Oliver Ayer Roberts.

History of the Military company of the Massachusetts, now called the Ancient and honorable artillery company of Massachusetts. 1637-1888 (Volume 1) online

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to establish a grammar school in Sudbury, and one hundred pounds to Harvard College.

A portrait of Rev. Mr. Brown was owned by the late Henry A. Whitney, of Boston.

John Paine (1666). Authoritv: Savage's Thomas Watkins (1666). .\uthority: Sav-

Tien. Diet. age's Gen. Diet.

William Sedgwick (1666). Authorities: Rev. Edmund Brown. Authorities: ^!alh-

Savage's Gen. Diet.: Wyman's Genealogies and cr's Magnalia; Hudson's Hist, of Sudbury; Sav-
Estates of Charlestown. age's Gen. Diet.; Sprague's Annals of American



y^ ^ Q The officers elected were: Isaac Johnson (1645), captain; John

I 007'O. Richards (1644), Heutenant ; Richard Woodde (1642), ensign. Moses

• Paine (1644) was first sergeant; Laurence Hammond (1666), second

sergeant; Ephraim Turner (1663), clerk; John Audlin (1638), armorer, and Joshua

Hughes, drummer.

The new members recruited in 1667-8 were : Freegrace Bendall, Samuel Bosworth,
George Broughton, William Kent, John Ratcliff, Nathaniel Williams.

Freegrace Bendall (1667) was the eldest son of Edward Bendall (163S), and was
baptized July 5, 1635. March 11, 1666-7, he applied for a lot to build a house u])on,
and, Aug. 26, 1667, the selectmen reported that he had been accommodated "with a
piece of ground on Fort Hill as appears by deeds [lease] of May 27, 1667," with the
privilege to wharf out upon the flats. In 1668-9, he served the town as constable, and
in 1670 was made clerk of the Superior Court. For some years prior to his death, the
town allowed him and others to plant upon the unoccupied portion of Fort Hill.

He married Mary, daughter of Francis Lyall ( 1640), and, with her, was drowned, June
6, 1676, while returning from Noddles Island to town, by the overturning of his boat in a
sudden squall. They left eight children, " five of which so small not able to shift for
themselves"; whereupon the town, March 13, 1681-2, remitted the twenty shillings per
annum required to be paid by the lease of Aug. 26, 1667, and the house and land were
sold for the benefit of the children.

Freegrace Bendall (1667) was clerk of the Company from i66g to 1672 inclusive,
and ensign in 1676.

Samuel Bosworth (1667) was a son of Zacheus (1650), of Boston, and was born
March 4, 1643. .He married Mercy, daughter of Thomas Bumstead (1647). " ^Vidow
Franke" was approved by the selectmen, April 23, 1677, to keep a house of entertainment
"provided y' Samuell Bosworth [1667] keepe y"' house or some other carefull & Suffitient
man to manage it." In 1678, Clement Grosse was licensed, "provided y' Samuel
Bosworth [1667] drawe the beere," to sell "beere & syder." He was employed by
" Widow Franckes" in 1679, but in 16S0 was himself licensed to sell beer and cider. In
1 68 1, the license was granted to Widow Bosworth, implying the death of Samuel (1667)
in the latter part of 1680.

George Broughton (1667) resided in Massachusetts in 1667, but was of Dover or
Kittery in 1680. In 1670, he was at Berwick. Mr. Hubbard, in his Indian Wars,
mentions George Broughton (1667) as of Salmon Falls in 1675. The same year, he had
command of the forty men sent from Boston and Essex County for the better security
of Dover. He was captain of a company at Kittery in 1682. He is mentioned in the
Boston Town Records of Aug. 18, 1690. He had died May i, 1691, as Widow Broughton
is then named in the records. They had children born in Boston in 1667, 1670, 1672,
1673, and 1677.

Freegrace Bendall (1667). .\uTHoKrniis: caped by the help of an oar." — Se-^uairs Diary,

Boston Records; Savage's Gen. Diet. Vol. /., /. 13.

