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politics.

Mr. Eastman joined the Masons in 1850. He has
been a Master Mason and Royal Arch Mason ; has
taken the council degrees ; was Grand High Priest
of the General Chapter of Royal Arch Masons two
and a half years ; has been president of the Order
of High Priesthood, and is ex-officio member of the
General Grand Chapter of the United States.

In religious sentiment, he is a Unitarian, but
worships with the Congregationalists, there being no
church of his faith in Eldora.

On the 8th of January, 1845, he married Miss
Sarah C. Greenough, of Canterbury, New Hamp-
shire ; she had seven children, only four now living.
She died on the 17th of June, 1861. In 1865 he
married Miss Amanda Hall, a highly educated lady,
of Eldora, and by her has one son.

Governor Eastman is probably the best specimen
of a "downeaster" that Iowa can exhibit. After a
thirty years' residence among western people he
retains, in some measure, the Yankee dialect, and in
a large measure the Yankee tone ; can look as grave
as an orthodox deacon of the last century ; can sing
psalms like David Gamut ; is quick witted and can
get up, in a political mass meeting, a laugh which,
at a little distance, sounds like an infant earthquake;
is tall, lank and thin, so that prairie winds can pass
him easily ; is honesty personified ; is as guileless as
a child, and has the agility of thirty-five. He has
always taken good care of himself, and may yet
attend the funeral escort of the nineteenth century.



HON. EDMUND JAEGER,

KEOKUK.



EDMUND JAEGER, banker, was born at Mau-
dach, Rhenish Bavaria, on the 2 2d of Septem-
ber, 1833. His early education was received from
private tutors and the common schools till the age
of fifteen, when he entered Speier College. Here he



remained but a year, for the revolution coming on,
and he having joined the students for the common
cause, and fearing to share their fate — a suspension
from the college — did not return. In his sixteenth
year he engaged to learn the mercantile business,



70



THE VNITEt) STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY.



remaining in it for three years, but being ambitious
and anxious to build up his own fortune, he emi-
grated to the United States in 1853, settling at
Cincinnati, Ohio. He taught school at Lawrence-
burg, Indiana, a short time, and there made the
acquaintance of Hon. James Brown, a noted lawyer
and celebrated jurist, and commenced the study of
law under his instructions. During his studies he
was appointed deputy recorder, and on the death of
the recorder took his position. He attended the
law college in the State University at Bloomington,
Indiana, and received his diploma, and at the same
time he pursued such classical studies as would be
of use to him in his profession. He was admitted
to the bar at Lawrenceburg, Judge Holmon, since
member of congress, being the presiding officer of
the board. In 1857 he commenced the practice of
his profession in Keokuk, Iowa. He was clerk of
the house of the Iowa legislature in 1861, and was
appointed by the governor as commissioner to
receive the votes of the soldiers. By special act of
the legislature he was also made translator of the
law for German publication. In 1864 he was
elected vice-president of the school board, and was



unanimously elected alderman on an independent
ticket. In the fall of 1864 he was elected and
served two terms as county judge of Lee county;
and on that office being abolished, he held the po-
sition of county auditor, to which he was reelected.
During this time he lived at Fort Madison, but in
1872 he removed to Keokuk and organized the
Commercial Bank, of which he is cashier and direct-
or. In 1872 he was nominated for congress on the
democratic ticket, but was defeated. He has been
tendered the nomination of superintendent of pubhc
instruction for the state, but declined. Was elected
mayor of Keokuk in 1874, which office he yet (1876)
liolds.

He was married on the 15th of November, 1866, to ■
Miss Addie G. Ayres. Through his industry and
economy he has acquired an ample competency; and
when we consider that on his arrival in this country
he was not only without means but utterly ignorant
of the English language, his success is truly remark-
able. His character for integrity and uprightness
is unimpeachable, and he occupies in the community
in which he lives a position that commands respect
and confidence of his fellow-citizens.



HON. JOHN N. ROGERS,

DA V EN PORT.



