Orramel Hinckley Gulick.

The pilgrims of Hawaii; their own story of their pilgrimage from New England and life work in the Sandwich Islands, now known as Hawaii; online

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express order of Kaaliumanu and Kaumualii, the idols
which had been laid aside and not destroyed, were brought
forth and burned. In the windward part of Hawaii one
hundred and two idols were committed to the flames in
one day by their command.

August 11, 1822. Sabbath. A peculiarly interesting
day. Mr. Ellis preached in the morning to a very full
house, the king and queen being present. At the opening
of the service the marriage of Thomas Hopu to Delia, a
promising native woman who has been instructed in the
family of Mr. Thurston and who gives some evidence of
loving the gospel, was publicly solemnized, the ceremony
being conducted by Mr. Bingham in the Hawaiian lan-
guage. Agreeable to the practice in the Society Islands
the parties subscribed their names to the following note
in a blank book provided for the purpose, together with
the witnesses, as follows :

MARRIED BY REV. H. BINGHAM,
AUGUST 11, 1822:

Daniel Tyerman m .

George Bennet Thomas Hopu

James Kahuhu

This is, doubtless, the first Christian marriage ever
celebrated in these Islands.

Translation of the first recorded Hawaiian letters, from
King Liholiho to a chief of Huahine, Society Islands:

Hawaii, August 16, 1822.
Mahine :

I will now make a communication to you. I have com-
passion towards you on account of your son's dying. My
love to you with all the chiefs of all your islands.

I now serve the God of you and of us. We are now
learning to read and write.



98 THE PILGRIMS OF HAWAII

When I shall become skillful in learning I will then
go and see you.

May you be saved by Jesus Christ.

Liholiho Kamehameha II.

August 22, 1822. The cutter Mermaid sailed with the
Deputation that came from Tahiti, Messrs. Ellis, Tyer-
man, and Bennet having made a very opportune, accept-
able and useful visit of four months. Before they left
Mr. Ellis was invited by Kaumualii and other chiefs to
bring his family and settle in these Islands.

August 31, 1822. Three hundred persons are now
learning to read on Maui.

Sept. 1, 1822. For the last two months from three hun-
dred to four hundred natives have attended the Sunday
Chapel Services.

Captain Elias Grimes, of the brig Owy-
hee, writes that the chiefs of the Northwest have heard
of the work of the missionaries to Hawaii and the chief
Skitegates wishes to visit the Islands, and put his family
under the instruction of the missionaries. How pathetic
the desire for the light that had but begun to send its
rays 2000 to 3000 miles over the ocean waves.

Nov. SO, 1822. Captain Chamberlain returned from
Kauai having erected a house for Mr. Whitney and
family at Waimea, Kauai.

Feb. 4, 1828. Eev. Mr. Ellis, wife and four children,
accompanied by three Tahitian teachers with their wives,
have arrived from Tahita by the schooner Active, Captain
Charlton, to assist us in our missionary work. Mr. Ellis
preached at once in the Tahitian language and was affec-
tionately received into fellowship. Mr. Ellis brought
letters from the Agents of the London Missionary Society,
Messrs. Tyerman and Bennet.

Feb. 28, 1823. The Hawaiian Clerical Association has
been founded by the ordained missionaries. Mr. Samuel
Whitney, who left his college course at Yale to come with
the first company to the Islands, was examined and or-



JOURNALS AND LETTERS, 1822-1828 99

dained to the gospel ministry. At about this time Cap-
tain D. Chamberlain left with his wife and six children
for return to the United States, having with them the
warmest sympathy and full concurrence of their associates.

April 27, 1823. The ship Thames arrived this day
from Boston bringing the first reinforcement to the mis-
sion, consisting of Rev. Wm. Richards and wife, Rev.
Charles S. Stewart and wife, Rev. A. Bishop and wife,
Mr. and Mrs. James Ely, Mr. and Mrs. Goodrich, Dr.
and Mrs. Blatchley, and Mr. Levi Chamberlain. A col-
ored woman, Miss Betsey Stockton, also accompanied Mr.
and Mrs. Stewart.

May 18, 18 '23. The missionaries were requested to con-
duct prayers at the Palace. Rev. Ellis opened this
service. 1

June 26, 1823. Messrs. Ellis, Bingham, and L. Cham-
berlain visited the high chief Kalanimoku to review with
him nineteen or twenty hymns that had been written in the
Hawaiian language, principally by Mr. Ellis. These met
Kalanimoku's hearty approval. There are on Oahu at
this time several Tahitian teachers who were accompany-
ing Mr. Ellis en route to the Marquesas, but were landed
by the Captain at Honolulu. One of these valuable
Tahitian teachers was Auna.

