Oscar Wilde.

Lady Windermere's fan, and The importance of being Earnest online

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in 1880. Then a couple of years later came the phenomenal
Jay-Eye-See, and close after him Phallas, and with these three
great trotters on the turf at once "the sire of Jay-Eye-See, 2:10,
Phallas, 2:13|, and Director, 2:17," came again prominently before
the public. In 1883 he was purchased by Major H. C. McDowell,
and Messrs. David Bonner and A. A. Bonner, for a price that
was said to have been twenty-five thousand dollars, and taken to
Ashland farm at Lexington. Eventually he became the sole
property of Major McDowell, and died May 25, 1893.

Dictator did not get speed uniformly. He was what might be
called a sporadic sire, but those of his get that raced at all raced
well. By far his best son as a producer is Director, 2:17, that
was out of Dolly by Mambrino Chief, and is the sire of sixteen



hambletoxian's sons and grandsons. 305

trotters and pacers with records in the 3:30 list, including the
champion trotting stallion Directum, 3:05^, and the one-time
champion pacing stallion, Direct, who after being practically
crippled in trotting to a four-year-old record of 3:18^, carrying
great weights to keep him at that gait, was allowed to go at his
natural gait and paced in 3:05j, and is already a very successful
sire. Phallas, 3:13f, of whom high hopes were entertained, and
who had great opportunities, proved practically a failure in the
stud, tliough his son Phallamont, out of an Almont mare, ranks
with Direct as the best of Dictator's grandsons. Dictator got fifty
standard performers, forty-four of his sons have produced one
hundred and seventy-three standard performers, and forty-two of
his daughters have produced sixty-one standard performers.

Hakold became very famous when Maud S. became queen of
the turf with the then marvelous record of 3:08f, a record that
stood unequaled from 1885 till 1891. This horse was bred by
Charles S. Dole, Crystal Lake, Illinois, by whom he was sold, in
an exchange of horses, to Woodburn Farm, when he was a year-
ling. He was foaled in 18G4, and his dam was Enchantress
(the dam also of Black Maria and of Lakeland Abdallah), by
Abdallah. It was long claimed that this mare's dam Avas a
daughter of imported Bellfounder, but investigation exploded
this claim. Harold was a bay horse, without marks, just fifteen
hands high, stoutly made but very homely of form. He had a
finely made head, but otherwise he was exceedingly plain, and
when Maud S, came out the late Benjamin Bruce, in the Ken-
tucky Live Stock Record, expressed wonder that "that little
bench-legged stud" could have gotten such a mare. Harold's
full brother, Lakeland Abdallah, was far superior to him in-
dividually, but ranks with Hetzel's Hambletonian, the brother
to Volunteer, and Kearsarge, by Volunteer out of Dexter's dams,
in the fore front of the well-bred failures in trotting history.
Largely from his individuality Harold was never, even when
Maud S. was in the heyday of her renown, a popular horse, and
the figures given by the Woodburn management say that in his
entire career he was bred to but five hundred and ninety-four
mares, or an average of about twenty-five for each of his twenty-
three seasons. With the exception of Maud S., Harold got
nothing of the first class, but in the second generation the family
holds better rank in respect to extreme speed production. Beu •
zetta, 3:06f, Early Bird, 3:10, The Conqueror, 3:13, and the great



306 THE HORSE OF AMERICA.

three-year-old Impetuous, 2:13, are out of daughters of Harold,
while Kremlin, 2:07f, lo, 2:13-|, Eizpah, 2:13^, Eussellmont, 2:12|,
and the great pacer Robert J., 2:01^, are among the produce of
his sons, and the present queen of the trotting turf, Alix, 2:03f,
is out of a daughter of Attorney, by Harold. Harold died at
Woodburn, October 6, 1893. This horse never trotted in public,
but he was worked some for speed at Woodburn. As a six-year-
old he is said to have trotted the farm track in 2:40^, in which
mile it is stated he "grabbed a quarter" and was not worked
again. He is the sire of forty-four standard performers, forty-
three of his sons have produced one hundred and eighty-one
standard performers, and forty- five of his daughters have pro-
duced sixty-seven standard performers.

