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three or four terms in school at Weare, New Hamp-



shire; operated for himself awhile as a merchant,
and in the spring of 1844 removed from Hopkinton
to De Witt. Here he resumed the mercantile busi-
ness on a small scale, De Witt village at that time
having less than fifty inhabitants. His first store
was on Jackson street, facing the public square,
where he remained several years, his family and
goods being under the same roof. For twenty years
or more he has been on Jefferson street, and is one
of the leading merchants in the place, having a
large store well stocked with general merchandise.
For twenty-five years Mr. Butterfield has also dealt
in agricultural implements and machines, being one
of the first men in Clinton county to introduce such
articles, and having been quite successful. A very
large number of farmers in the county have dealt
with him and found him "true as steel."

Mr. Butterfield was county clerk five years ; treas-
urer and recorder four years, when the two offices
were combined ; a member of the board of super-

visors a year or two ; has been mayor of the city,
and held other offices, both city and county, and
has left an untarnished record. He usually votes
with the democratic party. He is a Freemason and
has taken the thirty-second degree.

His wife was Caroline A. Gove, of Deering, New
Hampshire, their marriage taking place in 1843.
They have five children, three of whom are married
and living in De Witt. Dennis G., formerly adju-
tant of the 26th Iowa Infantry, is a grain and lum-
ber dealer ; Mary Jane is the wife of Parley S.
McCracken, and Ann A., of Jay O. Ferrel. Frank-
lin P., a graduate of the Ann Arbor, Michigan, Uni-
versity, is an attorney at De Witt, and Charles is
clerk for his father. The last two are single.

Mr. Butterfield is a man of hardly medium stature,
dark complexion, " snugly built," well-preserved and
" tough as a knot." He has a cheerful disposition,
laughs easily, often and long, believes in sunshine
and aids in making it.



ONE of the town builders of Iowa is Marcus
Tuttle, who selected Clear Lake for his home
when there were not more than half-a-dozen families
here, and no other settlement nearer to the north-
ward or westward than Algona, forty miles distant ;
except eastward, there was no road and. no com-
munication. Clear Lake spread out seemingly in
primeval freshness and wildness, as if poured from
the hollow of God's hand only the day before. On
every other side rolled the prairies, "boundless and
beautiful," challenging the coffers of enterprise and
wooing the hand of industry. Here, thought Mr.
Tuttle, must some day be a watering place, and he
resolved to help make it attractive. Here he com-
menced operations, and his judgment did not lead
him astray.

Mr. Tuttle is the son of Ira Tuttle, a New York
farmer and cheese manufacturer, and was born in
Fairfield, Herkimer county, on the loth of May,
1830. The maiden name of his mother was Lucy
Brockett. The Tuttles were early settlers in New
Haven, Connecticut, and their descendants haye
since spread over most of the western as well as the
eastern states. President Tuttle, of Wabash College,
Crawfordsville, Indiana, and General Tuttle, of Des

Moines, Iowa, are distant relatives of the subject of
this sketch.

Ira Tuttle moved to Clinton, Oneida county, New
York, when his son was about twelve years old. Like
many farmer boys in those days, the lad's opportuni-
ties for education were very limited from ten to six-
teen years of age, consisting of three months' school-
ing in the winter. At the latter age, his time being
given him by his father, by working out in the sum-
mer and teaching in the winter, carefully saving his
hard-earned wages, he paid his own expenses for
two terms at the Whitestown Seminary, purposing at
that time to go through college. But at the age of
eighteen, his father, having become financially em-
barrassed by the hard times, and being in danger of
losing his home, insisted that Marcus should give up
his ideas of further literary pursuits and help save
the farm for the family. This he consented to do,
though with great reluctance, and has since regarded
this as the greatest disappointment of his life. By
dint of the hardest work, foregoing most of the
amusements and innocent pleasures so congenial to
the youthful taste, the son succeeded in clearing the
property of debt, and removing the anxiety of his

