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History of the Military company of the Massachusetts, now called the Ancient and honorable artillery company of Massachusetts. 1637-1888 (Volume 1) online

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Lieut. Edward Creek's house, which begun in a VII.; Sav.age's Gen. Diet.

garret, not near the chimney, but must needs be set John Drury (1674). AuTHORiTrES: Boston

on fire." — Diarv of John Hull. Records; Savage's Gen. Diet.; Hist. Cat. of Old

Oct. 15, 1679, Edward Creeke and wife, with South Church; Hill's I list, of Old South Church,
eight other persons, were banished from the colony James Green ( 1674). Authorities : Boston

by the General Court, these persons being "vndcr Records; Savage's Gen. Diet,
vehement suspition of attempting to burne the towne
of "Zosta-a" — Records of Mass. BAy, Vol. V.



at Mystic Side in 1647, when he became a freeman. James, Jr. (1674), was a member
of Capt. Hutchinson's (1670) company in April, 1681, and also was a tithing-man. He
served as constable in 1684-5, and again as tithing-man in 1690-1. His son, Richard,
joined the Artillery Company in 1694.

David Hobart (1674), of Hingham, son of Rev. Peter Hobart, was born in August,
165 1, and married (i) Joanna, daughter of the second Edmund Quincy. She died
May 18, 1695, and he married, (2) Dec. 4, 1695, Sarah Joyce, of Boston. He was
admitted a freeman in 1681 ; was a constable in 1688; selectman eight years, between
1685 and 17 14, and was representative in 1692 and 1696. He was known as " Lieu-
tenant," and was also deacon of the church in Hingham. In his will he is called a
tanner. He was a nephew of Capt. Joshua Hobart (1641), and his father delivered
the Artillery election sermon in 1655.

Lieut. David Hobart died Aug. 21, 17 17.

Joseph Porter (1674), of Roxbury, son of Edward Porter, was born May 25, 1644.
His father's farm in Roxbury was between Hawthorne Street and Walnut Avenue,
extending from Cedar Street on the north to Marcella Street on the south.

Joseph Prout (1674), of Boston, son of Timothy Prout, shipwright, of Boston, was
born about 165 1. From 1689 to 17x5 he was prominent in town matters, and held
the ofifices of town inspector, constable, assessor, selectman for several years, and town
clerk for many more, also treasurer of the town. He was on special committees, and
seems to have been efficient and popular. He died Jan. 13, 172 1, leaving a widow
and one son, Joseph.

Ephraim Sale (1674), of Boston, cooper, son of Edward, of Salem in 1635 and of
Rehoboth in 1644, married, for his second wife. Mar)', daughter of Hopestill Foster
(1673). He was third sergeant of the Artillery Company in 1679. He was appointed
lieutenant in Capt. Townsend's (1674) company, May 11, 1681 ; held town office in
1682 and 1683, and was continued in town office in 1690. Judge Sewall (1679) says,
"Lieut. Ephraim Sale [1674] died Dec. 2, 1690."

Jabez Salter (1674), of Boston, son of William, of Boston, a shoemaker, was born
in September, 1647. He died Dec. 31, 1720, and was buried in King's Chapel Burial-
Ground. He held office in the town in 1676-7, 1677-8, and 1701-2, and was fourth
sergeant of the Artillery Company in 1684.

Ephraim Savage (1674), of Boston, son of Major Thomas Savage (1637), ^"d
brother of Ebenezer (1682), Benjamin (1682), Habijah (1665), and Thomas (1665),
was born at Boston, July 20, 1645. He married (i) Mary, daughter of Edmund Quincy,
of Braintree. She was a cousin of Judge Sewall's (1679) wife, hence the judge calls

David Hobart (1674). Authorities: Lin- Ephraim Sale ('1674). Authorities: New

coin's Hist, of Hingham; Whitman's Hist. A. and New Eng. Hist, and Gen. Reg., 1S47, p. 139; Sav-

H. A. Company, Ed. 1S42. age's CSen. Diet.; I'.oston Records.

Joseph Prout (1674). Authorities: Sav- Jabez Salter (1674). Authorities: King's

age's Gen. Diet.; Reports of Boston Rec. Com., Chapel Burial-Ground, by Bridgman, p. 38; Boston

1660-1715; Bond's Hist, of Watertown, pp. 409, Records; Savage's Gen. Diet.
91 1; Boston Records.


