Patrick O'Brien.

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bar, in the marts of trade, also in the House of Rep-
resentatives in the National Capitol, as well as in the
legislatures of different States, and they were possessed
of all the necessary qualifications to fill the positions they

I have heard it asserted that if Ireland were free to-
morrow she could never govern herself. Such a state-
ment, to my mind, is a villainous lie, and the Irishman
who makes such an assertion is not a sincere Irishman ;
he does not want to make any sacrifices for Irish freedom,
nor does he want the iron grasp of the Saxon broken.

I have still hopes within this aching mind that Ireland
must and shall lift herself, phoenix-like, from the grave
and take her place among the nations of the world, but
in order to accomplish this it is absolutely necessary that
there should be an armed force back of this parliamentary
agitation. Let John Redmond and his colleagues work
their way, and let the men who believe "in the sword
alone" to obtain Ireland's freedom work their wa}^, but
let neither of them place any obstructions in the other's
way, and then when the time comes present a united front
and drive the sword to the hilt in the enemies of our

In union there is always strength ; in disunion always


disaster. The Irish people are the most faithful fol-
lowers of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, and also
the most liberal contributors to Peter's Pence. They
have built more Catholic churches than any nation in the
world, and I trust God will not keep them in slavery for-
ever, for they are his faithful children. The Irish race,
though persecuted by England, is a noble one; generous
and hospitable to a fault; every ready to help a country-
man or countrywoman in time of need, and the greater
part of that race longing for an opportunity to measure
swords with the demon of all nations and despoiler of
many homes, who would steal the Lord's Supper and
come back for the tablecloth five minutes after.

I believe the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah were no
worse than the city of London is to-day. Take the his-
tory of Cleveland street and take the history of the
English officials in Dublin for the past fifty years. Take
Sergeants Sheridan and Sullivan; take Wilde, Russell,
Montgomery, Talbot and hosts of others. Their crimes
were just as bad, and in some cases worse, than those of
Sodom and Gomorrah. Some of the deeds of the syco-
phantic scorbutics in high stations of life surpassed any
deeds or acts committed by the Egyptians who were
drowned in the Red Sea by the command of the Almighty
God himself. Still we are granted a special dispensation
from the Propaganda to eat meat on a certain Friday in
honor of a man who swore that our Most Holy Father
himself worshipped idols and that the Catholic Church
is superstitious and that there was no transubstantia-
tion in the Body and P>lood of our Lord and Saviour Jesus
Christ. Here is the oath taken by King Edward VH. the


day he ascended the throne. His mother, the late Queen
Victoria, took the same oath on the 20th day of Novem-
ber, 1837.


''I, Edward, do solemnly and sincerely, and in the
presence of God, profess, testify and declare that I do
believe that in the Sacrament of our Lord's Supper there
is not any transubstantiation of the elements of bread
and wine into the body and blood of Christ at or after
the consecration thereof by any person whatsoever, and
that the invocation or adoration of the Virgin Mary or
any other saint and the sacrifice of the mass, as they are
now used in the Church of Rome, are superstitious and
idolatrous; and I do solemnly, in the presence of God,
profess, testify and declare that I do make this declara-
tion and every part thereof in the plain and ordinary
sense of the words read unto me, as they are commonly
understood by English Protestants, without any evasion,
equivocation or mental reservation whatsoever, and with-
out thinking that I am or can be acquitted before God or
man of any part thereof, although the Pope or any other
person or persons or power whatsoever should dispense
with or annul the same or declare that it was null and
void from the beginning."

Remember, kind reader, Edward VII. had taken that
oath before the Pope granted a special dispensation to
all of his Catholic subjects to eat meat on the Friday he
was going to be coronated, which event, however, did not
take place on that eventful day owing to the illness of
the man in whose honor the dispensation was granted,


If I had got meat three times a week in Ireland I would
not have left there thirty-three years ago, as I did, in order
to better my condition. I look upon this dispensation from
the Propaganda as one of the greatest insults the Irish
Roman Catholics received from the banks of the Tiber.
In justice to King Edward, I will not say that he is a
bigot, but having the reputation of being a liberal-minded
man, why in God's name did he take such an oath against
his Catholic subjects? Of course, the English Govern-
ment believes that the Catholic Church is founded on
superstition, ignorance, heresy, idolatry and immorality,
consequently we cannot expect anything better from their
King than the abominable oath which he took when
ascending the throne of England.

