PRESENTED TO THE LIBRARY
PRINCETON THEOLOGICSL SEMINSRY
|V[fs. Alc3^andeF Pfoudfit.
VERSION OF THE NEW TESTAMENT;
A PRACTICAL IMPROVEMENT OF EACH SECTION.
IN SIX VOLUMES.
VOLUME SEC<>ND, CONTAINING THE LATTER PART OF
THE HISTORY OF OUR LORD JESUS CHRIST,
AS RECORDED BY THE FOUR EVANGELISTS.
DISPOSED IN THE ORDER OF AN HARMONY.
BY P. bODDRIDGE, D. D.
TO WHICH IS PREFIXED,
A LIFE OF THE AUTHOR,
BY ANDREW KIPPIS, D.D. F.R.S. AND S. A.
.1)V?2^ Scripture tuce delici
FROM THE EIGHTH LONDON EDITION.
>OLD BV HIM AT WASHINGTON HEAD BOOKSTORE. SOLD ALSO BY SAXB
ETHERIDGE AND COMPANY, IN BOSTON-
S. Etlieridge, printer, Charlestown, Massachusetts.
LIBRARY OF PRINCETON
AUG I I 20M
i HE publication of this second volume of the family
EXPOSITOR hath been delayed so long, beyond my own ex-
pectation, and that of my friends, that it may perhaps seem
necessary to introduce it with an apology for that delav. But it
would be tedious to enumerate a variety of circumstances which
have concurred to occasion it. It is generally known, that the
unusual severity of the last winter laid a kind of embargo on the
press J and they that are at all acquainted with the business of
printings will easily apprehend, that under the most faithful and
careful direction, a work of considerable bulk is liable to many
other interruptions, even where the manuscript is entirely finish-
ed before the impression is begun. But after all, the chief reason
why this hath been published no sooner, is (what I bore my suh'
scrihers will easily excuse) the large addition I haf e made of
more than ffty sheets to the hundred which I was by the prQm
posals obliged to deliver.
On the mention of this, I think myself obliged to renew my
thanks to those, who, by honouring me with their names and
encouragement on this occasion, have put it into my power to
publish the work with such improvements ; and shall think my-
self happy, if those improvements, however laborious and expen-
sive to the author^ may render it more acceptable and useful to
The tables prefixed to xhc first volume are Included in this^ and
represent the disposition of the harmony in so clear a view, that
by comparing them together it would not be difficult to find any
particular text. But a deference to the request of some of the
subscribers^ engaged me to add another table at the end of this
volume (of the same kind with that in Mr, BoniieVs Harmony^ J
which will at once direct both to the section sind page where any
I'erse may presently be found.
I cannot pretend so much as to conjecture when the remainder
of my undertaking will be completed. I shall however proceed
in it as fast as my health and other affairs will permit. In the
mean time, I think it necessary to observe, that I have, by the
advice of some considerate and judicious friends, deferred tl^e
hicte.y:, and some other things which I intended to have thrown
into an appendix here, till I have finished what I am preparing
on the Acts ; that so they -may stand, as they very properly will,
at the end of the historical books of the Nexv Testament.
How far the subscribers to these txvo volwnes may think it proper
to encourage the rest, must be referred to themselves. In the
mean time, as that must be exceeding precarious which depends
on the continuance of one man's life and health, I would desire
permission here to take leave of my friends, at least for the pres-
ent, with such a serious address as may be the most substantial
expression of my sincere gratitude and respect.
