Oliver Ayer Roberts.

History of the Military company of the Massachusetts, now called the Ancient and honorable artillery company of Massachusetts. 1637-1888 (Volume 1) online

. (page 51 of 73)
Online LibraryOliver Ayer RobertsHistory of the Military company of the Massachusetts, now called the Ancient and honorable artillery company of Massachusetts. 1637-1888 (Volume 1) → online text (page 51 of 73)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


in considering the plan of erecting a battery on Long Wharf and repairing the North
Battery.

On the twenty-ninth day of April, 17 19, the town voted, "The Thanks of this
Town unto the doners of the Two North School Houses, vizt : The Hon'''" Thomas
Hutchinson Esq [1694] for the Cramer School-house. And ye S'* mr Thoms Hutch-
inson [1694] and also Edward Hutchinson [1702] Esqrs for ye Writing Sch. House."

In 1728, April i, Edward Hutchinson (1702) was one of a committee of two,
appointed by the town, " To Take Care of the Great Artillery and all the Stores at the
South Battery and secure them."

He was a captain in the Boston militia, afterward major, becoming lieutenant-
colonel in 1 7 1 7, and colonel in 1729. He resigned active duty in 1733, at the age of
fifty-five years. He was appointed fourth sergeant of the Artillery Company in 1 702 ;
was elected ensign in 171 1, lieutenant in 17 13, and its captain in 1717, 1724, and 1730.
He continued his active interest in the Company until his decease.

He was a warm friend of the public schools, and was often invited to visit them.
His last service to the town recorded in the town books was his visiting, with clergy and
others, the schools of Boston, on the twenty-second day of June, 1751.

He died March 16, 1752, and his will was proved April 24, 1752. He left three
children, viz. : Edward, who graduated at Harvard College in 1748, lived a great invalid
for many years, and died unmarried ; Sarah, who lived to old age unmarried, and
Elizabeth, who married in 1751 the Rev. Nathaniel Robbins (preacher of the Artillery
sermon in 1772), who were the parents of Edward Hutchinson Robbins. The latter
graduated at Harvard College in 1775, was speaker of the House of Representatives,
judge of probate for the county of Norfolk, and also lieutenant-governor.

William Keen (1702), a "Taylor," of Boston, joined the Artillery Company in 1692.
He had a wife, Jane, and children were born to them in Boston. He held a minor town
office from 1694 to 1707, except four years. He was one of the early members of
Brattle Street Church (1699), and was first sergeant of the Artillery Company in 1702.

Feb. 23, 1701-2, the selectmen "granted unto Mr. William Keen to build over the

town's property in the alley between his land and Mr. Thomas Fitch [1700], his house,

said building not to be less than nine foot high from the ground and under said building

the passage to be kept open and free for common passage, said Keen to pave the same

William Keen (1702). Authoritv: Boston Records.



1702-3] HONORABLE ARTILLERY COMPANY. 343

with stone and to pay to the town treasurer sixpence per annum as acknowledgment."
In 1703, Mr. Keen (1702) built a new house on the site of the former house, and
encroached somewhat upon the alley, which called for an order by the selectmen. In
1 7 10, April 24, a fence which was placed in Pierce's Alley by Mr. Keen (1702) and
Barrat Dyer (1711) was caused by the selectmen to be removed. Pierce's Alley ran,
in 1732, from King Street into Corn Market ; now it is Change Avenue, from State Street
to Faneuil Hall Square.

Edward Lyde (1702), merchant, of Boston, son of Edward and Mary (Wheel-
wright) Lyde, married, Nov. 29, 1694, Susanna, daughter of Capt. George Curwen, of
Salem, and, for his second wife, married, Oct. 22, 1696, Deborah, daughter of Hon.
Nathaniel Byfield (1679). His third wife was Catherine Brinley. Edward Lyde, Sr.,
dying before 1663, his widow married, in October, 1667, Theodore Atkinson (1664).

Edward Lyde, Jr. (1702), first rented, and, in 1701-2, purchased of William Tailler
(1712) the house on the west corner of Elm and Hanover streets. In 1708, the select-
men ordered that " the the way Leading from mr Pemberton's Corner at ye end of Dock
Square to Justice Lyds Corner in Hanover Street" should be called "Wings Lane."
Previous to that time, it had been called Hudson's Lane, out of respect to William
Hudson (1640), but in 1799 ^^^ present name, Elm Street, was given to it.

