Oliver Ayer Roberts.

History of the Military company of the Massachusetts, now called the Ancient and honorable artillery company of Massachusetts. 1637-1888 (Volume 1) online

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Obadiah Proctor (17 18) were allowed to dig up the highway, to lay a drain in Queen
(Court) Street, and thence in Cornhill (Washington Street) to the sewer. He was
second sergeant of the Artillery Company in 1 7 1 1 .

Richard Proctor (1699) died Jan. 28, 1719, and his widow, Rachel, died June 11,
1748, aged eighty-eight years. Their remains were interred in the King's Chapel
Burial-Ground.

His residence on Queen Street, so near the town pump standing in Cornhill, was
probably the reason of his having charge of its repairs in 1709, when he expended
;£2) (>^- upon the pump. He had charge of the same work in March, 17 14-5, and
expended ^6 10s. June 20, 171 1, the selectmen signed a lease, giving to Richard
Proctor (1699) and John Cookson (1701) the monopoly of sweeping the chimneys.
Three years later they were authorized to prosecute persons who swept chimneys con-
trary to law. In 1715, the partnership was dissolved, Mr. Proctor (1699) having charge
of the chimney sweeping within the bounds of the four south military companies (or
wards), and Mr. Cookson (1701) of the chimney sweeping within the bounds of the
four north companies.

Richard Proctor's (1699) business place was burned in the fire of 1711. On
account of his loss, the selectmen granted him, Dec. 20, 1711, the sum of ten pounds.
At the previous meeting of the board, Dec. 17, they leased to him the shop which was
the watch-house, at ^3 lOi'. per annum.

Joseph Russell (1699), of Boston, was born in 1665, and he married, June 5, 1693,
Susanna Cheever. She was a daughter of Ezekiel Cheever, the famous school-master.
The latter mentioned his grandchild, Ezekiel Russell, in his will.

Joseph Russell (1699) was a constable of Boston in 1693; clerk of the market in
1696, 1697, and 1700; in 1706 was chosen a tithing-man, and was fined for not serving.

Aug. 9, 1704, John Mountfort (1697), Jonathan Mountfort, John Farnum, Timothy
Wadsworth (1691), Joseph Russell (1699), John Bucanan (1695), and Edward Proctor
(1699) petitioned the selectmen for liberty to sink a well and place a pump, at their
own expense, in the highway, " at the southerly side of the house in which Mrs. Eliza-
beth Mountfort deceased lately dwelt at the parting of the two ways nigh to the North
meeting-house in Boston." The petition was granted.

Joseph Russell (1699) died March 13, 17 13, aged forty-eight years.

Richard Proctor (1699). Authority: Bos- Joseph Russell (1699). Authority: Buston

ton Records. Records.



322 HISTORY OF THE ANCIENT AND [1699-1700

Thomas Sandford (1699), of Boston, son of Robert (1661) and Elizabeth Sandford,
was born in Boston, April 27, 1673. He does not appear to be mentioned on the
Boston records, except " Thomas of Robert Sanfford " was christened in the First
Church, "4 day 3 mo," 1673.

Habijah Savage (1699), apothecary, of Boston, fourth son of Lieut.-Col. Thomas
Savage (1665), was born in Boston, Sept. 10, 1674. He was a grandson of Major
Thomas Savage (1637). The uncles of Habijah Savage (1699) — brothers of Lieut.-Col.
Thomas Savage (1665) — were Benjamin (1682), Ebenezer (1682), Capt. Ephraim
(1674), Capt Habijah (1665), and John (1694). Capt. Habijah Savage, Jr. (1733),
was a son of Lieut.-Col. Habijah (1699); and Col. Thomas Savage, Jr. (1693), was a
brother of Lieut.-Col. Habijah (1699). The latter married, on the 8th of July, 1703,
Hannah (Phillips) Anderson, daughter of Samuel Phillips (1693), bookseller. They
had Habijah (1733), Thomas (1739), and Arthur (1738).