Keopuolani, one of the widows of Kamehameha I,
mother of Liholiho and Kauikeaouli, became an earnest
follower of the teachings of the missionaries and was
baptized by Mr. Ellis at Lahaina in September 16,
1823. She died the same day and was buried with
Christian services led by Mr. Ellis who preached from
the text: "Blessed are the dead that die in the Lord."
The funeral was attended by a large concourse of

i This service, commenced by Mr. Ellis, was continued for
twenty years, by one or another of the members of the mission, lead-
ing at a stated time of day, and on a designated day of the week.



100 THE PILGRIMS OF HAWAII

people who manifested their great love and affection
for this distinguished chiefess, the first baptized Chris-
tian of the race.

In a letter from the Mission of October 23, 1823,
we find the following:

Plain, humble, comfortable dwellings, and food, with the
means of imparting instruction most advantageously to
the nation, is all the pecuniary aid we expect or desire
from the churches or the Board. These, together with
the prayers and counsels and kind influence of our friends,
we need in order to prosecute our work at all. We need
them to promote cheerfulness and vigor to perform our
itinerating tours on foot, to preach in every district and
cottage and village, to study and master this rude lan-
guage, to translate and publish the Scriptures, to perform
no small share of domestic labor and, at the same time,
to teach 150,000 rude natives all the arts and duties of
social and civilized life from the a. b. c. of the language
to the highest possible attainments.

King Liholiho, while paying external respect to the
missionaries and making some effort to learn to read,
led a reckless, dissipated life. Once a missionary-
visited him and after much entreaty the king made
the following promise : "Five years and I will become
a good man." In 1823 he conceived the idea of visit-
ing England and, though the chiefs used every effort
to dissuade him, he was immovable. The main reason
for his going was love for roaming. An extract from
the Mission Journal, Honolulu, Nov. 27, 1823, tells
of his departure, as follows:

This has been an interesting day to the people, one
which will doubtless be memorable in the history of the
nation. About 10 o'clock A. M. the king took an affec-



JOURNALS AND LETTERS, 1822-1828 101

tionate leave of his people, leaving the wharf in the boats
of the L'Aigle, and accompanied by his favorite wife
Kamamalu, Governor Boki and his wife Liliha, Kaihi-
kukui, Kekuanaoa, and Manuia, amidst the wailing of the
multiude that thronged the shore, and the roaring of
cannon, embarked for London on board the L'Aigle which
was standing off and on at the mouth of the harbor.
Two of the five wives which the king had when the Mis-
sion arrived he has put away, as we suppose, some time
since, and two of the three remaining he has left behind.
The government of the Islands and the public business of
the king, he has left in the hands of Kalanimoku and
Kaahumanu, and nominated Kauikeouli, his little brother,
to be his successor in case he should not return. Under
the steady management of those to whom the government
is left, we apprehend no embarrassment to the cause of
the mission in consequence of the absence of the king
and queen for though the king has been decidedly a
patron to the mission, yet his loose habits have never
ceased to have an opposite tendency. We cannot but hope
the effects of this singular and unlooked-for enterprise
of the king will be salutary on his own mind and man-
ners and on the general improvement of the nation and,
in some way, facilitate the work of the Mission. The
prospect of this would have appeared to us, however, much
more fair had Mr. Ellis been allowed to accompany the
king as an interpreter and guide, instead of the man
whom the captain seems to have chosen in his stead.

Jan. 1 182 If. We are happy to notice that Kaikioeva
sent back to us today from Lahaina Mr. Whitney's trunk
and most of its contents, which had been stolen on the
28th of November. The young prince, Kauikeouli,
caused his kahu, his chief steward, to be removed and
discarded because he encouraged stealing, lest, as he said,
he should himself be chargeable with that fault. Opiia,
who was one of the wives of the late Kamehameha, as
she sat at tea with the family some days since, said she
had in her possession a large silver spoon with the initials



102 THE PILGRIMS OF HAWAII

of Mrs. Bingham's name, which she had deciphered on
the handle. It had been stolen from Mrs. Bingham
nearly two years ago. Opiia said she received it from
one of her women who had it from a boy. She sent im-
mediately for it and very cheerfully restored it.

