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For some years he was superintendent of the Sunday
school. He is a man of benevolent disposition, very
generous to the poor, dispensing his charities in the
most secret manner.

On the 31st of October, 1855, Miss Henrietta W.
Safely, daughter of Thomas Safely, of Waterford,
New York, was married to Senator Dows, and they
have had six children, all yet living but the first-born,
Minnie Maria, who died in budding womanhood, in
her fifteenth year, on the 14th of July, 1871. The
living children are Elizabeth Holroyd, aged nine-
teen ; Elma Ellsworth, aged sixteen ; William Greene,
aged thirteen ; Stephen Leland, aged eleven, and Su-
san Henrietta, aged six. Mrs. Dows is a noble, chris-
tian woman, and is thoroughly devoted to the interests
of her family. Like her husband, she is very social,
abounding in hospitality, and is a rich entertainer.

Mr. Dows is a purely self-made man. Cast upon
his own resources at an early age, he educated him-
self, and developed into a skillful mechanic, and later
in life into an eminently successful railroad contrac-
tor, and a legislator with but few peers in the com-
monwealth. With rare exceptions, whatever he has
touched has "turned to gold."



JACOB L. CHASE,

OSAGE.



JACOB LIBBY CHASE belongs to a family of
early settlers in Maine, in which state he was born
on the 27th of October, 1823, his native town being
Limington, York county. His parents were Moses
Chase, a farmer, and Mary Libby. His maternal
grandsire was a private soldier in the seven years'
struggle for freedom from the British yoke, and his
father, Moses Chase, was in the second war with the
mother country, acting as fife-major. Jacob was
reared a farmer, and pursued that calling until 1852,



when he went to Portland and carried on the provis-
ion and grocery trade, until burnt out in 1854. At
that date he shifted his location, opening a dry-goods
store in Saco ; continued in that line of trade until
1856, in which year, on the 31st day of July, he
reached Osage, in the State of Iowa, and he has here
had a home twenty-one years. Soon after reaching
this place he had a contract with his brother, Dr. S.
B. Chase, for building a court-house, which was com-
pleted in 1859. Subsequently he worked as a joiner



THE UNITED STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONART.



667



and builder, in company with his brother-in-law, W.
S. Johnston. In 1862 he was appointed postmaster,
and held the office until February, 1871. During
this period he also held other offices; was justice of
the peace four years, commencing on the ist of Jan-
uary, 1864. In June of the year before he was ap-
pointed deputy provost-marshal for Mitchell county,
serving until the close of the civil war. In the au-
tumn of 1865 he received the appointment of assist-
ant assessor for Mitchell county, and served until the
office was abolished. He was prompt and efficient
in the discharge of all his official duties.

For the last four or five years Mr. Chase has been
engaged in selling agricultural implements and ma-
chines, and is as well and favorably known in the farm-
ing community as any man in Mitchell county. Dur-
ing all his years of residence in Iowa he has himself
owned a small farm near town, and attended to it,
raising from year to year the bread consumed by his
own household.



Mr. Chase is a member of the commandery in the
Masonic order, and has held all the offices in the blue
lodge, the chapter and commandery. In politics, he
is a strong republican, and aided in organizing the
party before leaving Maine. His religious views ac-
cord with those of the Congregationalists.

On the 25th of November, 1845, Mr. Chase was
united in marriage with Miss Elizabeth Johnston,
of Standish, Maine. They have five children, four
daughters and one son, and have lost two. The two
eldest daughters are married, Annie A. being the wife
of Joseph F. Rood, of Mitchell county, and Alice
M. the wife of Melville White, clerk of Mitchell coun-
ty. Most of his children were educated in the graded
schools of Osage, and the Cedar Valley Seminary.

Osage was fortunate in having a good class of cit-
izens among its early settlers. They gave tone and
character to the place, and their healthful influence
has always been strikingly marked. Prominent among
this class of men is Jacob L. Chase.



OSCAR W. GARRISON,

IOWA FALLS.



OSCAR WEBB GARRISON, attorney and
journalist, is a son of Nathaniel and Abba
Miller Garrison, his ancestors being of English and
Welsh origin. Both great-grandfathers participated
in the struggle for American freedom, and both
grandfathers were in the second war with England.
His four grandparents lived past ninety years. His
father, who was a carpenter by trade, was an early
settler in Ithaca, New York.

