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appointment to the chair of theory and practice, of
medicine, without solicitation on his part, to the now
College of Physicians and Surgeons of Keokuk.
The class of that year numbered about forty, that
of the present (1877-78) about two hundred and
thirty-five, which increase is in part due to his
known ability as a teacher, practitioner and ex-
temporaneous lecturer. His reputation as an en-
gaging, forcible and eloquent speaker has done
much to elevate the school in the eyes of the pro-
fession in the west. His professional reputation
has now reached far beyond the borders of his own
state. He has a large and ever-increasing consul-
tation practice in almost every direction, which lat-



THE UNITED STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONART.



355



ter is due to his wisdom as a diagnostician. He
is a member of the American Medical Association,
ex vice-president of the Iowa State Medical Society,
ex secretary of the Keokuk Medical Society, and ex
president of the city board of health. Was ap-
pointed chairman of a committee of medical men,
by the president of American Medical Association,
to organize a state board of health for Iowa, in
1876. Is medical director for the Iowa Life Insur-
ance Company. Was elected president of the Iowa
State Medical Society (at one of the largest assem-
blages that ever took place in the state) for the year
1878. Is a frequent contributor to the literature of
medicine, and is said to be (by authors) the first
physician in the United States who used and pub-
lished the results of carbolic acid in the sore throat
of scarlet fever.

He was raised an orthodox Presbyterian, but
since thinking for himself, is somewhat skeptical.'



In politics, he is a democrat of the old Jackson
kind, and never sought nor would accept an office.
In his life he has engaged solely in his profession,
and given it his undivided attention. Having a
great fondness for agricultural pursuits, he would
gladly pursue them, but he is wedded to his pro-
fession. He takes great interest in the success of
democratic principles, using his interest and influ-
ence to preserve the integrity and purity of that party.

Dr. Carpenter is a man of acknowledged abilities
as a physician, and his services as such are recog-
nized by a host of appreciating friends. His in-
tellect is quick and incisive as well as compre-
hensive, his temperament animated, and his style
and address forcible and impressive. As a speaker
and writer, he is clear and argumentative, arranging
his subjects systematically, and clothing his ideas
in appropriate words, of which he seems to have a
ready command.



COLONEL ARTHUR T. REEVE,

HAMPTON.



ARTHUR T. REEVE (brother of James B.), one
. of the leading men of Frankhn county, is a
native of Ohio, and was born at New Lyme, Ash-
tabula county, on the i8th of December, 1835. The
Reeves were a patriotic family : the grandfather of
Arthur and three brothers were in the revolution-
ary army, and two of them died in a prison-ship.
Arthur's father was a farmer, and the son remained
■at home until his nineteenth year, having, meantime,
one year's course of study at the Orwell Academy.
In 1854 he removed to Iowa, settling at Maysville,
six miles from the county seat, farming in the sum-
mers and teaching in the winters. In the spring of
1858 he went to Buena Vista county, made a claim
on the Little Sioux river, but lost it, and late in the
same year returned to Franklin county, continuing
his agricultural pursuits. The summer of i86o he
spent in the mines of Pike's Peak.

In 1861 he met John Brown, junior, in Chicago,
and enlisted in the 7th regiment Kansas Cavalry,
better known as the "Jay Hawkers." He started as
a private, and became a non-commissioned officer,
serving eighteen months.

As soon as colored men began to be mustered
into the Union army, Mr. Reeve was detailed to or-
ganize such troops. He soon had such a company



ready, at Corinth, Mississippi, for the ssth regiment
Colored Infantry, and he was appointed its captain.
A little later he aided in organizing the 88th regi-
ment of such infantry, and was appointed major.
Still later he organized a regiment of colored mili-
tia, and was made its colonel.

Near the close of the rebellion Colonel Reeve
was detailed for service in the Freedman's Bureau,
being appointed superintendent of the same at
Memphis. This office he held until January, 1866,
-when he returned to his home and farm at Maysville.

He moved to Hampton in 1870; had previously
read law at sundry times ; was admitted to the bar ;
and latterly has been in law practice and the real-
estate business.

Colonel Reeve aided in the organization of Buena
Vista county in 1858, and was elected judge of the
same, serving until he left. He was elected to the
same office in Franklin county in 1861, but before
qualifying, enlisted in the army, as before stated.
He was a member of the board of supervisors of
Franklin county from 1867 to 1869, and then elected
treasurer of the county, serving four years. He is
one of the regents of the State University.

