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persons. During the early part of his residence
here he was a clerk in the county treasurer's office,
and was very careful and efficient in this work, as in
everything else to which he has put his hands.

In 1867 Mr. Stone opened a private bank in con-
nection with his land operations, and continued it
for three years ; then, in 1870, he organized the First
National Bank, and has been its cashier and princi-
pal manager ever since. For four or five years he
has paid little attention to real estate, giving his
undivided attention and energies to the bank, which
is a very popular institution.



In 1 86 1 Mr. Stone was elected treasurer and
recorder of Woodbury county, holding that double
office three years, and then the office of treasurer
alone for the same length of time.

Mr. Stone was a whig, then a republican, and
never anything else.

On the 1 2th of May, 1852, he married Miss Alice
A. Heathcote, of Mount Vernon, Ohio, and has two
children, a son and a daughter. The son is in the
junior year of Yale College, and stands high.

Mr. Stone is emphatically a business man. He
has done clean, thorough and honorable work all
his life, and his friends accumulate with his years.
He has seen his fifty winters, but has taken the best
of care of himself, and the burdens of life have
not bent his tall and symmetrical form an iota.



GENERAL ANDREW J. BAKER,



CENTER VILLE.



ANDREW JACKSON BAKER, son of George
L\. Baker, was born on the 6th of June 1832, in
Ohio county, Virginia, near Moundsville, now the
seat of justice of Marshall county. West Virginia.
His father was born on the 26th of April, 1796,
in a block-house or fort, known as Baker's Station,
near the mouth of Fish Creek, on what was then
known as the Virginia Pan-handle ; and his grand-
father, George Baker, senior, was one of three broth-
ers, Isaac, Henry and George, who' immigrated from
eastern Maryland, and built the fort in which his
father was born, the fort being put up in 1788.

The mother of Andrew J. was margaret Reager,
and her mother, whose maiden name was Hayes,
was from Scotland.

The subject of our sketch was educated in the
public schools of Butler county, Ohio, whither his
father removed in 1833, at Furman's Academy in
that county, and at the Wesleyan Seminary, Mount
Pleasant, Iowa. From early youth his chief delight
was in books, and he rarely went into the field on his
father's farm to work without taking a book with
him. If plowing, he always read while the team was
resting ; sometimes forgot himself, let the team rest
too long, and received a reprimand from his father.
At sixteen years of age he obtained a situation in
a store at Burlington, Iowa, but the next year his
father took him back to his farm, then in that part
of Iowa. The son was so dissatisfied with farming
41



that his father finally consented to give him his
time, but not a cent of money. Andrew was satis-
fied with the offer, and it was at this period that he
went to Mount Pleasant to a school, now known as
the Wesleyan University. He joined the first class
ever formed in that institution, and paid his way
by doing work of various kinds for his board, and
sawing wood at the college for his tuition. Professor
Alexander Nelson was principal, and his wife was
sole assistant.

In 1851 and 1852 Mr. Baker taught school in Des
Moines and Henry counties, and pursued his studies
alone, except during the latter year, when he recited
to Professor Gunnison of the Burlington Collegiate
Institute. During the next two or three years —
1853 to 1855 — Mr. Baker read law with Hon. C. B.
Darwin, of Burlington, teaching three or four months
each year to meet expenses. He was admitted to
practice in 1855, opening an office at Winterset,
Madison county, his fortune at that time consist-
ing of just fifty cents. In the winter following he
became the partner of Hon. H. J. B. Cummings,
now member of congress from the seventh Iowa
district. In 1856 he was a candidate for prosecuting
attorney on the democratic ticket, against Mr. Cum-
mings, who was elected. For the next three or four
years Mr. Baker took a very active part in politics.
In 186 1 he became disgusted with the action of the
peace wing of the democratic party in the state con-



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THE UNITED STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY.



vention, shook the dust off his feet and voted for
Samuel J. Kirkwood, the republican nominee for
governor.

In the winter of 1861-62 Mr. Baker raised part of
a company for the 17th Iowa Infantry, and went
into the service as first lieutenant, Company E, of
that regiment, resigning on account of sickness in
the spring of 1863.

In January, 1864, lieutenant Baker settled in Lan-
caster, Schuyler county, Missouri; in 1868 was the
republican elector in the eighth district of that state,
and at the same time was elected representative to
the legislature for the term of two years. During
the adjourned session of that body he took an active
part in submitting an amendment to the constitution
repealing what was known as the " iron-clad " oath.

