moan, grieve, lament. Mourned.
Mouse, s. [E. mus] a small animal
of the class rodentia.
Mouth, s. [E. muth~] the chewer, the
opening of the jaws, the opening of
the face by which an animal eats.
Mouth, v., to speak with much use
of the mouth. Mouthed.
Move, v. [Fr. mouvoir, L. mover i\
to change position, alter. Moved.
Move, s., a change of place, change.
Movement, s. [Fr. mouvement, L.
movere] a move, change.
Much, adj. [E. moche, softened form
of mycel\ of great quantity. See
Muffle, v. [Fr. mouffler, L. L.
muffula\ to cover the mouth,
cover, wrap closely. Muffled,
Mule, s. [L. mulus] a cross-bred
animal bred from the horse and
ass, an obstinate person.
Multiply, v. [Fr. multiplier, L.
multus, plicare, to fold] to increase
many times. Multiplied.
Multitude, s. [L. multitudinem,
multus, many] a very large num-
Murder, s. [E. morthor] wilful
killing of a man.
Murder, v., to kill wilfully, destroy.
Murmur, s. [L. murmur] a soft
low sound as of a gentle wind in
trees, or bubbling water, &c.
Murmur, v., to make a humming
sound, to be discontented. Mur-
Music, s. [Fr. musigue, L. musica,
Gr. mousike, mousd] the art of
song, the science of harmony.
Musician, s. [Fr. musicien] one who
knows music, a player of music.
Musk, s., a perfume got from the
musk-deer of Nepaul.
Must, v., see page 75.
Muster, v. [O. Fr. mustrer, mon-
strer, L. monstrare, to show] to
assemble for inspection, collect,
Mute, adj. [Fr. mute, L. mutus]
silent, dumb, making no sound but
a murmur through the lips.
Mutter, v. [root mu, from sound of
the lips] to keep making a mur-
muring sound. Muttered.
Myriad, s. [Fr. myriade, Gr.murias]
ten thousand, a countless number.
Myself, pron., see page 54.
Mystery, s. [L. mysteria, Gr. mus-
terion] a thing hidden, a secret, a
thing unexplainable. Adj. mys-
Nail, s [E. ncegef] a claw at the
end of the fingers and toes, a spike
of wood or metal.
Nail, v., to fasten by nails. Nailed.
Naked, adj., bare, uncovered, un-
Name, s. [E. nama, from the root
gna, know] that by which a thing
is known, title, reputation.
Nape, s. [E. cncep, a knop, knob]
the top of the head, top.
Napkin, s. [E. hnoppa, the nap or
flock of cloth] a small cloth.
Napoleon, a Corsican who became
Emperor of France, born at Ajac-
cio, A.D. 1769, died at St. Helena,
Narrow, adj. [E. nearwe, near] of
little breadth, close.
Narrow, v., to make narrow, con-
Nation, s. [L. nationem, natus, nas-
ci, to be born] a race of people.
Native, adj. [L. naiivus, natus,
nasci~\ bora in the place.
Naturalise, v. [E. natural] to make
natural, to give the rights of a
Nature, s. [L. natura, natus, nasct\
birth, the order of the world,
what comes by birth, disposition.
Nay, adv., no.
Near, adj. [E. neah] see page 51.
Neat, adj. [Fr. net, L. nitidus, niter e,
to shine] clean, tidy, pure.
Nebo, s., a mountain in Palestine,
near the river Jordan.
Necessary, adj. [L. necessarius]
Necessity, s. [Fr. necessite, L.
necessitatem~\ need, obligation.
Neck, s. [E. hnecca, hnigan, to
bend] part of the body between
the head and shoulders.
Necklace, s. [E. neck, Fr. lacer, to
fasten, L. laqueare] a neck-or-
nament of beads, &c., on a
Need, s. [E. nead, ne, not, eath,
ease], want, poverty, necessity.
Need, v., to want, require. Needed.
Needle, s. [E. ncedl, G. nadel,
ndhen, to sew, nagan, to prick] a
sharp instrument for sewing.
Needs, adv. [gen. case of E. need]
Neglect, v. [L. neglectus, negli-
gere] to be careless about, leave
Negro, s. [Sp. negro, L. nigrum,
niger, black] a black man, the
black African race.
Neighbour, s. [E. neh, nigh, gebur,
dweller] a near dweller, one who
Neighbourhood, s. [corruption of
E. neighbour-rede'] the state of
being neighbours, the surrounding
Neither, conj. [E. nather, ne, ceg-
ther] not either.
