Oliver Ayer Roberts.

History of the Military company of the Massachusetts, now called the Ancient and honorable artillery company of Massachusetts. 1637-1888 (Volume 1) online

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shillings for one offence.

" 5ly. That said Company shall have liberty to assemble themselves for their Military
exercise in any neighboring town at their discretion.

" 61y. It is further ordered by the Company, if any be chosen to any office in the
Company, and have not before borne a like or higher office in this Company, and shall
refuse to hold the office he is chosen unto, he so far slighting the Company, shall pay
what arrears he is behind to the Company, and have his name put out of the Company
Roll, and no longer be acknowledged a member of the Company.

" 7ly. It is further ordered, that if any shall neglect to appear in their arms four
training days together and not give an account of it to the satisfaction of the Company,
he shall pay to the Company what is due for fines, and have his name put out of the
Roll, and no more be accounted a member of the Company.

" Sly. That the Clerk shall every training day bring the Book of the Company's
orders into the field, that it may be there, not only to call over the Company, but to
enter any that are admitted, and to enter any Orders that shall be made.

" gly. That the Clerk without any further order shall have full power to distrain
for any fines due to the Company that shall be unpaid one month after they are due.

" loly. It is further ordered, that the Clerk's accounts yearly, shall after the day
of Election, and before the next training day in September, be audited by those that
were the Commission officers the year before, with the Captain and Clerk new chosen ;
that the accounts may be delivered into the new Clerk's hands.

" Illy. That a perfect List shall be taken of the Members of the Company, and
being perfected, shall be called over every training day.

" i2ly. That hereafter the training days shall be annually, the Election day being
the first Monday in June, the first Monday in September, the afternoon of the first
Monday in October, the afternoon of the first Monday in April, and the whole day on
the first Monday in May.


" i3ly. That the Drummers beat in season each training day, and be at the place
of parade the whole days at eight of the clock in the morning, and on the half days at
one, on the penalty of two shillings sixpence fine, to be paid to the Clerk for the use
of the Company, and the Sergeants to appear at the place of parade, before nine of the
clock on the whole days, and by two on the half days, on the penalty of one shilling to
be paid as aforesaid ; and every soldier that appears not at the place of parade, ready
to be drawn up by nine in the morning on the whole days, and by two on the half days,
shall pay sixpence, unless his excuse be allowed by the Company.

" i4ly. That every Soldier belonging to the Company, not under obligation to any
of the Companies of Militia in Boston, shall for every day he omits, or neglects, to
appear in arms in said Company, pay one shilling fine, and the officers of the other
Companies in Boston, that do, or may belong to this Company, shall be liable to the
like fine.

" i5ly. It is further agreed, not only by former grants, but with the consent of
the several Commanders of the Militia of Boston, that out of the several Companies
of the town of Boston, there may be listed forty Soldiers, and no more, belonging to
said Companies, which shall be excused from any fine or penalty on common trainings ;
always provided they appear on each of the Artillery training days, or for default to pay
six shillings fine for the use of the Company.

" i61y. That every one that is admitted into the Company, at his listing, shall not
pay less than one shilling entrance money to the Clerk, towards bearing the charge of
the Company.

" 1 7ly. That if any of the forty persons that shall be accepted by the Company,
and are excused from common trainings, be chosen into any place that excuses them
from training in the other Military Companies, they shall then, if they continue in the
Artillery Company, be no longer under the penalty of six shillings for non-appearance,
but liable to the fine of one shilling, as others under the like circumstances, and that
others may be admitted in their room to make up the number of forty, as aforesaid.

" I Sly. That upon reasonable request of any member of the Company, they may
have their dismission granted.

"igly. That such as now, or hereafter, shall be accounted members of the said
Company, shall subscribe to these Articles, the further to oblige themselves to the
Clerk's power, ex officio, of distraining for fines, that any shall neglect or refuse to pay."

Following the above, in the records of the Artillery Company, are lists of those
Artillery soldiers that were under the fine of twelve pence for non-appearance, and of
the militia soldiers who were under fine of sixpence for non-appearance, all of whom
had subscribed to the above articles. These lists were made out from 1705 to — probably
— 1773, and will be given under their respective dates.

