, proving that Mr. Hull (1660) was a student, and acipiainted with
the ancient languages. One of his maxims, written in English, apparently in the (piiv-
ering hand of old age, is, " The affairs of our estate are come to that pass, that though
we be bound to feel them, we have no leisure to report them."

John Hull (1660). Authorities: Records Hull Street, ISoston, is named for (apt. John

of Mass. Bay; Drake's Hist, of Boston; Savage's Hull (i56o), through whose pasture it was laid out.

Gen. Diet. The ground was conveyed to the town liy Judge

" 1671. I was chosen by the town of Westfield Samuel Sewall and wife, on the express condition

for their deputy for the General Court. I was also that the street should always bear that name. For

chosen by the Artillery Company for their Captain. his wife, Judith, that much-dreaded point of Narra-

The Lord make me diligent and humble ! " — Hull's gansett Bay, where Neptune e.xacts his tribute from

Diary. voyagers through the sound, is named.



194 HISTORY OF THE ANCIENT AND [t66o-i

Mr. Hull (1660) was appointed a corporal in the militia May 29, 1648 ; a sergeant
June 28, 1652; chosen ensign April, 1654; clerk of a company April 25, 1656; was
elected representative for Wenham in 1668; for Westfield from 1671 to 1674, and for
Salisbury in 1679. He was town treasurer in 1660-1, and selectman from 1657 to 1667
inclusive, except 1661. He was treasurer of Massachusetts, 1676 to 1679, and was an
assistant from 1680 until his decease. He was a member of the First Church, but with-
drew, and assisted in May, 1669, in establishing the Third, or Old South, Church, and
was at one time its treasurer. He was promoted to be lieutenant in 1673, and to be
captain in 1675. He gave a legacy of one hundred pounds to Harvard College.

He died Sept. 30, 1683, and his remains were buried in the Granary Burial-Ground.
He was an active, useful, and enterprising citizen.

Zechariah Phillips (1660), of Boston, in April, 1660, was licensed by the selectmen



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