Nereid, s. [Gr. nereides, nereus, a
water-god, neros, wet] a water-
Nerve, s. [L. nervus] a fibre con-
veying sensation to the brain,
Nest, s., a home built by birds for
Net, v. [from root of E. knit] to
intertwine with meshes, to catch
in a net, snare. Netted.
Never, adj. [E. ncefre, ne, not, of re,
ever] not ever, not at any time.
New, adj., fresh, young, recent ;
News, s., a fresh report, intelli-
Next, adj., see page 51.
Nice, adj. [Fr. nice, foolish, L. nes-
cius, ignorant] simple, foolishly
particular about trifles, refined,
Nigh, adj. [E. neh, near] near, close
at hand, see page 51.
Night, s. [E. nihf] darkness, time
from sunset to sunrise. Adj.
Nightfall, s. [E. night, fair] the
close of day, beginning of night.
Nightingale, s. [E. niht, galan, to
sing] the night-singer, a small
bird of the Sylviadae or warblers.
Nightrack, s. [E. night, wreak] mist
and fog and storm driven up at
Ninth, adj. [E. nine'] the ordinal of
Nip, v., to pinch, check, bite. Nip-
ped or nipt.
Nireus, s., one of the Grecian
leaders at the siege of Troja, son
of Charops and Aglaia, notable for
his personal beauty.
No, adv., of negation.
Nobility, s. [Fr. nobilite, L. no-
bilitatem, nobilis~] nobleness, rank,
the class of peers.
Noble, adj. [Fr. noble, L. nobilis]
honourable, well born, good, a
Nod, v., to move to and fro, shake,
bend the head. Nodded.
Noise, s. [Fr. noise, L. nausea,
annoyance] brawl, dispute, loud
sound. Adj. noisy.
None, adj. [E. nan, ne, not, an,
one] not one, not any.
Noonday, s. [E. non, noon, L. nona,
the ninth hour, i.e. three o'clock]
midday, twelve o'clock. The
change of meaning from three
o'clock to twelve o'clock seems
to have arisen from the service,
.2Vba,havingbeen transferred from
three o'clock to midday.
Nor, conj. [E. ne, not, or] a dis-
Norman, s. [Fr. Norman] a
Northman, a man of Normandy,
of the race of Northmen who
overran the west of Neustria
about A.D. 912.
Northumberland, s. [E. north,
Number] a district of England, once
all the land north of the river
Humber, now the land north
of the river Tyne.
Nose, s., the organ of smell.
Nostril, s. [E. nosethril, nose, thyrl,
a hole] a hole in the nose.
Not, adv. [E. ne, no, wiht, a thing]
Notch, s. [softened form of E.
Jinock~\ an indentation, a hollow,
Notch, v., to cut a hollow into,
Note, s. [Fr. note, L. nota~\ a mark,
remark, comment, short letter.
Note, v., to mark, remark, record.
Nothing, s., no thing.
Notice, s. [Fr. notice, L. notitia,
notus] attention, regard, warning.
Notice, v., to pay attention to,
regard, remark. Noticed.
Notion, s. [L. notionem, notus']
opinion, belief, idea.
Notwithstanding, adv. [E. not,
withstand] without opposing,
Nought, adj. [E. ne, no, wiht]
Nourishment, s. [Fr. nourrir,
L. nutrire] nourishing, food.
Nova Zembla, s., New Land, an
island at the extreme north of
Europe, belonging to Russia.
Now, adv., at this time.
Nowise, adv. [E. no, wise, a man-
ner] in no way, not at all.
Noxious, adj. [L. noxius, noxa,
nocere~] harmful, hurtful, evil.
Nudge, v., to push gently with the
fist or elbow. Nudged.
Number, s. [Fr. nombre, L. nume-
rus] a unit, more than one, a
group, several, many.
Numerous, adj. [L. mimerosus,
numerus] consisting of a large
Nurse, s. [Fr. nourrice, L. nutri-
cem, nutrix, nutrire} one who
nourishes a child, a woman who
takes care of children.
Nut, s. [E. hnut] a fruit like a
small hard ball, the fruit of the
Nymph, s. [L. nympha, Gr. numphe]
a fabulous maiden inhabiting the
sea, rivers, mountains, &c. ; a
Oak, s. [E. <EC\ a tree of the genus
Quercus, famous for the hardness
of its wood ; strength, endurance.