I should have thought, my honoured friends, that I had made
you a very unworthy return for this public token of your regard
to me, if I had offered you merely an amitsement^ though ever so
critical 2cadi polite. It had been much better, on both sides, that
the work should never have been undertaken or perused, than
that these Divine authors should be treated like a set o^ profane
classics ; or that the sacred, and momentous transactions they
relate should be handled and read like an invented tale, or a com-
mon history. I have often reminded myself oi'it^ and permit me
now. Sirs, solemnly to remind yoii^ that these are the memoirs of
the holv Jesus, the Saviour of sinful men, zvhom to know is life
eternal^ and whom to neglect is everlasting destruction. We
have here the authentic records of that gospel which was intend-
ed as the great medicine for our souls ; of that character which is
our pattern ; of that death which is our ransom ; of Him^ in short,
whose name we bear as we are professed Christicms, and before
whose tribwCal we are all shortly to appear, that our eternal exist-
ence may be determined, blissful, or miserable, according to our
regard to what he has taught, and done, and endured. Let not
the greatest therefore think it beneath their notice ; nor the
meanest imagine, that, amidst all the most necessary cares and
labours, they can find any excuse for neglecting, or even for
Had I not been fully convinced of the certainty and import'
ance of Christianity^ I should not have determined to devote
my whole life to its service (for on the principles of natural
religion^ I know the soul to be immortal^ and should expect
nothing but its ruin in the ways of the most sanctified fraud :)
but as I am thus convinced, I must make it my humble request
to every one thai enters on the perusal of these volumes^ that thev
may, for a little while at least, be the employment of his retired
hours ; and that as he proceeds from one sectio?i to another, he
would pause and reflect, " Whose words do I hear? Whose act'ioii.^
do I survey ? Whose sufferings do I contemplate V And as all
must know they are the words^ the actions^ and the sufferings
of Jesus the Son of God, our supreme Lord^ and our final Jiidge^
let it be farther and very seriously inquired in what degree the
obvious and confessed design of the glorious gospel has been prac-
tically regarded and complied with : " Can I, in my heart, think
that I am a disciple w^hom such a blaster will approve, and
w^hom he will choose for his attendant in that world of glory to
which he is now gone?" Let the plainness of this advice be'
forgiven ; for such is the temper and conduct of most who call
themselves Christians^ that, if this religion be true, their cold
and unaffecting knowledge of the history of Christy and oiiht pur-
poses of his appearance^ will only serve to' furnish out matter for
eternal selfaccusation and remorse : and he is, at best, but a
learned and polite injidel who would not rather be the instrument
of conducting the lowest creature, capable of reading or hearing
these lines, to the saving knowledge of a crucified Redeemer^ than
fill the most refined nation w^ith his ovvu applause, while the
grace of the Saviour is forgotten, or his service neglected.
I have yet one farther request to add to those of my readers
who are heads of families ; w^hich is, that they would please to
remember the title of the zvork^ and consider it as chiefly intended,
in its most essential parts, for a Fajnihj Expositor, I heartily
rejoice in the reason which I have to hope, that, low as our relig-
ious character is fallen in these degenerate days, acts of domestic
worship are yet performed by multitudes oi Christians of various
denominations : yet I cannot but fear, that the scriptures are not
so constantly read at such seasons as they formerly were; an
omission which must be to the great detriment both of children
and servants. One w^ould think, that those who believe the
Divine authority of Scripture^ and its infinite importance^ should
be easily prevailed upon to restore this useful exercise, at least
for one part of the day ; and I w^ould hope, that what I here
off'er them may render it more agreeable and useful. It would
give me inexpressible delight to find that this is the case in those
families with which I am most intimately acquainted ; and would
be an encouragement to hope this v/ork may be proportion ably
useful in places and times to which neither my observation nor
intelligence can extend.
1 shall conclude this preface^ with my hearty prayers, that,
weak and imperfect as these labours are, the Divine blessing m^y
every zvhcre and always attend them ; and that it may rest on all
who have patronized them, and on all who shall peruse them \
May every prejudice against the truth of Christianity, or against
its poxver^ be vanquished ! May the most insensible minds be
awakened to attend to religion^ and may the weak and languish-
ing be animated to press on to greater attainments in it ! May
those that are preparing for the service of the sanctuary (as every
part of this performance is their concern,) be by every part of it
more abundantly furnished for the various duties of their import-
ant office ! And may those who are as yet but babes in knoxvledge^
through the Divine blessing ^/-row by that sincere inilk of the word^
which is here presented, as I trust, in its genuine simplicity ! In
a word, may rciKny persons^ families^ and larger societies^ receive
devout pleasure and solid lasting improvement from it ; that the
Great God, of -whom and through xvhom are all things, may in all
be glorified, through Jesus Christ our Lord, who in all the sacred
volumes, and especially here, is the Alpha and the Omega, the
Beginning and the Eyid, the First and the Last, to whom be ever-
lasting honour, love and obedience ! Amen,
A'lgust 9, 1740. 5
A TABLE OF THE CHAPTERS
IN THIS VOLUME, DIRECTING TO THE SECTIONS WHERE THEY ARE PLACEP^
S 90. 91,
S 93, 94,
XXIII 157, 158.