Ephraim (1674) his "cousin." Ephraim Savage (1674) married, (2) in 1678, Sarali
(Walker) Hough, of Reading, and, (3) in 1688, Elizabeth (Norton) Symmes, daughter
of Francis Norton (1643). She died April 13, 1710, and he married, (4) Jan. 8, 1712-13,
Elizabeth Brown, of Boston. He graduated at Harvard College in 1662, and was admitted
a freeman in 1672. He was selectman of Boston six years, from 1693 to 1696 inclusive,
and in 1 709 and 1 7 1 o, besides holding other town offices. He was representative of Boston
from 1703 to 1708 inclusive, and in 17 10. He was appointed ensign in his father's com-
pany in 1677, and succeeded his father as captain, March 17, 1681-2. With the rank
of captain, he was second in command of the militia in Phips's disastrous expedition
against Quebec in 1690. For several years he was an officer in the Boston militia. He
was fourth sergeant of the Artillery Company in 1677, ensign in 1678, lieutenant in
1680, and its captain in 1683. He served with his father in King Philip's War, and
at the head of a company was sent to Nova Scotia in the abortive campaign of 1707.
He died in February, and was buried March 2, 1 730-1. He was a member of the Old
South Church.

Mr. Drake, in speaking of the great fire in Boston in 17 11, says, "The outhouse in
which the fire took is said to have belonged to Capt. Ephraim Savage [1674], who
then lived in Williams Court," and that the "poor woman's name was Mary Moss,"
who occasioned the fire by her "careless sottishness."

Robert Sedgwick (1674), of Charlestown, son of Robert (1637), of Charlestown,

was probably born in England. He married Sarah , and had two children. He

may have removed to Boston, for by the town records, March 20, 1678-9, a warrant
was issued to levy upon the "Estate of Robert Sedgwicke [1674] 2oj- for entertaineing
of Thomas Leachfield contrary to a towne order." He died on a return voyage from
Jamaica, and administration was granted on his estate April 26, 1683.

Penn Townsend (1674), of Boston, wine merchant, son of William, of Boston, was
born Dec. 20, 1651. He married Sarah, daughter of Isaac Addington (1652). His
second wife was Sarah's cousin, Mary Dudley, widow of Paul (1677), ^.nd daughter of
Gov. Leverett (1639). He was a member of the Old South Church. He became a
freeman in 1674; was a leading man in town affairs, generally moderator of town
meetings, selectman of Boston from 1688 to 1692 inclusive, and representative in 1686
and annually, except during Andros's rule, until 1689, and speaker of the House after-
wards. He was one of the council under the new charter, and in 1691 went as a
commissioner, with Col. Hutchinson (1670), to make peace with the Indians. He was
offered, the year before, the command of the Quebec expedition, but, Phips " offering to
go in person," Mr. Townsend (1674) "declined with thanks." He was appointed
ensign in 1675, and lieutenant in 1676. He was promoted to be captain in 1680, and
became a major in 1694, lieutenant-colonel in 1699, and colonel in 1703, holding the

Ephraim Savage (1674). Authorities: Robert Sedgwick (1674). Authorities:

Eaton's Hist, of Reading, p. ill; Wfiitman's Hist. Frothingham's Hist, uf Cliarlestown ; Savage's Gen.

A. and H. A. Company, Ed. 1842; Boston Records; Diet.

Hist. Cat. of Old South Church; Hill's Hist, of ( Jld Pent! Townsend (1674)- Authorities : New

South Church. Eng. Hist, and ( ;en. Reg., 1S54, p. 184; Hill's Hist.

"Feb. 4, 1712-13. Privat Meeting at our of Old South Church; lioston Records; Records of

house, pretty number of men: Mr Tilly here: . . . Mass. Bay; Resolves of Prov. of Mass. Bay, Vol.

