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History of the Military company of the Massachusetts, now called the Ancient and honorable artillery company of Massachusetts. 1637-1888 (Volume 1) online

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244 HISTORY OF THE ANCIENT AND [1677-8

^ p. The officers elected were : Richard Woodde (1642), captain; Moses

1 077"O. P^ii^fi (1644), lieutenant, and John Wing (1671), ensign. Penn Town-

• ' ' send (1674) was first sergeant; Anthony Checkley (1662) second

sergeant; Benjamin Thurston (1675), third sergeant; Ephraim Savage (1674), fourth
sergeant; John Morse (1671), clerk; Joshua Hughes, drummer; and Edward Smith,
armorer.

Some friends of Massachusetts in Ireland, acting as individuals, and without any
official authority, had solicited relief in that country for such as were " impoverished,
distressed, and in necessity by the late war " in America. The Rev. Nathaniel Mather,
of Dublin, had secured donations amounting to nearly one thousand pounds in value,
contributed by " divers Christians in Ireland," and a ship-load of provisions had been
thankfully received by those rendered destitute by the war. But while the colony had
been defending the royal domain, no aid had been solicited from the King, nor had any
been offered. " It is not altogether groundlessly reported," wrote their friend. Lord
Anglesey, from London, "that you are poor yet proud."

This, which is called the "Irish Donation in 1676," was sent to New England in
the ship " Katherine," of Dublin. The contributors consigned it to Mr. William Tyng
(1638), Mr. James Oliver (1640), and Mr. John Hull (1660), "or as many of them as
shall be alive." They were to sell enough to pay the freight, — four hundred and fifty
pounds sterling, — and the remainder they were to give to those distressed by the Indian
wars. Friendly Indians were also to have a share. The Colony of Massachusetts Bay
received three hundred and sixty-three pounds sterling, which were divided among
about six hundred families, in forty-seven towns.

The new members recruited in 1677-8 were: Benjamin Allen, Joshua Atwater,
John Barnard, William Davis, Joseph Dudley, Paul Dudley, James Hill, and Henry
Powning.

Benjamin Allen (1677), of Charlestown, son of Walter Allen, of that town, was
born at Newbury, April 15, 1647. He was a member of Capt. Moseley's (1672) com-
pany for the December campaign in 1675. His father, in his will, dated Feb. 19,
1679-80, does not mention Benjamin (1677). A Benjamin Allen died in Charlestown,
Sept. 20, 1678.

Joshua Atwater (1677), of Boston, son of Joshua, of New Haven in 1638, was born
April 10, 1658, in Milford, Conn. His father removed to Boston in 1659. Ann, sister
of Joshua (1677), married, in 1672, Jeremiah Dummer (1671), and was the mother of
the famous Jeremy (Harv. Coll., 1699). The selectmen decided, "25, 7, 1671," that
"Mr Joshua Atwater [1677] hath libertie granted him to his sellar dore to continue as it
is, paying 5.!- p. ann. in money to begin the first of July last." He does not appear to
have held any office in the town of Boston. He was drowned Feb. 12, 1691-2.'

Benjamin Allen (1677). Authorities: Wy- Jury brought it in; was going on board the sloop

man's Charlestown Genealogies and Estates; Bond's Mary. Was cxcommunieated." — Sauall Papers,

Hist, cf Watertown. Vol. /., //. 356, 357.

Joshua Atwater (1677). Authorities: Sav- " [16SS] April 20. Joshua Atwater's wife dies,

age's Gen. Diet.; Boston Records. It seems he carried her out of Town but last Mon-

' "Feb 12, 1691-2. Joshua Atwater dies, fall- day [April 16]. She was a w-orthy Gentlewoman."

ing off the outward Wharf : he was drowned aljout — Smvall Papers, Vol. I., p. 211.

2 or 3 in the morning, intangled in the wood as the



i



1677-S] HONORABLE ARTILLERY COMPANY. 245

John Barnard (1677), of Boston, son of Matthew (1660), was born in Boston,
Sept. 29, 1654. He was admitted a freeman in 167S, and died in December, 1732.
He was tlie father of Rev. John Barnard (Harv. Coll., 1700), whose autobiography is
given in 3 Mass. Hist. Coll., V., 178. Lieut John (1677) was fourth sergeant of the
Artillery Company in 1683, ensign in 1696, and lieutenant in 1700.

