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troops was so promptly filled that no draft became
necessary.

During his gubernatorial term he was nominated
by President Lincoln as minister to Denmark. He
was unanimously confirmed by the senate, but on
being notified declined to accept until the expira-
tion of his term. His privilege to accept the mis-
sion was held open until the expiration of his offi-
cial term ; but he finally declined the appointment,
his private business requiring his immediate atten-
tion.



368



THE UNITED STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DTCTIONART.



Relieved from his public position, he returned to
his business in Iowa City. Here again he was
sought after, and in January, 1866, was appointed to
the unexpired term of Mr. Harlan in the United
States senate and remained through two sessions.

In ^875 he was again elected governor, and soon
after United States senator.

Politically, he was an old democrat, but during
the Kansas-Nebraska struggle abandoned the party.
He is now in full sympathy with the principles of
the republican party, and an active participant in
state and national politics.

He was married in 1843 to Miss Jane Clark, a na-
tive of Ohio, and sister of Hon. Ezekiel Clark, of
Iowa City.

Such is the brief sketch of a prominent self-made
man, who by his own ability and energy has raised
himself from obscurity to a high and honored posi-
tion. In every department which in his eventful life



he has been called to fill, Governor Kirkwood has
been eminently successful, and has left an untar-
nished record and unspotted reputation.

As a business man, he has been upright, reliable
and honorable, and as a public official, attentive and
obliging, but inflexible and unswerving in the dis-
charge of duty.

In all places and under all circumstances he is
loyal to truth, honor and right. Few men have
more devoted friends, and none excel him in fideli-
ty to those who have gained his confidence and won
his esteem.

Among the many loyal governors of states who
seemed during their country's hour of peril to be
providentially and emphatically " the right men in
the right places," Samuel J. Kirkwood, governor
of Iowa, was conspicuous for earnest patriotism,
great executive ability, prudence and burning elo-
quence.



HON. CHARLES H.. LEWIS,

CHEROKEE.



THE present judge of the fourth judicial dis-
trict, Charles Henry Lewis, was born on the
27th of October, 1839, in Concord, Erie county. New
York, his- parents being Oren and Betsy Lewis. His
mother's family name was Nicholis. His grandfather
erected the first frame house in Utica, New York.
In 1840 the father of Charles moved with his family
to Boone county, Illinois. When the son was four
years old he lost his mother; the family was thus
broken up. The son spent four years at different
places in Wisconsin and Illinois, when his father
married again, and gathered his family in a new
home at Popple Grove, near Belvidere, Illinois.
There they remained until October, 185 1, when the
whole family removed to Independence, Buchanan
county, Iowa, the father of Charles carrying on a
chair and furniture factory and raising fruit trees.
Three years later the family moved to Quasqueton,
farther down the Wapsipinecon valley, in the same
county, where Oren Lewis now resides. He is a
thoughtful and considerate man, looking well to the
education of his son, and taking great pains to
see that he was kept at school. In 1859 Charles
entered Cornell College, at Mount Vernon, Iowa,
and remained there until the second year of the
war.



Mr. Lewis studied law at the State University,
Iowa City ; was admitted to the bar early in 1869,
and in May settled in Cherokee, Cherokee county,
where he soon built up a lucrative practice.

In the autumn of 1870 Mr. Lewis was elected dis-
trict-attorney of the fourth judicial district, which
embraced twenty-two counties in the extreme north-
western part of Iowa, holding that office four years,
and discharging its duties in a very satisfactory
manner. So popular had he become in the dis-
charge of the official duties, that during the last
year of his incumbency the people, recognizing his
personal worth and his especial fitness for the po-
sition, elected him judge of the district court for
the term of four years : that honorable position he
now holds. The district formerly embraced twenty
counties, but it has now only nine.

In the autumn of 1862, while pursuing his studies
at Mount Vernon, Judge Lewis enlisted as a private
in the 27th regiment of Iowa Infantry; at the end
of one year he was appointed sergeant-major, and
on the 2d of August, 1864, was commissioned first
lieutenant and adjutant of the regiment, filling the
latter position till the sth of August, 1865, when the
heroic 27th was mustered out of the service. He
was with the regiment all the time, and in several



THE UNITED STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY.



