Patrick Lyon Strathmore.

The book of record, a diary written by Patrick first earl of Strathmore and other documents relating to Glamis castle, 1684-1689 online

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that above the table of the altar the s<^ M"^ De Vite Does here-
by bind and oblidge him to paint in als full stature as the
pannels will permitt the pictures Conforme as they are to be
found in the two books abovementioned of our Saviour his
twelve Apostles this in the Chappell and in the rowme within
that of King Charles the Martyr and of St. Paul and St.
Stephan Ane altar piece expressing the Crucifixione and the
doore piece the Ascension Each picture to have the name y'*of
above and at the foot a scroll containing the same words
as are exprest in the cutts.

2"*^ And the s*^ M"" De Vite does Lykwayes Bind and oblidge



CONTRACT WITH JACOB DE WET 105

him to paint, perfyte and finish the roof of the dining-rowme
immediatlie off the great hall upon the plaister yrof. this is to
be done and is to contain the full historie of some one or oy^
of Ovid's Metamorphosis And it's designed by M"^ De Vite and
expected by the s*^ Earle that the same shall be well done as y*
it may be of credit to the one and satisfactione to the oy*^.

S*"^ There is Lykewayes to be a rowme for the storie of
Icarus in the midle of the plaister of the bed chamber to be
done by him,

4*^ There are lykwayes fyve chimneys and fourteen doore
peeces of the high apartment off the hall to be done upon
cloath of the bignesse of the pannels and to be fixed within the
same and lykwayes in the apartment off the Low Hall yere are
four chimneys and eleven doore peeces to be finished and done
upon canvaess as s^ is, and all these are to be representationes
of figures and poeticall fictions or such oy"^ things as are usuall
and proper.

5*^ The s^ Earle is to cause prime the roofe of the Chappel
and such pannels of the syd walls q"^^" the abmen. pictures are
to be drawn, and the roof of plaister in the Dyning rowme so
far to prepare it for M'' De Vite's work. As Lykwayes to
furnish oyle to him for the painting and cloath or canvass for
the whole chimney and door pieces.

6*^ As lykways the s^ Earle In contempl"^ of the s^ M"^ De
Vite's works and in full satisfactione and recompense yerfore
Is to be bound and oblidged Lyk as he be the tenor hereof
binds and oblidges him and his airs to pay to the s*^ M*^ De
Vite or to his order or asseyns the sowme of ffourscore and
ten pound sterling the one half yerof is to be payed at
such times as he shall call or have occasion e for it at any
time dureing the work provyding that before the pay* of
the full half three pairts of foure of the whole work be done
and the oy"^ equall half of the sowmes so agried on shall be
thankfuUie payd at his finishing and perfecting the same.
He the s'^ M*" De Vite is lykwayes to have his bed and board
in the familie so long as the same remaines at the place.
And it is agreed upon y* the p*^® failzing shall pay to the p*^®
observing or willing to observe his pairt of the premisses The
sowme of Twentie pound sterling by and attour the perform-



106 GLAMIS PAPERS

ance of the same. Whiche the s*^ M'^ De Vite oblidges him for
his pairt to doe to the said Earle's satisfactione and content-
ment. And for the more securite both the sds. pairties are
Content and Consent that thir presents be registreat in the
books of Counsell and Sessione, or of any oy"^ ordinar judica-
ture within yis reahne and decerned to have the strenth of ane
decreit of any of the judges yerof that letters and excts. neid-
full may be direct hereon in forme as effeirs And Constitutes

Their prors. In Witness whereof (wrin be M"* David Balvaird,
servitour to the s^ Earle) they have subscryvit yir puts. Day,
moneth, place and yeir of God above written Before thir
witnesses, John, Lord Glammiss and the s^ M'" David Balvaird
and John and David Lyons servitours to the s*^ Earle and Lord
Glammiss.

Glammiss witnes Strathmore.

D. Balvaird witnes J. de Wet.

Jo. Lyon witnes.

Da. Lyon witnes.

dorso. Received att the wreating hereof by me James de
Weet twelve pound which with threescor eighteen pound for-
merly received from the Earle of Strathmore makes in all four-
score ten pounds sterlen wherof I discharge the s^ Earle Att
Eden. 17 November 1688 befor thir witnesses David Lyon and
George Dickson servitors to the s'^ Earle. J. de Wet.