Edward Lyde (1702) was elected an assessor of Boston in 1708, and an overseer of
the poor in 17 15. He was a prominent member of King's Chapel, and held the office of
warden in 1701, 1702, and 1703. He was appointed a judge of the inferior Court of Com-
mon Pleas for Suffolk County, Dec. 9, 1715, and served until March 20, 1722-3, when he
was superseded by Edward Hutchinson (1702). He was also appointed justice of the
peace, Dec. 9, 1715. He died May 11, 1724.

Edward Martyn (1702), merchant, of Boston, son of Michael and Susanna Martyn,
was born July 12, 1665. By wife, Sarah, he had several children born in Boston prior to
1700. In 1715, he married Sarah, the daughter of Rev. John Barnard, who delivered
the Artillery election sermon in 17 18. He was tithing-man for the second militia com-
pany in 1694, and held various offices, as assessor in 1707, 1708, 1712, and 1714 ; select-
man in 1710; overseer of the poor in 1712, 1715, and 1716 ; fireward in 1711 and 1712 ;
auditor in 171 1 and 1713 ; also served on important special committees.

March 12, 1710-1, the town chose Mr. Timothy Thornton (i 691), Capt. Thomas
Hutchinson (1694), and Capt. Edward Martyn (1702), to purchase land convenient for
the enlargement of the North burying-place. Aug. 13, 1717, the selectmen granted
liberty to Capt. Edward Martyn (1702) to make a tomb in the new range of tombs in the
North burying-place, and, in August following, the selectmen voted that Capt. John
Fairwether be appointed fireward in the place of Capt. Edward Martyn (1702),
deceased. In Copp's Hill and Burying-Ground, by Edward MacDonald, superintendent,

Edward Lyde (1702). Authorities: New " [1717-8] Febr 5. Capt Edward Martyn dyed

Eng. Hist, and Gen. Reg., 1857, 1863; Annals of this day about 11 A. M. . . . Febr 11. Went to the

King's Chapel, p. 17S; Boston Records. burying of Capt Martyn at the North in one of the

"May II, 1724. Judge Lyde died this morn- New Tomlis." — Senmll Papers, Vol. III., pp. 165,

ing, after a long time of Distraction." — Sf-iOall 168.

Papers, Vol. III., p. 337. • The Nnos-Letter says Capt. Martyn was in

Edward Martyn (1702). Authorities: Bos- his fifty-third year, and that his miUtary company

ton Records; Whitman's Hist. A. and IL A. Com- attended his funeral,
pany, Ed. 1842.



344



HISTORY OF THE ANCIENT AND ['702-3



we are told, "The first stone on the right of the Hull Street entrance is a stone bearing
a coat of arms, in memory of Edward Martyn."

He was ensign of the Artillery Company in 1710, lieutenant in 1712, and captain
in 1715. He resided on Hanover Street, near Richmond.

By a will, dated May i, 171 7, he gives the income of all his estate to his wife, to
bring up his children, making the special bequests of " ten pounds to the North Church
to buy a piece of plate," and " twenty pounds to be distributed to the poor of the
flock."

Mr. Whitman (1810) says, "His tomb. No. io,*Copp's Hill, is now called Martjn's
tomb," wherein his remains were deposited, Feb. 11, 171 7-8.

John Mico (1702), merchant, of Boston, came to Boston about 1686. On the
twentieth day of August, 1689, he married Mary, daughter of Capt. Thomas Brattle
(1675). He was elected constable of the town of Boston, March 9, 1690-1, and was
chosen to assist in valuing the estates of the town, Dec. 29, 1707. He served as tithing-
man in 1711, 1716, and 1717, and as an auditor of treasurer's accounts in 1713.

The salt-works were set up on the marshes, by the Neck, in 1695-6, and, in 1716,
the original proprietors admitted John Mico (1702), with other members of the Artillerj'
Company, as partners.

He died in October, 17 18 (was buried Oct. 16), and the inventory of his
estate, rendered the court in 1719, amounted to ^11,230 17^'. His widow (childless)
died Dec. 22, 1733.

