Patrick Lyon Strathmore.

The book of record, a diary written by Patrick first earl of Strathmore and other documents relating to Glamis castle, 1684-1689 online

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knowledge thereof I have immediately ordered the payment by
Thomas Steel in Dundee.

Margrat CroU her house compt being presented to me and I
ignorant of many of the particulars thereof have sent in to
Dundee for her present ayde 33 lib. 7ss. being about the halfe
foi. 104. of the extent thereof.

My son's man Jo" Lyon had this day five pond sterlin to
compt for to his master upon his goeing to the Weems.

Sold to Jean Leg sixtaine bolls bear for which she hes payed
me the money.

I had a full intentione to have made a finall transactione for
the whole debt I owe to Burnsyde, but there was a debt of
Invereighties and another of Ardblairs wherein neither of them
were able to satisfie Burnsyde in security and I chused rather
then to let it ly any longer undone to doe it in a part fully
designing to apply the same tuo soumes for satisfying Burn-
syde, the remainder for which I have given him instantly bond.

The transactione is as followes

ffirst after clear compt I am debitor to him
upon two severall bonds in the soume of . 4142 6 8

Payed in maner following
(1.) By Rob* and Ja. Doigs ther bond the

soume of 603 lib. 13ss. 8d. from w^^ there is

halfe a yeares @ rent to be rebated in

regard the same is only payable att Witt.

nixt w* @ rent thereafter, so remains . 0585 10 11

(2.) By James Dickeson's bond payable att

Mert. nixt with halfe a yeares @ rent

196 lib. 5ss. 6d. . . . . 0196 05 6

(3.) By Thomas Nicol in Balmacewin his bond

March '^^.
My eldest son

Jean Leg.

4th day.
w* Bumsyd.



0161 17 5

0145 03

0127 04 2

0090 13 4

payable att Witt, iiixt w*^. halfe a yeares @

rent .....

(4.) By John Ross bond due w' @ rent from

Mertis. last 145 lib. 3ss.
(5.) By Jon Blair in Thorn tone his bond bear-
ing @ rent from Mert. last 127 lib. 4ss. 2d.
(6.) By Ja. Steel in Kinnalty his bond bearing

@ rent from Mert. last 90 lib. 13ss. 4d.
(7.) By Da. Thomsone of Walkmilne of Glen-
boy his bond for 76 lib. from w^^ is to be

deducted 2 lib. 5ss. 7d. as halfe-a-yeares @

rent thereof the said bond bearing no @

rent till after Witt, nixt remanes 73 lib.

14ss. 5d. .....

(8.) By David Sampsone in bents milne his

bond for 47 lib. 2ss. 6d. and 4 lib. 4ss. 6d.

of extent proceeding Mert. last, iiide
(9.) By James Aliburton in Easter toune of

Ketens his bond for 76 lib. 9ss. payable att

Mert. last with @ rent thereafter inde.

The soume of thir bonds comes to on

thousand five hundred and eight pond four

shillings nyne pennies ijide.

The sum due to Burnsyd being 4142 lib.

6ss. 8d. inde. ....

The payments by the above written bonds

being .....

Rests 2634 lib. Iss. lid. for w^^ new bond

is given bearing @ rent from Mertimes last

inde. .....

Which is to be payed of by Invereighty and Arblair for
which they are to be prest and what their soumes is short is to
be made up some other way.

I owe to Thomas ffermour in the Cottoune of Auchterhouse Thomas
200 lib. scotts. I have allowed him retentione of his ferme ,tnTpT/ed'dif
bear cropt 84 w«^ payes his @ rent till Candlemes '85 last Candiemes '85.

I have this day taken up James Coupar's accts. of his intro- 9**^ day.
missione with my rents in Auchterhouse and att the same

0073 14 5

0051 07 0>/.

0076 09

1508 04


4142 06


1508 4


2634 01


The old bonds
„ are cancelled.
J Bond given to
Burnsyde for
2633 lib. 6ss. 8d.


