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History of the Military company of the Massachusetts, now called the Ancient and honorable artillery company of Massachusetts. 1637-1888 (Volume 1) online

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Samuel Lynde (1691), of Boston, a son of Simon (1658), was born in Boston,
Dec. I, 1653. He was a merchant, and owned a brick house and brick warehouse on
Cornhill, and a pasture and an orchard on Cambridge Street. He also owned land,
which he inherited from his father, in Freetown, and donated the lot on which the first
meeting-house was built in that town. He also owned an island in the Kennebec River.

Samuel Lynde (1691) was very prominent from 1692 to 1708 in town affairs.
From Nov. ig, 1702, to 1718, he was one of the " Majesties Justices." In 1690, Mr.
Lynde (1691) was one of the grand jury which indicted Thomas Hawkins and nine
others for piracy, all of whom were tried and executed. In 1692, according to the
Boston Records, Samuel Lynde (1691) was chosen an overseer of the poor "by paper
votes." In i7ii,he petitioned the town for an abatement of taxes on account of his
losses by the great fire of that year. He was a member of the Boston military, and
became lieutenant.

His brother, Benjamin (Harv. Coll., 1686), studied at Temple Bar, and became
chief-justice of the province. Benjamin (Harv. Coll., 1718), son of Benjamin, and
nephew of Samuel Lynde (1691), also became chief-justice, and presided at the trial
of Capt. Preston in 1770 for the Stale Street massacre.

Lieut. Samuel Lynde (1691) died Oct. 2, and was buried Oct. 5, 1721.

John Marion, Jr. (1691), cordwainer, was a son of John Marion, who was the
drummer for the Artillery Company from 1679 to 1685. John, Jr. (1691) was born in
1650, and married Ann, daughter of John Harrison (1638). He resided for a short time
in Cambridge, but soon, with his father, removed to Boston. He was admitted a freeman
in 1679, and was subsequently prominent in town matters. He held several offices, but
principally that of selectman, in which he served in 1697-1701, 1703-5, and 1714-25.
He was four times moderator of the annual town meeting, and held special positions of
honor and influence. In 1721 and 1722, he was one of a committee selected to instruct
the representatives of Boston in the General Court. In 1677, John Marion, Sr., and
his sons, John, Jr. (1691), and Samuel (1691), signed the petition to the General Court
" for protection in their several callings."

Samuel Lynde (1691). Authorities: Sav- "[1727-8] Jan 4. . . . About 9 a-clock on

age's Gen. Diet.; Boston Records. Wednesday night Deacon Jno Marion dies very sud-

John Marion, Jp. (1691.) Authorities: denly : was well at his Son's the Tuesday night

Savage's Gen. Diet.; Boston Records; King'sChapel before, discoursing of Weighty Affairs; was seiz'd

Burial-Ground, by Bridgman. about 10 on Wednesday morning. . . . Monday

"Oct 13, 1690, John Marion Jr. was elected Jan 8. buried. A very great Funeral. Was laid
Clerk of the South Company and Sworn, had 23 in a Grave a little above my Tomb in the South-
votes." — Sfwall Papers, Vol. //., /. 333. burying place." — Seiuall Papers, Vol. III., p.

" 1710, July 10, Mr Jnu Marion and I went to 389.
Rumney Marsh to the Raising of the Meeting
House." — Ser^vall Papers.


John Marion, Jr. (1691), became a member of the First Church in Boston, Aug. 26,
1677, and was ordained a deacon of that church, Sept. 6, 1696. He was third sergeant
of the Artillery Company in 1694. He died Jan. 3, 1728, in his seventy-eighth year,
and was buried in the King's Chapel Burial-Ground.

Samuel Marion (1691), of Boston, tailor, was a son of John Marion, who was
drummer for the Company from 1679 to 1685, and a brother of John Marion, Jr. (1691).
Samuel (169 1 ) was born in Watertown, Mr. Bridgman says, " Dec. 14, 1655," and removed
with his father to Boston. Judge Sewall (1679), in his diary, relates the sad manner
of the death of Samuel's (1691)- wife, Hannah, which occurred April 4, 1688. Samuel
(1691) held minor town offices from 1695 to 1698 inclusive, and in the latter year was
a member of the regular militia of Boston. He died Aug. 6, 1726, and his will, dated
April 18, 1726, was proved Aug. 13, 1726. Like his father, he was a drummer, and
served the Company in that office from 1691 to 1701.

