Oscar Wilde.

Lady Windermere's fan, and The importance of being Earnest online

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gations the reader is referred to Wallace's Monthly, and to Chapter
XXIX. of this volume.

Pocahontas seems to have produced but five foals that reached
maturity: 1855, Tom Kolfe, of which hereafter; 1859, Young
Pocahontas, by Ethan Allen, a very fast trotter; 1860, May
Queen, by Ethan Allen; 18G1, May Day, by Miles Standish; 1863
bay colt Strideway, by Black Hawk Telegraph, l^his was a very
fast and promising young horse, and doubtless would have stood
among the fastest stallions of his day, but he died on the very
eve of his public appearance on the trotting turf.

Tom Kolfe had a checkered existence from his conception.
His dam, Pocahontas, was bred to Pugh's Aratus, by Abraham
Pierce, her then owner, May 10, 1853, and ten days afterward
she was sold without her new owner's knowing she had been bred.
He was thus carried in his mother's womb, during her training
and through her racing campaign in New Orleans, until a little
over two months of the time he was dropped. During most of
this period those handling the mare did not know she had been
bred, and hence the story that Tom was a "catch" colt. He was
a bay, about fifteen hands two inches high, and came to his speed
Avith very little handling. In private trials, it is said, he had
frequently shown a mile in 2:23. While on exhibition in a small
ring at Dayton, Ohio, he met with an accident, from which he
was ever afterward a cripple. In this condition however, he
afterward made a record in 2:33^. His sire, Pugh's Aratus, was
a large, handsome farm horse, sixteen hands two inches high, and
weighing one thousand three hundred pounds. He was got hj


Phares' Aratus, out of a fast pacing mare. There is no evidence
whatever going to show that Phare's Aratus was a son of Aratus
by Director. The type of the family did not indicate the posses-
sion of any running blood. Tom Rolfe put four trotters and
tliree pacers, all with fast records, into the 2:30 list, and three
of his sons left twenty-nine performers. In the latter years of
his life he was sold by Mr. Woodmansee to Mr. Wesley P. Balch,
of Boston, and died 1877.

Young Rolfe was the best son of Tom Rolfe. He was a bay,
foaled 1876, and came out of Judith, by Draco, son of Young
Morrill, and she out of Lady Balch, by Rising Sun. He was bred
by Wesley P. Balch, passed to C. H. Nelson, of Maine, then back
to John Sheppard of Boston, and died 1884, when only eight
years old. He was one of the best horses of his day, as a race
horse, and his early death was universally considered a great loss
to the breeding interests of the country. He has to his credit
nine representative trotters in the 2:30 list.

Nelson, the great son of Young Rolfe, was bred and owned by
C. H. Nelson, Waterville, Maine. He is a bay horse, foaled 1882,
and out of Gretchen, the daughter of Gideon, by Hambletonian,
10, and she out of- the fast trotting mare Kate, by Vermont Black
Hawk. This horse Gideon, the son of Hambletonian, was, like his
sire, very strongly inbred to old Messenger, tracing through mares
by Young Engineer and Young Commander, both grandsons of
Messenger, to the William Hunter mare, that was by Messenger
himself. When the pedigree of Nelson is compared with the
pedigree of Hambletonian, according to the rules of arithmetic,
it may be found to contain nearly or quite as much Messenger
blood as Hambletonian possessed, but, unfortunately, we know
nothing of the trotting capacity of the intervening mares. If
we had a "One Eye" and a "Charles Kent Mare" coming next
to the AVilliam Hunter mare, we would have much greater ex-
pectations. But, as it is, when we consider the superlative
capacity of Nelson himself, with his record of 2:09, and his nine-
teen trotters and seven pacers already to his credit, it is probable
he will found a large and valuable family.

Through his son Blanco, sire of Smuggler, we have another
notable line to Irons' Cadmus. Smuggler was in his day the
champion trotting stallion, taking a record of 2:15^ when owned
by Colonel Russell, of Boston, and driven by Charles Marvin,
who after long and painstaking efforts converted him from his


natural gait, the pace, to the trot. Wearing twenty-four ounces on
each fore-foot to keep him at the trot, Smuggler defeated all
the best horses of his day, including goldsmith Maid. He was
by Blanco, out of a pacing mare of unknown blood. As might
have been expected, he failed to found a great family, though
fourteen of his get are standard performers, and twelve of his
sons and seventeen of his daughters have produced thirty-eight

