hour ; but nothing more definite than this could be
ascertained. He had telegraphed to the police of
Dublin to be on the lookout for them.
l6o SHAMROCK AND THISTLE, OR
" Pelham is a smart fellow, and in my opinion,
fearing we should be after them, they have taken a
side-car, and gone to some hotel ten or a dozen miles
from Cork, where they intend to stay over Sunday."
" Did you instruct the policemen at the railway
stations ? "
"I did ; but there was a train left for Youghal at
seven o'clock. No one had seen them, however ; yet
it is possible they went in that direction. I returned
for further instructions."
Mr. Lowington imparted to him the astounding in-
telligence that the safe had been robbed of sixty sov-
ereigns. The matter of finding the runaways was
fully committed to the professor, and with his valise
he returned to Cork before noon. As the ship was
to sail for Dublin on Monday, he was instructed to
join her there.
The Sunday services on board of the Young Amer-
ica were conducted as usual. The students were
unable to obtain any information in regard to the
absentees. Mr. Fluxion had gone on shore with his
valise, which indicated an absence of several days at
least. As the professor of mathematics was the prin-
cipal's right-hand supporter, and the most active and
energetic man in the ship, it was evident that the run-
aways were to be pursued with vigor and determina-
tion, and that Pelham and his companions would be
brought back before many days elapsed. Of course
the students knew nothing about the three rolls of
gold, and were not aware that the absentees were so
plentifully supplied with funds for their excursion.
At six o'clock, on Monday morning, the pilot who
YOUNG AMERICA IN IRELAND AND SCOTLAND. l6l
was to take the ship out of the harbor came on
board ; but the students were still fearful that the de-
parture would be postponed on account of the desertion
of the fourth lieutenant and the two seamen. It was
a fine morning, and the wind was fresh from the north-
west, which made it fair for the first part of the voyage.
" All hands, up anchor, ahoy ! " piped the boatswain
soon after the arrival of the pilot.
The doubt was removed, and every officer and sea-
man sprang to his station with an alacrity which
showed how strong was their desire to visit new scenes
and witness new sights. The top-sails, top-gallant-
sails, spanker, and head-sails were loosed ready to be
set, the capstan was manned, and as soon as the anchor
was a-weigh, the jib was hoisted. The ship began to
swing round as soon as she was clear of the ground.
" Haul out the spanker ! " shouted the first lieuten-
ant ; and when the order was executed, the ship swung
round so that she headed to the opening of the harbor,
" Lay aloft, sail loosers ! " he continued ; and the nim-
ble tars sprang up the rigging like so many cats.
" Is it possible ! " exclaimed Captain Carneybeg, the
pilot, as he observed with what facility the ship was
handled. " These b'ys are the smartest sailors I ever
saw in all my life, and I've been to sea thirty years."
" Boys are smarter as sailors than men. What they
lack in muscle they make up in agility," replied Mr.
" And you haven't spoken a word yet, sir," added
" Not a word."
" All done bv these bits of b'ys."
1 62 SHAMROCK AND THISTLE, OR
" Everything. I have no doubt they will take the
ship to Dubhn vs^ithout a hint from me. Of course I
watch them very closely ; but it isn't often that I am
called upon to interfere."
" Lay out and loose top-sails and top-gallant-sails ! "
continued the first lieutenant.
In a few moments the ship was going at a lively
pace down the harbor. Several yachts and other ves-
sels complimented her by dipping their colors, and by
cheers, and these courtesies were appropriately an-
swered. When the ship was clear of the land outside
of Roches Point, the pilot went over the side into his
canoe, and the Young America was again in charge
of her own officers. The sea routine was now in op-
eration, as it had been during the passage across the
Atlantic. The starboard watch came on duty as soon
as all hands were dismissed.
"Keep her E. } S.," said the second master to the
quartermaster conning the wheel.
" E. |- S.," repeated the quarter-master.
The ship was to run for the Saltee Light-Ship, about
ninety nautical miles distant. The course on the
chart appeared to be N. by E. ^ N., but the variation
of the compass is about twenty-four degrees west.
All sail was set, and the usual sea order of the ship
prevailed. The port watch : came on duty at eight
o'clock, and the starboard watch attended to their
studies till twelve.
At three o'clock the calculations of the masters were
proved to be correct, and the Saltee Light-Ship was
discovered just where it ought to be.
" Keep her E. ^ N.," said Joseph Leavett, the fourth
master, when the ship was oft' the light-vessel.