Auchterhouse time Carried the ballance of that acct. wherein I was debtor to
1683!"^^^ ^^^^^ him to the acct. of the same yeare of Litleblair and pertinents.
G. hendersone He desyred to be excused from any more adoe att Auchter-
crop 4. j^^^gg ^ch jg jjQ^y jjj ^j-jg bands of George Hendersone who
dwells upon the place and so may do it easier,
ja. Coupar con- He continues tho. in my litle business of Litle blair being
bST"""-"'" every way litle.

Gourdie's debt And he has orders what by something in his hands and by

MMonSckett ^^^^ ^^ resting by the fewar and others there to pay a debt

to be compted w^^^ I owe to Da. Kinloch of Gourdie and the same is calculat

to be due att Lambes nixt precisely, and he is allso to prepare

M'' Jo" Crockett's acct of Litleblair w*^^ was before his entrie,

>/. 106. because he cannot, at least he will not doe it himselfe.

Da. Crighton Ordered the Payment of Dawid Crighton in Cookstone his

Merf 84"' '''^ @ J'e^t of 80 lib. upon Alex^ Reid and James Nicol who

bought bear of Da. Lyons charge of the cropt 83.
J685. I am obleidged in this place to assigne some reasone why

there should be so great an intervall of time of busines and the
account thereof. And its shortlie this, that much about the
time of the month of March mentioned before, I went to Ed*^
and forgo tt my book behind me, it had been an easie matter
to have supplyed this, but that about the time of my returne
the first appeerance of the rebellion w^*^ thereafter happened
broke out wherein every honest man was so concerned that
for most pairt they did forgoe there owne private busines as
indeed it took me up no less nor nyn or ten weeks, having
carryed into the west countrey the militia regiment of Angus
and continued their two full weeks longer then any militia of
the Kingdome having it in charge to convoy to Ed"* the whole
spoyll of the rebell Argyll ^^ — his stor's of ammunition and
warlick provision and a great many prisoners from Glasgow,
and the whole train of Artilery both from Glasgow and

Yet it is not to be supposed but ev'ne during the time
especially before our actual march into the west countrey some-
thing of my busines was done now and then as occasione did
offer w^of as it shall occur hereafter some acct. shall be given

In the month of Apryll my eldest son went to London and


returned in May his charge was litle more nor 1333 lib. 06ss. 8d. My sons going

^ I to London.

or thereabout. Two hunder

I borrowed from Sir George Lockart two hunder pond P^^^ ^.oiTowed^
sterlin w^^ was imployed for the s^ se*" uses aftermentioned. Lockart.

ffirst fiftie pound thereof was payed for a bill towards my>/. 107.
son''s charge.

Another fiftie pound went inteerly to my Lord Cars use for
wliich he will again be comptable to me.

The rest went pairtlie to My own charge being for a con-
siderable time att Ed" and pairtlie was given out to creditors
for their @ rents or oy"^ accompts whereof it's impossible to
give a particular relatione because of so much elapsed time.

I did sell to Thomas Mill of Muretoun the lands of Easter The seaii of the
and Wester Balbeno to be hold'ne feu of the Lordship of Lyon, and Wester
I had in excambion some eight aikers of Land w^^ ly upon the ^aibeno's.
east end and above the toun of Longforgon marching with the
ministers glib and his bond for tuo thousand two hunder sixtie
six pond thirtain shill. four pennies whereof there is no pairt
as yet payed.

