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History of the Military company of the Massachusetts, now called the Ancient and honorable artillery company of Massachusetts. 1637-1888 (Volume 1) online

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expenses incurred by the town during King Philip's War.

He married, (i) Oct. 21, 1674, Mary Manning, of Cambridge, who died June 24,
1679, and, (2) March 27, 1680, Alice, daughter of Major William Bradford, of Plymouth.
He died at Dedham, Aug. 17, 1685.

,^ The officers elected were: Penn Townsend (1674), captain; Ben-

Tr)(AT"2 jamin Davis (1673), lieutenant; Thomas Savage (1665), ensign. John
Phillips (1680) was first sergeant; Benjamin Alford (1671), second
sergeant; Jonathan Bridgham (1673), third sergeant; Bozoun Allen (1676), fourth
sergeant; Nathaniel Barnes (1676), clerk ; John Marion, drummer, and Edward Smith,

The King, stimulated by the misrepresentations of Randolph, sent a peremptory
demand to the colony to send over its agents fully empowered to act, and to answer for
the irregularity of its proceedings, under the penalty of the forfeiture of its charter.
Accordingly Col. Joseph Dudley (1677) and Major John Richards (1644) proceeded
to London to answer the royal demand. They had a passage of twelve weeks, and on
their arrival learned that the King and his counsellors had matured their plans for
depriving Massachusetts of her charter.

The new members recruited in 1681-2 were: Thomas Barnard, Thomas Beavis,
Samuel Breighton, Thomas Brinley, John Brookhaven, John Cutler, Jonathan Farnam,
John Long, Joseph Lynde, Thaddeus Maccarty, Solomon Phips, John Pordage, Nathaniel
Reynolds, Richard Sprague, and Samuel Worden.

Thomas Barnard (1681), of Boston in 1678, a carpenter, son of Matthew (1660),
a carpenter, was born .April 4, 1657. He first appears as a member of the first fire-
engine company organized in Boston, on the 27th of January, 1678; held town office
by election or appointment from 1683 to 1685 inclusive, from 1689 to 1692 inclusive,
and in 1698 and 1699. He was a member of Major Clarke's (1644) military company
in 1681, and a tithing-man ; and in 1708, and again in 1713, was appointed to inspect
the town in regard to ladders, for use in case of fire. He was first sergeant of the
Artillery Company in 1692.

Rev. William Adams. Authorities: Sav- Thomas Barnard (1681). Authorities:

age's Gen. Diet.; Sprague's Annals of .\merican Boston Records; Copp's Hill Burial-Ground, by
Pulpit; Lamson's Historical Discourses. Bridgman, p. ^3.


He died March 14, 17 15-6, and was buried in the Copp's Hill Burial-Ground. On
his gravestone he is called "Capt." ^

Thomas Beavis (1681), of Boston in 1679, "a tobacconist," was that year a town
officer, and in 1680 was a member of Capt. Richards's (1644) company and a tithing-
man. In 1681, he was a clerk of the market, and a constable in 1683. Administration
was granted on his estate in 1683.

Samuel Breighton (1681), of Boston, a cooper, was a member of a military com-
pany in Boston, and a tithing-man in 1 690-1. He had four children born in Boston
from 1684 to 1692. The last was born Sept. 30, 1692, and his estate was administered
upon Oct. 21 next following.

Thomas Brinley (1681), of Boston, was the second son of Francis Brinley, and
was born in Newport, R. I. He removed to Boston in 168 r, and was one of the
founders of King's Chapel in 1686. He went to England, married Mary Apthorp, and
died at London in 1693. The widow, with three children, came to America to reside
with their grandfather, and after his death she resided with her son, Francis, in Roxbury.

John Brookhaven (1681) was of Rhode Island in 1669, and in 167 1 was there
called " Captain."

John Cutler (1681), of Charlestown, a blacksmith, son of Robert, was probably
born in England about 1628. He married (i) Anna Woodmansey, of Charlestown.
She died Aug. 20, 1683, and he married, (2) Oct. 29, 1684, Mehitabel Hilton, daughter
of Increase Nowell. She died Sept. 29, 17 11, surviving her husband, who died "Sept.
12, 1694, aged 66 years," according to his gravestone.