Da. Lyon witnes.

Georg dickson witnes.



of Strauch-


lib. s. D.


004 00 00


004 00 00


005 00 00


007 14 08


009 00 00


002 08 04


005 00 00


018 00 00



III

ACCOMPT OF JACOB DE WET

Accompt of w* money is resting be the Earle

moore to M'^ Dewett, Limner
Imp. the Picture of Diana in the Great Hall
Itm. the Picture of Europia
Itm. the Picture of Icarus in the Hall
Itm. 8 Little Door pieces at 4 Doll, per piece
Itm. 3 Chimney pieces at 3^^ sterl. p. piece
Itm. 2 Door pieces at 5 Doll. p. piece
Itm. My Ladyes Picture .
Itm. 6 Little Pictures at 3 ^^^ p. piece
Itm. 2 great Pieces for my Lord and his 3 sonns ; >

as also my Lady and her 2 Daughters . j 025 00 00

Itm. 14 Pictures at 5 "^ p. piece . . .070 00 00

Sum is
Received of this above written accompt. 2000
marks Scotts w''^ is, in Sterling money



Remaines D. Ballance



[Note by Lord Strathmore on back of preceding Acc^].

let I would give now after full deliberation For Sterline

the Roofe of the Chapel . . . 15 00 00

^nd -por Our Saviour the twelve Apostles The
Kings Father, the two Martyrs, Paul and
Stephen the Alter and Door Peices . 20 00 00

3^^^ The Roofe of the Dining Roome and the Ovell

in the Roofe of the Bed chamber . . 15 00 00



150 03 00

111 02 2|


039 00 09|


lib. s. D.
039 00 09|



108 GLAMIS PAPERS

4^^' The five Chimney and fourtaine Door peices

at the hye Apartment . . . 12 00 00

5*^^ The four chimney and eleven Door peices of
the lower Apartment In regard they are
somewhat larger than Above . . 12 00 00

But I am extreamly concerned for the work of the
Chappell and the Roofe of the hye Dinning
Roome especially and y'for will add six
pound inde . . . . 06 00 00



80 00 00
There is Ten pound more in the Contract and Ten

pound in discretion.
He is to give me his own picture and to draw my

sons in Three ovals.
O^*" deductions from M*" d vits' acct.
first my wifs picture as many more of that for-
merly done is but 4 lib. soe he stating it at
5 lib. here is . . . . 01 00 00

Then my son^s pictures were on condition and his
own w^^ is not done made 4 picturs at 2 lib.
p. peice is . . . . . 08 00 00

More Kinnaird's pictur is payed for . . 02 00 00

Then thos done in the Chappell are over valued in ...
Giv"'ne to d"* vit a litle befor and att his way going

20 Rex dolers . . / . 47 00 00

More to M Moreis w*^^ he was ow''ne her three

Rex dolers . . . . . 08 00 00

When the Earle of Strathmore payed M'^ d Vit two thou-
sand merks w^^ is 111 lib. 02sh 02 ster. He made ane acct. of
the particulars, and reckned that this money overpayed him
w^ he choiced rather to doe then to fall short, considering-
limning a generous trade, and the Earle himself being ane
encourager of artists designed no unjust thing to M*" d' vit
and the Earle wishes w* all his heart that M"* d' vit had made
as good and profitable acct. of his tyme ever since as he did
for the short tyme he was w* the Earle of Strathmore. And
to illustrat this here followes the pryces at which he reckned
the particular peices of work.



ACCOMPT OF JACOB DE WET 109

First the two great pictures he acc*^ at no less then D' Vit
states them inde . . . . 25 00 00

Item the twelve pictures in the hall, few of thes
twelv but M^ d' vit had more or less from
the gentlemen who sat, at 4 lib. p. peice
inde . . . . 48 00 00

The other three pictures of the same syze, two of
them being but copyes

Six litle picturs at 40 ss. p. peice is

The picture of diana and Europia being two
chimney peices best done .