Colonel Reeve has always been a hater of human
oppression; for many years was an out-and-out



356



THE UNITED STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONART .



abolitionist, and has never been ashamed of his
political record. He glories in it. He votes the
republican ticket.

On the 2d of April, 1858, he was married to Miss
H. Lavinia Soper, of Maysville, formerly of St. Law-
rence county, New York. .They have had seven
children, and six are living.



Colonel Reeve is a positive man. His convictions
of duty are strong, and when his mind is made up
no power on earth or under the earth can swerve
him an iota. He has been a very useful man in the
county, and is not unknown in the state. He came
very near receiving the republican nomination for
treasurer of state four years ago.



HON. JAMES RENWICK,



DA VENPORT.



TAMES RENWICK, retired merchant and ex-
-' mayor of the city of Davenport, Iowa, was born
at Blantyre, Scotland, on the 6th of April, 1805.
He is a direct descendant of the old covenanter
stock of Presbyterians. He received a good educa-
tion in his earlier days, and on leaving school ac-
cepted a situation as book-keeper in his father's
woolen mills at Blantyre, where he remained until
his marriage, when he went to Liverpool, England,
and engaged in business as merchant and shipowner.
In 1845 a large company was formed for the man-
ufacture of lard oil in the United States, of which
he was one of the directors. By correspondence with
friends in this country, Davenport, Iowa, was se-
lected as the place to establish the factory. To
this end he emigrated to America and settled at
Davenport, which place has been his residence since.



The company failed to carry out their project, and
he embarked in the grain and commission and after-
ward in lumber and real-estate business, in all of
which he was eminently successful, except the real
estate, acquiring a fortune, and retiring from active
business in 1859. Mr. Renwick has done much in
developing the resources and enterprises of the
country, and has always been liberal in their ad-
vancement.

In religion, he has been from youth a Presbyterian,
and a liberal supporter of that church.

He has filled a number of public offices with
honor to himself, and served one term as mayor of
the city, though never taking an active part in polit-
ical matters. At over three-score and ten his step
is still firm, his form erect, and his countenance cheer-
ful, and he bids fair to see a ripe, mellow old age.



REV. STEPHEN N. FELLOWS, D. D.,

IOWA CITT.



THE subject of the following sketch is a fair
example of what may be attained by perse-
verance, industry and energy. He was born on the
30th of May, 1830, in North Sandwich, New Hamp-
shire, and is the youngest of eight sons of Stephen
and Rachel (McGaffey) Fellows, and of English
descent. His ancestors were among the early set-
tlers, coming to this country in the seventeenth cen-
tury. When four years old his father and family
removed to Dixon, Illinois; there in the midst of a
wilderness and surrounded by Indians, and amidst
the privations of wild frontier life, he spent his boy-
hood.

In 1840, by the death of his father, the family
were left to struggle with poverty and care for



themselves. His educational advantages were very
meager, but throughout his boyhood he had a thirst
for knowledge that led him to '' devour " books and
newspapers within his reach. Hard work and hard
fare upon the farm developed a strong physical
frame, and prepared him for the great struggle for
knowledge.

At eighteen he entered Rock River Seminary, at
Mount Morris, Illinois, but at the end of the fourth
term, having spent all of his money, was obliged to
discontinue.

In 185 1 he entered the Asbury University, at
Green Castle, Indiana, and by teaching, working on
farms, and self-boarding, secured the funds necessary
to finish his course, taking the degree of A.B. in 1854.



THE UNITED STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY.



357



During his junior and senior year he served as
tutor in Latin and mathematics.

Just previous to graduating he was elected pro-
fessor of mathematics and natural sciences in Cor-
nell College, at Mount Vernon, Iowa. This he
accepted and remained six years. His chief desire
in seeking an education was to labor in the field
as a minister of the gospel, and only engaged in
teaching in order to earn money to pay debts, so as
to enter upon his ministerial work unembarrassed.
In i860 he resigned his position in the college to
engage in the pastoral work. Previous to this, in
1856, he had joined the upper Iowa conference of
the Methodist Episcopal church. For seven years
he labored in the ministry, filling the following
charges: 1860-61, Dyersville, Iowa; 1861-63, Tip-
ton, Iowa; 1863-66, Lyons, Iowa; 1866-67", Mar-
shalltown.