"[1676] Tuesday June 6. Mr Bendall, Mrs Samuel Bosworth (1667). Authorities:

Bendall, Mr James Edmunds and a Quaker female Boston Records; Savage's Gen. Diet,

were drowned; their boat (in which coming from George Broughton (1667). AUTiioKiriES:

Nodles Hand) being overset, and sinking by reason Boston Records; Records of Mass. Bay.
of ballast. Mr. Charles Lidget [1679] hardly es-


William Kent (1667), of Boston in 1662, had permission of the selectmen, Nov.
27, 1665, "to keep a Cooke Shop," which was renewed April 27, 1668. He continued
in this business, licensed annually, until April 25, 1681, when he was approved by the
selectmen to keep a house for public entertainment. In 1677-8, he was clerk of the
market. He is recorded as innholder May i, 1691, but June 26, 1693, the license is
given to Hannah Kent. William Kent (1667) was first sergeant of the Artillery
Company in 167 1 and ensign in 1673. He died July 9, 1691.

John Ratcliff (1667), of Boston, was a bookbinder. "An English binder, John
Ratlife (or Ratcliffe), whom a prospect of work on the Indian Bible brought to New
England, was employed by Mr. Usher [163S], and paid two and sixpence per Bible, he
finding 'thread, glue, pasteboard, and leather claps,' for himself. In 1664, he addressed
a memorial to the commissioners of the United Colonies, complaining of the insuffi-
ciency of this pay. ' I finde by experience,' — he writes, from Boston, Aug. 30
[1663], — 'that in things belonging to my trade, I here pay iSs. for that which in
England I could buy for four shillings, they being things not formerly much used in this
country.' " '

Nathaniel Williams (1667), of Boston, son of Nathaniel Williams (1644), was born
in Boston, Sept. 25, 1642. He married (i) Mary, daughter of Peter Oliver (1643)
and widow of Jonathan Shrimpton (1665). He was admitted a freeman in 1676 and had
a grant of land in 1679. He, not his father (1644), was a commissary in King Philip's
War. He was a member of the Old South Church, and was elected deacon Oct. 15, 1693.
He was a constable of Boston in 1677-8; surveyor, 1684-5 > 'he first named of the first
board of overseers of the poor, chosen in the town of Boston March 9, 1 690-1, and
selectman in 1692-3. He was fourth sergeant of the Artillery Company in 1676, ensign
in 16S4, second sergeant in 1690, and lieutenant in 1693.

Rev. Samuel Danforth, of Roxbury, delivered the Artillery election sermon. He
was born in Framingham, Suffolk County, England, September, 1626, and came over
with his father, Nicholas, of Cambridge, in 1634. His mother died when he was about
three years of age. Samuel graduated at Harvard College in 1643, was admitted a
freeman in 1647, and attained some reputation as an astronomer and as a poet,
publishing almanacs from 1646 to 1649 inclusive. On the 24th of September, 1650,
he was ordained as colleague to the Rev. John Eliot, pastor of the First Church in
Roxbury, and the so-called "Apostle to the Indians." He was married, Nov. 5, 165 1,
to Mary, daughter of the Rev. John Wilson, of Boston, brother-in-law of Capt. Robert
Keayne (1637). He died Nov. 19, 1674, aged forty-eight years. His widow married
Joseph Rock (1658), of Boston, and, surviving him, died Sept. 13, 1713, aged eighty-
one years.

William Kent (1667). Authorities: Boston days, very pleasant weather. Capt. Williams [1667]

Records; see Records of Mass. Bay, Vol. IV., p. 302. buried; Bearers, Col. Checkley, Capt Hill, Mr.Tay,

Nathaniel Williams (1667). Authuritiiis : &c." — Saoul/ I\ipirs.
Hist, of Old South Church; Boston Records. Rev. Samuel Danforth. Authurities: Am.

" Lords Day Dec. 12, 1 7 14: Neither Capt Bel- (^)uarttrly Register, \III.; Drake's Hist, of Rox-

char nor Capt Williams abroad. . . . [Dec. 13] I bury; .Si\lh Report of Boston Rec. Com.; Sibley's

visited Capt Williams [1667], who has been very Ilarv. Graduates; Mather's Magnalia; Sptague's

sick since last Wednesday. Tells me he was 71 Annals of American Pulpit,
years old that day my son was ordain'd. Desires ' Mem. Hist, of Boston, Vol. I., p. 469.