FOREMOST among the many eminent names
that adorn the bar of Iowa stands that of John
Newton Rogers, the subject of this sketch, who was
born in the city of New York, on the 7th of Novem-
ber, 1830, his parents being Edmund J. and Rebecca
(Piatt) Rogers. His father was a native of South-
ampton, Long Island, and an active and successful
merchant in New York city till his death, which oc-
curred suddenly in the year 1835, at the age of forty-
seven years. His mother was a daughter of Judge
Ebenezer Piatt, long a prominent citizen of Hunt-
ington, Long Island. Mrs. Rogers survived her
husband some eighteen years, and died in 1853 at
Northampton, Massachusetts, where her home had
been during the latter part of her life. She was a
woman of rare symmetry and beauty of character,
and to her influence and example much of what is
excellent in the character of our subject is due. She
had nine children, four of whom died in infancy,
and five of whom survive. The eldest son. Rev.
E. P. Rogers, D.D., is a prominent and successful



clergyman of the Reformed church in New York
city. Our subject is the only other son.

The ancestors of the family were among the early
colonists of New England, arriving about the year
1640, and claiming descent from Rev. John Rogers,
who suffered martyrdom in England during the
reign of " Bloody Mary."

: The preparatory studies of our subject were pur-
sued at Fairfield, Connecticut, and afterward at
Northampton, Massachusetts. In 1844 he entered
the university of the city of New York, from which
he was graduated in 1848 with the first honors of
his class. Soon after leaving college he went to
Augusta, Georgia, where his elder brother then re-
sided, and spent a year in teaching. Returning to
the north in 1849 he commenced the study of law
at Northampton, then the family home, in the office
of the Hon. Osmyn Baker and Hon. Chas. Delano,
then prominent members of the bar of Hampshire
county, and was admitted to the Massachusetts bar
in the month of February, 1852. He removedto



THE UNtT&D STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONART.



71



New York city soon after, and in the autumn of
1853 accepted an invitation to become professor of
pleading, practice and evidence in the State and
National Law School, then located at Poughkeepsie,
New York. He continued to occupy this chair for
two years, after which he returned to New York city
and commenced the practice of his profession.

In the autumn of 1856 he made a trip to the west
and visited Davenport, Iowa, being induced to do
so chiefly by the circumstance that his friend and
former fellow-student, the late W. H. F. Gurley,
who, during the administration of President Lincoln,
was United States district attorney for Iowa, resided
there. The result was that in the following Febru-
ary (1857) he removed to Davenport, where he has
ever since resided. He formed a law partnership
with his friend Gurley which lasted three years and
was then dissolved, and in i860 he formed his pres-
ent partnership with Chas. E. Putnam, Esq., former-
ly of Saratoga Springs, New York, under the firm
name of Putnam and Rogers, which has long since
taken a leading place at the bar of Iowa, having
been connected with some of the heaviest suits and
most important questions of law coming before the
state and federal courts during the last seventeen
years, with the most flattering results. The practice
of Mr. Rogers has been confined to no special de-
partment of the law, and he is equally powerful in
all. He has been instrumental in settling points of
underwriting and commercial law, as well as the
more delicate and complicated questions of constitu-
tional and statutory interpretation. One of the most
notable recent instances of his power was exhibited
in the case of the United States, on the relation of
Hall and Morse against the Union Pacific Railroad
Company, begun in the United States circuit court
of Iowa and carried thence to the supreme court of
the United States, in which Mr. Rogers, as attorney
for the citizens of Council Bluffs, Iowa, succeeded
in establishing, against very able lawyers and the
strenuous opposition of the railroad company, the
fact that the eastern terminus of the line was at
Council Bluffs, on the eastern side of the Missouri
river, instead of at Omaha, and consequently that
the bridge between the two cities was a part of the
railroad and must be operated as such. The case
involved several new and intricate questions, as well
as the construction of several acts of congress.
Judge Dillon, of the United States circuit court at
Des Moines, and finally the supreme court of the
United States, sustained Mr. Rogers throughout the



protracted and exciting struggle. Mr. Rogers has
devoted himself almost constantly to his profession,
evading all public offices, except one term (1866-7)
which he served with great ability in the state legis-
lature. In 1875 he was offered by the governor of
Iowa the appointment of judge of the seventh ju-
dicial district, but declined, it. He has for two years
past filled the chair of lecturer on constitutional law
in the law department of the Iowa State University,
a position on which he has reflected high distinction.
His mental qualities are of a keen analytical and
logical cast. His language is luminous and finely
chosen to express his "exact and clear-cut ideas.
His statements are made with extreme accuracy of
expression, and although he does not seek the aid of
rhetorical embellishment to give charm to his argu-
ment, yet he is always listened to by courts with the
greatest pleasure, and he carries along his auditors
by the resistless sweep of his logical force. He is
stronger with the court than with the jury, for the
reason that he seems to aim exclusively at strength
and certainty, discarding the arts and embellishments
of the popular advocate. Hence the trained mind
of the jurist follows him with ever increasing inter-
est. His arguments in the higher courts are not
unfrequently reproduced phrase for phrase in the
ruling of the judge delivering the opinion. Yet he
has been eminently successful before juries, and his
candor with them always commands respect and
confidence.

