term in the county board of supervisors, has kept
out of eVery office not connected with his profession.
He served as district attorney from 1870 to 1874,
and then refused peremptorily a renoraination. The
law is his delight : he is a man of one profession,
and in that he is a grand success. In law, he takes
a common-sense view of every question that rises ;
has a judgment of extraordinary soundness, and es-
pousing a just cause, he never fails to win. He is
an extensive reader, and has a large fund of knowl-
edge outside his profession. In humor, he is pro-
lific, rich and highly entertaining.
In 1864 Mr. Jones went into the one-hundred-
days service as lieutenant of company D, 4Sth Iowa
Infantry, which regiment did patrol duty on the
Memphis and Charleston railroad. West Tennessee.
In politics, Mr. Jones has been in succession a
whig, an American and a republican, and he now
calls himself a " greenbacker." He has no politics
from policy, is an aspirant to no office, and votes
as his judgment and conscience dictate. He is
most emphatically an independent thinker and act-
or, no trammels of party or creed binding him. He
believes in serving God and man, but neither in any
elseif (getClientWidth() > 430)
slavish sense. He pays more to support religious
institutions than most people, and makes the least
pretensions to goodness of any. As a citizen, he is
THE UNITED STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONART.
attentive to his general duties and is generous to the
Mr. Jones is a Knight Templar of the. Red Cross
in the Masonic order, and is up to the patriarch de-
gree in Odd-Fellowship.
On the 17th of June, 1852, he was united in mar-
riage with Miss Emmeline Spencer, of Bloomfield,
and they have four children. Mrs. Jones is a chris-
tian woman and a devoted mother.
Mr. Jones has a solid build, being five feet and
ten inches tall, and weighing two hundred and five
pounds. His eyes are hazel, with a merry twinlile,
and woe to the man who undertakes to joke with
josiAH R. McClelland, m.d.
TOSIAH ROBINSON McCLELLAND twenty-
J five years a physician in Decatur county, Iowa,
was born in Monroe county, Kentucky, on the isth
of December, 1823. His paternal ancestors were
Scotch-Irish. His great-grandfather settled in North
■ Carolina, and his grandfather lived in Scott county,
Virginia, where the father of the doctor, Josiah Mc-
Clelland, was born. The maiden name of the doc-
tor's mother was Rhoda Condra, of whose pedigree
nothing is known.
When the subject of this notice was about two
years old the family moved to Jackson county, Ten-
nessee, and in 1841 to Mercer county, Missouri, the
son being raised on his father's farm. He had the
usual education of farmers' sons, such as a subscrip-
tion school affords. He spent two years in a mer-
cantile house at Princeton, Mercer county, and then^
in July, 1848, commenced reading medicine at the
same place with Dr. J. B. Bell, attending lectures in
Saint Louis. In 185 1 he commenced practice with
his preceptor at Princeton ; at the end of two years
moved to Decatur county, where he has since been
in constant practice. Being a close student, and
making his profession his life-work, he could not
avoid making good progress, and has an excellent
standing for attentiveness and skill. He possesses
those amenities which make his presence especially
acceptable in the sick room. Though making all
departments of medical science his study, physiology
has been a favorite branch, and in it he has made
marked advancement. He has long been a member
of the Decatur County Medical Society, and is its
Dr. McClelland was originally a whig, but of late
years has voted with the democrats, though he has
not taken so active a part in politics as to interfere
in the least with his profession.
He is a Chapter Mason, and has passed all the
chairs in the subordinate lodge of Odd-Fellowship.
The doctor has been a member of the Christian
church since boyhood ; has lived a consistent, irre-
proachable life, and is a noble specimen of the chris-
His wife was Miss Amanda M. Rhea, of Mercer
county, Missouri; married on the i8th of March,
1851. They have three children : Etta M., the wife
of J. P. Hall, of Leon, and Edgar B and Emma G.,
who are pursuing their studies in the local school.