In 1678-9, a fire-engine was imported from England, and on the 27th of January
the selectmen chose Thomas Atkins as foreman, and among his twelve chosen assistants
were John Barnard (1677) and his brother, Thomas Barnard (1681). This vi^as the first
fire-engine in town, and John (1677) and Thomas (1681) were members of the first
regular engine company in the town of Boston. John Barnard (1677) doubtless followed
the trade of his father, that of a carpenter, for during eight years, between 1680 and
1700, he was appointed by the selectmen to measure boards and timber. In 1680, he
was a member of Capt. Clarke's (1644) company, and a tithing-man ; was a representa-
tive in 1696-7, and served as a selectman in 1701 and 1703-6. In 1701, the selectmen
agreed with John Barnard (1677) to erect a new house for Mr. Ezekiel Cheever, the
school-master, and to remove the old house, and in 1704 they agreed with Mr. Barnard
(1677) to build a new school-house for the "Free School," or " Latin School." In the
Boston town records, 1 701-15, he is called both " Deacon " and " Captain."

William Davis (1677), son of William Davis (1643), was born in Boston, June 25,
1653. ~He was a brother of Major Benjamin Davis (1673), and a member of the Old
South Church. He probably married Abigail Eliot, daughter of Jacob. William (1677)
died Jan. 23, 1706-7.

Judge Sewall wrote ; "Feb. 25, 1706-7; . . . After that I visit the widow Eliott
who dwells with her daughter Davis."

Joseph Dudley (1677), of Roxbury, son of Gov. Thomas Dudley, also brother of
Patience Dudley, wife of Major-Gen. Daniel Denison (1660), and of Sarah, wife of
Major Benjamin Keayne (1638), was born July 23, 1647. Joseph Dudley graduated at
Harvard College in 1665; was admitted a freeman in 1672; representative from 1673
to 1675; an assistant from 1676 to 1685, and was made president of the colonies of
Massachusetts and New Hampshire in 1686.

In 1682, he had visited England, was deeply engaged in court intrigues there,
became one of Andres's council, and was made chief-justice of an unconstitutional
supreme court. After long imprisonment in New England, he returned, in 1689, to
England, and for eight years was deputy-governor of the Isle of Wight, under Lord

John Barnard (1677). Authorities: Sav- uel Sewall, Col Townsend, Col Appleton : Mr. Presi-

age's (len. Diet.; Boston Kecoids. dent Leverett, Col Samuel Brown. Scarvs, Rings,

William Davis (1677). Authorities: Sav- Gloves, Scutcheons. Councillors and Ministers had

age's I ien. Iiii-t; Ilist. Cat. of ( )ld .South Church. Scarvs, and Consulary Men. Col. Otis, Thaxter

Joseph Dudley (1677). Authorities: Whit- Quincey, Uows, Nordon, Judge Lynde, Co! Paine

man's Ilist. A. and 11. A. Company, Ed. 1842; were there out of Town. Judge Dudley in a Mourn-

Drake's Ilist. of Roxlnuy; Dudley Family; New ing Cloak leil the Widow : when I took leave of her

Eng. Ilist. and Gen. Reg., 1847, ^^S^, 1869; Eliot's She desired my Prayers. Were very many people,

Biog. Diet.; Savage's Gen. Diet.; Hill's Hist, of spectators out of windows, on Fences and Trees,

Old South Church. like Pigeons. The Hells in Boston were rung for

"[1720] April 2. Gov. Dudley dies about the Funeral; which was finished when the Sun was

noon. . . . near an hour high. I and my wife and son and

"April 8. Gov. Dudley is buried in his father daughter Sewall went and came in the Hackney

Gov. Dudley's Tomb at Roxbury. Boston and coach very well. Laiis Deo." — Seioall Papers,Vol.

