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Fred, a student in the Dubuque High School. He
was married a second time, on the 14th of Septem-
ber, 1868, to Miss Lucy F. Conkey, of Dubuque.

The parents of Dr. Watson came from Wisconsin
to Iowa in 1866, and his mother died in December,
1872, aged seventy years. His father is still living,
in his eightieth year — a hale old gentleman, with
mental faculties impaired only in the slightest degree.



HON. WILLIAM H. GALLUP,

NEVADA.



THE present member of the general assembly
from the forty-fifth senatorial district, William
Harrison Gallup, has been an Iowa journalist fifteen
or sixteen years, and is well known throughout the
state. He is a native of Schoharie county. New York;
is the son of Nathan and Permelia Baird Gallup, and
was born in the town of Summit, on the 17th of May,
1840. The Gallups were originally from Scotland,
and settled in Connecticut, where the father of Will-
iam H. was born. His grandfather was a revolu-
tionary pensioner, dying at an advanced age — up-
ward of ninety — in Schoharie county. New York.

Nathan Gallup was a farmer, and to that occupa-
tion his son was raised, giving, however, in youth,
much more attention to books than to bucolics. He
attended the Charlotteville Seminary in his native
town, three or four years; at nineteen entered the
New York State and National Law School at Pough-
keepsie, and was admitted to the bar at Newburgh,
in i860. He came to Iowa the next spring, and after
practicing a short time at Marshalltown bought the
"Times," of that place, and conducted it, except for
a few months, about three years ; at the close of 1864
removed to Boonesboro, fifty miles farther west;
there published the " Standard " one year, and then
moved it to the new town of Boone, continuing to



conduct it until 1869, making it a very influential
journal.

In 1870 Mr. Gallup located at Nevada, the seat of
justice of Story county, and has since been the edi-
tor and proprietor of the " Nevada Representative,"
a strong paper devoted to the interests of the county,
and politically, of the republican party.

At short periods, between the publication of dif-
ferent newspapers, Mr. Gallup has done a little at
the law business, and now is of the firm of Dyer and
Gallup, but he does nothing in the legal line while
in the editorial chair. He evidently believes in do-
ing one thing at a time, and doing it well.

In the autumn of 1875 Mr. Gallup was elected by
his republican friends to the state senate, and in the
session of 1876 was chairman of the committee on
agricultural college, which is located in Story county,
and was a member of four other committees. He
was the author of the bill allowing townships and
cities to vote a five per cent tax in aid of railroads,
and is a valuable member of the legislature. His sena-
torial term will expire on the 31st of December, 1879.

Mr. Gallup is a member of no church organization,
and is liberal in his religious views.

On the 26th of August, 1862, he was joined in wed-
lock with Miss Albina Dyer, of his native town, and



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657



she has been the mother of five children, only two of
them now living.

Mr. Gallup is a man of prepossessing manners and
physique ; is very approachable and cordial ; is five



feet nine and a half inches tall, weighs two hundred
pounds ; has an abundant, cheerful and cheering flow
of animal spirits, and the magnetic power of a cul-
tured mind and good conversational gifts.



JOSIAH P. WALTON,

MUSCATINE.



TOSIAH PROCTOR WALTON, scientist, was
J born at New Ipswich, Hillsboro county. New
Hampshire, on the 26th of February, 1826, and is
the eldest son of Amos Walton, who built, owned
and operated a saw-mill in a suburb of that town,
known as "Tophet Swamp," so called from its sup-
posed resemblance to the valley of the same name
in Holy Writ.

The tradition respecting the genealogy of the Wal-
ton family is that two brothers of that name emi-
grated from England about the year 1660, one of
whom settled near Boston, Massachusetts, and the
other in New York. Our subject claims descent
from the former. The records on file in the family
show that Josiah Walton, great-grandfather of our
subject, was born in Rindge, Massachusetts, in 1734;
that he was first a colonial soldier and was wounded
in a battle with the French and Indians near Lake
'George, in the old French and Indian war of 1755 ;
that he was subsequently in the revolutionary army
and fought at the battle of Bunker Hill, in 1775, and
was severely wounded. He died at New Ipswich,
New Hampshire, in June, 1828, in the ninety-fifth
year of his age.