Trayers. . . . [Dec. 25] Shops open &c. as on other


^' ■ i



/- ^ Q The officers elected were : Thomas Savage (1637), captain ; Richard

lOOO"Q. Cooke (1643), heutenant; Moses Paine (1644), ensign. Tobias Davis

-' (1666) was first sergeant; David Saywell (1664), second sergeant;

Thomas Watkins (1666), clerk; John Audlin (1638), armorer, and Joshua Hughes,


The Third Congregational Church in Boston, now usually styled the Old South
Church, was formed at Charlestown, on the 12th and i6th of the third month, /. c, of
May, 1669, O. S. The original members or founders of this church were fifty-two in
number ; twenty-nine were males and twenty-three females. Of the twenty-nine males,
the following-named seventeen persons were members of the Military Company of the
Massachusetts : —

Theodore Atkinson (1644). Peter Oliver (1643).

Joseph Belknap (1658). Seth Perry (1662).

Peter Brackett (1648). Joseph Rock (1658).

Thomas Brattle (1675). Thomas Savage (1637).

Joseph Davis (1675). Joshua Scottow (1645).

V William Davis (1643). Benjamin Thurston (1675).

Theophilus Frary (1666). Hezekiah Usher (1638).

John Hull (1660). John Wing (1671).
John Morse (1671).

The new members recruited in 1668-9 were: John Crafts, Thomas Foster, Joseph
Lyall, Edward Tyng, Jr.

John Crafts (1668), of Roxbury, son of Griffin Crafts, of Roxbury, who came with
Winthrop in 1630, was born in Roxbury July 10, 1630, the earliest born in town,
according to town records. He married, (i) June 7, 1654, Mary Wheelock, who died
in November, 1667, and, (2) March 30, 1669, Mary Hudson, of Lynn. He died Sept.
3> 1685.

Thomas Foster (1668), of Roxbury, son of Thomas Foster, of Weymouth and
Braintree, and probably a nephew of Hopestill (1642), was born at Weymouth .Aug. 18,
1640. He moved to Roxbury about 1662, and removed to Cambridge about 1672.
He married, Oct. 15, 1662, Sarah Parker. On the court files of 1678, he is styled
"physician." He died Sept. 16, 1679, according to the town record, — or Oct. 28, 1679,
as inscribed on his headstone, — "aged 39 years."

Joseph Lyall (1668), of Boston, son of Francis Lyall (1640), was born in Boston,
March 14, 1654. Mr. Farmer says that Joseph was a lawyer. He does not appear to
be mentioned in the records of Boston.

Edward Tyng, Jr. (1668), son of Major-Gen. Edward Tyng (1642), was born in
Boston, March 26, 1649. He was a lieutenant in Capt. Davenport's company during the
Narraganset expedition. Mr. Drake, in the Old Indian Chronicle, says : " Before our

John Crafts (1668). Authorities: Savage's Edward Tyng, Jr. (1668.) AuTHoRrrv: Sav-

Gen. Diet.; New Eng. Hist, and Gen. Reg., 1880. age's Gen. Diet.

Thomas Foster (1668). Authority: New
Eng. Hist, and flcn. Reg., 1872, p. 395.


men came up to take possession of the Fort, the Indians shot three bullets through Capt
Davenport [son of Richard (1639)], whereupon he bled extreamel)', and immediately
called for his Lieutenant, Mr. Edward Tyng [1668], and committed the charge of the
Company to him."

In 1680, Lieut. Tyng (1668) removed to Falmouth (Portland), and soon after
married Elizabeth Clark. He was in command of Fort Loyal in 1680 and 1681 ; a
councillor and magistrate under President Danforth ; in 16S6, was one of the council of
his brother-in-law, Gov. Joseph Dudley (1677), ^"d afterward under Andros, who
made him lieutenant-colonel. He commanded in the province of Sagadahoc in 1688
and 1689.

After Nova Scotia was conquered, he was made Governor of Annapolis, and on his
voyage to that colony he was taken by the French, and carried to France, where he
died. Administration on his estate was granted his brother, Jonathan, in April, 1701.

Rev. John Wilson, of Medfield, delivered the Artillery election sermon in 166S.
He was a son of Rev. John Wilson, the first pastor of the First Church in Boston, and a
nephew of Capt. Robert Keayne (1637). Rev. John, Jr., was bom in England in
September, 162 1 ; graduated at Harvard College in its first graduated class, 1642 ; joined
the First Church in Boston, March 3, 1644, and was ordained as colleague with Rev.
Richard Mather, at Dorchester, in 1649. He settled at Medfield in 1651, and there
preached until his decease, Aug. 23, 1691.