Jan. 12, 1824. The brethren and sisters, Messrs.
Buggies and Goodrich and their wives, who were as-
signed to the station at Hilo were desirous to proceed and
no one would be responsible for their detention provided
a conveyance could be obtained. A meeting was called
to consider the expediency of chartering a small schooner,
under the command of Mr. Hunnewell, which, it was soon
ascertained, might be obtained for the purpose of trans-
porting the detachment, with their effects, for one hun-
dred dollars. Before noon it was unanimously resolved
to charter the schooner and make immediate preparations
for their embarkation for Hilo.

April 15, 1824. A letter has been received by the
brethren from Messrs. Thurston, Bishop, and Ely, from
Kailua giving the pleasing intelligence that Kamakau, an
active chief at Kaawaloa, had applied to them for Chris-
tian baptism and had given them satisfactory evidence
of a radical, saving change of heart, which, in their view,
rendered it suitable, with our consent, to propound him
for admission to the church. Kapiolani, also, they repre-
sent as in a very interesting state of mind, but does not
offer herself as a candidate for baptism because, as she
says, she is too wicked yet, but hopes to be better by
and by.

Extract from a letter dated Hilo, Dec. 17, 1824.

Friday. This morning we heard that Kapiolani was
on her way to visit the volcano and spend the Sabbath
there. We thought it expedient that one of us should
go up there and spend the Sabbath with her. Mr.
Buggies being destitute of shoes it was thought advisable
for Mr. Goodrich to go. About eleven o'clock A. M.



JOURNALS AND LETTERS, 1822-1828 103

he set out and arrived at the volcano about three P. M.
on Saturday. Not finding Kapiolani there Mr. Goodrich
spent the Sabbath with a company of her people, whom
she had taught to regard the day by resting from their
labors. They were there building a house for her accom-
modation when she should arrive. Mr. Goodrich preached
to the people from Matthew iv : 17. Kapiolani did not ar-
rive until Tuesday noon of the twenty-first, having too great
a regard for the Sabbath to travel on that day. She is,
doubtless, the most zealous advocate of any of the chiefs
for the spread of the gospel among the inhabitants of
these islands. On arriving at the house prepared for her,
her first request was to have Mr. Goodrich select a hymn
and lead in prayer. This was a pleasant and happy sea-
son. The next day, Wednesday, Dec. 22, after attending
family worship and breakfast, Kapiolani and attendants,
about fifty in all, accompanied by Mr. Goodrich, began to
descend into the crater. The descent, about four hundred
feet, is quite steep, then for a considerable distance it is
more gradual. Kapiolani and most of her company de-
scended to the ledge, which is from a few feet to a mile
wide and extends nearly around the crater about five
hundred feet from the top. Below the ledge is a descent
of three hundred or four hundred feet, still more difficult
in consequence of so many chasms in the lava which, in
many places, is broken off and fallen down. Upon the
brink of the ledge, above mentioned, the whole party sat
down and Kapiolani addressed them, saying: "Jehovah
is my God he kindled these fires, I fear not Pele." She
then ate some of the ohelo berries, which were considered
sacred to the goddess Pele and tabu to women. Then,
at her request, they united in singing and one of her
attendants led in prayer.

We return to Extracts from the Missionary Journal,
Honolulu:

March 9 f 1825. The whale ship Almira arrived in the
roads this morning and the report was circulated that the



104 THE PILGRIMS OF HAWAII

king and queen were dead. Mr. Bingham and Mr.
Chamberlain hastened on board to ascertain, if possible,
whether the unwelcome rumor was well founded or not.
The letters of the Corresponding Secretary in Boston
assured us of the death of Queen Kamamalu and papers
received from the ship Peru, in the course of the day,
fully confirmed the distressing fact that both the king
and queen of the Sandwich Islands were dead. The in-
quiry arises at once what will be the effect on the nation.
As soon as it was communicated to Kalanimoku he wrote
a note announcing it to Kaahumanu and Opiia at Mona
and they returned him answer immediately, encouraging
him to pray with the heart to God that He might show
mercy. At Kalanimoku's request the chiefs came down
from Manoa and in a consultation concluded to send
letters forthwith to the chiefs on the other islands, ap-
prizing them of the sorrowful event, and giving them
their official advice.

March 10, 1825. Kalanimoku and Kaahumanu dic-
tated letters to the chiefs stating the principal facts,
charging them to keep the people quiet, to direct their
prayers and thoughts to the God of Heaven and to wait
for their orders to assemble in a common council for
the good of the nation. The letters 'being copied in a
fair hand by Mr. Levi Chamberlain, Kauikeouli, and the
two administrators of the government, who dictated them,
signed them with their own hands, and Opiia was sent
with them to Maui and Hawaii. At her departure we
joined with them in prayers at the house of Kalanimoku.
It being thought desirable for Mr. Chamberlain to visit
stations at Lahaina and Kailua, he sailed with Opiia.