Tom Hal. — The original Tom Hal was taken to Kentucky, as
early, probably, as 18'-i4, and as was the custom in those days, he
was called a Canadian, like all other pacing horses. The tradition
is that Dr. Boswell got him in Philadelphia and rode him home
to Lexington, Kentucky. Another statement is that he was taken
to Kentucky by John T. Mason, and this statement appears in the
advertisement of the horse for the year 1828. As the horse was
in the hands of William L. Breckenridge that year, and as his
advertisement was practically a contemporaneous record, we
must give the preference to the Mason representation. He was
a roan horse, as I understand, a little over fifteen hands high, stout
and stylish. He was very smooth and pleasant in his gait and a
very fast pacer. He was for some time in the hands of Captain
West, of Georgetown, Kentucky, and then passed to Benjamin N.
Shropshire, of Harrison County, and after some years he died his

Bald Stockhstgs, also known as Lail's Tom Hal, was a chest-
nut horse with a bald face and four white legs. He Avas foaled
early in the "forties," and was got by the original Tom Hal, and
his dam was by Chinn's Copperbottom. He was bred by Hig-
gins Chinn, Harrison County, kept for a time by John Lucas,
and owned by Mr. Lail, of the same county. He was one of the
prominent links between the old and the new, and was a fast

Sorrel Tom was a son of Bald Stockings (Lail's Tom Hal) and
bore the same color and markings. He was bred and owned by
John Shawhan, of Harrison County, Kentucky. His dam was a
grey mare from Ohio, of unknown breeding. He was kept at
Falmouth, Indiana, the seasons of 1857 and 1858, and was very
widely known in that region as "Shawhan's Tom Hal." He was
quite a large horse, and to take the description as given him,
"he could pace like the wind." He was then taken back to
Kentucky, leaving a multitude of good colts behind him, among


them the famous pacing gelding, Hoosier Tom, 2:19^. One of
his Indiana sons passed into the hands of William Gray, of Rush
County, Indiana, and became known as Gray's Tom Ilal. Noth-
ing is known of the dam of this horse. He was the sire of Little
(Jipsey, trotter, 'Z:22, and Limber Jack, pacer, 2:18^, besides six
daughters that produced nine performers.

About 18G;3-4 Mr. Shropshire, Jr., a son of the owner of the
original Tom Hal, brought a little roan Tom Hal horse to Rush-
ville, Indiana, where he stood a number of years and was known
as Shropshire's Tom Hal. This horse was probably by Lail's
Tom Hal, as he was too young to be by the original of the name.
He was a fast pacer, but nothing is known of his progeny or his-
tory. The locating of this Indiana branch of the family is of
particular interest, for it shows a concentration of pacing blood
that was doubtless a strong reinforcement to Blue Bull.

Tom Hal (Kittrell's) was a large bay horse and a pacer,
bought by Major M. B. Kittrell in 1850 of Simeon Kirtly, near
Centerville, Bourbon County, Kentucky, and taken to Middle
Tennessee. His sire was rejaresented to have been a large pac-
ing bay horse that was brought from Canada, thereby implying
that he was the original of the name, brought to Kentucky.
While it is possible that the original Mason horse may have been
the sire of Major Kittrell's horse, the size and color of that horse
do not correspond with what has been accepted as facts. It is
altogether more probable that the sire of the Tennessee horse was a
son of the original Tom Hal, as the roan color seems to be
strongly fixed in all branches of the family.

Tom Hal Jr. (Gibson's) was a roan horse, foaled 1860. Got
by Kittrell's Tom Hal; dam (bred by John Leonard), by Adam's
Stump, pacer; grandam said to be by Cummings' Whip, pacer.
Bred by H. C. Saunders, Nashville, Tennessee; kept a number
of years by T. D. Moore, Petersburg, Tennessee, afterward
owned by Polk Bros, and Major Campbell Brown, of Springhill,
Tennessee. Adams' Stump was a roan horse and a fast pacer
and he was not only the sire of Julia Johnson, the dam of this
horse, but also of the dam of Bonesetter. He died of old age,
July, 1890. The strong concentration of pacing blood in his
veins gave him unusual power in trinsmitting his inherited habit
of action. He put fourteen representatives in the 2:30 list, and
what is unprecedented, they are all pacers.

Brown Hal is a brown horse, as his name indicates, foaled


1879, got by Gibson's Tom Hal; dam the pacing mare Lizzie, the
dam of the pacer Little Brown Jug, by John Netherlands son of
Henry Hal; grandam Blackie, by John Hal, son of John Eaton;
great-grandam Old March, by Young Conqueror. Bred by R.
H. Moore, Culleoka, Tennessee, passed to M. C. Campbell and
Campbell Brown, Springhill, Tennessee. Here we have a still
stronger intensification of the pacing instinct, for this horse not
only has a pacing record himself of 2:12-^, but he put twenty of
his progeny into the standard list, and all of them pacers. It is
not shown by the Year Book that either tliis horse or his sire has
any trotters to his credit, but it can hardly be doubted that some
of their progeny took naturally to the diagonal trot, and not
showing encouraging speed, were never developed.