In August, 1867, by unanimous vote and without
solicitation, he was elected to his present position
in the State University. In 187 1 he received the
degree of D.D. from Cornell College.

Dr. Fellows has ever been an earnest worker in
the cause of temperance, and was active for years
in the Good Templars society. He has been for
eighteen years a member of the Masonic fraternity,
and received all degrees to and including the knight



templar, and is now most excellent prelate in Pales-
tine Commandery at Iowa City.

In religious views he is very liberal, though he
has been a member of the Methodist Episcopal
church since his sixteenth year, and a minister
since his twenty-second year ; he supplies the vari-
ous pulpits, in his city, of all denominations.

Dr. Fellows was raised in the republican school
of politics, but is in no way a partisan.

He was married in 1856 to Miss Sarah L. Matson,
daughter of Dr. S. G. Matson, of Anamosa, a lady
of high attainments and distinguished for a marked
excellence of womanly arid christian virtues. They
have had six children, four of whom, two sons and
two daughters, still survive.

Dr. Fellows has pursued his chosen course with
untiring zeal, and with a success wliich has already
earned for him no inferior rank among the leading
educators of the land. As a teacher, he is distin-
guished by clearness of statement, comprehensive-
ness of grasp, a synthetical method, intense ear-
nestness, and an impatience of superficiality. As a
preacher, he is vigorous in thought, argumentative,
fervid and impressive. If his chief characteristic
as a professor and a pulpit orator were to be ex-
pressed in one word, that word would certainly be
momentum.



CHARLES C. PARKER, M. D.,



FATETTE.



CHARLES COLEMAN PARKER was born
on the i2th of September, 1823, in Clermont
county, Ohio. His father. Rev. Daniel Parker, a
native of Newburyport, Massachusetts, immigrated
westward at an early age, and spent all of his active
life as a preacher of the gospel, believing in the final
restoration of all mankind to holiness and happi-
ness. For several years he was pastor of the First
Restorationist Church, of Cincinnati, living at the
same time on a small farm on the Ohio river,
twenty miles from the city. He died at the age of
seventy-six. The mother of Charles, Priscilla M.
Parker, was born in Litchfield, Maine. Her father,
Lieutenant Hugh Mulloy, was an officer in the rev-
olutionary war, participating in the battles of Sara-
toga and Ticonderoga, and one or two others, and
who died in Ohio at the age of ninety-three. Mrs.
Parker lived to her eighty-second year.



The early years of Dr. Parker were spent upon
the farm, when the advantages of schools were very
limited, but this lack was greatly compensated by
the regular instruction of his mother, who was a
woman of much intelligence, and a teacher of rare
ability. Later, however, he attended one term at
the Pleasant Hill Academy, when his eldest brother,
James K. Parker, established, at the homestead, a
school called Clermont Academy, where the subject
of this sketch attended several terms, and where the
rest of the family, seven in number, were educated.
Charles, who was the third son, spent a few years in
teaching, and in 1845 commenced the study of
medicine with Dr. William Johnson, of Moscow, in
his native county, and graduated at Starling Med-
ical College, Columbus, in 1850. He began practice
at his native place, but was invited to Columbus
in 1852 to act as demonstrator of anatomy in the



358



THE UNITED STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY.



school from which he graduated. The peculiar ex-
posure of his position as demonstrator, the confine-
ment of the dissecting room, etc., induced disease,
by which he was so prostrated that he was unable to
complete the second year, and caused him to resign
and leave the city of Columbus, where he had al-
ready a respectable and growing practice. Several
months before this step was taken, October 4, 1853,
he had married Miss Sarah Maria, daughter of
William P. and Sarah Lakin, of Point Pleasant, Ohio,
and the doctor now returned with his young wife to
her mother's, until his removal to Fayette, Iowa, in
November, 1855.

One circumstance which perhaps more than an-
other determined his location at Fayette was the
fact of the establishment here of an institution of
learning, in the success of which he took a lively
interest. He has been a member of its board of
trustees almost continuously since 1856 ; sometimes,
in its earlier history, he taught classes in some of
the natural sciences, when otherwise there would
have been a vacancy in the faculty, and at other
times giving a few lectures only in physiology, illus-
trated by dissections and demonstrations with the
use of his own microscope. This service he always
rendered for the love of it, neither asking nor receiv-
ing compensation, except when the executive board
sometimes returned the compliment by remitting tui-
tion fees for his sons.