He was a deacon of the Charlestown church in 1673, ensign of the Charlestown
company the same year, and a representative for that town in 1680 and 1682. He was
identified with the military, and served as captain in an expedition during King Philip's
War. In 1689, he was deprived of his military command for supporting Capt. Laurence
Hammond (1666) in opposing the acts of the convention of May 22, 1689. Capt.
Cutler (1681) was a sympathizer with Andros, signed the petition to the King against
the succeeding government, and was fined and imprisoned. He petitioned the Governor
and council, Dec. 12, 1689, to be released from confinement, promising to be a good
subject of their Majesties and of their government here. He was third sergeant of the
Artillery Company in 1684.

Capt. Cutler was grandfather of Rev. Timothy Cutler, D. D., president of Yale
College, and father of Major John Cutler, of Charlestown.

Jonathan Farnam (1681), of Boston, son of John, of Dorchester, was born at
Dorchester, Jan. 16, 1639, and was a nephew of Henry (1644). He was a captain
of a Boston company.

Thomas Brinley (1681). Authorities: 'It appears among the valuable notes in Vol.
Foote's Annals of King's Chapel, Vol. I., p. 89; VII. of the Province Laws, p. 569, that Capt. Bar-
King's Chapel Burial-Ground, by Bridgman, p. 219. nard (1681) was commander of a company in the

John Cutler (1681). Authorities : Savage's expedition which captured Port Royal, May 21,

Gen. Diet.; Cutler Genealogy; Foote's Annals of 1690; and, on p. 570, is given the account of Mr.

King's Chapel, pp. 117, 118; Mem. Hist, of Boston, Wing, tavern-keeper, for billeting Capt. Barnard's

Vol. II. (1681) men during May, June, and July, 1690.


John Long (1681), of Charlestown, innkeeper, son of Robert Long (1639), came
to America with his parents in 1635. The father, who had been an innkeeper in
England, established an inn at Charlestown in 1636. At his death, in 1664, John
(1681) became the landlord, and was at the head of the great "ordinary" until his death,
after which his widow had charge of it until 17 11, when she gave it to their son, Samuel,
who sold it the next year. The tavern house was that "great house," built in 1629 for
the Governor and company, which for more than eighty years was called the Long

John Long (1681) married (i) Abigail, daughter of Francis Norton (1643), who
died April 21, 1674, and, (2) Sept. 16, 1674, Mary, daughter of Increase Nowell. He
died July 20, 1683.

Joseph Lynde (i68i),of Charlestown, son of Thomas, of Charlestown, was born
June 3, 1636, and became a freeman in 1671. He married, (i) March 24, 1665, Sarah,
daughter of Nicholas Davison (1648), who died Dec. 13, 1678, and (3) Mary, widow of
Adam Winthrop (1692). He represented Charlestown in the House of Deputies in 1674,
1679, and 1680; was one of the Council of Safety in 1689; "made a councillor by the
King in the charter of 1691, but left out at the first election by the people," says Mr.
Savage. He was active in military matters, and was promoted to the grade of lieutenant-
colonel. He was first sergeant of the Artillery Company in 1682, and its lieutenant in
1692. He died at Charlestown, Jan. 29, 1726-7.

" In August, 169s, Lieut.-Col. Joseph Lynde, one of our most distinguished citizens,
was commissioned to pursue the Indians who had attacked Billerica in the early part of
the month, and who had killed or captured fifteen persons. But the pursuit was fruitless,
the Indians eluding the search for them." '

Thaddeus Maccarty (1681), of Boston, shopkeeper, held a town office in Boston
in 1674. He was one of the founders of King's Chapel; present at the first meeting,
June 15, 1686; was warden in 1695, and died June 18, 1705, aged sixty-five years. He
was buried in the Granary Burial-Ground.

Solomon Phips (1681), of Charlestown, son of Solomon, married, (i) Nov. 13,
1667, Hannah Pickard, who died Feb. i, 1668, and (2) Mary, daughter of Deputy-
Gov. Thomas Danforth. They joined the church there, April 3, 1670, and he was
admitted to be a freeman May 11, 1670. He was captain of the Charlestown company.

Letters of administration were granted his widow, July 10, 1693.