^ ^ The officers elected were : Peter Oliver (1643), captain ; Richard

J QQQ"VQ^ Woodde (1642), lieutenant; Richard Way (1642), ensign. Simon

■^ ' Lynde (1658) was first sergeant; Ephraim Turner (1663), second

sergeant; Freegrace Bendall (1667), clerk; John Audlin (1638), armorer, and Joshua

Hughes, drummer.

March 14, 1669-70, Capt. Peter Oliver (1643) ^^^^ chosen "sealer of waights &
Measures," as appears by the Boston Town Records. April 16, 1670, it is recorded in
them, that " vpon the decease of Cap' Peter OUiuer [1643] Cap' James OUiuer [1640]
is chosen sealer of waights & measures."

He died while in command of the Artillery Company, — the second instance of the
kind, the first being that of Major-Gen. Gibbons (1637), who died Dec. 9, 1654.

The new members recruited in 1669-70 were : James Russell and Edward

James Russell (1669), of Charlestown, born Oct. 4, 1640, was the eldest son of
Hon. Richard Russell (1644), who settled in Charlestown in 1640. James (1669)
married (i) Mabel, daughter of Gov. Haynes (1639), of Connecticut, and (3) Mary,
daughter of Henry Walcott. His fourth wife was Abigail (Hathorne) Curwin. He was
admitted a freeman in 166S; was representative in 1679; treasurer of the colony, i6So

Rev. John Wilson. Authorities: Savage's Hist, of Middlesex Co.. \'ol. I., pp. 28, 29; New

Clen. Diet.; Sprague's Annals of American Pulpit; Eng. Hist, and Gen. Reg., 1S75; Savage's Gen.

Tililcn's Hist, of Medlield. Diet.; Frothingham's Hist, of Charlestown.

James Russell (1669). Authorities: Hurd's


to 1685 ; judge of probate, June 18, 1692 ; judge of the Court of Common Pleas, 1692 to
1707; one of the Governor's council, 1692 to 170S, and a member of the Council of
Safety in 1689. He was first sergeant of the Artillery Company in 1672.

A slab in the burying-ground in Charlestown, still standing, has upon it this inscrip-
tion : " Here lies interred the body of James Russell Esqr Son of Richard and Maud
his wife, who was born in this town Oct. 4, 1640, and was elected Counsellor for the
Colony in the year 1680. He was annually chosen saving those few years in the reign
of King James when the people were deprived of that privilege. He also served God
and his Country in many other eminent stations as a Treasurer, a Judge, and in other
places of great trust, all which he discharged as becomes a faithful steward. He
exchanged Earth for Heaven on Thursday April 28, 1709."

Edward Shippen (1669), the son of William Shippen, was born in England in
1639. He came to New England in 1668, and settled in Boston, where he engaged in
mercantile pursuits with great success. He owned a house and two acres of ground,
which included what is now Tremont Row, and a part of Scollay Square. He bought
this property, previously owned by David Yale (1640), who purchased it of Edward
Bendall (1638), in 1678, and sold it in 1702. He was a member of the church, and a
popular citizen until 1671, when he married Elizabeth Lybrand, a Quakeress, and joined
the Society of Friends. He became at once a mark for New England intolerance and
fanaticism, and was forced to take his share of the "jailments" and scourgings which
were visited upon his sect. In 1693, a meteor appeared in the Massachusetts atmos-
phere, and was made the signal for a fresh persecution of Quakers and Baptists, during
which Mr. Shippen (1669) was banished. He went to Philadelphia, bought a lot, built
a house, and by the end of 1694 had closed up his business in Boston and removed his
family and effects to the new city, having first erected a memorial "on the green," near
a " pair of gallows, where several of our friends had suffered death for the truth and were
thrown into a hole."

Mr. Shippen (1669) was a man of wealth, talents, and high character, and his
mansion was a "princely place." He soon stepped to the front in the new community,
and Penn lavished honors and ofifices upon him. He was early chosen to the assembly,
and was its speaker in 1695 ; the first mayor of Philadelphia under the charter of 1701,
and in 1702-4 president of the council after Andrew Hamilton's death, and ex-offia'o
deputy-governor of the province until Penn sertt over his son, William, Jr., and John
Evans, to supersede him.

