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Major Kellogg, we do without hesitancy say that he has left
the image of himself imprinted in the heart of every mem-
ber oft he 34th Iowa ; and although compelled to retire from
the service, our esteem, friendship and admiration for him
is growing, expansive and quenchless as time and human
memory.

Resolved, That the foregoing be published in the " Iowa
State Register," " Leon Pioneer," " Chariton Patriot," " In-
dianola Visitor," and " South Tier Democrat."

A gentleman who has long been intimately ac-
quainted with Major Kellogg states that "as a repre-
sentative, as a business man, as a good citizen, as a
brave soldier, and as one of the useful and tireless
members of our state assembly for several sessions,
he is without a blemish. He will never stoop to



shield himself from responsibility, and will never
shrink from duty. In social and political circles his
name is a synonym for power and honor.'' Every
position of public trust in which the major has been
placed he has filled with credit to himself and hon-
or to the people whom he represented.

Major Kellogg was known as a war democrat when
rebellion broke out at the south; during Mr. Lin-
coln's administration his affiliations were with the
republican party, and latterly he has been an inde-
pendent politician, voting as he thought the best
interests of his country required him to do. Of late
years his name has repeatedly been mentioned as a
suitable man to represent his district in congress, but
he has not allowed his name to be used in political
conventions.

Major Kellogg is a member of the Presbyterian
church, and a man of the highest christian integrity.

On the 2d of November, 1864, Miss Elizabeth A.
Burns, daughter of Hon. John D. Burns, a member
of the Michigan constitutional convention, became
the wife of Major Kellogg, and they have two chil-
dren living and have lost three.

At home the major is held in the highest esteem.
Here his public spirit and enterprise are most fully
felt and thoroughly appreciated. He was chairman
of the railroad committee when the Leon branch of
the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy railroad came
through Garden Grove; was chairman of the build-
ing committee when the large and finely arranged
school-house was built, and in every movement for
the improvement of the place he is a foremost man.
He is benevolent and kind to the poor.



JOHN C. BUCHANAN,

LEMARS.



TOHN CALDER BUCHANAN, son of WilHam
J and Jane Calder Buchanan, was born near Glas-
gow, Scotland, on the 12th of September, 1831. He
is descended from a very old family which started
in Sterlingshire, his great-grandfather speaking the
pure Gaelic only. William Buchanan emigrated with
his family from Scotland to the province of Ontario,
Canada, in 1842, and settled in Dumfries, near Gait,
where he bought a farm, on which the son, John C,
worked until sixteen years of age, fitting himself, in
the meantime, in the common school and by private
study, for a teacher; that vocation he followed, with



occasional interruptions, for twenty years, teaching
sometimes in Canada, and at other times in different
parts of the United States. At one time during this
period he spent a few months in New York city, in
the old museum of P. T. Barnum, often taking a mi-
nor part on the stage. At another time we find him
in Texas, alternating between teaching school and
acting as a ranger, hunting mustangs and Indians.
In 1854 he became a pupil in the IlHnois Liberal In-
stitute, now Lombard University, Galesburg, Illinois.
Two years later, during the Presidential campaign,
he conducted a daily paper in Decatur, Illinois; a



THB UNITED STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY.



717



year or two later he spent six months as a pupil in
the Provincial Normal School, Toronto, Canada, and
then taught steadily from 1859 to 1867, most of the
time in Preston, near Gait, he being principal of the
graded school.

Since 1867 Mr. Buchanan has been a journalist,
commencing, in company with his younger brother
Robert, on the Appleton, Wisconsin, "Post," conduct-
ing it two years, then purchasing the Marquette,
Michigan, " Plaindealer," the office of which paper
they lost by fire in about six months.

In July, 1870, Mr. Buchanan came to Lemars and
founded the " Sentinel," issuing the first number in
February, 1871. This large weekly paper he still
conducts, having built up a powerful republican
organ. Mr. Buchanan has a fine education, classical
withal, an immense fund of general as well as scien-
tific knowledge, and is a very strong, vigorous and
graceful writer.



He is an unwavering republican, well read in the
politics of the country, and during an exciting cam-
paign can and does do effective work on the stump,
being an eloquent as well as logical speaker.

During the year 187 1, while editing the " Sentinel,"
he also printed the Rock Rapids, Lyon county, "Re-
view." Though a warm partisan, and ready to help
friends to office, Mr. Buchanan rarely asks for any-
thing of the kind for himself He was elected county
superintendent of schools a few years ago, but im-
mediately resigned.

