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History of the Military company of the Massachusetts, now called the Ancient and honorable artillery company of Massachusetts. 1637-1888 (Volume 1) online

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William Tidcomb," and after quoting from Mr. Hutchinson's history, concludes, " ' He was
killed,' says Farmer, ' in the French war of 1755.' "

It was Col. Moses, son of William (1710), who was at Louisburg in 1745, and who
was killed in the French war of 1755. As Col. Moses was born June 19, 1700, he could
not have joined the Artillery Company in 1710. William Tidcomb (1710) was not at
Louisburg in 1745, as his death occurred five years previous to that expedition.

Abiel Walley (1710), merchant, of Boston, son of John (1671) and Elizabeth
(Alden) Walley, was born Aug. 30, 1686. His mother was a daughter of the second
John Alden. Abiel Walley (1710) married, June 17, 1710, Margaret Corwin.

He was a constable of the town of Boston in 1715 and 1723. May 25, 1735, he
contributed, " to be paid in goods," thirty pounds towards the erection of the new work-
house. He resided on Hanover Street in 1737. He was a selectman of Boston in 1746
and 1747, and was on several important committees, visiting schools, instructing repre-
sentatives, etc. He was moderator of the town meeting, June 29, 1747, and became a
member of the Old South Church, March 3, 1 7 16, but " took dismission to the New
North Church."

May 22, 1741, he was chosen one of a committee to wait on his Excellency the
Governor, " desiring that some measures may be taken to protect such coasters as may
be bringing provisions, wood, etc., from being impressed on board of his Majesty's
ships of way, laying in the harbor."

May 15, 1750, he was chairman of a committee to prepare a memorial " to the Great
and General Court, for the repeal of the law lately passed," laying a duty on tea, coffee,
coaches, chaises, etc. The report of the committee was accepted, and it was voted that
" an agent be also chose by the town to appear in their behalf at home to prevent said
acts being confirmed by his Majesty." Christopher I-iilby, Esq., of London, was chosen
agent. Of the committee of five, who wrote the vivid portraiture of the distressed
condition of Boston in 1752, as given in the Report of Record Commissioners (City
Document No. 170, pp. 220-222), three were members of the Artillery Company, viz. :
Abiel Walley (1710), Daniel Henchman (17 12), and John Phillips (1725). The pro-
tests were the same as those in defence of which the colonies resorted to arms. The
document is stamped with as great a spirit of firmness and determination as those
written by the patriots of a quarter of a century later. In these public concerns, Mr.
Walley (1710) took a great iWerest, and he bore a prominent and honorable part in
opposing the heavy burdens levied by the British government.

He was appointed a justice of the peace and of the quorum for Suffolk County,
Nov. 5, 1 740, and was fourth sergeant of the Artillery Company in 1 7 1 1 . He died with-
out issue, and his will was proved Aug. 31, 1759.

The record of the Artillery Company for 17 10 is as follows : —

"April 3. 1 7 10. A committee chosen and Impowered by the Artillery Company of

Abiel Walley (1710). Authorities: Boston Records; Hist. Cat. of Old South Church.


the Massachusets to Treat with, and lease out to any Person that may present [himself],
the farm belonging to said Company, not exceeding the term of twenty-one years ; viz' :
Capt Penn Townsend [1674], Capt Habijah Savage [1699], Ensign Thomas Gushing
[1691], Colo Elisha Hutchinson [1670], C^t Samuel Sewall [1679], Colo. Samuel
Checkley [1678], Capt Samuel Keeling [1699].

" The Rev'd Mr. Increase Mather was chosen to preach the Artillery Sermon, and
the then Commission Officers were desired to request it of him. May 4"'. It was
accepted by him."

Rev. Increase Mather, of Boston, who preached before the Company forty-five
years before, in 1665, delivered the Artillery election sermon' in 1710. A sketch of
his life will be found under that date. See page 204.

One of his successors, Rev. Dr. Pond, speaks of Mr. Mather as " a man richly
endowed by nature, richly furnished by education, and deservedly numbered with the
most pious, learned, and industrious men of New England."