ALBERT PHIPPS, one of the early settlers of
. Cherokee county, and a leading spirit in the
county agricultural society, was a son of Aaron and
Polly Healy Phipps, both parents before their mar-
riage being of the same name. His maternal grand-
father, Jason Phipps, was in the revolutionary army,
going in when a young man. The length of his
service is unknown. Albert was born in Milford,
Worcester county, Massachusetts, on the 7th of Oc-
tober, 1820, and is a descendant of a very old New
England family, of which Sir William Phipps, one of
the colonial governors of Massachusetts, formed one
The subject of this sketch lost his mother when
he was six years old, and lived a few years with an
uncle in Connecticut. He was reared on a farm
THE UNITED STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY.
mainly until sixteen or seventeen years old, with a
very ordinary common -school education. At nine-
teen or twenty years of age he went to sea, spend-
ing two years as a fisherman, mainly on the Grand
Bank. Prior to this date he had commenced the
bootmaker's trade, and on closing his brief career
as a mariner resumed his trade, working at it off and
on, in Milford, Massachusetts, for a dozen years or
more, farming also, more or less, during the same
In 1856 Mr. Phipps came to Iowa as a member of
the Milford Emigration Society, bought land in
Cherokee county, and has continued to improve it
up to this date. He has a farm a mile or two from
the city of Cherokee, the county seat, and has other
lands in Cherokee county. He is industrious, eco-
nomical and thrifty, but, like other men in the coun-
ty, has had some reverses during the last three or four
years on account of the invasion and depredations
of grasshoppers. He was one of the foremost men
in forming an agricultural society in the county, and
has been its treasurer. He is the life of the organ-
ization and awake to every interest of the county.
In 1864 Mr. Phipps enlisted as a private in the
15th Iowa Infantry, and served until the rebellion
terminated and the regiment was mustered out.
He has been a county supervisor most of the time
since locating here ; is chairman of the board, and
at an early period, for two years, was the board,
managing the business entirely alone, the county
being only one township. He has held nearly every
town office, and has been and still is a very useful
citizen. His integrity was never doubted.
In politics, he was originally a democrat, but has
acted with the republican party since i860.
The wife of Mr. Phipps was Miss Martha Little-
field, of Hopkinton, Massachusetts ; married in 1842.
They have had six sons and two daughters, all yet
living. Luther, John A. and Henry L. are married ;
the other sons, Frank, Arthur and Nathan are single.
Addie is the wife of N. T. Burroughs, banker, of
Cherokee, and Mattie Eliza, the younger daughter,
is unmarried. They are a family of well-reared,
excellent children, and their general good demeanor
and correct habits are a comfort to their parents.
Considering his limited education and the conse-
quent disadvantages under which he has labored,
Mr. Phipps has made a truly- praiseworthy record.
With great prudence and industry he has combined
unswerving honesty, and hence has always claimed
the highest respect of his fellow-citizens. A good
name is a glittering factor in his wealth.
SAMUEL H. WATSON,
VINTON, the seat of justice of Benton county,
was fortunate in the class of its earlier busi-
ness men. They were solid in character, and in the
end, by prudence and industry, have become solid
in means. The four banking institutions of the place,
some of whose managers are mentioned on other
pages of this work, are under the,direction of highly
honorable and enterprising men. They are town-
builders, men whose public spirit crops out promi-
nently in more than one direction. Among this class
is Samuel Humes Watson, who started the second
bank in Vinton, who is well known as a business man
throughout Iowa, and whose name is a synonym for
promptness, integrity, and every business virtue. We
know nothing about the pedigree of either branch of
Mr. Watson's family. He was the son of Joshua P.
Watson, a cooper at first, then a merchant, and finally
a banker, residing at the time of Samuel's birth, on
the 3d of July, 1828, in Ohio county, Virginia. His
mother's maiden name was Martha Humes. When he
was five years old the family moved to Harrisville,
Harrison county, Ohio, where at eighteen, with only
such education as a district school could furnish, he
entered his father's store, acting as clerk till twenty-
one. At that age his father gave him an interest in
the business; he was in the firm six years, and then
concluded to push farther west. On the ist of May,
1856, he crossed the Mississippi and reached Iowa
After prospecting awhile, looking for the best open-
ing, he concluded to locate in Vinton, and reached
here with his family on the 14th of October follow-
ing. He immediately opened a bank in company
with Judge Samuel Douglass, they remaining in busi-
ness together until the judge moved to Chicago in
1861. Continuing the bank alone until 1865, in that
year Mr. Watson organized the First National Bank
of Vinton ; after managing it for four years, the char-
THE UNITED STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONART.
ter was surrendered and he returned to private bank-
ing. For the last six years his two eldest sons, Will-
iam P. and Peter W., enterprising young men, have
been with their father, tlie firm name being S. H.
