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dlebury, Scoharie county. New York, on the 5th of
February, 1830. His father, Stephen Woodward,
was teaching there temporarily, his home being in
Hanover, New Hampshire. The mother's name was
Ethelinda Ely Woodward. The father of Jerome,
who was a farmer, but accustomed to teach school
in the winters, moved to Tunbridge, Orange county,
Vermont, when the son was seven years old. ' The
lad worked on the farm and attended school until
he was fifteen, when Jie fitted for college at Kimball
Union Academy, Meriden, New Hampshire, but
never entered.

Mr. Woodward came to the west in 1850, and
taught school and read law in Janesville, Wisconsin,

38



for three years. He was admitted to the bar in
Rock county in 1853, and removed to Independ-
ence, Buchanan county, Iowa, in September of the
same year, his entire capital consisting of six law
books and twelve and a half cents. To-day he is
perfectly independent. He has practiced law, most
of the time alone, for twenty-three years, rarely
turning aside from legal pursuits, even for a few
months. The very few offices he has held he was
strongly urged to accept. When he settled in Iowa
there was a prosecuting attorney in every county,
instead of one, as now, for each judicial district,
and Mr. Woodward held that office for Buchanan
county the second year that he was in the state. In
the autumn of 1857 he was elected to the lower
house of the general assembly, and took a prominent
part in its discussions and more solid work. He
was a delegate to the national convention which
renominated Mr. Lincoln in 1864. He has been
solicited to accept the nomination for different
offices, but has firmly withheld his consent. His
tastes are for the legal profession, and in that he is
second to no man in the district.

Mr. Woodward is an Odd-Fellow, but has never
aspired to position in the order.

He is a member of no church, but has a prefer-
ence for the Universalist doctrine.

He was a whig, then a republican, to which party
he still adheres.



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THE UNITED STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONART.



On the 6th of December, 1855, he was united in
marriage to Miss Caroline A. Morse, of Independ-
ence, a woman held in high esteem by her neighbors.
They have had five children, two of whom are dead.

Mr. Woodward is of medium height and good
proportions, has a dark complexion, black eyes, a



kindly expression, and a pleasant smile for all. His
disposition is social, and he is a man in whom
society finds a rich entertainer. He has one of the
best houses in the interior of Iowa, with delightful
surroundings, and with his little family has an Eden
of comfort.



JOSHUA M. RICE,

L rONS.



TOSHUA MOODY RICE, son of Elijah and
J Mary (Prescott) Rice, was born in New
Hampshire on the 12th of -July, 1807. Both his
paternal and maternal ancestors were of English
origin, and were among the earliest settlers of
New Hampshire. The paternal grandfather was
a soldier in the revolutionary war, and served
under Washington during the whole of that pro-
tracted struggle. When our subject was nine years
of age the family removed from New Hampshire
to Manlius, New York. The son having acquired
at the common school a rudimentary English edu-
cation, was at an early age apprenticed to learn the
carpenter's trade; he also learned the cabinetmaker's
trade, at which he worked during the winter, when,
owing to the inclemency of the weather, out-door
work was impossible. He continued laboring with
his father until 1829, when he was married to Sarah
Ann, only daughter of Eleazer Gudney, and early
in the same year located at Phoenix, Oswego county,
New York, in the building up and improvement of
which village he took an active part. Having met
with an accident which incapacitated him from
physical labor, he, some three or four years later,
entered into the mercantile business, in which he
was constantly engaged for the following sixteen
years, and was not only burdened with the duties
of his own extensive affairs, but at the same time
held several public offices of trust and responsi-
bility.

About this time, his brother having become some-
what involved pecuniarily, Mr. Rice purchased all
his interests and started him in business in Lyons,
Iowa, which business during the following year he
took in his own hands, employing his brother as a
clerk.

In 1856, having established himself permanently
in Lyons, Iowa, he closed up his mercantile busi-
ness in his former residence, and soon after entered



upon several enterprises in different localities. He
established one mercantile house in Fulton, another
in Rochelle, Illinois, and still a third one in Thomp-
son, Iowa. In all these various and extensive busi-
ness enterprises he was remarkably successful, and
the extent and variety of his transactions, and the
admirable manner in which they were managed,
furnish sufficient proof of his comprehensive intel-
lect and thorough business capacity.

