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shape of the atom, the fundamental axes of growth, the
angular relation of these, which determines the form.
. . . These are, collectively, a Tattva." A Study in
Consciousness.

The five TATTVAS manifested are known to the Maries' varas
as AKASHA, VAYU, TEJAS (or AGNI), APAS, and PRITHIV!
(q.v.}. These constitute the PLANES of the Theosophist, and
furnish the fivefold field for the evolution of man. The
Sankhya system has 25 TATTVAS, viz., AVYAKTA, BUDDHI,
AHANKARA, MANAS, PURUSHA, the five TANMATRAS, the five
MAHABHUTAS, as above, and the ten INDRYAS. See under
these heads.

Tattva-bhava The true or essential nature.
Tattva-gnyana See TATTVA-JNANA.
Tattva-gnyani See TATTVA-JNAN!

Tattva-jnana Understanding of the true; knowing the
essential.

Tattva-jnani One who has knowledge of the TATTVAS : the
knower of the essential in nature and in man.

Tattva-ta Truth ; reality.
Tattvavabodha Perception of truth.

1 Key to Theosophy.



144 Dictionary of Theosophical Terms

Tattva-vid Knowing realities.

Tatva Incorrectly written for TATTVA (g.v.).

Tau i. The Egyptian or astronomical cross, thus : T.

"The Tau is the Alpha and the Omega of Secret
Doctrine Wisdom, which is symbolised by the initial
and the final letters of Thot." S.D., ii. 614.
2. In Northern Buddhism, "the fourth Path out of the five
paths of rebirth which lead and toss all human beings into
perpetual states of sorrow and joy." l

Tebah (ffeb.) Nature.
Tejas (Sans., fire) See TAIJAS.

Tejas-tejas (Sans., fire of fires) The One whose essence is
light.

Tejo-rupa (Sans., whose body is fire) Brahma.



Terrene I rvi ' I ^ e Pl anetarv Chain (g.v.), of which
Terrestrial j ^ nam | the earth is the lowest globe.

Tetrad ) (Gk., four) The mystic square ; the "Quaternary"

Tetraktisj (?..); Man.

That The One Existence ; the Absolute.

"Then THAT vibrated motionless, one with Its own

glory; and beside THAT nothing else existed. "-

Rig Veda.

"All comes forth from THAT; ... in THAT, Sat,

Chit, and Ananda have their root in unity, the One

without a second ; in THAT, unknown and unknowable,

all is ... " Four Great Religions.

Theophania (Gk.) With the Neo-platonists, God in man; God
overshadowing man.

Theosophy (Gk., eos o-o^m, Divine Wisdom) i. "A name
given by the Alexandrian philosophers to the ancient
Wisdom-Religion, the Hidden Wisdom, in the third cen-
tury A.D." 2 2. That eternal revelation of the Divine Spirit
which forms the source of all the religions, arts, and sciences
of the world.

Theosophy "is the one TRUTH which underlies all
forms, all phenomena, all experience. Every system of
religion arises from the attempt to formulate this
underlying TRUTH, to give it definite expression in
human language." WM. KINGSLAND.

1 Mme. Hlavatsky.

a A Short Glossary, by Annie Besant and H. Burrows.



Dictionary of Theosophical Terms 145

"Theosophy means ... a will, not to know, but
to be : it is the knowledge that gnosis is realisation,"
G. R. S. MEAD.

" Theosophy must be the life and the consciousness
of the self, which, as such life, strings together and
synthesises all departments of human thought."
"THE DREAMER."

The word is the equivalent of the Sanscrit BRAHMA-VIDYA.
Third Eye See EYE, THE THIRD.

Third Life-wave I s T
Third Outpouring f

Third Retrace } See LEMURIANS '
Thirthakars See T!RTHANKARA.

This The Universe, in opposition to That, the Source.

"In the beginning THIS was the Self, one only."
Attar eya-upani shad.