If any government official in the United States took
such an oath when entering office, the people would tie
him to the windward part of something of a cross be-
tween a bulldog and a coyote and then dump him in some
cesspool, for he would be too obnoxious to the human
race and would smell too bad.

Spain forced religion down the throats of her subjects
with the usual results — she is nearly wiped off the face
of the earth ; a fate which she richly deserved, and she
should have been blotted off the map of the world years
ago. Such a fate awaits England, and just as sure as
there is a just God she will suffer Spain's fate in the long
run. I care not what a person's religion is — that is no
business of mine — but a bigot I hate as I do a rattlesnake.

I believe all persons will go to heaven when they
leave this world except the A. P. A.'s^ and there is a
little subterranean passageway awaiting all of them


in hell, where there will be nothing but skulls, crossbones
and toads and scorpions, for of all the contemptible ruf-
fians on this earth they are the foulest reptiles that ever
polluted this glorious land with their presence. But,
thanks to the intelligence of the rising generation, their
abortion is aborted, and they are now a thing of the past.

With such men in the White Plouse as the indefatigable
Theodore Roosevelt, they have no show in this fair land
of ours. No decent American would associate with one
of them. The late Pope sent his representative to Queen
Victoria's two jubilees, and his secretary, Rampolla,
thinks more of the King of England's big toe than he
does of all the Irish cardinals, bishops and archbishops
and priests in Ireland. So do all the English Cath-
olics, from the Duke of Norfolk down to the kennel-
keeper. If there be any decency among Englishmen,
especially government officials, it is among the Protes-
tants, and the same may be said of those in Ireland.

If I were living in Ireland I would strangle a child of
mine before I would see that child wear His Majesty's
battleship band on his hat. I have seen many children
wear the bands of men-of-war ships on their hats ; I have
seen young women wearing the same kind of ornament
in order to attract the attention of the minions of the
Crown, but thank the Lord no decent, patriotic Irish girl
would be seen wearing one of these emblems. A true
Irishman would not have one in his lavatory.

Whenever a loyal man, especially if he be a Roman
Catholic, is either on the bench or on the jury and an
Irishman is on trial for any offense against the Crown,
his doom is sealed the moment the jury enters the box.


The Roman Catholic hireling is far worse than the
Protestant hireling. I would rather have my life in the
hands of twelve Protestants any time, for I know I need
expect no justice at the hands of a jury selected by a
loyal judge of the Peter-the-Packer type of Roman
Catholic. This Peter the Packer was the judge who
packed himself from the bar to the bench and told the
jury that convicted Cadogan that he was guilty. I have
mentioned the foreman of this jury, and I might add to
what I said that this scurvy-faced, so-called commercial
traveler is a disgrace not alone in Ireland, but to all the
members of that craft.

Another low creature is the professional patriot or
faker. He would prostitute Ireland ten times a day
for his own aggrandizement, and is always ready
to participate in all Irish demonstrations, and is generally
on horseback or riding in a carriage with some distin-
guished characters on every St. Patrick's Day parade. He
makes some of the American politicians believe that he
controls all the Irish votes in his organization, and is
always successful in securing a fat position from Tam-
many Hall or some other hall on the strength of his con-
nection with Irish affairs. The so-called faker cares no
more for the freedom of Ireland than I do for the North
Pole. We have another example of so-called patriots in
America. I mean the St. Patrick's Day Irishman, who
manages by hook or by crook to get a horse — if possible a
gray one — and wears a green sash over his shoulders at
the head of the procession, and looks at each corner of the
street as the procession passes to see who is admiring
him. Then he is never heard of for twelve months more


until he is seen on horseback again, but if he be called
upon to contribute to strangle landlordism, he will tell
you that he is tired of giving to this society and that,
when in reality he never gives a cent, but he pays five
dollars for the use of a horse and perhaps five more for the
loan of the sash for one day. He is the St. Patrick's Day
Irishman — only Irish once a year just to suit the occasion.
The Irishman who never marches in procession on St.
Patrick's Day, but gives his mite when called on to help
his unfortunate country is my ideal of a man.