Thomas Newton (1702), lawyer, of Boston, was born in England, June 10, 1660.
He came to Boston from New Hampshire in 1688, and was secretary of that province
until 1690. In the selectmen's records his name occurs, but in connection with his
business as attorney for the town. Oct. 22, 1692, he was appointed a justice for the trial
of cases within the county of York. By the town records it appears he was elected a
constable March 13, 1703-4, but was excused from serving, and in 1708 was chosen one
of the committee of thirty-one to draw up a charter of incorporation for the town.
Dec. 24, 1 71 5, he was appointed a justice of the peace for the county of Suffolk, and
July 19, 1720, was appointed attorney -general of the Colony of Massachusetts Bay, a
position which he held until his decease.

He was prosecuting attorney in the celebrated witch trials in 1692. Mr. Savage
remarks, " His opinion must have led to the cure of the infernal delusion, for in Jan-
uary, 1693, he wrote to Sir William Phips, the Governor, that of the fifty-two charged
at Salem [by] that court, the three convicts should have been acquitted like the rest."

The first number of the first newspaper published in North America, the Nfws-
Le/tcr, Boston, April 24, 1704, informed its readers that "Thomas Newton, Esq. [1702],
is commissioned judge-deputy for the colony of Massachusetts."

He lived in Queen Street, now Court, was an Episcopalian, and signed the remon-
strance to the Queen against Dudley's (1677) arbitrary conduct as Governor. He died
May 28, 1721.

John Mico (1702). Authokities: Descend- Chapel, pp. 117, 1S2; Washburn's Judicial Hist, of

ants of Thomas lirattle; Boston Records. Mass.

" [1718] Oct 16. . . . Go to the funeral of Mr. . " Mr. Newton [1702], a new comer, was sworn,

John Mico." — Seinn// Papers, Vol. JIL, p. 199. June 7. 16S8. as an Attorney," by Judge Sewall. —

Thomas Newton (1702). Authorities: Bos- Se~wall's Diary.
ton Records; Eliot's Biog. Diet.; Annals of King's



«702-3] HONORABLE ARTILLERY COMPANY. 345

The Ncws-Lettcr oi June 5, 1721, in announcing his decease says, "His Majesty's
Attorney General for Massachusetts Bay, Deputy Judge and Judge of the Admiralty ;
Comptroller of the Customs and for many years one of the chief lawyers of Boston.
He was born in England, June loth, 1660, being Whitsunday and died at Portsmouth,
N. H., May 28, 1721 (Whitsunday), aged 60. He was educated in England, and
beloved, both there and here ; one who carried himself just and well in every station,
being affable, courteous and circumspect — of strict devotion towards God — exemplary
for family government as well as humanity to all. A lover of all good men and therefore
the more lamented at his death. His funeral was attended by the Governor, his
Majesty's Council, with other principal gentlemen."

A tablet was placed on the walls of King's Chapel, in 1S53, in memory of Thomas
Newton, Esq. (1702). It contains the following : —

"Sacred to the memory of | Thomas Newton Esquire, | One of the | Original
Founders of this Church, | A member of its first Vestry | In 1699. | And a warden | in
1704 I And afterwards: | Who died on the i8th June 172 1 | Aged 61 years. | — He
was many years one of the | Principal Lawyers in the Province, | And filled various
places I Of honour and trust here ; | And at the time of his death | Was Attorney-
General, I Comptroller of the Customs, | And had been | A Judge of the Admiralty
Court. I He was a Gentleman of exalted virtues, | And greatly beloved, | And respected, |
Both in this Country | And in England, | Where he was born and educated."

John Nichols (1702), merchant, of Boston, was a tithing-man in 1693, when
he was a member of Major Hutchinson's (1670) military company, and in 1705 and
1709. In 1695, he erected a dwelling-house in Boston, and on the 30th of September
of that year was summoned before the selectmen for obstructing the streets. Oct. 31,
1709, the selectmen appointed him wharfinger of the town's wharf at the lower end of
Cross Street, now from Commercial Street to Endicott Street, " to collect and receive
wharfage for all goods or lumber landed or lying ther as is customary at other wharfes,"
etc., "he to be allowed one third part thereof for his care and service." May 19, 1712,
the selectmen voted, that "in case Mr. John Nichols (1702) do effect the paving before
his land in Middle Street [now Hanover Street], the selectmen will pay its part." In
1713, he was elected a viewer and sealer of cord-wood, and was re-elected in 1714, 1715,
and 1722. April 29, 1726, being continued in the same service, his assigned place
to view and seal wood was Wentworth's Wharf, the next north of Mill Creek. He
continued in this office at this place for some years, receiving twopence per cord for
his services.

