Patrick Lyon Strathmore.

The book of record, a diary written by Patrick first earl of Strathmore and other documents relating to Glamis castle, 1684-1689 online

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persue for that bond. In which there is a proces commensed
but industriously againe wav'd of purpose that time may
obliterat the foulness of the deed, waiting for a fair oppor-
tunity to renew that proces.

My father Lykwayes greatly suffered for the Lord Spinie ^^
and payed considerable debts for him.

But of all the actions of my father's life there was on which
I am sorrie to mention since he is so inexcusable for it, but
that the fault was truly more his brothers. The Laird of
Aldbarr,^^ then his, who was in his owne nature a man of a
noble dispositione and feared no ill designe from any man,
because he had none himselfe, only it was his misfortune to be
easie to be intreated, and it was painfull for him to refuse to
relieve his freind when in distress, not considering the hazard
of the event, for indeed he was a man not fitted for the time
he lived in, fraud and deceit rageing in the transactions of
privat busines, and the purpose of rebellion in the publick.
All which prov'd too true by the ruin of many good famillies
in their privat fortune and the murder of the best of Kings,
but my father was preveen'd by death and did not behold this
Tragedie, but was sufficiently convinced of the error of the
times — tho. att the beginning he was carried away by the
speat and by the influence of his first Lady and his brother

foi. 26. Aldbar, two mightie | Covenanters, was induced to goe on too
far, and was ingaged in persone with his regiment of Angus to
march four severall times and companyed with many of his
freinds to the North, which expeditions and the buying of arms
I have seen by the reall accompts thereof stood him no less
then Fourtie thousand merks. This and the lyke advancements
for the propagating the good cause (for the rebellious covenant


was so called at that time) were thought meritorious, and no
less then heaven was the purchase, tho. it was the Divill in
Masquerad, and my father's wyfe, who was the E. of Marr's *^
daughter, dyeing and his brother Aldbarr soon after did discover
the wicked designs against King and Kingdome which were
carried on under the pretence of Religione, and in the parlia-
ment sometime before his owne death declared no less, and
opposed as much as in him lay the preventing partie at that
time and when his countrie-men (an unpardonable sin in those
who received the pryce q^^ will certainly prove a snare and a
curse to their posteritie and does remain an everlasting reproach
to the natione, tho. many there was in it honest and blamless)
sold there King and voted in Parliament to delyver him up to
the Inglish att Newcastle, and not only past his vote against it,
and there was but a feu in Parliament did so, but entered his
protestatione thereupon boldlie enough but honestlie done att
that time.

I have made this digressione tho. it be out of the way of my
privat concerns, only here to have the opportunitie to conjure
my posteritie never to engage themselves upon any pretence
whatsoever against the interest of their lawfull King, who
certainly is Charles the second now reigning and his heire in
the right and lineal descent. | But to returne to the particular >/. 27.
actions so destructive to his familly which his brother Aldbar
was in a great pairt to be blamed for. There was on John
Rind a mean-born man in Angus, became of great trade and
reputatione as a merchant att Edenburgh, yet it seems all was
not gold with him that glistered, and att the verie nick of
time before his breaking My father being caried by his brother
Aldbar to a deer traitie prepared by John Rind for them, he
was induced by the flatterie and insinuationes of the fellow to
become suretie for him that night in bonds for the sowme of
four thousand ponds sterlin which sowme John Rind soon after
breaking and departing the Kingdome My father was necessitate
to acknowledge as his owne debt and the toucher which my father
gott by my mother his wyfe of the second marriage being the
lyke sowme, and no small toucher at that time, which had lyke-
wayes in return a great provision of Joynter was inteerlie
imploy'd for the payment of John Rind's debt wherein my