I have no objection to parades, but the money spent in
America on each St. Patrick's Day for the past twenty
years, if properly applied, would have had Irish land-
lordism strangled and buried in oblivion forever. Think
of it, gentle reader, there has been at least $50,000,000
spent on St. Patrick's Day parades in the United
States during the past forty years, and one-half of that
amount would have sent all the landlords in Ireland, in-
cluding absentees — the spurious spawn of Oliver Crom-
well's bastard breed — to perdition long ago.

Then the Irish boys and girls could remain at home
in the country that Almighty God created for them, for
when He made the world He made it for the benefit of the
hviman race. I am only quoting you His own words :

''Sound the loud timbrel o'er Egypt's dark sea,
Jehovah has triumphed, His people are free."


Father Richard Shelton, Superior of the Jesuits
in Ireland, writing to the Sacred Congregation


in 1658, conveyed the sad intelligence that
the persecution by Cromwell of the Irish Catholics
was carried on with ever-increasing fury ; especially, he
adds, ''every effort is now made to compel the Catholics,
by exile, imprisonment, confiscation of goods and other
penalties, to take the sacrilegious Oath of Abjuration,
but in vain, for as yet there has not been one to take it,
with the exception of a stranger residing in our island,
who had acquired large possessions, and being afraid of
losing them, and at the same time ashamed of the other
Catholics, undertook a journey of more than two hun-
dred miles to present himself to one of Cromwell's com-

This oath, devised by Cromwell, condensed into a few
formulas all the virulence of Puritanism against the

Catholic tenets. It was as follows : 'T, , abhor,

detest, and abjure the authority of the Pope, as well in
regard of the Church in general as in regard of myself in
particular. I firmly believe and avow that no reverence
is due to the Virgin Mary or to any other saint in heaven,
and that no petition or adoration can be addressed to
them without idolatry. I assert that no worship or rev-
erence is due to the sacrament of the Lord's Supper or
to the elements of bread and wine after consecration, by
whomsoever that consecration may be made. I believe
there is no purgatory, but that it is a Popish invention ; so
is also the tenet that the Pope can grant indulgences. I
also firmly believe that neither the Pope nor any other
priest can remit sins, as the Papists rave. And all this
I swear/' etc.

A simpler form of this Oath of Abjuration is given by


Father Dominick de Rosario from a work published in

England in 1653, as follows: 'T, , do reject and

abjure the supremacy of the Roman Pontiff and assert
that he has no jurisdiction over the Catholic Church in
general or myself in particular. I abjure the doctrine of
transubstantiation, purgatory and the worship of the
crucifix or other images. I abjure, moreover, the doc-
trine which teaches that salvation is to be procured by
good works. This 1 swear without any gloss, equivoca-
tion or mental reservation."

This short form, however, was judged insufficient, and
the more detailed and more insulting abjuration of their
religious tenets was exacted from the Catholics of Ire-
land. The following act of Parliament, which com-
manded this oath to be taken, will serve to give an idea
of the severe penalties proscribed against those who re-
fused to take it: "It is manifest (thus runs the preamble
of the act) that the number of Popish recusants has of
late greatly increased in this republic owing to the negli-
gence with which the laws are carried into execution
against them, and that infinite dangers arise hence to dis-
turb the public peace. * * * Wherefore, to check
these evils, it is commanded by the authority of
Parliament :

''That the Grand Juries will make a diligent inquiry
after all persons who are suspected of Popery, and have
attained the age of 16 years, and all persons so accused
will be obliged to present themselves at the next assizes,
or at any quarter sessions, to make and subscribe to the

Oath of Abjuration as follows: T, , do abjure

and renounce the primacy of the Pope and all his pre-


tended authority over the Church in general, and over
myself in particular/ etc.