Thomas Palmer (1702), merchant, of Boston, married, Jan. 29, 1696-7, Abigail
Hutchinson, — born March 7, 1677, — daughter of Eliakim Hutchinson, of Boston, and
died Oct. 8, 1740. He was elected a constable March 11, 1695, but declined, paying the
usual fine. He became a prominent citizen, and though for years there was a difference
between himself and the town of Boston in regard to certain property near Dock Square,
yet he was an esteemed and useful citizen. He was one of the committee selected " to

John Nichols (1702). Authority: Boston Thomas Palmer (1702). Authorities: Bos-

Records, ton Records; Drake's Hist, of Boston.



346 HISTORY OF THE ANCIENT AND [i7°2-3

visit the families of the town and to prevent disorders," in 1706-11, 1713, 1715, 1716,
and 1724. In 1707, the town placed the powder, kept to blow up buildings in case of
fire, in the care of Thomas Palmer (1702) and Thomas Fitch (1700). He was one
of the town auditing committee in 1704, 1714, 1718, 1720-1, 1723-4, and 1726, and
an overseer of the poor from 1704 to 1711 inclusive. In 1721, he was elected one of
the five trustees to receive, invest, and manage the fifty thousand pounds of bills of credit
issued by the province, which constituted the proportion of Boston. He held the same
office until 1725, and probably longer. He was a councillor from 1724 to 1726, and
from 1730 to 1733.

John Foster (1679), judge of the Court of Common Pleas, died Feb. 9, 1710-1.
The Governor nominated for the vacancy, March 23, 1710-1, Thomas Brattle (1675),
but he was rejected by the council. The Governor, April 2, 1711, nominated Samuel
Lynde (i69i),but he, too, was rejected; but June 11, 1711, Thomas Palmer (1702)
was nominated and confirmed as judge of the inferior Court of Common Pleas. He
held that office until his decease, Oct. 8, 1740, and on the 28th of the same month the
vacancy was filled by the appointment of Col. Edward Hutchinson (1702).

In 1733, he was elected by the town one of a committee "to think of and assign
three suitable places for erecting markets," etc. With this movement Mr. Palmer
(1702) was prominendy identified. The last time his name appears on the town
records is in connection with the meeting July 14, 1740, when he presented a petition,
signed by three hundred and forty citizens, asking for a special town meeting to
consider the generous offer of Peter Faneuil in regard to building at his own cost a
complete edifice for a market. The proposal was finally accepted by a vote of three
hundred and sixty-seven yeas and three hundred and sixty nays.

Feb. 27, 1720, the selectmen voted "That Tanners Lane be graveled for the con-
veniency of foot Passengers, Provided that Thomas Palmer Esq. [1702] (according to
his proposall) be at the charge of keeping up posts to defend the Same from Carts."
His warehouse was on Corn Market, which ran " From the Sun Tavern in Dock Square,
East, to Merchants Row" in 1732. He was one of the founders of Brattle Street
Church, 1699.

Lovet Sanders (1702).

Benjamin Simpson (1702), barber, of Boston, son of John and Abigail Simpson,
of Charlestown, was born April 9, 1678, and settled in Boston. He was twice married,

to (i) Elizabeth , and (2) Hannah . In 1707, he bought of the heirs his

deceased father's house, and in 17 14 sold the same to P. Cutler. Administration on
his estate was granted to his widow, Hannah, in 1738.

He was clerk of the markets in 17 10 and 1725, and a tithing-man in 17 16 and 171 7.
At a meeting of the selectmen, March 29, 17 14, "Liberty is granted to Mr Benj Simpson
[1702] to Sett the windows of his Barbers Shop Ten inches into the Townes H. way on
ye two Sides of that his Shop wch he Hires of Mr. Sam'U Bill, abutting on corn hill &
on King Street in Boston." He united with the Old South Church, June 21, 17 19,
and was third sergeant of the Artillery Company in 1709.

Benjamin Simpson (1702). Authorities: Boston Records; Wyman's Charlestown Genealogies
and Estates.