Lieut.-Col. Habijah (1699) graduated at Harvard College in 1695. He was an
ofificer of the militia in Boston, captain of a company for several years ; became major
of the Boston regiment in 17 17, and its lieutenant-colonel in 1727. He was third
sergeant of the Artillery Company in 1701, lieutenant in 1709, and its captain in 171 1,
1721, and 1727, continuing a useful member until his decease. After he commanded
the last time, — being a field officer of the Boston regiment and in the ranks of the
Company, — upon the day of field exercise, April 7, 1729, all the commissioned officers
of the Artillery being absent " by illness and other avocations," he was, by hand vote,
selected to lead and exercise the Company on that day. He united with the Old South
Church, Jan. 16, 1708-9. He served as selectman of Boston from 1715 to 1718, and
was a representative of Boston in the General Court in 1717, 1718, and 1732. He
was chairman of a conimittee chosen in town meeting, Sept. 28, 1720, "to consider
about promoting of a Spinning School or Schools for the instruction of the children
of this town." The committee reported Dec. 27 following, and later the town devoted
three hundred pounds to the project. The school was established on Tremont Street,
between School and Winter, about where Hamilton Place now is. " Spinning wheels
then became the hobby-horses of the public. The females of the town, rich and poor,
appeared on the Common with their wheels and vied with each other in the dexterity
of using them." He was an auditor of the town treasurer's accounts in 1731, moderator
of the town meeting, Sept. 14, 1731, and, May 5, 1731, was one of a committee to draw
up instructions for the representatives. He was appointed a special justice of the Court
of Common Pleas, Dec. 15, 1732, and a justice of the peace, Dec. 19, 1728; reappointed
July 6, 1732.

Lieut.-Col. Habijah Savage (1699) died Sept. 16, 1746, aged seventy-two years.

John Wharton (1699), of Boston, was probably a son of Richard, of Boston. He
married, Oct. 14, 169S, Sarah Ballentine, who was born in Boston, Sept. 18, 1664. He
was second sergeant of the Artillery Company in 1704. Cert. Daniel Henchman (1712)
died Feb. 25, i76i,at the age of seventy-two years. In his will he mentions a John
Wharton, " who lived with him."

Habijah Savage (1699). AuinoRrnts: Boston Records; Savage's Gen. Diet.



'7°°-'] HONORABLE ARTILLERY COMPANY. 323

The entry on the Company record for 1 699 is as follows : —

"April 3'i 1699. The Artillery Company met and chose the Rev. Mr. Samuel
VVillard to preach the next election sermon and desired Lt. Col. Elisha Hutchinson
[1670], Maj. Penn Townsend [1674], .Lt Thomas Hunt [1685], and Ensign Samuel
Marshall [1685] to acquaint him with it and desire him to do it. Accepted by him.

"June 5"' 1699, The Rev. Mr. Samuel VVillard preached from i Kings ix. 22."

Rev. Samuel Willard,' of Boston, delivered the Artillery election sermon of 1699.
He was a son of Simon, of Cambridge, and was born Jan. 31, 1640. He began to preach
at Groton in 1662, was admitted a freeman in 1670, and was ordained July 13, 1G64.
He married, Aug. 8, 1664, Abigail, daughter of Rev. John Sherman, minister at Water-
town. March 31, 1678, he was installed over the Old South Church as successor of Rev.
Mr. Thacher, the first minister. He delivered the sermon on Fast Day in 1683, before
the General Court, and, on the resignation of Increase Mather as president of Harvard
College, he became his successor as vice-president, Sept. 6, 1701, and resigned Aug. 14,
1707. He died on the 12th of September following.



The officers elected were : Samuel Checkley (1678), captain; John

I 700" I . Barnard (1677), lieutenant; Zechariah Tuttle (1697), ensign. Thomas

• Savage (1693) was first sergeant; John Ballentine, Jr. (1694), second

sergeant; Samuel Keeling (1699), third sergeant; William Sutton (1695), fourth sergeant;

Robert Gibbs (1692), clerk, and Samuel Marion (169 1), drummer.

The year opened hopefully and prosperously. Additional free schools were estab-
lished in Boston and the outiying districts ; generous provisions were made for town
expenses, and five hundred pounds additional were levied on account of the great num-
ber of poor people, reduced to want on account of the eastern war with the Indians,
who had come to Boston. In 1700, Boston instructed its representatives to endeavor
for the abolition of slavery. Two years later a duty was laid on negroes imported into
the province.