Oscar was born in Mecklenburg, Tompkins coun-
ty. New York, on the 29th of August, 1839, and spent
the first eighteen years of his life in his native town,
where he acquired a common-school education, also
working at his father's trade part of the time and
teaching two or three terms to defray expenses.

In 1857 he struck out for himself; prospected
awhile in the western states, and finally located at
Oregon, Ogle county, Illinois, reading law with H.
A. Mix, an eminent lawyer in that part of the coun-
try, teaching school during the winters at Oregon,
Ashton and Rochelle, and working more or less in
the county clerk's office during the summers. He
was admitted to the bar by the supreme court of
Illinois on the 16th of May, 1863 ; formed a partner-
ship with Hon. J. K. Edsell, of Dixon, now attorney-



general of the state; continued in practice with him
at Dixon one year, and then practiced alone in Ore-
gon until April, 1866, when he removed to his pres-
ent home. Here he has been in legal practice since
that date, uniting other business with it most of the
time. He was deputy revenue collector for Hardin
and three other counties for a year or two. In May,
1871, purchased the "Sentinel" newspaper and job
office, and has since conducted it, with the exception
of fourteen or fifteen months. He doubled its circu-
lation in two years after assuming its management.
It is the oldest newspaper in this part of the Iowa
valley. He makes it a paper of great influence.
While conducting it he also does more or less legal
business, being well read and an able and wise coun-
selor. He is an indefatigable worker.

Mr. Garrison was the first mayor of Iowa Falls,
and has done much valuable work in the school
board in different capacities. His hands, as well as
pen, are busy in advancing the interests of the city
and county. He has recently completed a seven
thousand dollar brick residence, with pleasant sur-
roundings, for his own occupancy. Since the first
year that he was in this city he has prospered in his
business, thrift having attended his industry.



668



THE UNITED STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY.



Mr. Garrison has always been a republican, and
occasionally takes the stump during an exciting cam-
paign. He is thoroughly posted on political matters
and makes a strong canvasser.

He belongs to the blue lodge in the Masonic fra-
ternity.

Mr. Garrison is a member of the Baptist church,



and superintendent of the Sunday school, a Work in
which he takes great delight and in which he makes
himself very useful.

On the 6th of September, i860, he married Miss
Mary A. Mix, daughter of Dr. W. J. Mix and niece
of Hon. H. A. Mix, of Oregon, Illinois. They have
three sons and lost a daughter in infancy.



HON. DANIEL P. STUBBS,

FAIRFIELD.



DANIEL P. STUBBS is of pure English stock.
The progenitor of the family in this country,
Thomas Stubbs, a Quaker, settled in Pennsylvania
about 1700, immigrating thence to Georgia, the
family spreading into Ohio and other states.

Daniel P. was born in Preble county, Ohio, on the
7th of July, 1829, his parents having moved from
Georgia to that state in 1805, and settled in the
beech woods thirty miles north of Cincinnati. The
maiden name of his mother was Delilah Parham,
whose remote ancestors were Welsh. Her father
was a revolutionary soldier, was in several battles,
and at the surrender of General Cornwallis.

The subject of this brief memoir spent his minor-
ity in his native county aiding his father in tilling
the soil, and devoting what time he could command
to cultivating his mind, supplementing the facilities
of the district school, with a few months' attendance
at the Union County Academy, at Liberty, Indiana,
1852. He taught district schools in 1853 and 1854,
and in 1855 was principal of the Academy one term
where he had been a student.

Before commencing to teach he had obtained the
funds for purchasing a copy of Blackstone's Com-
mentary by working in a saw-mill at fifty cents a
day. That copy he still retains. He read law while
conducting his different schools.

From teaching in the academy Mr. Stubbs went
to Greencastle, Putnam county, Indiana; connected
himself with the law department of Asbury Univer-
sity; studied with the greatest avidity, and graduated
in February, 1856. On receiving his diploma he re-
turned to Liberty with some law in his head but no
money in his pocket.

Simultaneously with the hanging out of his shin-
gle he became editor of the " Union County Her-
ald," now called the " Liberty Herald," a paper es-
tablished in 1852.



