Patrick Lyon Strathmore.

The book of record, a diary written by Patrick first earl of Strathmore and other documents relating to Glamis castle, 1684-1689 online

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— 1695, oet. 42. Necnon eorundem liberi Gulielmus, Patricium,
Christiana, et Anna, quibus parentes superstitis erant. Item,
alter Gulielmus, qui matri non vero pater vixit, et Joannes,
Jilius natus secundus, qui mortem ohiit Julii die — 1696, cetat.
20. Mausoleum extruendum curavit M^ Alexander Duncan de
Lundie A. ^. C. 1718.^


His eldest son, Alexander Duncan of Lundie, was born in
1677, and was provost in 1719. His death took place on 2d
January in the latter year, when in the forty-second year of his
age. Alexander Duncan, his eldest son, born in 1703, died in
1765, was also provost at the time of the Rebellion of 1745,
and the second son of the latter was the famous Admiral
Viscount Duncan of Camperdown.

^^ Earl of Panmure. Page 9.

George Maule, third Earl of Panmure, was the eldest son of
George, second Earl of Panmure, and succeeded his father in
March 1671. He was Privy Councillor to Charles ii. and
James vii., and died 1st February 1686. He was full cousin
to the Earl of Strathmore, his father having been brother to
Lady Elizabeth Maule, wife of the second Earle of Kinghorne,
and mother of Lord Strathmore. To George, second Earl,
there are frequent references made throughout the ' Book of
Record,** as he was one of the tutors who had charge of Lord
Strathmore during his minority. For this nobleman Lord
Strathmore seems to have had very profound respect, and he
gratefully acknowledges the efforts made by the second Earl of
Panmure to repair the injustice done to him by Patrick, first
Earl of Panmure, grandfather of Lord Strathmore. (See
pp. 24, 25.)

^^ Patrick Lyon qf'Carnoustie. Page 9.

Magister Patrick Lyon of Carnoustie was a distant relative
of Lord Strathmore. He must not be confounded with Sir
Patrick Lyon of Carse, who was also a relative, and who is
known to antiquaries as the author of a manuscript Genealogy
of the Principal Scottish Families, which is now in the Advo-
cates"* Library, Edinburgh, and formed the foundation of Sir
George Mackenzie's well-known work on this subject. Patrick
Lyon of Carnoustie was admitted a member of the Faculty of
Advocates, and his son, Magister Patrick Lyon, was served heir
to his father on 16th March 1699.

19 Minister of Kettins. Page 9.
David Paton, minister of Kettins, was the son of David


Paton, merchant in Dundee, and was born in the burgh in 1624.
He was educated at King's College, Aberdeen, and took his
degree there in 1644. Four years afterwards he was presented
to the parish of Kemback, in Fife, and was translated to
Kettins, Forfarshire, in June 1650, where he remained till his
death in April 1692. By his will he bequeathed ' the sum of
70 lib. scots and 14 rix dollars' to assist the poor in the parish
of Dundee. His son, James Paton, who was born in 1655,
became his father's colleague and successor at Kettins, but
ceased preaching 1716, though he survived till circa 1730. He
also mortified the sum of <^1000 Scots for the education of
girls and young women in Dundee. The date of this Deed of
Mortification was 27th October 1726. The first of this family
in Dundee seems to have been Andrew Paton, furrier, who was
entered on the burgess roll on 10th October 1516, and the
succession from him to James Paton can be traced.

^^ Dr. Edzvard, minister at Crail. — Page 10.

Alexander Edward one of the Regents in the Old College,
St. Andrews, was promoted to the parish of Denino, Fife, in
1652, and translated to Crail in 1663. The degree of D.D.
was conferred upon him in 1673, and he died at Crail on 7th
May 1684, aged about sixty-one. He was succeeded by
Alexander Leslie (see Note 10, page 118).

^^ Mr. Nicolsoji, minister at Errol. — Page 10.