The wife of Mr. Buchanan was Miss Catherine
Bergy, of Pennsylvania; married in February, 1861.
They have eight children and have lost two.

Mr. Buchanan has been quite successful during
his residence in Iowa. Besides the printing office,
he owns and lives in one of the best houses in Le-
mars, has other property in the city, and owns two
farms in Plymouth county.



HENRY H. MAYNARD, M. D.,

TIPTON.



HENRY HOBART MAYNARD is a native of
Ohio, and was born near Columbus,„on the
6th of September, 1835. He is a son of Stephen
Maynard, a farmer, and Lurenda Humphrey. His
grandfather, Stephen Maynard, senior, was a musi-
cian in the continental army. Hon. Horace May-
nard, of Tennessee, belongs to a branch of the same
family.

When Henry Hobart was nine years of age his
father removed the family to Johnson county, Iowa,
settling on a farm near Iowa city. There the son
gave himself to hard work until of age, with educa-
tional privileges limited to the winter months, as is
usual with farmer boys.

After attending the normal department of the
State University, at Iowa city, one year, at the age of
twenty-two he commenced reading medicine, at first
with Dr. E. J. B. Statler, and subsequently with Dr.
Frederic Lloyd, both of Iowa city. He then attend-
ed lectures at Rush Medical College, Chicago; grad-
uated in March, i86i ; came directly to Tipton, and
has here been in steady practice, except when in the
service of his country.

On the 1 2th of August, 1862, Dr. Maynard went
into the army as assistant-surgeon of the i8th Iowa
Infantry ; was in the service three years, and during



the first half of that period was, most of the time,
surgeon in charge of the general hospital at Spring-
field, Missouri. He was then appointed surgeon of
the 2d Arkansas Cavalry, and remained nominally in
that position, serving, however, nearly all of the time
as medical director of the district of southwest Mis-
souri until near the close of the war. The value of
his services as medical director will be readily in-
ferred from the following letter from the medical in-
spector-general United States army :

Medical Inspector-General's Office,

Washington, D.C, February 8, 1865.

Dr. H. H. Maynard, Surgeon 2d Arkansas Cavalry:

Sir,— Your letter of 29th January has but this monnent
reached me. It affords me great pleasure to state that you
have served under me, and that important duties have been
devolved on you, all of which you have performed to my
entire satisfaction ; and I take this occasion to thank you for
your very efficient aid in the discharge of my duties as
medical director of the department of Missouri. As med-
ical director of southwest Missouri you rendered important
service to the country, and managed the affairs of that dis-
trict with great credit to yourself.

I feel confident that you will fill creditably any position
in the line of your profession 3'ou may be appointed to.
Very respectfully your obedient servant,

Madison Mills,
Medical Inspector-General United States Army.

Dr. Maynard was mustered out with his regiment
on the 20th of August, 1865, and resumed practice
at Tipton. He attended a full course of lectures at



7i8



THE UNITED STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONART.



the Bellevue Hospital Medical College from Octo-
ber, 1874, to February, 1875, and took the degree of
ad eundem.

Dr. Maynard is a Royal Arch Mason, and belongs
to the subordinate lodge of Odd-Fellows. To pol-
itics he pays but little attention, usually voting with
the republicans. He studies medical and surgical



science rather than politics, and is constantly increas-
ing in skill as well as reputation. He is a rapidly
rising man in his profession.

On the 5th of September, 1865, Miss Susan H.
Edwards, daughter of Hon. John Edwards, of Chari-
ton, Iowa, became his wife, and they have three
children.



DR. JOHN P. GRUWELL,

OSKALOOSA.



JOHN P. GRUWELL was born in Stark county,
Ohio, on the 19th of May, 1810, and is the son of
Timothy Gruwell. Being unable to trace the gene-
alogy of his father's family, little is known definite-
ly of its history in America. It seems probable that
the grandfather of our subject, Peter Gronelle, (the
name was originally spelled Gronelle,) emigrated
from the eastern part of France. He died soon after
reaching the shores of Delaware Bay, leaving a wid-
ow and three little boys, John, Isaac and Timothy ;
and upon the death of the widow, which occurred
soon afterward, the three children were left without
means upon the charity of strangers. Timothy be-
came a man of good mind without high cultivation,
plain but substantial ; was of square build, with large
head, black hair, blue-gray eyes, and stood five feet
eight inches in height; erect in form and of quick,
firm step. He had a strong constitution, and died
in his seventy-eighth year, with unimpaired mental
faculties. When twenty-five years of age he became
a member of the Society of Friends.