That of Icarus in the hall

Three other chimney peices @ 1 lib. p. peice is . 03 00 00

And Ten door peices at ten shellens p. peice and
too deir of that being of no value and litle
and narrow is . . . . 05 00 00



10


00


00


12 00 00


03


00


00


04


00


30



The summa is . . . 110 00 00



IV

ESTIMATE FOR REPAIRING THE ORGAN
IN GLAMIS

Proposall For repairing the Earl of Strathmore^s Organ in
Glamss Formerly consisting of 10 Stops which were as
follows.

1. Open Diapason Trible

2. Principal Trible |

3. Twelft Trible I The most of these except the

4. Fifteenth Trible j Cornet are about the Organ.

5. Cornet of 3 ranks I

6. Fifteenth Trible '

7. Principal Bass ^ ^^^^ ^^ ^^^^^ ^^^^^ ^^^ ^^^^ ^^

8. Stopd Diapason 1 ^ ^^^^.^^ ^^- ^^^^ .^ ^^ ^^^^

9. Fifteenth Bass t^^^^^^ ^^, ^^^
10. Nineteenth Bass J ^

the Belloss are quite Spoiled as also the Keys which must be
new, and the other Reparations I propose viz.

To repair the Open Diapason Trible.

To repair the Principal Trible.

To repair the Twelft Trible.

To repair the Fifteenth Trible.

To make A Cornet of 3 ranks (a Principal Twelft and Tirza).

To make A Diapason Bass to meet the Trible.

To make A Stop'd Diapson Thorough.

To make A Principal Bass for the Front.

To make A Twelft Bass.

To make A Fifteenth Bass.

The above reparation I propose to make for thirty pound
sterling. James Brtstowe.




*ll'*:"";;^





JL.J L-S-L



^:b.a^^



OF THE



UNIVERSITY

OF



^ALW



NOTES



NOTES



^ Mr. Ranken, Catechist in Dundee. Page 1.

Mr. Ran ken studied at St. Salvator's College, and received
his degree of Master of Arts from the University of St.
Andrews on 27th July 1667. Having taken orders as a
Deacon in the Episcopal Church, he was intruded to the
church of Benvie, but was unable to maintain his position
there against the feeling of the people. He retired to Dundee,
and was there appointed Catechist, his salary being provided
by the interest on the sum of money mortified by Bailie
Patrick Yeaman and placed in the hands of the Earl of
Strathmore. The payment of this salary is repeatedly men-
tioned throughout the Book of Record, and it is noteworthy
that his name appears on the first and on the last pages of the
manuscript. He survived till 7th April 1729, when he had
reached the eighty-second year of his age. His son, John
Ranken, was minister of Clunie, and was translated thence to
Inchture, where he died in 1737. From the time of the
Revolution till 1727 there was only one Episcopal congrega-
tion in Dundee, and at the latter date it was divided by
Bishop Raitt, one portion having a meeting-place at Yeaman
Shore, under Bishop Raitfs ministry, and the other continu-
ing services in the Seagate Meeting-house, under Mr. James
Irvine. Mr. David Fife, who was Episcopal minister at
Glamis, was called to succeed Mr. Irvine in 1744. Mr.
Yeaman belonged to a family that was long connected pro-
minently with Dundee. He was for a lengthened period in
the Town Council, and held the offices of Harbour-Master,
Treasurer, and Bailie. On 6th May 1675 he mortified the
sum of <£^3333, 6s. 8d. Scots (^277, 15s. 6d. sterling), to pay

L



114 GLAMIS PAPERS

the salary of a Catechist in connection with the Episcopal
Church. By the decree erecting the Cross Church, Dundee, into
a separate charge in 1788, this office came to an end, and the
new minister took the place of the Catechist, the produce of the
mortification being included in the stipend paid by the town
to him. On page 74, Mr. Ranken's name is wrongly given as
James in the manuscript : it should be Alexander.