In 1857 Mr. Stubbs abandoned the editorial chair,
and the Buckeye State, concluding that the west must
have a better field for a young attorney. He visited
Missouri, Kansas, Nebraska and Iowa, and thought
he saw the finest opening in Fairfield, which, since
October of that year, has been his home, and where
he has had about as much legal business as any one
man could reasonably desire. He is a very hard
worker ; prepares his cases with the greatest care ;
is thoroughly posted on the points of law ; is an
earnest and impressive pleader, and is first class,
both as a jury and court lawyer. In criminal cases
especially he has gained a high and wide reputation.
While we write he is engaged in a trial for murder
in the court of Knox county, Illinois.

Mr. Stubbs was mayor of Fairfield in 1859 and
i860 ; draft commissioner in 1862, and member of
the state senate from 1864 to 1868. He was at dif-
ferent times on the committees on federal relations,
railroads, and charitable institutions ; was on the
judiciary committee during the entire time he was a
member of that body, and president pro tem. the last
session. He was the author of the following joint
resolution, which passed the general assembly, and
was ratified and approved on the 24th of January,
1864:

Section i. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude,
except as a punishment for crime, whereof the party shall
have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United
States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.

Sec. ■^. Congress shall have power to enforce this article
by appropriate legislation.

Mr. Stubbs likewise penned the following resolu-
tion in regard to Jefferson Davis, and the secretary
of state of Iowa was empowered and requested to
send a certified copy of it to the President of the
United States :

Resolved, By the general assembly of the State of Iowa,
that Jefferson Davis is not a proper subject for executive
clemency, and that it is the duty of the President of the



THE UNITED STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY.



669



United States to cause the said Davis to be brought to a
fair and impartial, but speedy, trial before the proper tribu-
nal, and that if he be found guilty of the crime of treason,
that he suffer the penalty provided by law.

Mr. Stubbs was originally a liberty party man, and
voted for John P. Hale for President in 1852. Since
1856, until recently, he has acted with the republi-
can party, and has been one of its leaders in the
state. He helped renominate Mr. Lincoln, at Balti-
more, in 1864; was a member of the national exec-
utive committee the next four years, and was acting
on that committee when General Grant was nomi-
nated, at Chicago, in 1868. He is now an independ-
ent, and was the so-called " greenback " candidate
for governor in 1877, receiving about thirty-four
thousand votes. He is one of the ablest advocates
of what is known as the "soft money" system in
the state. He made thirty-five speeches in advocacy
of that doctrine in the canvass of 1877, and they
are characterized by great cogency of logic, as well
as- strength of language.

In 187 1 Mr. Stubbs was a candidate on the re-
publican ticket for member of the general assembly,
and was defeated by a third candidate taking the
field and dividing the republican vote.

About that time there was a great fight between
certain property holders in Jefferson county and the
Chicago and Southwestern Railroad Company. Mr.
Stubbs accepted a retainer fee of one thousand dol-
lars from the railroad compd,ny, and the hue and cry
was raised that he had '" sold out '' to the company,
and enough republicans voted for the independent
candidate to defeat the democratic candidate.

When the railroad was built to Marshfield, Massa-
chusetts, one of the first roads of the kind in the
United States, Daniel Webster accepted a retainer
fee of five hundred dollars ; the fact is stated in his
history, and is no discredit to him. The fact that
Mr. Stubbs had an opportunity to accept such a fee
from a railroad company is simply a compliment to
his abilities as an attorney. It has been done by
hundreds of the ablest lawyers in the United States,
and a few voters in Jefferson county, Iowa, seem to
have been the first persons in the country to discover
that such an act is disparaging to one's character.

On the 4th of July, 1877, Mr. Stubbs was the ora-
tor of the day at Riverton, Iowa, and we here give
the concluding part of his speech, made on that oc-
casion, as a specimen of his oratory, and to show in
part his political sentiments at this time :

Our government has passed through an ordeal the most
severe and trying to which a republic could possibly be sub-



jected. It arose from a disregard of the principles laid down
in our declaration of rights, from a practice in opposition to
the doctrine that all men are created equal, that every man
under the jurisdiction of our flag has equal rights before
the law.