The record of the Artillery Company for the year 1700 is as follows : —
"April 1"' 1700. The Artillery Company met and chose the Rev'd Mr Benjamin
Wadsworth to preach the next Election sermon and desired Lt. Col. Penn Townsend
[1674], Maj. John Walley [1671], Capt. Nathaniel Byfield [1679], and Mr. Thomas
Hutchinson [1694] to acquaint him with it and to desire it of him. Accepted by him.

" June 3'' 1 700. Being the anniversary Election day, the Rev'd Mr. Benjamin
Wadsworth preached from Isaiah iii. 2''."



Rev. Benjamin Wadsworth, of Boston, was the preacher of the election sermon to
the Artillery Company in i 700. He was a son of Capt. Samuel and Abigail Wadsworth,
of Milton; was born in 1669. His father, Samuel, was killed by the Indians in April,
1676, when leading his company to the relief of Sudbury.' Timothy Wadsworth (1691),
of Boston, was a brother of Rev. Benjamin Wadsworth. The latter graduated at Harvard
College in 1690, and devoted three years to the study of theology. He was invited,
in November, 1693, to become assistant teacher in the First Church in Boston. He
accepted, and continued in this office until Sept. 8, 1696, when he became pastor of
the church.

After the death of President Leverett (1704), in 1724, there was difficulty in
obtaining a suitable successor; and in June, 1725, Mr. Wadsworth was invited to the
vacant chair. He finally concluded to accept, but continued to preach " in his turn "
to his former parish, even after his removal to Cambridge. He was inaugurated
president of Harvard College, July 7, 1725. Not long after he entered upon his duties
his health became impaired, and during the rest of his life was an invalid. He died
March 12, 1737, in the sixty-eighth year of his age and twelfth of his presidency. He
delivered a sermon on the death of President Leverett (1704), which was printed.

The officers elected were: Samuel Sewall (1679), captain; Thomas

1701-2 Hutchinson (1694), lieutenant ; Thomas Savage ( 1693), ensign. Thomas

• Fitch (1700) was first sergeant; Oliver Noyes (1699), second sergeant;

Habijah Savage (1699), third sergeant; Charles Chauncy (1699), fourth sergeant;

Robert Gibbs (1692), clerk, and Samuel Marion (1691), drummer.

The following extracts concerning the trainings during the year 1 701-2 are from
the diary of the commander. Judge Sewall (1679) • —

"Monday, June 2, 1701. Mr. Pemberton preaches the Artillery Sermon, from
Luke 3-14. Dine at Monk's. Because of the Rain and Mist, this day, the election is
made upon the Town-house, Sewall, Capt. ; Tho. Hutchinson Lieut. ; Tho Savage Jun.
Ensign ; Tho. Fitch, i Sergt ; Oliver Noyes, 2 ; Hab. Savage, 3 ; Charles Chauncey 4.
Call'd down the Council out of the Chamber, set their chairs below; Col. Pynchon gave
the Staves and Ensign. I said was surpris'd to see they had mistaken a sorry pruning
Hook for a Military Spear; but paid such a deference to the Company that would
rather run the venture of exposing my own inability, than give any occasion to suspect
I slighted their call. To Sergt Fitch, Doubted not but if I could give any thing tolerable
words of command, he would mend them in a vigorous and speedy performance ; was
glad of so good a Hand to me and the Company (Mr. Noyes abroad in the Gaily). To
Hab. S. The savages are souldiers ex Traduce ,■ in imitation of his honr'd father. Uncle,
and Grandfather, hop'd for worthy performances from him. To Ch Chauncy, Had such
a honor for your Grandfather and father, that was glad was join'd with me in this
Relation. Drew out before Mr. Ushers, gave 3 Volleys. Drew into the Town-house

Rev. Benjamin Wadsworth. Autuouities: ' The spot on which he fell is niarked by a