If the question were asked, ''What is to result from this in-
tensely pacing family?" it would be very difficult to frame a satis-
factory answer. At present this family shows all the vigor of
youth in its new develoijment, but, judging by others that have
come and gone, it too, in its turn, will be submerged in more
prepotent strains, that will more nearly meet the wants of their
masters. The pacer has been lifted from obscurity and made the
equal of the trotter as a race horse; his blood has contributed to
an unknown extent in giving speed to the trotter, but he must be
as good a horse for all uses as the trotter, or nobody will want him.

Ken'TUCKY Hunter, the head of the family bearing this nama
that, at one time, was very prominent in Central New York,
was foaled 1822, and was bred by Louis Sherrill of New Hart-
ford, New York, and was got by Watkins' Highlander. His
dam was a mare bought from a couple of dealers who were pass-
ing through New Hartford with some six or seven horses for
sale, and they represented this mare to have been brought from
Kentucky. On this representation she was called "a Kentucky
mare." She was a fine saddle mare and for this reason she was
used chiefly for that service. From her superiority as a saddler,
I think it is safe to conclude she was a pacer and could go the
saddle gaits. Kentucky Hunter was a chestnut horse, a little
above medium size. Mr. Sherrill sold him when young to
Messrs. Bagg and Goodrich who kept him two years and sold him
to William Ferguson, of Oriskany Falls, New York, and Mr.
Ferguson continued to own him till he died in 1838.

During the lifetime of this horse the pacing gait was considered


an evidence of bad breeding, and this prejudice has continued for
many years. The saddle was going out of use and wheels were
coming in. After Flora Temple electrified the trotting world,
writers had a great deal to say of her origin and family, but no
one ever intimated that her grandsire was a pacer. From sources
that I have no reason to doubt, I have been informed he was not
only a pacer, but a fast pacer. This habit of actibn was not
popular with breeders, and Mr. Ferguson kept it concealed as
much as possible. When the pacer, Oneida Chief, from his own
loins, was beating Lady Suffolk, three miles in 7:44, to saddle,
and many of the other cracks of that day, his sire was dead and
nothing was then to be made by proclaiming from the housetops
that Oneida Chief was by old Kentucky Hunter.

Very little is known of Watkins' Highlander, the sire of this
horse. He was brought to Whitestown, New York, 1821, by
Julius Watkins, from Connecticut. Some of the older men who
knew the horse insist that Mr. Watkins represented him to be
by a son of imported Messenger, and out of Nancy Dawson by
imported Brown Highlander. This is possible, indeed probable,
but it is not established.

Bogus HuNTER.was one of the younger sons of Kentucky
Hunter. He was a cliestnut horse of good size and came out of
a mare by Bogus. But little is known of this horse, and that
little is rendered still Vnore uncertain by the unreliable character
of his owners, the Loomis bi'others, of Sangerfield, New York.
It is certain, however, that a horse owned by the Loomises and
called by this name was the sire of the famous world beater.
Flora Temple. This fact rests upon the testimony of Mr.
Samuel Welch, a reputable and trustworthy man who owned the
dam of Flora and had her coupled with this horse, under his own

Edwin Forrest, the most prominent representative of this
family, was a large and rather loosely made bay horse, foaled
1851, got by Young Bay Kentucky Hunter, son of Bay Kentucky
Hunter, that was by the original Kentucky Hunter. His dam,
Doll, bred by Mrs. Crane, of Whitestown, Oneida County, New
York, was by Watkins' Highlander; grandam a chestnut mare
owned in the Crane family, by Black Kiver Messenger, son of
Ogden's Messenger. The identification of this grandson of im-
ported Messenger was secured after the appearance of the fifth
volume of the "Register." This same mare, Doll, the next year


produced Wamock's Highland Messenger, that was taken to Ken-
tucky, and was a valuable element in the road -horse blood of that
State. Edwin Forrest was bred by Barnes Davis, Oneida, Madison
County; owned two years by H. L. Barker, of Clinton, New
York, sold to Marcus Downing, of Kentucky, by him to Wood-
burn Farm, and after a time he passed to a company at Keokuk,
Iowa, and then to George W. Ferguson, of Marshalltown, Iowa,
where he was burned up in 1874.