John Nicolson studied at St. Leonard's College, and took his
degree at St. Andrews on 9th July 1655. He was ordained
minister of Meigle on 26th March 1661, and was translated to
Errol on 4th September 1666. The degree of D.D. was con-
ferred upon him on 4th December 1684. He was deprived on
29th October 1690 for refusing to pray for William and Mary,
and he died in retirement about 170L

^^ Car stairs, minister of Inchture. — Page 10.

James Carstaires, son of Thomas Carstaires, Boarhills, took
his degree at St. Andrews in 1662, and was admitted as minis-


ter of Tannadice, Forfarshire, on 22d August 1667. He was
presented to the parish of Inchture by the Archbishop of St.
Andrews in February 1682, and remained in that charge till
his death in 1709.

^^ Laird of Craigmillar. — Page 11.

Sir John Gilmour of Craigmillar was the son of John
Gilmour, W.S. and became advocate on 12th December 1628.
When the Court of Session was reorganised after the Restora-
tion, he was appointed Lord President, and took his seat on
13th February 1666. He joined the party of the Duke of
Lauderdale, and was active in promoting the downfall of the
Earl of Middleton, father-in-law of Lord Strathmore. The
position of Lord President was resigned by him in 1670, and
his death took place in the following year. His title was
derived from the estate of Craigmillar near Edinburgh, which
had long been held by the Preston family. The purchase is
thus recorded in Lamont's Diary: — '1660 or therby — Sir
John Gilmure, advocat in Edb. bought the lands of Craig-
mellar in Lowthian, from the Laird of Craigmellar.'

Sir John was married to Margaret, daughter of Sir Alex-
ander Murray of Blackbarony. Their son. Sir Alexander
Giln;our of Craigmillar, was created a Baronet in 1668, and
the title continued in the family till the death of the fifth
Baronet in 1792.

^* Lord Carse. — Page 11.

Sir Patrick Lyon of Carse was second cousin of the Earl
of Strathmore, and was admitted member of the Faculty of
Advocates on 11th July 1671. He had previously been Pro-
fessor of Philosophy in the College of St. Andrews. On the
decease of Lord Nairn he became an Ordinary Lord of Session,
taking his seat, with the title of Lord Carse, on 10th Novem-
ber 1683. He was appointed one of the Lords of Justiciary on
20th February 1684 ; but as he was an ardent Jacobite he was
deprived of both offices at the Revolution. For many years
his family had an intimate connection with Dundee. The old
Close in that burgh known as Whitehall Close, which is now


removed, was the place where his town residence stood, and the
sculptured stone, with date 1660 and the arms of Scotland,
that latterly decorated the Nethergate entrance to this Close,
is reasonably supposed to have been taken from the house of
Sir Patrick Lyon when the front land was built about a cen-
tury ago. Sir Patrick's son, Magister Patrick Lyon of Carse,
was retoured as heir to him on 30th October 1695. There is
a portrait of Sir Patrick Lyon still preserved in the drawing-
room of Glamis Castle, which was painted by Jacob de Witt.

^ Sir James Rochhead. — Page 11.

Sir James Rochheid of Inverleith was the son of John Roch-
heid, and grandson of James Rochheid, merchant and burgess
of Edinburgh. The estate of Inverleith, near Edinburgh,
which had long been in the possession of the family of Touris,
was acquired by James Rochheid prior to 1652. Sir James
entailed his estate in 1692, and was created a baronet in 1704.
This title became extinct in the person of Sir James, the
second baronet, whose daughter Mary was married to Sir
Francis Kinloch, Bart., of Gilmerton. She is referred to and
described by Lord Cockburn in his ' Memorials.'

26 Sir John Maitland. — Page 11.

Sir John Maitland of Ravelrig was the son of Charles, third
Earl of Lauderdale and of Elizabeth, daughter of Richard
Lauder of Halton, Midlothian. He was admitted to the
Faculty of Advocates on 30th July 1680, and was knighted
and created a Baronet of Nova Scotia on 18th November of
the same year. As he supported the party of William iii. at
the Revolution he was appointed Lord of Session in November
1689, taking the designation of Lord Ravelrig. Having taken
his place as Member of Parliament for Edinburghshire in 1685,
he remained almost continuously in that position until 1695,
when he succeeded his brother as Earl of Lauderdale. He was
a strong supporter of the Union, and survived to see it accom-
plished. His death took place on 30th August 1710.