Sung 3 staves 27''' P's \V[indsor]. . . . Cousin VH.; Whitman's Hist. A. and H. A. Company,

[Ephraim] Savage L'674] was here with his new Ed. 1842.
wife." — Semall Papers.


latter position until 1710. He was first sergeant of the Artillery Company in 1677,
lieutenant in 1679 and 1690, and its captain in 1681, 1691, 1698, 1709, and 1723. He
was actively engaged in its revival after Gov. Andros was deposed, and accepted the
lieutenancy in 1690, becoming captain again the next year. His son, Col. Penn
Tovvnsend, Jr., became a member of the Artillery Company in 1700. Col. Town-
send (1674) was a member of the Company from 1674 until his decease, covering
a period of fifty-three years. He died Aug. 21, 1727. His tombstone is No. 30 in
the " Granary," close to the Park Street Church. There are delineations of his character
in the Boston News-Lettcr, No. 35, and in th^ sermon at his funeral, by Rev. Mr Fox-
croft. His residence was on Ann Street, near Mill Creek. Mr. Dunton, the London
bookseller, says Col. Townsend (1674) was "a gentleman very courteous and affable in
his conversation."

Daniel Turell, Jr. (1674), of Boston, blacksmith, son of Capt. Daniel (1660), of
Boston, was born Aug. 16, 1646. He joined the Second Church, Sept. 7, 1672, and
was a captain in the Boston militia. He died, probably, Jan. 23, 1699.

Experience Willis (1674), of Boston, was a son of Michael Willis, of Dorchester
in 1638, who removed to Boston, and was one of the founders of the Second Church.
Experience (1674), by wife Elizabeth, had twelve children born in Boston between 1671
and 1696.

Rev. Joshua Moody, of Portsmouth, delivered the election sermon in 1674 and
16S5. He was a son of William Moody, of Newbury ; was born in Wales in 1633,
graduated at Harvard College in 1653, and was the first minister of the First Church in
Portsmouth, being ordained there in July, 167 1, though he had preached there in 1658.
His wife was a daughter of Edward Collins (1641), of Cambridge. He was called to
preach the general election sermon of Massachusetts in 1675, and by the tyranny of
Gov. Cranfield was imprisoned in February, 1683, for three months, and was driven to
Boston, where he settled as assistant pastor of the First Church in May, 1684. The
same year he was invited to the presidency of Harvard College, which he declined. In
1693, he returned to his former parish at Portsmouth, but died while on a visit to Boston,
July 4, 1697.

^ ^ The officers elected were: Thomas Savage (1637), captain; The-

T QV C"0. ophilus Frary (1666), lieutenant; Thomas Thacher, Jr. (1671), ensign.

• ^ Hopestill Foster (1673) was first sergeant; Peter Bennett (1672),

second sergeant; John Morse (1671), clerk; Ephraim Kempthorn, armorer, and

Joshua Hughes, drummer.

Gov. Leverett (1639) received a letter by express, on the 21st of June, 1675, from
Gov. Winslow, of the Plymouth Colony, announcing that King Philip, head chief of the
Wampanoags, had retaliated for the execution of three of his men. Orders were at once
issued to Capt. John Richards (1644) to go "as captain of the foot, who shamefully

Rev. Joshua Moody. Authorities: Sav- Pulpit; Brewster's Annals of Tortsmouth; Eliot's
age's Gen. Diet.; Sprague's Annals of American Biog. Diet.; Hutchinson's Coll., 465.



refused the employment." Capt. Daniel Henchman (1675) was then selected to com-
mand the foot company, and Capt. Thomas Prentice to command the horse. The militia
captains of Boston and the neighboring towns were ordered to furnish their proportion
of one hundred able soldiers, each to have " his armes compleat and snapsack ready to
march, and not faile to be at the randevous." On the 25th of July these men were
ordered to appear " at their colors in the market-place at six in the evening, with their
arms ready fixed for service." The next day. Gen. Daniel Denison (1660) was
appointed commander-in-chief of all the forces of Massachusetts Bay. Capt. Samuel
Moseley (1672) recruited his company of "privateers" at this time, and for this service.
Another company was sent under the command of Capt. Isaac Johnson (1645). King
Philip was driven from Plymouth Colony, and the Narraganset country of Rhode Island,
and took refuge with the Nipmunks in the interior of Massachusetts.