369



skirmishes and eleven engagements, passing the or-
deal without a scar.

Judge Lewis became an Odd-Fellow in 1869.
He belongs to the Congregational church. He has



always been a republican. On the 31st of March,
1866, he was united in marriage with Miss Emma
E. Kellogg, of Quasqueton, and they have three
children.



HON. ANTHONY W. CARPENTER,

BURLINGTON.



ANTHONY WAYNE CARPENTER, deceased,
ir\. was born in Lancaster county, Pennsylvania,
on the ist of January, 1814, and was eldest son of
Anthony and Catherine Carpenter ni!e Curran. His
ancestors were of German descent, and were early
settlers. He was a self-educated man, his early boy-
hood receiving little chance for improvement. At an
early age he learned the jeweler's trade, at Phila-
delphia, getting a thorough knowledge of all its in-
tricacies, and in 1837 came west and settled at Bur-
lington. His whole stock in trade consisted of his
tools and thirty dollars. He commenced the founda-
tion of a fortune in a log building, and was the first
watch-maker west of the Mississippi river and north
of St. Louis, the pioneer jeweler of the west. By
hard labor, courteous treatment to his customers,
and with a good knowledge of the demands of the
western market, he succeeded in acquiring a compe-
tence and gained the esteem and love of his fellow-
citizens, who placed him in many positions of trust
and honor, which he filled with distinction and to
the satisfaction of his constituents. He was sheriff
of the county two terms ; the first term he was the last
sheriff to hold office under the territorial govern-



ment and first on the admittance of the new state.
In politics, he was a democrat and an active par-
tisan, and was thoroughly posted in the politics of
the day. He was collector of customs for some
time, and in 1868 was mayor of the city, and held
the position of alderman for many years. In i860
he was elected delegate at large to the national
convention at Baltimore which resulted in the rup-
ture of the party.

He was not a member of any particular relig-
ious body, but was an attendant on the Methodist
church, of which his wife was a member.

He was married on the gth of March, 1842, to
Miss Sarah Ann McKenny, of Burlington, by whom
he had three children, one son and two daughters.
The son, E. H. Carpenter, succeeded him in busi-
ness, which he is pursuing successfully.

In private life he was generous and charitable,
devoted to his family and business, a faithful friend
and an outspoken opponent. As a public officer,
his conduct was always distinguished for its up-
rightness and unblemished integrity. He died at
Lancaster, Pennsylvania, where he had gone for
his health, on the 19th of June, 1869.



HON. JOHN PORTER,

ELDORA.



AMONG the men of northern Iowa who have
±\. worn the ermine, probably no one is more
modest and unassuming, or left the bench with a
purer name, than Judge Porter. He resigned his
position, after serving more than seven years, with
the reputation of being an impartial judge and a
rapid dispatcher of business. Western people step,
eat, think and talk rapidly ; sometimes they make
fortunes in the same way; and they like to see
everything, even hanging, done in a hurry. As
Judge Porter had remarkable success in clearing
37



the docket, he pleased jurors and everybody else,
and could have remained longer on the bench had
he not seen fit to hasten his retirement.

John Porter was the son of a miller, William
Porter, and was born in Washington county, Penn-
sylvania, on the 14th of April, 1828. His mother
was a Langan, and his grandparents, on both sides,
came from Ireland. Young Porter gave his sum-
mers, until he was eighteen, to milling and farming,
and his winters to common-school studies. During
the next three years h? alternated between teach-



370



THE UNITED STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONART.



ingsgand being taught. Arrived at age, he com-
menced studying law in the ofifice of Tod, Hoff-
man and Hutchins, Warren, Ohio. At the end of
two years he was admitted to the bar, but did
not leave the office just mentioned until two years
later. With this excellent preparation, in 1854 we
find Mr. Porter in Plymouth, Marshall county, In-
diana, following his profession. Two years later he
became a citizen of Iowa, settling at Mason City,
Cerro Gordo county, in November, 1856. There
he remained until 1859, when he took up his resi-
dence in Eldora, Hardin county, and here he still
remains. He is of the firm of Porter and Moir, a
firm eminent for success in business, and for its
promptness and rectitude in all legal dealings.