John Pordage (1681) probably should be George Pordage. Mr. Savage mentions
only "George Portage." He married Elizabeth Lynde, daughter of Simon (1658). In
the Annals of King's Chapel the name is given as George Pordage. He was a merchant,

John Long (1681). Authorities : New Eng. west, and very dry." — Se-wall Papt'is, Vol. II., p.

Hist, and Gen. Reg., 1847, p. 138; Savage's Gen. 255.
Diet.; Frothingham's Hist, of Charlestown. Thaddeus Maccarty (1681). AUTHORITIES:

Joseph Lynde (1681). Authorities: Sav- Foote's .\nnals of King's Chapel; Savage's Gen.

age's Gen. Diet.; Hurd's Hist, of Middlesex Co., Diet.
Vol. I., p. 29; Frothingham's Hist, of Charlestown. Solomon Phips (1681). Authorities: Wy-

" May 7, 1709. .\bout 6. or 7. F. M. Col. Lynde man's Charlestown Genealogies and Estates; Sav-

of Charlestown had his Malt-House and Dwelling age's Lien. Diet.
house burnt down, wind blowing hard at South ' Mem. Hist, of Boston, Vol. H., p. 327.


and gave five pounds toward the erection of King's Chapel in 1689. He very soon after
removed from the province. His daughter, Hannah, married, Sept. 16, 1714, James
Bowdoin, and was the mother of James (Harv. Coll., 1745), the president of the con-
vention of 1 780, first president of the American Antiquarian Society, and second Governor
of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.

Nathaniel Reynolds (1681), of Boston, is not mentioned in the town records from
1676 to 1680, though he is, several times, before 1676 and after 1680. Mr. Savage says
"he lived in Bristol some years." His son, Nathaniel, born in 1662, would have been
but nineteen years old in 1681. Probably Lieut. Nathaniel, who joined the Artillery
Company in 1658, rejoined in 1681.

Richard Sprague (1681), of Charlestown, son of Ralph Sprague (1638), and
nephew of Richard (1638), all of Charlestown, was born in England. In 1674, during
the Dutch war, he commanded an armed vessel of twelve guns, and cruised in
Long Island Sound for the protection of the coastwise trade. March 16, 1680-1, the
Charlestown train-band was divided into two companies, Capt. Laurence Hammond
(1666) commanding one, and Capt. Richard Sprague (1681) the other. He was a
representative in 1681, and for some years after. In 1689, with Laurence Hammond
(1666) and John Cutler (1681), he was deprived of his command for opposing the acts
of the convention of May 22, 1689, which voted to restore the old charter, and reinstate
the civil and military officers deposed in 1686 by Andros. On the day of the revolu-
tion, April 18, 1689, when the conflict with Andros was being carried on, Capt. Richard
Sprague (1681) led his company of Charlestown men to Boston.

He died Oct. 7, 1703, having made by will generous bequests to the church, etc.,
and also four hundred pounds to Harvard College.

He was first sergeant of the Artillery Company in 1683.

Mr. Whitman (i8io) follows Mr. Budington's History, p. 192, and calls him "son of
Richard," which is an error.

Samuel Worden (1681), of Boston, married a daughter of Gov. Thomas Hinckley,
and had Samuel born in Barnstable in 1684. He removed to that town, and died not
long after, for his widow married, in 1698, William, son of William Avery (1654), of

Rev. John Richardson, of Newbury, delivered the Artillery sermon of 1681.' He
was born at Boston in December, 1647, graduated at Harvard College in 1666, and Oct.
20, 1675, was ordained as a colleague of Rev. Thomas Parker, of Newbury. His salary
was " one hundred pounds, one-half in merchantable barley, and the rest in merchant-
Richard Sprague (1681). Authorities: Rev. John Richardson. Authorities: Sav-
Budington's Hist, of First Church, Charlestown; Gen. Diet.; Coffin's Hist, of Newbury; Sibley's
Savage's Gen. Diet. Graduates of Harv. Coll.