Thot ) Hermes, God of Wisdom. In Egyptian cosmogony,
Thoth j the Divine Man ; manifested Deity. 1

The

Thumos (Gk.) "A Pythagorean and Platonic term applied to
an aspect of the human soul to denote its passionate KAMA-
RUPIC condition." 2

Tiamat With the ancient Chaldeans, the feminine power,
regarded as evil, representing the sea (MARE, Mary), the womb
of life.

" But with the Semites and the later Chaldeans, the
fathomless Deep of Wisdom became gross matter, sinful
substance, and Ea is changed into Tiamat, the Dragon
slain by Merodach, or Satan, in the astral waves."
S.D., ii. 56.

Tikkun (Chald.) The first of the Seven Rays of the mani-
fested Logos.

Tir-nan-Oge (Ir., the Country of the Young) The Celtic
Paradise.



1 See l^hrice-greatest Hermes, by G. R. S. Mead.

2 Key to Theosophy.



10



146 Dictionary of Theosophical Terms

Tirtha-kara ) (Sans., making a path) i. With the Jains,
Tirthan-kara J one of the 24 Buddhas, Arhats, or Guides

of the Fifth Race. 2. Vishnu. 3. With the Buddhists, an

ascetic.

Tiryaksrotas TAIRYAGYONYA (q.v.).
Tishya (Sans.) The KALI-YUGA.

Titiksha (Sans., patience) Forbearance the ego forbearing to
identify itself with feeling. See PROBATIONARY PATH.

" Titiksha is the fifth state of Raja Yoga one of
supreme indifference ... to what is called 'pleasures
and pains for all.'" MME. BLAVATSKY.

Toltec The Third Sub-race (q.v.) of the Fourth Root-race. This
people formed the supreme civilisation reached in Atlantis
(q.v.}.

Toom With the ancient Egyptians, Osiris in his aspect of
Creator; FOHAT.



Treta-yuga See YUGA.

Tri (Sans., G&.y Lat.) Three, as in the following compounds :

Triad ATMA-BUDDHI-MANAS (q.v.) is often referred to as the
"Upper Triad." The "Lower (RUPA) Triad" may be con-
sidered as this trinity reflected in " the three worlds," physical,
astral, and mentral.

Triangle of Light A descriptive term for the MONADIC con-
sciousness as objecti vised in flashes round the Upper Triad,
ATMA-BUDDHI-MANAS.

Triangles, The The AGNISHVATTAS (q.v.).

Tri-bhuvana ) (Sans.) TheTRiLOKf (q.v.). Metaphysically,
Tri-bhuvanam J the triplicity of the macrocosm and

microcosm in their different states.

Tri-gunas The three GUNAS (q.v.).
Tri-jagat The three worlds. See TRILOK!.

Tri-ka"yam } (&') The triple body (of the Buddha).

" Trikayam is generally rendered the ' three bodies '
or 'triple body' of the Buddha; but in Pali, 'kayo'
frequently means 'deeds,' 'action,' and also 'faculty.'
Trikayam, then, should be more correctly rendered as
the triple Work, Activity, or Energy of the Buddha."
Theosophical Review.



Dictionary of Theosophical Terms 147

Tri-loki (Sans.) With the Hindus, the three worlds, BHU,
BHUVAH, SVAR (physical, astral, and mental), or BHUMI,
PATALA, SVARGA (earth, the nether regions, and heaven).
With the Buddhist the term will denote KAMALOKA, and the
RUPA and ARUPA regions of the mental world.

Tri-murti (Sans., assuming three aspects) The Hindu Triad,
Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva.

" Vishnu represents the idea of evolution the process
by which the inner spirit unfolds and generates the
universe of sensible forms .... Siva represents the
idea of involution, by which thought and the sensible
universe are indrawn again into quiescence ; and Brahma
represents the state which is neither evolution nor involu-
tion, and yet is both existence itself, now first brought
into the region of thought through relation to Vishnu
and Siva." ED. CARPENTER.

See SAT-CHIT-ANANDA.

Tripti One of the eight SIDDHIS, attained when the ego has
freed itself from sensual desires.

Tri-ratna (Sans., the three gems) BUDDHA, DHARMA, and
SANGHA.