In 1858 Mr. Porter was elected judge of the
eleventh judicial district, and reelected in 1862.
Resigning a few months before his second term of
four years had expired, he resumed the profession



so congenial to his taste, and in which he has
gained such distinction.

Of late years he has had very little to do with
politics, although in sentiment he is antimonopoly.
He is strongly in favor of making the national
treasury notes the currency of the country. He
was a republican until 1870.

Judge Porter is a member of no church, but in
sentiment leans toward the Disciples.

On the 26th of April, 1854, he married Miss
Mariam Stevens, of Mesopotamia, Trumbull county,
Ohio. They have one child.

Judge Porter has been thoroughly enHsted in the
railroad and other enterprises, which have built up
Eldora and developed the wealth of the county and
state, and is as large-hearted as he is energetic
and public-spirited. Though quiet in his charities,
he is liberal to the poor, and responds promptly to
the calls for benevolence in various directions.



HON. WILLIAM F. SAPP,

COUNCIL BLUFFS.



IT may be truly said of the United States that
no country in the world is productive of so
large a number of men whose native ability and
unaided effort have achieved for them positions of
the highest distinction. The best men of the great
west are of this character. Iowa possesses no small
share of this invaluable class of public men. With
such ranks the subject of this sketch, William Flet-
cher Sapp, first saw the light of day on the 20th of.
November, 1824, at Danville, Knox county, Ohio.
His ancestry were of good stock, descending from
both French and English blood. His paternal
grandfather, Daniel Sapp, was one of the first set-
tlers in what is now the county of Knox, Ohio, and
one of the proprietors, and the founder, of the
present village of Danville. He was a man of dis-
tinction, for a pioneer settlement; was the first county
surveyor for Knox county, and justice of the peace
upward of thirty years ; he held that office at the
time of his death, which occurred at an advanced
age. He performed military service in the war of
181 2, together with his brothers Joseph, George
and William. Of such parentage it is not at all
wonderful that their son, Mr. John Sapp, father of
the present Colonel W. F. Sapp, became a distin-
guished man in the section of country in which he



lived. He was universally beloved for unbounded
generosity, humane feelings and charitable acts, and
his house was the abode of unlimited hospitality.
He was married on the 7th of December, 1820, to
Miss Elizabeth Myers, a native of Cumberland,
Maryland. His career, however, was short, as he
died on the ist of December, 1835, in early man-
hood, leaving a wife, two daughters and the sub-
ject of this sketch, then in his eleventh year. He
was a man remarkable for correct judgment- and
prophetic forecast. In looking into the future of
the western country he predicted, at that early day,
that Saint Louis was destined to become a great
city, and just previous to his death had disposed
of his property with the view of taking up his resi-
dence there.

The son, left fatherless at a tender age, has
proved worthy of such a sire; inheriting his best
traits of character and his thrift, and while yet
in the prime of life, arriving at even greater dis-
tinction and equal esteem. Like the most of men
who have achieved fortune and honor, he had the
great advantage of the advice and direction of a
true and noble mother, who was a woman noted
for superior judgment, great force of character and
rare christian virtues ; from early womanhood a de-





^"f'h^xtSaUiSmai^crjijri-rxy'



THE UNITED STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DICTTONART.



373



voted member of the Methodist Episcopal church,
she took great pains throughout her life, both by
precept and example, to educate her children in the
christian faith. It was mainly through her influence
that her son was led to adopt the profession of law.
To this end, depending solely upon his own re-
sources, he early availed himself of such educa-
tional advantages as came within his reach, ac-
quiring a common-school and academic education.

With a studious turn of mind and industrious
habits he advanced so rapidly in his studies as to
be enabled, in the spring of 1847, to commence the
study of law, by entering the office of the late dis-
tinguished secretary of the interior, the Hon. Colum-
bus Delano, and his partner, the Hon. W. R. Sapp,
uncle of the subject of this sketch, at Mount Ver-
non, Knox county, Ohio. Having obtained his pre-
vious education unaided, help to enable him to
pull through his course of law studies came from
the old friends of his father, who placed in his
hands collections and employed him in cases be-
fore justice courts, in the management of which he
proved that he possessed the elements of success.
He also earned sufficient money during his course
of study to defray all his necessary expenses, and to
purchase a small law library with which to com-
mence the practice of his profession.