27 Kinloch ofGourdy. — Page 11.

David Kinloch of Gourdy was the son of John Kinloch, and
the grandson of Dr. David Kinloch of Aberbothrie. His
father had acquired the lands of Gourdy in Perthshire through
his mother Grizel Hay, daughter of Hay of Gourdy, and John
Kinloch had a charter confirming these lands to him in 1630.
For many years the family of the Kinlochs were intimately
associated with Dundee, and held much property in that burgh
and the neighbourhood.

^ Laird of ffindourie. Page 11.

Robert Arbuthnott of Findowrie was descended from the
same family as that of the Viscounts Arbuthnott, the direct
ancestor of this branch being David Arbuthnott, son of Robert
Arbuthnott of that Ilk. The latter acquired the lands of
Findowrie on 9th February 1574, and granted tliem to his son
David, and they descended in a direct line to Robert Arbuth-
nott, mentioned in the text. The grandfather of the latter
suffered severely during Montrose's Rebellion, and received
compensation by order of Parliament. Both Robert and his
father (also named Robert) were strong supporters of the
Covenanters, and were heavily fined by the Earl of Middleton.
When Lord Strathmore led a regiment of Angus horsemen to
the west country to suppress the rebels under the Marquess of
Argyll in 1685, the Laird of Findowrie was intrusted with a
command under him. He was succeeded by his son Alexander
on 30th July 1698.

'^'^ ffodringham of Bandeau. Page 13.

John Fotheringham of Ballindean, Perthshire, was descended
from the Fotheringhams of Powrie, Forfarshire, a race that
settled early in Angus, and are said to have derived their
descent from Henry de Ffodringhay, who received the lands of
Balunie, near Dundee, from Robert ii. previous to 1377.
When Thomas Fotheringham of Ballindean died in 1670, his
eldest son, John, succeeded to the estate, and is the Laird of


Ballindean referred to in the text. He died in 1686, and his
next brother, James, succeeded him, but only kept tlie estate
for one year. The third brother, George Fotheringham, was
served heir on 31st August 1687. The estate of Ballindean
came afterwards into the possession of the Wedderbums of
Blackness, and now gives the title to Sir William Wedderburn,
Bart., of Ballindean.

^ Auchterlownie ofGuynd. Page 14.

John Ochterlony, who was Collector of Supply for the Shire
of Forfar, was the representative of the ancient family of
Ochterlony of that Ilk. He succeeded his father on 12th
April 1676, and was Commissioner of Supply for Forfarshire
from 1678 till 1690. In literature he is known from the
' Account of the Shyre of Forfar,' which he wrote for Sir Robert
Sibbald of Kipps, and which is now amongst the Macfarlane
Manuscripts in the Advocates' Library, Edinburgh. In 1 689,
when William and Mary issued the order for new elections of
magistrates in all the burghs of Scotland, John Ochterlony
was appointed to superintend the election in Montrose. In
his own account of his paternal mansion he claims to be ' the
lineal successor, chief, and representative of the ancient familie
of Ouchterlony of that Ilk.' In concluding his ' Account,' he
thus refers to his ancestors : — ' I will add no more for our
Familie of Ouchterlony of that Ilk but what I have said in the
generall description of some places we have and had concern
in, but that I have ane accompt of the marriages of the Familie
these fifteen generations, viz. — 1st, Stewart of Rosyth, in Fyffe ;
2d, MauU of Panmure ; 3d, Ogilvy of Lentrathene, predecessor
to the Lords of Ogilvy ; 4th, Gray, of the Lord Gray ; 5th,
Drummond of Stobhall, now Perth ; 6th, Keith, Lord Mari-
shall ; 7th, Lyon, Lord Glames ; 8th, Cunninghame of Barnes ;
9th, Stewart of Innermeath ; 10th, Olyphant, of the Lord
Olyphant ; 11th, Scrimgeour of Dudope ; 12th, Beatoun of
Westhall ; 13th, Peirsone of Lochlands ; 1 4th, Carnegy of
Newgait ; 15th, Maull, cousin e- germane to the deceist Patrick,
Earl of Panmure. All these are daughters of the above written
families. The familie is very ancient, and very great, having


above fourteen score chalders of victuall, which was a great
estate in those days."*

^^ Duke of Lauder dal. Page 14.