Roxbury regiments were under arms and 2 or 3 ///., //. 248, 249.
Troops : Bearers, His Excellency Gov. Shute, Sam-



246 HISTORY OF THE ANCIENT AND [1677-8

Cutts. He returned, in 1702, with a commission from Queen Anne as Governor of
Massachusetts and New Hampshire, in which office he remained until November, 17 15.
He died at Roxbury, April 2, 1720, and was, as he requested, "buried with his father."
His brother, Paul (1677), joined the Artillery Company at the same time that Joseph
(1677) did. The latter was captain of the Roxbury company, but probably obtained
his rank of major and of colonel by service in the British army. Joseph Dudley (1677)
was agent for the colony in England during 1682, jointly with Major Richards (1644),
and returned Oct. 23, 1683.

The following appeared in the Boston Nnvs- Letter, April, 1720 : —

" On Saturday, 2d current, died the very honorable Joseph Dudley, Esq., at his
seat in Roxbury, in the 73d year of his age, being born September 23d, 1647 ; and on
Friday 8th current, he was interred in the sepulchre of his father, with all the honor
and respect his country was capable of doing him ; there being two regiments of foot
with two troops of horse in arms ; and while his funeral was passing, the guns at his
Majesty's Castle William were fired ; and on the occasion all the bells of the town of
Boston were tolled. There attended at the funeral, the members of his Majesty's
Council, in Boston and the neighboring towns ; a great number of Justices of the Peace,
Ministers, gentlemen, merchants and others.

" Gov. Dudley was the son of Hon. Thomas Dudley, Esq. (for many years Governor
of New England) and the son of his old age, being born after his father was seventy
years old. During his childhood, he was under the care of his excellent mother, and
the Rev. Mr. Allen, the Minister of Dedhani, who married her. He was educated at
the free school in Cambridge, under the famous master Corlet ; from thence he went
to the College in Cambridge, and there took his degrees in the Presidentship of Mr.
Chauncy. The first of his public appearance for his country's service, was in the
Narraganset Indian war, 1675. In 1686, the government of the Massachusetts Colony
being changed to a President and Council, he had a commission to command in chief ;
and after the arrival of Andros in the government of New England, New York, etc., he
continued President of the Council and Chief Justice. In 1690, he had a commission
as Chief Justice of New York. In 1693, he went a third time for England. While in
England, he had the honor to serve as a member of the House of Commons for the
borough of Newton, on the Isle of Wight ; but, staying in England till his Majesty's
death, he was obliged to get his commission renewed from Queen Anne, with which
he arrived at Boston, June nth, 1702, and was received with great respect and affection,
and continued in the government until November, 17 15.

" Having been educated at Harvard College, he always retained for his Alina Mater
an affectionate regard. It was, no doubt, fortunate for this institution that so warm a
friend to it had so much power in the country, after the Province Charter was annulled
in 1686.

" He was a man of rare endowments and shining accomplishments, a singular honor
to his country. He was early its darling, always its ornament, and in his age its crown.
The scholar, the divine, the philosopher, and the lawyer, — all met in him. Under his
administration, we enjoyed great quietness, and were safely steered through a long and
difficult Indian and French war. His country have once and again thankfully acknowl-
edged his abilities and fidelity in their addresses to the throne. He truly honored and
loved the religion, learning and virtue of New England ; and was himself a worthy
patron and example of them all."



'^77-8] HONORABLE ARTILLERY COMPANV.



247



When Andros's government was overturned by the people, Mr. Dudley (1677), one
of the most obnoxious to them, was arrested and kept a close prisoner a long time, and
the representatives in the General Court decided his offence was such that he was not
bailable, and they sent up to the Council of Safety heads of charges against him and
others.

Lieut.-Gov Danforth wrote to Increase Mather: "Mr. Dudley [1677] is in a
peculiar manner the object of the people's displeasure ; even throughout all the
Colonies, where he hath sat as Judge, they deeply resent his correspondence with that
wicked man, Randolph, for overturning the government. The Governor and Council,
though they have done their utmost to procure his enlargement, yet cannot prevail, but
the people will have him in the jail ; and when he hath been by order turned out, by
force and tumult they fetch him in."

He himself wrote to Cotton Mather, on June i : " I am told that this morning is the
last opportunity for rolling away the stone from the mouth of this sepulchre, where I am
buried alive," etc.