Watson and Sons.
During the earlier years of his residence in Vinton
Mr. Watson dealt largely in lands, mainly in Benton
county, and was very successful in his investments.
Latterly banking has been almost exclusively his bus-
iness. He has, however, built extensively nearly ev-
ery year. Watson's Hall, put up by him four years
ago, is one of the finest buildings of the kind in the
interior of the state. His own bank building, erect-
ed two years ago, is a solid and elegant structure.
Other buildings in the city are the work of his hands.
The house in which he lives, put up eighteen years
ago, is very comfortable, but he is improving a ten-
acre lot, adjoining the city, and preparing to build a
house of much larger dimensions and more modern
and much richer finish.
Since residing in Iowa Mr. Watson has lived a
rather quiet and retired life, so far as office-holding
is concerned. He has done some good work on the
local school board, having served in it, off and on,
many years, and has been a trustee and the treasurer
of the Iowa College for the Blind, located at Vinton,
for the last ten years, but has never sought political
preferment. He was at first a Douglas democrat ;
since i860 has been a republican. He has never been
very active in politics.
Mr. Watson ordinarily attends the Presbyterian
church, where his wife, who was Erameline Perrine,
of Harrisville, Ohio, belongs. They were married on
the 20th of November, 1849, and have seven chil-
dren. The two eldest, already mentioned, are mar-
ried ; the others are single.
Mr. Watson has always been a careful and method-
ical business man, close in his calculationsj untiring
in his application, and suffering no ends to get loose ;
hence his eminent success. He is public-spirited,
going for substantial improvements and for whatever
else will advance home interests. Vinton abounds
in useful citizens, of whom Mr. Watson stands in the
AMONG the eminently successful merchants and
L\. bankers residing in Henry county, Iowa, is
Timothy Whiting, a son of John and Nancy Carter
Whiting, and born on the 7th of February, 1809, in
the town of Brewer, Hancock county, Maine. Both
the Whitings and Carters were early Massachusetts
families, spreading from thence, at an early day, into
Maine, New Hampshire, and other New England
Colonel John Whiting removed with his family to
Bath, Steuben county, New York, when Timothy was
six years old, and where he was reared on a farm till
fifteen, finishing his education at that age in the
Prattsburg Academy. He then became a clerk in a
stoire at Bath ; two years later went to Painted Post,
in the same county; clerked there between two and
three years, and at the age of twenty went into busi-
ness for himself in company with another young man.
At the end of ten years Mr. Whiting moved from
Painted Post to Tyrone, in the same county, con-
tinuing in trade there four years, then returned~to
Bath, carrying on the mercantile business until 18571
when he made a permanent settlement in Mount
Pleasant, Iowa. Here, in company with other parties,
he started a branch of the State Bank in 1858, he
being its cashier, and representative of the bank on
the state board of directors during the time that it
was in operation.
In May, 1865, this institution was changed into
the National State Bank, one of the solid institutions
of Iowa, and he has held from the start the office of
Mr. Whiting has held none but bank and church
offices since coming to the state, except one year's
service as director in the Asylum for the Insane, at
Mount Pleasant. He has never been a very 'strong
partisan, and has peremptorily refused to accept po-
litical offices. He was a democrat at an early day
a whig a little later, and of late years has usually
acted with the republicans.
Mr. Whiting has been a member of the Methodist
Episcopal church since 1831, and an official in the
Mount Pleasant body since first locating here. The
character of no man in the city stands better. He
is liberal-hearted, kind to the poor, and ready to
help the needy and distressed at all times.
THE UNITED STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY.
In December, 1833, Mr. Whiting and Miss Sarah
A. McCall, of Painted Post, New York, were joined
in wedlock, and they have had eleven children.
Seven of them are living, and all married but the
youngest child, Frank H., who is in the employ of
the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad Com-
pany, at Burlington, in the civil engineer depart-
John H., the eldest son, is cashier of the National
State Bank, Mount Pleasant; Henry is master me-
chanic of the Saint Louis, Rock Island and Rock-
ford Railroad Company, living at Beardstown, Illi-
nois ; Charles H. is a music dealer in Burlington,
Iowa, and Samuel S. is the business agent in Mis-
souri of a Mount Pleasant firm. Ann E., the eld-
est daughter living, is the wife of Professor J. H.