2 Frederick Lyon. Page 1.

Frederick Lyon, of Brigton, was the third son of Patrick,
first Earl of Kinghorne, and consequently uncle of the Earl of
Strath more. He obtained a charter of the lands of Brigton
on 31st July 1622, and represented Forfarshire in the Con-
ventions of 1644 and 1647. After his death in 1660 he was
succeeded by his eldest son David (designated Patrick in the
Burgess Roll of Dundee, under date 7th March 1663), at
whose death the property was heavily burdened. John Lyon,
the brother of David, came next into the estate, and it was
judged expedient by Lord Strathmore, and others of the Lyon
family, to take up the debts that were due from the estate of
his lordship^s cousin. Frederick Lyon, here referred to, appears
to have been one of the principal creditors, and his name is
frequently mentioned throughout the volume. John Lyon was
re toured as heir of his brother David on 24th March 1685.



^ John Lambie oj' Dunkennie. Page 1.

The name of L'*amy or Lamby has been associated with the
estate of Dunkenny since the beginning of the fifteenth cen-
tury, and it was possessed by a family of that name till early
in the seventeenth century. The property then passed out of
the hands of the Lambys for some time, and was acquired by
David Lindsay, Bishop of Brechin, who only possessed it for a
short period. The estate was acquired by John Lambie, men-
tioned in the text, previous to 1646, having been sold by the
daughters of Bishop Lindsay. From the references made on
page 22, and elsewhere throughout the volume, the character
of this John Lambie will be understood. His brother, Silvester



NOTES 115

Lambie, was minister of Glamis from 1625 till 1665, and the
son of the latter succeeded to the estate of Dunkennie.

* Laird of Strathmartine. Page 2.

Patrick Wynton was Laird of Strathmartine at the time of
the writing of the Book of Record. The property had been
in the possession of the Wynton family early in the sixteenth
century, and its members frequently intermarried with the
Scrymgeours of Dudhope and other leading families in the
locality. On 21st September 1699, Thomas Wynton was
served heir of his father, Patrick Wynton.

^ The Master of Kiniimrd. Page %

The Master of Kinnaird here referred to was Patrick, eldest
son of Sir George Kinnaird, who was created Baron Kinnaird
of Inchture in 1682. He succeeded as second Lord Kinnaird,
in 1689, and his second son, Patrick, became third Lord Kin-
naird in 1701. The second wife of the latter was Lady
Elizabeth Lyon, daughter of the first Earl of Strathmore.
The price of the tun of French wine is given as £%V^ Scots.
As Patrick, Master of Kinnaird, was entered Burgess of Dundee
on 20th October 1670, it is probable that he and his brother
George were concerned in the importing of wines, which had
long formed the greater part of the commerce of Dundee.
The house known as the town mansion of the Kinnairds of
Inchture stood at the ' Shorehead,"' latterly called Fish Street,
Dundee, and was removed only a few years ago.

^ James Lyon^ Litster^ Dundee. Page 2.

James Lyon was enrolled as Burgess of Dundee on 23d
February 1672. As there were many of the leading merchants
of Dundee connected with the Lyons of Glamis, it is probable
that he was related to that family, from the interest which the
Earl of Strathmore took in his aflkirs. Donald Thorntoun oi
Balbennie was the son of Alexander Thorntoun of Blackness,
and succeeded his father in the lands of Foffartie on 20th
August 1652.



116 GLAMIS PAPERS



^ Patrick Lyon^ minister of' Rescohie. Page 3.

Patrick Lyon obtained his M.A. degree from the University
of St. Andrews on 26th July 1670. He was appointed school-
master at Kirriemuir, and was admitted as minister of Rescobie
on 23d December 1677. Here he remained as minister of the
parish till his death in August 1703, aged 53.

^ Earl of Airlie. Page 3.