"8r. 13, 1703. Capt Rich'd Sprague ... is '"16S1. June 6, I went to Art'llery Election,

buried in Mr. Morton's Tomb. I was there. Most Mr. Richardson preached. — the ministers dined at
of the Scholars, Joseph for one : My Gloves were Wings with the Artillery & I among them." —
too little, I gave them him. Gov. there." — Se-uall Journal of Rev. Peter Thacher.
Papers, Vol. II., p. 89.


able pork, wheat, butter or Indian corn." He died in Newbury, April 27, 1696. His
monument bears the following inscription : —

" Resurrection to immortality — is here expected from what was mortal of the Reverend Mr. John
Richardson (once Fellow of Harvard College, afterwards Teacher to the Church in Newbury), putt off
Apr. 27, 1696, in the fiftieth year of his age.

" When Preachers dy, the Rules the pulpit gave.
To live well, are still preached from the grave.
The Faith & Life, which your dead Pastor taught,
In one grave with him, Syrs, bury not."

" Abi viator.
A mortuo disce vivere moriturus
E Terris disce cogitare de Crelis."

^ p. The officers elected were: Theophilus Frary (1666), captain; John

JQq2"'2. Wing (1671), lieutenant ; John PhiUips (1680), ensign. Joseph Lynde

»-^ (1681) was first sergeant; Samuel Ravenscroft (1679), second sergeant;

Joseph Bridgham (1674), third sergeant; Nathaniel Byfield (1679), fourth sergeant;

Nathaniel Barnes (1676), clerk: John Marion, drummer, and Edward Smith, armorer.

The relations between King Charles and the Colony of Massachusetts became more
and more unfriendly. Stimulated by Randolph, he preferred claims and made encroach-
ments which they resisted. The causes of irritation, both on the part of the King and
of the colonists, gradually increased, until a writ of quo warranto was issued, summoning
the Governor and Company of the Massachusetts Bay to the bar of the Court of King's
Bench, in London. The agents of the colony, unwilling to undertake the management
of a question upon which the political existence, liberty, and property of their con-
stituents depended, returned home. Instructions were sent over to Mr. Robert
Humphreys, a London barrister of the Inner Temple, to appear for the colony at the
approaching term of the Court of King's Bench, " to save a default and gain what time
he might, . . . that a better day might shine."

The new members recruited in 1682-3 were: Thomas Baker, John Ballentine,
Jonathan Call, Thomas Cole, Henry Deering, John Eyre, Edward Hunlock, John Jacobs,
Ebenezer Pierpont, Benjamin Savage, Ebenezer Savage, Edward Smith, Giles Sylvester,
Daniel Taylor, Michael Williams.

Thomas Baker (1682), of Boston, son of John (1644), was born Feb. 12, 1654.
He was, like his father, a blacksmith. He held minor town ofifices, and was a member
of Capt. John Richards's (1644) company, and a tithing-man in 1680. The last time
his name is mentioned in the Boston town records is May 5, 1685. He was second
sergeant of the Artillery Company in 1696. He died Jan. 3, 1697.

John Ballentine (1682), of Boston, son of William, was born Sept. 29, 1653. He
was a member of Major Savage's (1637) military company, and a tithing-man in 1680;
of Capt. Henchman's (1675) in 1681 ; a constable of Boston in 1683 ; was captain of a

Thomas Baker (1682). Authorities: New "Sabbath, Dec. 19, 1 686." Thomas Baker was

Eng. Hist, and Gen. Reg., 1861, p. 124 (father's the first person who informed Judge Sewall of the
will); Boston Records. arrival, that morning, of Sir Edmund Andros.


company in 1705, afterward major; became lieutenant-colonel in 17 10, and colonel in
1 712. ^e represented Boston in the House of Deputies in 1726. He was ensign of
the Artillery Company in 1694, lieutenant in 1697, and captain in 1703 and 17 10. He
was active in promoting the revival of the Company, and from his so frequently being
a bondsman, must have continued a member until his death, which occurred April 27,
1734. His son, Capt. John, joined the Artillery Company in 1694. His mansion was
near Mill Bridge, which, for years, at Ann Street, from its dangerous weakness, was a
source of complaint by the selectmen. Col. Ballentine (1682), with others, was
obliged to maintain it. His name was perpetuated in " Ballentine's Corner," Hanover
Street, corner of Marshall's Lane. The latter extended from Capt. Ballentine's (1682)
corner, Hanover Street, near the Mill Bridge, to the corner of Capt. Fitch's (1700) tene-
ment, corner of Union Street.'