Hopkins, vice-president of the Albion, Michigan,
College, with his home at Ypsilanti, and Sophia E.
is the wife of R. S. Gillis, assistant cashier of the
National State Bank.
Few men of his age have worked more hours
than Mr. Whiting. He has had remarkable health,
not having had forty sick days in forty years. Hav-
ing" always, been prudent and economical; having
attended assiduously to his own matters, and not
only minded his own business but put mind in his
business, he has made his life one of marked suc-
cess. His accumulations are the work of his own
hands, toil hardened by fifty years' industry, and
still ready for any honorable service.
WILLIAM B. MAYES,
THE subject of this brief sketch, one of the
most successful business men of Jefferson, is
of Scotch descent, his ancestors on both sides being
from the old country. His parents were Joseph and
Rebecca (Work) Mayes, residing near Cadiz, Harri-
son county, Ohio, when the son was born, on the nth
of August, 1837. His father was in the war of 1812.
His paternal grandfather, on coming from Scotland,
settled in Pennsylvania. The Works settled in Wash-
ington county, in the same state, where many of them
William B. lived in Harrison county until after he
became of age, farming, attending a common school
In April, i860, he came to De Witt, Clinton county,
Iowa, still farming in harvest time, teaching in the
winters, and studying the rest of the time, finishing
his school education with a full year in Lenox Col-
legiate Institute, Hopkinton, Delaware county, where
he had previously attended one or two terras.
On finishing his academic course of studies he read
law with Captain D. S. Lee, of Independence, Iowa;
was admitted to the bar at DeWitt, in September,
1867, and settled in Jefferson on the i6th of the same
month. Here, to legal practice he has added real
estate, making the latter a specialty, and managing
it with eminent success.
When Mr. Mayes located in Jefferson, he had spent
his funds in securing an education, and was not worth
a dollar; was, in fact, owing something less than one
hundred dollars of borrowed -money. Since going
into business here, he has been economical, has been
prudent and careful in his investments and specula-
tions, and, what is remarkable, has in no instance -
been a loser. He now owns the Revere House, in
Jefferson, a farm of one hundred and thirty-five
acres at the depot, four hundred acres of wild land
in various parts of Greene county, a cozy home in the
city, and perhaps other property of which the writer
has no knowledge. In company with Mr. G. G.
Lawrence, county auditor, he is in the abstract busi-
ness, and they have probably the most perfect thing
of the kind in the state.
In the month of August, 1862, Mr. Mayes enlisted
as a private in company K, nth Iowa Infantry, and
served nearly three years. He was with his regiment
in every battle except one, and was hit twice, but not
seriously wounded. During the latter part of this
period he was a clerk in the provost-marshal's office,
seventeenth army corps.
Mr. Mayes is a republican in politics, but has held
no office outside the municipality of his adopted
home. He has passed all the chairs in Odd-Fellow-
ship, and is a Master Mason.
He inherited from his parents a warm regard for
the Presbyterian tenets and order of church govern-
ment, and is an elder in the Jefferson body. For
probity and consistency of christian character, no
man in the city has a better standing. He is a zeal-
ous worker in the cause of divine truth.
THE UNITED STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY.
His wife, becoming such on the 14th of May, 1868,
\yas Miss Sarah J. Cowan, of Mount Vernon, Linn
county, Iowa, and was educated there in Cornell
College ; she is a very active and influential christian.
Circumstances rendered it a necessity that Mr.
Mayes should make a slow start in his academic
course, and consequently in his legal and independ-
ent career ; but he seems to have been determined
not to enter on a profession without a fair degree of
mental culture ; so far as we can learn, he struggled
on, full of hope, with an elastic spirit, and a safe
amount of energy and perseverance. While in the
array he studied the German language, and acquired
a knowledge of it sufficient to enable him to teach
it when reading law at Independence. At that place
he also taught a select school to aid in defraying his
expenses while pursuing his legal studies.- His plan
seems to have been to convert his money, early
earned, into mental resources, so that if successful
in later years he might have the means by which
he could the better enjoy his financial success. He
is now devoting one hundred dollars a year to the
enlargement of his private library. From the career
of such men, who can doubt that the aspirations for
knowledge, culture and refinement which led them
to struggle upward are to be infinitely preferred to
inherited wealth, which not infrequently proves itself
to be other than a blessing.?