Amos Walton, son of Josiah Walton and father of
our subject, was born in Temple, New Hampshire,
in 1800, received an academic education at the New
Ipswich Academy, being a classmate of Franklin
Pierce. He married Miss Eunice Oaks and had two
sons, J. P. and John W. Walton, both still living.
Having spent his early life on a rock-bespattered
farm in New Hampshire, he concluded to "go west"
to secure land for his. boys. He accordingly started
from Lowell, Massachusetts, in October, 1837, in-
tending to settle in Missouri, and to this end visited
the iron mountains and other points in that state,
as well as the city of Saint Louis; but happening
to be in the latter city at the time of the murder of
Lovejoy, at Alton, Illinois, and being averse to slav-
ery and fearing trouble from that quarter, he decided
to settle farther north, so as to be entirely free from
68



its influence. His next objective point was Quincy,
Illinois, but on the way thither he met with a gentle-
man who spoke very enthusiastically of the country
in the neighborhood of Muscatine, Iowa, or, as it was
then called, Bloomington, and offered him tempting
inducements to settle in Muscatine county, then in
the Territory of Wisconsin, where he accordingly
located. The postoffice address at that time was
" Iowa Postoffice, Black Hawk Purchase, Wisconsin
Territory." His family, which consisted of his wife
and two sons, followed in the next June (1838). The
country being then new, and full of malaria, most of
the emigrants were afflicted with ague, the Walton
family suffering much from the disease. The health
of the family being thus seriously impaired and their
money all spent, their situation became critical. At
this juncture the "land sales," as the phrase was,
came on, and their first claim of a half-section was
entered by a speculator. After this Mr. Walton
rented a small improved farm in the neighborhood
of Bloomington, now Muscatine, and raised garden
produce, which he hauled to the village in a wagon
and sold from house to house to the citizens. It is
probable that our subject, then a boy of twelve years,
drove the first market wagon that was ever employed
in Iowa. This occupation he followed for two years,
but his father dying quite unexpectedly in 1841, and
his mother marrying again in 1842, the family was
scattered and Josiah P. thrown entirely on his own
resources. He worked during the summer of 1842
with a farmer named Burdett for his board and a
suit of very common clothes, and during the winter
following he worked for a man named William Fish
for about the same terms. In the spring of 1843, a
separation having taken place between his mother
and step-father, the little family was again united,
and the mother rented a farm on Muscatine Island,
which the boys operated on " halves," as the condi-
tions were then expressed. Here the young Waltons
and their mother passed the most trying period of
their lives. They had no money to hire help or to



658



THE UNITED STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONART.



buy provisions, and nothing but their "Yankee tact "
and the mercy of a kind Providence carried them
through. In the spring they caught a large supply
of "buffalo" fish, salted and dried them. Cornraeal
and dried fish, with the vegetables they could raise,
served them as food. They raised some forty acres
of corn and a small crop of oats and wheat, and in
the fall sold their proportion of the corn at ten cents
per bushel. They bought a pair of horses and some
other necessary articles. In the following spring they
hired the farm for another year, giving one third of
the increase for rent. The season was good, the
crop large and the proceeds considerable. The boys
had grown stronger, and, with the little stock they
had accumulated, in the autumn of 1844 they moved
onto a new farm, now consisting of six hundred acres,
on the northern border of Louisa county, which they
entered, or bought of government, and on which the
mother and younger brother, John W. Walton, still
reside.

From the foregoing brief outline of the family his-
tory it will be seen that Josiah Proctor Walton had
but few of the early advantages of the youth of the
present day, and that he is in the strictest sense of
the term a self-made man. He enjoyed the privilege
of a public school in Lowell, Massachusetts, previous
to the age of twelve years, when he moved to Iowa,
where the schoolmaster had not yet arrived and
where the contest for food and raiment was quite as
much as he could maintain, without a thought of
school. At the age of twenty-two, in the year 1848,
he went to learn the carpenter's trade in Muscatine,
at a compensation of thirteen dollars per month, one
half to be paid in goods from the store and the other
half in a town lot, valued at fifty dollars, — the lot on
which he now resides and on which stands one of
the most beautiful and tasty villas in the city of
Muscatine, ornamented with evergreen shade trees,
aquaria, tropical plants and many curiosities of art
and nature symbolical of the appropriate name which
it bears — "Evergreen Nook."