During the rebellion his business was greatly en-
larged and extended, and he was enabled to reap
immense benefits from his mercantile and also from
other investments. Through the financial crisis of
1857, his sterling integrity, and indomitable energy
and industry, carried him successfully and triumph-
antly, with his financial reputation unimpaired, and
his business operations uninterrupted.

In 1861 he disposed of his several interests in
the adjacent localities, and purchased the block
where his store is now located. Here he continued
doing business until his death, which event occurred
on the 6th of September, 1874, at the age of sixty-
seven years.

His widow, who has been an active and silent
partner in most of his business career, survives
him; and to her may be ascribed his first achieve-
ment in life. It was his wife's patrimony, and his
own limited. accumulations, that enabled him at the
beginning to embark in mercantile pursuits.

Mr. Rice was emphatically a self-made man. He
relied upon his own energy and industry for suc-
cess; and in his life, as well as in his business
career, he has verified the maxim that honesty is
not only the best policy, but the only policy. Espe-
cially to the young men in his employ he has ever
been a true friend and benefactor, and they remem-
ber him with affection and veneration.

He was a man universally esteemed and respected
by all who knew him. In business transactions his




V/c



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THE UNITED STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONART.



283



advice was sought by his neighbors, and his loss is
painfully felt in the entire community in which he
resided. He was a public-spirited citizen, taking
an active interest in every improvement calculated
to benefit society. Kind, sympathetic and benevo-
lent, he labored not only for himself, but equally
for the benefit of others, as many a young man can
testify who has been the recipient of his benefac-
tions.

In religious matters, he was a liberal supporter of
church organizations, although not a member of any
denomination. He was an active and esteemed
member of the fraternity of Odd-Fellows.



In politics, he was a decided republican, although
not a partisan; he believed and had faith in repub-
lican institutions, and entertained principles in har-
mony with that party.

He possessed a delicate physique, the result of
years of physical suffering. Yet, with all his lame-
ness and other ailments, he endured labor, and
rarely, if ever, failed to be attentive to the business
duties of his vocation.

His remains are interred in the family burying-
ground, in the cemetery at Lyons, Iowa, and his
grave is marked by an imposing monument, erected
to his memory by his disconsolate widow.



CYRUS HAWLEY,

MUSCATINE.



CYRUS HAWLEY was born at Norfolk, Con-
necticut, on the 16th of October, 1808, and is
the son of E. P. Hawley and Irene nde Frisbie. His
father was a farmer, a man of plain manners, vir-
tuous and industrious habits, a strict member of the
Congregational church, a good citizen, and a civil,
obliging neighbor. He lived respected and died at
a good old age, leaving the legacy of a good name
and a good example to his children, and which was
nearly all he had to bequeath.

Mr. Hawley is descended from English ancestors,
who settled in Farmington, Connecticut, about two
hundred years ago, and where a colony of the
descendants still reside, though large numbers of
them have immigrated to all parts of the Union.
Many have become .distinguished in the different
professions, while a still greater number have suc-
cessfully followed commercial pursuits.

The Frisbie family are also of English origin, and
settled in Norwich, Connecticut, about the same
time. They were generally men of education and
distinction. The Rev. Levi Frisbie, a grand-uncle
of our subject, was a Congregational clergyman of
considerable note during the latter part of the last
century, and an elder brother of his was a success-
ful surgeon, and served in the army during the
revolutionary war. Both the Hawleys and the
Frisbies were largely represented in the colonial
army during that memorable struggle.