May 6, 1825. At sunrise the frigate Blonde, com-
manded by Lord Byron, a cousin of the poet, and which
had been some time looked for with solicitude, appeared
off Diamond Head, having on board the bodies of the
king and queen and the remainder of the party that
sailed in the L'Aigle. Four of the number have been
cut off by death. Kapihee, who was called in England



JOURNALS AND LETTERS, 1822-1828 105

the Admiral, died at Valparaiso on their return. The
Blonde came to anchor in the roads about nine o'clock
and fired a salute of fourteen guns, and was answered
by the same number from the fort and battery. About
eleven o'clock Governor Boki and his party landed at the
king's wharf. The chiefs had assembled at Kaahumanu's
house to receive them. As they stepped from the boat,
Hinau, the commander of the fort, dressed in uniform,
took the hand of Boki and one of us the hand of Madame
Boki. In the meantime Kaahumanu and a few others
advanced slowly and the two parties approached within
two or three yards of each other and as their eyes met
they stopped and lifted up their voices and wept. The
scene was to us exceedingly affecting. Governor Boki
stood and, with strong emotion, raised his hands and eyes
toward heaven and wept with a loud voice. Remaining
at a little distance for some minutes, while floods of tears
rolled down their faces, the parties met and embraced
each other in the warmest manner, while the guns of
the fort made them welcome, then proceeded slowly to-
ward the house, interrupted at every step by friends suc-
cessively saluting those whom they rejoice to see safely
returned, while the sad events of their tour seemed to
overwhelm them all with grief. They clasped each other
in their arms, hung on each other's necks, touched noses
and kissed each other until they were nearly exhausted.
Scarcely a word was exchanged between them for half
an hour. After this burst of feeling was over the principal
facts that had occurred during the separation were briefly
touched upon and when they had spent nearly a half
hour about the doors and in the rooms of Kaahumanu's
house, they retired to the chapel to present their offerings
to the Lord. Governor Boki met his brother Kalanimoku
at his own house, who received him cordially without
noise and accompanied him to the church, which was filled
to overflowing. A hymn was sung, an appropriate pas-
sage of Scripture was read and a prayer offered. Gov-
ernor Boki, by request, made some remarks and very



106 THE PILGRIMS OF HAWAII

distinctly recommended the religion of the Bible and
manifested a serious desire to observe it himself. The
interesting exercise was closed with prayer. Dr. Davis,
the surgeon of the Blonde, who had been sent by Lord
Byron to see Kalanimoku, who is ill, called very kindly
on the family and by request prescribed for the case of
Mr. Bingham's child, who is quite low. In the afternoon,
by request of Kalanimoku and Boki, Mr. Bingham ad-
dressed a note to Lord Byron to assure him of their kind
regards and to request him to favor them with his com-
pany on shore tomorrow, as the present was a time of
great sympathy among their friends. Had a pleasant
interview with Boki in the evening. He says the King
of England, George IV, with whom he was honored with
a personal interview, told him to take good care of the
missionaries for they were sent to teach the nation the
good word of God and to enlighten them and do them
good.

May 7, 1825. Agreeable to arrangement Lord Byron
and the scientific gentleman of the frigate Blonde landed
in the early part of the day under a salute and were pre-
sented at court. They were introduced by Boki and Mr.
Charlton to the Eegent Kalanimoku, to the young King
Kauikeouli, to the young princess, and to the old Queen
Kaahumanu, and the other chiefs, all assembled and ar-
ranged in order in a neatly thatched hall about fifty feet
in length. At the head sat the young king and his
sister upon a sofa, with several superb kahilis poised
near them. On their right down the side of the hall were
seated the high chief women and on the left in like
manner the chief men of the nation. A little in front
of the center of this line sat Kalanimoku with his in-
terpreters and Christian teachers. All were dressed in
European fashion. As Lord Byron, and the officers of
the Blonde, including several young noblemen, the scien-
tific gentleman and the chaplain were introduced, those
who were assembled to receive them all rose respectfully,
except the young King and the young Princess. When