Oar, s. [E. or, erian, to plough]
the ploughshare of the water; a
pole with end flattened for rowing.
Oat, s. [E. etan, eat] food, a kind of
Oatmeal, s., meal made from oats.
Obdurate, adj. [L. obduratus, du-
rare, durus, hard] hardened, stern,
Obedient, adj. [L. obedientem, obe-
dire] obeying, carrying out orders,
submissive. Subs, obedience.
Obey, v. [Fr. obeir, L. obedire~]
to submit to orders, listen to com-
mands, yield. Obeyed.
Object, s. [L. objectus, ob, jacere,
to th'row] a thing in the way,
Objection, s. [L. objectionem, ob,
Oblige, v. [Fr. obliger, L. ob,
ligare] to bind, force, compel.
Obscure, adj. [L. obscurus, dark]
hidden, dark, unknown , abstruse.
Observant, adj. [L. observantem,
observare, to watch] watching,
Observation, s. [L. observationem,
ob, servare~\ watching, attention.
Observe, v. [L. ob, servare] to
watch, attend to, remark, say.
Obstruct, v. [L. obstructus, ob,
struere, to build] to hinder, block.
Obtain, v. [Fr. obtenir, L.ob,tenere~\
to gain, get, gain credence. Ob-
Obvious, adj. [L. obvius, via, a
path] in the path, plain, easily
Occasion, s. [L. occasionem, occa-
sum, ob, cadere, to fall] some-
thing happening, opportunity,
time. Adj. occasional ; Adv.
Occupation, s. [L. occupationem,
ob, capere\ business, employment.
Occupy, v. [Fr. occuper, L. occu-
pare, ob, capere~] to hold, employ.
Occur, v. [L. occurrere, ob, currere,
to run] to happen, to meet.
Ocean, s. [Fr. ocean, L. oceanus,
Gr. okeanos] the great body of
water on the earth's surface, the
largest division of water.
Odd, adj., not even, out of the
Odour, s. [Fr. odeur, L. odorem]
a smell, a sweet smell.
Odysseus, s., the hero of Homer's
poem the Odyssey, king of the
island of Ithaka.
Of, prep., expressing separation, or
Off, adv. prep. [E. of] from, away.
Offa, s., king of the Mercians, from
A. D. 755 to 794, from whom
Offa's dyke from the Wye to the
Dee took its name.
Offence, s. [Fr. offense, L. offensare,
offenders, to hurt] harm, hurt,
Offer, v. [L. offerre, ob, ferre"] to
bring to, present, try. Offered.
Office, s. [Fr. office, L. officium]
business, duty, place of business.
Officer, s., one in office.
Oft, Often, adv., many times.
Oh, interj., expressing surprise.
Oil, s. [L. oleum] juice of the olive,
Old, Olden, adj. [E. eald, Goth.
elan, to bring up] grown up, past
the prime of life, ancient.
Olive, s. [L. oliva~] a fruit-bearing
tree which grows on the coasts of
the Mediterranean Sea.
Omit, v. [L. omittere, mittere, to
send] to leave out, pass over.
On, prep, and adv.
Once, adv. [E. ones, one] at one
One, adj. [E. an] single.
Onion, s. [Fr. oignon, L. unto-
nem\ a strong-smelling bulbous
Only, adj. and adv. [E. an, lie] one-
like, alone, not more than one.
Onward, adv. [E. on] forward,
Open, adj. [E. up] lifted up, un-
covered, unfenced, plain, public,
Open, v., to uncover, unlock, make
plain, make public. Opened.
Opinion, s. [L. opinioneni] belief,
Oppose, v. [Fr. opposer, L. ob,
pausare~] to put in the way,
obstruct, hinder. Opposed.
Opposite, adj. [L. oppositus, ob,
ponere] standing in the way, over
Opposition, s. [L. oppositionem]
hostility, resistance, hindrance.
Oppress, v. [L. oppressus, ob, pre-
mere] to press upon, weigh down,
treat harshly. Oppressed.
Oppression, s. [L. oppressionem]
harsh treatment, tyranny, in-
Oppressor, s. [E. oppress] one who
Orange, s. [Fr. orange, L. L.
aurantia, It. arancio, Venet. na-
ranza, Ar. naranf\ a yellow fruit
brought from the East to the
lands round the Mediterranean
Orator, s. [L. orator] a public
speaker, one who speaks well.
Orchard, s. [E. wort, a root,
geard] a yard for roots, a garden,
an enclosure containing fruit-
trees, an apple-garden.