" The words ' Buddha, Dharma, and Sangha ' ought
to be pronounced . . . ' Bodhi, Dharma, and Sangha,'
and interpreted to mean, ' Wisdom, its laws and priests,'
the latter in the sense of ' spiritual exponents,' or adepts."
Theosophical Glossary.

Tri-sharana (Sans., the three rocks of refuge) The TRIRATNA
as the refuge of the Buddhist.

Trishna (Sans.) The fourth NIDANA (q.v.)', the thirst for mani-
fested existence.

"the Mother of Desire,

Trishna, that thirst which makes the living drink
Deeper and deeper of the false salt waves."-

The Light of Asia.

Tri-vidha-dvara (Sans., the three different gates) The body,
the mouth, and the mind : keeping these gates, we have
purity of body, purity of speech, and purity of thought.

Tri-yana (Sans., the three vehicles) The three degrees of
Buddhahood, the SHRAVAKA, the BODHI-SATTVA, and the
PRATYEKA- BUDDHA.

Turanians The Fourth Sub-race of the Fourth Race.



148 Dictionary of Theosophical Terms

Turiya (Sans., the fourth) Consciousness in the Fourth or
Buddhic state ; 1 ecstasy; bliss: high SAMADHI.

Turiya-avastha The fourth or TUR!YA state ; the state beyond

the AVASTHA-TRAYA.

Turiya-ka See TURIYA.

Turiya-tita The consciousness of the Supreme.
Turya Incorrectly written for TUR!YA (q.v.).
Tushitas (Sans.} Adityas ; a class of DEVAS.
Twilight, Body of See BODY OF TWILIGHT.
Twilight, Sons of The BARHISHADS (q.v.\

Tyaga (Sans., abandoning) Renunciation of the world ; the
giving up all material desires.

\ One who practises TYAGA.

Tzelem (Heb., a shadow) The ETHERIC BODY.
Tzurah (Heb.) ATMAN.



U

Udana (Sans., watery) In Hindu physiology : i. The centre and
life-current that controls the uppermost parts of the body.
It is the principal of the mysterious " life- winds " of the
ANUGITA, governing the PRANA and APANA, the SAMANA
and VYANA (qq.w.). 2. The organs of speech.

Ud-deshyam (Sans.) The aim ; object ; incentive.

Ud-ghata (Sans., a beginning) t. The awakening of the
KUNDALINL 2. In PRANAYAMA, breathing through the
nostrils.

Ulom The manifested Deity ; the visible universe.
Umbra (Lat., a shadow) The ETHERIC DOUBLE.
Un-mada (Sans., insanity) A form of Brahma.

Upa-charo (Pali) In Buddhism, "attention or conduct"; the
third stage of the " Probationary Path " ; SHATSAMPATTI.

1 Some authorities, however, maintain that, since in the Turtya state the
soul has become one with Brahma, the word is used to convey the idea of the
ATMIC or NiRvANic state.



Dictionary of Theosophical Terms 149

Upa-dana (Sans., taking away) i. Withdrawing perception
from the outer world ; hence : 2. With the Buddhists, con-
ception. 3. The material cause ; cause as manifested.

Upa-dhi (Sans., that which disguises) The outermost expres-
sion, or PERSONA, of the spirit, the life, or the consciousness ;
the vehicle through which these manifest, and by which they
are limited.

"UPADHI means something which conditions or puts
limitations on another thing, which, before, was uncon-
ditioned, and free from limitations of that kind. Thus
all SARiRAS and KOSHAS are UPADHIS, but all UPADHIS
are not SARIRAS or KOSHAS." Theosophy in India.

" Though there are seven principles in man, there are
but ^three distinct upadhis (bases), in each of which
his ATMA may work independently of the rest." S.D.,
i. 182.

Upa-miti (Sans. t resemblance) Analogy ; inference from
analogy.

Upa-naya The investiture of the Hindu with the cord symbol-
izing his spiritual birth.