James Ogilvy, second Earl of Airlie, was the son of James,
first Earl of Airlie, and of Lady Isabella Hamilton, daughter
of the Earl of Haddington, and was born circa 1615. The
first Earl had been a devoted adherent of the Royalists, and
his son, young Lord Ogilvy, was left in charge of the paternal
castles of Forther and Airlie whilst the Earl was abroad. The
Estates of Parliament, then dominated by the Presbyterian
party, ordered these fortresses to be seized, as the Earl had
refused to subscribe the Covenant. A Commission of Fire
and Sword, dated 12th June 1640, was granted to the Earl of
Argyll, empowering him utterly to subdue and root out rebels
such as Lord Ogilvy was then considered. Acting on these
instructions, Argyll destroyed the Castle of Forther, but failed
to capture the inmates. His unfeeling conduct at this time is
referred to in an imaginative manner in the well-known ballad
of 'The Bonnie House o' Airlie.' Lord Ogilvy made his
escape to England and was present at the battle of Marston-
moor. Whilst returning to Scotland in command of Prince
Rupert's men after that engagement, he was captured by a
skirmishing party of the Parliamentarians, and imprisoned in
the Tolbooth of Edinburgh, in 1 644. Here he remained until
his old companion-in-arms, the Marquess of Montrose, restored
him to liberty after the battle of Kilsyth, in August 1645.
He was placed in command of some of the Royalist troops at
the battle of Philiphaugh, in September 1645, and was cap-
tured after the battle as he was escaping from the field. He
was carried prisoner to Glasgow and tlience to St. Andrews,
and was condemned to death by the Parliament that met there



NOTES 117

in November 1645. Through the intrepidity of his sister,
Lady Helen Ogilvy, he escaped from St. Andrews Castle the
night before his execution was to have taken place, she having
exchanged clothes with him and remained in prison whilst he
passed out disguised. After suffering severely in the Royalist
cause, he was at last induced to submit to General Leslie in
1 649 under guarantee that his life, estate, and liberty would
not be endangered, and soon afterwards he was relieved from
the pressure of the Acts that had been made against him. He
was appointed to the command of a troop of horse at the
Restoration, and was sworn a Privy Councillor. He lived to
see William iii. firmly established on the throne, and was a
member of the Scottish Parliament that met in 1693, though
he was excused from attendance on account of his great age
and infirmity. His death took place shortly after this date.
The Earl of Airlie was twice married, firstly to Helen, daughter
of George, first Lord Banff, by whom he had one son and
three daughters. The EarFs second wife was Isobel, widow of
Lewis, third Marquess of Huntly.



^ Lady Lindores. Page 3.

Lady Marion Ogilvy, eldest daughter of James, second Earl
of Airlie (see preceding note), was the wife of James Elphin-
stone, only son of the first Lord Balmerinoch, who took the
title of Lord Coupar in 1607, when he received a charter of
the temporal lordship of the Abbey of Coupar-in- Angus. Lord
Coupar was born in 1587, and survived till 1669, when he
expired without issue, and his title and estates devolved upon
his nephew, the third Lord Balmerinoch. A curious story is
told regarding the relationship of his wife. Lady Marion
Ogilvy, and himself in RiddelFs Teerage and Consistorial Law.
Lord Coupar had been nearly eighty years of age when he
married Lady Marion, and she persuaded him to execute a
deed conveying his honours and estates to herself and any one
whom she should please to marry. This strange document
was afterwards set aside by the Court of Session on 28th June
1671, as evidence was given that Lord Coupar was on his
deathbed when he signed the deed, and was under compulsion.



118 GLAMIS PAPERS

Lady Coupar was afterwards married to John Leslie, third
Lord Lindores, son of James, second Lord Lindores, and of
Mary, daughter of Patrick, Lord Gray. Her son, David
Leslie, succeeded as fourth Lord Lindores.

^^ Alexander Leslie^ minister at Ceres. Page 4.

Alexander Leslie was the fourth son of James Leslie of
Warthill, and obtained his degree from King's College, Aber-
deen, in 1657. After being chaplain for some time to David,
Lord Newark, he was admitted minister of Anstruther Wester
on 17th January 1666. In October of the succeeding year he
was translated to Ceres, where he remained for seventeen years.
On 22d October 1684 he was again translated to Crail, but
was deprived on 17th September 1689 for non-conformity and
for refusing to pray for William and Mary. He died at Crail
on 23d September 1703, in the 60th year of his age.

^^ Mr. Campbell, minister at Menrnure. Page 5.

David Campbell was the second son of Magister Colin Camp-
bell (born 1577, died 1638), who was minister of the Third
Charge in Dundee, and was one of the leaders of the Presbyterian
party. His mother was Margaret Hay, who belonged to the
family of the Hays of Kinnoull, as is shown by the fragment
of her tombstone still preserved in Dundee. David Campbell
was born in 1619, and obtained his degree as Master of Arts
at St. Andrews on 2d May 1639. He was admitted to the
parish of Menmure on 17th December 1644, but was unable to
enter upon his duties for nearly a year in consequence of
Montrose's rebellion. He survived till June 1696, and was
succeeded by his son, James Campbell.