''It is commanded that all justices of peace will send
four times every year to each parish clerk to have a list
of all persons suspected of being Popish recusants, who
have attained their sixteenth year, and are consequently
obliged to take the Oath of Abjuration. And that on the
presentation of this list each justiciary shall send his
orders to the bailiffs to summon those whose names are
thus presented to appear personally before the judges
at the next sessions. And if such persons do not appear
at the next sessions to subscribe the oath it shall be pro-
claimed in public sessions that such persons do appear
at the following sessions. And if they do not then appear
to take and subscribe to the Oath of Abjuration they will
be judged to be Popish recusants and subjected to all the
penalties that may be incurred as such.

"That on suspicion which any justice of the peace may
have he may summon the person whom he so suspects to
appear at the next session, and subscribe to the Oath of
Abjuration, under penalty of £100. And should such
person refuse to submit to the pecuniary fine thus
imposed on him he may be placed in custody until the
time of sessions, and should he then refuse to take and
subscribe to the said oath he shall be judged to be a Pop-
ish recusant as above.

"The Lord Protector is empowered to seize, by order
of the Court of Exchequer, and take possession of, for
the necessities of the republic, two-thirds of all the goods
and chattels and property whatsoever belonging to per-
sons so convicted each time that they refuse to subscribe


to the said oath. Should a person, of whatsoever condi-
tion he may be, contract marriage with one whom he
knows to be a Popish recusant, said person will himself
be held as such, and subject to all the penalties as above,
till such time as he shall take and subscribe to the Oath
of Abjuration.

''Each justice of the peace who shall neglect his duty
in fully carrying out this order will be fined £20; each
parish clerk will be fined for a like neglect £10; each
register of assizes, for each person that he omits in the
registry, £20, and of all these fines one-half will be given
to the accuser. That no subject of this repubHc be al-
lowed to hear Mass at any hour whatsoever, either in their
houses or in any other place, under penalty of £100 fine
and six months' imprisonment, half of which fine will be
given to the Lord Protector and the other half to the

Thus the penalty against all who should refuse to take
this oath was the confiscation of two-thirds of all their
goods, which was to be repeated each time that they
should prove refractory. It was expected that the Cath-
olic gentry, already reduced to poverty by continued
exactions, would be terrified into compliance by the dread
of absolute penury and utter ruin, which now impended
over them. As to the poorer classes another penalty re-
mained, slavery in the Barbadoes. In every town com-
missaries and officers were specially deputed to receive
this oath.



The English historian Regnault, in his "Criminal His-
tory of England," gives the following documents in ref-
erence to the Revolutionary War : ''Hitherto the English
Government had uttered ridiculous threats, but the means
which it adopted were infamous. The English sought
for allies in the wigwams of the savages and excited the
ferocity of the Indians by offering a reward for every
American scalp. A regular trade in human heads was
commenced between the Indians and the English gen-
erals. The following document will show how eagerly
the abominable traffic was conducted, a letter from Capt.
Crawford to Col. Haldiman, Governor of Canada, accom-
panying eight packs of scalps :

'' 'May it please Your Excellency, at the request of the
Seneca chiefs, I send, herewith, to Your Excellency,
under the care of James Boyd, eight packs of scalps,
cured and dried, hooped and painted with all the Indian
triumphal marks of explanation : 1. Containing forty-
three scalps of Congress soldiers, killed in different skir-
mishes ; these are stretched on black hoops, four inches
in diameter; the inside of the skin painted red, with a
small back spot to note their being killed with bullets.
Also sixty-two of farmers, killed in their houses, the
hoops red; the skin painted brown and marked with a
hoe ; a black circle all around, to denote their being sur-
prised in the night, and a black hatchet in the middle,
signifying their being killed with that weapon.

" '2. Containing ninety-eight of farmers, killed in their
houses; hoops red; figure of a hoe to mark their profes-


sion ; great white circle and sun, to show they were sur-
prised in the daytime ; a Httle red foot, to show they stood
upon their defense, and died fighting for their Hves and

" '3. Containing ninety-seven of farmers ; hoops green,
to show that they were killed in the fields ; a large white
circle with a little round mark in it for the sun, to show
that it was in the daytime.