father stood engaged, for q^^ there was never any releife
obtained to the worth of a grott. This was a great blow to
the familly. And I am sorrie that I behoove to transmitt the
narrative of it, but Aldbarr the brother, was to blame for all,
and who was a deer brother to this house, for he was a proud
and forward man and a great Maister My father gave him the
Baronie of Aldbarr of inheritance, but he never lived upon the
rent of it, contracted debt yearlie which my father from time
to time payed it till exceeded the worth of the land, neither did
my grandfather appoyint so much as the halfe of the value of
that estate to this his second son so that it was a free and a
gratuitous thing done of my father neither did he ever live by
himselfe or had the charge of a familly, but allwayes with my
father. This estate was the second time given him and my
father discharged him of all the debts he had payed for him,
and had he lived he had certainly spent it againe, but he dyed
foi. 28. shortlie after and was | never married so the estate returned
from whence it came, but my father having yet another brother,
the Laird of Brigtone who is mentioned before, out of his good
nature and innate justice, thought he ought not to be the sol
heir of his brother's estate, albeit he bought it before and att
that time made the purchase of a prettie roume convenient for
his brother Brigtone called Kinnetls tho. it has been the mis-
chance also of that house not to keep it long.

There was also on Lammie of Dunkennie good for telling of
old storries and a familiar friend in the house who I cannot
tell hou transported in the time but made a shift to spend up
his owne litle estate My father still engaging for him till his
debts exceeded the double of the worth of the estate. It was
then sold and what the estate did not pay of his debt My
father behooved to pay being ingaged for it ; which did not
serve, but my father also gratified him and his wyfe with a
pensione of fiftie bolls of victuall dureing all the dayes of their
life, and they out lived himself a long time. His brother was
minister in Glammiss, which hes not such a provisione as could
inrich any man but such were the advantages those had who
were constantlie about my father that he, without any visible
cause made a shift to purchase bonds of my father so as he
obtained a wedsett for his money from my Tutor Bridgton to


the value of Balnamoon and the sixth part lands of Drumgley,
with which his son, I having redeemed these wedsetts, hes
againe made a purchase of his uncles lands.

Now by what is written and by many mischances which I
have not written tho. I know them, and by a great many more
q*=^ I doe not | know tho. I beleeve verily they were, The>/. 29.
reader may see how debt was contracted by my father upon
his familly for tho. he lived att a great rate and keeped a
noble house tho. without order, and his servants were all
liberteins and had famillies of their own, yet all that cou*'d be
spent that way cou'd never have exhausted his estate, for my
grandfather left him full Twentie eight score of chalders
victuall on hunder merks of mony rent without debt, except
indeed the provision of his two brothers and the portion of
his sister The Countess of ErroU, and so without raking up
any more the old sores and the bruises given to my familly in
the last age I returne to the staggering conditione I left it in
the twentie third page of this book.

Had I keepit a yearlie account of all my busines and trans-
actions I might have been able to have written something to
better purpose then I can now doe after so long a time, and I
acknowledge that I am verie much to be blam''d for not keep-
ing a record of all my transactions and doeings I am so much
convinced of the necessitie of any man of busines his doeing
some such thing for their owne vindicatione to posterity of
there not being idle and useless in their time (a verie unpar-
donable crime in any man that is so) that however short my
life may be (q^^ is in the hands of the Lord) henceforth to
continue this book of a daly account of all that I doe, and q*'^
I did beginn the first of this moneth so tho. it be impossible
for me to relate the ten thousandth part of what I have done
I must make this on apologie for all, and that I doe intreat
my successor to beleeve I have w* my best and uttmost endea-
vours served my familly in my generatione and have been still
uncessant goeing about the interest and advancement thereof
with equall labour and diligence in the time past as I hope the
method q^^ I now am to folio we in setting doune the whole
particulars as they are daylie transacted will | evince as to they^/. 30.
future and as I have done hitherto all that I was able and am


fully bent to continue so to doe it is my opinion that I am
bound in duty to improve all which lawfully I can doe to the
profit and behoove of my familly and that every man in his
age is but ane administrator to the nixt of his familly, and if
he doe no good deserves no less reproofe then the man in the
Gospel which put up his talent in his napken.