William Paine (1691), whose father, Tobias, came from Jamaica to Boston in 1666,
was born in Boston, Jan. 21, 1669. His mother was Sarah (Standish) Paine, widow of
Miles Standish, Jr., and daughter of John Winslow, of Plymouth, who mentioned his
grandson, William Paine (1691), in his will.

William Paine (1691) graduated at Harvard College in 16S9, after which, for two
years, he was in the employ of his stepfather, Richard Middlecot, and learned book-
keeping. In 1698, Gov. Stoughton appointed him in the revenue service, and in 1699,
Lord Bellomont made him collector. Mr. Paine (1691) held this office eleven years.
In 1 7 14, he became sheriff of Suffolk County. In 17 16, he retired from business, and
lived upon the income of his estate.

The first town meeting (Nov. 16, 171 1) held after the great fire of 1711, in which
the town-house, largely erected through the munificence of Robert Keayne (1637), was
destroyed, considered proposals made by the General Assembly for the erection of a
new house where the old town-house stood. Thomas Brattle (Harv. Coll., 1676) and
William Paine (1691) were appointed a committee on the part of the town for jointly
constructing a house to accommodate both the town and the colony. Aug. 3, 17 13, the
selectmen of Boston appointed William Paine (1691) and John Colman to have pre-
pared " an Act suitable to lay before ye Gen'U Court," relating to the town of Boston
being concerned in erecting and maintaining a lighthouse. This resulted in the erection
of a lighthouse — the first in Boston Harbor — on the "Great Brewster," in 17 15.

Mr. Paine (1691) became a member of the Second Church, March 20, 1692, and
was one of the founders of the Brattle Street Church in 1699. He represented Boston
in the General Court in 17 15 and 17 16, and was prominent and active in the concerns
of the town, serving as a selectman in 17 13. He was third sergeant of the Artillery
Company in 1696.

Mr. Whitman (1810), in his history of the Artillery Company, says William Paine
(1691) was brother-in-law of the celebrated Elisha Cooke, Jr. (1699), and being
attached to his party, upon the removing of John White from the office of clerk of the

Samuel Marion (1690. Authorities : Bos- William Paine (1691). Authorities : Boston

ton Records; Savage's Gen. Diet.; King's Chapel Records; Savage's Gen. Diet.; New Eng. Hist. and

Burial-Ground, by Bridgman. Gen. Reg., 1856 (will); Drake's Hist, of Boston;

" [1726, Saturday] Aug. 6, Saml Marion dies : Robbins's Hist, of Second Church; Sibley's Harvard

was born Xr 1654." — Srwall Papers, Vol. III., Graduates.
A 379-


House of Representatives for party reasons, in 1721, Mr. Paine (1691) was elected to
that station.

He married, (i) in October, 1694, Mary Taylor, who died Jan. 6, 1700, and, (2)
May 12, 1703, Anne Stuart. Mr. Paine (1691) died July 11, 1735.

Daniel Powning (1691), of Boston, shopkeeper, son of Henry (1677), was born in
Boston, Aug. 27, 1661, and was baptized Sept. i following, at the First Church. He
was a tithing-man, and a member of the military of Boston in 169S and 1704 ; selectman
from 1705 to 1 7 10, and assessor from 1711 to 1726.

In 1707, a powder-house was erected by the town -on the hill near the Frog Pond,
" on the Common, or training-field." It seems from sundry votes passed by the select-
men in 1 7 13, 1 7 18, 1719-34, that Lieut. Powning (1691) had charge of the powder-
house and its contents for more than twenty years.

May 3, 1708, when the streets of the town were named by the selectmen, "The
way from mr. Pownings Corner by Dock Square leading Southerly into King Street " was
called " Crooked Lane."

He was second sergeant of the Company in 1693, and a member and deacon of the
New South Church. He died in 1735.