John Maitland, second Earl of Lauderdale, was born at
Lethington, 24th May 1616, and succeeded to the title in
1645. His name is familiar to every student of Scottish
history, because of the prominent part he took in the manage-
ment of Parliamentary affairs, both in the time of Charles i.
and of Charles ii. Having been taken prisoner at the battle
of Worcester, in 1651, he was imprisoned in the Tower of
London for nine years, and was liberated by General Monck in
March 1660. He proceeded at once to the Hague, and
returned to this country in company with Charles ii. at the
Restoration. From this period his power in Scotland was
almost unlimited. He was made Secretary of State, President
of the Council, one of the Lords of the Bedchamber, Governor
of the Castle of Edinburgh, and an extraordinary Lord of
Session. In 1669, he was appointed High Commissioner to
the Parliament, aud after the fall of the Earl of Middleton he
obtained the entire control of Scotland. He was created Duke
of Lauderdale in 1672, and continued to control that country
till the Duke of York was sent to the North in 1680. From
this time his influence rapidly declined, his offices were taken
from him, and the pensions he had received were cancelled.
His death took place at Tunbridge on 24th August 1682.
He was buried at Haddington, and the inscription on his
coffin in the Lauderdale vault there is thus given by Monteith :

' In Spem beatce Resurrectionis hie conditur illustrissimus et
nohilissimus Princeps ac Dominus D. Joannes Dux de Lauder-
dale^ Marchio de March, Comes de Lauderdale et Guilford, Vice
Comes Maitland, Dominus de Thirlestane, Musselburgh, Bolton
et Peterham ; saepius ad Parliamenta et Ordinum hujus Regni
Conventus tenenda Prorex, a Restauratione Region Magistatis
per 20 Annos, solus, pro Regno Scotice, Regum optimo, Carolo
Secundo a Secretes ; Praeses Secreti Concilii, praedicto potent-
issimo Reg'i, in Regno Anglia, a Secretiorihus Conciliis et ex
Cubiculariis Primariis unis ; in Scotia ex quatuor Collegii


Justitiae extraordinariis Senatoribus unus, Castelli Regii Edin-
hurgeni Const ahularius et Gubernator, Nobilissimi Ordinis
Garterii Eques.

' Natus 21 Mail M.D.C. XVI. Leidintonice Obiit 24 Dk
Augiisti, prope Fontes de Tunbridge Anno humance Salutis
M. D. C. L. XXXII ^tatis 68.'

The Duke of Lauderdale's Parliament referred to in the text
was held at St. Andrews in 1646, and the Act to which Lord
Strathmore alludes was passed for the purpose of relieving
' Johne Erie of Kinghorne, Johne Lord Lowre, the Laird of
Panmure, Sir Alexr. Erskene of Dun, and some uth' gentle-
men of the Sheriffdome of Forfar,' who had borrowed 6600
merks for the payment of officers and furnishing of amunition
for the levy of troops in that county. The Parliament directed
that the sum should be taken up by a stent upon the whole
shire. The suggestion which Lord Strathmore makes that
Lord Halton, brother of the Duke, went shares with him in
this impost, is rendered not unlikely from the after conduct of
Halton, who was deprived of his office of Treasurer for mal-
appropriation of funds in his charge. The Earl of Brentford
(Bramford) was Patrick Ruthven, son of William Ruthven of
Ballindean, an eminent officer under Gustavus Adolphus, who
was created Earl of Forth in 1642, and was afterwards made a
Peer of England, with the title Earl of Brentford, for his
valour in support of the cause of Charles i. in 1644. He died
at Dundee, at a very advanced age, in 1651. Sir William
Binning of Wallyford was Lord Provost of Edinburgh in 1676,
and was a Commissioner of Supply for Midlothian from 1678
till 1704. In 1693 he was heavily fined for his concern in the
purchase of arms for the Government, having attempted, in
conjunction with his partners, to swindle the country, by
extorting an increase on the contract price agreed upon, and
for attempted bribery. Sir William was married to the
daughter of John Dundas of Duddingston.