•702-3] HONORABLE ARTILLERY COMPANY.



347



Thomas Smith (1702), merchant, of Boston, son of Thomas (1678) and Rebecca
Smith, of Boston, was born May 13, 1678, and married, (i) May 9, 1701, Mary Corwin,
who died July 29, 1716, and, (2) April 30, 1717, Sarah Oliver, sister of Nathaniel (1701).

He was elected scavenger in 171 1 and 1712, and overseer of the poor in 171 2, and
thereafter until 17 19. March ir, 1717-8, he was chosen with Col. Thomas Fitch
(1700), Elisha Cooke (1699), Major Habijah Savage (1699), and Lieut.-Col. Minot,
to " Consider and make report of Some Expedient for Securing the Marsh at the Lower
end of the Comon." From 17 13 to 17 18, he is designated as "Capt." Thomas Smith
(1702) was first sergeant of the Artillery Company in 1705 ; ensign in 1713 ; lieutenant
in 1715, and captain in 1722. He joined the Old South Church, April 28, 1717, and
was a benefactor of Harvard College.

Administration on his estate, which inventoried five thousand seven hundred and
forty-three pounds, was granted to his widow, Sarah, and son, March 23, 1 742.

John Soames (1702), of Boston, son of John and Hannah Soames, was born Jan.
14, 1680. His mother was a daughter of Samuel Shattuck, of Salem, "the happy mes-
senger of Charles H.," says Mr. Savage, " who brought the order to stop the execrable
policy of persecuting the Quakers."

John (1702) was of Quaker ancestry. The Society of Friends held meetings in
Boston as early as May 4, 1664, when those present were to be arrested by a warrant
from Edward Rawson, but the meeting was closed before the officers arrived. Edward
Wharton, the minister, was arrested at the house of Nicholas Upshall (1637), and was
whipped the next day. Their meetings, however, were held, and in 1694 a lot of
land was purchased on Brattle Street, and a meeting-house was built of brick. This
property was held for the society by six persons, one of whom was John Soames, Sr.

Isaac Spencer (1702), of Boston, son of Abraham and Abigail Spencer, was born
March 17, 1678. His mother was Abigail (Atkinson) Spencer, daughter of Theodore
Atkinson (1644). He was fourth sergeant of the Artillery Company in 1707. He was
chosen a constable of Boston, March 14, 1708-9, but refused to serve.

Simeon Stoddard, Jr. (1702), shopkeeper, of Boston, son of Ensign Simeon
Stoddard (1675), '^^^ born in Boston, Aug. 20, 1682. Administration on the estate of
Simeon, Jr. (1702), was granted to Simeon, Sr. (1675), Sept. 26, 1706, "his son dying
near London." ^

He became a member of the Old South Church, Jan. 25, 1701-2.

Oliver Williams (1702), of Boston, son of Capt. Nathaniel (1667) and Mary
Williams, and grandson of Lieut. Nathaniel (1644), was born in Boston, Aug. 21, 1679.
He was fourth sergeant of the Artillery Company in 1 706.

Thomas Smith (1702). Authorities : Bos- page: "The Just Man's Prerogative, a sermon

ton Records; Descendants of Thomas Brattle, p. 55. preached privately Sept. 27, 1706, on a Solemn

John Soames (1702). Authority: Drake's Occasion; for the Consolation of a Sorrowful Fam-

Ilist. of Boston. ily, mourning over the Immature Death of a Pious

Isaac Spencer (1702). Authority: Boston Son, viz, Mr Simeon Stoililanl, who was found

Records. Barbarously Murdered, in Chelsea-Fields, near Lon-

Simeon Stoddard, Jr. (1702.) Authority: don, May 14, 1706. By S. Willard. . . . Boston

Stoddard Genealogy. N. E. Printed by B. Green. Sold by Nicholas

' In the library of the Massachusetts Historical Boone at his Shop, 1706." 10 mo., pp. 28.
Society there is a sermon with the following title-



348 HISTORY OF THE ANCIENT AND [i702-3

The record of the Artillery Company for 1 702 is as follows : —

"April 6, 1702. The Artillery Company met and chose the Rev. Mr. Benjamin
Colman to preach the Election sermon the Commission Officers were desired to
request him. Accepted by him.

"May 4, 1702. At a meeting of the Artillery Company Mr. Elisha Cook Junr.
[1699] at his request was dismissed.