Cyrus Hawley spent his youth after the manner
of most New England boys, working on the farm
in summer and attending the snow-drifted country



school-house in winter. The common school edu-
cation of the New England system in practice fifty
years ago, added to the liberal and polished course
pursued in the academy, so admirably fitted hun-
dreds of New England boys for the duties and
higher work which they have so signally performed,
and the rank they have sustained in every profession
and branch of industry in every state of the Union,
during the last half century, that it may well be
questioned whether the popular collegiate course of
to-day, with its larger expense and necessarily pro-
longed seclusion from the active affairs of life, has
proved a wise substitute. Suffice it to say that in
the common schools, and at one of the best of
Litchfield county academies, a county celebrated
for its educational facilities, Mr. Hawley received
his training for the business of life. For several
winters previous to the age of nineteen he taught a
district school, but in 1827 he entered the employ-
ment of the celebrated Collins (axe) Manufacturing
Co. of Hartford, and traveled for that firm over six
years, and at the age of twenty-three he had by
economy and prudent management saved the large
sum of fifteen hundred dollars out of his salary.
Out of this sura, with a liberality that became a life
characteristic, he contributed twelve hundred dollars
toward the education of his sisters, an investment
which he has been heard to describe as the most
satisfactory of his whole life. It served imme-
diately and indirectly to qualify them for distin-
guished places as teachers, fitted them for the
higher walks of life, as the wives of men of educa-



284



THE UNITED STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DICTION AR



tion and influence; and as accomplished christian
women they still wield a powerful influence for good
m the respective circles in which they move.

During his connection with this firm Mr. Hawley
traveled over twelve thousand miles in the south-
west for his employers, mostly in stages and canal
boats.

In 1834 he began business on his own account
as a book merchant in Louisville, Kentucky, but in
1837 the wave of financial embarrassment, which
traveled in that era of canal boats and stage coaches
at the rate of one hundred miles a day, approached
Louisville, and precipitated all business into a gen-
eral ruin. It required until 1840 to close up his
business, when he joined his brother-in-law, Dr.
William Wilson, of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, in in-
vestments at Muscatine, Iowa. This speculation,
involving three thousand dollars, proved disastrous,
and left him to the resources of manual labor.
Pluckily he faced the situation. We find it recorded
in his diary that for five years he worked sixteen
hours a day, fighting the vulture at every turn of
the wheel. In 1850, having accumulated a few hun-
dred dollars, he engaged in the manufacture of
brick, which he continued until 1863, when he
established in Muscatine his justly celebrated and
successful fire and life insurance agency, which is
continued till this day. In this business he has had
associated with him Messrs. J. P. Dawson, Henry
Hoover and M. W. Griffin; the two last named
gentlemen, together with our subject, constituting
the present firm of Hawley, Hoover and Co. This
agency, under its able management, has grown to
be one of the largest and most popular in the coun-
try, its transactions covering a wider territory and
greater values than that of any similar concern in
the same region.

In September, 1835, Mr. Hawley was married at
Louisville, Kentucky, to Miss Martha J. Wilson, of
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, who died in September,
1850. Of this marriage there were issue seven chil-
dren, five girls and two boys. Four of the daugh-
ters survive, and are now the wives of the following
named gentlemen : Ellen M. is the wife of Franklin
E. Humphrys, Esq.; Theodosia I. is the wife of
Frank L. Woodward, Esq. ; Louisa Blanch is the
wife of Captain W. E. Clarke, and Martha Jeff'rey is
the wife of Edward E. Homes, Esq. One of the
sons died at the age of thirteen, and the other,
William, entered the Union army at the outbreak of
the late rebellion, and was killed at the battle of



r.



Kenesaw Mountain on the 4th of July, 1864, at the
age of seventeen years. He fills the grave of one
of the youngest and noblest martyrs to the cause of
freedom who fell during that sanguinary struggle.

In March, 1852, he was married to Miss Elizabeth
Meteer, of Bluegrass, Scott county, Iowa, by whom
he has had five children, two only of whom survive,
Frances E. and Cyrus W.

Although brought up according to the strictest
tenets of New England Congregationalism, and
under the most pious and zealous teachers, yet it
was not until 1851 that he made a profession of
religion, and then he united with the Congregational
church at Muscatine, not because he found in its
creed a response to all his religious longings, but its
high standards pleased him, and he had come to
think more of the spirit of a religious profession
than of its letter.

In politics, he delighted in the name of a Henry
Clay whig, and cast his vote for that gentleman
when a candidate for President. He subsequently
voted for Taylor, Fremont, Lincoln, Grant, .Greeley
and Tilden. He now indorses the policy of Presi-
dent Hayes. We do not know that he ever held an
office. It is his distinction that he has remained in
the ranks, satisfied with the editorials of the New
York " Tribune," and the speeches of Henry Clay,
and proud to be of the constituency of Sumner. It
will be a grand day for the American republic when
her people shall, in military parlance, " dress " to
the personal honor and christian patriotism of Cyrus
Hawley.