Dr. Parker has resided at Fayette for twenty-two
years, with only a few temporary absences. He
spent the summer of i860 in the Rocky Mountains,
the winter of 1861-62 in the army, and the winter
of 1862-63 in Chicago. He was surgeon of the
1 2th Iowa Infantry, but his health gave way, and he
was obliged to resign. He was at the capture of
Forts Henry and Donelson, and the battle of Pitts-
burgh Landing.

Soon after his return from the south he was ap-
pointed examining surgeon for pensioners, and still
holds that position.

When the Hospital for the Insane at Independ-
ence was established, his name was inserted in the
original bill as a member of the board of trustees
for its organization, and he served in that capacity
four years. He took an active part in organizing
the Fayette County Medical Society, was its presi-
dent the first five years, and has attended every one
of its meetings.

The reputation of Dr. Parker as a medical prac-
titioner and surgeon is second to no man's in Fayette



county. In difficult surgical cases he is often con-
sulted by parties in adjoining counties. Whatever
else may have temporarily engaged his attention,
he has always considered the practice of medicine
as his life work, and believes the obligations of his
chosen profession to be as sacred as he would those
of the gospel ministry.

Up to 1854 Dr. Parker was a democrat, with anti-
slavery proclivities, and since the republican party
was formed he has voted with it. He is also an
advocate of woman suffrage.

His religious connection is with the Methodist
Episcopal church, of which he is a nominal mem-
ber. As he expresses it, he " married into Method-
ism," his wife being of a family prominent in the
early history of that church in the west. He al-
lowed her preference to influence him in the choice
of his church relation, and has never regretted it.
Rev. Benjamin Lakin, a noted pioneer Methodist,
was an uncle of Dr. Parker's wife, and spent the last
years of his eventful life as a member of the family
in which Mrs. Parker was reared.

She, it is simple justice to add, is a woman of most
amiable qualities, one who "looketh well to her
household," and in whose heart, as well as on her
"tongue, is the law of kindness." She has had six
children, only four of them now living. The two
eldest are sons, and students in the Upper Iowa
University, located at Fayette. One of Mrs. Par-
ker's brothers, William B., has been a member of
both houses of the general assembly of Iowa, and
was clerk of the court of Fayette county for six
years. Another brother, James H., is auditor of
Fayette county. He aided for three years in crush-
ing the rebellion. He went into the army very
young, as sergeant, bore the flag of the 3d Iowa In-
fantry at Blue Mills, Missouri, Shiloh, and other
battles, and was promoted for his gallantry. He
came out as lieutenant.

Although past fifty-four years of age, Dr: Parker
has lost none of his mental activity, and none of his
love of study. He keeps thoroughly posted on the
theory and practice of medicine, delights in ana-
tomical investigations, and occasionally indulges in
scientific pursuits, outside his profession. Recently
he has been reviewing his botanical studies, for
which, and collateral branches, he has great enthu-
siasm. His love for such studies he attributes to
the influence of his mother, who taught him the ru-
diments of botany when he was a little child. He
has a collection of herbaceous plants which he



THE UNITED STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY.



359



made nearly thirty years ago in Ohio, and he has
nearly every kind of such plants found in the flora
of Fayette county. In this branch one of his sons,
Daniel M., studies with him, and both make their
explorations and analyses con aniore.

Dr. Parker is small in stature, not weighing over



one hundred and thirty pounds, yet is of good pro-
portions, and perfectly erect ; has always taken su-
perb care of himself; is of a nervous-sanguine tem-
perament ; has a quick, elastic step, and illustrates,
in his busy and laborious life, what good habits may
do to preserve the vigor of early manhood.



GEORGE QUINBY,

BURLINGTON.



GEORGE QUINBY was born at Monmouth,
Illinois, on the 3d of January, 1852. His
father was Hon. Ivory Quinby, one of the most
prominent men in the western part of Illinois, as
also one of the most popular. He was an early
settler, and did much for the advancement of the
state to its present proud position. He was an in-
timate friend of Stephen A. Douglass, whom he
valued highly. On his arrival in Illinois he first
went into the mercantile business, but, finding it
unsuited to him, commenced the practice of law ;
was elected judge, and served a number of years
upon the bench ; retiring from which he went into
the banking business, in which he remained until
his death, in 1869. In life he had gained the con-
fidence and esteem of his fellow-citizens, and his
death was regretted by an unusually large circle of
friends and acquaintances.