The elected officers were : Habijah Savage (1699), captain; Edward
Winslow (1700), lieutenant ; Edward Hutchinson (1702), ensign. Thomas
Salter (1704) was first sergeant; Richard Proctor (1699), second ser-
geant; William Lowder (1708), third sergeant; Abiel Walley (1710), fourth sergeant,
and Jonathan Williams ( 1 7 1 1 ) , clerk.

This was the year of a conflagration, called the " great fire," until eclipsed by that
of March 20, 1760. Mr. Whitmore, in the Old State House Memorial, edition 1S87,
says, " To add to the general depression, a great fire in Boston occurred ' about 7 or 8
o'clock of the night between the 2d and 3d of October.' 'It broke out in an old Tene-
ment within a back Yard in Cornhill (/. <'., Washington Street), near the First meeting-
house, occasioned by the carelessness of a poor Scottish woman (one Mary Morse), by
using Fire near a parcel of Ocum, Chips, and other combustible Rubbish.' This spot
was in or near Williams Court. ' All the houses on both sides of Cornhill [Washington
Street] from School Street to what is called the stone-shop in Dock-square, all the upper
part of King Street [State Street] on the south and north side, together with the Town
House, and what was called the Old Meeting House above it, were consumed to ashes.' "
Thus ended the first town-house in Boston, originally suggested by, and largely erected
through the thoughtful generosity of, Robert Keayne (1637), the founder of the x-\rtillery

One hundred buildings were consumed, and one hundred and ten families were
turned out of doors. Snow's History of Boston says, "The house in which the fire took
is said to have belonged to Capt. Ephraim Savage [1674], who then lived in Williams
Court." How many members of the Artillery Company suffered directly by the fire is
not known. Two petitions, however, containing some of the names of the sufferers, are
on file in the clerk's office, Boston. Included therein are the names of Samuel Lynde

'"[1710] Second day, April 3 [during a ses- •lahtissen/ vo/a Pflasgi.' Before we went away word

sion of the council in the town-house], As we look was brought that Dr. Mather was chosen to preach

toward the .\rtillery passing by, I said to Mr. Pem- the .\rtillery Sermon. Mr Pemberton said, ' Must

berton the passage of Ulysses : 'Si inea cum vestris choose agen.' " — Sewall Papers, Vol. II., p. 279.




(1691), Ephraim Savage (1674), Henry Deering (16S2), Ezekiel Lewis (1707), Thomas
Phillips (1694), and Enoch Greenleaf (1680). The saved goods, unclaimed, were
placed by the selectmen in the care of Edward Hutchinson (1702).

The town took immediate steps toward procuring a new town-house, and addressed
the Legislature, by which a joint committee was selected, viz. : Elisha Hutchinson (1670)
and Penn Townsend (1674), councillors ; Addington Davenport (1692), Samuel Thaxter
(1728), and Capt. Phips (1681), deputies, with two persons representing Boston, viz.:
Thomas Brattle and William Payne (i69[), which committee, under the direction of
the Legislature and the town of Boston, supervised the erection of a town-house, —
the present Old State House, so called, — at the head of State Street.

In 17 1 1, Timothy Thornton (1691), Capt. Thomas Hutchinson (1694), and Capt.
Edward Martyn (1702), were chosen by the town, with full power, to purchase land for
the enlargement of the North burying-place. A purchase was accordingly made of land
adjacent, belonging to Hon. Samuel Sewall (1679), for one hundred and twenty pounds.

The line of defence, or the fortification, proposed across the Neck, was a matter of
absorbing interest to the town. At the August meeting, it was determined that the
"line of Defence be forthwith made," and that Col. Giles Dyer (1680), Capt. Timothy
Clarke (1702), Messrs. Richard Draper, Joseph Wadsworth, and Joshua Gee were
appointed a committee to manage the affair of making it. A thousand pounds were
appropriated for it, and the field-ofificers of the militia of the town were desired to make
suggestions in regard to it, as was also his Excellency the Governor. The field-officers
of the militia were veteran members of the Artillery Company.

The members of the Artillery Company recruited in 1 7 11 were : Jeremiah Belknap,
Benjamin Bridge, Barrat Dyer, John Eustace, Ephraim Fenno, John Gibbins, John
Goldthwait, Nathaniel Goodwin, Samuel Green, Estes Hatch, Samuel Haugh, RicliarcP
Hunnewell, Ebenezer Lowell, William Parkman, Thomas Phillips, Habijah Savage, James
Tileston, James Varney, Ezekiel Walker, Nathaniel Wheeler, Jonathan Williams.