Timothy Pratt (1691), tradesman, of Boston, son of Timothy and Deborah Pratt,
was born in Boston, Dec. 18, 1660. He married, Nov. 19, 1679, Grace Shippey. In
1684, he served as a tithing-man, and was a member of Capt. Turell's (1660) military
company. He was a constable in 1692. His father, in his will of Aug. 16, 1694, men
tions a daughter " of his son Timothy, deceased."

Timothy Thornton (1691), of Boston, merchant, son of Rev. Thomas Thornton,
of Yarmouth and Boston, was born in England in 1647. He came to America with his
parents in 1662-3, lived in Yarmouth, but moved to Boston in 1677. He held various
town offices in Boston, having been scavenger, 1690 ; constable, 16S2 ; assessor, 1694 and
171 1-2 ; tithing-man, 17 14 and 1715 ; highway surveyor, 1717 ; selectman, 1693 and 1694,
and representative to the General Court in 1693, 1694, and 1695.

In 1707, Aug. 27, he was appointed by the selectmen to have charge of the town's
wharf, docks, etc., at Merry's Point, North End, and retained their use and possession
by subsequent leases until 1718. In 1708, he built a ship at the Point. He served the
town on important committees, — as, regulating the price of corn for bakers, and purchas-
ing additional land for a burial-place at the North End.

Timothy Thornton (1691), Elisha Hutchinson (1670), and John Walley (1671),
were the committee, acting by order of the General Court, Feb. 3, 1690, charged with
the service of issuing the first paper currency after the disastrous e.xpedition of Sir
William Phips against Canada. In 1690, by virtue of this action, bills of credit were
issued by the Colony of Massachusetts Bay, being the first issue in the American colonies.
Bill No. 4980, for five shillings, was issued Dec. 10, 1690, and was signed by John
Phillips (1680), Adam Winthrop (1692), and Penn Townsend (1674). A specimen was
in the possession of the late Hon. Robert C. Winthrop (1830). The first bills were
probably written, and not engraved.

Daniel Powning (i6gi). Authority: Bos- Bond's Watertown; Boston Records; New Eng.
ton Records. Hist, and Gen. Reg., 1862, 1870; .Shurtlcff's Des. of

Timothy Thornton (i6gi). Authorities: Boston; Copp's Hill Burial-Ground, by Bridgman.


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Mr. Thornton (1691) was married twice : first, to Experience , who died March

23, 1694, and, second, to Sarah , who died Dec. 3, 1725, aged eighty-six years.

He died Sept. 19, 1726, and was buried in Copp's Hill Burial-Ground.

His son, Ebenezer, joined the Artillery Company in 17 16.

Timothy Wadsworth (i 691), carpenter and gunsmith, of Boston, son of Samuel
and Abigail (Lindall) Wadsworth, of Milton, was born in 1662. He was admitted a
freeman in 1690, served in Boston as a tithing-man in 1691 and 1703, and was, there-
fore, identified with the military; was constable in 1691 and 1706; clerk of the market
in 1695-6, and surveyor of highways in 1704. Sept. 26, 1704, the selectmen "Ordered
that Mr. Timo. Wadsworth be desired to take Care of doing what is necessary in
repaireing the High way on ye neck & that as many of the free negroes & poor of ye
Town may be imployed therein as Shall be convenient."

Timothy's son, Recompense (Harv. Coll., 1708), was employed, June 20, 1709,
" to instruct the Scholars at the Lattin school " during the indisposition' of Mr. Nath-
aniel Williams.

In 1693, a fleet, under the command of Sir Francis Wheeler, arrived in Boston
Harbor from Barbadoes. Upon its arrival, the yellow fever appeared in Boston for the
first time. Judge Sewall (1679) alludes to the arrival of the fleet, and the appearance of
the fever. He wrote : " Last night Timo. Wadsworth's [1691] man dies of the Fever of the
Fleet, as is supposed, he having been on board and in the Hold of some ship. Town is
much startled at it." July 24, he wrote, " Capt. Turell is buried." Capt. Turell was an
active member of the Artillery Company, having joined it in 1660. He, also, died, it
was supposed, from the fleet fever.