Funer.il sermons by Sewall, Appleton, and Wiggles- memorial which his son, Rev. lienjamin, in after life
worth, on Mr. Wadsworth's death; Pierce's ami caused to be erected.
(^)iiincy's Ilists. of Ilarv. Coll.; Sprague's Annals of
American Pulpit; Emerson's Hist, of First Church;
Teele's Hist, of Milton.


again ; sent Sergt Chauncy for Mr. Pemberton, who said he was glad to see the staff in
my hand ; pray'd with us. Had the company to my house, treated them with bread,
Beer, wine SilHbub. — They order'd Capt Checkly and me to Thank Mr. Pemberton for
his Sermon, which we did on Tuesday, desiring a copy. . . .

"Monday Oct. 6, 1701. Very pleasant fair Wether; Artillery trains in the After-
noon. March with the Company to the Elms ; Go to prayer, March down and Shoot at
a Mark. Mr. Gushing, I think was the first that hit it, Mr. Gerrish twice, Mr. Fitch,
Chauncy, and the Ensign of the Officers. By far most missed, as I did for the first.
Were much contented with the exercise. Led them to the Trees agen, perform'd some
facings and Doublings. Drew them together ; propotmded questions about the Colours ;
twas voted very freely and fully. I inform'd the Company I was told the Company's
Halberds &c were borrowed ; I understood the Leading staff was so, and therefore ask'd
their Acceptance of a Half-Pike, which they very kindly did ; I deliver'd it to Mr. Gibbs
for their use.

" They would needs give me a volley, in token of their Respect on this occasion.
The Pike will, I supose, stand me in fourty shillings, being headed and shod with Silver :
Has this Motto fairly engraven : 'Agmcn Massachiisettense est in tutelam Sponsae Agni
Uxoris, 1701.' ^

" The Lord help us to answer the Profession. Were treated by the Ensign in a
fair chamber. Gave a very handsome Volley at Lodging the Colours. The Training
in Sept was a very fair day, so was this. . . .

" May 4, 1702. Artillery Company Trains. In the Afternoon went into the Comon ;
Major Hobby, Will. Dumer, Ned Hutchinson, Oliver Williams and another. Listed. Major
Hobby was introduced by Col Hutchinson, He and I vouch'd for him. Mr. Elisha
Cooke Jun mov'd to be dismiss'd, which when he had paid his Arrears, was granted by
Vote with a Hiss. Went to Pollards to avoid the Rain. March'd out and shot at a
Mark. Before they began I told the Comp»";' that I had call'd them to shoot in October,
and had not my self hit the Butt ; I was willing to bring myself under a small Fine,
such as a single Justice might set ; and it should be to him who made the best Shott.
Mr. Gerrish and Ensign John Noyes were the competitors. At Pollards, by a Brass
Rule, Ens. Noyes's Shot was found to be two inches and a half nearer the centre than
Mr. John Gerrishes ; His was on the right side of the Neck; Ensign Noyes's on the'
Bowels a little on the Left and but very litde more than G. on the Right of the middle
Line. When I had heard what could be heard on both sides, I Judg'd for Ensign
Noyes, and gave him a Silver cup I had provided engraven — May 4. 1702. Euphmiem
Siccarc potes. Telling him, it was in Token of the value I had for that virtue in others,
which I myself could not attain to. March'd into Comon and concluded with Pray'r.
Pray'd in the morn on the Townhouse, Praying for the Churches by Name. After
Diner, We Sung four staves of the 68* PS. viz, first Part and the 9 and lo"- verses of
the 2'' with regard to the plentifuU Rain on the i and 2 May and now, after great
Drought ; Mr. Dering mov'd we might sing. Some objected against our singing so
much ; I answer'd, Twas but Four Deep. Were treated at Major Savages."