(^Z^i CL<A.^




Being a great reader from childhood, and becom-
ing familiar with the glowing pictures of the rising
west, he at length made up his mind that here was
the field for his future operations. Early in 1855,
having sold his farm, and finding himself possessor
of. a little fortune of three thousand dollars, and a
wife whom he had chosen four years before, he
crossed the " Father of Waters" into Iowa, and leav-
ing his wife in Johnson county, he found his El
Dorado at Clear Lake, in May of that year, where
his wife joined him two months later. He com-
menced opening a farm of two hundred acres on
the eastern shore of the lake. Two years later he
assisted in laying out the town of Clear Lake, part
of which was situated on his own land, and since
1857 one branch of his business has been the buy-
ing and selling of real'estate, in which he has been
an extensive and successful operator. During all
this time he has cultivated more or less land, partly
by the aid of hired help and partly through renters ;
he has been constantly on the alert and actively en-
gaged in supplying the wants of Clear Lake, and
has very largely .contributed to the growth of the
village. At an early day he saw that a saw-mill was
indispensable, so he bought a steam one, moved it
hither, and run it several years. The first merchant
who settled here failed in a short time and moved
away, leaving the place without merchandise. In
this emergency, though having his hands already
pretty full, Mr. Tuttle purchased a stock of goods,
and continued in mercantile trade until the spring
of 1876. He has been interested in almost every
enterprise that promised to build up the place; and
his energy and indomitable will seemed to make him
successful in everything that he undertook.

Mr. Tuttle was county judge many years ago,
holding the office for two years. He held the posi-
tion of assessor of internal revenue from the crea-
tion of the office, in the early part of the civil war,
until the autumn of 1867, when he resigned in con-
sequence of being elected state senator. He was
in the senate four years, and was chairman of the
committee on commerce, and a member of the com-
mittee on railroads, and the committee on constitu-
tional amendments, etc. While in that body his
great interest centered in the railroad committee, he
working very hard to secure the grant of land for
what is now the Iowa and Dakota branch of the Chi-
cao^o, Milwaukee and St. Paul railroad, an enterprise
which brought this thoroughfare to Clear Lake in
1 87 1. He also favored and helped to secure the

passage of a bill to amend the state constitution so
as to extend right of suffrage to females. The next
general assembly, however, defeated the final com-
pletion of the measure. The school laws of Iowa are
conceded to be among the best in the Union, and
among, them is the present county high-school law,
which was framed by Mr. Tuttle, and by him care-
fully guarded until its final passage.

The interests of Mr. Tuttle have been with north-
ern Iowa as well as his adopted home ; his views
are broad and comprehensive, and he and many
others of like forecast and energy have seen great
and most happy results from their untiring efforts.
The world has seldom seen anything that exceeded
the growth of northern Iowa during the last twenty

Mr. Tuttle has always been a republican, and is
both active and influential in the party, being usually
a delegate to its county and state conventions.

He is a member of the Methodist church, and a
trustee of the same. But his religious views are of
the broad and liberal type that leads him to think
and act for himself, regardless of whether it con-
forms to the creed of one church or another. As a
worker in sabbath-school, and in the temperance
cause, no man stands higher in Cerro Gordo county.

He is a strict temperance man, and is opposed to
the use of tobacco.

His wife, of whom mention has been made, was
Miss Caroline M. Warner, of Otselic, Chenango
county. New York, their union taking place on the
4th of FeTjruary, 185 1. She seems to have been
admirably adapted for a helpmeet for one who
must be self-made, if made at all. She is a noble
Christian woman, the mother of three children now
living, and of offe child, their first-born, whose bu-
rial caused the breaking of the first sod in the Clear
Lake cemetery.

The twenty-fifth anniversary of the marriage of
Mr. and Mrs. Tuttle occurred on the 4th of Febru-
ary, 1876, and was observed by a large attendance
of friends and a generous supply of gifts. The in-
terest of the occasion was greatly enhanced by the
happy surprise and marriage of the eldest child.
Rose, to Mr. G. B. Mcintosh, of Cerro Gordo

In less than a week after Mrs. Tuttle arrived at
Clear Lake she had quite a "scare." She and one
or two other women were in the cabin, and all the
men away : her husband at Mason City, and two or
three other men in the field. Suddenly a dozen