In 1870 the republican state convention split on
the question of indorsing the submission of the res-
olution of amendment, and nominated two tickets,
headed respectively by Joseph McClurg and B.
Gratz Brown, as candidates for governor. Lieu-
tenant Baker was on the Gratz Brown ticket for at-



torney-general of the state, and was elected by more
than forty thousand majority.

In May, 1875, he removed to Centerville, his pres-
ent home, and formed a law partnership with Gen-
eral Francis M. Drake, the firm name being Baker
and Drake, and they have a very remunerative prac-
tice. General Baker has been in the legal business
constantly since 1855, except when in the army.
His title of " general " is civic, being derived from
his office held in Missouri.

He has been a republican since the outbreak at
the south.

He is past grand and past chief patriarch in the
Odd-Fellows order, and is representative in the
grand lodge of the state.

His parents were Methodists. He is a member of
the Presbyterian church.

His wife, who was Miss Sophia Parker, and mar-
ried on the 19th of August, 1858, is a daughter of
Rev. Leonard Parker, a Methodist minister, and au-
thor of a work on " Infant Baptism " and " Immer-
sion not Bible Baptism." They have six children.



HON. HIRAM PRICE,

DA VENPORT.



HIRAM PRICE was born in Washington coun-
ty, Pennsylvania, on the loth of January,
1 8 14. He had very few of the advantages of edu-
cation in his early youth, receiving instruction only
in the common branches, and having few opportuni-
ties for mental improvement. He early developed
so strong a taste for reading, that everything read-
able that could be borrowed was eagerly devoured.
After leaving school he entered a retail dry goods
store as clerk, was afterward chief clerk at an iron
works, and still later was employed in a forwarding
and commission house.

He removed to Iowa, in 1844, and located in
Davenport, which place has been his residence ever
since. On his arrival he went into the mercantile
business, with a very small capital, not exceeding
one hundred dollars, and by perseverance, energy
and business tact, succeeded in acquiring a compe-
tence, retiring from the business in 1848. In 1847
he was elected the first school fund commissioner of
Scott county, which office he held for nine years.
In 1848 he was elected recorder and treasurer of
the county, holding them for eight years.



Mr. Price is entitled to an infinite deal of credit
for the part he has taken in advancing the construc-
tion of our railroads. He was one of the first men,
west of the Mississippi, who agitated a railroad con-
nection with the Atlantic, and it is owing to his
efforts, as much or more than to those of any one
else, that the people were induced to subscribe to
this object. He accepted the position of secretary
of the Mississippi and Missouri Railroad Company,
in which capacity he served seven years, and until
his election to congress. He was president of the
State Bank of Iowa during its entire e^tistence after
the first year, and closed the affairs of that institu-
tion to the entire satisfaction of all concerned, hand-
ling millions of dollars. He was elected to the
thirty-eighth, thirty-ninth and fortieth congresses,
each time by largely increased majorities, and then
declined being a candidate again ; but was nomi-
nated against his will for the forty-fifth congress,
and was elected by nearly two thousand majority.
During the war of the rebellion he was paymaster-
general of the State of Iowa,

Mr. Price has always taken a decided and con-



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S'>i^l?IBJCdLkSmsI3S<u~J^STllT



THE UNITED STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONART.



413



sistent position in favor of the cause of temperance.
He was one of those who, in February, 1848, organ-
ized the Grand Division of the Sons of Temperance
for the State of Iowa, and was elected first Grand
Worthy A , and afterward Grand Worthy Pa-
triarch for the state. He was elected for a number
of years as representative to the National Division
of North America. In 1847 he was instrumental in
organizing a division of Sons of Temperance in
Davenport, and was elected the first Worthy Patri-
arch. His views, and the position he took upon
the temperance subject, have given him a promi-
nence possessed by no other private citizen in the
state, and yet there was not a man of his opponents
who did not respect the singular honesty of his
endeavors, and his entire freedom from all effort to
gain either personal or political popularity.

In religious views, he is a Methodist, having joined
that church in his seventeenth year. He was treas-
urer for the Scott County Bible Society for the
years 1851, 1852, 1856 and 1857, and president for
the years 1876 and 1877.