Att the first eruptione of the rebellione the Treasurer ^^ Meaii and Oatts
ordered the Cash-Keeper and others to buy great quantities of pubiick and for
victual for the use of the Kingis armies if neid were and accord- cast^ne^agalL.
ingly Hew Wallace the Cash-Keeper bought from me a thousand
bolls meall and five hunder bolls of oats so accordingly there
went about to Stirlen w^^ was appoynted for the place of store
on small bark with oatts and another with meall and brought
receits of their loadnings back to Dundee vvith them but before
the first bark with the oatts returned with the second loadning,
the rebells being totally routed dispersed and discussed those
commissioned by the Cash Keeper to receive the victuall
refused the same so that their being no debateing w* the
pubiick tho. the bargone was clear, my servants put a stop to
any further loadning at Dundee, And the second loadning of
oatts was lofted at Stirlen and on Jo" Lyon a shoemaker there
had my commissione to sell them att the best availl but I
shall be a looser about twentie shill. of each boll of w'^^ I
would have had if the Cash Keeper had not resiled from his
bargone having sold the meall to him at 4 lib. 13ss. 4d. and
the oatts att 5 lib. p boll.


foi. 108. Att my being last time att Glasgow I sold my wheat of

to Merchants in ^^ cropt 1684 to Baylie ffarie Walter Buchanan baxter and I

Glasgow. am told that Baylie Jonston was also a partner, the tenents

fell short of the delyverie the cropt was so very bad the last

year so there was scored two hunder bolls delyvered the pryce

was 8 lib. 6ss. 8d.

Robert Ogiivy's Since I cam home I received Robert Ogilvy my factor his

accompts. accts. cropt 83 of the lands of Tannadyce and oy^^ within his

Wheeiis bought I bought of Nish the Wheell wright in St. Andrews four
Andrews. P^ir of stone-cart wheells w^^ stand me about 4 lib. the pair

and he having bought from the Church sessione the trees of
the Church yeard I thought it best to retaine the money of
the wheeles for pay* of the pryce of the trees and gave an
obleidgement for the same accordingly w^^ shall be made good
being fully determined to rear up upon the west gevall of the
church a bell house whereof there will be a particular accompt
keep't as to its charge be on of the sessione delegat for that
purpose to the end that it may be known w" that money now
in my hand is all expended and that thereafter it may goe
upon a publick acct. tho. if I be not the doer of it upon
adventure it would not goe up in this age.
M^ James M^ James Cramond payed his few and teind duty to myselfe

Cramondsfew. ^ropt 84.

rXoaiif a"'d ^'* Tatrick Jack had provisione by the few duty of Millhill
by M - . Patrick and Knap for the paying the fraughts of the victuall to Stirlen

and the returns with lyme and coalls but the particular acct.

thereof is not yet made with him.

Mistris Ogilvy relict of the Minister of Newburn was payed

of her @ rent of 700 lib. prin" on of Invereightie's debts

w^^ I undertook att preceeding Mertimes last conforme to

her discharge att Ed*" some time before our western expe-

foi. 109. Immediatly before the march of my regiment into the west

which happened in the beginning of June Alex"*, ffoster of
333 lib. 6ss. 8d. Millhill payed in to me 333 lib. 6ss. 8d. in part pay* of a

received from . ^ * , , . , . , -r , •

Alex, ffoster. greater soume w<=^ he rests me upon which I gave hnn receite
accordingly w^^ money and a greate dale more in the hands o
on of my servants Thomas Crombie wretter of this book was


expended in our western jorney conforme to his particular
accompts thereof.

Receaved of John Lyon in Stirlen 133 lib. 6ss. 8d. in pairt ^tJjf^^y"" '"^
of pay* of 127 bolls 2 firlots oatts w^^ he had commissione to
sell att Stirlen.

My wyfe having made this present time the terme to on
Isobell Atkinson her wardroper upon an offence done betwixt isobeii Atkm-
her and on John Tylor who is also put away which shall be
nameless and the acct. being made of all that this woman can
pretend to w^^ is resting unpayed the same does amount to
80 lib. which is payed to her every farthing.

I have now made the particular acct. with M^ Patrick Jack JJ^^pf jac^*^
by w^^ the fraughts to Stirlen of the meall and oatts and his acct. payed
returne of lyme and coalls comes to 277 lib. 13ss. 8d. the pro- upon Alex.
visione w^^ he gott of money and a discharge to Alex^ ffoster hm out^onhe
of Millhill for paying him the said soume out of the pryce of pryce of the
the teind bolls payable by him for the lands of Millhill, crept '84.
cropt 84.