It has been said this horse was a pacer and converted to a trot-
ter, but this does not seem to be sustained by the facts. He was
shown as a three-year-old at the Oneida County Fair, and he was
then a square natural trotter and was considered very fast, for
he was fully able to distance all the other colts of his age. The
story of his being a pacer probably grew out of the fact that
there was a strong pacing strain in the family, as the original
Kentucky Hunter was undoubtedly a pacer. Many of the Ken-
tucky Hunters were speedy travelers and a few of them were
fast. Black Eiver Messenger was a horse of very wide local
reputation for the superiority of his progeny as rapid travelers.
The union of the Messenger blood with pacing blood produced
excellent results in this, as well as in thousands of other cases.
As was the common usage before the establishment of the "Trot-
ting Eegister," this horse was advertised with two fictitious crosses
added to his pedigree — his grandam was given as by Duroc, and
his great-grandam as by imported Messenger. Only two from
his loins were able to enter the 2:30 list; six of his sons got seven
performers and twelve of his daughters produced fifteen trotters.

Skenandoah (afterward called Kentucky Hunter) was a bay
horse, foaled 1854, got by Brokenlegged Hunter, son of the orig-
inal Kentucky Hunter; dam not clearly established. He was
bred by Mr. Sykes, near Canastota, and passed through several
hands to Henry Dewey, of Morrisville, New York, who trotted
him in a number of races in Central New York and then took
him to California, where he was kept in the stud a number of
years under the name of Kentucky Hunter, and died there 1871.
He got one trotter; one son that left two performers and seven
daughters that left nine performers.

Drew Horse, commonly called "Old Drew," was a brown bay
horse, foaled 1842, and was about fifteen and one-quarter hands
high and well-formed. He was bred, or rather raised, by Hiram


Drew, then of Exeter, Maine, who kept him all his life. The
story of his siipposed sire was one of those weakly devised fictions,
so common in that day, and especially where the Canadian border
could be made effective in rounding it out. To show that the
mysterious colt that became the sire of Drew Horse was "thor-
oughbred," the stereotyped "British Army officer" is made
jivailable, for the hundredth time, as having brought a mare
from England in foal to a thoroughbred horse, the foal was
dropped and at three years old he was traded by the aforesaid
"officer" to the party that brought the colt to Maine. Unfor-
tunately for the story, the party who made the trade and the
•story had a bad memory, and sometimes he located the trade at
St. Johns and sometimes at Fredericton, New Brunswick. But
the fiction served its generation and was not exposed till long
after the Drew Horse was dead. The facts in the matter seem
to be simply these: a stallion colt was running in a pasture ad-
joining Mr. Drew's pasture, and that colt got over the fence, was
found with Mr. Drew's mare, and in due time she dropped the
colt known as the "Drew Horse." The fence-breaker was soon
after made a gelding and sold, and nothing is known of him,
either before or after this escapade. The dam of the Drew
Horse was a bay mare about fifteen and one-half hands high,
foaled about 183G, and bred by Mark Pease, of Jackson, Maine.
Her sire was called Sir Henry and was represented to be by a son
of American Ecliiise, that was taken to Maine from Connecticut
by Dr. Brewster and sold to General F. W. Lander. She was
known as Grace Darling and afterward as Boston Girl. She was
on the turf and was quite a trotter, and it is claimed she made a
record of 2:37, and her dam was Lady Jane by Winthrop Mes-
senger. While I don't know what the inheritance of this horse
was on the side of his sire, I do know that he had a trottinar
inheritance on the side of his dam. He lived till 1866 and then
had to be. destroyed on account of a broken leg.

This horse was never trained, and it is not known what he
might have been able to do as a trotter. He put two of his sons
in the 2:30 list, Dirigo and General McClellan. Of his sons, two
put five trotters and three pacers in the list, and of his daughters
left six representatives there. Besides these he left a number of
others with records a little short of the limit of speed, and many
without records that were fast and very game roadsters.

Dirigo, at first called George B. McClellan, under which name


he made his record, was the best son of Drew Horse. He was a
brown horse, and in appearance much like his sire. He was
foaled 1856 and came out of a mare that has not been traced, but
was doubtless a pacing mare. He was bred by Horace McKinney,
Monroe, Maine, and passed to David Quimby, of Corinna, Maine,
and died 1884. He made his record of 2:29 in a single heat and
never was on the track again. Four trotters and two pacers by
him entered the 2:30 list. Two of his sons became the sires of
three trotters, and five of his daughters each produced a per-
former. He left others with and without records that were fast
and stylish drivers.