Mr. Price was raised in the democratic school of
politics, 'and remained in that party until an attempt
was made to force slavery into free soil, when he



helped to organize the republican party of Iowa,
and has been ranked as a radical republican ever
since.

He has passed some time in travels, having visited
nearly every state in the Union, and has traveled
over England, France, Switzerland, Ireland and
Scotland.

He was married on the 27th of April, 1834, to
Miss Susan Betts.

His son, M. M. Price, was United States consul
to Marseilles, France, and one of his daughters is
the wife of Hon. John F. Dillon, af the United
States circuit court, one of the ablest jurists in the
west; another daughter married the Rev. Laird Col-
lier, and another married Alfred Sully, of Brook-
lyn, New York. His youngest son, W. H. Price,
is a resident of Denver, Colorado.

In the various changes of an active life, Mr. Price
has gained the respect of a large circle of friends,
and the confidence of his business connections, and
while making constant use of his natural powers, he
has never wasted or weakened them, so he is still in
possession of much of his native vigor and strength.
At over three score his step is still firm, his form
erect, and his countenance cheerful.



WILLIAM S. BOYD, M. D.,



VINTON.



ONE of the oldest and best educated physicians
and surgeons in Benton county is William
Swan Boyd, a resident of Vinton twenty-two years.
He is a son of John and Rachel Waters Boyd, who
resided in Westmoreland county, Pennsylvania, when
the son was born, on the 20th of June, 18 14. His ma-
ternal grandfather and also his paternal were from
Ireland. His father was a major in the war of
181 2-15. William farmed on the homestead until
about eighteen; attended the preparatory depart-
ment of the college at Meadville, Pennsylvania, two
years; read medicine with Dr. Thomas Brinker, of
Unity, in the same state ; attended medical lectures
at Cleveland, Ohio, and graduated in February,
1849. After practicing between six and seven years
in West Salem, Ohio, Dr. Boyd came to Iowa late
in the autumn of 1854, stopped a short time at
iowa City, and at the close of January, 1855, settled
permanently at Vinton. Early in the winter of 1868
he went to Philadelphia, and attended a full course



of lectures in Jefferson Medical College. The ben-
efits of that course he has reaped in increased effi-
ciency and skill in his profession, and the increased
confidence of the people in him as a medical prac-
titioner. Dr. Boyd was examining surgeon for pen-
sions in Benton county about eight years, but has
never held a political office of any importance.

He is a strong republican, and usually votes, but
his life work has been in his profession, and there
he excels.

He was reared a Presbyterian, but inclines to the
sentiments of the Methodists. He has no church
connection, but is a man of very pure character.

He belongs to the blue lodge in the Masonic
order, but pays very little attention to anything out-
side of his profession.

Dr. Boyd has a third wife. His first, Miss Jane
Sloan, of Westmoreland county, Pennsylvania, mar-
ried in 1839, died in about two months. His second,
Miss Elizabeth Carothers, of West Newton, in the



414



THE UNITED STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARV.



same county, married in 1842, died in 1852, leaving
four children, two of them since following her into
the spirit world. His present wife was Miss Cath-
erine Winegardner, of West Salem, Ohio, married in
1853. She is a model step-mother, obliging, kind
and affectionate. The eldest child of the second
wife, John R. Boyd, has a wife, and is a physician and
surgeon at Lost Nation, Clinton county. Rachel Ann
is the wife of Henry Miller, shoemaker, of Vinton.



Dr. Boyd is a member of the Iowa Union Medical
Society, and has an excellent standing in the pro-
fession. His character is such as to command the
high respect of the community inside and outside
the medical fraternity.

He has a fine brick residence located in the cen-
tral part of the city, with umbrageous and delight-
ful surroundings^ one of the most pleasant homes in
Vinton.



JAMES M. SHELLEY,

KEOKUK.