He wrote Gov. Bradstreet, Sept. 12 : " After twenty weeks' unaccountable
imprisonment, and many barbarous usages offered me, I have now to complain, that on
Monday, the whole day, I could be allowed no victuals till nine o'clock at night, wlien
the keeper's wife offered to kindle her own fire to warm something for me, and the
corporal expressly commanded the fire to be put out."

On his third visit to England, we find him endeavormg to take advantage of com-
plaints from the province, and supplant Gov. Phips, whom he caused to be arrested in
England, and held to bail in twenty thousand pounds.

In 1705, Mr. Dudley (1677) became very unpopular, having negatived Thomas
Oakes (1684) as speaker of the House, and being accused of encouraging an illicit trade
with the French possessions in North America. The famous Bank party were his
opposers, and wished his removal. He met the Assembly at the election, May, 1715,
for the last time, but made no speech.

Mr. Hutchinson says, " No New England man had passed through more scenes of
busy life than Mr. Dudley [1677]. He was educated for the ministry, and if various
dignities had been known in the New England churches, possibly he had lived and died
a clergyman ; but, without this, nothing could be more dissonant from his genius, He
soon turned his thoughts to civil affairs. Ambition was the ruling passion, and perhaps,
like Cfesar, he had rather be the first man in New England than second in Old. Few
men have been pursued by their enemies with greater virulence, and few have been sup-
ported by their friends with greater zeal. We have seen a second generation inherit the
spirit of their ancestors, the descendants on one side preserving an affection for his
family and posterity, and, on the other, retaining equal dissatisfaction against them. He
applied himself with the greatest diligence to the business of his station. The affairs
of the war, and other parts of his administration, were conducted with good judgment.
In economy he excelled, both in public and private life. He supported the dignity of a
Governor without the reproach of parsimony, and yet, from the moderate emoluments of
his post, made an addition to his paternal estate. The visible increase of his substance
made some incredible reports of gross bribery and corruption to be easily received ;
but, in times when party spirit prevails, what will not a Governor's enemies believe,
however injurious and absurd? "



248 HISTORY OF THE ANCIENT AND [1677-8

Paul Dudley (1677), of Boston, merchant, was a younger brother of Col. Joseph
(1677), and was born at Roxbury (baptized), Sept. 8, 1650. He married, in 1676, Mary,
daughter of Gov. Leverett (1639), and died Dec. i, 1681. His widow married for her
second husband. Col. Penn Townsend (1674). Mr. Dudley (1677) was a merchant,
registrar of probate under the colonial r/giine, collector of customs for the ports of Boston
and Charlestown, and a member of the Old South Church.

James Hill (1677), of Boston, was probably a son of John Hill (1647), ol Dor-
chester. The latter mentions a son, James, in his will of April 11, 1660. Capt. James
(1677) married, April 10, 1662, Hannah, sister of 'Daniel Henchman (1675). He
was a member of the Old South Church, was elected deacon Nov. 24, 1693, ^^^ was
also its treasurer. He was fourth sergeant of the Artillery Company in 1678, and its
lieutenant in 1685. Sergt. Hill (1677) was appointed ensign in the foot company
commanded by Capt. John Walley (1671), May 11, 1681, and he was appointed to the
command of the same company, Feb. 13, 1683-4.

He was, probably, a cooper by trade, as the selectmen appointed him a culler
of staves in 1669, 1670, and 1671 ; he was a highway surveyor in 1680-1, captain of
a military company, in Boston, from 1684 to 1692 inclusive, and selectman of Boston
from 1688 to 1690 inclusive, and in 1693. He died Feb. 26, 1720-1.

Henry Powning (1677), of Boston, son of Henry, was born April 28, 1654, but is
not mentioned in the records of the town. June i, 1677, one hundred and ninety-nine
" Handy craftsmen " petitioned the General Court for " protection " in their several
callings, against intruders. One of the signers was Henry Powning (1677).

Rev. Josiah Flint, of Dorchester, delivered the Artillery election sermon of 1677.
He was a son of Rev. Henry Flint, of Braintree, was born Aug. 24, 1645, graduated at
Harvard in 1664, and was ordained Dec. 27, 167 1. Josiah was the father of Henry
(Harv. Coll., 1693), who was a distinguished tutor in that institution from 1699 to 1754.
Rev. Mr. Flint appears to have been a devoted and conscientious minister, whose service
was frequently interrupted by ill-health. He died in Dorchester, Sept. 15, 1680, at the
age of thirty-five years. His monument expresses the general regard : —

"A man of God he was so great, so good,
His highest worth was hardly understood."