The meall receaved at Stirlen by Hew Wallace the cash- ^eaii and oatts

•^ receaved by

keeper his commissione to Cristofer Russell there extends to Cristofer Russell
312 bolls and by the exorbitancie of his receaving att 16 stone waUace.^
p load their is of intaik 19 bolls 2 firlots w^^ in regard aught
also to be compted to me. There is of oatts 127 bolls 2 firlots
received also by Cristofer Russell by virtue of his commissione
from the Cashkeeper. y^^ „g

A rectificatione of Andrew Wright's claime as follows
ffirst for the two roofes being to be done with the bell east
fiftie three pond six shillings eight pennies.

ffor thatching of them w* open work a hunder pond. The a double of a
windows cannot be condescended upon till he have occasione ^t^Andiw
of seeinff some such clos windows done which beinff a distinct Wright for the

,,...,„, . ^ roofs and finish-

thmg m itselfe there can be no varia"^ in it. ing of the two

As for the flooring lyning and sylling w^^ the said Andrew fnTh^^io\v°"^^
hes placed so liberally and att random in his acct. without g^^^'^'"^^^^^^^^
considering the quantitie of the houses or the true availl of
the thing itselfe in so much that I wounder he is not ashamed,
neither am I to have the ground storry floored as he hes
supposed so that this article when reduced to 133 lib. 6ss. 8d.
is too much.


This soume besyde the windowes is 286 lib. ISss. 4d. and I
am content that the bargen of trees att 133 lib. 6ss. 8d. be
applyed in so far for the payment of this work by itselfe and
that he mount my four pieces of cannon w* carriages on wheells
and he shall have eight bolls meall in bountie and four more
if my sone pleases.

The trees must be all digged this goesummer and he must

be obleidged that the trees fall all as the allow lyes to the east.

Moreover I have this day given eightaine pond in part pay*

of the total above written.

The four ordi- Their last task of the new byre and sheep cott and hey barn

Thdr accL Ve- w^^ compleits my whole building there, the two summer houses

ceeding the first ^f ^^le low ffardiu and the wall betwixt them comes to seven

of June 1685. o

hundered and fourtie pond seventaine ss. four d. and about
two chalder of meall conforme to the particular acct. thereof
particularly sett down in the compt book of the Lordship of
Lyon cropt '83.

As lykewayes there is there sett down all their four compts
a pairt w*'^ in all amount to 797 lib. Is. 9d. so that there
meall being all payed they rest to me 56 lib. 13ss. 5d. w^^
goes to acct. of their payment of the falling walls now in hand.

[All the foregoing written by Thomas Crombie. Succeeding
part written by Lord Strathmore.]


28 March 1688.

Here is a long surcease of what I am very unaccountable
for ; for this three years I have neglected to wreat memorialls
of my transactions. But I conceave it is a thing very necessar
both for the ease of one's own memory, and ther present
satisfaction, to the end when all is recorded posterity may see
and be convinced of ther not being unprofitable in there
generation, and may be induced by good example to follow the
good and to eschew what may be amiss in the management.
Tho. I take God to witness it has been and is the outmost
indeavour of my life to order all my affairs both for the
honour credit and preservation of my family.


The first occasion of my geving up my former method of
making my particular nofs of my affairs was that in the
moneth of Sept. 1685 being sorely straited in my credit by the
diligence done by the administrators of Heriot's hospitall upon ^^^^?^ ?,
my estate, I choiced at that tyme immediatly after the re-
bellion of the late Argyle and upon his forfalture to insist for
and clame releif of the debt since my father^s undertaking of
it was for him The E. of Erroll being joyntly bound was in
lyke manner persewed, but at this tym had the ease and
advantage of staying at home, and I in perse wance of my
releif went up to Court w* the D. of Queensberry Treasurer
for the tyme, not having seen the king since his coming to
the Crown, and having confidence of his Majesty es favour in
that affair.