Judge Sewall (1679) wrote in his diary: "April 7, 1701. Last Satterday's News
was brot by the Post of my Lords [Bellomont] Interment, March 27 ; So 46. Guns were
ordered to be fired at the Castle and 22. at the Sconce; were fired about 6 — p. m.
. . . The Artillery Company gave three Volleys in the middle of the Town when they
came out of the field, with regard to my Lord. Col Townsend wears a Wigg to day."

The members recruited in 1700 were : Silence Allen, Benjamin Gushing, Waterhouse
Fernly, Thomas Fitch, John Gerrish, David Jesse, Henry Jones, Edmund Knight, Kdward
Oakes, Jonathan Pollard, Wigglesworth Sweetser, Penn Townsend, Jr., Edward Winslovv,
and Peter Wyer.

Silence Allen (1700), cordwainer, of Boston, believed to have come from Dor-
chester, was born in 1667, as he testified in 1731 that he was sixty-four years of age.

Rev. Samuel Willard. Authorities: Hills eNccllent Election sermon. Gov'r dines at Monks.

Hist, of Old South Church; Sprague's Annals of Major Walley [1671] chosen Capt., Capt Byfield

American Pulpit; Eliot's Biog. Diet. [1679] Lieut., Tho. Hutchinson [1694] Ens. Gov'r

Silence Allen (1700). Authority: Boston Bellomont delivers the Badges, saying that He

Records. approv'd of the choice." — Sewall Papers, I ol. I.,

' " [1699] June 5. Mr. Willard preaches an /. 497.



324 HISTORY OF THE ANCIENT AND [1700-1

He married, Jan. 20, 1692, Esther Wiswall, of Dorchester, who was born Dec. 28, 1669.
He was active in town matters, being a clerk of the market in 1698; surveyor of high-
ways in 1702; constable in 1703; assessor in 1715, but declined to sene ; tithing-man
in 1716 and 1717, and was a sealer of leather in 1700, 1706-13, 1715, 1722-5, 1730,
and 1731. In 1724, March 30, the selectmen granted liberty to Mr. Silence Allen
(1700) to build tomb No. 28 in the South Burial-Ground. April 19, 1732, he resided on
Orange Street.

Benjamin Gushing (1700), merchant, of Boston, the youngest son of John and
Sarah (Hawke) Gushing, of Scituate, was born Feb. 4, 1679. ^'^r. Savage says, " Benja-
min [1700] traded to Barbadoes, perhaps never married, and is thought not to have left
a family." He was a lieutenant in the militia. He gave a power of attorney, dated at
Barbadoes in 1702, whence it is inferred he did business there.

Waterhouse Fernly (1700).

Thomas Fitch (1700), merchant, of Boston, son of Thomas and Martha (Fiske)
Fitch, was born Feb. 5, 1668-9, in Boston. He married Abiel, daughter of Rev. Samuel
Danforth, of Roxbury, who delivered the Artillery election sermon in 1667. Her mother,
Mary (Wilson) Danforth, was the youngest child of Rev. John Wilson, of Boston, who
is believed to have preached the first sermon before the Military Company of the Massa-
chusetts in 1638, and who was a brother-in-law of Capt. Robert Keayne (1637), the
founder of the Company. Mr. Fitch (1700) was very prominent in town affairs, and
held many-offices during the thirty-six years of his active service. In 1700, he was cap-
tain of a company of Boston militia; in 1712, major of a Boston regiment, and subse-
quently became its lieutenant-colonel and colonel. He was first sergeant of the Artillery
Company in 1701 ; ensign in 1703 ; heutenant in 1705, and its captain in 1708, 1720, and
1725. He was selectman of Boston from 1703 to 1705 inclusive; representative to the
General Court in 1709, 17 11, and 1712 ; councillor from 17 15 to 1730 inclusive, and in
1734, and was appointed a special justice of the Superior Court, Jan. 7, 17 18-9.

He owned a part of what is now the Common, on Boylston Street. His heirs
inherited this property, and added thereto by purchase, so they were the owners of all
the north side of Boylston Street. In 1757, they sold the present burial lot to the town,
and later, through William Foster, a portion of this land was sold to the town, viz., the
present deer park.