In 1704, Mr. Shippen (1669) married his third wife, Elizabeth James, and as she
was not a Quakeress he withdrew himself from the society, but continued on good terms
with it, and prominent in public affairs, until his death, Oct. 2, 1712.

Rev. Samuel Torrey, of Weymouth, delivered the Artillery election sermon of
1669. He was a son of Capt. William Torrey (1641), who came over in 1640, bringing
his son, Samuel. They came from Combe St. Nicholas, Somerset County, England, and
settled in Weymouth. He entered Harvard College, but left at the expiration of three
years. He continued his studies, however, and was ordained Feb. 14, 1665, to succeed

Edward Shippen (1669). Authorities: Sav- Rev. Samuel Torrey. Authorities: Sav-

age's Gen. Diet,; Whitman's Hist. A. and H. A. age's Gen. Diet. ; Eliot's Biog. Diet.
Company, Ed. 1S42.


Rev. Thomas Thacher at Weymouth. He preached the election sermon before the Legis-
lature in 1674, 1683, and 1695, an honor conferred in no other instance in Massachu-
setts. He was twice chosen president of Harvard College, but declined both elections.

He married, (i) May 15, 1657, Mary, daughter of Edward Rawson, and, (2) July 30,
1695, Mary, widow of William Symmes.

He was admitted a freeman in 1669, and, having preached more than fifty years,
died April 21, 1707, aged seventy-five years.

^ The officers elected were: John Leverett (1639), captain; John

I OT'O" I . Richards (1644), lieutenant; Laurence Hammond (1666), ensign.

• Elisha Hutchinson (1670) was first sergeant; Thomas Snawsnell (1666),

second sergeant; Freegrace Bendall (1667), clerk; John Audlin (163 8), armorer, and

Joshua Hughes, drummer.

The new members recruited in 1670-1 were : Elisha Hutchinson, Thomas Norman,
Samuel Shrimpton, and Jonathan Tyng.

Elisha Hutchinson (1670), son of Capt. Edward (1638), was born in Boston,
Nov. 16, 1641. He was admitted a freeman in 1666; represented Boston in the
General Court from 1680 to 1683; was selectman from 1678 to 1687 inclusive, except
1681 ; assistant in 1684, 1685, and 1686; was one of the council in 1689, and under
the new or provincial charter, in 1692, he was a councillor, and was continued in that
office until his death, Dec. 10, 171 7. He was a captain in the Boston militia, and
sergeant-major of the regiment, succeeding John Richards (1644), and was the last
person who held that office. On the reorganization of the militia, he was made major
of the Suffolk Regiment under Col. Shrimpton (1670) ; in 1694 was promoted to be
lieutenant-colonel, and in 1699 to be colonel, which office he held until 1703. In 1692,
he was appointed commander-in-chief of the forces sent against the French and Indians,
then in arms in the Province of Maine, and in 1702 was commander of the Castle.
He was first sergeant of the Artillery Company in 1670, ensign in 1 671, lieutenant in
1674, and its captain in 1676, 1684, 1690, and 1697. Mr. Whitman (1810) adds,
Col. Hutchinson (1670) "continued a member through the troubles of Andros's admin-
istration, and was [one of] the principal and leading characters who caused the
resuscitation of the Company afterwards, being chosen in the autumn of 1690 to
command a second [third] time, until the next anniversary election." He was a
member of the Company for forty-seven years.

He married, (i) Nov. 19, 1665, Hannah, daughter of Capt. Thomas Hawkins
(1638), who died Oct. 9, 1676, and, (2) Sept. 12, 1677, Elizabeth (Clarke) Freak,
daughter of Major Thomas Clarke (1644). The store and property of Major Clarke
(1644), an eminent merchant of Boston, at the North End, long continued in the

Elisha Hutchinson (1669). Authorities: lency the Governor, Lt Gov. Dumer; Col Tailer;

New Eng. Ilist. and Gen. Reg., 1847, 3°°; 1S65, Sain'l Sewall, Col. Townsend, Simeon Stodd.inl, esi].

15 ; Report of r.oston Rec. Com., 1634-1660, f/jty.,- Was buried in the South burying place, in Mr.