But to my great loss my hop's were soon blasted and that
which I aimed at turned impracticable. My freind the
Treasurer turned out of his employ* so y* after six moneths
stay I had enow adoe to expiat almost the cryme of coming
w* him and standing by him.

At last my own innocence caryed me thorow, yet I returned /<?/. 112.
and nothing done in that affair I cam for. The interest of
the popist party and especially of the new converts growing to
that height as to depress all mens pretences and claims which
had not a dependance upon ther favour and procurement, in
so much that the present Chancellor and Secretary, the Earl
of Perth and Melfort^^ tho. the E. of Erroll was a co-cautioner
w* me and y'" brother in law by marriage of ther sister,
opposed my project at that tyme which was this : The E. of
Erroll and I upon Argyle''s forfaulture prevailed and obtained
A locality in his lands and estate of Kintyre for about six
thousand merks be year, which was all could be done upon the
forfaultur and it was nearer the @ rent of the soume we stood
distrest for then any other of his creditors attained to. But it
was burdened and affected by My Lady Argyle''s life rent of
420 lib. be year as a part of her joynture, and laying at ane
untolerable distance from us and in a place so remot. It was
still inconvenient for us in case we could better doe.

For this, it was that I projected at my going up to make it
my busines to give the King somewhat, whereas others seek


from him, and many since that tyme have got great things,
for all the forfalture w^^ happened upon Argyle's rebellion w^^
in the D. of Queensberry's parliament were annexed to the
Crown, were since disjoyned again and giv'ne away.

Thus I say my project was to give the King, ffbr I proposed
that his Majesty would be pleased to gratify and enable the
city of Ed"* so as that they might become debtors to ther own
hospitall in that soume w^^ exceeded a hunder thousand merks
by allowing them some more of the exercese of ther own excyse
then at the tyme they injoyed, and also by prorouging the gift
of the plack of the pynt for so many years more to run.

That for this the Town might as administrators for the
hospitall discharg the E. of ErroU and me of the debt and
renounce and resigne the diligences following upon it in our
favours. And in the third part that we would dispone to the
foi, 113. King our right to the s^ lands | of Kintyre to remain w^ him
and the Crown for ever.

This, as befor I told, took no effect at that tyme, and w*
great difficulty I made my peace so as that the King was
pleased to make me on of the extraordinary Lords of the
Session w* a pension of 300 lib. sterlin.

But a giv'ne over play was never wonn, and when I returned
in March 1686, Then and always since I made application to
the Chancellour, and by my letters to Secretary Melfort, so
that partly by a dutifuU complyance in so far as was possible
in all publick matters and Judicaturs and partly the Interest
and allyance of the E. of ErroU my co-cautioner making the
thing more favourable.

That very project above narrated, opposed by them and
rejected, has now tak'ne place. The King and we have
entered into a tripartite contract, and each of us performed to
others what we were thereby oblidged.

And so at last we are delivered from that greivous debt, w^^
first and last has stood me more by seeking releif of it, then
the thing would have been to my part, if I had payed it in the
year 1660 when I came from scools.

O miserable and fatall cautionry, ffbr my family has suffered
more by the engadgements of my father who, good man !
thinking every one as honest as himself and tender-hearted to


his friends, refused scarce any one who ask'd of him, then at
this day I injoy of free estate over the pay* of my present debt.

My eldest son was then w* me at Court and returned home March 1686,
at the same tyme, my 2"** son came up w* him and went to his
travells in France.

My journey at that tyme and my son''s being w* me, includ-
ing also herein a great dale of furniture, plate, and statues,
stood me about fyveteen hundreth pound sterline.