In addition to his legal attainments he has a fine
literary culture, possessing a memory that retains
everything once read. He has the power of recall-
ing at will large passages from his favorite authors,
which in the company of congenial friends he does
with great aptness and felicity.

The natural habitude of his mind is retiring, hence
his circle of intimate acquaintances is limited. He
has but few of the popular arts, and those who do
not know him well misjudge his disposition and
think him exclusive when he is only shy. To his
friends he is warm-hearted and sincere, and those
who know him best esteem him most highly. He is
known chiefly as a lawyer, and his reputation in that
capacity is the result of earnest and persistent efforts
exerted in the interest of his clients, and not to
make a display. His tastes and character of mind
induce a love of legal study for its own sake.

In the summer of 1872 he visited Europe and
spent four months in travel through that most dis-
tinguished quarter of the globe.



72



TMU UNlTkD STATMS BIOGttAPtilCAL DICTlOlSrARr.



Mr. Rogers has been for many years a member of
the Reformed church, but is not at all sectarian in
his views, being in sympathy with all evangelical
christians.

In politics, he was in early life a whig. He has
been attached to the republican party since its first
organization, and has always supported it, though of
late years he has taken no active part in politics.

Shortly after removing to Iowa, in 1857, he mar-
ried Miss Mary Norman, daughter of the Rev. F. H.



Van Derveer, D.D., of Warwick, New York. This
union lasted until 1867, when it was terminated by
her death. One child, a son, named Ferdinand V.,
who survives, is the result of the union. Since then
Mr. Rogers has remained a widower.

In personal appearance, he is of medium height,
slender make, a frame rather delicate than robust, a
pleasing countenance and well-shaped head sur-
mounted with a luxuriant growth of smooth, dark
brown hair.



JOHN E. GOODENOW,

MA^UOKETA.



JOHN ELLIOTT GOODENOW, "the father of
J Maquoketa," as he is called by the early settlers,
is a native of Vermont, and was born in Springfield,
Windsor county, on the 23d of March, 1812. His
parents, Timothy and' Betsy White Goodenow, were
hard working people of the agricultural class, and
raised a family of fourteen children.

The Whites, tradition reports, were descended
from Peregrine White, the first child born after the
Mayflower landed at Plymouth. It is a numerous
family in this country. The great-grandfather of
John Elliott had sixteen children, who lived to have
families. Timothy Goodenow moved to Warren
county, New York, when the subject of this memoir
was eight years old, and there the son remained,
tilling land with his father until a little past his ma-
jority, with no education except what could be had
in attendance at a district school a few weeks each
winter season. He bought a canal boat and ran it
on the Northern canal, between Burlington, Ver-
mont, and Albany, New York, until the close of
navigation in 1837, and during the winter following
started for the west with a four-horse team, driving
it more than a thousand miles. He crossed the
Mississippi on ice on the loth of March, 1838, and
being delayed by high water, did not reach the spot
where Maquoketa now stands until the 19th. It
was then a wild open prairie, with no improvement
or human habitation in sight, though there were a
few families in the township. Here Mr. Goodenow
" squatted " on a hundred and sixty acres of land,
which did not come into market till six years later;
and' he was a "sovereign," so far as he was con-
scious of any civil power. He put up a log cabin
with the greatest possible dispatch, and that spring