Although, as the reader will infer, comparatively
unlettered, young Walton was a natural genius ; had
a taste for mechanics and for the natural sciences
quite extraordinary in a boy of his previous experi-
ences and habits. During the year which he served
at the carpenter trade he picked up sufficient knowl-
edge of the art of house building to start him in the
profession of architecture, in which he has since dis-
played very considerable taste and ingenuity. Ac-
cordingly, in the fall of 1849 he commenced business



for himself as architect and builder, which he has
since continued with very considerable success. The
high school buildings of Muscatine and Wilton, the
Episcopal Church, the large mansion of Mr. Benja-
min Hershe (the finest in the state), the beautiful
suburban Gothic residence of Dr. Weed, besides
many others in Muscatine, were built by him from
plans of his own devising.

He has taken meteorological observations for the
Smithsonian Institute and the war department for
the past fifteen years, and has now in his possession
the oldest' continuous records of this kind in the
State of Iowa, commencing in the year 1839.

He was one of the trustees of the Library Associ-
ation of Muscatine for several years, and one of the
organizers of the Scientific Club, and is the principal
manager of the lectures and entertainments of that
organization. He also belonged to the Odd-Fellows
society, and is an active Mason, having filled nearly
all the offices in lodges, encampment and command-
ery.

In 1864 he was appointed by Governor Kirkwood
to receive the vote of the 37th Iowa Infantry for
President and state officers, which was then stationed
at Alton, Illinois.

In politics, Mr. Walton was formerly an old-line
whig, but for the past twenty years he has been
known as a radical republican.

He was raised in the communion of the Congre-
gational church, but the antipathy of that sect to
secret societies caused him to abandon it and to
unite with the Episcopal church, to which he now
adheres. He has officiated as vestryman, warden
and Sunday-school superintendent for many years.
He is a consistent, earnest and zealous churchman,
and while he acted as superintendent his school was
greatly increased in numbers and was among the
most prosperous in the city.

He was married on the 2d of June, 1857, to Miss
Mary Elizabeth Barrows, of Sauquoit, Oneida coun-
ty. New York, a graduate of the Liberal Institute,
Clinton, New York, a lady of culture, refinement and
high literary attainments. Their family consists of
three daughters, Alice Barrows, Lilly Proctor and
May Oakes, all of them possessing liberal mental
endowments. The two eldest are graduates of the
city high school, and have given considerable atten-
tion to the study of entomology, botany and natural
history. They have accumulated perhaps the finest
collections of entomological specimens in the west,
equal to any exhibited at the "Centennial," and are



THE UNITED STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY.



659



great enthusiasts in this department of science. The
cabinet also embraces a very fine and valuable geo-
logical department, as well as one of the finest col-
lections of specimens of natural history to be found
in the west. They have, likewise, a very fine floral
collection. The youngest daughter is still a member
of the high school, but is not behind her elder sisters
in the pursuit of natural science.

In personal appearance, Mr. Walton recalls the
memory of the pioneer. Plain in dress, straightfor-
ward in speech, blunt and honest in manner, yet
warm-hearted and sympathetic in nature. He is a
fair specimen of the better class of men who first
settled Iowa and made it what it now is, tlie most
progressive state of the northwest. Reared, as he
was, on the border, with scarcely any school facili-
ties, he has, mainly by reading and personal observa-
tion since he attained to manhood, acquired such
knowledge of men and things as has given him a
prominent place in society. He takes a deep inter-
est in everything tending to improve the morals and
enlighten the minds of the community. He is fond
of lectures, essays and disquisitions on scientific sub-
jects, but he is not so much of an enthusiast as to be
carried away by any mere theory. He wants to see
everything demonstrated before accepting it as true.
Such men are of incalculable benefit to the race.



He also takes a lively interest in politics, schools
and nearly all other matters of public concern,
though he has never been an office seeker, being too
plain-spoken for that.

While he does not needlessly offend, he too dearly
prizes his own independence to forego the privilege
of expressing his opinions freely.

He is abstemious and economical in his personal
habits, though in no sense parsimonious. His house
is a model of taste and elegance, and he has spared
neither time nor expense in the education of his
daughters, whose literary and scientific attainments
are of a very high order.