Men who's fortunes are burdened w* debt may when ther/oi. 114.
children are young doe somewhat to less'ne ther debt by
making annuall pay*^ of some on debt or other, especially if
corns, of which our estats most consist give any good pryce.
But that has been the misfortune of my tyme that for the
most part the pryce of corns one grain w* another has not
exceeded ane hundreth merks p chalder and oft'ne under that,
besyds the difficulty of getting merchants and sometyms those
prove bankerups. But now the most part of my children
being grow'n up to the age and stature of men and women. It's
no easy mater to live and to pay @ rents and the publick
burdens, and much less to pay debt, tho. I hope by the follow-
ing acct. in which I resolve to be punctuall by wreating down
and here recording all I doe to make it appear that I doe all
that can be done, and that nothing is unprofitably bestowed or
misaplyed. Besyds that I have reason dayly to adore and
magnify the name of my God who out of his infinit goodnes to
me more then I deserve and to my family has blest me w*
good and vertewous sons and daughters, of good dispositions
and frugall and moderat as much as my heart can desyre.
Blessed be he who hes made me happy by them and make me
thankfull and exemplar to them in what is good. Nor can I
deny the great advantage I have by ther mother who's care
has been of her children and to stay at home and guide wHn
the hous her part. So that thes have been my advantages and
are such as have enabled me to doe thos things w'^^ perhaps if
others had done, they would be proud off, and wherein my
profusenes is or has been, consists in them things which will
not dye w* me, But will remain to posterety. I have had the
toyle and the care and trouble | of it, may they injoye the/^/ . us-
pleasure profit and contentment of it, many A pound and


penny has it cost me at both my houses, y* as the maintaining
of it in good order will indeed be a yearlie charge yet the first
doing is as it were the purchas of ane inheritance in propor-
tion to the other, and if this other be not duely performed, the
best of policy go's to wrack.

The servant who wrote the former part of this book went
abroad w^ my second son, after w^^ Having six moneths at
leave, and in some more disuse of pains and application from
that tyme till now I was instant enow and at the head of my
own affairs, but delayed making or continuing the record of
what I did, trusting the same to my memory. But that now
finding myself at a loss therby, and being resolved to sett all
down w* my own hand and not to committ it to a serv*^
wreating, who may be here to day and away the morrow, I
hope by being punctuall therin, and by what is writ'ne before
and hereafter shall make up the loss of thes three years
memory's, for from the tyme I left and discontinued my wreating
till now it is no less then full three years and some odd
M'. dvit, 90, I agried with him in the month of feb^ 1688, and albeit I

managed it w* all the care and precaution possible (for some
eight years agoe or more for doore and chimney peices at
Castle lyon when the reforms of that house were complected,
and divers picturs then done which are in the great hall of
Glams or elsewher thorow the house he had then near about as
much of my money) yet the painting of the roof of my hye
dinning roume off the great Hall, The ovall of the cheif bed
chamber and my chappall which stood him I'm sure more then
half a years work, arose to a considerable summe of money.
foi. 116. I here include all the Chimney and doore peices of both
storeys of the west syde of this hous of Glammiss, off the floor
of both halls, all together stand me nynety pound sterline, and
his bed and boord in the family, w'^^ soume of nynety pound
sterline is accordingly payed him and discharged upon the
back of the Contract w^^ I have layed up in my cabinet at
Aneacctyet Besyds this, ther is Twenty pound due to him for the King's

dTvit"^ picturs w'^^ are fixt in the lyning of the upmost drawing-

roume, and some other picturs not as yet payed.


I have also agried with two English women hous painters, Mistris Moreis
who have been a considerable tyme here, The acct whereof hous painters.
when ther work is finished shall be sett down. The most p'^*
of ther tyme my family has been at Castle Lyon, but when it's
here, they have also the benefit of ther meat in the house.
And tho. I hold it as a rule to agree w^ workmen so as not to
have the trouble of feeding them, for in some cases, if they
know off no imploy* elsewhere they prolong the work for the

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