planted three acres of sod corn, realizing a light
crop. The next season he fenced his whole quarter
section and broke forty or fifty acres of it. This
being done, and not being partial to a bachelor's
life in the wilderness, he returned to Warren county.
New York, and on the 3d of October, 1839, received
the hand, having long before had the heart, of Miss
Eliza Wright, of Bolton. Before starting on their
bridal tour, leading to the land. of rattlesnakes and
ague, Mr. Goodenow became ill, and was not able to
leave eastern New York until after navigation had
closed ; so, instead of bringing his young bride to her
new home on the Maquoketa by water, he purchased
a span of horses, and started with' both sleigh and
wagon, sometimes using one and sometimes the
other. They had relatives on the route in western
New York, Ohio, Indiana and Michigan ; made sev-
eral visits; were nine weeks on the road, and had,
on the whole, a pleasant wedding trip. Once they
took the wrong track in Carroll county, Illinois, and
found themselves on the open prairie eight or ten
miles east of the Mississippi river, with no house in
sight and the shades of night gathering around
them. Their team was fatigued, they were at the
end of a road, and, although the weather was decid-
edly wintry, they concluded to camp out. They
had a plenty of covering ; secured the horses ; made
a couch in the wagon box, and, supperless, went to
bed. Many years afterward the writer of this sketch
heard Mrs. Goodenow remark that when she saw
that it was impracticable to try to find a shelter that
night, she had a mind " to have a good cry," but
cheered up, and she still smiles at the novelty of
their bridal bed. Like Mrs. Wilkins Micawber, who
resolved that she never would leave her husband.



THE UNITED STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY.



72,



Mrs. Goodenow never did. They reached their
home in the Western Clearings in February, and
for thirty-eight years have remained on this beauti-
ful town site. In addition to farming, Mr. Goode-
now soon found that he must accommodate travelers,
and opened his log house as an inn, building a frame
house in 1846, and a brick house two or three years
later. Most of the time, up to a recent date, he has
kept a public house, and few landlords in the State
of Iowa have been longer or are more generally
known, or have more friends. With money or with-
out it, no person was ever turned away by Mr.
Goodenow on account of the condition of his fi-
nances. Kinder hearted or more hospitable people
than he and his wife, it would be difficult to find in
this state or any other.

As early as 1844 Mr. Goodenow made up his
mind that Maquoketa was a good site for a town,
and the way to make a town was to build houses
and hold out inducements for settlers to locate here,
he donating lots for all public purposes. At that
time he commenced building, and nearly every
year since that date has witnessed his enterprise in
that line. In this respect he has been the foremost
man in the place for more than thirty years. In
enterprises of every kind likely to advance the in-
terests of his home, he has been a leader. He early
took an interest in railroads, and has been a director
for more than twenty years, — some part of the time



of roads that were never built. Two are now run-
ning into the city.

Mr. Goodenow was the first postmaster of Ma-
quoketa, the office at first being called Springfield,
and established in 1843. Prior to that date the
nearest office was at Bellevue, twenty miles distant.
He was assessor of Jackson county one year; the
first mayor of the city, serving at different times
three years, and a member of the general assembly
in the session of 1849 and 1850.

He has always been a democrat, but not a bitter
partisan. He belongs to the grand lodge of Odd-
Fellows.

Mr. Goodenow is the father of eight children,
seven of them still living. The second child, a
daughter, Carlotta, died on the 23d of October, 1863,
aged twenty years. Osceola, the eldest son, is mar-
ried and lives in Maquoketa ; Mary L. is the wife of
D. H. Anderson, of Maquoketa; Emma, of George
B. Perham, printer, Chicago ; and Helen C, of Fred-
eric S. Tinker, of Maquoketa. Alice, George and
Winfield Scott, are unmarried and live at home.

Mr. Goodenow has added to his lands and other
property from time to time ; is no less industrious
than he was forty years ago, and he has lived to
see rise around him one of the most solidly built
and thriving little cities in eastern Iowa. It is al-
most needless to say that no man has done as much
as he to make Maquoketa what it is.



HON. WILLIAM L. JOY,

SIOUX CITT.



WILLIAM LEONARD JOY, the leading court
lawyer in northwestern Iowa, is a native of
Vermont, and was born in Townshend on the 17th
of August, 1831. His parents were William H. and
Hettie Leonard Joy. His paternal grandfather was
a revolutionary soldier. The father of William L.
owned two or three farms and a grist mill, and, at
times, had other business on his hands, and the son
aided him most of the time until twenty years of
age, fitting for college meanwhile, at Leland Semi-
nary in his native town. He entered at Amherst
in his twenty-first year, and graduated in the class
of 1855, teaching school three winters while in his
college course.