Hiram Drew, at first called Bay Morgan, was a son of Old
Drew, and his dam was a small bay mare, owned near Bangor and
said to be of Morgan blood. This horse was on the turf some
years and was engaged in some locally important contests, but
never was able to make himself standard either by his own or the
performance's of his progeny. His best performance, I believe,
was 2:31|.

WiNTHROP was a bay horse, foaled 18G4, got by Drew Horse;
dam by the Eton Horse and grandam by Stone or Simpson's Mes-
senger. He was bred by E. J. Greene, Newport, Maine; taken
to California 1870, and there owned by Judge W. E. Greens and
L. E. Yates, of Stockton. It does not appear that he ever was
trained, and consequently has no record. His opportunities,
probably, were not very great, but whether or not, he was not
successful in the stud. He left one trotter and one pacer and
the dams of one trotter and one pacer.

This family never was large, and its popularity was up and
down just as a few individuals might be successful or unsuccess-
ful on the turf. To start with, it had a very weak inheritance
of trotting instinct, and that weakness did not strengthen in suc-
ceeding generations. Of late years it has failed to maintain
itself as a trotting family, and is now practically out of the
reckoning of trotters.

Hiatoga, generally known as Rice's Hiatoga, was a bay pac-
ing horse and was bred in Rockingham County, Virginia, and
taken to Fairfield County, Ohio, by Edward Rice, some time about
1836. He had the reputation of being a fast pacer, and was sold
to William Shiruo, of the same county, and by him to William
Munger, in Avhose possession he died. He was got by a horse


Icnown in Virginia as Hiatoga, and also American Hiatoga, but
nothing is known of the blood of his dam. Nothing is known of
his speed or his progeny except through the two sons here given.

Hiatoga, generally designated as '"Old Togue/' was got by
Rice's Hiatoga; dam by Thunderbolt, grandam by Black or Bold
Rover. He was foaled 18-13 and was bred by David W. Brown, of
Perry County, Ohio; sold 1849 to John Joseph, Kirkersville,
Ohio, where he made some seasons and was sold 1855 to Alvah
Perry, Lancaster, where he remained till 1863, and was sold to
Harvey Wilson, and two years later to William McDonald,
€olumbus, Ohio, where he died 1871. This horse left excellent
stock and many of them fast pacers, but they never cut much
figure on the turf.

Hiatoga (Hanley's) was a bay pacing horse of good size and
quality and was very popular as a sire. He was foaled 1849, got
by Rice's Hiatoga; dam an elegant bay mare sixteen hands high
and represented to be of "Sir Peter and Eclipse blood." This
mare was formerly given as byFiretail, but the present rendering,
whatever it may mean, comes from sources Avith opportunities
to know. He was bred by John Bright, of Fairfield County, sold
to Joseph Watt, and taken to Harrison County and then to Jeifer-
son County, and sold to James Davis Tweed. He next passed
through the hands of David Rittenhouse and Moses Hanley, of
Hopedale, Ohio, and after three or four years in the stud Mr.
Hanley sold him to David Rittenhouse, John Wiley and Samuel
Hanley for two thousand five hundred dollars, and he died the
property of Mr. Rittenhouse near Hopedale, Ohio, 1858. Two
of his progeny entered the 2:30 list; three of his sons left thir-
teen performers, and three daughters produced five.

Hiatoga (Scott's) was a bay pacer foaled 1858, got by Han-
ley's Hiatoga; dam by Blind Tuckahoe (pacer); grandam by Con-
sul. This horse was quite fast and paced under the name of
Tuscarawas Chief. He was the best of the family and was bred
and owned by Samuel Scott, East Springfield, Jefferson County,
Ohio. He put five trotters and four pacers in the 2:30 list; seven
of his sons and seventeen of his daughters were producers.

The Hiatoga family seems to have no trotting inheritance ex-
cept from the pacer. It is a useful family and still has vitality.



Characteristics of the Morgans — History of the original Morgan — The fabled
pedigree — The true Briton theory — Justin Morgan's breeding hopelessly
unknown — Sherman Morgan — Black Hawk — His disputed paternity — His
dam called a Narragansett — Ethan Allen — His great beauty, speed and
popularity — The Flying Morgan claim baseless — His dam of unknown
blood — His great race with Dexter — Daniel Lambert, the only successful
sire of the Black Hawk line.

Fifty years ago there was no family of horses so popular as
the "Morgans." They were carried into all parts of the country
at high prices and they gave their purchasers general satisfac-
tion. They were small, perhaps not averaging over fourteen and

Online LibraryOscar WildeLady Windermere's fan, and The importance of being Earnest → online text (page 38 of 61)