Jeremiah Belknap (171 1), leather-breeches maker and leather-dresser, of Boston,
son of Joseph (1692) and Deborah (Fitch) Belknap, and grandson of Joseph Belknap
(1658), was born in Boston, Jan. i, 1687. Jeremiah (1711) was a half-brother of
Nicholas (1725), and of Abraham (1735). He married Sarah Fosdick, born Feb. 19,
1684-5, sister of Lieut. James Fosdick (1722). Jeremiah (1711) and Sarah (Fosdick)
Belknap had two sons, Joseph (1742), named for his paternal grandfather, and Jeremiah
(1745), named for his maternal grandfather, Jeremiah Fitch, of Boston. They were the
grandparents of Jeremy Belknap, born June 4, 1744 (Harv. Coll., 1762), '-the amiable
and learned historian of New Hampshire," and author of valuable volumes of American
biography. Jeremiah (1711) and his wife were members of the Old South Church. He
was admitted to membership March 9, 1711-2, and she, the 8th of April preceding.
He followed the trade of his father and grandfather, and acquired a considerable prop-
erty. He was a man of marked ability, and took a prominent part in town affairs and
public matters. He held minor town offices for twelve years, between 17 16 and 1741 ;
was one of the purchasers of grain for the town from March 11, 1739, to 1746 ; was one
of the committee to raise, by taxation, ten thousand pounds for the building of batteries
and fortifications for the town in 1744; frequently made the annual visit to the public

Jeremiah Belknap (i7ii)- Authority: Boston Records.


schools, with the clergy and others, and was selectman in 1747. His residence was on
Cornhill (Washington Street) in 1723. Sept. 27, 1725, liberty was granted him by the
selectmen to build a tomb on the south line of the South burying-place. The tomb was
No. 33. He died in 1751, aged sixty-four years.

Benjamin Bridge (1711), tailor, of Boston, son of Samuel (1679) and Hannah
Bridge, and brother of Capt. Ebenezer Bridge (1717), was born Feb. 18, 1684. He was
first sergeant of the Artillery Company in 17 15, and ensign in 1728. In the latter year,
July 4, he was one of the coroner's jury " who being Sworn, upon their oaths say, that
Benjamin Woodbridge came to his death " with a sword in the hands of Henry Phillips,
on Boston Common, July 3, 1728. He died in June, 1739.

Barrat Dyer (171 1) was a cooper, of Boston. He was a tithing-man and mem-
ber of a Boston military company in 1707 and 1708; measurer of grain in 1707-8
and 1709 ; constable in 171 1, but resigned ; scavenger in 1723, 1726, and 1734, and culler
of staves in 1744. In 1708, the selectmen appointed him a gauger and viewer of casks
made for tar, pitch, turpentine, and rosin. In April, 17 10, he was ordered by the select-
men to remove the fence which he and William Keen (1702) had erected in Pierce's
Alley, now known as Change Avenue. Liberty was granted Barrat Dyer, Sept. 6, 1726, to
build a tomb " on the new line in the South burying-place." He presented a clock to
the New Brick Church. He died Dec. 7, 1753.

A Barrat Dyer married Elizabeth Bull, Dec. 21, 1730.

John Eustace, or Eustis (171 1), housewright, of Boston, son of William Eustis, was
born Dec. 8, 1659. He married (i) Elizabeth Morse, who died about Nov. 20, 1714;
(2) April 4, 1715, Mercy Tay, who died April 3, 1718, and, (3) July 7, 1719, Mar)'
Moulds. He died April 5, 1722, and was buried in King's Chapel Burial-Ground. His
name is spelled Eustis on his gravestone. He resided on Back, now Salem, Street,
in 1722, where he owned two houses, inventoried at nine hundred pounds.

He was second sergeant of the Artillery Company in 171 2.