According to the Boston town records, William Pollard, father of Jonathan (1700),
was licensed to keep a house of entertainment in Boston. After his decease, his
widow, Ann Pollard, was thus licensed. From her deposition, given Dec. 11, 1711, we

' Though the half-piUe, with its staff, above ferrule is still in the archives of the Ancient and
mentioned, has disappeared, yet the original silver Honorable Artillery Company.



learn that William Pollard occupied and improved a certain parcel of land at the bottom
of the Common, on the westerly side, with the sea southwest; that the owner (Pepys)
built a house thereon which William Pollard occupied for fourteen years, and that
William Blackstone used frequently to resort thereto.' It was to this house, probably,
that the Company went to avoid the rain. Major Savage's place where they were
treated was probably his distillery.

The first book printed in this country on military discipline was written by Nicholas
Boone, of Boston. He was a celebrated bookseller, and sold his wares at " the sign of
the Bible, in Cornhill, over against the Old Meeting House." He was also the first
publisher of the Boston Naas- Letter, the first newspaper printed in the colonies. It is
not generally known that Mr. Boone ever appeared before the public as an author. The
title of the book is : " Military Discipline ; the Complete Souldier, and Expert Artillery-
man, &c. &c. To which is added the Military Laws of the Province of Massachusetts
Bay. i6mo. Boston : Printed for and sold by Nicholas Boone, over against the Old
Church. 1 701."

Samuel Clough (1694) published, this year, the first number of his "New England
Almanack." It was printed by B. Green and J. Allen (1694), and was sold by Samuel
Phillips (1693) "at the Brick Shop." A new departure was made by the author, in
noting upon the calendar pages, " Brief observations of the most noted things happen-
ing in Boston since its first settlement."

The members recruited in 1701 were: Francis Clarke, John Cookson, George
Driver, Thomas Foster, Thomas Godfrey, Christopher Myngs, Nathaniel Oliver, Jr.,
Antipas Torrey.

Francis Clarke (i7oi),of Boston, was elected a constable of Boston in 1702, but
dechned. He served the town as overseer of the poor in 1706 and 1707, and as select-
man in 1 7 12 and 17 13. He was first sergeant of the Artillery Company in 1704.

The command of Brig. -Gen. Hill, destined for the capture of Canada in 1711,
tarried on its way from England, and went into camp on Noddles Island. There was a
scarcity of provisions. The general and Admiral Walker applied to Capt. Belcher, the
father of Gov. Belcher, to aid them in procuring the necessary rations. He declined.
Application was then made to Andrew Faneuil, who undertook the task, but was
obstructed by the merchants; whereupon the Governor issued an "order for searching
for provisions," and William Clarke (1703) and Francis Clarke (1702) were selected as
" searchers." Four weeks after, July 30, the expedition left Boston only to meet a
terrific storm, which wrecked nine of its ships, and occasioned the loss of nine hun-
dred men.

John Cookson (1701), gunsmith, of Boston, was elected constable in 1705, but
declined, and served as tithing-man in 1706, 1715, and 1718. June 20, i7ii,the select-
men signed a lease to Messrs. Richard Proctor (1699) and John Cookson (1701), "of
the liberty and benefit of sweeping Chimnyes for 7 year from June 1'' Cur't." In
1 7 14, the above-named contractors were authorized to prosecute those who swept chim-
neys contrary to town by-laws. On the 24th of January, 17 15-6, the business seems to

Francis Clarke ( 1 701). Authorities: Bos- John Cookson (1701). Authority: Boston

ton Records; Province Laws, Vol. VH. Records.

' Suffolk Deeds, Liber 26, folio 84.



have been divided, and the partnership dissolved. On that day, the selectmen approved
of Mr. Cookson's (1701) negro man, named Tobie, to be employed by him for sweeping
chimneys. Also, "Messrs Richard Proctor [1699] & John Cookson [1701] being
present together with the Selectmen have agreed that the s'd Mr. Cooksons [1701] care
for the sweeping of chimnies be limited to the bounds of the four North Military Com-
panies as they are now bounded." The same liberty " to sweep chimnies by his negro
man Tobey " was again granted John Cookson (1701) on the 31st of October, 1720.
He continued in this business, certainly until Sept. 12, 1733, when he made complaint
to the selectmen of a chimney in an old house "behind the Three Crowns in Fish
Street." On the 29th of June, 1724, liberty was granted him to build a tomb in the
"North Burying Place," /. e., Copp's Hill Burial-Ground.