Jonathan Call (1682), spelled Cawle on the roll, of Charlestown, son of John, of
Charlestown, was born Jan. 20, 1658. He married Martha Lowdon, and with her he
joined the Charlestown church, March 6, 1687. He was representative from Charles-
town in 1689. He was a lieutenant of the Charlestown company, and died May 4,

Thomas Cole (1682).

Henry Deering (1682), of Boston in 1663, a shopkeeper, was born Aug. 16, 1639.
He married, (i) June 8, 1664, Ann, widow of Ralph Benning, and (2) Elizabeth, widow of
Theodore Atkinson and daughter of Edward Mitchelson (1638). In 1678, he was fined
ten pounds for refusing to serve as constable, and was a member of Capt. Davis's (1643)
military company in 1680, and of Capt. Hutchinson's (1670) in 1684. He was clerk of
the market in 1685, and held other town offices, besides being moderator of the town
meetings several times, and also auditor of the town treasurer's accounts. In 1703, the
selectmen appointed him " Master of the Engine Company." He was clerk of the
Artillery Company in 1683, 1684, and 1691 ; first sergeant in 1685 ; ensign in 1693, and
lieutenant in 1696. He was also ensign, lieutenant, and captain, successively, in a
Boston company. He died in 1717.

Mr. Hutchinson, in speaking of the great mortality among old people in that year,
says, " He was buried with his wife in one grave." -

John Eyre (1682), of Boston, merchant, son of Simon, of Watertown, was born
Feb. 19, 1654, and married. May 20, 1680, Catherine, daughter of Thomas Brattle
(1675). He was one of the nine persons, all members of the Artillery Company, who,

John Ballentine (1682). Authorities: New "[1700, Monday] June 17. Mr. John Eyre
Eng. Hist, and Gen. Reg., 1852, p. 371 ; Boston makes his Will in the morning and dies in the After-
Records; Drake's Hist, of Boston; Savage's Gen. noon, an hour or 2 before Sunset. Born Febr 19,
Diet. 1653/4. I visited him on Satterday in the After-
Jonathan Call (16S2). Authority: Charles- noon: He was sitting up in his little Room, Took
town Records. me by the hand at tirst coming in, Desired me to

Henry Deering (1682). Authorities: Sav- pray for him w hen took leave. . . .
age's Gen. Diet.; Boston Records. "Fourth-day, June 19, 1700. Mr Jno Eyre is

John Eyre (1682). Authorities: Boston entomed in the new burying place." — i'e-itw//

Records; Descendants of Thomas Brattle, by Harris, Papers, Vol. Jl., pp. 15, 16.
p. 25; New Eng. Hist, and Gen. Reg., 1855, p. 39 ' Drake's Hist, of Boston, p. 813.

(.his father's will) ; 1861, p. 13. ^ Hutchinson, L, 223.


with Bradstreet, Stoughton, and four others, — fifteen in all, — signed the first summons
sent to Andros to surrender, when he retired with his council and friends to the fort on
Fort Hill for safety. John Eyre (1682) and Nathaniel Oliver, father of Nathaniel
(1701), were the bearers of that summons, to which Andros declined to yield ; but he
did surrender later, at the personal demand of Capt. John Nelson (1680). He was one
of the Committee of Safety in 1689; a representative for Boston in 1693, 1596, 1698,
and 1699 ; a selectman in 1694 and 1695, and held many positions of trust and useful-
ness in the town. He lived in Prison Lane, formerly called Queen, now Court Street.

He died June 17, 1700, and his widow married, in 1707, Waitstill Winthrop

Edward Hunlock (1682), of Boston, came over from Derbyshire about 1680. He,
by wife Margaret, had three children born in Boston, the last being born Feb. 15, 1686.
He soon removed to Burlington, in the province of New Jersey, whence he wrote, July
12, 1695, to his kinsman, John, of Boston. In December, 1699, he was appointed by
Gov. Hamilton one of the three provincial judges, and in the first year of her reign
Queen Anne, by commission dated Nov. 16, 1702, to her cousin, Lord Cornbury,
Governor of New Jersey, named Edward Hunlock (1682) the first of his thirteen

John Jacobs (1682), of Hingham, born in England about 1630, was a son of
Nicholas, of Hingham. He married, (i) Oct. 20, 1653, Margery Fames, who died
April 7, 1659, and, (2) Oct. 3, 1661, Mary Russell. He resided in South Hingham,
near the meeting-house of the Second Parish. He was a selectman in 1662, 1665, 1683,
1686, and 1689, and an active business man.