From Judge Sewall's (1679) papers, as quoted in the Memorial History of Boston,
Vol. II., p. 108, we learn that Gen. Phillips, the Governor of Nova Scotia, was in Boston
for a conference in 1719. He arrived on Sunday, Sept. 27, and Col. Fitch (1700), the
commander of the Boston regiment, who had orders to turn out his command to greet
the visitor, was in church when word was brought to him. He turned inquiringly
to Judge Sewall (1679), between prayer and singing. "I said 'No!'" records the
judge, and the colonel, "strengthened," kept his seat. The regiment, however, paraded
the next day, and was reviewed by the Governor of Nova Scotia. The field-officers
entertained him at dinner at the Green Dragon.

Thomas Fitch (1700) united with the Old South Church, Feb. 7, 1691, of which,

Benjamin Gushing (1700). AuxHORiTncs : Thomas Fitch (1700). AuTHORrriEs: Hill's

Lincoln's Hist, uf Hingham; Cushing Genealogy. Hist, of Old South Church; Boston Records; Whit-

man's Hist. A. and H. A. Company, Ed. 1842.



I700-I] HONORABLE ARTILLERY COMPANY. 325

as of the Artillery Company, he was for many years a useful member. In '1731, he
presented the church with a new set of flagons for the communion table. He died
June 23, 1736. His will — in which he gave "^300 to Harvard College, for the educa-
tion of scholars of good capacities for the work of the ministry " — was proved June 30,
1736. His inventory amounted to more than two thousand pounds. The expense of
his funeral was one hundred and sixty- two pounds. He was buried in his tomb. No. 19,
in the King's Chapel Burial-Ground, — the tomb now the property of the Pierce family,
who descended from Col. Fitch (1700) in the female line.

John Gerrish (1700), merchant, of Boston, was a son of Capt. John and Elizabeth
(Waldron) Gerrish, of Dover, and grandson of William, the captain of the first train-
band in Newbury. His mother, Elizabeth Waldron, was a daughter of Major Richard
Waldron, of Dover. Capt. Benjamin Gerrish (1714), of Boston, was a brother of Capt.
John (1700), whose son, Capt. John, Jr., joined the Artillery Company in 1718. The
family of John, of Dover, was a military family. There were six sons, all of whom held
office, being either captain or colonel in the militia.

Capt. John (1700) was born about 1670, and was married in Boston, by Simon
Bradstreet, Esq., Governor, to Lydia Watts, on the 19th of April, 1692. He was a
tithing-man in 1696 and 1701 ; elected constable in 1702, but declined. He was a
member of a company, with Capt. Oliver Noyes (1699), Capt. John George (1702),
and three others, who, March 13, 1709-10, agreed, at their own cost and charge, to
build a wharf at the end of King, now State, Street. This was the origin of Long Wharf,
which on the map of 17 14 (Bonner's) is represented as nearly covered with warehouses.
He was in partnership with his brother, under the firm name of John and Joseph Gerrish.
He was third sergeant of the Artillery Company in 1702, ensign in 1712, and lieutenant
in 1714.

David Jesse (1700), goldsmith, probably came to Boston from Connecticut. He
married, before Aug. 18, 1698, Mary Wilson, of Hartford, and they had five children
born in Boston. He left a good estate to his wife in 1 708. His name appears but
once in the Boston town records. "April 19"", 1704, Mr. David Jess [1700] is chosen
to serve as constable," instead of Mr. John Noyes (1698), declined.

Henry Jones (1700).

Edmund Knight (1700). The date and place of his birth are not known. He
married, Aug. i, 1709, Grace Webb. He was chosen a constable of Boston, March 9,
1701-2, and, March 10, 1718-9, was one of a committee of seven, selected by the town
" to consult the common good " and report to the town.

Edward Oakes (1700) was a shopkeeper in Boston, according to Mr. Whitman
(1810). Mr. Oakes (1700) was a constable in 1702; a tithing-man and member of
the Boston militia in 1704; clerk of the markets in 1709 and 171 2, and held town
office, also, in 1716. He was clerk of the Artillery Company from 1703 to 1706, and
third sergeant in 1707.

John Gerrish (1700). Authority: Boston Records.



326



HISTORY OF THE ANCIENT AND [i 700-1



Jonathan Pollard (1700), of Boston, son of William Pollard, innholder, of Boston,
and brother of William Pollard (1679), was born in Boston, April 12, 1666, and married
Mary Winslow, Dec. 26, 1693. Their first-born was Benjamin (1726). Capt Jonathan
(1700) held town ofifice in 1696, 1700, and 1720; was elected constable in 1702, but
declined, and was chosen fireward, Feb. 7, 171 1-2.