We should not omit to mention that Mr. Walton
possesses one of the finest libraries in the state, which
he has been accumulating for over twenty-five years.
Besides a full collection of standard literature it in-
cludes over twenty-five years of the " New York
Weekly Tribune,'' substantially bound, twenty years
of "Frank Leslie's Illustrated Weekly," ten years
of the " Scientific American," besides several other
monthly periodicals, copies of the early law books
of Iowa and many literary curiosities not usually
found in private collections.

Mr. Walton was one of the twelve men who signed
the call for the first republican convention of the
State of Iowa.



JOHN L. DANA,

NEVADA.



ONE of the first lawyers to settle in Story county,
Iowa, was John Lockwood Dana, a member of
the Vermont branch of the family. He is a native
of Huron county, Ohio, and was born in New Haven
township, on the 25th of March, 1827. His father,
Joseph Dana, a soldier in the war of 1812-15, and
in the battles of Bridgewater and Lundy's Lane, was
a teacher in his younger years, and later in life an
agriculturist. His mother was Alcy Lockwood. When
John L. was five years old, the family, consisting of
nine children, moved to Lower Sandusky, now Fre-
mont. Both parents died in the spring of 1850, the
mother aged seventy, the father eighty-two years.

The subject of this sketch had a strong avidity for
knowledge, and spent nearly three years at Oberlin,
paying his board, tuition, and for his text-books, with
money earned by cutting wood, at thirty-seven and
a half cents a cord. Owing to the demise of his



parents, he left the college in the middle of the soph-
omore year, and afterward read law for one year at
Oberlin, and attended the Cincinnati Law College.
In 1852 Mr. Dana and his brother took a company
of gold seekers to California, by the overland route.
They went with about one hundred yoke of oxen
and twenty wagons, there being eighty-eight men,
who paid one hundred and fifty dollars each. Five
died on the way. They went by boat to Kaneville,
now Council Bluffs ; thence with teams, and eighty-
five, including the two Danas, reached Sacramento
in safety. Mr. Dana returned the same year by the
Isthmus. The following year he went to California
a second time, riding one horse from Council Bluffs
to Salt Lake entirely alone, being twenty-eight days
on the way, and often obliged to hide from the Indi-
ans at night. He sometimes rode through herds of
bison, with five or ten thousand -n a herd ! When he



66o



THE UNITED STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY.



went through the first time there were no white in-
habitants between Council Bluffs and Hangtown, now
Placerville, California.

Mr. Dana was admitted to the bar at Sigourney,
Keokuk county, Iowa, in October 1854, and law has
since been his occupation ; in connection with it also
attending to war claims. At the end of one year he
removed to Nevada, then recently made the seat of
justice of Story county, and containing at that time
perhaps twenty families. He has also operated in
the land business, buying and selling for other par-
ties, and being prospered in every branch.

As a lawyer, Mr. Dana has been a marked success.
He is well read, and one of the best counselors in
this part of the state. He is true to his client, up-
right and reliable ; an honor to the legal profession.

Mr. Dana was a member of the general assembly
in the session of 1858, and in 1862 was elected to
the senate by a large majority, but owing to the fact
that the governor had failed to issue a proclamation
declaring a vacancy, he did not get his seat. While
in the legislature, and for two or three years after-
ward, no man in Story county worked as hard as he
to secure the Agricultural College. The success of
the enterprise is probably due to his untiring efforts.



In November, 1864, Mr. Dana was elected captain
of a military company, organized at Nevada under
the state laws, but it was never called into service.
He has been mayor of the city one term ; a member
of the school board several terms, and its president
most of the time while in the office ; and in other po-
sitions has made himself eminently serviceable to
the community. At one time he acted as an attor-
ney for the Chicago and Northwestern Railway Com-
pany, in relation to lands granted by Story and other
counties in this vicinity to that company.

Mr. Dana assisted in organizing the republican
party, soon after settling in Iowa, and has affiliated
with it since that time, being active in all political
matters.

On the 1 6th of February, 1854, he was united in
marriage with Miss Harriet A. Davis, daughter of the
Rev. John Davis, of Risdon, now Fostoria, Ohio, and
forty years or more a preacher of the United Breth-
ren persuasion. They have three children : Frank,
aged nineteen, who graduated at seventeen from the
Iowa Law School, and is practicing with his father ;
Florence, aged sixteen, a graduate of the Nevada
graded school, and Mabel, aged thirteen, now being
educated in the same school.