2 14


Sioux Indians walked into the cabin, looked around,
made themselves free with provisions, took down two
or three guns which hung overhead, and wanted to
buy the best one ; but it was Mr. Tuttle's new and
favorite fowling-piece, and she would not part with
It. They then went out-of-doors, after pilfering a
few things, and carefully loaded their own guns.
About this time two of the men returned from the
field. A small grindstone lay on the ground, and
one of the Indians picked it up and tried to break
off a small piece by letting it fall on a log. He did
not succeed, but .the white man, Mr. D., reproved
him, when he caught up the stone and was making
off with it. Mr. D. had a scuffle with him, and suc-
ceeded in wresting the grindstone from him, when
the Indian knocked his hat off with a club. Mr.
D. thereupon threw, the grindstone at him, and
for some time he lay as though dead. The other
Indians then became boisterous, and made some
threats, but by-and-by the wounded Indian arose,
and at length the whole squad left, taking some
plunder with them, threatening a speedy return and
revenge. About this time Mr. Tuttle returned, and
having ascertained what had transpired, he took

all the women in a rustic vehicle and hastened
back to Mason City, and before midnight he was
at Clear Lake again with all the men in Mason
City who had arms to bear. That night about
twenty-five men, all told, watched till morning for
the return of the savages. They did not come, and
the next forenoon it was resolved to go to them.
Following their trail, they were found a few miles
away, hunting on Lime creek. The chief met them,
very much frightened, heard their demands, restored
all the, pilfered property not eaten or destroyed,
paid for what they could not restore, and departed,
never to return.

Mr. Tuttle has seen the village of Clear Lake ex-
pand from half-a-dozen log cabins to two or three
hundred frame houses, and, scattered among them,
neat little churches, large hotels and brick blocks,
and every sign of thrift. At the end of twenty-
two years he finds himself in the center of one of the
most popular summer resorts in the northwest, and
increasing in attractiveness every season. In the
summer of 1877 the Methodists held a national camp-
meeting, and the Sunday-school people an interna-
tional convention at Clear Lake.



HENRY C. BULIS, a son of Hiram L. and
Amanda (Reynolds) Bulis, is a native of New
York, and was born at Chazy, Clinton county, on
the 14th of November, 1830. His maternal grand-
father was a soldier in the revolutionary war. Hi-
ram L. Bulis was a farmer, and moved to Alburgh,
Grand Isle county, Vermont, when Henry was six-
teen years old. A year or two later, after aiding
his father in the more busy season, and attending
the common school during the winter, the son spent
four years in teaching, and in attending different
academies. At twenty-one he commenced studying
medicinewith Dr. A. C. Butler, of Alburgh, attending
lectures subsequently at Woodstock, and graduating
in the summer of 1854. In October of the same
year Dr. Bulis settled in Decorah, and has prac-
ticed here since that date, when not discharging offi-
cial duties outside his profession.

When the law creating the office of county super-
intendent of public schools went into force, Dr.
Bulis was the first man to fill it. He served three

years. He was a member of the county board of
supervisors several years ago. In 1865 he was
elected state senator, and by reelection served, six
years, resigning in the middle of his second term
to take the office of lieutenant-governor, to which the
people had called him. While in the upper branch
of the general assembly he was at one time chair-
man of the committee on claims, and at another, of
the committee on state university. He did espe-
cially good service on the latter committee ; a warm
friend of education, and being generous and broad
in his views on the subject, he earnestly advocated
the appropriation bills, and every measure calculated
to advance the interests of the university. Part of
the time while in the senate he served as its presi-
dent pro tem., and was in that position when placed
in the chair of lieutenant-governor. He has been
a trustee and regent of the university ; he was ex-
amining surgeon for pensions from 1865 to 1876,
and is now president of the Iowa State Medical



Dr. Bulis has always been a republican, and, as
will be seen by this sketch, much of the time since
he has been in Iowa he has been a favorite of the
party. He has been very serviceable, not to his party
or the state alone. On the 25th of August, 1876,
he was appointed a member of the Sioux Indian
commission, and aided essentially in forming, a few
weeks later, the treaty with them by which they
ceded the Black Hills, and granted the right of way
to the same of three different routes. The service
which the doctor rendered in securing this treaty

can hardly be overestimated, and is regarded as the
crowning act of his life.