Timothy Wadsworth (1691) was by trade a gunsmith, a son of Capt. Samuel, who
was killed by the Indians at Sudbury, April 18, 1676, and consequently a brother of
Rev. Benjamin Wadsworth, president of Harvard College, who delivered the Artillery
election sermon in 1700. Timothy Wadsworth (1691) was first sergeant of the Artillery
Company in 1696. He removed to Newport, R. I., and died there.

Thomas Willis (1691), of Medford, son of Thomas and Grace (Tay) Willis, was
born in Billerica, Aug. 15, 1666. He was a member of the militia, a deputy in 1701 and
1702, where he is called in the record, "Lieutenant." His grandfather was George
Willis, of Cambridge, who lived near what was afterwards called the " Washington Elm."
Thomas Willis (1691) moved from Billerica to Medford in 1672. In 1708, he conveyed
to his brother, Stephen, houses and land by the Mill Creek in Boston.

Rev. Cotton Mather delivered the Artillery election sermon of 1691 and also of
1707. He was the eldest son of Rev. Increase Mather, who delivered the Artillery
sermon in 1665, and was born in Boston, Feb. 12, 1663. He graduated at Harvard
College in 1678, was admitted to his father's church, Aug. 31, 1679, and became a free-
man in 1680, when at the age of seventeen years. He was ordained as colleague with
his father at the Second Church, May 13, 1685. He married. May 4, 1686, Abigail,
daughter of Col. John Bhillips (1680), of Charlestown. The latter was commander of
the Artillery Company in 1685-6.

Timothy Wadsworth (1691). Authorities: Biog. Diet.; Sprague's Annals of American Pulpit;
Teele's Hist, of Milton, p. 590; Boston Records. Biography of Cotton Mather, by Samuel Mather;

Rev. Cotton Mather. Authorities: Eliot's Dralie's Hist, of Boston; Mass. Hist. Colls.


Judge Sewall (1679) wrote in his diary: "May 10, 16S6. Went to Charlestown
and wished Mr. Cotton Mather joy : was married last Tuesday."

Rev. Cotton Mather married, (2) Aug. 18, 1703, — his first wife having died Dec. i,
1702, — Ehzabeth (Clark) Hubbard, widow of Richard. He married, (3) July 5, 17 15,
Lydia Lee, widow of John George (1702).'

He was honored with the degree of doctor of divinity by the University of Glas-
gow, and was a fellow of the Royal Society of London. He had been an overseer of
Harvard College, and at his decease was senior pastor of the Old North Church. He
was recognized as the greatest scholar of his day in America, and was active and influ-
ential in the concerns of the colony. He was prominent in the town of Boston for
forty-seven years, bringing persons of all ranks in life to listen to his word, and to
admire the man. Learning, piety, charity, wit, and goodness of temper were the marked
characteristics of his mind and life. There was universal sorrow at his decease, and
extraordinary marks of respect were paid his memory at his burial.

The Weekly Journal oi Feb. 28, 1728, says the si.x first ministers of the Boston
lecture supported the pall at the funeral ; several gentlemen of his flock bore the coffin ;
and after the immediate family and relatives came the Lieut. -Gov. William Dummer
(1702), his Majesty's council (fourteen in twenty-eight of whom were members of
the Artillery Company), House of Representatives, ministers, justices, and many others.
"The streets were crowded with people' and the windows filled with sorrowful spectators,
all the way to the burying-place." The family tomb is at Copp's Hill.

Rev. Mr. Cotton Mather seems ever to have been on cordial terms with the Artillery
Company. He delivered the first sermon in the second fifty years of the Company, —
1691, — and in 1707, when Rev. Mr. Sparhawk, of Bristol, R. L, was taken ill on his
way to Boston to preach the Artillery sermon, Rev. Cotton Mather, with a notice of
but a few hours, took Mr. Sparhawk's place, and delivered the sermon of 1707.

. The officers elected were : Wait Winthrop (1692), captain; Joseph

J QQ2" '2 . Lynde (1681), lieutenant; William Colman (1676), ensign. Thomas
■^ ^ Barnard (1681) was first sergeant; Samuel Johnson (1675), second
sergeant; John Cotta (1679), third sergeant; Robert Cumby (1691), fourth sergeant;
William Robie (1684), clerk; Robert Cumby (1691), clerk's assistant, and Samuel
Marion (1691), drummer.