^2 Laird qfSalton. Page 14.

Andrew Fletcher, the celebrated patriot and political theorist,
was the son of Sir Robert Fletcher of Saltoun, and the grand-


son of Sir Andrew Fletcher, Lord InnerpefFer of Session. He
was educated under Gilbert Burnet, afterwards Bishop of
Salisbury, and became Member of Parliament for Haddington-
shire in 1681-2. Here he became so strenuous an opponent of
the arbitrary rule of James, Duke of York, that he found it
necessary to withdraw to Holland. As he had refused to take
the test, he was outlawed, and when he returned with Mon-
mouth in 1685, his estates were confiscated and granted to the
Earl of Dumbarton. In the Revolution of 1688 he took an
active part, and again represented Haddington in the Parlia-
ment of 1702-7. He was opposed to the terms suggested by
the English Parliament at the time of the Union, and voted
against it. He died, unmarried, at London, on 16th September

^^ Bannerman of Elswk. Page 14.

Sir Alexander Bannerman, descendant of Alexander Ban-
nerman of Elsick who was Sheriff of Aberdeenshire in 1512,
was Commissioner of Supply for Kincardineshire in 1678 and
1685. He was created a Baronet of Nova Scotia on 28th
December 1682. He was appointed overseer for the election
of magistrates in Aberdeen, under the Royal Warrant of
1689. By his marriage in 1670 with Margaret, daughter of
Patrick Scott, and sister of Sir Francis Scott, Bart., of Thirle-
stane, he had a son, Patrick Bannerman, who was Provost of
Aberdeen in 1715. Sir Alexander is now represented by Sir
George Bannerman, Bart., of Elsick, Kincardineshire.

^* Lord Ross. Page 14.

George, eleventh Lord Ross, son of William, tenth Lord
Ross, and of Helen, daughter of George, Lord Forrester of
Corstorphine, was an ardent Royalist, was sworn of the Privy
Council at the Restoration, and held a commission as lieu-
tenant-colonel of the Royal Regiment of Guards. He was
married to Lady Grizel Cochrane, daughter of the first Earl of
Dundonald, and had a son, William, afterwards twelfth Lord
Ross, and a daughter, Grizel, married to Sir Alexander Gil-



mour, Bart., of Craigmillar. His second wife was Lady Jean
Ramsay, daughter of George, second Earl of Dalhousie, who
had also a son and daughter, Charles Ross of Balnagowan, and
Jean, wife of William, sixth Earl of Dalhousie. Lord Ross
died in 1682, and was succeeded by his eldest son. Though it
is not stated that the debt referred to in the text was con-
tracted with the eleventh Lord Ross, there is every probability
that it was so.

^^ Earl of Linlithgow. Page 15.

George, third Earl of Linlithgow, was the son of Alexander,
second Earl, and of Lady Elizabeth Gordon, daughter of
George, Marquess of Huntly. He was born in July 1616, and
succeeded to the title on the death of his father. As the date
of his father's decease is not precisely recorded in any of the
peerage genealogies, the time of his succession to the earldom
is obscure. Sir Robert Douglas in his Peerage states that
George, Earl of Linlithgow, had charters under that style in
1669, and this has been accepted as the year of his accession.
As his name is entered in the burgess roll of Dundee as Earl of
Linlithgow on 26th October 1660, it is evident that he must
have succeeded to the title nine years before the accepted date.
The third Earl of Linlithgow was a faithful adherent of the
Royalists, and suffered severely during the supremacy of Crom-
well. He represented the sheriffdom of Perth in the Parliament
of 1654-5, but took little part in the proceedings. He had
been appointed constable and keeper of the palace of Linlithgow
and the castle of Blackness in 1642, an office which had been .
hereditary in his family from 1598, and which was conferred by
royal warrant in 1803 on his representative Sir Thomas Living-
stone of Westquarter. At the Restoration the Earl was made
a privy councillor, and was appointed colonel of the Royal
Regiment of Horse Guards. There is a curious account in
Lamont's Diary ^ P^g^ 187, of a strange duel that happened at
the race-course of Cupar in Fife, betwixt the Earl of Linlithgow
and Lord Carnegie on 12th April 1666, in which the Earl was
severely wounded. After his recovery he was one of the prin-
cipal commanders to whom the suppression of the Conventicles