Mr. Joy taught a few terms in the Leland Sem-
inary while studying law with Judge Roberts ; was



admitted to the bar early in the spring of 1857, and
started immediately for the west, reaching Sioux
City, Iowa, his present home, on the 5th of May.
Here he formed a partnership with N. C. Hudson,
and the firm of Hudson and Joy was continued
until 1866. After practicing alone for two years
Mr. Joy took a partner, C. L. Wright, and the firm
of Joy and Wright is the leading law firm in Wood-
bury county. These gentlemen are the local attor-
neys for the Illinois Central Railroad Company, and
the attorneys for the Sioux City and Pacific, the Da-
kota Southwestern, the Covington, Columbus and
Black Hills railroads, and for the Iowa Falls and
Sioux City Land Company.

Mr. Joy has always had a heavy law business;
has managed his affairs with prudence and success.



74



THE UNITED STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONART.



He was a member of the lower house in the
eleventh and twelfth sessions of the general assem-
bly, and probably did as important work in the
service of his constituents as any member of the
legislature in 1864 and 1866. He was sent especial-
ly to look after the railroad interests of northwestern
Iowa, and succeeded in carrying through the meas-
ures for which he was sent.

Mr. Joy was a member of the board of capital
comrnissioners two years.

He has been connected with the Baptist church
more than twenty years, and is one of the most
prominent laymen in that denomination in the
state.

Mr. Joy was formerly a whig, and is now a repub-



lican. His political friends have frequently urged
him to be a candidate for judge of the district and
circuit courts and the supreme court; he has pe-
culiar fitness for such a position, but is too modest
to encourage such movements. Pecuniarily, he
would suffer by going on the bench.

On the loth of October, 1859, he was united in
marriage with Miss Frances A. Stone, of Westmore-
land, New Hampshire, and they have two children.

Mr. Joy is a fair pleader before a jury, and is still
improving ; but he is best known as a court lawyer,
and as such has but few equals in the state. His
opinions on points of law carry great weight. His
moral character is solid, and Sioux City was fortu-
nate in having such a man among her early settlers.



HON. JOHN F. BUNCOMBE,

FORT DODGE.



THE pioneer lawyer in Webster county, as it
now stands ; the first notary public, the first
journalist in the county, and the first citizen to be
made a Mason, was John Francis Buncombe, now
and for a long time one of the leading attorneys in
the eleventh judicial district. Mr. Buncombe was
born in Erie county, Pennsylvania, on the 22d of
October, 1831. His father, Eli Buncombe, and his
mother, Selina Champlin Buncombe, are still living.
His great-grandfather was a soldier in the revolu-
tionary war, and his grandfather in the war of 1812.
John F. Buncombe is of the fifth generation from
Sir Charles Buncombe, of England, a family long
and still connected with the British parliament.

Eli Buncombe was a farmer, and his son spent
the first sixteen years of his life at home, tilling the
soil and attending a district school a few months
each year. He prepared for college at Meadville,
Pennsylvania, and attended Allegheny College, there
located, three years. The senior year he went to
Center College, Banville, Kentucky ; studied six
weeks, stood the full examination in the four years'
curriculum and returned the same week to Allegheny
College, where he graduated.

Mr. Buncombe commenced studying law with H.
L. Richmond, of Meadville, concluding his studies
with James C. Marshall and Hon. J. P. Vincent, of
Erie. He was admitted to the bar at Erie when
twenty-two years of age. After practicing there one
year he became interested in the opening fields of



the west and removed to Iowa, settling at Fort
Bodge, in April, 1855. Here he has practiced law
for twenty-two years, securing a larger practice than
any other attorney in the upper Bes Moines valley.
Meanwhile he has usually been engaged in other
branches of business, and which, though unaided,
he has prosecuted successfully. Although his legal
practice has always been large, yet at one time he
was managing seven farms ; at two periods he was
conducting a weekly newspaper, one of them, the
" Fort Bodge Sentinel," the first paper ever printed
iij northwestern Iowa ; and at one time he was the
sole local director of the Iowa Falls and Sioux City
railroad, now the western part of the Iowa branch
of the Illinois Central road. He has been engaged,
at different times, in building the Iowa and Minne-
sota and Iowa Pacific railways, and has built one
or two short railroads to coal mines, in connection
with C. B. Richards, Esq., of Fort Bodge, and is at