The war on the part of the Indians is described as one of ambuscades. They
never met the English in open field, but always fled before them, retreating into swamps,
or hiding in the thickets. By the rapidity of their descent, they seemed omnipresent
among the scattered villages, which they ravaged like a passing cyclone, and for a full
year they kept all New England in a state of terror and excitement.

The whole colony was aroused, and troops were sent from the seaboard towns into
the interior. A company of young men, the " Flower of Essex," commanded by
Capt. Thomas Lothrop (1645), °f Salem, was cut off while escorting a provision train at
a stream since known as Bloody Brook, Deerfield. The captain, with nearly his entire
company of seventy men, was killed. Capt. Samuel Moseley (1672), hearing the firing,
hastened from the upper part of Deerfield, and, coming upon the Indians as they were
scalping the dead, after a severe fight, defeated and drove them.

Boston was filled with fugitives from the rural settlements, fearing and hating the
"bloody heathen." Rev. John Eliot, the apostle, was exposed to insults in his efforts to
protect the " Praying Indians," as his converts were called. The Natick tribe, " those
poor, despised sheep of Christ," as their superintendent, Major-Gen. Gookin (1645),
called them, were exiled to Deer Island, in Boston Harbor, where they suffered exces-
sively during the following winter.

The commissioners of the United Colonies met at Boston in September, and
formally declared war against King Philip, and in November an expedition was organized,
with Gen. Josiah Winslow, Governor of the Plymouth Colony, as its commander-in-chief.
He was efficiently aided in the organization of the expedition by Gov. Leverett (1639),
by John Hull (1660), colonial treasurer, and by John Morse (1671), the commissary of
the Boston regiment. The men were not only supplied with "amunition," but with
"wastcoats and drawers," "liquors," " rumme," "Tobaco & pipes," " biskit," "raisins,"
"porke," "beefe," "stockins and shoos," "and hats." Joseph Dudley (1677), of Boston,
was the headquarters chaplain. The Massachusetts quota rendezvoused on Dedham
plain, and was formally turned over to Gen. Winslow by Gen. Denison (1660), on
Thursday, Dec. 9. It consisted of a troop of horse and six companies of foot, under
Major Samuel Appleton, of Ipswich, who retained his command as captain of the first
company. The second company was commanded by Capt. Samuel Moseley (1672) ; the
third company was under Capt. James Oliver (1640), the lieutenant of the third com-
pany being Ephraim Turner (1663), and its orderly sergeant, Peter Bennett (1672) ; the
fourth company was commanded by Capt. Isaac Johnson (1645), of Roxbury, and in
the fifty company was Ensign John Drury (1674). In addition to the above-named




members of the Artillery Company who held commissions in the Winslow expedition,
there were others in the ranks, and many soldiers who afterwards became members.

The following names are gathered chiefly from that valuable work. Soldiers in King
Philip's Wars, 1675-1677, by Rev. George M. Bodge. They are the names of persons
who were, before or after the war, members of the Military Company of the Massachu-
setts, and were more or less connected with that series of conflicts : —


Henry Adams (1652), killed.

Benjamin Allen (1677).

Sergt. Peter Bennett (1672), wounded.

Cornet Thomas Brattle (1675).

Matthew Bridge (1643), quartermaster.

George Broughton (1667).

Hugh Clark (1666).

William Clark (1646).

Lieut. Edward Creeke (1674).

Lieut. Philip Curtis (1666), killed.

Capt. John Cutler (1681).

Capt. William Davis (1643), wounded.

Major-Gen. Daniel Denison (1660).

William Dinsdale (1658).

John Drury (1674).

Joseph Dudley (1677), chaplain.

Benjamin Dyer (1691).

Col. Francis Foxcroft (1679).

Theophilus Frary (1666), commissary.

Capt. Benjamin Gibbs (1666).

Lieut. William Hasey (1652).

Capt. Daniel Henchman (1675).

Capt. Joshua Hobart (1641).

Nathaniel Holmes (1693).

Thomas Huckens (1637), commissary.

Thomas Hunt (1685).

Capt. Edward Hutchinson C'638), killed.-

Capt. John Jacobs (16S2).

Capt. Isaac Johnson (16451, killed.