With more than four millions of people in servitude, de-
prived of all rights, treated as chattels, disposed of as the
caprice and avarice of masters might dictate, our boast of
the equality of all men becomes an absurdity, standing out
in such bold relief that nations scoifed at our exultations.
With the theory of universal freedom on the one hand and
the practice of slavery on the other, an " irrepressible con-
flict" was, sooner or later, but the natural result. It was
the oppresses! crying to be free in a land where liberty' had
been made the chief stone of the corner. How the institu-
tion got a foot-hold upon our soil we need not recount, surely
none living at the time of our trouble were culpable with
instituting it. When the declaration was penned slavery
was upon our soil; when the articles of confederation were
formed it was here, and when the constitution was adopted
and ratified it was fastened upon us so that it appeared to
be one of the institutions of the country ; it seemed to have
found a resting place in the laws of the land, and it claimed
the protection of the government, though the voice of free-
dom and humanity continually cried out against it, and yet
there appeared to be no way to free our land from the foul,
the disgraceful stain. Philanthropy was not wanting, ab-
horrence for the institution was not lacking, but how to
rid ourselves of it was the problem that vexed philanthro-
pists, statesmen and philosophers.

When treason fired upon the flag the forces of the nation
were marshaled, not for the purpose of interfering with slav-
ery, but to defend the flag and to uphold the supremacy of
the laws. No one believed or thought that the conflict between
slavery and freedom was culminating in a deadly strife, the
one to live and the other to go down. When the fathers
resolved to oppose the odious stamp act and the duties im-
posed on their tea, they had no idea that the struggle would
end in the establishment of their independence and of self-
government, yet they did achieve a far more glorious tri-
umph than their dreams had pictured. They found that
their cause had become one of life and death, and defiantly
it was proclaimed, " give me liberty or give me death," and
they each made this their watchword, their shiboleth. So,
with our contest in the late struggle, we accomplished more
than we anticipated. A wise and philanthropic President
saw in our constitution that a way was opened, the sea of
opposition had given way, and the road to deliverance for
more than four millions of human beings was made plain ;
a way made by the madness of the very people who fain
would have riveted tighter and tighter the manacles upon
the oppressed. This blow, stricken by the oppressors against
the government, was like the impious feast of Belshazzar
when he assembled his people, and his thousand lords drank
wine from the golden vessels taken from the temple, and
bowed themselves down to Baal. At the uprising of slav-
ery for better guaranties, when in high carnival it fired
upon our country's flag, then, too, the hand-writing ap-
peared upon the wall, proclaiming, as it did at the idolatrous
revelings of Babylon, " Thy days are numbered." The
one overthrew an irreverent king and gave his land to the
Medes and Persians, and the other abolished slavery and
gave to America universal freedom.

It was indeed a fearful struggle; it cost the shedding of
the most precious blood of the country, that of our young
men; it filled the land with mourning widows and father-
less children, and mothers who refused to be comforted
because their sons were not, and entailed upon us a debt
of vast proportions that we are in honor bound to pay,
though it weighs heavily upon the industry of the country.
The struggle is over and our banner shows with new luster ;
it no longer floats in mockery over the land of the slave; it
is now truly the emblem of liberty; wherever it floats is
the home of the free. Our constitution is nobler and bet-
ter; neither slaverv nor involuntary servitude shall exist



670



THE UNITED STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY.



within the United States, or any place subject to their ju-
risdiction, is now one of its broad guaranties; our age has
made good the principle declared by our fathers, but which
they failed to establish as a practical self-evident truth.