T AMES M. SHELLEY, the pioneer dry-goods mer-
J chant of southern Iowa, was born in Guilford
county. North Carolina, on the 26th' of January,
1813, and is the son of Francis Shelley and Nancy
Shelley ne'e Brown. Both his grandparents served
during the war of the revolution. He was an apt
scholar, and having the best advantages offered
by the schools of his time, acquired a good English
education, and, besides, a thorough knowledge of
Latin. His early ambition was to become a law-
yer, in which profession he would doubtless have
excelled. His pecuniary circumstances, however,
were not such as would allow him to gratify his de-
sire, and accordingly, when he was twenty-two years
of age, he engaged in mercantile pursuits, a line of
business which has engaged his constant attention
during a period of forty-one years. His first effort
in mercantile life was with Governor Morehead, at
Leaksville, North Carolina, and continued during
the years 1836, 1837 and 1838. Aside from their
regular mercantile trade he formed a partnership
with P. S. Hamlin and Co., and carried on the
manufacture of tobacco, then the staple product of
their section of the south. Mr. Shelley, stationed
at New Orleans, personally superintended the sales
in Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana and
Mexico — a great undertaking before the advent of
railroads, — and by his extensive travels gained a
most valuable experience and knowledge of men
and things.

In 1838, returning to his native state, he remained
one year, and at the expiration of that time removed
to Kentucky, where for ten years he was engaged in
a successful mercantile trade ; and during the same
time he served as justice of the peace of Calloway
county, having been appointed by Governor Clark,



The judicial district, comprising twenty or more
counties, was very thinly populated. The district
judge not being able to hold his court in some of
the counties oftener than once in twelve months,
the legislature passed an act authorizing him to
select one magistrate of each county, and to endow
him with the power of issuing writs, determining
habeas corpus, granting injunctions, etc. This honor
was conferred upon Mr. Shelley by one 6f Ken-
tucky's most noted jurists, the Hon. Willey P.
Fowler.

Closing his affairs in Kentucky in the spring of
1850, he removed to Keokuk, Iowa, whose commer-
cial future he was able to forecast. Forming a
partnership with James and James F. Cox, he at
once engaged in the wholesale dry-goods jobbing
trade ; two years later James Cox retired from the
firm, and James F. Cox, by reason of ill health,
withdrew in 1865.

Mr. Shelley is preeminently a business man, and
succeeds in whatever he undertakes ; as a counselor,
his advice is freely sought, and many of his wealthy
customers admit that they owe their prosperity to
him. A rule of his business life has been never
to harass or oppress his customers by useless law-
suits. When he traveled through the country doing
his own collecting, by his agreeable manners he
won his way to his debtors' confidence, and it was
a trite saying among commercial travelers, during
the financial crisis of 1857, that "it was of no use
to go after a customer when Colonel Shelley had
been before them, for if a man who owed him had
any money, or could borrow it, he was paid first."
He has never brought suit unless compelled to do
so, and then has always given it his personal at-
tention ; and by his remarkable memory of minor



THE UNITED STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY.



415



details, and shrewd judgment in determining the
strong points, he has been enabled so to direct his
attorneys as seldom to lose a case. He is probably
the most widely known of any man in his line of
business in the state, his name being as familiar
as household words among all country merchants.
Beginning life without means, he has carved his
own history and made his own fortune. Though
now sixty-three years of age, he is as active and
energetic as when fired by youthful ambition; noble-
hearted, public-spirited and generous, his character
has ever been unsullied and above reproach.

Politically, Mr. Shelley was formerly a Henry Clay
whig, and later identified himself with the repub-
lican party. He was a warm supporter of the Union
cause during the war, but believing that the tend-
ency of the republican party was toward central-
ization, he abandoned it in 1870, and two years
later was the liberal and democratic candidate of
his district for congress. Although he carried his
own county, he was defeated by his talented op-
ponent, Hon. George W. McCrary. He was demo-
cratic candidate for state senator in 1873, but was
defeated by a majority of fifteen. He has never
sought political honors, and allowed his name to
be used only at the urgent solicitations of friends.
He made a gallant canvass for congress, and as a
public speaker, though not trained to the rostrum,
was logical, illustrative and eloquent ; a man of
commanding presence, finely-formed head, a clear
ringing voice of great capacity, he easily won the
attention and admiration of his auditors. He is
now in full sympathy with the democratic party.



and believes in the old political tests of character,
honesty, capacity and fidelity to the constitution.
As a writer, he is clear and happy in expression,
while as a conversationalist, he is fluent and mag-
na:ic, being thoroughly posted in history, poetry and
current literature.

At the present time (1876) Mr. Shelley is president
of the Iowa Life Insurance Company, located at
Keokuk, which is fast winning its way to public
confidence.