YOUNG AMERICA IN IRELAND AND SCOTLAND. 1 63
" E. ^ N.," replied the quarter-master.
The sails were trimmed, and the Young America
took her new course, which being continued for eigh-
teen miles would bring her up with Tuskar Light, a
little north of Cansore Point, the south-eastern ex-
tremity of Ireland.
At half past five the ship was off the Tuskar, which
is a remarkable rock, that looks, when the beholder is
several miles distant, like a vessel bottom upwards.
It rises fifteen feet above high-water mark, and has on
it a light-house, similar to the Eddystone, one hundred
and one feet high. Many of the students had heard
of this celebrated rock and light, and were anxious to
The wind hauled to the west^vard at dark, and con-
tinued to blow a six-knot breeze during the night.
The ship's course was N. E. by N., and at eight bells
she was off Arklow Light-Ship. At four bells in the
mid watch the second master was observed to be quite
nervous. He examined the compasses very carefully,
and went up into the foretop to observe the contour of
the hills. Mr. Lowington, knowing the difficulties of
the navigation, had come on deck about one o'clock.
He asked some questions, looked at the compasses,
noted the bearings of the lights, and examined the
outline of the shore, but he offered no hints or sugges-
" All right ! " exclaimed Martyn, the master on
duty. " Keep her N. W. by W. f W."
" Do you know where you are, Mr. Martyn?" asked
" I do, sir. Those two lights are Wicklow Head.
164 SHAMROCK AND THISTLE, OR
I have brought the Great Sugar Loaf to bear through
the Gap," repHed Martyn, with enthusiasm.
"But where is Arklow Bank?" asked Mr. Low-
" When Arklow Head lights bear north-v\rest, we
are clear of the Arklow Banks," replied the master,
who had learned his lesson by heart.
"You have done well," added the principal.
" Thank you, sir. It is my watch below now."
Martyn explained to the master who took his place,
the situation of the ship, and went below. On the
cabin table was spread out a large chart of St. George's
Channel, which ail the masters had carefully studied,
and each one had written out the bearings and sailing
directions. Their experience enabled them now to
work v\^ith accuracy, and those who had been on duty
were delighted that everything had come out as it
should, and that they had found everything where it
ought to be. Careful allowances were made for the
tides, and it was a joy to the young navigators to find
their calculations were correct.
At four o'clock, when the ship was within a couple
of miles of the shore, off Wicklow Head, her course
was changed to N. by E. ^ E., which would carry her
through a channel from five to eight miles wide, be-
tween the main shore and a series of sand banks, the
most southern of which is India Bank. Perhaps some
of our readers will wonder, ^vhile there V\^ere several
lights to be seen, hov/ the masters could tell one from
another. Besides the chart, they were provided with
a book containing the sailing directions for the chan-
nel. By the descriptions in this work, they identified
YOUNG AMERICA IN IRELAND AND SCOTLAND. 1 65
On Wicklow Head there are two light-houses, one
hundred and eighty yards apart, each having a fixed
Hght. One is two hundred and fifty, and the other
one hundred and twenty-one feet above high-water
mark. The next hght to the south of it is Arklow
Light-Ship, which shows a single light, thirty-nine
feet high, revolving" once every minute. Wicklow
Light-Ship shows a red light. These three lights,
which are all in sight at the same time, can be known
by these descriptions.
Light-houses are not, as some shore people suppose,
to give light to those who sail on the sea, but for the
mariner to take his bearings from. If he can see the
light, and identify it by its description in his sailing
directions, he knows where he is. For example, a
ship bound from Liv^erpool to Portland, if she ap-
proaches the coast in the night, would first discover the
lights on Cape Elizabeth. They are two in number,
three hundred yards apart, and one hundred and forty
feet above the level of the sea, one being about south-
v/est of the other. The eastern is fixed, and the west-
ern revolves once in a minute and a half. From the
relation of these lights to each other, those in the
ship can tell where she is.. If she approaches them
from the north-east, the two will be In range, and the
revolving light behind the fixed light ; if from the
east, they will be close together, the revolving light
being behind the other ; if from the south-east, they
will be full distance apart, and equally distant from the
ship. To a vessel approaching from the south-west,
the two lights would be in range, and the revolving
light in front of the other.
l66 SHAMROCK AND THISTLE, OR
At eight o'clock the ship took a pilot off Dublin
Bay, and at eight bells the anchor was let go off
Kinofstown. Not a sing;le recitation had been lost on
the passage, though it was rather tryingfor the watch
below to study while the ship was going up Dublin
Bay ; but Mr. Lowington, who was acting as professor
of mathematics in the absence of Mr. Fluxion, was
inflexible, while he was kind, and assured the boys
they would have an opportunity to see every object of
interest befDre they left the port.
Dublin contains about two hundred and fifty thou-
sand inhabitants, and is situated on both sides of the
River Liffey, which divides it into nearly equal por-
tions. The river below the town widens so as to form
Dublin Bay, on which is situated Kingstown, the deep-
water port of the Irish metropolis. It was formerly the
little fishing village of Dunleary ; but being visited by
George IV., who bestowed upon it the royal patronage,
its name was changed, and it became a fashionable
watering-place. It is connected with the city by rail-
road, and the Dublin and Holyhead steamers â€” part
of the great mail line between London and Qiieens-
town â€” start from here, though the steamers direct
from Liverpool and Glasgow go up to the city;
As soon as the anchor of the Young America was
let go, the port routine of the ship was restored. In
the afternoon all the boats made *an excursion to
Howth, on the north shore of the bay. Howth Castle
was vi-sited, whose history Professor Mapps related.
It v/as the residence of an ancient family, which has
furnished man}?- warriors and noted men. Grace'
O'Malley, a chieftainess of the western part of Ire-
YOUNG AMERICA IN IRELAND AND SCOTLAND. 1 6/
land, after a visit to Qiieen Elizabeth in London,
landed at Howth, and claimed the hospitality of the
lord of the castle, who refused even to furnish her any
refreshment. The western lady was spiteful, and to
revenge herself kidnapped the heir of the proud noble,
and kept him a close prisoner until his father promised
that on iTd^retence whatever should the gates of
Howth Castle be shut at the dinner hour. Up to a
recent date this promise has been kept.
The party next ascended the Hill of Howth, a rug-
ged steep, five hundred and sixty-three feet above the
level of the sea. From this point they had a fine view
of the surrounding scenery, including Ireland's Eye, a
picturesque island, on which are some ruins. There
were plenty of cromlechs, cairns, and ruins, of which
the guides had strange "layginds"to tell about the
blessed saints who lived there and were pestered
with evil spirits. The good St. Nessan, who lived on
Ireland's Eye, being visited by a fiendish enemy while
he was reading the sacred book of Howth, hit him
with the holy volume, and knocked him across the bay
with such force that the steep rock was split into a
"Don't ye belave it?" demanded the Irish guide,
when some of the boys looked incredulous.
" That's a whopper," answered one of them.
" A hopper â€” was it? To be sure it was. Didn't
the faynd hop acrass the wather whin the blissed saint
shtruck him? But it's thrue, ivery word of it. Don't
I show ye the place where he shtruck? and isn't that
the hole in the rock he made whin he hit it ? "
1 68 SHAMROCK AND THISTLE, OR
It was useless to deny the truth of the story in the
face of this confirmation, and the party passed on to
other scenes. At dark the boys returned to the ship,
tired out after the hard pull and the long walk they
had taken, and all hands turned in at an early hour.
YOUNG AMERICA IN IRELAND AND SCOTLAND. 1 69
THE FAIR ARCHERS OF BELFAST.
AFTER study hours the next day, the enth-e
ship's company took the train at Kingstown
for DubHn. Leaving the station in Great Brunswick
Street in side cars, four and twenty of w^hich were
readily procured, the party proceeded to Dublin Castle.
In passing through College Street, the procession of
cars encountered the carriage of the lord mayor of
the city, which produced a sensation among the re-
publican young gentlemen. The principal vehicle
occupied by his worship was drawn by four horses,
driven by a fat, measly-looking coachm.an, with a jolly
red face, dressed in extravagant livery. Two foot-
men also, bedizened with finery, stood upon the back
rack. Behind this carriage was another, containing
the lord mayor's officers. From a side window of
one of them w^as projected the huge mace, vv^hich is
the emblem of his lordship's authority. The tv/o
vehicles w^ere flanked by mounted policemen, belong-
ing to the Irish constabulary. The boys were rather
amused than impressed by the pageant, which w*as
more befitting a travelling circus company than the
chief magistrate of a great city.
Dublin Castle was originally built for the defence
170 SHAMROCK AND THISTLE, OR
of the people from the wild inhabitants which once
infested Ireland. It has been repeatedly altered and
improved till but little of the former structure remains.
In the language of the Young America's company,
" it isn't much." The cars were driven into the court-
yard, and the party Vv^ere conducted through the state
apartments by a female servant. They were m^isera-
ble rooms for so " big a gun " as the Lord Lieutenant
of Ireland, whose official residence the castle is. The
boys passed through the viceregal apartments, the
reception, breakfast, sitting, and ball rooms. The ceil-
ings v^^ere high, and some of them were adorned with
valuable paintings ; otherwise they were not much
different from, or better than, the rooms in an Ameri-
can country tavern.
From the castle, the procession of cars ^vent to St.
Patrick's Cathedral, the most elegant and interesting
church in Dublin. It has been recently repaired and
rebuilt at the sole expense of an Irish brewer, at a
cost of one hundred thousand pounds. St. Patrick
built a place of worship near the fountain, where he
baptized his converts, w^hich was the site of the pres-
ent cathedral. It is not, as might be supposed, a
Catholic, but a Protestant church. It contains a tab-
let to the memory of Schomberg, who was killed at
the battle of the Boyne ; and within its vaults repose
the remains of Dean Swift, and '' Stella," the heroine
of his poetry.
Passing Christ Chmxh, the party crossed Richmond
Bridge, over the Liffey, which, at this point, the tide
being out, vs^as an unsightly bed of soft mud, and
arrived at " Dublin Four Courts," an extensive and
YOUNG AMERICA IN IRELAND AND SCOTLAND. 17I
imposing pile of buildings on King's Inn Qiiay. It
takes its name from the four courts of Qiieen's Bench,
Chancery, Exchequer, and Common Pleas, which hold
their sessions \^athin its walls. The procession paused
only long enough to view the exterior of the building,
and then proceeded to Sackville Street, in the centre
of which is the Nelson monument, a fluted column
one hundred and twenty-one feet high, surmounted by
a colossal statue of the hero of Trafalgar. Stone
steps in the centre of the pillar lead to the base of
the statue, where a platform, guarded by an iron rail-
ing, aftbrds those who take the trouble to climb up,
a fine view of the city and the surrounding country.
Sackville Street is the principal one of the city.
It is very broad, but there is nothing grand or impos-
ing in the buildings. The procession passed do^vn
this street, crossed Carlisle Bridge, which is the head
of navigation on the Liffey, and returned to the rail-
"Well, Paul, what do you think of Dublin?"
asked Dr. Winstock, when the party returned to the
" I don't think very much of it," replied the second
lieutenant. " I expected, from what I had heard Irish-
men say of it, to find a magnificent city."
" You are disappointed."
" I am ; but I was much interested in the sights I
saw. It don't compare with New York or Phila-
" We remain here but a few days."
" I am glad of it, for I have seen about enough of
172 SHAMROCK AND THISTLE, OR
But the next clay, when the party visited the suburbs
of the city, Paul was better pleased. The ship's com-
pany went out to Rathmines, Rathgar, and other
places in the vicinity. Though they saw^ no elegant
residences, the region around the city was very pleas-
ant. Most of the cottages and tenements, occupied by
the middling class of people, in humble imitation of
the more wealthy and titled " nobs," had their distinc-
tive names, as " Victoria Terrace," " Redan Lodge,"
'' Rathgar Ville."
The next day was wholly given up to an excursion
by railway to Drogheda, Kells, and the battle-field of
the Boyne, in v/hich Professor Mapps w^as the central
figure. He pointed out the spot where King William
stood when he v/as wounded, and the bridge on which
Schomberg was killed. An obelisk, one hundred and
fifty feet high, indicates the spot where the king com-
manded the battle, and where Schomberg died.
On the return of the party to the ship, Mr. Fluxion
w^as on board. His appearance created a great deal
of excitement, especially as he came without the run-
aways. Mr. Lowington greeted him cordially ; but
there was a deeper shade of sadness on his face than
was usually seen there. They retired to the princi-
pal's state-room, where the professor of mathematics
made his report in full. He had traced the deserters
to Youghal, then to Waterford, where they had taker
a steamer for Liverpool.
" When did she sail? " asked Mr. Lowington, anxj
" Last night ; but I telegraphed immediately to
friend of mine there, instructing him to cause the three
bojs to be arrested for stealing."