96, 93. -
I 167, 168,
..AVI ^ jgj^ jg2^
XXVIII ^jgg^ 202
28 to 56
, C 90, 91,
56^ 92, 93,
'Â°C 96, 127
_ - , 108.
XI u 1, ^
fo 13,37,5-109, 110.
i 167, 168,
J 170, 172,
I 181, 18^
XVIII <137. 14:;,
J 143, 144,
- , 167
I 172, 170,
J 169, 171,
I 173, 181,
I 182, 183,
^ 202, 203
A TABLE OF THE SECTIONS
IS THEIR ORDER, SHEWIXG THE DISPOSITION OF THE HARMONV.
, cxxx VI
xvii. 22, adjin.
Cixâ 33â 37
i 42, adfn.
ix. 37 43
ix. 49, 50
\ii. 37, adfn.
X. 38, ad Jin.
xi. 37, ad Jin.
xii. 35 â 48
xii. 49, adfn.
xxiii. 23, adfn.
xiv. 25,, adfn.
XV. 11, adfn.
xvi. 19, adfn.
J. xvii. 12â10
;:vii. 20, adfn
x> iii. 1â 14
. X. 24â38
â X. 39, adfn.
Ix 1â 10
X iiâ 21
X 22, adfn.
xix. 16, odf-.
X jii. 15â17
xi. 47, adf7i.
â ' . 32-46
K .-1.31-34 ,
A TABLE OF THE SECTIONS, &c.
IX. 29, ad Jin.
X â iS, ad Jill.
xxvi. 6 â 13
xxi. 18, 19
xxi. 33, ad Jin.
xxii. 1 â 14
xxii. 15â 22
xxii. 34, ad Jin.
xxiv. 1 â 14
xxiv. o7, ad Jin
XXV. 1 â 13
XXV. 31, ad fin.
Cxxvi. 1 â 5
xiv. 3 â 9
XV. 11 â
i.xii. 1 â
xii. 28 â 'o7
xii. 41, ad Ji.n.
xiii. 1 â 13
xiii. oo, ad fin.
xiv. 1,2, 10, 11
xxvi. 31 â 35
\xvi. 36 â 46
xxvi. 47 â 5^
Cxxvi. 57, 58
\ 69, ad fin.
Cxxvii. 1, 2
xix. 29â 40
XX. 41, ad fin.
Cxiv. S'iy 54
\ 66, ad fin.
xiv. 55 â ^5
\ 25, 27, 28
Cxv. 24, 26
XX. 45, ad fin.
xxi. 25 â 33
xxi. 34 â o^
Cxxii 1 â 6
xxii, 31 â 34
xxii. 19, 20
xxii. 35 â 38
xxii. 40 â 46
xxii. 63, ad fin.
XX ii. 1 â 4
xxiii. 5 â 23
xxiii. 24, 25
xxiii. 26 â 34 â
xxiii. â 34 â 43
xii, 44, ad fin.
xi . 2â3â17
5 xiii.â 2
I ^ 18â30
xiii. 31, ad fin.
xiv. 15, ad fin.
XV. 12, ad fin.
xvi. 16, ad fin.
xvii. 13, ad fin.
C xviii. 19â
I 23, 28â
xviii.â 28â 38
xviii. 39, ad fin.
A TABLE OF THE SECTIONS, &c^
xxvli. 45 â 54
xxvii . 55 â 61
C 62, adjin.
xxviii. 1 â 4
iiviii. 5 â 10
xxviii. 11 â 15
XV. 40, ad Jin.
xvi. 1, 2-, 3, 4
xvi. 12, 13
xvi. 19, adfn.
xxili. 44 â 48
xxVn. 49, adfn.
xxiv. 1, 2, 12
xxiv â 33â43
xxiv. 44 â 49
xxiv. 50, ad Jin.
xix. 31, ad Jin.