Robert Jones (1679), killed.
Capt. Thomas Lake (1653), killed.
Capt. Thomas Lothrop (1645), killed.
Charles Lidget (1679).
Simon Lynde (1658).
John Morse (1671), commissary.
Capt. Samuel Moseley (1672).
Capt. James Oliver (1640).
Capt. Nicholas Paige (1693).
John Paine (1666).
Seth Perry (1662).
Nathaniel Pierce (1673).
Major William Phillips (1644).
Zechariah Phillips (1660), killed.
Corp. Solomon Phips (1681).
Capt. John Plympton (1643), killed.
William Pollard (1679).
Lieut. Nathaniel Reynolds (165S).
John Ruggles (1646V
Ephraim Savage (1674).
Major Thomas Savage (1637).
Thomas Savage, Jr. (1665).
Capt. Joshua Scottow (1645).
Capt. Robert Seeley (1642), killed.
Benjamin Thurston (1675).
Lieut. Ephraim Turner (1663).
Edward Tyng (1668), wounded.
Major Richard Waldron (1659).
Nathaniel Williams (1667).

The Massachusetts troops were joined at Providence by the Plymouth quota. After
some preliminary skirmishing on the way, in which parties under Capt. Moseley (1672)
and Sergt. Bennett (1672) captured forty prisoners, who were sold as slaves. Gov.
Winslow's forces joined the Connecticut regiment at Pettisquamscot. He then had
under his command one thousand and thirteen ofificers and men, with one hundred and
fifty friendly Mohegan Indians. The troops bivouacked in the open field, that night, in a
cold snow-storm, but early the next inorning, Dec. 19, marched to attack the Narra-
ganset stronghold, known as the Great Swamp Fort, in what is now the town of South
Kingston, R. I.

The Massachusetts regiment led the column, followed by the Plymouth regiment,
and the Connecticut troops brought up the rear. Early in the afternoon, the edge of the
swamp in which the stronghold had been built was reached. The swamp was filled with
low cedars, and in the centre was an island, with an area of five or six acres, on which a
renegade Englishman had planned a fortification. "The side of it," says Mr. Hubbard,
was " made of palisadoes set upright, and which was compassed about with a Hedg of



almost a rod Thickness." These rude works would have been almost impregnable to the
assailants had not the swamp been frozen. The customary entrance was over a fallen
tree, across a " place of water," over which but one could pass at a time. When the
Indian outposts retreated into the fortification, the Massachusetts troops were able to
follow on the ice as well as on the log. Capt. Johnson (1645) ^^^s mortally wounded
while crossing on the log, and Capt. Davenport was shot dead as he entered the fortifica-
tion. The storming party retreated, and lay on the ground until the enemy's fire
slackened, when Capts. Moseley (1672) and Gardiner advanced with their companies
to support them. They lost so heavily that they were about to retire when Major
Appleton came up, with Capt. Oliver (1640), and, massing the two companies, carried
the fortification by storm after a two hours' fight.

The wigwams and storehouses of the Indians were burned, and some of the old
people and children perished in the flames. The colonists had six captains and two
hundred and thirty privates killed or wounded, and, feeling they could not resist Indian
reinforcements, the remainder withdrew at midnight, to march fifteen miles in a driving
snow-storm. The infuriated Indians avenged themselves during the winter by attacks
on the frontier settlements. Early in the spring, Canonchet was captured, and indig-
nantly refused to bring about peace were his life spared. When told that he must then
prepare to die, he replied, " I like it well ; I shall die before my heart is soft or I have
spoken anything unworthy of myself." Two Indians were detailed for the purpose, and
he was shot at Stonington, Conn.

The Company appears to have discovered, at this time, that their "orders," or
"by-laws," adopted in 1657, were of no official value, because they had not been
approved or " allowed by the court." The following action was consequently taken :

"April 5th, 1675. It was then voted by the Artillery Company, that the orders of
the Company be presented by Thomas Clarke, Esq. [1644], to the General Court or
Council, for their confirmation.

"John Morse [1671], Clerk"

The following endorsement was then made on the by-laws : —

" The Court, having perused the above written orders of the Artillery Company, do
allow and approve thereof.

"Attest: "Edward V^KWifXA, SccretiDj."