After great labor and frequent disappointment, the new charter of Massachusetts
was obtained. March 29, 1692, Dr. Mather, in company with the newly-appointed
Governor, Sir William Phips, embarked at Plymouth for New England, and arrived at
Boston the fourteenth day of May.

During the administration of Sir William Phips, who was appointed by King
William in 1692, the fort on Castle Island was first called "Castle William." The
Crown sent thither a famous engineer. Col. Romer, who first demolished the old works,
and then raised a new fortification. A strong citadel was erected, and the King
furnished it with ordnance. The new bastions were long known by the names of the
"Crown," the "Rose," the "Royal," and the "Elizabeth" bastions. The ordnance

" [1692] May 2, No .•\rtillery Training, so near ' See a curious letter from Mr. Mather to Mr.

the Election." — Sewall Papers, Vol. /., /. 360. C'ohnan, New Eng. Hist, and Gen. Reg., \., 60.




consisted of twenty-four nine-pounders, twelve twenty-four-pounders, eighteen thirty-

The year 1692 is historically memorable for the witchcraft delusion. The position
and justly supposed judgment and candor of prominent members of the Artillery Com-
pany made some of them conspicuous in this trouble. A special commission was
appointed for the trial of persons suspected of witchcraft. The court, which commenced
its sessions at Salem, June 2, 1692, consisted of : William Stoughton, a cold and severe
man, "partisan of Andros," and never a member of the Company, as chief-justice;
Major Nathaniel Saltonstall declining from conscientious scruples to serve, Jonathan
Corwin took his place; Major John Richards (1644), Major Bartholomew Gedney,
Wait Winthrop (1692), Capt. Samuel Sewall (1679), and Peter Sergeant. Capt.
Anthony Checkley (1662) was appointed attorney- general, but, declining to serve,
Thomas Newton (1703) was appointed in his stead. By this court, nineteen persons
were hanged, one pressed to death, and eight others condemned.

The first Superior Court, established by an act of 1692, met at Salem, Jan. 30,
1692-3. On the seventh day of December preceding, William Stoughton was appointed
chief-justice, Thomas Danforth, John Richards (1644), Wait Winthrop (1692), and
Samuel Sewall (1679), justices. Three persons were condemned by this court, but, on
its adjournment to Charlestown, the Governor reprieved them.

The last court which tried witchcraft cases was held in Boston, April 25, 1693.
Messrs. Danforth, Richards (1644), and Sewall (1679) presided. At this session, Capt.
John Alden,' of Boston, was acquitted, and Mary Watkins was condemned. The court
imprisoned her, "and she was finally sold into bondage in Virginia." Judge Sewall
(1679) became conscious of an error in this matter, and made a public confession of
his mistake on the fast day, Jan. 14, 1697, — appointed on account of the late tragedy,
— standing before the congregation in the Old South.

The members recruited in 1692 were: Joseph Belknap, Jr., John Borland, Joseph
Briscoe, Addington Davenport, Gibson Fawer, Robert Gibbs, Nathaniel Hall, Heze-
kiah Henchman, Thomas Jackson, John Keech, William Keen, Samuel Lilley, John More,
David Norton, James Thornbury, John Winslow, Adam Winthrop, Joseph Winthrop,
Wait Winthrop.

Joseph Belknap, Jr. (1692), of Boston, leather-dresser, or, as Mr. Savage says,
"leather breeches maker," was the eldest son of Joseph Belknap (1658), of Salem and
Boston, and was born Jan. 26, 1659. His son, Jeremy, had Joseph (1742), whose son,
Jeremy, was the learned historian of New Hampshire, and the author of valuable
volumes of American biography. Joseph, Jr. (1692), was a member of the Old South
Church, of which his father, Joseph (1658), was one of the founders in 1669. Joseph
Belknap, Jr. (1692), was a tithing-man in 1703, a member of the Boston militia, and

Joseph Belknap, Jr. (1692.) AUTHuRrriEs: Hiswillmentionswife, Abigail, and his children.