Happy Medium was bred by R. F. Galloway, of Sulferen, New
York, and was foaled 1863. He was by Hambletonian, out of
the famous old campaigner Princess, 2:30, that trotted ten miles
in 29:10f and two miles in 5:02, and was the great rival of Flora
Temple, 2:19f. Princess was a bay mare, foaled 1846, by Andrus'
Hambletonian, son of Judson's Hambletonian, that was by
Bishop's Hambletonian, son of imported Messenger; and her
dam was the Wilcox mare, by Burdick's Engineer, son of Engi-
neer, by imported Messenger. She campaigned from ocean to
ocean, and her career is perhaps the most remarkable of the
earlier trotting days. AVhen young she was mixed gaited, alter-
nately pacing and trotting, and was put to work hauling logs.
Then her owner traded her for a second-hand wagon, and finally
she reached the hands of D. M. Gage, of Chicago. He put her
into training, and she trotted some indifferent races as Topsy,
was sold, and taken across the plains to California. Here in
1858 she beat New York, taking her record of 2:30. Then she fell
into the hands of the notorious "Jim" Eotf, and the next year
was matched against the then crack trotter of California, Glencoe
Chief, at ten miles to wagon. These were golden days on the
coast, and this race was for the enormous stake of thirty-six thou-
sand five hundred dollars. Princess won easily in 29:10f, but the
Glencoe Chief party being dissatisfied, another race was trotted
the next day at the same distance for five thousand dollars.
Princess again winning. There was after this nothing on the
coast to race with Princess, and Eoff brought her to New York
to try conclusions with Flora Temple. Her first race with Flora
was at three-mile heats at Eclipse Course, Long Island, Flora



HAMBLETONIAN'S SOXS and GRANDSON'S. 307

winning, but at two-mile heats a week later Princess won in 5:02,
5:05. In their subsequent races Flora turned the tables, though
in a stubborn contest at two-mile heats Princess forced the then
queen of the turf to make the long unbeaten record of 4:50^.
She was then retired from the turf, and after passhig through
several hands became the property of R. F. Galloway, who in
1862 bred her to Hambletonian.

Happy Medium was a bay horse, with star, snip, and two white
rear ankles, fifteen hands two inches in height, and was a shapely,
attractive horse, with excellent legs and feet. Some critics have
found fault that he was light barreled, and perhaps with some de-
gree of reason, but as a Avhole he was structurally much above the
average of his time. As a four-year-old he started at the Goshen
Fair and won, taking a record of 2:54, which he lowered to 2:51 in
1868. The next year, 1869, at Paterson, ISTew Jersey, he distanced
Guy Miller and Honesty in 2:34^, 2:32^, and these three perform-
ances, all winning ones, comprise his entire turf career. He was
in 1871 purchased at a very large price — said to have been twenty-
five thousand dollars — by Mr. Robert Steel, who placed him at
the head of his Cedar Park Farm, at Philadelphia. In 1879 he
was purchased by the late General W. T. Withers, and taken to
his Fairlawn Farm, Lexington, Kentucky, where he remained
until he died, January 25, 1888, at which time he had more 2:30
performers to his credit than any horse then living. The Happy
Mediums developed speed easily and quickly, and were remark-
able for the purity of their gait. The most famous of his get is
the mare Nancy Hanks, that lowered the world's record to 2:04
in 1892. The mares bred to Happy Medium never were as a
whole of good breeding, and in his early stud career they were
largely of inferior blood and quality. His fame has steadily
grown, and with ninety-two standard performers to his credit,
and his sons and daughters breeding on, the blood of Happy
Medium is justly held in very high esteem as a positive speed-
producing element. Fifty-one of his sons have produced two
hundred and thirteen, and forty-seven of his daughters have
produced fifty-nine standard performers.