JOURNALS AND LETTERS, 1822-1828 107

they were made acquainted with the different individuals,
Lord Byron delivered the presents from the King of
England, a gold watch, and a likeness in wax of Liholiho
to Kalanimoku, a silver tea pot to Kaahumanu, and a
full suit of royal Windsor uniform, with hat and sword,
to Kauikeouli, which were delivered to him by the hands
of two young noblemen. They weie much gratified with
these tokens of respect and kindness from King George
IV, and expressed their thanks. Kalanimoku said to
Lord Byron, "I am made very happy by your coming to
this country, and by your kindness toward us." Lord
Byron said he was very happy to have this service to
perform for his King and country, and that he desired
only to show them kindness. Kalanimoku proposed, if
agreeable to Lord Byron, they would now have prayers
together, to which he cheerfully assented and one of the
missionaries being called upon offered a prayer suited
to the occasion, partly in English and partly in the
Hawaiian language. Lord Byron spoke in respectful terms
of what had been achieved by the Mission, and when he
had put the royal uniform upon the young King led him
to Kalanimoku and Kaahumanu, expressing his sincere
desire that he might attend well to the instructions of the
missionaries and become wise and good.

May 8, 1825. Lord Byron before leaving the islands
sailed for Hilo, caused that bay to be surveyed and visited
and explored the great volcano of Kilauea. His uni-
formly kind and honorable deportment made a deep and
favorable impression on the chiefs and people in favor
of the Christian religion.

June 8, 1825. Last Sabbath at a meeting of the church
and congregation, after the various public services of the
former part of the day, ten persons, including several
chiefs of the first rank, made a full declaration of their
desire to be numbered among the disciples of Christ.
Among these were three sisters, Kaahumanu, Kaniau, and
Opiia, honorable women, wives of the celebrated Kame-
hameha, the present Regent, Kalanimoku, Kapule, lately



108 THE PILGRIMS OF HAWAII

the Queen of Kaui, Kapiolani, the interesting wife of
Naihe, Kealiiahonui, the son of the late King Kaumualii,
Laanui, the husband of Opiia, Kalu, the husband of
Kapule, and Kichard Kalaalulu, from the Foreign Mis-
sion School. They are therefore propounded for entrance
to the church after three or four months further instruc-
tion and trial, if they continue faithful.

July 17, 1825. Kalanimoku desirous that the new
meeting house should be opened for public religious wor-
ship on the approaching Sabbath, and having given orders
to the carpenters to hang the doors, set in the windows,
and fit up the seats, came up this afternoon, though still
feeble from the effects of his recent illness, attended by
Opiia, Kekauluohi, and a great concourse of people to>
view the house, and give directions about spreading the
mats. With the exception of Kalanimoku, the whole
company set off after rushes and grass to strew over the
house, previously to putting down the mats. It was in-
teresting to see several of the highest chiefs in the nation
following one after another with burdens of grass, pre-
senting their free-will offerings of labor to forward the
work. All united cheerfully and seemed to experience
a high degree of satisfaction in according assistance. The
house is commodious and will accommodate a large audi-
ence; the dimensions within the posts are seventy feet by
twenty-five; the pulpit is at the north end, on each side
of which is a door, one for the entrance of the chiefs,
the other for the mission family. The building is sur-
rounded by a strong, high stick fence, one hundred and
twenty-five feet by one hundred and fifty-five and the
enclosure is to be planted with bananas, sugar cane, etc.

July 20, 1825. Kalanimoku, with his attendants, form-
ing considerable of a company, came up to visit his new
house situated contiguous to that of Mr. Ellis, which he
has been building in modern style at considerable expense
and which is now nearly finished, and proposing to tarry
in it during the night he asked Mr. Ellis if it would not
be well to have prayers there. Mr. Ellis, pleased at



JOURNALS AND LETTERS, 1822-1828 109

having an opportunity of directing his thought to the
true God, most readily answered in the affirmative and,
having made known the fact to the brethren at the Mis-
sion House, invited their attendance. Happy we all were
to see this highest chief in the nation so ready to have
erected in his new habitation an altar of praise to that
God of whom his fathers were ignorant.

Oct. 21, 1825. A most important question was dis-
cussed at the last General Meeting, namely: the letters
to be used in writing this Hawaiian language and the
sounds to be represented by the various letters. Uni-
formity of usage being most desirable. By vote of the
Mission the number of letters was fixed at twelve,
namely, a, e, i, o, u, h, k, 1, m, n, p, w, giving them the
Italian sound.

Mr. Bingham has begun a translation of the Gospel
of Matthew and it is hoped that by Divine aid he may
be able to complete the translation of the New Testa-
ment in the course of a year, if other labors do not
prevent. He has finished in a manner the first chapter
today, having spent a little time on it almost daily for
the last three weeks, comparing the Latin, English, and



Online LibraryOrramel Hinckley GulickThe pilgrims of Hawaii; their own story of their pilgrimage from New England and life work in the Sandwich Islands, now known as Hawaii; → online text (page 7 of 25)