Order, s. [Fr. ordre, L. ordinem,
ordo] arrangement, a rank, line,
Order, v., to arrange, command.
Ordinary, adj. [L. ordinarius,
ordo~] according to the usual
order, usual, common.
Ore, s., a vein of metal in the rock,
metal in the state in which it is
Organ, s. [L. organa, Gr. organon,
an instrument, ergon, a work] an
instrument, a musical instrument.
Origin, s. [Fr. origine, L. originem,
origo] source, beginning. Adj.
original ; Adv. originally.
Ornament, s. [L. ornamentum,
ornare, to adorn] a decoration.
Orphan, s. [L. orphanus, Gr. or-
phanos~] one who has lost father
Osier, s. [Fr. osier, Gr. oisos, a
willow] the water-willow.
Other, adj., the second, different.
Ought. See Owe, page 75.
Our, pron. See page 55.
Out, adv., away, off.
Outcast, s., one cast out.
Outshine, v. [E. shine} to surpass.
Outskirt, s. [E. skirt] the outer
Outwork, s. [E. work] an advanced
Over, adv. prep. [E. ofer, ufera,
ufan] above, more than.
Overboard, adj. [E. board] over
the side of a ship, in the water.
Overcome, v. [E. come] to surpass,
conquer, beat. Overcame, over-
Overlay, v. [E. lay] to spread over,
Overlook, v. [E. look] to look over,
to attend to, watch, pass the eyes
over, miss, neglect. Overlooked.
Overthrow, v. [E. throw] to throw
over, upset, defeat. Overthrew,
Overtire, v. [E. tire\ to tire too
Overwhelm, v. [E. whelm] to cover
over, swallow up, destroy. Over-
Owe, v. [E. agan, to own, of
which owe is a form] to have for
another, to have to pay. Ought
or owed, see page 75.
Owl, s. [E. hule, from the bird's
note] a bird which flies by night,
and has a howling screeching
Own, v. [E. agan] to possess, claim
as a possession, admit. Owned.
Own, adj., owned, possessed, pe-
Ox, s. [E. oxa] the male of the
cow. PI. oxen.
Pace, s. [Fr. pas, L. passus] a
Paddle, v. [E. paddle, dim. of
spade] to use a paddle, to propel
with a small oar, to dabble in
Pageant, s. [E. pagyn, L. pagina,
pangere, to fasten] an exhibition,
Pain, s. [Fr.peine,L.poena, penalty]
suffering, distress, punishment.
Adj. painless, free from pain.
Paint, v. [Fr. peint, peindre, L. pin-
gere] to colour, represent, draw,
Pair, s. [Fr. paire, L. par, equal]
two equal things, a couple.
Palace, s. [Fr. palais, L. palatium]
the name of the Domus Aurea,
or Golden House, built by the
Emperor Nero at Rome, on the
hill Palatinus, sacred to the deity
Pales ; a royal house, a grand
Palate, s. [L. palaturri] the roof of
the mouth, that which tastes,
Pale, adj. [Fr. pale, L. pallidus]
wan, whitish, colourless.
Palestine, s. [Philistine'] a long strip
of coast, on the east of the Me-
diterranean Sea, also called Canaan.
It had the name Palestine from
the Philistines, or * strangers '
from Crete, who held much of the
Pallas, s., a name of the Grecian
Palm, s. [Fr. palme, L. palmd] the
inside of the hand, a tree with a
broad leaf like the palm of the
hand, a sign of victory, a prize.
Pang, s. [E. pyngan, to prick]
sharp grief, pain, sorrow.
Panther, s. [L. panthera, Gr.
panther] a spotted beast of the
Papist, s. [L. papa, pope] a name
given to the followers of the Pope.
Paradise, s. [L. paradisus, Gr.
paradeisos, an Eastern word
meaning a park] the garden of
Parallel, adj. [Gr.parallelos,para,
allelon] alongside of one another ;
a line in the same plane, and
running in the same direction as
another, and in all parts equally
distant from it.
Parent, s. [Fr. parent, L.parentem,
par ens, par ere, to produce] the
producer, father or mother.
Paris, s., son of Priam, king of
Troja, who, by carrying off
Helen, wife of Menelays, was the
cause of the Trojan war.
Parish, s. [Fr.paroche, L.parochia,
Gr. paroikia, oikia, a house] an
ecclesiastical district, a district
under one clergyman in charge.