was committed, and he acted in concert with General Dalziel
and John Graham of Claverhouse. The high position which
he occupied in the army is proved by the fact that the Earl of
Argyll was directed to serve under him in this task. There is
a letter from the Duke of Rothes to the Earl of Argyll, pre-
served amongst the documents at Inveraray Castle, which is in
these terms : —

' Edinburgh, 7 June 1679. — The fanatickes in the west and
vther haveing formed themselves into a dangerous rebellion,
whose numbers and force doe daylie incresce, wee have there-
fore thought fitt to desyre your lordship, with the greatest
expedition your circumstances can allow, to disentangle your-
self from the expedition for which you are commissionated
against the rebellious people in the Highlands, to the end
your lordship may, with the greatest diligence you can, repaire
to his Majesty's host, and joyne the forces vnder the com-
mand of the Earle of Linlithgow, with your friendis, vassallis,
servantis, and folio weris, weill appoynted and armed, for assisting
towards the suppression of this treasonable insurrection. . . ."*

The Earl of Linlithgow terminated his military career by
resigning his command in 1681, and he was then appointed
Justice-General of Scotland. This office he retained till the
Revolution of 1688, when he was deprived, in common with
his fellow-Royalists. He was concerned in the plot of Sir
James Montgomery of Skelmorlie for the restoration of
James vii. to the throne which he had abandoned, but he died
before any overt action had been initiated. His death occurred
on the 1st of February 1690, when he was in his seventy- fourth
year. By his marriage with Lady Elizabeth Maule, daughter
of the first Earl of Panmure, and widow of John, second Earl
of Kinghorne, Lord Linlithgow had two sons and one daughter.
The elder son, George, succeeded his father as fourth Earl of
Linlithgow, but did not long survive him. The second son
was Alexander, third Earl of Callendar. The daughter, Lady
Henrietta, was married to Robert, second Viscount of Oxfurd.
The Earl of Linlithgow was stepfather to the Earl of Strath-
more, and frequent references are made to him throughout the
Book of Record.


36 Earl ofCraford. Page 15.

William Lindsay, sixteenth Earl of Craufurd, and second
Earl of Lindsay, succeeded his father in 1676, being the second
of the house of Lindsay of the Byres to hold the title of Earl
of Craufurd. Unlike his father, who was a strong Royalist, the
Earl of Craufurd warmly took up the cause of William iii. at
the Revolution, and in 1689 subscribed the Letter of Congratu-
lation sent by the Parliament to that monarch. In that year
he was chosen President of the Scottish Parliament, and it was
on his motion that the Convention of Estates was converted
into a Parliament. The Earl of Craufurd died on 6th March

^"^ Sir George Lochhart. Page 15.

Sir George Lockhart was the second son of Sir James
Lockhart of Lee, Lord Justice-Clerk. He was admitted advo-
cate on 8th January 1656, and as his brother. Sir William
Lockhart, had supported Cromwell, and been rewarded with
the hand of the Protector''s niece in marriage, George Lockhart
was chosen advocate to Cromwell on 14th May 1658. The
Restoration in 1660 put an end to this office, and Lockhart
was compelled to take the oath of allegiance to Charles ii.,
kneeling, before he could gain re-admission to the Faculty of
Advocates. His father had maintained his loyalty to the
Stewart family and had been replaced on the Bench, and this
probably had some influence in reconciling the king to the
only law-officer appointed by Cromwell in Scotland. He was
knighted in 1663, and his great talents and profound learning
soon carried him beyond all his rivals at the Bar. In 1672

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