In 1708, the selectmen ordered that from Pollard's Corner, in Brattle Street,
through Mr. Belknap's yard into Queen Street, should be called " HiUiers Lane."

July 3, 1721, according to the selectmen's minutes, Capt. Jonathan Pollard (1700)
petitioned for a license as an innholder in the house of the late William Sutton (1695),
deceased. Capt. Jonathan (1700) was ensign of the Artillery Company in 1714, and
its lieutenant in 1716 and 1729.

July II, 1726, Mary Pollard, doubtless the widow of Jonathan (1700), was granted
a license to sell strong drink as an innholder on Brattle Street. Capt. Jonathan (1700)
was probably a shopkeeper, also, as March 20, 1727, the selectmen "let to Thomas
Clark [1733] tailor, the shop of the town on the south side of the Town Dock formerly
occupied by Capt Jonathan Pollard [1700]."

His will of Aug. 9, 1725, mentions his house in Brattle Street.

Wiggiesworth Sweetser (1700), tailor, of Boston, son of Benjamin and Abigail
(Wigglesworth) Sweetser, was born May 28, 1677, at Charlestown. According to the
Boston town records, Wigleworth Switser and Ussillah Coles .were married by Mr. James
Allen, Feb. 2, 1699. He was chosen to town ofifice, March 14, 17 14-5, and served as
tithing-man in 1705 and constable in 17 16. He was chosen clerk of the market in
1726, but "refused to serve." Mr. Whitman (1810) says his tailor shop was on King
Street, and administration on his estate was granted in 1745. He was second sergeant
of the Artillery Company in 1717.

Penn Townsend, Jr. (1700), of Boston, son of Col. Penn Townsend (1674), of
Boston, was born July 31, 1674, and graduated at Harvard College in 1693. He was a
captain of a military company in Boston ; afterward became colonel, and held office in
the town in 1703. He was a young man of excellent ability, whose circumstances and
prospects were of the best, but was cut down so young that his own plans of life and his
family's hopes were suddenly crushed. According to the Leverett Genealogy, " He went
to England, and was accidentally drowned in the Thames in 1 706." '

Edward Winslow (1700), goldsmith, of Boston, a son of Edward Winslow, of
Boston (who was born at Plymouth about 1634), and grandson of John Winslow, of
Plymouth (who came over in the "Fortune" in 1623), was born Nov. i, 1669. Edward,

Jonathan Pollard (1700). Authority: Bos- Col. Edward Winslow (1700) and Hannah

ton Records. had a daughter, Elizabeth Pemlierton, who was

" [1725] 7''' ''ay> J"ly 31- • • • This morning married to Richard Clarke, and their daughter

Jonathan ['"Hard, Capt of the South-Company dyes, married John Singleton Copley, the distinguished

yKts 60."— St'iuill /'<!pt'!-s, J'o/. III., p. 363. artist.

Wigglesworth Sweetser (1700). Author- '"[1706] May 2. Mr. Penn Townsend jun.

ITY: lioston Records. dies about 10 M. May 3 is buried: Hearers Mr

Penn Townsend, Jr. (1700). Authorities: Nathaniel Williams, Major .\dam Winthrop, Capt

Savage's ('.en. Diet.; I'.uston Records. Oliver Noyes, Capt Jno. Ballentine jun. Mr. Ilabi-

Edward Winslow (1700). Authorities: jah Savage, Mr. Elisha Cooke; all scholars." —

Boston Records; New Eng. Hist, and Gen. Reg., Stivall Papers, Vol. II,, p. 161.
186-,; Hill's Hist, nf Old South Church.