In June, 1850, Colonel Sapp was admitted to the
bar, and immediately commenced the practice of
law in the town where he had studied and where
at the time was the most formidable bar in the
state. His success was immediate and eminent, ob-
taining a larger practice than any young lawyer in
that section of country.

With true patriotic blood in his veins, and wonder-
ful activity of iriind and body, he naturally early
drifted into the political arena. His antecedents
were all with the whig party of that day; and
though a mere youth, he stumped the county in
which he lived for the election of Zachary Taylor
in 1848, and again for Winfield Scott in 1852. On
the formation of the republican party in 1856 he
became one of its most active adherents; he stumped
his congressional district for John C. Fremont, and
has been a warm and active republican since that
time to the present. In 1852 he was placed on the
ticket of his party for the office of prosecuting
attorney for the county, in opposition to General
George W. Morgan, and notwithstanding the great
strength of his opponent, and a county usually car-
rying from seven to eight hundred democratic



majority, he came within forty-one votes of being
elected. Two years later he was again nominated
for the same office, and elected over the democratic
candidate by more than eight hundred majority. In
1856 he ran as the republican candidate for the
same office, and was again elected by several hun-
dred more votes than were cast for J. C. Fremont in
the same county.

On the 29th of December, 1856, he was married
to Miss Mary Catherine Brown, second daughter of
Captain Richard M. Brown, an old and highly re-
spected citizen of Mount Vernon, Ohio, who served
with distinction in the war of 1812.

It may be of interest to also state in this connec-
tion that the mother of Captain Brown was an own
cousin to the mother of Daniel Webster.

Colonel Sapp continued in the practice of his pro-
fession at Mount Vernon till the spring of i860, at
which time he 'removed to Omaha, Nebraska, where
he opened a law office. In the spring of 1861 he
was appointed, by Governor Alvan Saunders, adju-
tant-general of the territory, which office he held
until December, 1862.

In the fall of 1861 he was elected to the legisla-
tive council of the territory, to fill the vacancy
occasioned by the resignation of the Hon. John W.
Thayer. He was elected to that office a republican,
in the then democratic county of Douglass.

In 1862 the 2d regiment Nebraska Cavalry was
organized for the defense of the frontier against the
hostile Indians, and Colonel Sapp was tendered and
accepted the office of its lieutenant-colonel, in which
capacity he was commander of the district of Ne-
braska during a portion of the summer of 1863, and
was in command of the post of Fort Kearney dur-
ing a portion of the term of his military service.

Having terminated his military career on the mus-
tering out of his regiment, he removed to Council
Bluffs, and entered into a law partnership with Judge
Samuel Clinton, in the spring of 1864, which con-
nection was continued until the spring of 1869. In
the fall of 1866 he was elected a member of the
legislature of Iowa for the county of Pottawattamie,
and served on the committee of the judiciary of
that body, and as chairman of the committee on
federal relations. During the session, through his
personal exertions, he succeeded in securing the
location of the Deaf and Dumb Asylum of the state
at Council Bluffs.

On the accession of General Grant to the Presi-
dency he was appointed United States district at-



374



THE UNITED STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARr.



torney for Iowa, which office he administered four
years, and received the high compUment from the
United States attorney-general of- being officially
reported by that officer as having conducted the
duties of the position several per cent more suc-
cessfully than any other district attorney in com-
mission at the time.

In 1872 he was a candidate for the nomination
before the congressional convention for the eighth
congressional district, and was defeated by the Hon.
J. W. McDill, Cheerfully acquiescing in the result,
he made a thorough canvass of the district in the
interest of his successful competitor and the repub-
lican cause. In 1876 he was nominated for congress
on a vote of seventy-three to thirteen for the Hon.
William Hale, and was elected over his democratic
and greenback opponent, Hon. Lemuel R. Bolter, by
a majority of over four thousand. During the canvass
that followed. Colonel Sapp accomplished the feat
of making seventy-one speeches in his district, and
in the sequel was triumphantly elected.

With the exception of the time he was in the
military service of his country, he has devoted his
life to the duties of his chosen profession ; during
which his practice has been remarkably successful
and extensive, gaining an eminent position at the
bar, which has been the reward of merit and per-
sonal popularity. Notwithstanding an intellectually
busy life, he has wisely not been unmindful of the



main chance, and has acquired by square dealing a
handsome property, a portion of which is in the city
and vicinity of Council Bluffs.