Ephraim Fenno (1711) was of Boston. He married Elizabeth Smith, July 22, 1706.
In the selectmen's records of 1708, reference is made to the house of Ephraim Fenno
(1711), at the South End. Robert Calfe, Jr. (1710), was his neighbor. July 15, 1718,
petition for license as an innholder was disallowed; but Aug. 5, 17 18, he was licensed
to sell ale, beer, and cider within doors, " at his house in Marlborough [now Washington]
Street." In 1720, he was licensed as an innholder. He again applied in 1736 for a
license, but it was disallowed. He was clerk of the market in 1712, constable in 17 13,
sealer of leather in 1724, 1725, and 1726.

His son, Ephraim, Jr., was a member of the Old South Church, and not Ephraim
(1711), as Mr. Whitman (18 10) states.

Benjamin Bridge (171 1). Authority: Bos- John Eustace (1711). Authority: New-
ton Records. Eng. Hist, .iml Gen. Reg., 1S7S, p. 205.

Barrat Dyer (1711). Authorities: Boston ' Ephraim Fenno (1711). Authority: Bos-
Records; Boston Post- Boy ; Rev. Mr. Ware's Hist. ton Records.

171 1-2]




John Gibbins (1711), apothecary, of ]!oston, son of Lieut. William Gibbins (1691)
and Anne, his wife, was born Jan. 11, 1687, and graduated at Harvard College in 1706.
He married Rebecca Gray, Oct. 4, 171 1. He was clerk of the market in 1712, and was
elected constable in 17 15, but declined to serve. Feb. 23, 1736, he petitioned for a
tomb in the South burial-ground, and Jan. 10, 1738, the selectmen granted tomb
No. 85 to "Dr. John Gibbins [1711]-"

He was one of the founders of Trinity Church, 1734.

f: John Goldthwait (171 1), a brick mason, of Boston, son of Samuel and Elizabeth

V (Cheever) Goldthwait, was born in Salem in 1677. He was a grandson of the celebrated

' Ezekiel Cheever. /He married Sarah Hopkins, March 13, 1701. She died Oct. 31, 1715.

He was elected constable in 17 13, but declined ; and served as tithing-man in 1721,

] clerk of the market in 1724, scavenger in 1725, and in 1726 was appointed, with others,

, ■ by Edward Brorafield (1707) and others, and by the selectmen of Boston, an appraiser, to

make a true " apprizement of the tenements standing on the towns land and wharf, on

; the South side of town dock, now in the possession of Mr Bromfield [1707], Belcher

' and others." He was called in 1708 to appraise a partition brick wall near the Swinging

Bridge, and in 1712 to examine chimneys, which would indicate that he was a mason.

Feb. 25, 1716, he was directed to make such alterations in the chimney of Mr. Sheaffe's

house as were necessary, and March 25, 1717, the selectmen agreed that "Mr. John

Goldthwait [17 11] be imployed in carrying up a Small Stack of chimnyes" at Mr. Sheaffe's


In 1735, he contributed thirty pounds in mason work tojvard the erection of the
workhouse. Tradition says that he lived at the North End. (Owck.v'tfl.-*- Sir, '

He was second sergeant of the Artillery Company in 1721 ; ensign in 1730, and its
lieutenant in 1732. Of his sons, Joseph joined the Artillery Company in 1732 and
; Benjamin in 1740.
[ ' He"diedrjun'e^5, 1766, aged eighty-eight years and six months.

Nathaniel Goodwin (1711) was of Boston. He was not born or married in Boston.
He appears in Boston in 1696, and had wife, Elizabeth. Their first child was Nathaniel,
born Nov. 23, 1696. Nathaniel (1711) married, (2) July 6, 1708, Bridget Salisbury.

He was first sergeant of the Artillery Company in 1718, and its ensign in 1724,
and became a member of the Old South Church, Sept. 27, 1730.

Samuel Green (1711), cooper, of Boston, son of James (1674) and Rebecca
(Jones) Green, of Boston, was born in Boston, July 20, 1680. His mother was a
daughter of Thomas Jones (1643), of Dorchester. He married Elizabeth Brazier, Jan.
27, 1703. His brother, Richard, joined the Artillery Company in 1694. Samuel (171 1)
was by trade a cooper, but Aug. 27, 171 1, he applied for a license as an innholder, which
was disallowed. Nov. 24, 17 13, he was appointed by the selectmen to board sloops or
vessels bringing corn, and see to the delivery of the corn, according to the by-laws of the
town, — "so much to each family." His last petition for a license was July 9, 17 14,
where he is named " Samuel Green. Coop\"

John Gibbins (i;")-


Authority : Boston

John Goldthwait (1711)- Authorities
loslon Records; New Eng. Hist, and Gen. Reg

Samuel Green (171 !)■


Authority : lioslon

?T-e/£ic<^ Ofice,^


X. ^


ras; J.^e\v i-.n^. iiisi. aiui vjcii.
MS. of Joseph Cutler Whitney.