Paul Dudley (1677). Authorities: Dudley James Hill (1677). Authorities: Boston

Family; New Eng. Hist, and Gen. Reg., 1847, 1856, Records; Whitman's Hist. A. and H. A. Company,

1869; Eliot's Biog. Diet.; Whitman's Hist. A. and Ed. 1842.

H. A. Company, Ed. 1842; Hill's Hist, of Old " Feb. 23, 1720-21, Dined at Mr -Sewall's, with

South Church. Mrs Man, Grand-daughler of Capt Hill, who was

" ['677] July 24. Rec'd of Mr. Paul Dudley pray'd for with his wife. . . . Feb. 25. Mrs Hannah

[1677] to be distributed among the poor now re- Hill, wife of Capt James Hill, dyes alraut 5 p.m.

siding in Boston, come from other parts impover- .-E/a/.S^. . . . Keli. 26. Lord's Day, Capt and Dea-

ished by the war; 12 l)arrells of wheat, i barrell of con James Hill dyes about 6 aclock in the morning,

malt, 12 barrells of flour, 15 barrells of oatmeal, 2 ,/i7rt/. 82. Dyed Praying: OplanJo si iioii affirm-

firkins of butter and 170 pounds of cheese, which amlo. . . . March 2: After Lecture Capt James

was accordingly distributed." — Boston Rcroi-i/s. Hill and Hannah his wife .ire buried. . . . South

"Thorsdav, Xr. I. 1681. The well accom- Burying place, tireat Funeral." — S,i,;i// Piifers.
plished Merchant and Accomptant, Mr Paid Dudley Rev. Joslah Flint. Authorities: Histories

dyed, being little above 30 yeers old." — Se-wall of Dorchester; Savage's Gen. Diet.; Sprague's

Papers, Vol. II., /. 17. Annals of American Pulpit.



1678-9] HONORABLE ARTILLERY COMPANY. 249

, ^ The officers elected were : John Hull (1660), captain ; John Walley

J QTq-Q^ (1671), lieutenant; Ephraim Savage (1674), ensign. John Atwood

• -^ (1673) was first sergeant; John Noyes (1676), second sergeant;

Benjamin Davis (1673), third sergeant; James Hill (1677), fourth sergeant; lohn
Hayvvard (1673), clerk; John Scottow, drummer, and Edward Smith, armorer.

Gov. John Leverett (1639) died in Boston, March 16, 1678, and was buried on the
25th, then considered the first day of the legal year. For nearly forty years he was
active in public matters ; equally efficient in leading his company into conflict or
presiding over the interests of the colony. He was fearlessly faithful to New England
in peace and war, at home and abroad.

The new members recruited in 1678-9 were ; Samuel Checkley, Nathaniel Elkin,
Humphrey Luscomb, Thomas Smith, John Tay, Benjamin Thwing, William White.

Samuel Checkley (1678), of Boston, was born in Preston, Northamptonshire,
England, Oct. 14, 1653, and was half-brother of Capt. Anthony Checkley (1662). He
arrived at Boston, Aug. 3, 1670. SamiJel (1678) was a physician and surgeon in Boston,
also proprietor of an apothecary's store, to which business his son, Richard, succeeded.
He married, in 1680, Mary, daughter of Joshua Scottow (1645). They had eleven
children, only two of whom survived their father, viz., Richard and Samuel. An obituary
notice of Samuel Checkley (1678) is given in the Nnvs-Letter of Jan. 4, 1739.