Physically he is a man of .slender and wiry
framework, rather above middle height, of fair
complexion, bright eye and' pleasant expression;
benevolence and honesty beaming from every angle
of his countenance. He has been a man of great
endurance under many forms of exposure. His
temperament was elastic, his will firm and perse-
vering. Despising all hardships and dangers, he
was willing to make any personal sacrifice to make
an honest and an honorable record for himself and
family.

In the foregoing brief outline we have done but
little toward sketching a portrait of Cyrus Hawley,
or measuring his influence upon his day and gener-
ation. He died on the 23d of October, 1877, in the
seventieth year of his age. Through life he was a
close student of men and things, and in whatever
circle he moved the influence of a liberal culture
and of a cosmopolitan experience has been felt.



THE UNITED STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONART.



285



His opinions have been sought after and received as
the convictions of a catholic nature, thoroughly in
sympathy with the best thoughts and the most desir-
able works of his time.



And who that has passed an hour in hib presence,
so gentle and refined, will question his claim to the
grand old title of gentleman, while they mourn the
loss of an upright man ?



WASHINGTON F. PECK, M.D.,

DAVENPORT.



WASHINGTON FREEMAN PECK, pro-
fessor of surgery and clinical surgery in the
medical department Iowa State University, and a
practitioner of much prominence in the state, was
born in the town of Galen, Wayne county. New
York, on the 22d of January, 1841, and is the son
of William H. and Alida (Hawes) Peck, natives of
the same place ; the former of Scotch descent, some
three generations previously, while the latter is of
Dutch lineage, the Hawes family having emigrated
from Amsterdam to New York city previous to the
revolution, where the maternal grandfather of our
subject, Simon Hawes, served as a captain in the
revolutionary army.

His father was a farmer in easy circumstances,
and our subject received a good common-school
education. He had from an early age manifested a
decided taste and aptitude for that particular branch
of learning which relates to the heajing art, which
determined him in the choice of a profession, and
accordingly in 1859 he commenced the study of
medicine and surgery, entering the Bellevue Hospi-
tal Medical College, New York, where he graduated
in the session of 1862-3 ^'^h the highest honors,
and was the first student who matriculated' in the
first medical school in this country which success-
fully achieved the experiment of combining inti-
mately clinical with didactic teaching. His aptness
as a student and his especial talents for the pro-
fession which he had chosen may be inferred from
the fact that after attending one course of lectures
he was received as a cadidate by the board of ex-
aminers for the position of house surgeon in Belle-
vue and Blackwell's Island hospitals ; and notwith-
standing the fact that the rules had hitherto re-
stricted applications for this honorable and important
place to such candidates as had already obtained
the degree of M.D., yet after a searching compet-
itive examination, in which a large number of much
older men participated, Washington F. Peck, the
first undergraduate, was awarded the position. In



this capacity he served with unflagging diligence
and marked success for two years' without com-
pensation, except in the wealth of experience and
the incalculably valuable discipline which the posi-
tion afforded him — undoubtedly the most useful and
practical lessons of his life, largely influencing him
in selecting that branch of the profession in which
he has become especially proficient. After leaving
Bellevue Hospital he served as surgeon in the United
States army for a period- of eighteen months, prin-
cipally at Lincoln General Hospital, District of Co-
lumbia, where he was a prominent and very suc-
cessful operator.

In 1864 he removed to the west, and located at
Davenport, Iowa, where he immediately entered
upon a large and lucrative practice, his talents and
attainments naturally placing him in the front ranks
of the profession. In 1868 he was elected professor
of surgery and clinical surgery in the medical depart-
ment of the Iowa State University, which position
he has since filled with the highest satisfaction and
benefit to the institution, also filling the position of
dean of the faculty during the same period. Has
been visiting surgeon to the Mercy Hospital, Daven-
port, since its organization, consulting surgeon of the
Mercy Hospital, Iowa City, and for eight years surgeon
of the Iowa Soldiers' Orphans' Home. On the ist
of January, 1875, he was appointed surgeon-in-chief
of the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific railroad,
in which capacity he has rendered excelle'nt service.
During the year 1874 he was president of the Scott
County Medical Society, and is now (1876) president
of the Iowa State Medical Society. He delivered
the centennial address to the last-named organiza-
tion at its annual meeting held at Des Moines on
the 26th of January, 1876. The records of that
society bear evidence of yearly papers from him con-
nected with the art of surgery.