Great revolutions are never accomplished without leav-
ing behind them traces of distrust and heart-burnings and
animosities, which time alone can banish. To heal up
wounds and mollify the lacerations made in this struggle is
the great work of the day committed to our hands; it can-
not be too speedily accomplished. We should not withhold
the olive branch, nor should the oil and wine of consola-
tion be spared. All suffered, and none more than those
who precipitated the contest upon the country. We should
remember that men are not always responsible for their edu-
cation ; we receive our impressions from the circumstances
in which we move. The whole south, for forty years pre-
ceding the war of the rebellion had been taught in the family
and from the sacred desk, that slavery was not only per-
missible but a divine institution; that the constitution and
laws of the country not only allowed it, but actually guar-
antied it. Some of the best statesmen the country ever
produced practiced it. Nearly all acquiesced in it, and few
condemned it. Its existence appeared to be quite as well
settled under our national administrative system as any-
thing could be. Should we not have more charity than to
censure and upbraid men for believing what they have al-
ways been taught.' To tantalize the people with former
faults when they acknowledge them to be faults is unchari-
table, unkind ; no glory can be drawn from such a course ;
you never will and never can make a family feud look
grand, magnify it as you will ; generally all parties are to
blame, if not in the contest itself, they are in the cause that
brought it on. It may excite the baser passions to hear re-
counted family dissensions and conflicts, but cannot appeal
to the better feelings of our nature. The great, the good,
the immortal Lincoln, who died a martyr to freedom's
cause, who died that men might be free, when the south
was just ready to strike the fatal blow that engulfed us in
the bloody war, said to them, " we are not enemies, but
friends."

"The mystic chords of memory, stretching from every
battle-field and patriotic grave to every living heart and
hearth-stone all over this broad land, will yet swell the
choru^ of the Union when again touched, as surely they
will be, by the better angels of our nature."

Has not the time come when those chords should be



again touched by the better angels.' His sentiment never
changed. In his last state paper, a document that will live
while literature and the English language live, and only a
few days before the occurrence of that awful tragedy that
filled the land with mourning, and w;hen the great work he
had been called on to perform was nearly completed, he said,
" with malice toward none, with charity for all, with firm-
ness in the right as God gives us to see the right, let us
strive on to finish the work we are in, to bind up the na-
tion's wounds, and do all which may achieve and cherish a
just and lasting peace among ourselves and with all na-
tions." These words, coming from a heart filled with pa-
triotic devotion and an unbounded love for all under the
circumstances that prompted them, and in the light of what
had transpired, in significance fall but little short of those
other living words uttered when the rocks were rent asun-
der and the sun veiled his face from the scenes of Calvary:
" Father forgive them, for they know not what they do."

Is it not fitting and proper, standing as we do upon the
beginning of our second century, still full of the vigor of
national youth, to ask ourselves if the time has not fully
come when these sentiments should take hold of the hearts
of the people, and the chords of our natures be touched by
the hand of benevolence and peace, so that America may
stand as the master-piece of national greatness,, and self-
government be reestablished with newness of life, and upon
a basis, sure and steadfast, that can never be shaken.

In religious sentiment, Mr. Stubbs is quite liberal.

On the nth of October, 1855, he was married to
Miss Carrie Hollingsworth, a native of Union county,
Indiana, and they have four children, two girls and
two boys.

Mr. Stubbs is a man of rather striking build and
physique; is six feet and two inches tall, and weighs
about two hundred pounds. He has sufficient brain
power, being quite as tall intellectually as he is phys-
ically. He is an independent actor and thinker, and
would do his duty if it brought the heavens down
on his head.



FRANCIS M. EVERETT, M. D.,



COR y DON.



FRANCIS M. EVERETT, the leading surgeon
in Wayne county, Iowa, and a gentleman of
thorough professional polish, is a native of Mason
county, Virginia, where he was born, on the 14th of
October, 1840. His father, Warren D. Everett, a
native of New York state, was a physician, who re-
moved to Iowa in 1 848, and died at Corydon on the
7 th of October, 1864. The maiden name of Francis'
mother was Partha J. Morris. This branch of the
Everett family are remotely related to Alexander H.
and Edward Everett. In the infancy of the subject
of this sketch the family moved to Monitor county,
Missouri, and five or six years later to Knoxville,
Marion county, Iowa.



Francis received an academic education in the
preparatory department of the Iowa Central Univer-
sity at Pella ; commenced reading medicine with his
father at Peoria, Wayne county, in i860; attended
lectures at Keokuk, and graduated in 1863, practic-
ing in Corydon since that date. During this period
he has attended two more courses of lectures at
Keokuk, and during the latter course, held four years
ago, he was assistant demonstrator of anatomy. It
is almost needless to say that the opportunities thus
enjoyed at Keokuk have been of incalculable benefit
to him, and given him a high and wide reputation,
especially in surgery, which he makes a specialty.
His rides extend all over Wayne county, and into



THE UNITED STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY.