" With malice toward none, with charity for all, with
firmness in the right, as God gives us to see the right, let
us strive on to finish the work we are in ; to bind up the
nation's wounds ; to care for him who shall have borne
the battle, and for his widow and for his orphan ; to do
all which may achieve and cherish a just and lasting
peace among ourselves, and with all nations."
s REMARKS ON THE FALL OF RICHMOND.
REMARKS UPON THE FALL OF
WE meet this evening not in sorrow, but in gladness
of heart. The evacuation of Petersburg and Richmond,
and the surrender of the principal insurgent army, give
hope of a righteous and speedy peace, whose joyous
expression cannot be restrained. In the midst of this,
however, He from whom all blessings flow must not be
forgotten. Nor must those whose harder part give us
the cause of rejoicing be overlooked ; their honors must
not be parceled out with others. I myself was near the
front, and had the high pleasure of transmitting much
of the good news to you ; but no part of the honor, for
plan or execution, is mine. To General Grant, his skill-
ful officers and brave men, all belongs.
LAWRENCE BARRETT NEAL DOW. 373
'"OESIDES .... he hath borne his faculties so meek,
-U Hath been so clean in his great office
That his virtues will plead like angels, trumpet-tongued,
Against the deep damnation of his taking off.
And Pity, like a naked, new-born babe, striding the blast,
Or Heaven's cherubim, horsed on the sightless couriers oi
Shall blow the horrid deed in every eye,
That tears shall drown the wind."
I BE LI EVE in Divine inspiration for good, and that
God sometimes intervenes in the affairs of man.
Abraham Lincoln, in my view, was charged with a Divine
mission, which he executed wisely and well, and is justly
entitled to the reverence, gratitude and love of all loyal
citizens of our great republic.
374 A VERBAL MESSAGE.
A VERBAL MESSAGE GIVEN BY MR. LIN-
COLN TO HON. SCHUYLER COLFAX,
FOR THE MINERS OF THE
APRIL 14, 1865.
MR. COLFAX : I want you to take a message from
me to the miners whom you visit. I have very large
ideas of the mineral wealth of our nation. I believe it
practically inexhaustible. It abounds all over the
western country, from the Rocky Mountains to the Pa-
cific, and its development has scarcely commenced.
During the war, when we were adding a couple of millions
of dollars every day to our national debt, I did not care
about encouraging the increase in the volume of our
precious metals. We had the country to save first.
But, now that the rebellion is overthrown, and we know
pretty nearly the amount of our national debt, the more
gold and silver we mine makes the payment of that debt
so much the easier. Now, I am going to encourage that
in every possible way. We shall have hundreds of
thousands of disbanded soldiers, and many have feared
that their return home in such great numbers might
paralyze industry by furnishing suddenly a greater supply
of labor than there will be a demand for. I am going to
try and attract them to the hidden wealth of our mountain
ranges, where there is room enough for all. Immigration,
which even the war has not stopped, will land upon our
A VERBAL MESSAGE. 375
shores hundreds of thousands more per year, from over-
crowded Europe. I intend to point them to the gold
and silver that waits for them in the West. Tell the
miners from me that I shall promote their interests to the
utmost of my ability, because their prosperity is the pros-
perity of the nation ; and we shall prove, in a very few
years, that we are, indeed, the treasury of the world.
Mr. Lincoln went to the opera, saying: " People may
think strange of it, but I must have some relief from this
terrible anxiety, or it will kill me."
APRIL I4TH, 1865.
[Fac-simile 9f Theatrical Programme of the night of President Lincoln's Assassination.']
TENTH STREET, WASHINGTON, D. 0.
FRIDAY EVENING, APRIL 14th, 1865.
the performance will be honored by the presence of
Benefit and last night of MISS
The distinguished Manageress, Authoress and Actress, supported by
Mr. JOHN DYOTT and Mr. HARRY HAWK.
Tom Taylor's celebrated Eccentric Comedy as originally produced in
America by Miss Keene, and performed by her upwards of
ONE THOUSAND NIGHTS
OUR AMERICAN COUSIN.
FLORENCE TRENCHARD ...................... Miss LAURA KEENE.
Abel Murcott ....................... ...................... John Dyott.
Asa Trenchard ...... ....................................... Harry Hawk.
Sir Edward Trenchard ................................. T. C. Gourlay.
Lord Dundreary .......................................... E. A. Emerson.
MT. Coyle, Attorney. ... ......................... .......... J. Mathews.
Lieut. Yernon, R. N ..................................... W. J. Ferguson.
Captain De Boots ........................ .................. C. Byrnes.
Binney .......................................... ....... - - G. G. Spear.
Buddicomb. a valet ........................................ J. H. Evans.
John Whicker, a gardner ......... , ........................ J. L. De Bonay
Rasper, a groom .............................................. -
Bailiffs .................... . .......... . G. A. Parkhurst and L Johnson.
Mary Trenchard ...................... .................. Miss J. Gourlay.
Mrs. Mountchessington ....................... .......... Mrs. H. Muzzey.
Aiigusta ....................................... ..... Miss H. Truman.
Georgiana. ............................................. Miss M. Hart.
Sharpe..... ........... ............................. Mrs. J. H. Evans.
Skillet .................................. , .............. Miss M. Gourlay.
THE PRICES OF ADMISSION :
Orchestra, ......... , ......... $1 00 I Dress Circle and Parquette, $ 75
Family Circle ............... 25 | Private Boxes, ... $6 00 and $10 00
J. R. FORD, Business Manager.
H. POLKINHOKN & SOK, Printers, Washington, D. C.
MARTIN L. D'OOGE CHARLES A. DANA. 377
ABRAHAM LINCOLN is the purest man of the
JL\ people known to history. In his public career he
was as incorruptible as Aristides the Just, as sagacious as
William the Silent, as brave as Cromwell, and as unselfish
as Codrus the Athenian, who fell in the forefront of the
battle, that by the sacrifice of his life he might be the
preserver of his country.
UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN, 1880.
HE was a patriot and a wise man. The fundamental
ideas of the American republican system con-
trolled his mind and dictated his action. His wisdom
carried the United States safely through the war of
secession and abolished slavery. His death was a
calamity for the country, but it left his fame without a
fault or criticism.
NEW YORK, 1881.
378 ALEXANDER H. RICE.
PERHAPS no quality in the character of the late
President Lincoln was more conspicuous or more
engaging than his broad and deep humanity the interest
he felt in every human being and the unostentatious
and beautiful manifestations of it which were visible to all
who had intercourse with him.
No person of much sentiment or sensibility ever
looked into his wonderful eyes without feeling the spell
which they exerted, or without knowing that they
were the windows through which a great soul was
looking upon the problems of life and the actors in them,
with a calm, philosophic and loving sympathy. This was
one of the secrets of the magical power of Lincoln's
He was mirthful, talkative and sad by turns ; fond of
superficial anecdotes, and invented and used them at con-
venience or pleasure, to furnish amusement, to parry a
bore, or to point an argument. He was familiar and
companionable in ordinary intercourse, always neglectful
of assuming any unreal dignity, and apparently uncon-
scious of the greatness of his office, except only the great-
ness of its responsibilities. To a casual observer, he
was homely in person and awkward in manners ; and yet
he was a man with whom no one could presume to trifle,
and before whom, even in his playful moods, every one
was impressed by his greatness of spirit.
We have had no man in our history like Lincoln in his
leading characteristics, and they cannot be imitated. He
ALEXANDER H. RICE. 379
had not much of the serene and contemplative gravity
which belongs to our traditional Washington ; none of
the imperious personality of Jackson ; none of the win-
some and chivalric dash of Henry Clay ; none of the
ponderous eloquence of Webster, and but little of that
polite learning which gives high ornament to literature
and statesmanship ; but he had a subtle and comprehen-
sive intellect, wonderful power of intuition, and a trans-
parency of soul through which the truth shone into affairs
and gave them an interpretation almost divine.
Nobody ever feared that Lincoln would do a mean or
wrong thing ; no one dreaded a foolish thing from him ;
and the country came, finally, to expect from him the
wisest and best that could be done in every case and on
It is doubtful if any man born and reared under the
civilization of the older States could ever have become a
characteristic Lincoln. To produce him the rough sim-
plicity of frontier life was necessary ; its needs, its priva-
tions, its efforts, its self-reliance that whole sphere of
experience in which the daily life, though simple, is yet
full of problems such as can be, and must be, solved ; and
which are but the epitome of those larger problems
which, later on, demand the strongest and most versatile
powers in their solution. In that simple life the 'facts
and uses of knowledge, rather than its verbiage, are ac-
quired and appreciated ; all the faculties are quickened
and toughened a more quiet contact with nature is en-
joyed ; and out of that contact often comes the con-
sciousness of a mysterious Power greater than nature,
between which and men a communion more or less
380 ALEXANDER H. RICE.
palpable is possible, a communion which gives to human
actions the elements of dignity and power that extend far
above and beyond the realm and the period of earthly
existence. Lincoln was a man of profound spirituality.
All this, and much that might be added, was essential to
the development of a man like Abraham Lincoln.
But I intended to speak especially and almost wholly
of the humanity of Lincoln of his love for the whole
race of men, and of his sympathy with individuals in their
trials and distresses. Passing by those great public acts,
his Proclamation of Emancipation and the like, which have
become historic, and which have modified the laws and
institutions and even the civilization of the country, let
me give a few personal incidents which have never been
While officially resident in Washington, during the
late war, I once had occasion to call upon President
Lincoln with the late Senator Henry Wilson, upon an er-
rand of a public nature in which we were mutually inter-
ested. In the recognized order of precedence a member
of the House of Representatives, as I then was, could not
times of pressure for audience with the President gain
admittance so long as there were Cabinet Ministers,
members of the Diplomatic Corps, Senators or Justices
of the Supreme Court desiring audience with him, and
all civilians must wait their opportunity until after
members of Congress and officers of the Army and Navy,
and of the Civil Service and others, had had their turns
respectively. Having a joint errand with Senator Wilson,
I could avail of his privilege of earlier admission ; but we
were obliged to wait some time in the anteroom before
ALEXANDER H. RICE. 381
we could be received, and when at length the door was
opened to us, a small lad, perhaps ten or twelve years old,
who had been waiting for admission several days without
success, slipped in between us, and approached the Pres-
ident in advance. The latter gave the Senator and
myself a cordial but brief salutation, and turning im-
mediately to the lad, said: "And who is the little boy?"
During their conference the Senator and myself were ap-
parently forgotten. The boy soon told his story, which
was in substance that he had come to Washingtoh seek-
ing employment as a page in the House of Representa-
tives, and he wished the President to give him such an
appointment. To this the President replied that such
appointments were not at his disposal, and that applica-
tion must be made to the door-keeper of the House at
the Capitol. " But, sir," said the lad, still undaunted,
" I am a good boy, and have a letter from my mother,
and one from the supervisors of my town, and one from
my Sunday-school teacher, and they all told me that I
could earn enough in one session of Congress to keep my
mother and the rest of us comfortable all the remainder
of the year." The President took the lad's papers, and
ran his eye over them with that penetrating and absorb-
ing look so familiar to all who knew him, and then took
his pen and wrote upon the back of one of them : " If
Captain Goodnow can give a place to this good little
boy, I s'hall be gratified," and signed it " A. Lincoln."
The boy's face became radiant with hope, and he
walked out of the room with a step as light as though
all the angels were whispering their congratulations.
Only after the lad had gone did the President seem
382 ALEXANDER H. RICE.
to realize that a Senator and another person had been
some time waiting to see him.
Think for a moment of the President of a great
nation, and that nation engaged in one of the most
terrible wars ever waged among men, himself worn down
with anxiety and labor, subjected to the alternations of
success and defeat, racked by complaints of the envious,
the disloyal and the unreasonable, pressed to the decision
of grave questions of public policy, and encumbered by the
numberless and nameless incidents of civil and martial
responsibility, yet able so far to forget them all as to
give himself up for the time being to the errand of a little
boy who had braved an interview uninvited, and of whom
he knew nothing, but that he had a story to tell of his
widowed mother, and of his ambition to serve her.
On another occasion I had an interview with Presi-
dent Lincoln on behalf of a captain in one of our
Massachusetts regiments, a brave man, who, after most
valiant service, had been captured by the rebels, and was
then held a prisoner at Richmond. I asked that he
might be exchanged. The President replied with much
kindness that such cases were so numerous that he could
not deal with them individually, but must classify and
decide them in considerable numbers. This was obvi-
ously so true as scarcely to admit of reply ; yet I ventured
to say that if he could but hear this case, I thought it so
remarkable that he would be glad to make it an excep-
tion. " Well, state it," he said, and I did so ; and im-
mediately on my closing, the President said, " I wish you
would go over to the War Department and tell Gen.
that story, just as you have told it to me, and say
ALEXANDER H. RICE. 383
from me that if it be possible for him to effect the ex-
change of Captain without compromising the cases
of other prisoners of his rank, I wish him to do so."
" But," I said, " for a technical misdemeanor Captain
has, since his capture, been deprived of his com-
mission and reduced to the ranks, and probably the
rebels will not exchange him for a private soldier."
"Well," said the President, "if Gen. raises that
point, say to him that if he can arrange the exchange
part, I can take care of the rank part, and I will do so."
The captain was in Washington in about ten days after-
Again, a boy from one of the country towns of Mas-
sachusetts, who had entered a store in Boston, and be-
come dazzled by the apparent universal distribution of
wealth, without any definite idea of how it was acquired,
fell into the fault of robbing his employer's letters as he
took them to and from the post-office, and, having been
convicted of the offense, was serving out his sentence in
jail. The father of this boy came to Washington to ob-
tain a pardon for his son, and I accompanied him to the
White House and introduced him. A petition signed
by a large number of respectable citizens was presented.
The President put on his spectacles and stretched himself
at length upon his arm-chair while he deliberately read the
document, and then he turned to me and asked if I met
a man going down the stairs as I came up. I said that I
did. "Yes," said the President; "he was the last person
in this room before you came, and his errand was to get
a man pardoned out of the penitentiary ; and now you
have come to get a boy out of jail !" Then, with one cf
384 ALEXANDER H. RICE.
those bursts of humor which were both contagious and
irresistible, he said : " I'll tell you what it is, we must
abolish those courts, or they will be the death of us. I
thought it bad enough that they put so many men in the
penitentiaries for me to get out ; but if they have now
begun on the boys and the jails, and have roped you into
the delivery, let's after them ! And they deserve the
worst fate," he soon continued, "because, according to
the evidence that comes to me, they pick out the very
best men and send them to the penitentiary ; and this
present petition shows they are playing the same game
on the good boys, and sending them all to jail. The
man you met on the stairs affirmed that his friend in the
penitentiary is a most exemplary citizen, and Massa-
chusetts must be a happy State if her boys out of jail
are as virtuous as this one appears to be who is in.
Yes ; down with the courts and deliverance to their
victims, and then we can have some peace !"
During all this time the President was in a most
merry mood. Then his face assumed a sad and thought-
ful expression, and he proceeded to say that he could
quite understand how a boy from simple country life
might be overcome by the sight of universal abundance
in a large city, and by a full supply of money in the
pockets of almost everybody, and be led to commit even
such an offense as this one had done, and yet not be
justly put into the class of hopeless criminals ; and if he
could be satisfied that this was a case of that kind, and
that the boy would be placed under proper influences,
and probably saved from a bad career, he would be glad
to extend the clemency asked for. The father explained
ALEXANDER H. RICE. 385
his purpose in that respect, the Congressmen from the
State in which he belonged united in the petition, and the
boy was pardoned.
Such examples as these, varying in character, but
all springing from the same tender and noble qualities
of heart, might be multiplied almost indefinitely ; but
they all found culmination in that grandest utterance of
modern eloquence, at the consecration of the battle-field
of Gettysburg, when, the promptings of his soul having
summoned his intellect to the point of supreme exalta-
tion, he spoke to all mankind those words of patriotism,
admonition and pathos which will continue to sound
through the ages as long as the flowers shall bloom or
the waters flow.
3 86 A. A. E. TAYLOR H. Z. DA WES.
THE name of Abraham Lincoln will ever stand in
history and in the hearts of his own countrymen
beside the name of Washington. His genius, wisdom
and goodness saved the Union ; his great heart liberated
the slaves. Christian people believe he was raised up
by the divine Hand for the deliverance of the nation, and
guided in its accomplishment. In my humble judgment
his name is the greatest in American history.