MAJOR RACINE D. KELLOGG,
THE most enterprising man and leading spirit in
Decatur county, Iowa, is Major Racine D.
Kellogg, one of the town builders of the common-
wealth. He is a native of Onondaga county. New
York, and was born at Fayetteville, on the 9th of
March, 1828. His parents were Pearl and Lucy M.
(Northrup) Kellogg. Both of his grandparents were
Kelloggs, and sprung, on the father's side, from the
branch of the family which early settled in Massa-
chusetts; on the mother's side, in Connecticut. His
grandfather moved to Oneida county, New York,
swimming the Mohawk river with his teams, when
there was but one dwelling house, a log hut, in Utica.
Pearl Kellogg was in the war of 1812-15, though
in what capacity we cannot learn. Hon. W. P. Kel-
logg, congressman from Illinois ; W. W. Kellogg, late
congressman from Massachusetts, and Senator Kel-
logg of Louisiana, are distantly related to the subject
of this sketch.
Racine received an academic education in his na-
tive village. At twenty-one years of age he started
for the west, spending four years in farming and
teaching in Erie county, Ohio.
In 1854 he crossed the Mississippi river; located
at Garden Grove ; merchandised a short time, and
has since been engaged in handling real estate, being
one of the most extensive operators in this part of
the state. He is improving many farms, and has wild
lands and coal lands in Wayne, Decatur, Clark, Mar-
ion, Polk and Greene counties; and in the first two
counties alone he has built no less than thirty-seven
miles of fencing. In connection with other parties
he laid out the towns of Dallas Center and Grand
Junction, and the impress of his enterprising hand
is seen in scores of places in different sections of the
In 1859 Mr. Kellogg was elected to the general
assembly, and was in the regular sessions of i860,
and the extra session of 1861 ; was reelected and
served in the regular and extra sessions of 1862. In
that year he was selected by Governor Kirkwood as
one of his staff to accompany him to the battle-field
of Fort Donelson, where the battle flag of the gal-
lant 2d Iowa Infantry was put into his hands to be
brought back and placed in the archives of the state.
At the opening of the regular session of 1862 Mr.
Kellogg was elected speaker pro tem.
Prior to this time, in the extra session of 1861, Mr.
Kellogg offered the following resolution, which was
extensively copied and commented on at the time :
Whereas, The President of the United States has appealed
to all loyal citizens to favor, facilitate and aid the effort to
maintain the honor, the integrity, and the existence of the
National Union, and suppress treason and rebellion against
the federal government; therefore be it
Resolved., By the House of Representatives, the senate con-
curring herein, that the faith, credit and resources of the
State of Iowa, both in men and money, are hereby irrevoc-
ably pledged to any amount and to every extent which the
federal government may demand, to suppress treason, sub-
due rebellion, enforce the laws, protect the lives and prop-
erty of loyal citizens, and maintain inviolate the constitution
and sovereignty of the nation.
In 1862 he went into the army as major of the
34th Iowa Infanty, and before he had served a year
THE UNITED STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONART.
was compelled, on account of ill-health, to resign and
leave the service. He was at the battle and surren-
der of Arkansas Post, and the rebel general Church-
ill, together with his staff and other officers, to the
number of one hundred and fifty men and thirteen
hundred privates, was placed in charge of Major
Kellogg, and delivered by him to General Curtis at
Saint Louis. On his leaving the army the officers of
the 34th regiment held a meeting at Benton Barracks,
Saint Louis, on the 20th of April, 1863, and passed
the following complimentary and well-merited reso-
Whereas, Our worthy Major, R. D.[Kellogg, has been
compelled to resign his position in thisregiment on account
of ill-health; therefore
Resolved, That we deplore the circumstances which render
the step necessary, and in parting with Major Kellogg bear
cheerful testimony to his merit as an officer, and his uniform
kindness and urbanity as a gentleman.
Resolved, That in his resignation the service loses a most
valuable officer, and the members of this regiment a genial
and most pleasant companion.
Resolved, That in view of a just appreciation of the gal-
lant military career as well as high social endowments of