He was clerk of the Artillery Company from 1722 to 1726.

George Driver (1701).

Thomas Foster (1701), brazier, of Boston, was the father of Thomas Foster
(1722). He was constable of Boston in 1704. According to the sexton's bill, Thomas
Foster (1701) was buried May 18, 1706.

Thomas Godfrey (1701) was a constable in Boston in 1704-5, clerk of the market
in i7ii,and a tithing-man in 1712. Dec. 12, i 716, he and Thomas PhilliiDs {171 1) were
sureties for Thomas Jackler, a newly admitted inhabitant of Boston.

Christopher Myngs (1701) was of Boston. According to the Boston records, a
son, Christopher, was born to Christopher and Joyce Mynges, Feb. 11, 1699.
Christopher (1701) was clerk of the Artillery Company in 1702.

Nathaniel Oliver, Jr. (1701), of Boston and Chelsea, son of Nathaniel and
Elizabeth (Brattle) Oliver, and grandson of Peter Oliver (1643), was baptized Sept. 28,
1684. His mother was a daughter of Capt. Thomas Brattle (1675). His brother
Brattle, joined the Artillery Company in i 709.

He married, Nov. 30, 1 709, Martha Hobbs, who, it would appear, was in some way
connected with the family of Capt. Robert Keayne (1637). She inherited from Col.
Paige and his wife, Anne Keayne, the Keayne estate at Rumney Marsh. She
was executrix of that will, with Joseph Dudley (1677) and Col. Nathaniel Thomas as
"overseers." In the will, the executrix is solemnly counselled "that she Match into a
good Family and with one that feareth God, that so neither she and so fair an Estate be
not thrown away in her match."

He lived on Milk Street, in Boston, near the junction of the present Kilby Street
and in his later days had also a home in Chelsea, on the Keayne farm. He graduated
at Harvard College in 1701. He was associated in business with his brother, Peter
Oliver. After his removal to Chelsea, about 1719, he was engaged in preparing young
men for Harvard College. He was for many years a justice of the peace, and was the
first town clerk of Chelsea, when that town was set off from Boston, in 1738.

Nathaniel Oliver, Jr. (1701.) Authoki- Records; Descendants uf Capt. Tliumas Brattle, by
Tifcs: New Eng. Hist, and Gen. Reg., 1865; Boston Edward D. Harris.



Nathaniel Oliver (1701) was a captain in the militia of Boston, fourth sergeant of
the Artillery Company in 1703, and its lieutenant in 17 17. He died at Chelsea, Jan.
1, 1769.

Antipas Torrey (1701).

The record of the Artillery Company for 1701 is as follows : —

"April 7"" 1 701. The Artillery Company met and chose the Rev'd Mr. Ebenezer
Peraberton to preach the next Election Sermon, and desired the Commissioned officers
to request him to preach. Accepted by him.

"June 2'^ 1701. Being the anniversary Election day, the Rev'd Mr Ebenezer
Pemberton preached from Luke iii. 14.

"October 6 1701. Voted by the Artillery Company, that every Person belonging
to this Company shall pay two shillings for the paying for Colours, the residue of the
money to be for the use of the Company.

" Captain Samuel Sewall presented this Company, this day, with a Half Pike, with
a Silver head and ferril at the butt end, with this Inscription on the ferrel, viz' : Agrnen
Massachusctcnsae est in tiitelam Sponsae Agni Uxoris, 1701."

Rev. Ebenezer Pemberton, the preacher before the Company in 1701, son of James
Pemberton, of Newbury, was born Feb. 3, 1672, graduated at Harvard College in 1691,
and was ordained as colleague by the Old South, in Boston, Aug. 28, 1700. Here he
continued to labor, at first as colleague with Rev. Samuel Willard, who delivered the
Artillery sermon in 1676, during the remainder of his life. He preached his last sermon
Jan. 20, 1717. Mr. Pemberton died Feb. 23, 1717, aged forty-five years.