Parliament, s. [Fr. parlement,
parler, to speak] the meeting of
the advisers of the king, the
House of Lords and House of
Parlour, s. [Fr. parloir, parler]
the conversation -room, sitting-
room, the ordinary business room
of a house.
Parsimonious, adj. [E. parsimony,
L. parsimonia, par cere, to spare]
Parsley, s. [E. persely, peterselige,
L. petroselinum, Gr. petroselinon,
rock plant] a plant with crisp
bright green leaves.
Parsnep, s. [L.pastinaca,pastimtm,
napus, a root] a plant with a long
root like a white carrot.
Part, s. [L. par tern, pars'] a piece,
Part, v., to divide, share, go away.
Partake, v. [Fr. partager, portage,
L. partem,pars] to share, take part
in. Partook, partaken (as if from
E. part, take}.
Partial, adj. [Fr. partial, L. parti-
alis,pars] favouring one part, one-
sided, having to do with a part,
not equally distributed.
Particular, adj. [L. particularis,
pars] having care for each little
part, exact, careful.
Partridge, s. [E. pertrich, Fr. per-
drix, L. perdicem] a gallinaceous
bird. Perdix cinerea.
Party, s. [Fr. parti, partir, L. par-
iiri, pars] a division, company,
Pass, v. [Fr. passer, L. passus, a
step] to walk by, go beyond.
Passed or past.
Pass, s., a narrow way, defile, per-
mission 4o pass.
Passage, s. [Fr. passage, passer, L.
passus] going, course, journe} 7 ,
Passion, s. [Fr. passion, L. pas-
sionem, passus, pati, to suffer]
suffering, rage, anger.
Passionate, adj. [L. passionatus]
given to passion, easily enraged.
Passive, adj. [L. passivus, passus,
pati] suffering, enduring.
Pastoral, adj. [L. pastor -alls, pastor,
a shepherd] belonging to shep-
herds, belonging to flocks, country.
Pasture, s. [L. pastura, pastus,
pascere, to feed] grazing-land,
Pat, v., to strike gently. Patted.
Path, s. [E.pad] away, road. Adj.
Patience, s. [Fr. patience, L. pa-
tientia, pati] endurance.
Patient, adj. [Fr. patient, L.
patientem, pati] enduring, long-
Patrician, adj. [L. patricianus,
palricius, pater] belonging to the
Roman patres or noble families,
Patroclos, s., a Greek hero, son of
Mencetios, comrade of Achilles,
slain at Troja by Hector.
Patron, s. [L. patronus, pater, a
father] one who acts like a father,
Pattern, s. [Fr. patron, L. patronus,
pater] a master, example, model.
Pause, s. [Fr. pause, L. pausa, Gr.
pausis, pauein, to stop] a stop,
Pause, v., to stop, cease, rest.
Pave, v. [Fr. paver. L. pavire] to
lay with stones. Paved.
Pavement, s. [Fr. pavement, L.
pavimentum, pavire] a floor laid
with stones, a pathway.
Paw, s., an animal's foot.
Pay, v. [Fr. payer, L. pacare, to
pacify] to satisfy, to satisfy with
money, hand money to.
Pea, s. [mistaken sing, from E. peas,
Fr. pois, L. pisum] a leguminous
plant. Old form, sing, pise, pese ;
pi. piosan, pesen, peason, peses ;
modern form, sing, pea, pi. peas,
Peace, s. [E. pes, Fr. paix, L.
pacem, pax] quiet, freedon^from
Peach, s. [Fr. peche . O. Fr. pesche,
L. persicum, Persian] a fruit tree
brought from Persia to Italy.
Peak, s. [Gael, .pie] a point, pointed
Peal, v., to sound loudly, resound,
Pear, s. [L. pirum] a fruit tree, the
fruit of the tree.
Pearl, s. [Fr. perle, It. perla, L.
pirula, dim. of pirum, a pear] a
small round gem found in shell-
Peasant, s. [F 'r. pay san, pays, L.pa-
gensis, pagus, a village] a villager,
Pebble, s, a small rounded
Peculiar, adj. [L. peculiaris, pecu-
lium, property, pecus, cattle] priv-
ate, belonging to oneself, special,
uncommon. Subs, peculiarity.
Peer, v. [Fr. paroir, L. parere, to
come in sight] to appear, to peep
forth, to look about carefully.
Peer, s. [Fr. pair, L. par, equal]
an equal, a nobleman, member of
the House of Peers.
Peg, s., a pin for fastening.