And for the time past instead of A full account which is
impossible for me to render, I shall sume it up in this short

In the year 1660 when I was some seventaine yeares of aige
I did deny myselfe the satisfactione which the most pairt of
youth of that aige desyre, of goeing abroad and travelling,
considering pairtlie the narrowness of the estate that I was
left in but especially being adicted to the restoring of my
familly to some conditione of living, for which I was determin''d
to spare no pains or travell, after which time I did verie
seldome give my curators the trouble of meeting togither, tho.
all of them were verie kind and affectionat to me, and had my
business been as well managed in the time of my tutorie as it
was after I chused my curators, it had been the better for me.
Yet tho. I seldome brought my curators togither I did no
matter of consequence without the advyce of such of them as I
had occasione to meet with. Gilbert E. of Erroll, tho. greatly
obliged to my father's kindness was so ungrate according to
the proverb, That what is done to children and old men is
most pairt lost, The on forgetting favours and the other
dyeing before a requytall, that he refused to accept as a
curator, albeit att the verie time of the election of my
curators att fforfare, he was at Kinnaird in the E. of South-
esque**s house about his marriage busines.
foi. 3T. Others of my relations by my father whereof the new
Marquess of Athol was the nearest in blood. Lay at such a
distance as that in my private affairs I could not have so easely
their advyce, so that the freind that I made most use of, and
who rendered himselfe verie usefull to me was my uncle by my
mother George E. of Panmure, who, studeing my interest
more than his owne convenience of purpose to render my
business the more easie for me, bought the estate and interest
which I had in Aberdeenshyre, which was the whole paroch


of Bahelvie in propertie or superiority, which lands continued
in my familly verie long, even since the dayes and reigne of
Robert the second and first King of the race of Stewarts, att a
just and equall pryce and more then land giv's now in that
countrie a hunder pond sterlin for each chalder of victual and a
hunder merk overhead and made good payment thereof, but
the time is so farr passed that I can give no more particular
account thereof, then that att the time of the doeing of it that
other of my freinds and I were fully satisfied by the payments
made and exact collectione thereof. And I remember verie
well that such of my creditors who's bonds he was oblidged to
reteer to me, the same was done with that ingeneuitie and
honesty by him that they upon payment made to them by
him, were induced to give some small eas of some by gone @
rents which he verie kindly rendered to me and took no benefit
of it himselfe.

He was lykewayes verie usefull by his presence constantlie
with me when I took in any of my factors accompts, and being
of himselfe a verie | understanding man, knew most exactly theM 32.
right forme of a compt and was at the pains to instruct me
in it, and gave me many good advyces so that when he dyed
I had reasone as I did regrat his death verie much.

The kindness of my uncle did repair in some measure a cruel
and an inhumane injurie q^^ my grandfather on my mothers
syde did to me which was shortlie this. In my younger years
when I was under the tuition of my mother, the necessity of
my affairs requyred the vendition of Land, and my mother
att that time entered into a bargon with the old E. of
Southesque who was att that time to have bought the Baronies
of Tannadyce Aldbar, Dod, and Tullies. The old E. of Pan-
mure being a rysing man and fitt for conquess was somewhat
emulous of the other to have so great a bargon and so pre-
vailed with his daughter my mother that she was induced by
him q^^ she sorely repented after, upon some pretence or other
to give up the bargon with the E. of Southesque,^^ so there
past a minute in the same terms betwixt my mother as tutrix
to me and her owne father, but sometime shortlie after, he
having the said Minute in his hand upon some smal occasione
or other, for litle would have offended the old crabed man.


to ared his name from the minute, Which minute lyes yet in
my cabinet so destroyed. Now the loss was verie irreparable
to me for tho. these lands remained still with me till I found
other merchants for them, since I becam a man, yet the times
from the breaking of the bargon in maner before mentioned,
till the yeare 1660 being a constant vicissitud of trouble, in
which the duties payable be the tenents were all exhausted
by the payment of Taxes, Levies, and quarterings that for
the most part of those years these lands yielded no rent or
profitt to me and in the meantime the @ rents of those