Capt. John's (1682) son, John, Jr., was a member of Capt. Johnson's company in
the Narraganset campaign of December, 1675, ^^i^ ^^^s killed by the Indians, xApril 19,
1676, near his father's house. Capt. Jacobs (1682) was engaged in King Philip's War,
and for some time had command of a company.

He died Sept. 18, 1693, aged, as his gravestone in the High Street Cemetery, in
Hingham, says, " about 63 years."

Ebenezer Pierpont (1682), of Roxbury, son of John, of Roxbury, was born Dec.
21, 1661. He married, Oct. 20, 1692, Mary Ruggles, and died Dec. 11, 1696.

Benjamin Savage (1682), of Boston, baptized Oct. 12, 1662, was the fifteenth
child, and eleventh son, of Major Thomas Savage (1637). He is not mentioned in the
Boston town records.

Ebenezer Savage (1682), of Boston, born May 22, 1660, was the thirteenth child,
and ninth son, of Major Thomas Savage (1637). He was an upholsterer.

Edward Smith (1682), of Boston, was the armorer of the Military Company of the
Massachusetts from 1677 to 1685 inclusive.

Edward Hunlock (1682). Authority: Sav- Eng. Hist, and Gen. Reg., 1S88, p. loi; Lincoln's
age's Gen. Diet. Hist, of Hingham.

John Jacobs (1682). Authorities; New


Giles Sylvester (1682), of Boston, perhaps son of Nathaniel, of Shelter Island,
married Hannah, eldest daughter of Major Thomas Savage (1637), and widow of Benja-
min Gillam, in 1685. At that time, he is supposed to have moved to Shelter Island,
where was the manorial estate of his father, who died in 1680.

Daniel Taylor (1682). A Daniel Taylor was in "Saybrook in 1689."

Michael Williams (1682).

Rev. Samuel Whiting, Jr., of Billerica, delivered the Artillery election sermon of
1682.1 fje was a son of Rev. Samuel Whiting, of Lynn, who delivered the Artillery
election sermon in 1660, and was born in England, March 25, 1633. He graduated at
Harvard College in 1653; became a freeman in 1656. He was the first minister of
Billerica, settling there in 1658, and was ordained Nov. ir, 1663, after preaching there
five years. He died Feb. 28, 1713.

, p. The officers elected were : Ephraim Savage (1674), captain ; Anthony

I OO ^"Zl. ^'^^'-''^^y (1662), lieutenant; Samuel Sewall (1679), ensign. Richard
•-^ ^ Sprague (1681) was first sergeant; Francis Foxcroft (1679), second
sergeant; William Colman (1676), third sergeant; John Barnard (1677), fourth ser-
geant; Henry Deering (1682), clerk; John Marion, drummer, and Edward Smith
(1682), armorer.

The relations between the colony and the King did not improve. The General
Court urged Mr. Humphreys, their legal representative, to "use his endeavor to spin
out the case to his utmost," and they sent an additional address to the King, in which
they prayed that he would not impute it to " the perverseness of their minds," that they
could not make the submission which he demanded.

Meanwhile, there were several indications of a desire to conciliate royalty. The
cross in the King's colors had been made a pretext for not using them, but now, by
order of the major-general, the captains of companies were required, "with all con-
venient speed," to provide a suite of colors for their respective commands, "ye ground
field or flight whereof is to be green, with a red cross with a white field in ye angle,
according to the ancient custom of our English nation, and the English plantation in
America, and our own practice in our ships and other vessels." The scruple against
the use of the King's colors, however, still continued in many minds.

Judge Samuel Sewall (1679) was, in 1685, captain of the south company of militia
in Boston. In his diary, under date of Aug. 20, 1686, he wrote : "Read tenth Jeremiah ;
was in great exercise about the cross to be put into the colors and afraid, if I should
have a hand in it, whether it may not hinder my entrance into the holy land." On the

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