;.â 2, 3.
The latter Part of the History of CHRIST, as recorded by
Christ goes up to a mountain^ where he is transfigured^ and dis:-
courses tvith his disciples concerning the expectation the Jetus
had of Elijah, Mat. XVII. 1â13. Mark IX. 2â 13. Luke
Mark IX. 2. ^ MarK IX. 2. _
A ND [Luke, It /^iVZ) it Came to pass after six days, [or] if sect,
Â£^r """"S ^"^ dav's' ^'^^^ include the first and last, about eight ^^
[iL.uKE,"^or ab^out f"*^!/^^ ^/^^^' *^^^^^ discourses, which were related J^
eight days after in the two last sections, jfesus took rvith him ix.2 -
these sayings,] Je- those three disciples whom he honoured with
pTtef al7'jameT, something of a peculiar intimacy (compare
and John [his broth- Mark V. 37, and Mat. xxvi. 37,) namely, Peter
er,] and leadeth and James, and his brother John, and brought
them up into an ^^^^^^ ^^p pfi^atehj, to an hi^h mountain apart
high mountain ~ i^ I'^i-i i -i ^
apart by themselves Irom the people,^ whither he retired to pray ;
[Luke, to pray.] intending, as he often did, to spend the night
[Mat. XVII. 1. \^ ^h^t holv exercise.^
Luke IX. 28.] i j i . â¢ â¢. ^ .i. .
Luke IX. 29. A:nd as he xvas praying, it came to pass that Luke
And as he prayed, he was suddenly, in a most glorious manner, ix. 29
* Jn high mountain apart from the peo- Christ was just before near Cesarea Phll-
ple.] yerom tells us ( Epist. 17, 18,) that ippi, this must be the mountain in that
there was in his days an ancient tradition neighbourhood on which one of Jero-
that this was Mount Tabor, which lay in boam's calves had been worshipped ; over
the tribe of Zehulon. Its standing ^/jflrf which he thinks it a kind of triumph that
(as Mr. Maimdreli observes that it does, the Shekinah was thus gloriously mani-
y/at-e/i-, p. 112) is to be sure no argu- fested, where it had been so long affronted
rncnt to prove it ; for that expression only by idolatry. See Fleming^s Christology^
signifies that it was a private retirement. Vol. I. p. 40.
which it might have been, had it made
part of a ridge of mountains. However, â¢' To spend the night in that holy exer-
as this happened at the distance o^ six cise.] This appears from Luke ix. 37,
daysy there seems to be but little prdiabil- where we read of their coming dovin/roiri
ity in Mr. Fleming's eonjeetuTCr tkat sincÂ£ the mwntmn the nâ¬f(t day. See p. 8.
Ghrist is tramfgured on a mountain.
transfigured in their presence ; and the form of [Mark, he was
his cLfntemnce was chansedf \so that] Ins face ^^^^^^^,^1^.
shone with a brightness /z>fe^ that oj the sun; i^^ ^f ^jg counte-
and his whole body was clothed with such a nance was altered,
histre, as shone through /Â»,? raiment, insomuch [j?^/'Â«^ his face did
, ' Â°P . 11 / â¢* ^ shine as the sun ;1
that the appearance of it was all xvhite and ^^^ j^.^ raiment ^as
dazzling-,*^ shinifig' so exceeding-ly, ih^x.itst&inQd white and glister-
as 7vhite as sno7i\ [yea] as resplendent as the jug-, [Mark, shin-
liffht itself, to .. great a degree Â«, no fuller on ::^^f^::Z
earth could whiten it. Such a* glory did Lxod light,] [Mark, so as
confer on his Son, as an earnest of that in no fuller on earth
which he was finally to appear; and he per- f^\.;;^^^^'|v\^j^^^2-!
mitted these his servants to see it, that they mark IX. â 2, 3.]*
might not be offended at those scenes of deep
abasement in which they were shortly to attend
him. (Compare Mat. xxvi. 37, sect, clxxxii.)