/&^- 33- creditors debts which the pryce of the land should | have payed,
runn on to a great hight and herein my prejudice is obvious
to any considering persone in so much as in common discourse
which I have had since I was a man with James E. of South-
esque he hes told me frequentlie that the breaking of that
bargone was of great service to their familly for that if it had
holdne it wou''d certainly have ruined his familly. But I
desyre to forgett injuries and with them I shall also forgett
my grandfather of that syde. And to returne againe to
the eldest son for respect to whom I must also narrate here
another special good office done me. For when I was a minor
some creditors of the E. of Morton to whom my father stood
engaged as cautioner, notwithstanding that they had a good
ground right upon the E. of Morton's Lands and estate of
Aberdour, yet such was their cruelty even to me a minor and
but the heir of a cautioner, that laying asyd their right to the
estate of the prin^^ debitor as if they had it not, they persued
me all of them in the persone of James Butter a stoical and
regardless kind of a man, who prosecute the same so rigorously
that in a short time he obtained decreets, and led and deduced
ane apprysing upon my whole estate to seven or eight and
fourtie thousand pond which was the first of that nature
against me, but this was of great mischeife, others being
alarm'd therewith, they immediatly persued in the same

My uncle more in his owne nature then any merite that he
could perceive in me for I was verie young, stopt the carreir of

/bi. 34. their malice, | knoweing well that if he had not done it the
consequence would a been my utter ruine. And after a


meeting or two with those rabid hell hounds agried with them
and payed them there sowmes of money and took assignment
from their common trustie James Butter to the rights of the
debt and the diligence also done aganst me and had good
reasone so to doe. Yet in this he used it only as if he had it
not for laying up all these decreets against me safe in his
custodie, he commensed process before the commissioners for
the administratione of justice in the Inglish time and upon his
rights evicted the lands of Aberdour and possessed them for
his sowmes ay and while after the King's restauratione, he was
payed of his sowmes and the lands were redeemed by the E. of
Midleton commissioner then to the current parliment for the
behoove of his eldest daughter whom the Earle of Morton had
married, so att that time my uncle was payed and he took
care at the same time in the conveyance which he made of his
rights to have me discharged. A freindly and a reasonable
good office to his distressed nephew.

This eviction by my uncle Panmure of the lands of Aberdour
from the E. of Morton and the necessity Morton was in to
comply wt. the payment of the moneys of his Toucher that
way, for these were the lands his Lady was to be secured in for
her joynter, exasperat the E. of Morton extreamly so that he
and a number of his freinds contracted a great malice against
my Lord Panmure for it, and there were of his freinds and
relationes powerfull enough att that time and had no small
interest with the Earle of Midleton then commissioner and
many counsills wer held by | him and his freinds how to over-/^/, 35.
take my Lord Panmure as if he had done some notable
iniquity in rescueing his nephew and putting the sadle on the
right horse back. So these devices against him ended in this
That to be sure when the Committie of Parliment for impos-
ing of fines should sitt they would informe so strongly against
him as to gett him severely fin^d and put the Duke of Lenox ^^
mightily in rage against him as being a rich man that he might
gett a gift of his fine.

However in the meantime I was in suite of the Earle of
Midleton's nixt daughter to have her in marriage which I
obtained and the same I thank God hes been verie successfull
to me. I was att that time some nynteen years old. Yet


this putt no period to the malice of the Earle of Morton and
his freinds against my uncle, but as they insisted maliciously
against him on the on hand I was so much the more concerned
on the other and at last my dear Uncle gott free of the snare
in which they thought to have intrap'd him. Freinds were
then imployed to settle the matter betwixt the E. of Morton
and me and after much adoe and with great loss to me, our
business was settled and I quyt great sowmes that were owen
me for the payment of what in some place of this book before
I have recorded meerlie upon hopes that his engagement per-
sonally for my releife of such debts as were not yet payed, but
stood in hazard of, and of this I was altogither frustrate and I
foi. 36. remember verie well tho. My Lady Midleton seemed | equall to
us both, as indeed her Lord was, yet she imployed some of her
owne particular Trusties to tryst for him against me, which I
have after asked the reasone for who^s answear to me was that
the odds was only here, that she knew I was intent upon my
busines and that he could not be, q^^ made her pitie him
more then me. And indeed att that time had his L/p had
any right conduct in his busines he was in a fair conditione to
have restored his family to its ancient greatness for his father
in law gott him againe from the king the gift of the Isles of
Orkney and Shetland (no small thing for a subject) and because
of his apparent rysing I quyt him much the more of what he
was oweing me to gett him of new obleidged to releive me of
my cautionries as I said before, but things succeeded not with
the Earle of Morton for his first misfortune was by his Lady's
death who was ane excellent good woman, and within some
years after, her only son, a prettie child dyed also, his rights
to Orkney and Shetland were also reduced and he himselfe in
great straits and want before he dyed, who lived also to dis-
pone and putt away his title to the reversions of Kinrosshyre,
a noble Lordship, att ane under value to Sir W™ Bruce.^^
More of him could be said but this is enough to the purpose
in hand and I 'm affraid that his uncle now Earle of Mortone
ane old man, and his son the Lord of Aberdour shall signifie
verie litle either to the raising of that ancient familly and far
less will be able to attribut anything to my releife of the s^
great debts which I stand yet unreleived off. And Sir W™