Jay Gould was one of the most famous of all the sons of Ham-
bletonian on the turf and the sensational trotting stallion of his
day, and he now, in turn, takes a high place among producing sons
of the great father of trotters. This horse was bred by the late
Richard Sears, of Orange County, New York, was foaled 1864,



■308 THE HOKSE OF AMERICA.

and was got by Hambletonian, out of Lady Sanford, by Seely's
American Star; grandam Old Sorrel, by Exton Eclipse; tiiird
dam by Lawrence's Messenger Duroc, etc. At maturity Jay
Gould was a handsome, blood-like horse, fifteen and one-half
hands high, and a rich bay in color, with white hind ankles.
With his dam he was sold while at her side to Charles II. Kerner,
of New York, who soon after traded them to John Minchiu, of
Goshen, for the then well-known trotter Drift, Mr. Kerner also
paying a fair sum in cash. Later the colt came into the hands
of A. 0. Green, of Fall River, and was by him named Judge
Brigham. It is said that Mr. Green first learned that Judge
Brigham was a fast trotter through his taking fright at a train
one day in 1870 and running away with him at a trot. What-
ever the facts as to this are, it was soon known that Mr. Green
had a very fast trotter, and the next season (1871) he started for
a five-thousand-dollar purse at Buffalo, among the other starters
being the already famous Judge Fullerton. To the general
astonishment. Judge Brigham "cut loose" in the second heat,
winning it in 2:23, thus equaling the stallion record then held
by George Wilkes, and placing to his credit the fastest heat ever
up to that time trotted by a horse in his maiden race. He won
the race handily, and was the sensation of the time. He was at
once purchased for, I believe, the great i)rice of thirty-five thou-
sand dollars by the late world-famuus financier. Jay Gould, H.
N. Smith, and George C. Hall. Later Mr. Smith acquired Mr.
Hall's interest, and Mr. Kerner bought Mr. Gould's, and finally,
some years after, Mr. Smith, who had established Fashion Stud
Farm, at Trenton, New Jersey, and owned the noted mares
Goldsmith Maid, 2:14, Lady Thorn, 2:18:|, and Lucy, 2:18|,
became sole owner of Jay Gould, as Judge Brigham was renamed.
The week following his Buffalo race Jay Gould defeated an-
other strong' field at Kalamazoo, Michigan; and in 1872 started
four times, winning in all his races, lowering his record to 2:21^,
the then champion stallion record. He Avas kept in the stud in
1873, but being challenged on behalf of Bashaw Jr., the follow-
ing year, was given a hurried fall jjreparation, and met his chal-
lenger at Baltimore. BashaAv Jr., broke down in the first heat,
and Gould of course won an empty victory, but to satisfy the
audience was driven a public trial in 2:19^. Meanwhile Smug-
gler had lowered the stallion record to 2:20, and Jay Gould was
sent against it at Boston, trotting under unfavorable circum-



hambletonian's sons and grandsons. 309'

stances in 2:20^ and 2:21|. This practically closed his turf
career. He made a number of seasons at Fashion Farm, and in
his later years at Walnut Hill Farm, near Lexington, Kentucky,
and died of old age June 10, 1894. Jay Gould's opportunities
were never of the best. In his earlier years in the stud General
Knox was more used at Fashion Farm than Jay Gould, and there
was no training done at Fashion until 1886. Jay Gould is the
sire of twenty-nine standard performers, the most noted of which
is the great mare Fixley, 2:08^. Fourteen of his sons have pro-
duced thirty standard performers, and twenty-eight of his
daughters have produced forty-six performers, among the latter
being the great pacer, Eobert J., 2:01^, and such trotters as Poem,
2:11-^, Colonel Kuser, 2:11^, Mahogany, 2:12^, Edgardo, 2:13f, etc.
His most noted producing daughter is Lucia, whose dam was the
famous old trotting mare Lucy, 2:18^, by George M. Patchen,
2:23^. Lucia is the dam of Edgardo, 2:13f, Hurly Burly, 2:16^,
and several others in the 2:30 list, and her blood is breeding on
through both her sons and daughters.