The mother of our subject descended from an
ancient English family, by the name of Pennock or
Pinnock. Christopher Pennock, a Quaker, came to
America either as a member of William Penn's colony,
or about that time, in quest of religious liberty, and
settled near the present site of Philadelphia. His
descendants became numerous, and as a class were
distinguished for moral and religious worth, honest
integrity, enterprise and success. William Pennock,
being of the third generation from Christopher Pen-
nock, and Alice «/i? Mendenhall, were the great-
grandparents of our subject. His grandfather, also
named William, was the fifth of nine children, the
most of whom lived to be more than ninety years of
age. He married Mary Martin, by whom he had
eight children, of whom the mother of our subject
was the second. She reared a family of thirteen



children, of whom John is the fifth, and died at the
age of ninety-two years, of pneumonia, having up to
the time of her death enjoyed good health, and being
in the full possession of her mental powers. She was
a woman refined in manner, and kind and affection-
ate, and was in every sense a conscientious, christian
mother.

About the year 1800 the father of our subject en-
tered a quarter-section of land in, and moved his
family to. Stark county, Ohio. The country was then
an almost unbroken wilderness. Under his father's
instructions John learned to read and write, and when
ten years of age, attended a three months' term of
school, it being the first school in that section ; there-
after he attended school each winter, and employed
his evenings in study at home. At the age of sev-
enteen he went to live with a married sister, and for
two years had access to a good library, and was under
refined and cultivating influences. Upon returning
to his home he induced his young associates to meet
on Sabbath afternoons to receive instruction in the
common branches of study, and afterward taught a
winter school with success. He continued to teach
during several years, meantime studying the higher
branches of algebra, geometry, and other sciences,
under an aged Philadelphia teacher, who had settled
near his home.

Having decided to enter the medical profession,
he attended an academy for a time, and later was un-
der medical instruction for several years, meanwhile
defraying his expenses by teaching; and still later
attended lectures at the University of Pennsylva-
nia, graduating with the degree of M.D. Settling at
once at Columbus, Ohio, he began the practice of his
profession, and soon became known as a successful
and skillful physician and surgeon.

Dr. Gruwell early became identified with public
interests, and took an active part in many matters of



THE UNITED STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONART.



719



reform. Having gained a reputation as a speaker
while teaching, he was engaged by the County As-
sociation for the Promotion of Education to lecture
in every school-house in the county on diiferent sys-
tems of education. During early life he was an ear-
nest advocate of the temperance cause, often lectur-
ing on the subject, and became actively engaged in
the cause of abolition when Thompson visited this
country in the interests of that work, and addressed
the public on that subject in the face of raobocracy.
A man of close investigation, he has always been
alive to new truths, and made it his aim to keep pace
with the advance of progress. A close student, he
has, at the same time, practical benevolence, active
sympathy, positiveness,ambition and enterprise. Pos-
sessed of rare social qualities, he is fond of genial
society, and is the center of a large circle of warm
friends. As a physician, he is recognized as able and
cultured, and was at one time engaged as lecturer
on "Anatomy and Physiology of Man," in an insti-
tution of learning. He also gave a course of lectures
on physiology, hygiene, and kindred subjects, in
Penn College, at Oskaloosa, Iowa.

Dr. Gruwell is a man of ordinary physique, being
five feet ten inches in height, well-proportioned, and



weighing one hundred and sixty-five pounds. He
has bluish-gray, penetrating eyes, dark- brown hair
slightly streaked with gray, a sharp voice, and steps
with promptness and energy. His success in life is
attributable to his early domestic training in virtuous
and industrious habits, under the watchful care of a
firm but kind mother. During his twenty-first year,
in meditating on the ways of life, he covenanted
with himself that he would not do as he saw many
doing, wasting their substance in riotous living; that
he would never indulge in profanity, in the use of
tobacco in any form, or of intoxicating liquors — and
has never broken his vow.