Estes Hatch (171 1), of Dorchester, was born in 1689. He married, Nov. 9, 17 16,
Mary Rolfe.i

Col. Hatch (1711) was a prominent man in town affairs; held the principal mili-
tary offices, and at the time of his decease was a "brigadier-general of horse." He was
captain of the Tenth Company in the Third Massachusetts Regiment at Louisburg,
in 1745.

The Artillery Company has in its museum a valuable relic in the form of a mourning
ring, made in memory of Gen. Estes Hatch (1711). It is of fine gold, panelled on the
outside, and inscribed with the words, " | B* Gen | E: Hatch | OB: 6 | Feb | 1759 |
JE 70 I ."

Samuel Haugh (171 1), of Boston, son of Samuel and Ann (Rainsford) Haugh, was
born Feb. i, 1676. "Samuel Haugh [1711] was indentured to Mr. Thomas Savage
[1665]."- He was second sergeant of the Artillery Company in 1713, and is said to
have died "before middle age."

Richard Hunnewell (1711), master-mariner, of Boston, son of Ambrose Hunnewell

(1695), was born in 1681. He married (i) Sarah , who died July 23, 1723, and,

(2) March 12, 1724, Elizabeth Bradford. He was chosen to town office, March 12,
i7io-i,and also the year following. He resided in North Street in 1710. Oct. 25,
1 7 15, he presented to the selectmen his account of disbursements in laying a common
sewer, three hundred and fourteen feet long, from the common sewer in North Street,
through Charter Street to Thomas Chittey's, which was approved by the selectmen, and
assessed upon the property holders. It amounted to ^^35 7^^.

He died Nov. 27, 1742, aged sixty-one years, and was entombed in King's Chapel

Ebenezer Lowell (171 1), cordwainer, of Boston, son of John and Hannah
(Proctor) Lowell, was born in 1675. Ebenezer (171 1) married, Jan. 30, 1694, Elizabeth
Shaler, and they had at least two sons, John and Ebenezer, who grew up. The father
was clerk of the market in 1704, constable in 1707, and, in 1711, was licensed to sell
"strong drink." He died before Sept. 11, 17 11, and his widow, Elizabeth "Lowle,"
petitioned the selectmen for a license, which she received in 1711 and 1712. In 1713,
objection was made to its renewal, and, July 23, Philip Bongarden, having married Mrs.
Lowell, petitioned for the license she had, and it was granted.

The son, Ebenezer, remained in Boston, sold "strong drink" for several years, and,

Estes Hatch (1711). Authorities: Chase's attacked Haverhill. Mr. Rolfe was killed by the

Hist, of Haverhill, p. 220; New Eng. Hist, and Indians, and his daughters, Mary and Elizabeth,

Gen. Reg., 1 871, p. 258, and 1893. were saved by the sagacity of Hagar, a negro slave,

Samuel Haugh (1711). Authority: Eaton's who was an inmate of the family. She carried the

Hist, of Reading, p. 87. children into the cellar, covered them with two tubs,

"['7'7> Jun<2] 9- Mr. Sam. Haugh buried; and then concealed herself. They thus escaped the

Mr. Edwards, Ellis, Williams Retailer were 3 of the brutality of the savages. Elizabeth became the wife

Bearers. I had a scarf. Mr Eliakim Hutchinson of Rev. Samuel Checkley, who delivered the Artil-

& I foUow'd next after the Mourners, 42 upon the lery sermon in 1725, and was the mother of the

Coffin." — Sewn// Papers, Vo/. III., p. 1 32. wife of Samuel Adams, the patriot.