On the loth of September, 1854, he married Miss
Laura A. Adams, of Champlain, New York. She
had three children, and died in 1861. Two of her
children survive her. On the 17th of June, 1863, he
married Miss Harriet S. Adams, sister of his first

The services which Dr. Bulis has rendered to the
county, the state, and the country, will long keep his
name in remembrance.



TAMES LATIMUS HOGIN, for many years a
J distinguished member of the Masonic order, and
in 1854 grand master of Iowa, was born in Kent
county, Delaware, on the 7th of March, 1801 ; his
parents bein^ John Hogin and Elizabeth nde Christ-
field. His father was a distinguished and zealous
minister of the Methodist church, and preached the
gospel with great success in the states of Maryland
and Delaware, throughout his lifetime. He died at
an early age, however, in the year 1810, when our
subject was but a lad. He was a man of deep piety,
great force of character, influential in his community,
and a leading spirit in his denomination. The
grandfather of John Hogin, the great-grandfather
of our subject, was a native of north Ireland, and
of Scotch ancestry. About the year 1750 he emi-
grated from Londonderry to the colony of Delaware,
where his descendants remained for three genera-
tions, but they have since nearly all immigrated to
the western and southwestern states, where many of
them have become men of note and distinction.
The mother of James L. Hogin was a daughter of
John Christfield, a native of England, who immigrated
to Maryland a short time previous to the revolution.
She was a lady of great force and individuality of
character, a leader and exhorter in the Methodist
Episcopal church, and, moreover, of unusual edu-
cation and literary attainments for her day.

Both families were strong patriots during the re-
volutionary struggle, and several of them bore arms
in the cause of the colonies.

James Latimus Hogin received but a limited edu-
cation in early life, and during his minority learned
the boot and shoe making trade, at which he worked'

for many years ; but he was always a diligent student,
and noted as a lover of books. Even when poor
and earning but a scanty livelihood he was con-
tinually adding to his stock of historical and stand-
ard books, and in after years possessed one of the
finest libraries in the west, and was recognized as
among the most intellectual' and generally informed
men of the day.

In March, 1819, he removed to Indiana, and lo-
cated in Brookville, Franklin county, of that state,
where he worked at his trade of shoemaking for a
number of years. He afterward engaged in mer-
chandising, a pursuit which' he followed as long as
he continued in business, and from which he realized
a reasonable competency upon which to retire when
declining years came upon him. In the spring of
1832 he removed to Indianapolis, and continued in
business there till 1845, '«'hen he removed to Dan-
ville, where he remained till his removal to Iowa,
which occurred in the spring 61 1850 ; in which year
he located at Sigourney, where he made his home
and passed the remainder of his lifetime, enjoying
the esteem and confidence of his fellow-citizens.

Of a modest and diffident nature, he shrank from
public notice, yet the importunities of his fellow-
citizens of Keokuk county pressed him into their
service, and he was elected to the state senate in
the autumn of 1854, and served with distinction
two regular and one special session in that body.
Among the measures which he favored and con-
tributed very materially to the success of, was the
geological survey of the state. For his efforts in
this direction he had the thanks of Governor Grimes
and the scientific men of the state generally, and is



deserving of the gratitude of all citizens interested
in the material progress of Iowa.

But, as already intimated, it was as a Mason that
he was especially distinguished. On the nth of
November, 1822, he was initiated into the mysteries
of that ancient and benevolent order, in Harmony
Lodge No. II, Brookville, Indiana, where he served
the craft in many capacities, and for two years as
worshipful master.

On moving to Indianapolis in 1832 he found
Masonry at a low stage of existence there. A lodge
had once existed, but it had been suffered to go
down and its charter forfeited. He soon revived
the dying embers, however, and in the spring of 1833
united with others in petitioning the grand lodge
for a renewal of its charter, which was granted. Of
this lodge, which was known as Centre Lodge No.
23, he was the presiding officer for four years. In

1835 he was a member of the grand lodge, and in

1836 he was elected most worshipful grand master
of Indiana, showing most conclusively his ability
and the high a^jpreciation of his brethren of that

In the winter following his removal to Danville,
with others he petitioned the grand lodge for leave
to organize a new lodge, which received the name
of Western Star No. 26, over which he presided for
three years.