Upa-nishads (Sans., esoteric doctrine) Mystical treatises on
the VEDAS forming part of SHRUTI or the Revelation of
Hinduism. The fundamental problems of the origin and
nature of Deity, of the universe, of mind, and of matter are
discussed. The UPANISHADS are said to be the source of all
the six systems of Hindu philosophy.

Upa-rati (Sans., ceasing, refraining from) Refraining from all
sensual pleasures. See PROBATIONARY PATH.

Upasana (Sans., service) Religious meditation ; worship.
Upashya (Sans., to be worshipped) The ideal.

Upeksha (Sans., overlooking) In yoga, indifference to, or
mastery of, the mental and physical feelings and sensations.

UraeilS "The soul of the earth." A Gnostic term for the
MONAD at the lowest stage of its descent.

Urvan ) (Zend") The equivalent of BUDDHI, or of the
Urvanem J Higher Mind.

U&anas See USHANAS.

Usha (Sans., shining) In the VEDAS, twilight ; the Dawn ; the
of the Greeks ; the Aurora of the Latins.



Ushanas (Sans.) Venus.
Ushas See USHA.



150 Dictionary of Theosophical Terms

Uttara-mimamsa ) (Sans., the deepest reflection) One of
Uttara-mimansa j the six principal systems of Hinduism,
more usually called the VEDANTA (q.v.).



Vach (Sans., speech) The Divine Word; the Christos in its
female aspect.

" Vach is of four kinds. These are Para, Pashyanti,
Madhyama, Vaikhari." S.>., I 465.

Each of these represents a different stage in the "outward-
ness/ 5 or manifestation, of the Voice or Sound.

Vada (Sans.) Argumentative knowledge ; doctrine.
Vag-isha (Sans.) i. SARASVAT! (q.v.). 2. Brahma.
Vag-ishvara i and 2. See VAcisHA. 3. A spiritual teacher.

I (Sans., carrying) A vehicle ; the vehicle of a higher



Vaidhatra A son or emanation of Brahma known as SANAT-

KUMARA.

Vaidyuta (Sans ) Electrical.

Vaikhari (Sans., the final utterance as speech) The physical
tabernacle of VACH, the Christos.

"Vaikhari Vach is what we utter." S.D., i. 465.

Vaikuntha (Sans.) Vishnu.

Vaikuntha-loka The heaven of Vishnu; the PARANIRVANIC
PLANE.

Vairag ) (Sans.) Indifference to worldly results ; freedom
Vairagya > from all ASTRAL disturbance ; renunciation of
Vairagyam ) the transitory.

" Vairagya is that mood of the mind which enables a
man to perform all the duties of life irrespective of the
pleasures or pains they cause to himself." Theosophical
Review.
It is the second stage of the PROBATIONARY PATH (q.v.).

Vairagi I (Sans.) One on the Path who has subdued all
Vairagin J worldly desires.

Vairaja-loka See VIRAJA-LOKA.



Dictionary of Theosophical Terms 151

Vai-rajas See VIRAJAS.

Vairochana (Sans., appertaining to the sun) The highest
hierarchy of the DHYANI-BUDDHAS, dwelling in the ARTPA
worlds.

Vaisheshika (Sans., essentially distinct) One of the six re-
cognised systems of Hindu philosophy. It is closely allied
to the NvANA (q.v.) indeed, is sometimes spoken of as
forming one of the schools of that system. Deity is recognised,
but nature is, at the same time, taken to be a changing
combination of nine substances which are permanently and
essentially distinct.

Vaishnava (Sans., a worshipper of Vishnu) One of the three
Vedantin schools. The Vaishnavas hold that the First
Cause (PARABR AMMAN) is one with the Creator ; that nature
(PRAKRITI) is the objective expression (SHARJRA) of the
Creative Life (JivA), which, again, is the expression of the
Supreme Spirit ; and that the way of salvation for man is by
BHAKTI, or devotion to, and faith in, this Supreme Spirit ;
neither works nor ritual aught avail him.

Vaishva-nara See VISHVA-NARA.