Strathmoke, taking all things into consideration, must be
rated among the very greatest sons of Hambletonian. He was a.
solid bay horse, of the substantial Hambletonian type, foaled
1866, bred by Aristides Welch at his Chestnut Hill farm, near
Philadelphia, and was got by Hambletonian out of tlie quite
famous trotting mare Lady Waltermire, by North American, and
Lady Waltermire's dam was said to have been by Harris' Ham-
bletonian. This North American sired Whitehall, that got the
famous trotter Rhode Island, sire of the still more celebrated
Governor Sprague, and in the section treating of the latter the
reader will find particulars concerning North American. Lady
Waltermire was a noted trotting mare in her day, and it has been
claimed that she performed faster than 2:30, but I have never
been able to substantiate this claim. When Strathmore was a
three-year-old, in 1869, I visited Chestnut Hill. Mr. Welch then
had three sons of Hambletonian, viz., William Welch, Rysdyk,
and Strathmore, who was then called Goodwin Watson. The two
former were led out to be shown, but when I inquired for Good-
win Watson, Mr. Welch's reply was "Oh, he's a pacer" — except
that he used an adjective in connection with ''pacer" that added
emphasis, and betrayed some degree of regret, or indeed dis-
gust. The fact that several of Strathmore's sons have gotten
many fast pacers need not be marveled at. I am not aware the":.



310 THE HORSE OF AMERICA.

Strathmore was ever trained, and probably his pacing inclination
furnishes the reason. When he was seven years old he was pur-
chased by Colonel R. G. Stoner, of Paris, Kentucky, and named
Strathmore, and up to this time. Colonel Stoner states, he had
but three foals, one of which was afterward known as Chestnut
Hill, 2:22^, the first of his get to earn a reputation. His first
two seasons were made in Montgomery County, after which he
was taken to Paris, in Bourbon County. Colonel Stoner states
in one of his catalogues that Strathmore's early opportunities in
Kentucky were very inferior; that in 1877 and 1878 the service
fees earned would not pay for his keep; that up to 1879 he
never served a mare with a record or the dam of an animal with a
record, and that it was not until Steinway trotted in 1878 as a
two-year old in 2:31f, and Santa Claus as a five-year-old in 2:18 in
1879 that any good mares came to Strathmore. At Colonel
Stoner's sale, February 9, 1886, Strathmore was sold for two
thousand one hundred and fifty dollars to Pockhill & Bro., of
Fort Wayne, Indiana, and they owned him until his death,
March 11, 1895. Strathmore has seventy-one in the standard
list; twenty-six of his sons and fifty-four of his daughters have
produced one hundred and fifty-eight standard performers.

Egbert is one of the youngest sons of Hambletonian, and has
achieved very fair success in the stud. He is closely inbred to
the Hambletonian, or rather the Abdallah blood, and is j)ossibly
the most notable instance of a successful sire being very closely
inbred. Egbert was bred by Hon. J. H. Walker, Worcester,
Massachusetts, and was foaled in 1875. He was sold at the sale
of, Mr. Walker's horses at Worcester in the autumn of 1877,
when he was purchased for the then great price for a two-year-
old of three thousand four hundred and twenty-five dollars by
H. J. Hendryx, of Michigan, a representative of Mr. Veech, of
Kentucky, being a contending bidder. After the sale Mr.
Hendryx sold the colt for four thousand dollars to George W.
Raudenbush, of Reading, Pennsylvania, who I believe still owns
him. In the spring of 1880 Egbert was taken by Colonel Ricliard
West to his farm at Georgetown, Kentucky, and kept there a
number of years, and indeed the greater part of his stud career
has been in Kentucky. I am not aware that Egbert was ever
trained. He is individually a superior horse, but is alleged to
have an unkind disposition.