Richard Hunnewell (1711). Authorities: ^ "Thursd.iy, November the Sixth, 1690, at my

Boston Records; King's Chapel Burial-Ground, by House in Boston Samuel Haugh and Mr. Thomas

Briilgman. Savage mutually sign'd and deliver'd Indentures to

Ebenezer Lowell (1711). Authoritiks: each other: Sam. to serve him from Oct 7 last,

Boston Records; Pilgrims of Boston, by Bridgman. Seven years and six Moneths." — Se^vali Papers,

' Mary Rolfe was a daughter of Rev. Benjamin V'o/. I., p. 333.
Rolfe, of Haverhill. Aug. 29, 1708, the Indians


in 1742, was allowed to sell "Flour, Butter, Cheese & Rice" in stall No. 10, south side
of the market. The son, John, graduated at Harvard College in 1721, was ordained as
pastor of the First Church in Newbury, Jan. 12, 1726, and held that position forty-two
years. John, son of John, and grandson of Ebenezer (17 11), graduated at Harvard
College in 1760, and became distinguished as a judge. Several eminent benefactors of
the Commonwealth are the descendants of Ebenezer (171 1).

William Parkman (1711), joiner, of Boston, son of William and Elizabeth Park-
man, was born in Boston, Dec. 19, 1685. He married, May 5, 1708, Hannah Goodwin.
He was first sergeant of the Artillery Company in 1717. Dec. 12, 1709, "the selectmen
let unto William Parkman, Jr. (1711), a strip of land belonging to the North Battery, on
the easterly side of his dwelling-house, at one shilling per annum." Feb. 27, 1709-10,
the selectmen engaged Mr. Parkman (171 1) to collect and receive the wharfage and
dockage fees at Merry's Point. In 1732, he resided in Ship, now North, Street. A strip
of land, eighty feet long and two feet wide, was sold by him to the town in 1734, to
widen Battery Alley, now Battery Street, for the sum of forty shillings.

He was scavenger in 1721, 1723, and 1725 ; constable in 1721 ; assessor in 1731 ;
measurer of boards and timber, and viewer of shingles, in 1732, 1744, 1745, and 1746.
June 17, 1734, William Parkman ( 1 7 1 1 ) and others petitioned the town for liberty to
lay down and maintain, for twenty or thirty years, good and sufficient ways for the land-
ing of passengers from Winnisimmet, at the town's slip, at the lower end of North Street.
The petition was granted, and the term was fixed at thirty years.

Probably William Parkman, Sr., was the person of that name who was one of the
founders of the New North Church in 1712, but William, Jr. (1711), was a member
of that church, a deacon, and its last ruling elder. He was elected to the latter office
in 1743, and died in 1775 or 1776, in the country.

Thomas Phillips (1711), was a tavern-keeper, of Boston. He married, Dec. 31,
1702, Rebecca Blaney.

Thomas Phillips (1711) first appears as an innholder in 1709, when, June 9, the
selectmen billeted ninety of the soldiers, " now in her Majesty's service upon this present
expedition," within the town of Boston. These soldiers were assigned to the several
houses of entertainment, and five were billeted to Thomas PhilHps (1711). The town
records inform us as to his tavern and its situation. Oct. 31, 17 12, Thomas Phillips
(171 1) received liberty "to dig up the highway from his dwelling-house, being the Sun
Tavern, to the dock, which is about thirty feet," to lay a drain. Feb. 21, 1714-5, Thomas
Phillips (171 1) was notified by the selectmen to remove " the heap of dirt lying in the
highway, before or nigh his house, at the entrance of Corn Market, which hath been
made by dirt from his yard."

The dwelling-house of Thomas Phillips (171 1) was the original Sun Tavern, on
Dock Square. He kept it, certainly, from 1708 until 1724, when he was succeeded by
Samuel Mears, who was followed by Andrew Halliburton and James Day (1733), and
probably others. The Sun Tavern was on the corner of Dock Square and what is now
Faneuil Hall Square.

The will of Thomas Phillips was proved in 1726.

William Parkman (1711)- Authorities: Thomas Phillips (1711). Authoritv: Bos-

Boston Records; Drake's Hist, of Boston. ton Records.


Habijah Savage (1711) was the same as Habijah Savage (1699). See page 322.

James Tileston (171 1), housewright, of Boston, son of Timothy and Sarah (Bridg-
man) Tileston, of Dorchester, was born in Dorchester, July 2, 1678. He was a brother

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