Vaishya (Sans., a man who occupies the soil) i. The third
caste of the Hindus; the agricultural and merchant class.
2. One belonging to this caste.

Vaiva-nara See VISHVA-NARA.

Vaiya See VAISHYA.

Vajra-dhara (Sans., having a thunderbolt) Indra ; Buddha.

Vajra-sattva (Sans., a heart of adamant) A Buddha.

Vak See VACH.

Valhalla In Scandinavian mythology, the hall of the heroes
slain in battle.

Vama-charis See SHAKTA.

Vama-deva (Sans., the God that reverses) Shiva as the
Destroyer.

Vama-marga (Sans., the left-hand path) The dark side of
evolution.

Vamana (Sans.) An AVAT!RA in the form of a dwarf. Specific-
ally, Vishnu's fifth descent.

Vana-devatas Sprites or dryads of the woods.



152 Dictionary of Theosophical Terms

Vana-prastha (Sans., the dweller in the woods) The third
stage in the life of a Brahman, during which he devotes
himself to meditation and the performance of religious
duties.

Vara (Sans., surrounding) i. The superior. 2. An ark or
enclosure as a place of refuge. 3. A symbol for man.

" For the Vara, or ark, or, again, the Vehicle, simply
means Man." S.D., ii. 304.

Varaha (Sans., a boar) An AVATARA in the form of a boar ;
specifically, the third incarnation of Vishnu (q.v.).

Varaha-kalpa The present KALPA.

Varna (Sans., a covering) i. Colour. 2. A sound or syllable.

3. Caste. The four castes of the Hindus as ordained by
Manu are the BRAHMAN, the KSHATTRIYA, the VAISHYA, and
the SHUDRA (q.v.).

Varsha (Sans., rain) A particular country or land.

Vartamana (Sans.) i. Revolving. 2. Moving. 3. Existing.

4. Being present.

Varuna (Sans., the All-embracer) Originally one of the three
highest deities of the Hindus, " the Maker of Heaven and
Earth," Varuna later became the God of the Waters. He
(or It) may be considered as the Ruler of the water
elementals, or, abstractly, as the principle pervading the
APAS-TATTVA ; hence, also, the objective side of the KAMIC
world.

Vasana (Sans., abiding in) i. A posture for meditation. 2.
The latent mental impression from past good or evil actions.
3. Desire ; attachment to.

Vashitet (Sans., fascination) The power of hypnotising ; one of
the eight viBHt>TAS.

Vastl Vishnu (as abiding in all beings) See VAsu-DEVA.

Vasu-deva With the Hindus: i. The Supreme as the soul
of the universe. 2. Krishna as the AVATARA of Vishnu.

Vata (Sans., the wind) VAYU (g.v.).

Vayu (Sans.) i. The air and wind and their personified
principle, Pavana. Vayu is one of the Vedic Trinity.
2. That TATTVA which forms the manifestation of the Third
Logos on the BUDDHIC PLANE. 3. The Fire Deity that
manifests as air. See AGNI. 4. One of the five "airs" or



Dictionary of Theosophical Terms 153

life-principles of the body, viz. PRANA, APANA, SAMANA,
UDANA, and VYANA (qq.vv.).

11 There are two kinds of Vayu : (i) Panchikrita-vayu,
1 molecular air,' or compound gas, like the air of the
atmosphere; and (2) Vayu-tanmatra, 'atomic air,'
elementary gas, the substrate of the sensation of touch."
Theos. Review.
Vayu-tanmatra See VAYU.

Veda (Sans., knowledge) i. The Hindu Scripture. It com-
prises the RIG-VEDA (the most ancient), the YAJUR-VEDA,
the SAMA-VEDA, and the more modern ARTHARVA-VEDA.
Each VEDA has two portions, a SAMHITA, the MANTRAS, and
a BRAHMANA or ceremonial exposition, both being SHRUTI
or Divine Revelation. See VEDANTA. 2. Truth.

" By the Vedas no books are meant. They mean
the accumulated treasury of spiritual laws discovered by
different persons in different times."

Vedana One of the Buddhist SKANDHAS (g.v.).