Savage's Gen. Diet.; Mem. Ilist. of Boston, Vol. II., Freaks Toml), where his last wife was buried. Now

p. 462; Whitman's Ilist. A. and H. A. Company. . I have been a Bearer to three of my Wives Bearers

"[1717] Dec. 13. Col Hutchinson is buried, in less than two Moneths lime." — Sc.i'all Papers,

the Regiment being in Arms. Bearers, His Excel- Vol. III., /. 155.


family, and a part became afterward known as Hutchinson's Wliarf. His house was in
the North Square. " This part of the town, about his day, became the ' Court End,'
where the heaviest shipping laded and unladed and the most extensive business was
transacted." His son, Thomas, vvho was grandfather of Gov. Hutchinson of Revolution-
ary fame, joined the Artillery Company in 1694.

In 1695-6, the General Court gave the monopoly of making salt "after the manner
as it is made in France," for fourteen years, to Elisha Hutchinson (1670) and two other
merchants of Boston. They set up their works on the marshes by the Neck, toward
Roxbury. In 17 16, they admitted to their number eleven associates, of whom eight
were members of the Artillery Company.

He was in London in 1688, and joined in a remonstrance to King James II. He
had been commander at Castle Island, and sustained that office when Dudley arrived,
but was removed to make way for the new order of things, and was succeeded by
Lieut.-Gov. Povey, after which, and until the Revolution, ihat office was a sinecure. He
was one of the commissioners, with Col. Townsend (1674) and President Leverett
(1704), son of Hudson Leverett (1658), to Port Royal, in 1707, and commander of the
colonial forces when the new charter arrived.

Thomas Norman (1670), of Pjoston in 1670-4, probably removed to Topsfield,
where he was living when made a freeman in 1681.

Samuel Shrimpton (1670), of Boston, son of Henry, of Boston, and cousin of
Jonathan (1665), was born in Boston, May 31, 1643, and became a freeman in 1673.
In March of the latter year, having been elected constable, he expressed his desire in
public meeting to pay a fine of ten pounds rather than serve in that office, " which was
accepted by the town." He was ensign of the Artillery Company in 1672, lieutenant
in 1673, and its captain in 1694. He was very active in the revival of the Company
after Andros's administration, and was made colonel of the Suffolk Regiment April
20, 16S9 — being the first person who held that office after the abolition of the office of
sergeant-major as the commander of a regiment. He died while holding the office
of colonel, Feb. 9, 1698, aged fifty-five years.

Col. Shrimpton (1670) was a large landholder. In 1673, he purchased of John
Turner a piece of land "on the way leading up from the training field to Gentry hill,"
which is a part of the present State House estate. After John Turner's death, in 1681,
Col. Shrimpton (1670) bought of his executors the remainder of the summit of Beacon
Hill, reserving unto the town of Boston its " privileges and interest on the top of said
hill and passage from the Common thereto." He also owned a piece of land in King
Street, now occupied by the Union Bank building, and on account of this possession
Exchange Street was for many years known as Shrimpton's Lane.

Thomas Norman (1670). Authority: Sav- Sam' Shrimpton was buried with Arms: Ten Com-

age's Gen. Diet. panics, 8 [Boston companies], Muddy River and

Samuel Shrimpton (1670). Authorities: Sconce: No Horse nor Trumpet : butahorseled —

Whitman's Hist. A. and H. A. Company; Savage's Mr. Dyers, the colonel's would not endure the

Gen. Diet.; Province Laws of Mass. Bay; New Eng. cloathing: Mourning coach also .and Horses in

Hist, and Gen. Reg., 1854, 1861, i8Sg; Sumner's Mourning: Scutcheon on their sides and Death

Hist, of East Boston. he.ads on their foreheads: Coach stood by the way

"[1697-8] Fourth day Febr 9. Last night here and there and mov'd solitarily. ... Capt Clark

about nine of ye Clock, Col Shrimpton dyes of an fired twelve great guns at the Sconce." — St-wo//

Apoplexy. . . . Second day Febr 14. 1697/8. Col. /'a/f«, //. 470, 471.


He was one of Sir Edmund Andres's council in 1687, "without partaking in his
tyranny"; one of the Council of Safety in 1689, and a councillor at large in 1695-7.

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