"June I, 1702. Col. Elisha Hutchinson [1670], Capt Samuel Sewall [1679],
Major Charles Hobby [1702], Lieut Zechariah Tuttle [1697], and Ensign Adam Win-
throp [1694] were chosen a committee to look after the 1000 acres of land laid out to
this Company and find a Tenant for it, if they can, and enquire where the other 500
acres may be found and make report of the whole the next Training day.

"Voted, That the former Captain, Samuel Sewall, Esq [1679], and the new Captain,
Maj. Charles Hobby [1702], return thanks to the Rev'd Benjamin Colman for his
Sermon this day preached, and to desire a copy of it. The text preached from was
Hebrews xi. 33.

"There is belonging to the Artillery Company — i Leading Staff; i half pike, Tipt
with Silver at both ends, presented by Captain Samuel Sewall, with this Inscription, viz :
Agmen Massachiisetense est in Tiitclam Sponsae Agni Uxoris, 1701. i flight of Colours
bought of Mr. William Clarke. Four Halberts, for which the Company paid £4. 16. o."

Rev. Benjamin Colman delivered the Artillery election sermon in 1702.' He was
born at Boston, Oct. 16, 1673, being the son of William and Elizabeth Colman, who
came from London. Mr. Colman received his education at Harvard College, where
he graduated in 1692. He was a studious youth, but of a very infirm constitution.
Immediately after graduation he commenced preaching, but did not incline to settle
over a parish until he had gained wisdom by age and experience. Two years after
graduation he visited Europe, and it was supposed by his friends he would setde there.

" He suffered during the passage, the voyage being perilous, and the vessel being
attacked by an enemy, a French privateer, which captured them after a severe engage-
ment. Mr. Colman was on the vessel's deck during the fight, and received unkind
usage from the enemy, on account of being a ' Protestant priest.' When he was in
France, it was a satisfaction to the grinning multitude to insult a man who was an heretic,
and preached against the Pope of Rome. But in every place there are humane people,
who look with pity upon people in distress, and, among Christian nations, those who visit
the prisoner. They resist the spirit of bigotry, and oppose the demon of persecution,
whether clothed in the garb of a saint, or raging with the sword of violence. From
having a wisp of straw to lie upon in the gloomy vaults of a prison, Mr. Colman received
kindness from persons he never knew, and who only considered that he was a stranger.
When there was an exchange of prisoners, he went to London." -

He remained in England a few years. He was invited, while residing in England,
to become the first pastor of the Brattle Street Church. He accepted, arrived home
Nov. I, 1699, and preached the first sermon in the new meeting-house, Dec. 24 of that

'"June 1. 1702. Artillery election-Day. Mr. ing my Guests. No Mather, .Mien, Ailams there,

Colman preaches from Heb. II. 33. Sermon is But there were Mr. Torrey, Willard, Simes, Thacher,

well liked of. Had much adoe to persuade Mr. lielchar and many more. No Mr. Myles, Bridge,

WiUanl to dine with nie. Said Ministers were dis- No Capf of Frigat. Tho the last were invited." —

gusted because the Represenlatives went first at the Senuill Piiptis, I'ol. //., /. 57.
Proclaiming the Queen; and that by order of our ^ Biography ol Rev. Benjan>in Colman, D. D.,

House. But at last he came; I went for him, leav- by Mr. Turell.



'703-4] HONORABLE ARTILLERY COMPANY. 349

year. The covenant of that church, being objected to and "protested" against by
Congregational churches in Massachusetts, gave the Brattle Street Church the name
" Manifesto Church." Dr. Colman continued as pastor of that church from Aug. 4, 1699,
to Aug. 29, 1747, when he died, aged seventy-three years.

Dr. Colman married, Oct. 26, i73i,Jane Clark, of Boston; and on the 6th of May,
1732, he married Sarah Clark, widow of Hon. John Clark, and previously of Hon. John
Leverett (1704), president of Harvard College. She died April 24, 1744, and he married
Mary Frost, of Newcastle, N. H. The family is now extinct.



Online LibraryOliver Ayer RobertsHistory of the Military company of the Massachusetts, now called the Ancient and honorable artillery company of Massachusetts. 1637-1888 (Volume 1) → online text (page 51 of 73)