Vedanta (Sans., the end of the VEDA, or knowledge) One of
the sjx great systems of Hinduism, comprising three schools,
the ADVAITA, the DVAITA, and the VISHISHTHADVAITA (q.v.}.
Following the SANKHYA to a very great extent, it seeks a
further cause of the manifested universe beyond the dual
PURUSHA-PRAKRITI. This it finds in Deity (BRAHMAN),
which, according to the ADVAITA, is one with the very Self
in man, but, according to the DVAITA, a distinct Reality.
The system is said to have been founded by Vyasa, and has
as its greatest exponent Shankaracharya.

Vedas, The i. See VEDA. 2. The Upanishads.
Vedism Orthodox Brahmanism.

Vega (Sans., agitation, hurry) i. Impetus ; velocity. 2. A
sudden change of mind or feeling.

Verbum (Lat.) The Word (q.v.) ; the LOGOS.
Vetala (Sans.) An ELEMENTAL, SPOOK, or vampire.

Vibha-vasu (Sans., giving forth light) i. The sun. 2. The
moon. 3. The fire that brings about the dissolution of a
world or universe.

Vi-bhu (Sans.) To pervade; to be manifested.

Vi-bhiiti (Sans., great power) An extraordinary and occult
power over nature. Eight of these powers (SIDDHIS) are
mentioned in Hindu books, A viz. ANIMAN, PRAPTI, PRA-
KAMYA, LAGHIMA, MAHIMA, ISHITA, VASHITA, and KAMA-
VASAYITA (qq.vv.\



154 Dictionary of Theosophical Terms

Vi-chara I (Sans., reflection) Discrimination ; contempla-
Vi-charana / tion.

" Ever-present reflection on the why and wherefore of
things." BHAGAVAN DAS.

Vi-deha-mUkta (Sans., a MUKTA without body) A DHARMA-
KAYA (g.v.).

Vi-deha-mukti A NIRVANIC state where there is no further
need for incarnation.

Vidya (Sans., knowledge) Methods of attaining the Wisdom.

According to the Secret Doctrine there are four of these, viz.

YAJNA-VIDYA (g.v.\ MAHA-VIDYA (q.v.\ GUHYA-VIDYA (q.v.),

and ATM A- VIDYA ; but

" it is only the last which can throw final and absolute
light upon the teachings of the three first-named."
S.JD., i. 192.

Vidya-devi (Sans., the goddess of learning) One of the sixteen
goddesses of the Jains.

Vidya-dhara With the Buddhists, PITRIS or GENII, correspond-
ing somewhat to the GANDHARVAS of the Hindus.

" Inferior deities inhabiting the astral sphere between
the earth and ether ; they are cunning and mischievous,
and intelligent Elementals." Theosophical Glossary.

Vidyamana (Sans.) Being in existence.

Vi-gnana and its compounds See VIJNANA and its com-
pounds.

Vijam BtjAM (g.v.).

Vi-jnana I (Sans., discerning) i. With the Vedantins, the
Vi-jiianam f understanding ; the mind. Cosmically, the
mental plane. 1 2. Discriminative or intellectual knowledge
as distinct from Divine Wisdom.

" Vijnanam, which realises the separateness of all
outer objects, becomes jnanam, the wisdom that knows
the One." ANNIE BESANT.

Vi-jnana-kaya An adept with sheath answering to the intel-
lectual worlds.

Vi-jnana-maya (Sans., made of understanding) The intel-
lectual mind objectivised. 2

1 There are, howerer, some who would prefer to translate this word ' ' astral
or psychic world."
8 See ante.



Dictionary of Theosophical Terms 155

Vi-jnana-maya-kosha The Vedantin term for the sheath of
the intellectual mind ; l the sheath of discernment :

"that sheath which is caused by the understanding
being associated with the organs of perception." Prof.
MONIER WILLIAMS.

Vi-kalpa (Sans., uncertainty) i. Attaching a wrong sense (to
words) ; verbal error.

" Vikalpa follows from words having no (correspond-
ing) reality." PATANJALI.