Mark And behold, there appeared to them, Tit th^ MaekIX.4. And
^^ ^ same time that they saw their Lord in this [behold] there ap-
solendid form, tivo men, that were talking with peared unto them
Jesus in a language and accent which the three [.V^' J"" â¢Â»:i
apostles heard and understood, xvno were [Luke, which were
known to be Moses the great giver, and EDjah Moses and Eli as :]
Luke the zealous restorer of the law. These were P^'^'^W'^o^V' ^"
IX. 31 the persons whom they saw with Christ, in l^ke IX 31.
whose honour their respective ministrations who appeared in
terminated ; who appearing to their view in g"loryÂ» and spake of
forms of slory. somewhat resembling that j;- ^^^ ^_
which he now wore himself, spake oj his exit, pi^sh ^t Jerusalem.
or departure out of the present life and state,
which he rvas shortlij after, even at the ensuing
passover, to accomplish at Jerusalem;^ sug-
gesting and enlarging on such thoughts as
were proper to animate him to so painful and
glorious a conflict. 32 But Peter, anl
32 But Peter, and they that were with hhn, even they that were witk
Â« The form, ofhiscoimtenance
This was so striking a circumstance, that been destroyed.
Eunaplus (Vit. Jambl. p. 22,) reUites a
story Â«f Jamblicus, wliich seems evidently <= Spake of his exit, which uca'as shortly tÂ»
to be b;)rro\vcd from this ; as many tilings accomplish at yenisalevi.~\ Dr. Hammond
which Pliilostratus tells us of ApoUonius and Le Clerc seem greatly mistaken in
Tyaneus seem also to have been bor- referring this to Chrisis victory over the
rowed from other histories recorded of impenitent Jews in the r/c*?rz/c?/on c/* ^erM-
Christ by the evangelists. salem by the Romans ; for though the
^ JVhite and dazzling.'] The words xewx-o? word i^oSo; does sometimes signify a niili-
t'^it^ pa-rim may literally be rendered, nvhite tary expedition (see Eisner. Obser
as lightning; but as this clause stands p. 219,) yet it is plainly used for death, or
here connected with parallel passages in depcmture out of the luorld, 2 Pet. i. 15, and
t\iG other eT.^a?igelists, I chose to render it Wisd. iii. 2 ; which suits much better here
dhizlingy that some proper ^'rai/afion might with the construction, ev iÂ£/!s3-itxÂ«,w.
The disciples arc astonished and afraid. S
him, were heavy the two other disciples, did not see the begin- sect.
when fhey '' were "l"? ^^ this glorious vision, nor hear the whole ^Â°-
awake, they saw his ^^ ^^^s wonderful and edifying discourse ; for,
glory, and the two wearied with the labours of the preceding day, ^^ ^c,
men that stood witli ^hey xvere quite overburdened and sunk down " """^
ivith sleep ; but being aivakened with the splen-
dour of those rays which pierced through the
darkness of the night that had before favoured
their slumbers, they sazv^ to their inexpressible
astonishment, his unusual glory, and the txvo
wen ivho xvere standing zvith him, and heard the
conclusion of their conference, from whence
33â And it came they collected who they were.^ And it came to Zo
to pass, as they cle- pass that, just as they xvere departing from him^
parted fromhim,Pe- Peter answered and said unto Jesus, Master, itis
ter I answered and ] , y> . 7 . â¢ i â¢
saiduntoJesusjMas- g^odjor US to be here m such a circumstance as
ter, it is good for us this : let this glorious appearance and converse
to be here ; and [if be prolonged ; for we could delight to spend all
make [here] "three the remainder of our days thus; f/TZ^ therefore,
tabernacles, one for if thou pleas est, let US make three tents here f for
Thee, and one for Thee One, and for Moses one, and one for Elijah,
EHas^'b^'^AT.xVn' ^^""^ ^^""^ ^^^^^ ^^^"^ mayest lodge here in a
4. Mark IX. 5.] Hiore convenient manner. This was indeed a Mark
Mark IX. 6. For wild kind of proposal, ill suiting the state of these ix. 6
he wist not [Luke, glorified persons, or the subject of their late
what to say, for the V discourse : but it is the less to be wondered at,
were sore afraid.] considering the great surprise in which Peter
^LuKE IX.â 33.] was, for he knexv not xjohat he said, [or] should