UNIVERSITY OF WOOSTER, 1880.
ASHINGTON was the Father, and Lincoln the
Savior, of his Country.
I HAVE always had the greatest admiration for the
amiable, simple and honest traits of Mr. Lincoln's
character. I believe that, under the providence of God,
he was, next to Washington, the greatest instrument for
the preservation of the Union and the integrity of the
country ; and this was brought about chiefly through his
strict and faithful adherence to the Constitution of his
NEW YORK, 1880.
3 88 /. W. ANDREWS P. A. CHADBOURNE.
IN the revolutionary struggle George Washington was
raised up to be our great leader in the achievement
of national independence ; and in the rebellion Abraham
Lincoln was placed in the Presidential chair to preserve
the Union from dissolution and destruction. Each of
these great men seems to have been chosen of God -for
his special work, and the names of Washington and
Lincoln will forever be united in the memory and love
of the American people.
MARIETTA COLLEGE, 1880.
A BRAHAM LINCOLN was the man for the times ;
/IL and in the great work he accomplished for his
country, and in the cause of human rights, he has not
been surpassed by any of the greatest and best men of
M. F. BIGNEY. 389
IN the broadest and best sense of the term, Abraham
Lincoln was America's great " Commoner." Pos-
sibly he builded wiser than he knew, for while
" He carved his name on time as on a rock,
And stood thereon as on a monument,"
he was apparently unconscious as an infant-giant of his
own high possibilities. A patriot without pretense, and
a statesman by intuition, he could still descend to the
level of the humblest, ever ready with a jest to point a
moral, and with a story to confound a sophist.
At the time when bloody treason flourished and he
fell, the Southern people, unjustly accused of sympathy
with his assassin, were just beginning to appreciate his
sterling qualities and the wisdom of his acts. His death
was to the North a bereavement and a grief ; to the
South it was a dire calamity which hindered the consum-
mation of that "more perfect union" for which all good
people prayed ; and to-day the men and women of the
South, without distinction of race or color, cherish the
memory of the Martyr-President as that of a Deliverer.
J?e, whom the people honored; he, the wise,
Who fought for honor's prize;
He, whom the armies reverenced the good,
Who every lure withstood;
He, whom the ransomed worshiped; HE, the blest,
Has gone to his great rest!
M. F. BIGNEY.
When through, war's storm-cloud the fair silver light
Of peace appeared most bright,
Red-handed murder raised against his life
The pistol and the knife,
And HE, the great, the good, the nation's Chief
Fell, leaving all in grief.
NEW ORLEANS, 1881.
JAMES MARVIN C. M. MEAD. 391
A BRAHAM LINCOLN. AN AMERICAN, I
JL\ find all the characteristics of the ideal American
embodied in this great, good MAN. Coming ages alone
can properly estimate the value of his services to this
country and to human freedom in all lands.
NO other statesman in the world's history has ever
won from so many men their personal affection,
thorough confidence and enthusiastic admiration, as
ANDOVER THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY, 1880.
O. O. HOWARD.
I MET Mr. Lincoln several times during the war, and
always entertained for him feelings of confidence
and esteem, and finally of great personal affection. The
last time I saw him was in the fall after Gettysburg, at
the White House. It was just prior to my leaving the
Army of the Potomac for the West with a part of the
nth Corps. He gave me his map, which, being
" mounted," was in his judgment better than mine for
field service. This was after we had conversed for some
time upon the military situation in the vicinity of Knox-
ville and of Chattanooga, and just as I was about leaving
his room. I used the map thereafter, and have it still.
WEST POINT, 1882.
WILLIAM M'NEELY. 393
MY first acquaintance with Abraham Lincoln com-
menced on his arrival at New Salem, Sangamon
County, Illinois, on a flat-boat, about the year 1830, in
company with one Denton Offeit, who had a store.
Lincoln clerked for him some time, after which he went
to work at anything that could be found to do, such as
cutting and splitting rails, etc. He had worked but a
short time when he was appointed deputy-sheriff, and
after a time became county-surveyor under one Calhqun,
of Springfield, which business he followed for some time.
Lincoln was poor ; but it was soon discovered that he
possessed a very high order of intellect, and therefore