Egbert was got by Hambletonian out of Campdown, by Mes-



hambletonian's soxs and geandsons. 311

senger Duroc (son of Hambletonian); grandam Miss McLeod
(dam of Lord Nelson, 2:2G^, and Polonius), by the Holbert Colt
(son of Hambletonian) ; great-grandam May Fly, by Utter Horse,
son of Hoyt's Comet; great-great-grandam Virgo, sister to the
dam of Messenger Duroc, by Roe's Abdallah Chief, son of Ab-
dallah, the sire of Hambletonian. The Holbert Colt, son of
Hambletonian, was a pacer, and others in Egbert's ancestry paced;
and in commenting on his pedigree, from this point of view, at
the time Colonel West took him to Kentucky, I remarked in
Wallace'' s Monthly, March, 1880: "Colonel West need not be
surprised if he finds quite a number of Egbert's offspring start-
ing off at a pace." The facts have borne out the prediction, as a
glance at Egbert's long list of fast pacers will show. Egbert is
the sire of seventy-five standard performers, while twenty-five of
his sons, and eighteen of his daughters have produced seventy-
four standard performers.

Masterlode, that left a family of some merit in Michigan, was
a mammoth bay, foaled 1868, got by Hambletonian out of Lady
Irwin by Seeley's American Star. He was a gigantic, coarse
horse, and was certainly the largest horse that ever earned
a reputation as a sire of trotters. It is said he was quite seven-
teen hands high and was built on a heavy mold even for his
height. He was bred by James M. Mills, Orange County, New
York, and passed to A. C. Fisk, Coldwater, Michigan, who
owned him until his death in 1892. The most noted of his get
was Belle F., 2:15^, that was one of the very best campaigners out
in 1886. He has twenty-eight to his credit in the list, and seven-
teen of his sons and sixteen of his daughters have produced in all
fifty-seven standard performers.

Aberdeen shares with Dictator such honors as attach to the
highest success of the ''Hambletonian-Star cross" in the stud.
This horse was bred by the notorious Captain Isaiah Rynders, at
Passaic, New Jersey, and a full account of the investigation of the
pedigree of his dam, the noted Widow Machree, 2:29, will be found
in Chapter XXIX., on the investigation of pedigrees. Widow
Machree was altogether the best trotter of the American Star
family, and was especially noted for her gameness. Bred to
Hambletonian, it was natural that she should produce a trotter,
and Aberdeen was quite a trotter in his day. As a three-year-
old he won a stake at Prospect Park, distancing his field in 2:46,
and the statement has been published that hs later in his career



313 THE HORSE OF AMEEICA.

trotted a slow New Jersey track in 2:24^^. This horse was foaled
in 1866, and was a bay fifteen hands three inches high, and very
stoutly, indeed coarsely made, and was of a dangerously vicious
disposition. The good race mare Hattie Woodward, that made
a record of 2:15^, first attracted attention to Aberdeen as a sire,
and in 1881 lie was purchased by General Withers and taken to
Fairlawn, and before this his stud opportunities had been very
limited. He died in 1892. By far the best of his get is the
great mare Kentucky Union, that made a record of 2:07i in 1896.
Aberdeen has forty in the standard list, fourteen of his sons have
produced fifty-seven, and seventeen of his daughters have pro-
duced nineteen standard performers.

Sweepstakes must be classed among the successful sons of
Hambletonian as a sire of trotters, though in the second genera-
tion his family have yet failed of great distinction, nor did
Sweepstakes himself get extreme speed. This Avas a bay horse,
foaled 1867, by Hambletonian out of Emma Mills, that also pro-
duced Mott's Independent, by Seely's American Star. He was
bred by the late Harrison Mills, near Goshen, in Orange County,
New York, and was never, I believe, trained. Indeed it lias
been stated that he never wore harness, and is perhaps the most
remarkable example of a strictly undeveloped sire of trotters.
The most noted of his get is the bay horse Captain Lyons, 2:17^.
Sweepstakes sired thirty-three trotters and two pacers that are
standard performers, four sons have produced eight trotters and
two pacers, and twenty of his daughters have produced twenty-
five trotters and four pacers.