^2 Provost Watson. Page 5.

Alexander Watson was the eldest son of Alexander Watson,
Dean of Guild in Dundee, and was entered on the Burgess Roll
on 23d November 1658. He became proprietor of the estate
of Grange of Barry about 1660, and was bailie of Dundee in



NOTES 119

1668-9, and Provost in 1670-73. He was Commissioner for
Dundee at the Convention of Royal Burghs in 1670, being
chosen Moderator of the General Convention. His daughter,
Grizell Watson, was married to Gardyne of Lawton, Forfar-
shire, in 1676, and his son, Thomas Watson, succeeded him
previous to 1701. The estate remained in possession of the
family till the middle of last century.

^^ Patrick Strachan, minister. Page 6.

Patrick Strachan studied at the New College, St. Andrews,
and was presented by George, Earl of Panmure, to the parish
of Carmyllie in 1659. He was translated to St. Vigeans on
5th November 1665, and continued there till his death in
1693. He had two sons ministers, David Strachan, who was
also in the parish of Carmyllie from 1684 till 1709, and George,
who was intruded to St. Vigeans after his father's death, but
was never settled there.



14 Bishop of Dunblane. Page 8.

James Ramsay, Bishop of Dunblane, was the son of Prin-
cipal Ramsay of Glasgow University. He was born in 1626,
and took his degree at Glasgow in 1647. He was ordained
minister of Kirkintilloch in 1653, and was translated to Lin-
lithgow in 1655. He took an active part on the Episcopalian
side, and on 29th May 1661 he assisted at the burning of the
Solemn League and Covenant in the Market-place of Linlith-
gow. From this parish he was removed to Hamilton in 1664,
and on the recommendation of Archbishop Leighton he was
presented to the Bishopric of the Isles in the succeeding year,
but Ramsay still continued to be Bishop of Dunblane. On
23d May 1684 he was promoted to the See of Ross, and died
at Edinburgh on 22d October 1696, aged 70.

1^ Countess ofBuchan. Page 8.

Lady Marjory Ramsay, eldest daughter of William, first
Earl of Dalhousie, and of Lady Margaret Carnegie, eldest



120 GLAMIS PAPERS

daughter of David, first Earl of Southesk. Her husband,
James Erskine, seventh Earl of Buchan, succeeded to that title
in 1640 ; was fined dS'lOOO by CromwelFs Act of Grace and
Pardon in 1654, and died in October 1664. The only son of
the Countess of Buchan was William, eighth Earl of Buchan,
who died a prisoner in Stirling Castle, unmarried, in 1695.
The earldom by special charter was inherited by Henry, third
Lord Cardross, who is referred to further in Note 80.



^^ Duncan of Lundk. Page 9.

The family to which Alexander Duncan belonged, and which
is now represented by the Earl of Camperdown, can be traced
in connection with Dundee from the beginning of the sixteentli
century. Finlay Duncan was settled as a surgeon in Dundee
previous to 1550. His son, William Duncan, surgeon, was
bailie of Dundee from 1590 till 1608. From him descended
Alexander Duncan of Lundie, referred to in the text. He
was the son of William Duncan of Seasyde, bailie of Dundee
in 1656, and was born in 1652. At an early age he took part
in the municipal affairs of the burgh, and having amassed and
inherited a considerable fortune, he acquired the estate of
Lundie from Colin Campbell, a scion of the family of Argyll,
circa 1680. Though long a public official, Alexander Duncan
died comparatively young, as is shown by the inscription on
his monument in the Howff^, or old burying- ground of Dundee.
This was one of the most elaborate mural tablets in that place,
although it has been suffered to fall to ruins. The inscription
is as follows : —

' Humo adjacenti conditur quod morti concesserunt Alexander
Duncan de Lundie, qui yato fundus est Aprilis — A. jE. C. 1696
cetat. 44,- ejusque dilecta conjux Anna Drummond, unica filia
M^ Joannis Drummond de Megginch quae decessit Aprilis die


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