On the 24th of May, 1834, he was married accord-
ing to the Friends' ceremony, to Miss Sarah Miller,
the fourth child of Levi Miller and Deborah ne'e
Morris, the latter being a descendant of the West
family ; Benjamin West, the distinguished artist, being
her great-grandmother's brother. Mrs. Gruwell was
born on the 15th of January, 181 1, and has always
been a woman of delicate health. They have three
daughters and one son : Alice P., born on the 9th of
June, 1838; Ann Eliza, born on the i8th of Decem-
ber, 1840; Charles B., born on the i6th of July,
1843, and Ella, born on the 30th of August, 1850.



WILLIAM N. MESERVEY,

FORT DODGE.



WILLIAM NELSON MESERVEY, a promi-
nent journalist of Fort Dodge, Iowa, first saw
the light of this world in Dearborn county, Indiana,
on the i6th of November, 1820. His father, William
Meservey, served five years in the war for independ-
ence. The maiden name of his mother was Cot-
tingham, she being the widow Beacham when she
married Mr. Meservey.

At ten years of age William went to Cincinnati
with an uncle, attended the graded schools of that
city a few years, then clerked in a wholesale dry-
goods store in the same city until twenty. He read
law with Amos Lane, of Lawrenceburg, Indiana,
with his son James, of Kansas notoriety, for a fel-
low student; was admitted to the bar in Cincinnati
in 1843; practiced five years in New Orleans; in
1848 removed to Clinton, Illinois, and merchandized
there until 1853, when he settled in Webster county,
Iowa. That was before Fort Dodge was surveyed
and laid out, and clients were " few and far between "



in Webster county, then embracing two or three
times its present territory. Nevertheless he had
some practice from the start, and his legal business
continued to increase until 1862, when he went into
the United States treasury department, with location
at Monroe, Louisiana, remaining in that position four
years.

In 1866 Mr. Meservey returned to Fort Dodge;
took charge of a newspaper which has had various
names, and is now known as the " Webster County
Gazette," a radical republican paper, whose edito-
rial columns indicate strong brain work. He is a
sharp and able writer.

Mr. Meservey was a democrat until the old flag
was insulted at Fort Sumter, and has since been
ultra republican. His convictions of duty are strong,
and he is frank and outspoken, taking no pains to
conceal his sentiments, political or any other.

At an early day Mr. Meservey served as judge of
Webster county two terms ; all the civil office of any



720



THE UNITED STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONART.



consequence that he would accept since he became
a resident of Iowa.

He passed all the chairs in Odd-Fellowship many
years ago, and belongs to the encampment in the
Masonic order. In religious sentiment, he is a Uni-
versalist, but there is no church of that order in Fort
Dodge with which he can connect himself.

Mr. Meservey was first married in 1840, to Miss
Elizabeth Nelson, of Indiana. She died in 1844,
leaving one daughter, Jane, who is now the wife of
George Green, of Denver, Colorado. His present



wife was Miss Amanda C. Robbins, of Clinton, Illi-
nois. She has had six children, of whom only four
are living. Stillman T. is a druggist in Fort Dodge;
Adolphus F. is a lawyer in the same city ; Alice is
the wife of Oliver M. Welch, of Fort Dodge, and
William is at home attending the graded school.

Mr. Meservey is five feet six and a half inches tall,
rather stout built, and weighs two hundred pounds.
He is a well-read man, not only in law and politics,
but on general subjects, a good converser, and very
genial in the social circle.



HON. JOHN MEYER,

NE WTON.



JOHN MEYER, the present state senator from
Jasper county, is a native of Clinton county,
Pennsylvania, and was born on the 26th of February,
1824. His parents were Valentine and Elizabeth
Hoy Meyer, members of the agricultural class. The
Meyers were originally from Switzerland or Ger-
many, and settled in Berks county, Pennsylvania, two
hundred years ago. The subject of this notice was
educated at Mifflinburgh Academy, Union county,
Pennsylvania, and Oberlin College, Ohio, going to
Oberlin in 1847 and graduating in 1853. He com-
menced teaching school in his twenty-first year and
taught while fitting himself for and passing through
college, thus defraying most of his expenses at that
period. During the last two years at Oberlin he
taught under classes in the college.

On graduating, he married Miss Cornelia Beebee,
of Mount Vernon, Ohio, on the 25th of August, 1853,
and for two or three years was in partnership with
his father-in-law, Ward W. Beebee, a prominent and
successful horticulturist, who afterward settled in
Dubuque, Iowa, where he died in December, 1868.