He has passed through the various orders of
Masonry, and is a distinguished craftsman of that
order.



286



THE UNITED STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY.



He is not an active politician, but is known to be
in sympathy with the principles of the republican
party.

On the i8th of September, 1865, he married Miss
Maria Purdy, daughter of the late Merritt Purdy, of
West Butler, Wayne county, New York, a most esti-
mable and gifted lady. They have three children,
Jessie Allen, Mary Alida, and Robertson Irish.

Dr. Peck is of Scotch ancestry on the male side,
and in his qualities shows perhaps as noble a type
of the Scottish ideal as has ever been seen. He
brings to his profession a very high order of talents,
giving him an almost intuitive correctness in diag-
nosis, and a large fund of resource in treatment of
diseases, and in many instances a rare originality,
which would challenge a wide admiration did he
possess leisure and disposition to write his views and
experience in such cases. He is likewise character-
ized by rare enthusiasm, wielding immense power
over the minds and wills of others, while his singu-
lar personal magnetism attracts to him friends of
the most diverse character. He has an indomitable
will, and an energy that never tires. In his vo-
cabulary there is no such word as "fail." To all of
which may be added a large fund of ready wit and
native shrewdness, which makes him an apt judge



of human character. As a friend, he is staunch and
unflinching, and as an opponent, uncompromising
and inexorable. With him there is no neutral ground
in any of the relations of life. His literary and
professional works, when he does find time to ap-
pear in print, are of the very highest order, always
original and eminently practical. His address above
alluded to was a complete resume of the march of
progress of the profession during the century just
closed, and as a history of the various discoveries
and triumphs of science for the benefit of the race,
and its enumeration of the stale and mouldy theories
that have been distanced and dropped altogether
from the practice during the lifetime of the republic,
it deserves to take a very high rank, and might be
profitably read by every medical student and intelli-
gent citizen in the land.

It is seldom that a man so young in the pro-
fession attains to the same distinction. He has
performed successfully some of the greatest opera-
tions in surgery hundreds of times ; his reputation
in this respect extending far beyond the limits of
the commonwealth, and being justly high among his
professional brethren.

Socially, there are few more generous, warmhearted
and faithful friends than Dr. W. F. Peck.



SUEL FOSTER,

MUSCATINE..



SUEL FOSTER, horticulturist, was born in the
town of Hillsboro, New Hampshire, on the
26th of August, 1811, being the eighth child of
Aaron Foster and Mehetable nee Nichols. The
family is of English origin, the great-grandfather of
our subject, with two brothers, having emigrated to
Massachusetts previous to the revolution, where a
large colony of the descendants still remain. Sev-
eral of them fought in the war for independence,
and were subsequently conspicuous in the councils
of the state and nation.

The mother of our subject was descended on the
female side from Bancroft stock, and was a full
cousin to the distinguished American historian and
diplomatist, George Bancroft. His father was a
farmer, and had eight sons and two daughters, all of
whom were brought up in habits of industry and mo-
rality. Like many New England farmers, with large
families, his means were limited, and the education



of his children was confined mainly to the public
schools, at that time greatly inferior to what they
now are; yet notwithstanding the difficulties alluded
to, three of the sons succeeded in obtaining educa-
tions qualifying them for professions, one being a
clergyman of the Congregational church, another a
physician, and the third a West Point cadet.

When a boy Suel used to rejoice in a rainy day,
in which he and his brothers were wont to go fish-
ing for pike, trout, pickerel, horn-pout, and other
members of the finny tribe, with which the moun-
tain streams abounded, or go a bathing in the pure,
limpid streams, or boating or rafting on the bosom
of the crystal lake ; or, during the long winter even-