.His religious training was under the influence
of the Quakers, and though not a member of any
church, he makes the rule of his action that ex-
pressed in the words, " whatsoever ye would that
men should do to you, do ye even so to them," giv-
ing justice to all and oppressing none.

Personally, he is generous and courteous, and by
his habitual suavity, impresses even the casual ob-
server as a man among men capable of great things.

Mr. Shelley was married on the 13th of October,
1842, to Miss Louise J., daughter of the late Beverly
B. Stubblefield, a prominent name in Kentucky.
Mrs Shelley is an estimable lady of fine native en-
dowments, well educated, a devoted wife and fond
mother.

Of their two sons, both of whom were educated
at Princeton College, New Jersey, William F. is a
partner of his father at Keokuk, and George M. a
partner at Kansas City in the wholesale dry-goods
jobbing trade ; both were trained to mercantile pur-
suits, and inherit the business talent and personal
popularity that have so signally marked the career
of their father.



HON. SHERMAN G. SMITH,



NEWTON.



SHERMAN GRISWOLD SMITH, son of Ste-
phen F. Smith and Amanda M. n^e Cole, is a
native of Green county. New York, dating his birth
on the 22d of May, 1831. His branch of the Smith
family is of German pedigree, his grandfather com-
ing to this country subsequently to the revolution,
and settling in Green county. The Coles are an old
New England family. Sherman G. spent the first
twenty years of his life on farms in Green and Mad-
ison counties in his native state, then came as far
west as Oberlin, Ohio, where he entered the pre-
paratory department of the college, pursuing his



studies through the first term of the junior year,
when he left and began to teach school and study
law. He read at Urbana, Ohio, with James and
Duell, and was admitted to the bar at a term of the
supreme court of Ohio held at Columbus in March,
1857.

On the nth of November of that year Mr. Smith
opened an office in Newton, Jasper county, Iowa,
and here has since been his home and the field of
his operations, except a little more than two years,
which he spent in the military service. He went
into the army in September, 18(12, as major of the



4i6



THE UNITED STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONART.



40th Iowa Infantry, and was with that regiment
through all its marches, expeditions, raids and
battles until late in 1864, when he resigned at Little
Rock, Arkansas, on account of ill-health.

Prior to going into the army, in the autumn "of

1 86 1, Major Smith was elected to the state senate,
and served in the regular and special sessions of

1862, heartily supporting every war measure of the
general assembly.

He was elected district attorney of the sixth judi-
cial district in 1870, and served four years. But
such positions are of very little consequence to him,
as his professional business is much better than the
emoluments of any office pertaining to the bar or
bench. He is an excellent office lawyer and a pow-
erful advocate, standing second to no man at the
Jasper county bar.

Major Smith has always acted with the republican
party, and is an influential member of it. He was



a delegate to the national convention in 1876, his
favorite candidate for presidential nominee being
the Hon. James G. Blaine.

He has been mayor of Newton one term ; has
done good work at sundry times on the city school
board, and is a trustee of the State Normal School
located at Cedar Falls.

He is a Royal Arch Mason, and has been master
of the Newton Lodge.

The religious connection of Major Smith is with
the Congregationalists, where he has held a mem-
bership nine or ten years.

His wife was Miss Louisa J. Dixon, of Newton,
their union occurring on the 28th of April, 1859.
They have three children, and have lost two.

Major Smith is a man of solid build, physically,
morally and intellectually, having a stainless record.
It is fortunate for Iowa that she has a large class of
just such men. Her honor rests upon them.



JACOB H. BRUSH,

OSAGE.



AT an early period in American history three
L brothers came from England and settled in
Huntington, Long Island, and from them have
sprung the Brushes now scattered over the western
as well as eastern states. Jacob Henry Brush, son
of Albert and Julia Burchard Brush, is one of these
descendants, and was born in North Salem, West-
chester county. New York, on the 9th of July, 1833.
Albert Brush is a farmer, one of the proprietors of
Brewster, a town in the edge of Putnam county, on
the Harlem railroad, and he and his wife are still
living in Brewster. The Burchards were early set-
tlers in Norwalk, Connecticut. Jacob spent his early
years in Westchester and Putnam counties, receiv-
ing his education at the North Salem Academy and
Amenia and Charlotteville seminaries, teaching the
district school one winter at Brewster.