Boston Records; Savage's Gen. Diet.; Hill's Hist. His house was "at the head of Prison Lane, now

of Old South Church. called Queen Street." He also had land "on Ihe

"[1716] Apr. 2. . . . heard of Mr. Belknap's northwest side of Beacon Hill" and in Koxbury,

[death J at Braintry. . . . besiiles a cornfield and fulling-mill. (Probate Files,

"April 3. Went to the Funeral of my good Suffolk Co., Vol. XIX., folio 138.)

Friend Mr. Belknap." — Sewall Papers, J'ol. ///., ' " He was the son of the Pilgrim, John Alden,

//• 76' 77- °' Plymouth and Duxbury, and was seventy years of

"[1716] April 23. Prov'd Mr. Joseph Bel- age." — Man. Hist, of Boston, Vol. It., p. i^z,.
knaps Will." — Sewall Papers, Vol. III., p. 79.


became a commissioned officer. He held other minor town offices. He married (i)
Deborah, daughter of Jeremiah Fitch, by whom he had Jeremiah (1711). He married (2)
Abigail, daughter of Thomas Buttolph, by whom he had Nicholas (1725) and Abraham


In 1708, the way leading from Mr. Pollard's corner, in Brattle Street, through Mr.
Belknap's (1692) yard, into Queen Street, was named by the selectmen, Hillier's Lane.
Joseph, Jr. (1692), died March 30, 1716, his will, dated Dec. 22, 1715, being proved
April 23, 1716. He was third sergeant of the Company in 1699.

John Borland (1692), of Boston, merchant, came from Scotland to Boston about
1685. Mr. Whitman (1810) says, in his history of the Company, second edition, page
227, he was the "noted merchant " who was supposed to be principally concerned, with
Gov. Dudley's (1677) connivance, in 1706, in trading with the French, then at war, in
Nova Scotia and Canada. With others, he was brought to trial before the whole court,
found guilty, and sentenced to a fine of one thousand pounds and three months'
imprisonment. The court finally punished him the most severely of any concerned, by a
fine of one thousand one hundred pounds. This proceeding was not approved by the
Queen, and the fines were ordered to be refunded.

John Borland (1692) was a constable of Boston in 1691 ; tithing-man in 1699, 1701,
and 1710; overseer of the poor from 1703 to 1706, and was quite active in town matters.
March 2, 1 701-2, the selectmen granted "Liberty unto Mr. John Borland to burn Brick
& Lime in his orchard at the Northerly end of Adkinson's Lane for his House to be
built there this next summer."

In 1708, the way leading "from the South Meeting House passing by Mr. Bor-
lands & Mad'm Olivers & so down to the sea by Hallawayes," the selectmen named
Milk Street.

The Memorial History of Boston, Vol. II., p. 106, informs us that, when Gen. Hill
arrived at Boston in the frigate "Devonshire," June, 17 11, after he had been saluted by
the Castle, and had visited the council chamber, he was " entertained at Mr. Borland's,
one of the prominent merchants of the town and the Queen's agent."

The town records state that Mr. Borland (1692) owned a warehouse "near Swing
Bridge, and property opposite the Green Dragon Tavern."

He was elected assistant president of the Scots' Charitable Society in 1696, and
its president from 1703 to 17 16, and was a member of the Old South Church.

Sept. 6, 1726, the selectmen granted John Borland (1692) liberty to build a tomb
in the South Burial-Ground, No. 37, and he died March 30, 1727, in the sixty-seventh
year of his age.

Joseph Briscoe (1692), of Boston, a "loaf-bread baker," was born in Boston,

Aug. 21, 1658; married, in 1678-9, Rebecca , and their third child was Joseph

(1703). The parents of Joseph Briscoe (1692) were Joseph and Abigail (Compton)
Briscoe, of Boston. The father was drowned Jan. i, before the birth of his child, and
the grandmother Compton, left, in November, 1664, all her estate, sixteen pounds six-
teen shillings, to the fatherless child.

John Borland (1692). Authority: Boston age's Gen. Diet.; Boston Recoiils; Hill's Hist, of
Records. Old South Church.

Joseph Briscoe (1692). .Xuthokities: Sav-

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