The new members recruited in 1675-6 were : Thomas Brattle, Andrew Clarke,
Joseph. Davis, William Gibson, William Greenough, William Griggs, Daniel Henchman,
John Jackson, Samuel Johnson, Simeon Messinger, John Moore, Ephraim Morse, John
Nichols, Daniel Quincy, Simeon Stoddard, John Temple, Benjamin Thurston.

Thomas Brattle (1675), of Boston, was of Charlestown in 1656, but removed the
next year to Boston. He married, in 1656-7, Elizabeth, daughter of Capt. William

Thomas Brattle (1675). Authorities: New frequent visits were preiljudical to him, it provok'd

Eng. Hist, and Gen. Reg., 1877, p. 57; Eliot's Biog. him to speak more than his strength woulJ hear,

Diet.; Account of the Descendants of Capt. Thomas would have me come seldom. lie said tome his

Brattle, by Edward D. Harris, 16S7; King's Chapel Thigh was no bigger than my Wrist. I said I hop'd

Burial-Ground, by Bridgman, p. 259. as the weather grew Temperate, he might recruit,

" [1710] Aug. II. .Sixth-day, I visited Mr. Tho which he seem'd to assent to." — St-iua/l Papers,

Brattle, who is very low and languishing; He ex- Vol. II., p. 286.
press'd great respect to me, yet plainly told me, that



Tyng (1638). He was appointed cornet of the Suffolk troop, May 30, 1670, lieutenant
Oct. 13, 1675, and captain May 5, 1676. Sept. 8, 1675, by order of the council, Cornet
Thomas Brattle (1675), with a party of horsemen under his command, went to Groton.
He was with the forces at Narragansett ; May 15, 1676, he had a battle with Indians,
killing twenty ; May 24 following, he fought them again at the falls of the " Pocatuck
River," and June 30, 1676, he was sent on an expedition towards Mount Hope.

Capt. Brattle (1675) was a valuable friend to the colony. He loaned it two hun-
dred pounds, and in the first few months of the war he is credited with fifteen hundred
pounds, e.xpended in behalf of the colony to carry it on.

He was one of the founders of the Old South Church ; non-resident representative
for Lancaster in 1671 and 1672; for Concord in 1678 and 1679, and commissioner to
King Philip, with Capt. William Davis (1643) and Capt. William Hudson (1640), at
Taunton, rn 1671. He was selectman of Boston thirteen years, from 1671 to 1683
inclusive, and was prominent in town affairs for many years.

His wife died very suddenly, at a wedding in her own house, Nov. 9, 1682 ; and he
died April 5 following, leaving probably the largest estate in New England. Major-Gen.
William Brattle (1729), the son of Rev. William, of Cambridge, was a grandson of
Capt. Thomas (1675). Some of the estate of Thomas (1675) ^^^s in Brattle Street, for
whom that street is named.

Andrew Clarke (1675), of Boston, was a son of Thomas Clarke, of Plymouth. He
was married and had three children born in Boston; the first was born July 10, 1672,
and the third Dec. 8, 1676. In 1677, moved to Harwich. He was elected a town
officer, March 12, 1676-7.

Joseph Davis (1675), of Boston, — whom Mr. Whitman (1810) wrongfully calls
"son of Capt. William Davis [1643] and born in 1645," — married. May 7, 1662,
Elizabeth, daughter of David Saywell ( 1664), became a freeman in 1666, and appears
as one of the founders of the Old South Church in 1669.

William Gibson (1675), of Boston in 1665, a cordwainer, was admitted to be a
freeman in 1677. He held the office of sealer of leather several years, viz , 1665, 1671,
1677, and 1684 to 1690. He was constable in 1678-9, clerk of the market in 1666-7,
and tithing-man in 1690. Mr. Savage says he supposes this Gibson is the gifted preacher
mentioned by Backus, I., 435. Lieut. William Gibson (1675) was second sergeant of
the Artillery Company in 1684.

William Greenough (1675), of Boston, shipwright, was born in England, and
became a freeman in 1673. He was captain of one of the Boston companies, and
served in King Philip's War in 1676; was first sergeant of the Artillery Company in
1679, and ensign in 1691. William Greenough (1675) ^^^ ^ member of Capt. John
Richards's (1644) company, of Boston, in 1689; was constable in 1677-8. He died

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