WILLIAM F. KING, D. D.

MOUNT VERNON.



WILLIAM F. KING, president of Cornell
College, was born near Zanesville, Ohio, on
the 20th of December, 1830. His father; James J.
King, was a farmer in good circumstances, and his
mother, Mariam Coffman King, was a woman of re-
markable force of character. Both parents are still
living in Zanesville, having rounded up their four-
score years. William was the eldest of three sons,
all of whom are graduates from the Ohio Wesleyan
University, Delaware. His brother Isaac is pastor
of a prominent church in Columbus, Ohio, and his
brother John is a successful lawyer in Zanesville.
As far as we can ascertain, the parental traits, indus-
try, integrity, intelligence and high religious charac-
ter, stamp themselves on all the children. Parents
and children are all members of the Methodist Epis-
copal church. Both parents sprung from old families
of Virginia. The mother of our subject was brought
by her parents to Ohio about the year 1800, and has
lived most of the time on the old family homestead.



His father was born near Mount Vernon, on the Po-
tomac, the day that George Washington was buried,
and on reaching manhood moved to Ohio, and was
united in marriage with Miss Coffman in 1830.

The subject of this brief memoir early manifested
a taste for reading and study, and a loving obedi-
ence to his parents. Having spent several terms in
the high school in Zanesville, he, in the spring of
185 1, entered the Wesleyan University, then under
the presidency of that accomplished educator, Bishop
Edward Thomson, LL.D., and at the close of his
freshman year he took charge for one year of the
Unionville Academy, in Tennessee, whither he went
for personal observation of the institution of slavery,
and to obtain the means for carrying him through
college. The next autumn he returned to the uni-
versity, and graduated with honor, in the classical
course, in 1857.

In college, as everywhere else, Mr. King spent his
time to the best advantage, and having a well-bal-



THE UNITED STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONART.



66 1



anced mind, he did equal justice to the different de-
partments of the course of study.

Immediately after receiving his diploma he was
invited to become a member of the faculty of his
Alma Mater, where he held the position of tutor in
mathematics for five years. On resigning his place
in the faculty, his associates unanimously passed a
series of resolutions in which they speak of his great
fidelity and diligence, and his distinguished success
as a teacher ; his ubanity and christian courtesy ;
the dignity and generous sociality which character-
ized his intercourse with the faculty and students,
and the sincere regret of the faculty in being called
upon to sever the connection with Mr. King. The
resolutions end with expressing " a sincere desire
that he may find elsewhere a field of usefulness
worthy of his talents, and suited to the magnitude of
his aspirations."

When, in 1862, he resigned his chair in the uni-
versity, he was intending to go abroad to travel and
study for two or three years, but the civil war broke
up his plans. In the autumn of the year just men-
tioned he joined the Ohio annual conference, and
was soon afterward transferred to the upper Iowa
conference, and appointed professor of ancient lan-
guages in Cornell College.

In June, 1863, at the close of his first year, oc-
curred the death of President Samuel M. Fellows,
A.M., at which time the board of trustees put Pro-
fessor King in charge of the college, and from that
date he has been responsible for its administration.
He has been at its head for fifteen years, making him,
if we mistake not, the oldest college president in the
Methodist church, a high compliment alike to Presi-
dent King and the college.

In 1870 he received the honorary degree of D.D.
from the Illinois Wesleyan University at Blooming-
ton.

In 1873 President King sent in his resignation to
the board of trustees on account of ill health, but
the board, unwilling to lose his services, urgently,
requested him to accept leave of absence for one
year, and a continuance of his salary while abroad.
The latter generous offer he declined, but made his
trip. He sailed on the 28th of June, 1873; traveled
extensively in Ireland, Scotland, England, Belgium,
Germany, France, Switzerland, Austria, Italy and
Greece ; studied somewhat carefully the leading gal-
leries, museums and universities ; wrote letters for
■some of the leading journals in this country — letters
which attracted considerable attention; and with his



health restored he returned and resumed his college
work in the fall of 1874.

For the last two years much of his time has been
spent in superintending the erection of the large