His chief regret in removing from Indiana was in
severing his masonic associations, which had ever
been pleasant, but he was agreeably surprised at find-
ing Masonry so flourishing in his new home ; and
in 1851 he, with six others, received from the grand
lodge of Iowa, a dispensation for the organization
of Hogin Lodge No. 32, at Sigourney. Of this or-
ganization, named for him by his brethren, he was
the master for several years. He represented it in
the grand lodge in 185 1 and 1852, was deputy
grand master in 1853, and elected grand master of
the state in 1854.

He was made a Royal-Arch Mason in McMillan
Chapter No. 2, Cincinnati, Ohio, on the 2d of May,
1836. On the 19th of December of the same year
he received the degree of royal and select master
in Cincinnati Council No. i, and on the 21st of
August, 1848, he was knighted in Roper Encamp-
ment No. I — as commanderies were then and until
1856 called — at Indianapolis. He was one of the
organizers of De Molay Commandery No. i at Mus-
catine, Iowa, and assisted greatly in the introduction
and extension of knighthood in Iowa.

In religious faith, his preference was for the Epis-
copal church ; but as there was no congregation of
that church where he resided, he attended the
Methodist Episcopal church, of which his wife was
a member, for many years.

In politics, he was raised in the whig school, and
afterward embraced the principles of the republic-
an party, with which he acted during the remainder
of his lifetime.

Mr. Hogin died at the home of his son, B. R.
Hogin, in Sigourney, on the 17th of December, 1876.

On the 3d of September, 1822, Mr. Hogin married
Miss Eliza, daughter of John Crouch, Esq., of Wells-
burg, Virginia, who in after life manumitted his
slaves and removed to Ohio. She was a well-edu-
cated woman, of high intellectual attainments, a
zealous and exemplary member of the Methodist
Episcopal church, and led a blameless and useful
life. Her social qualities were highly developed,
and she was the center of a large circle of friends,
who looked up to her as a leader and counselor;
she died in 1864. One of her brothelrs, Benjamin
T. Crouch, was an eminent minister in the Meth-
odist Episcopal church in Kentucky for many years.
He filled the office of presiding elder for a pro-
longed period, and for sixteen years successively
represented his conference in the general conferences
of the church, previous to its division into " North"
and " South." He was also president of the Tran-
sylvania College in that state for a number of years.
A half-brother of Mrs. Hogin's, named G. C. Beeks,
is still a prominent minister in the same church in

Mrs. Hogin was the mother of twelve children,
eleven of whom lived to maturity, and eight of whom
are still living : John Christfield, the eldest, is a
prosperous merchant in Sigourney ; Catherine Noble,
the second, was married to Samuel, A. Russell, of
Des Moines, and died in 1870; Caroline Norton is
the wife of Dr. N. Henton, residing at Albany, Ore-
gon ; Elvira A. is the wife of William M. Wells,
Esq., of Oskaloosa, Iowa ; James L., junior, who had
been bred to the profession of pharmacy, died in
1861 ; Mary is the wife of F. B. Mathews, Esq., of Si-
gourney ; Cornelia E. is the wife of Rev. C. W. Shaw,
of Salem, Oregon ; George B. is a druggist in New-
ton, Iowa, who entered the Union army early in the
late war as quartermaster-sergeant of the 13th Iowa
Infantry, and rose to the command of his company,
and later was elevated to the position of paymaster,
with the rank of major ; Juliett W. is the wife of A. C.



Romig, Esq., of Abilene, Kansas ; William F. was
captain of company F, 8th Iowa Volunteer Infantry,
and was killed at the battle of Shilo, Tennessee,
on the 6th of April, 1862, having just reached
his majority, — he was a youth of great promise, a
gallant soldier and an estimable gentleman ; Benja-
min R., the youngest, is a successful drug merchant
in Sigourney, — he was a member of the 9th Iowa
Cavalry, in which he served with fidelity some
eighteen months.

James L. Hogin was one of nature's noblemen ;
living an upright and honorable life, he impressed
his character upon all around him, and did much to
build up the town and county in which he cast his
lot ; and to-day many rise up and call him blessed
in their pleasing memories of his genial intercourse
with them. He was of fine form, majestic in figure,
and grave, earnest and dignified in manner. In all

the relations of life he was a true man and a per-
fect gentleman. A business partner of his wrote of
him that " for forty years, as a merchant, whether