Mr. Sapp is every way a marked man. His per-
sonale is commanding, with marked personal mag-
netism ; his physique is full, tall, erect and hand-
somely proportioned, full of healthy blood, life and
animation, with a demeanor at once courteous, affa-
ble and unaffectedly democratic. His standing in
society fully comports with the esteem in which he
is held by his brethren of the bar, and all who
have the pleasure of his acquaintance as well ; and
his professional competitors and political opponents
universally respect him.

His mother having descended from good Mary-
land stock, the noted magnificent manners of that
state crop out in the polished and cultivated char-
acteristics of her eminent son.

Going now to the capital of this great nation as
an honored representative of the vast State of Iowa,
he has a brilliant career before him. It is just such
men of tried integrity, ability and patriotism that
the country needs for governing statesmen at this
critical period in its history. Upon the unselfish
services and sound principles of men in power, like
unto the subject of this sketch, the best elements of
the country rely for the safety of the republic, feeling
that it is in safe hands, so far as they can influence
its destiny.



JOHN J. OLSHAUSEN, M. D.,

DAVENPORT.



AMONG the names of Olshausen, prominent phy-
ix. sicians and surgeons of the northwest, is en-
rolled that of Dr. John J. Olshausen. He was born
in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany, on the 6th of June,
181 7, and is the son of Rev. John D. and Julianna
Olshausen. His father was one of the most prom-
inent clergymen of the Lutheran church in Germany,
and superintendent of all the churches in the duchy
of Oldenburg, the highest position a clergyman could
attain.

He was an author of much note, writing several
works on theology and geography. In the pulpit
he was very eloquent, and carried conviction and
truth in his sermons. He died in 1823, much be-
loved and regretted. On the maternal side, his
grandfather was a very prominent surgeon.



He received his education at the gymnasium at
Schleswig, and later at the University at Konigs-
berg, Prussia, and graduated in the departments of
natural science and medicine at Kiel. After leaving
the gymnasium he traveled foi* nearly five years
over the continent of South America, part of Europe,
and the Mediterranean, as he wished to give all his
energies to the development of natural science.
Finding it did not pay financially, he returned to
Germany and studied medicine at Kiel. After his
graduation he visited a number of hospitals and
universities, and finally, emigrating to the United
States, located at St. Louis in 1847, and commenced
the practice of his profession. Here he had a suc-
cessful practice, but owing to the warmth of the
climate, decided to remove to Davenport, Iowa, which



THE UNITED STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONART.



375



he did in 1854. Here he founded a large and
lucrative practice, which he still enjoys.

His travels and researches, which were extensive,
will some day appear to the public, as he intends in
time to publish them.

He was married on the loth of December, 1848,
to Miss Elizabeth Shepman, a native of Hanover.

He is very liberal in his religious views and opin-
ions.

In politics, he is a liberal republican, though never



taking an active part in political matters. He was
a director of the public schools in Davenport for
fifteen years.

In his medical relations, he has built up his own
reputation by his skill and energy, and has acquired
an extensive practice. He is a genial gentleman, a
quick observer, and as prompt in his business as
he is generous in his social relations, and thoroughly
merits the esteem in which he is held by his fellow-
citizens.



CHAUNCEY LAMB,



CLINTON.



CHAUNCEY LAMB, capitalist and lumber mer-
chant, was born at Ticonderoga, Essex county,
New York, on the 4th of January, 1816. He is the
son of Alpheus and Sophia Bailey Lamb, whose an-
cestors were among the first settlers of the State of
Connecticut.

His grandparents on both sides are of good old
Saxon stock, having early emigrated to this country
from England. His father participated in the war of
1812; and the inherited patriotism of the son was
not weakened by having his birth near the s])0t
where Ethan Allen, in revolutionary times, demand-
ed the surrender of the fort in the name of the
" Great Jehovah and the Continental Congress.''

His early education was such as could be obtained
at the common schools of that period. His parent-
age, although worthy and respected, belonged to
that numerous class whose worldly means were very
limited. The undeveloped resources of the countrj'
immediately subsequent to the war of i8r2 left many