YOUNG AMERICA IN IRELAND AND SCOTLAND. 1 73
" For stealing ! " exclaimed the principal.
" Isn't that what you call it when they take what
does not belong to them ? "
" Yes ; but I do not care to hand them over to the
" The police will do nothing but detain them, until
some one appears against them."
" Then you must go to Liverpool at once, and see
" I shall be there very early to-morrow morning."
Mr. Fluxion immediately went on shore, and em-
barked in the steamer for Holyhead, whence he was
to go by railway to his destination. Mr. Lowington
still kept his own counsels in regard to the runaways.
The professor had gone again, and this fact indicated
to the crew that the search had not been given up.
On Friday morning the ship sailed for Belfast, and
on Saturday morning came to anchor in the Lough,
about a mile from the shore. In the afternoon, the
ship's company embarked in the boats, and went up
to the city, landing at the foot of the principal street.
Dr. Winstock v/as acquainted v/ith an Irish gentleman
who was a large linen manufacturer, and to him the
party were indebted for kindly showing them, not
only the public buildings, gardens, and college, but his
Belfast is more like an American city than anything
the voyagers had seen in Ireland. Since 1821 its pop-
ulation has increased from thirty-seven thousand to
one hundred and b,venty thousand. The whole city
stands upon the territory of the Marquis of Donegal,
to whom the whole town belongs, and to whom the
1^4 SHAMROCK AND THISTLE, OR
citizens pay rent. Belfast is a neat and thriving place,
and owes its commercial importance to the linen
trade. The whole of the north of Ireland is engaged
in the production of flax, which is manufactured into
linen, Belfast being the centre of that trade.
About eighty per cent, of the people of Belfast are
Protestants, and beggars are rarely met with, as in
Dublin and Cork. The boys visited the Botanical
Gardens, a large tract of land, laid out in lawns,
flov^er-beds, and w^alks, and containing a conservatory
well stocked with tropical plants. In this garden they
witnessed an archery match between two clubs of
young ladies. The affair was an event of considera-
ble importance, and the band attached to the barracks
was in attendance. The young ladies were dressed
in archery costume, and handled their bows exceed-
ingly well. At the conclusion of the trial of skill,
the ship's company cheered the victors. As they were
about to depart, the young ladies expressed a desire
to see more of the visitors, and Mr. Kennedy, the
doctor's friend, introduced the parties. The band
played for half an hour longer, and the officers and
crew made themselves as agreeable as possible.
The young Americans were as gay and gallant as
the occasion required, and Mr. Lowington soon found
that the discipline of his party was becoming im-
paired. The young ladies, their fathers and mothers,
were inviting the officers and seamen to dinner, until
there was hardly one of them who had not asked
the captain's permission to accept. Captain Gordon
applied to the principal for advice, Mr. Lowington
was in doubt ; but it was so long since any of the ship'sr
YOUNG AMERICA IN IRELAND AND SCOTLAND. 1^5
company had entered a dwelling-house, or mingled
with tlie society of ladies, that he was unwilling to
deny the requests. He thought that the visits would
do them good, and afford them an opportunity to
observe the society of the better class of people.
These courtesies required something at the hands
of the representatives of the school, and Mr. Lowington
immediately arranged an excursion in the ship for
Monday. The boatswain, at the captain's order, piped
the crew together, and they were instructed to accept
the invitations. The excursion for Monday was an-
nounced, and they were directed to invite the whole
family where they were entertained to participate.
The boats would take off the guests at Queen's Bridge
at eight in the morning.
The students were delighted ; and just then all of
them believed Mr. Lowington was the best man in
the world. They divided into little parties, and went
to the houses of their new-found friends. They w^ere
very generously entertained, and we doubt not their
accounts of their native land, their descriptions of the
ship, the voyage, and their travels in Ireland, were
as interesting to their hosts as the young ladies them-
selves were to the American tars. In the mean time,
Mr. Lowington and the professors had been invited
to dine at the Ulster Club House with Mr. Kennedy
and others ; and of course their friends, including sev-
eral officers of the army, were invited to join the
At nine o'clock, the hour fixed for the return of the
students to the boats, most of them had reported, and
â€¢ none of them were far behind the time. Nothing but
176 SHAMROCK AND THISTLE, OR
the excursion and the " splendid time " they had had
on shore was talked about among the ship's company.
Sunday v/as rainy, but Monday opened bright and
favorable for the guests. At eight o'clock the boats