In April, 1857, Mr. Meyer immigrated to Iowa,
and settled in Newton, which place has since been
his home. Twenty years ago an effort was made to
establish a college at Wittemburg, four miles north
of Newton, under the patronage of the Free Presby-
terians, and Mr. Meyer was engaged as teacher dur-
ing one season.

In 1859 Mr. Meyer commenced business on the
corner of McDonald and Spring streets, and has
never moved.

In August, 1862, Mr. Meyer went into the army
as captain of company K, 28th Iowa Infantry, and



served three years. He was promoted to major in

1863, after the battle of Champion Hills, holding that
commission, together with those of lieutenant-colonel
and colonel, at the close of the war. Besides Cham-
pion Hills he was in the siege of Vicksburg, the bat-
tles of Jackson, Mississippi, and Winchester, Fisher's
Hill and Cedar Creek under General Sheridan in

1864, and several other battles. At the battle of
Cedar Creek, out of eight field officers of his brigade
four were killed, two wounded, he having his sword
struck with a musket ball, and only one of the eight
was untouched.

Major Meyer was elected to the Iowa general
assembly in i86r, and served in the regular and ex-
tra sessions of 1862 ; was a member of the state sen-
ate in 1866 and 1868, and was elected to the same
body in October, 1877, for another term of four years.
He is very attentive to his duties and makes a judi-
cious legislator.

Colonel Meyer has been a member of the school
board of Newton city several years, and its president
most of the time, some of his best work for the pub-
lic having been done in that connection. In many
respects he is a very useful citizen. He has been con-
nected with the Congregational church for twenty-
five years, and most of the time has held some office
in that body, being deacon at this time. He has
lived a very pure life.

In politics. Colonel Meyer was originally a free-soil
whig, and has acted heartily with the republican
party since its formation. He cherishes his political
sentiments with the same sincerity that he does his
religious. While in Ohio in 1856 he took the stump
for Colonel Fremont for the Presidency; was district



THE UNITED STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY.



721



elector in 1868, and spoke in every county in the
district, and usually does more or less canvassing
when an important election, like that of governor or
President, is to take place.

The history of his family is truly sad. Of eight



children, the fruit of the union formed in 1853, only
one child, Cornelia, is living. She is a teacher in
the public schools of Newton, aged twenty. Mrs.
Meyer, like her husband, is an active christian, and
one of the leaders in all benevolent enterprises.



HON. ROBERT SLOAN,

KEOSAU^UA.



ROBERT SLOAN, for the last ten years a cir-
cuit judge, is a son of Robert and Elizabeth
Steapleton Sloan, and was born in Wayne township,
Columbiana county, Ohio, on the 21st of October,
1835. The Sloans are of Scotch-Irish descent. The
great-grandfather of Robert Sloan was an officer with
General Braddock, and was a captain in the revolu-
tionary army. His son, the grandfather of our sub-
ject, was born in the old country ; he emigrated to
this country and settled near Philadelphia. Robert
Sloan, senior, was born in the county of Antrim, Ire-
land, and came to this country when seven years old.

The subject of this notice was employed in farm-
ing until about seventeen years of age, receiving a
common-school education during this time, with one
year's attendance at a high school in New Lisbon,
under Professor Reuben McMillen.

In the spring of 1853 Robert Sloan, senior, im-
migrated with his family from Ohio to Iowa, settling
near lowaville, Davis county; and for the next seven-
teen years teaching was the occupation of his son,
mainly in Davis county.

In i860 he entered the law office of Judge George
G. Wright, of Keosauqua; was admitted to the bar
at this place, the seat of justice of Van Buren coun-
ty, in March, 1861, and was in practice here from



that date until he went on the bench. In the autumn
of 1866 he was elected judge of the first circuit,
second judicial district ; went on the bench in Janu-
ary following ; four years later was elected circuit
judge of the second judicial district; was reelected
in 1876, and his term will not expire until the 31st
of December, 1880. As a lawyer, Judge Sloan is
thoroughly wedded to the profession, and is a studi-
ous, growing man. As a jurist, he is self-possessed
and dignified, full and clear in his charge to a jury.
His popularity on the bench is seen in his repeated
reflections.

Judge Sloan was made a Freemason a short time
after he became of age ; has been master of the
Keosauqua Lodge, and is a Knight Templar. He
has paid, however, of late years, but little atten-
tion to the order, letting nothing interfere with his
studies pertaining to the office of a jurist.

He has acted with the republican party since 1856 ;