2. The power of distinguishing ; the power of distinguishing
sense-impressions.



Vi-kshepa (Sans., throwing apart) Agitation ; confusion ; dis-
traction ; repulsion.

Vi-kshipta (Sans., thrown apart) Agitated ; confused.

Vi-moksha See MOKSHA.

Vinnana (Sans.) One of the five Buddhist SKANDHAS (q.v.).

Vi-radj ) (Sans., shining) Brahma in his male aspect ; the male
Vi-raj > creative principle emanating from Brahma; the
Vi-raja ) type of the male being.

" From Him (PURUSHA) sprang Viraj, and from Viraj
sprang Purusha." Rig- Veda.

The MANASA further in descent from this Emanation are
called by the same name. See VIRAJAS.

Viraja-loka (Sans., the resplendent hall) The region of the
AGNISHVATTAS or " Pitris of the Devas."

Vi-rajas MANASAPUTRA probably the AGNISHVATTAS.
Virat i. VIRAJ (q.v.). 2. See VISHVANARA (4).
Vi-rinchi Brahma, Vishnu, or Shiva.

Virya (Sans., virility) In Buddhism, one of the six PARAMITAS
(q.v.) or " perfections " ; energy.

Vi-sarga (Sans., sending forth) Giving out ; hence, a sacrifice. 2
Vi-esha See VI-SHESHA.

1 See ante.

2 Mme. Blavatsky sometimes refers to Vishnu as the Third Person of the
TRIMURTI (see S.D., ii. 327, etc.) ; but, as "the Giver of Life," as the source
of the AVATARAS, His manifestations would appear to accord rather with those
we are accustomed to associate with the Second Person.



156 Dictionary of Theosophical Terms

Vi-shaya (Sans.) i. An object of sense. Each of the five
senses has its proper VISHAYA, which again correspond to the
five elements, ether, air, fire, water, and earth. 2. The
objective universe ; all that stands in opposition to the ego.

Vi-shesha Speciality; peculiarity. In the Nyaya philosophy,
the essential difference in each of the nine DRAVYAS.

Vishishth-advaita See VAISHNAVA.

Vishnu (Sans., all-pervading) May be considered as the Second
Person of the Hindti Trinity. 1 See TRIMURTI.

" The life which is in everything, the life which per-
meates, which sustains, the foundation of the universe
... is Vishnu, the All-Pervader, the sustaining life of
God." ANNIE BESANT.

In the VEDAS, Vishnu is often identified with the sun, and,
as the Father of the Adityas, becomes identical with Brahma.
He has, according to the Brahmans, ten incarnations, viz. :
MATSYA, the fish ; KURMA, the tortoise ; VARAHA, the boar
NARASINHA, the man-lion; VAMANA, the dwarf; PARASHU-
RAMA, Rama with the axe ; RAMA-CHANDRA, the hero of the
RAMAYANA ; BUDDHA, KRISHNA, and KALK?, who has yet to
appear. See BRAHMA.

Vishuddha (Sans., pure) With the YOGIS, the fifth LOTUS,
CHAKRA, or ganglionic centre.

Vishuddhi-chakra See VISHUDDHA.

Vishva (Sans., the universal) With the Vedantins : i. The
life-centre for the physical body. 2. An aspect of jivA, the
life- principle. 3. The waking state on the physical plane.

Vishva-goptri (Sans., Preserver of the Universe) i. Vishnu.
2. Indra.

Vishva-karma ) (Sans., the All-Creator) i. In the VEDAS, a
Vishva-karman j personification of the Creative Power as
revealed in nature ; Prajapati. 2. The sun, or the third of
his seven mystic rays. See RAYS, THE SEVEN.

Vishva-nara (Sans., belonging to all, common to all men)
i. In the VEDAS, the God of Fire; Agni. 2. The fire that
constitutes the Divine Life in the cosmic and microcosmic
systems.

"Vaishvanara is ... the living magnetic fire that
pervades the manifested Solar System. It is the most
objective (though to us the reverse) and ever-present


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