His mother's maiden name was Mary E. Pierce,
who, as well as his father, was a native of Maine.
George's early education was gained at the common
schools and at Monmouth College. In February,



1873, he removed to Burlington and went into the
general merchandise business, which he conducted
with success during a period of one year, and in
1874 he opened an establishment for the sale of
musical instruments and the publication of music,
which is now the largest in that line in Iowa, and
the largest west of the Mississippi river under the
control of one man. His sales during the first
year were about sixty thousand dollars, and by his
push and good management he has been enabled
to raise them to more than one hundred thousand
dollars, and they are still steadily increasing, and
the business will soon rank among the foremost in
the United States. He has been a member of the
Methodist Episcopal church since his twelfth year.
He is republican in his principles, but in no way a
politician.

He was married, on the 7th of November, 187 1,
to Miss Melissa J. Wotring, of Burlington.

Mr. Quinby's publications are found throughout
the west, and his name is fast becoming a house-
hold word.



JAMES C. PEASLEY,

BURLINGTON.



TAMES C. PEASLEY, president of the National
•J State Bank of Burlington, Iowa, was born in
Henderson county, Illinois, on the 30th of March,
1840, and is the son of Francis J. C. and Mary E.
Peasley ne'e Grannis. His father was one of the
early settlers, having emigrated from Lower Canada
to Illinois about 1835, and removed to Burlington
in 1842, where he resided until his death. He was
first a merchant and afterward a banker, being at
the time of his death the senior partner of the
banking house of F. J. C. Peasley and Co. ; his part-
36



ner being F. W. Brooks, who continued the business
until 1854, when he was succeeded by the firm of
Coolbaugh and Brooks. Their business was merged
into the Burlington branch of the State Bank of
Iowa in 1859, which was again changed into the
National State Bank in 1865. The father was of
decided literary taste, and had a carefully selected
library, which was well used by his children, and
fixed in them a taste for books and reading never
effaced. His death, in 1852, was regretted by an
unusually wide circle of friends and acquaintances.



36o



THE UNITED STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONART.



Our subject was at Illinois College, in Jacksonville,
Illinois, two or three years, but did not graduate, and
left in i860. His desire was to acquire- a business
education, and not long after returning from Jack-
sonville he secured a situation in the Des Moines
County Savings Bank, an institution doing business
in Burlington under the management of W. W. White.
In 1864 he received the appointment of assistant
treasurer of the Burlington and Missouri River Rail-
road Company, where he remained until the spring
of 1866, when he became cashier of the National
State Bank, at that time under the presidency of his



father's old partner, F. W. Brooks. After the death
of Mr. Brooks, in the spring of 1869, Mr. E. D. Rand
was elected president, and he was succeeded by Mr.
Peasley in the spring of 187 1. Mr. Peasley went
into the banking business frorn choice, and has been
very successful, and though still young, takes rank
as one of the leading bankers and financiers of the
state.

In politics, he is a republican, though he is in no
wise a politician, never having filled a public office.

He was married on the loth of October, 1866, to
Miss Louisa S. Green, of Lawrenceville, New Jersey.



JOHN C. SHRADER, M.D.,

IOWA CITY.



WHILE the lives of self-made men seldom
abound in sensational incidents, there is an
energy, a perseverance and an underflow of char-
acter that lends them a charm, an attractiveness and
worth that merits admiration and careful thought.
We need not look among those of royal blood to
find lives worthy to be recorded. Among us they
are the outcome of a stern conflict with opportuni-
ties made and conquered to oneself, and are at once
the support and the proud result of this grand
American civilization.

Dr. Shrader began his career a poor boy, and
has by his own effort risen to an honorable position
both in professional and social life. He was born
in Washington county, Ohio, on the 24th of April,
1830. His parents were John and Eliza Ann (Mel-
vin) Shrader. His mother was a descendant of the
old Dearborn family, of New Hampshire. John's
boyhood was spent on the farm, and he was raised,
as were the families of that day, to habits of econ-
omy and industry. Owing to the illness of his father,