Bruce being a contentious | and Teuch lawer will be verier/. 37.
troublesome to be overtaken upon that head tho. his right to
Kinros be with the burden of my right of regress to the rever-
sioune att least the equall halfe of the Wedsetts there and to
the halfe of the feu duties about Kinghorne which belonged to
the E. of Morton of which feu duties I am yet in possessione
upon a decreet which I obtained by my right of regress.

Now after all this digression wherein I have told of my
marriage which happn'd not till two years after my comeing
from the colledge I must yet returne to my first comeing to
Castle Lyon upon the thirtie of May 1660. I borrowed from
the minister of Longforgan ^^ a bed wherein I lay, but within
a week my owne q^^ I made up att St andrewes came about in
a boat to Dundee and immediatly was brought out by carriage
horses to Castle Lyon. I did lykewayes imploy my aunt My
Lady Northesque,^^ who bought for me the furniture of a
rowme back againe from My Lord Lithgow att a deere enough
rate, and a dusone of spoons and a salt att 3 lib. the ounce
whereupon my fathers and mothers name were. It may be
easily guesed I had even att that time sufficient impressions of
the inconveniences of second marieges, which tho. in my case
att that time was of the mother's being married to a second
husband, yet upon good reasone I conclude that when hus-
bands marrie upon the death of their wifes when they have "
children of the marriege it is yet more fatal and destructive to
famillies, wherein it happens, then when wemen marries after
the deceas of their husbands, | for they carrie away only a life- yb^. 38.
rent, but the former carries away heretablie some part of the
estate less or more, for the children of the second marrieg and
oft times for peace sake the husband must give more then he
is able to doe or would willingly give to satisfie the impor-
tunities of a Clamorous wyfe and ane envyous woman of the
children of the first marriage.

I behoovM also att Middsummer mercat to provyde my selfe
with three horses for att that time I was not worth a four-
footed beast, safe on litle dog that I keeped att and brought
with me from St. andrews. These horses also qu*^'^ I caused
buy were all three within twentie pond sterlin payed, by this
time the Inglishes were all gone out of Glammiss so I sent and


brought from thence the remnant of what they had left behind
them. And horses went from the Cars to bring it, for att
Glammiss I could command no carrieges all there about being
wedsett. amongst other things which cam from thence were
some old potts and pans q'=^ were verie usefull, so within few
dayes I gott two rowmes more dressed up as a begers cloak
consists of many cluts of divers colors, so my furniture was
verie disagreeable but being alone I was impatient and thought
long and so sent for my sister who had been from the time of
My Lord Lithgow''s removall till the begining of July with her
aunt, and her companie was of great comfort to me, so young as
were both we consulted togither and partlie by our owne con-
clusions and partlie by advice in two years time I gott togither
as much of cours furniture as in a verie mean and sober way

foi. 39. filled I all the rowms of my house, some on way some another,
but in the begining of summer 1662 when I begane to forsee
the probability of my marriage I sent to London a commis-
sion for two suite of arras hangings and some Inglish cloath
for a bed and linen and frings to it which my sister made up,
and some pewter for I was verie ill served before and severall
other things to the value of tuo h under and fiftie pond sterlin.
And att their arrivall q^^ happened soon after I was married
I obtained leave of my wyfe in the latter end of September to
come home where I busied myselfe in putting things in order
the best way I could, and after my stay some six weeks which
my young wyfe thought long enough I returned to Eden, leav-
ing my sister behind me att Castle Lyon. Att that same time

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