■700-I] HONORABLE ARTILLERY COMPANY. 327

Sr., married (i) Sarah Hilton and (2) Elizabeth), second daughter of Edward Hutchin-
son (1638). Edward (1700) was the eldest child by this second marriage. John
Winslovv (16 2), son of John Winslow, of Boston, and grandson of John, of Plymouth,
was a cousin of Col. FMward (1700). Edward (1700) married Hannah, daughter of
Rev. Joshua Moody. He served as constable of Boston in 1699; fireward for several
years; tithing-man in 1703; surveyor in 1705 ; overseer of the poor in 171 1 and 1712,
and selectm.an in 1714, declining a re-election in 1715. He was a captain of militia;
major of the Boston regiment in April, 1729, and, May 30, 1733, became its colonel,
with Jacob Wendell (1733) as lieutenant-colonel and Samuel Sewall (1718) as major.
He was also second sergeant of the Artillery Company in 1702, lieutenant in 1711, and
its captain in 17 14 and 1729. On the 5th of March, 1692, Edward Winslow and his
wife, Hannah, united with the Old South Church. He became sheriff of Suffolk County,
Dec. 12, 1728, and served until Oct. 20, 1743, when he was appointed judge of the
inferior Court of Common Pleas, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of William
Dudley, Aug. 10, 1743, which position he retained until his decease in December, 1753,
at the age of eighty-five years.

Peter Wyer (1700), of Boston, son of Peter and Elizabeth Weare, of Boston, was
born Nov. 28, 1682. In the Boston records his name is variously spelled, viz., Weare,
Wear, Wyer, Ware, Wier, Wire, Wirer, etc.

Peter Weare (1700) held a town office in 1695 and 1696 ; was chosen constable in
1706, but he declined to accept the office, and served as fence-viewer in 1699, 1700-4,
1 7 10-3, and 1 7 18.

May 12, 1702, Peter Wire (Weare) (1700) was chosen constable, but, pleading his
being sworn to the office of fence-viewer, he was excused by the town, and Mr. Edward
Oakes (1700) was chosen in his place.

In 1 7 13, Daniel Oliver reported to the selectmen of Boston that he had sold the old
house then standing on John Matthews's land to Peter Wear (1700) for three pounds, to
be paid in work.

He died Dec. 24, 1722.

In the book of records of the Artillery Company is given the following revision of
the By-Laws of 1657, viz. : —

" Orders made and agreed upon by the Artillery Company in Boston, Septem-
ber 2d, 1700.

"Voted, neinine contradicente.

"Whereas the Ancient and Honorable Company of the Artillery of the Massachu-
setts have had several powers and privileges for their encouragement granted by several
General Courts, under which they continued long a nursery for training up soldiers in
Military discipline capable for, and that have been improved in service for the King and
Country, which company of later years has been under some decays, which, if not timely
remedied, may be of ill consequence : We, therefore, the successors of the ancient

Peler Wyer (1700). AuTHORrrv: Boston friend and Carpenter, Peter Weare, but found him

Records. gone to h. He expired about one a-clock in the

"Aug 7. 1707 Peter Weare set up the Slone Morning. He was quiet, minded his own business,

Post to shew a Mile from the Town-House ends." eat his own Bread, was (7H//ry«« ;«o;;/«i,/)7i<v7_/((/c,

— Sewall Papers, Vol. II., p. 193. about 73 years old." — Sen/all Papers, Vol. Ill,,

" [1722] Tuesday, Dec. 25. . . . Visited my old /. 316.



328 HISTORY OF THE ANCIENT AND [1700-1

members and first beginners of said Company, have revised our former grants and
orders, and considered what thereof are not at present so proper for us, and vvliat may
be further done for encouragement of said Company, have drawn from the whole what
we are of opinion may suit our present circumstances and humbly offer the same for
further confirmation and allowance.

"Imprimis. That the successors of Robert Keayne, Merchant, Nathaniel Duncan,
Merchant, Robert Sedgwick, Gentleman, and William Spencer, Merchant, and such as
are by them admitted into the Artillery Company, are declared and allowed to be the
present members of said Company, and such as from time to time they shall admit, shall
enjoy the privileges and grants that have been, or that may be given and allowed to
them, and as they have been, so shall continue to be called The Military Company of
the Massachusetts.

" 2ly. That the greater number of them upon the usual day of Election of Officers
shall have liberty to choose their Captain, Lieutenant and Ensign, and other Officers ;
the three chief officers to be allowed by the Governor, or in his absence the Lieutenant
Governor for the time being.

" 3ly. That the said Company, or major part of them, have liberty and power to
make orders for the better managing their Military affairs, which shall be of force when
allowed by the Governor, &c.

" 4ly. That they may appoint an officer to levy any fines they shall impose upon one
of their own Company for breach of any such orders, so the same exceed not Twenty



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