June 12, 1701, Mr. Pemberton married Mrs. Mary Clark, who afterward was married
to Henry Lloyd (1703), of Lloyd's Neck, R. L He delivered a sermon on the death
of Hon. John Walley (1671), which was printed. Dr. Sewall said in his sermon,
occasioned by the death of Mr. Pemberton, he " is justly celebrated as a great scholar,
an excellent divine, and a good Christian."

His brother, Benjamin, joined the Artillery Company in 1707.

The officers elected were: Charles Hobby (1702), captain;
T '702" 2 . i^echariah Tuttle (1697), lieutenant; Adam Winthrop (1694), ensign.
• *-^ William Keen (1692) was first sergeant; Edward Winslow (1700),

second sergeant; John Gerrish (1700), third sergeant; Edward Hutchinson (1702),
fourth sergeant; Christopher Myngs (1701), clerk, and Samuel Marion (1691), drummer.
Richard, Earl of Bellomont, who as Governor of the colony arrived in Boston May
26, 1699, went to New York in May, 1700, and died the 5th of March following.
Lieut.-Gov. William Stoughton, son of Lieut.-Col. Israel Stoughton (1637), of Dor-
chester, became acting Governor in May, 1700, and held that office until his decease,
July 7, 1 70 1. For nearly a year, the duties of Governor devolved upon the council.
June II, 1702, Joseph Dudley (1677) arrived in Boston on the frigate "Centurion,"

Rev. Ebenezer Pemberton. AurHORrriKs: Sprague's Annals of .American Tulpit; Hill's Hist.
Sewall's and Colman's sermons dh his decease; of Old South Church.



bearing a commission as Governor, dated April i, 1702. He held that office until
Feb. 4, 1 7 14-5, when the council again assumed control, the Governor not having been
reappointed by the new King. He had not forgotten the revolution of 1689, when the
Andros government fell, nor that dreary imprisonment consequent upon his adhesion
to the fortunes of the fallen Governor. He first rejected as members of his council
those who were prominent in the revolution and opposed to Andres's government.
Among these that were rejected were leading members of the Artillery Company.

In 1702, Queen Anne declared war against France, and very soon hostilities began
between the people of New England and the Indians and French in Canada. The
fortifications were examined and repaired, and the town prepared for defence. " Thirty
hundred weight of bullets, and five thousand flints were ordered to be forthwith provided
for a town stock; and Mr. Gyles Dyer [1680], Mr. Richard Draper, and Mr. Robert
Gibbs [1692] were deputed to provide them."

The members recruited in 1702 were: Adino Bulfinch, Timothy Clarke, William
Dummer, Seth Dwight, Calvin Galpine, John George, Charles Hobby, Edward Hutchin-
son, William Keen, Edward Lyde, Edward Martyn, John Mico, Thomas Newton, John
Nichols, Thomas Palmer, Lovet Sanders, Benjamin Simpson, Thomas Smith, John
Soames, Isaac Spencer, Simeon Stoddard, Jr., Oliver Williams.

Adino Bulfinch (1702), sail-maker, of Boston, came from England in 1680. He
became a merchant, and, at his decease, left a valuable estate. He was surveyor of
highways of Boston in 1700, 1708, 1709, and 171 1. In 1708, the selectmen ordered that
" the way leading from Brook's corner in Marshall's Lane passing by Mr. Bulfinchs to
Scottow Alley, should be called Creek Lane," since called Creek Square.

Capt. Bulfinch (1702) was identified with the militia of Boston, and became a
captain. He was second sergeant of the Artillery Company in 1705, and its ensign
in 1715.

He was the ancestor of Thomas Bulfinch, of Boston, 1722, — a very eminent physi-
cian, — and of Charles, of Boston, 1786, the architect of the State House, City Hall,
and General Hospital, who also greatly enlarged Faneuil Hall, and, on application by

Online LibraryOliver Ayer RobertsHistory of the Military company of the Massachusetts, now called the Ancient and honorable artillery company of Massachusetts. 1637-1888 (Volume 1) → online text (page 49 of 73)