He was for many years active in the military of Boston, being appointed ensign of
Capt. Wing's (1671) company, Feb. 16, 1685-6, and after the usual promotions became
major of the Boston regiment in 1702, lieutenant-colonel in 1706, and colonel from
i7ioto 1712. He is called "Col," however, in the Boston Records, as early as 1706.
He received twelve different commissions, from that of ensign, given by Gov. Bradstreet,
to that of colonel, by Lieut.-Gov. Tailler (17 12). He was a member of the Old South
Church, and was elected deacon Oct. 15, 1693, which honor he declined; selectman
from 1693 to 1696 inclusive; representative in 1702-7, and town clerk from 1720 to
1733. After the revolution which overturned Andres's government, he was actively
engaged in reviving the Artillery Company, and was fourth sergeant in 1685, third
sergeant in 1690, lieutenant in 1694, and captain in 1700. He was also one of his
Majesty's justices of the peace from 1714 to 1727 inclusive. He died Dec. 27, 1738.

Rev. Samuel Checkley, son of Col. Samuel (1678), delivered the sermon before
the Artillery Company in 1725, and Rev. Samuel, grandson of Col. Samuel (1678),
delivered the sermon in 1757.

Nathaniel Elkin (1678).

Humphrey Luscomb (1678), of Boston, a merchant, was one of the founders of
King's Chapel in 1686.' His name appears in the Boston town records but once,
April 6, 1686, when he and Theodore Atkinson (1644) came before the selectmen and

Samuel Checkley (1678). Authorities: Humphrey Luscomb (167S). "[i6S8]Mon-

Bostiin Records; Whitman's Ilist. A. and IL A. day June 11. About 3 this Morn, Major Luscomb

Company, Ed. 1842; Records of Mass. Bay; Hill's dies of a Fever. . . .

Hist, of Old South Church; New Eng. Hist, and "Maj. L. was buried June 15, 16S8, between

Gen. Reg., 1S48, 1861. 7 & 8 i'. M. Six companies attended. After the

"[lyigJSr I4'li ... visited Col. Checkley who Volleys several great guns were fired." — Snoall

is very sick, says he is this day 66 years old; takes Paftrs, I'o/. /., /. 217.
my visit very kindly, and desires Prayers." — SfMill ' See Foote's Annals of King's Chapel.

Papers, Vol. III., p. 332.



250 HISTORY OF THE ANCIENT AND ['67S-9

desired them to make a record of an agreement between them relating to the bounds
of land near Bendall's Dock. The agreement is recorded, signed, and witnessed.
Administration was granted on his estate by Sir Edmund Andros, June 23, 1688, in
which Humphrey Luscomb (1678) was called "Major." He was doubtless appointed
to mihtary office by Gov. Andros. He died June 11, 1688.

Thomas Smith (1678), of Boston. His sureties were Capt. Hutchinson (1670)
and Ensign Checkley (1678). His name appears in Boston Records, April 25, 1681,
when he is chosen as a tithing-man from Capt. Walley's (167 1) company.

John Tay (1678), son of William, of Boston, was born Nov. 16, 1647. He does
not appear to be mentioned in the Boston town records, and his father, in his will,
dated April 28, 1680, does not mention him.

Benjamin Thwing (1678), of Boston, son of Benjamin, was born in July, 1647.
He was a carpenter by trade, a member of the Old South Church, and was admitted to
be a freeman May 19, 1680. He married, about 1669, Abigail Dickson. The Boston
town records say that liberty was granted, in 1679, " Benj° Thwinge to lay Timber" on
the town land, and July 29, 1680, "Benj" Twinge" was chosen a tithing-man from Capt.
Hutchinson's (1670) company.

On Friday, Jan. 14, 1681, as he was going from Mount Hope to Rhode Island in
a canoe, with an Indian, the canoe was upset by the wind and ice, and Mr. Thwing
(1678) was drowned.

William White (1678) was one of the founders of King's Chapel in 1686, and on
the record of the first meeting, June 15, 1686, his name stands next after Mr. Luscomb's
(1678). William White (1678) was born in 1646, and was named, with two others, in
March, 1688, by Sir Edmund Andros, to obtain contributions for building an Episcopal
church in Boston.

Rev. Samuel Newell, a son of Increase Nowell, who was one of the founders of
the First Church in Charlestown, and of the First Church in Boston, delivered the
Artillery election sermon of 1678. Rev. Samuel Nowell was never a settled minister,
but served as chaplain in King Philip's War. He became a freeman in 1677, an
assistant in 1680, and in October, 1685, was chosen treasurer of the colony, an office
from which he was relieved the next year by the commissioning of Joseph Dudley



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