" '4. Containing 102 of farmers, mixed of the several
marks above, only eighteen marked with a little yellow
flame to denote their being of prisoners burned alive,
after being scalped, their nails pulled out by the roots
and other torments. Most of the farmers appear by the
hair to have been young or middle-aged men, there being
but sixty-seven very gray heads among them all, which
makes the services more essential.

"'5. Containing eighty-eight scalps of women; hair
long, braided in the Indian fashion, to show that they
were mothers ; hoops blue ; skin yellow ground with little
red tadpoles, to represent, by way of triumph, the tears
of grief occasioned to their relations ; a black scalping
knife or hatchet at the bottom, to mark their being killed
with those instruments ; sixteen others, hair very gray ;
black hoops ; plain brown color ; no marks but the short
club or casse-tete, to show they were knocked down dead
or had their brains beat out.

'' '6. Containing 200 boys' scalps of various ages ;
small green hoops ; whitish ground on the skin, with red
tears in the middle and black bullet marks, knife, hatchet
or club, as their deaths happened.

" *7. Two hundred girls scalped, big and little; small


yellow hoops, white ground ; tears, hatchet, club, scalping
knife, as their death happened.

'* *8. This package is a mixture of all the varieties
above mentioned, to the number of 120, with a box of
birch bark, containing thirty little infants' scalps of vari-
ous sizes ; small white hoops with white ground.

'' 'With these packs the chiefs send to Your Excellency
the following speech, delivered by Coneiogatchie in coun-
cil : ''Father, we send you herewith many scalps that
you may see we are not idle friends. Father, we wish
you to send these scalps over the water to the great King,-
that he may regard them and be refreshed and that he
may see our faithfulness in destroying his enemies, and
be convinced that his presents have not been made to an
ungrateful people." ' "

One of the first utterances on the subject of Indians in
the Revolutionary War is to be found in the Declaration
of Independence, in which George III. is arraigned be-
cause "he has endeavored to bring on the inhabitants of
our frontiers the merciless Indian savages, whose known
rule of warfare is an undistinguished destruction of all
ages, sexes and conditions."

Four days after the adoption of the Declaration of
Independence, Congress adopted an address to the people
of Great Britain. The address to the people of Ireland,
in which it is asserted that "the wild and barbarous sav-
ages of the wilderness have been solicited by gifts to take
up the hatchet against us, and instigated to deluge our
settlements with the blood of defenseless women and
children," was agreed to July 28, 1775. The address to
the people of Ireland is dated May 10, 1775, the date of


the assembling of Congress, but the address was agreed
to July 28.

At the commencement of the Revolution, England,
knowing the value of the Indian in ''warfare," began buy-
ing the chiefs of the savages. As early as July, 1775,
John Stuart, a loyalist of Charleston, S. C, and at the
time in the pay of England, received a letter from Gen.
Gage, the English commander-in-chief, which contained
instructions ''to improve a correspondence with the In-
dians to the greatest advantage, and even when oppor-
tunity offers make them take arms against His Majesty's
enemies, and distress them all in your power; for no
terms are to be kept with them; * * * in short, no
time should be lost to distress a set of people so wantonly
rebellious." Stuart proceeded to carry out the desires
of his superior, and, in a letter of October 3, reported

From England instructions were forwarded on July 5,
1775, by Lord Dartmouth to Col. Johnson, to "keep the
Indians in such a state of affection and attachment to the
King as that His Majesty may rely upon their assistance
in any case in which it may be necessary." Previously
Congress had sent commissioners to the various Indian
tribes requesting them to make common cause with them
against England, or if not willing to take up arms to at
least remain neutral.

When the tidings of this event reached England, Dart-
n.iouth sent word again to Johnson as follows : "The in-
telligence His Majesty has received of the rebels having
excited the Indians to take a part, and of their having
actually engaged a body of them in arms to support their


rebellion, justifies the resolution His Majesty has taken of
requiring the assistance of his faithful adherents, the Six
Nations. It is, therefore, His Majesty's pleasure that you

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Online LibraryPatrick O'BrienBirth and adaption; → online text (page 2 of 13)