Governor S Prague is one of the few horses not descended in
the male line from one of the great foundation progenitors, and
that yet was a trotter of merit and the founder of a trotting family.
His dam, however, was a producing daughter of Hambletonian,
and this must be regarded as the probable source of his power,
though his sire was a fine trotter for his day.

Back in the thirties a Frenchman living at Rouse's Point,
New York, near the Canadian boundary line, bred a pacing mare
to a hors3 that was kept in the same stable with Sir Walter,
thoroughbred son of Hickory, and the result was the horse
known as North American, or the Bvillock Horse. It was long
claimed that North American was by Sir Walter, but the best
authenticated version is given in Wallace's Monthly, for 1880.
This was the statement of a Mr. Ladd, said to be a reliable man, who



hambletonian's sons and grandsons. 313

knew the Frenchman who bred North American. Ladcl had for-
merly lived at Rouse's Point, and kept a little hotel at Benson's
Landing on Lake Champlain. Ladd's statement was that the
Frenchman had a little pacing mare, from which he wanted to raise
a foal, but would not pay more than three dollars for any horse's
service. Sir Walter's fee was fifteen dollars, but in the same
stable was a large stallion that was used to haul water from the
lake to the hotel, and the Frenchman was permitted to have the
service of this horse for three dollars, and this is the only reliable
version I could ever obtain as to the pedigree of North American.
Besides the line we are now considering, this horse got Lady
AValtermire, the dam of the great Strathmore, and one of his
daughters is the dam of two in the 2:30 list, and Vergennes Black
Hawk came from another. North America was said to have
been a natural trotter, and quite fast for a short distance. A
son of his, named Whitehall, from the name of the place where
he w^as bred, was taken to Ohio from New York about 1854 and
there got the noted Rhode Island, 2:23^, the sire of Governor
Sprague. Rhode Island was a brown horse, foaled about 1857,
and his dam was by a black horse called Davy Crockett that was
brought from Penns3dvania, and her dam was called Bald Hornet.
This mare, Mag Taylor, was bred to Whitehall twice, one of her
foals being Belle Rice, the dam of the stallion Harry Wilkes, sire
of Rosalind Wilkes, 3:14^^, and the other was Rhode Island. This
horse trotted many races, and at Fashion Course, New York,
October 27, 1868, earned his record of 2:23|. He about this time
passed into the hands of Sprague & Akers, and he died in 1875.
At this time Governor Amasa Sprague had among his brood
mares Belle Brandon, by Rysdyk's Hambletonian out of a
daughter of Young Bacchus. This was a bay mare, foaled in
1854 in Orange County, and was a fast trotter and a mare of
great general excellence. She was driven as a mate to Sprague's
Hambletonian, and Mr. Sprague claimed that he had once driven
her a mile in 2:29. Bred to Volunteer she produced Amy, 2:20^:,
and to Rhode Island, produced in 1872, Governor Sprague, 2:20|.
Governor Sprague was a black horse, approximating fifteen
hands two inches in height, and very substantially built. He is
described as having been an exceedingly handsome horse, es-
pecially in action, his gait having been pure and beautiful. In
1873 he was sent to Kansas and trained, and so promising was he
that he was that year sold to Higbee Brothers and Mr. Babcock,



314 THE HORSE OF AMERICA.

of Canton, Illinois, for one thousand five hundred dollars. He
was shown and known as a very fast four-year-old, trotting
public exhibitions in about 2:22. With the exception of a three-
year-old race at Earlville, Illinois, he did not start in a public
race until July 20, 1876, when at Chicago he easily defeated a
good field, and so promising and attractive did he seem that the
late Jerome I. Case, of Racine, paid the great price of twenty-
seven thousand five hundred dollars for him. At Poughkeepsie,
New York, that season he lowered his record to 2:20-^, and a few
more races ended his short but brilliant turf career. He died at
Lexington, Kentucky, May 23, 1883, at the early age of eleven



Online LibraryOscar WildeLady Windermere's fan, and The importance of being Earnest → online text (page 33 of 61)