Peleus, s., a Greek hero, father of
Achilles, ruler of the Myrmidons
Pelion, s., a mountain in the south
east of Thessaly.
Pen, s. [L. penna, a feather] an in-
strument for writing.
Penetrate, v. [L. penetratus, pene-
trare] to go into, to go through.
Pent, adj. [E. penned, pen] shut up,
Penthouse, s. [corruption of E.
pentice, Fr. appends, L. appendi-
cium, pendere, to hang] a sloping
shed built against a house, an out-
People, s. [Fr. peuple, L. populus]
a nation, tribe, persons.
Perceive, v. [Fr.percevoir, L.perci-
pere, capere, to take] to take in
thoroughly, understand, see. Per-
Perch, v. [Fr. perche, L. pertica, a
rod] to alight on a perch OT rod,
to settle. Perched.
Perfect, adj. [L. perfectus, per,
facere~\ thoroughly made, finished,
complete. Adv. perfectly.
Perfection, s. [L. perfectionem,
Perform, v. [L. per, formare] to
form thoroughly, do, act. Per-
Perfume, s. [Fr. parfum, L.fnmus,
smoke] a sweet smell, odour,
Perfume, v., to fill with a sweet
odour, scent. Perfumed.
Perhaps, adv. [L. per, E. hap']
by chance, possibly, it may
Periander, s., son of Cypselus,
ruler, or Tyrant, of Corinth, B. c.
Peril, s. [Fr. peril, L. periculum}
danger. Ad], perilous.
Period, s. [L. periodus, Gr. peri,
round, hodos } a way] a circuit, a
fixed time, a completed sentence,
a mark at the end of a sentence.
Perpetual, adj. [L. perpetualis,
perpetuus] everlasting, continuous,
Perplexity, s. [L. perplexitatem,
perplexus, plectere, to weave] diffi-
Persian, adj., of Persia, a country
Persistence, s. [L. persisteniia,
persistere, stare, to stand] stand-
ing to a thing, steadiness, ob-
Person, s. [L. persona'] a man, or
woman, a character. Adj. per-
Personage, s. [Fr. personnage, L.
persona] an important person, a
Persuade, v. [L. per, suadere, to
advise] to convince, influence,
Pert, adj., lively, saucy.
Pestilence, s. [L.pestilentia,pestis\
plague, contagious disease.
Pet, s. [It. petto, L. pectus, a heart]
a favourite child, or animal.
Peterkin, a Dutch name, little
Petrify, v. [Fr. petrtfier, L. and Gr.
petra, a rock, L. facere\ to make
into stone, harden, to astonish.
Pewter, adj. [O. Yr.peutre] a mix-
ture of lead and tin, or of lead
Pharaoh, s., a name or title borne
by the ancient rulers of Egypt,
perhaps meaning King, or from
the word Ra, meaning the sun.
Phase, s. [Gr. phasis, phainein, to
shew] a show, an appearance,
Philip, s. [L. Philippus, Gr. Philip-
pos, lover of horses] King of Mace-
don, born B.C. 382, began to reign
B - c - 359 assassinated by Pau-
sanias B.C. 336.
Philistian, s. [Philistine, stranger].
The Philistines were immigrants
from Crete into the coast districts
Philological, adj. [Gr. philos,
a lover, logos, a word] belonging
to philology, the science of lan-
Philosopher, s., one given to the
study of philosophy.
Philosophy, s. [Gr. philos, sopkia,
wisdom] love of wisdom,_know-
ledge of causes.
Phoenician, adj., belonging to
Phoenicia, a strip of coast on the
north of Palestine, washed by the
Pick, v., to strike with a sharp in-
strument, to pluck, gather. Picked.
Picture, s. [L. pictura, pictus, pin-
gere, to paint] a painting, re-
Piece, s. [Fr. piece] a small bit, a
Piecemeal, s. [piece, E. meal, a di-
vision] piece by piece, bit by bit,
in separate pieces,
Pierce, v. [Fr. percer, It. perciare,
pertugiare, L. per, tundere~\ to
make a hole through. Pierced.
Pile, s. [Fr. pile, L. pila] a heap,
Pile, v., to raise in a heap, to heap.
Pilgrim, s. [It. pelegrino, L. pere-
grinus, per, over, ager, the land]
a wanderer, one who goes to visit
a shrine in another land.
Pillar, -s. [Fr. pilier, L. pila] a
Pillow, s., a cushion.
Pincers, s. pi. [E. pinch] an instru-
ment for grasping, a nail-drawer,