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and has been a contributor to the London " Lan-
cet '' and different American medical journals.

In politics, he was a whig, then a free-soiler, then
a republican of the strictest sect.

He is a member of the Presbyterian church.

In December, 1847, Dr. Kelso riiarried Mrs. Ann
Washburn, widow of Frank Washburn, of Raynham,
Massachusetts. She died in 1867, leaving no chil-
dren by this union. In September, 1873, he married
Miss Emma Ogden, of Ackley.

Dr. Kelso originated the Union Agricultural So-
ciety, which for several years has held an annual
fair at Ackley, and has done much to cultivate a
spirit of emulation among farmers, stock-raisers and
manufacturers.



JAMES BARR, M. D.,

ALGONA.



DR. BARR is a native of Lanarkshire, Scotland,
the son of John Barr, a stone-cutter, and Janet
Shearer, and was born on the 25th of July, 1836.
Both families from whom he sprung were Cove-
nanters, and some of the Barrs were in the battle of
Drumclog.

At nine years of age James was apprenticed to
the weavers' trade. His health failing at the end of
four years, he was placed on a farm ; at seventeen
came to this country with the family ; worked in a
coal mine near Sharon, Pennsylvania, a short time;
removed to Trumbull county, Ohio, in 1854, and
worked on a large dairy farm until the spring of
1856, when he removed to Iowa, locating at Fayette,
Fayette county. After spending one season on a
farm, at twenty one he entered a district school, up
to that date not having had, in the aggregate, more
than one year's schooling. In a short time he en-
tered the Upper Iowa University, then recently lo-
cated at Fayette, and diligently pursued his studies
until the civil war commenced. During this time
he had no means of support except the earnings of
his own hand. Every dollar he ever possessed came
in the same way.

In September, 1861, Dr. Barr enlisted as a private
in the 12th Iowa Infantry, and soon after the battle
of Shiloh was appointed hospital steward, serving in
that capacity for three years. During the year 1865
the surgeons of the 12th were absent most of the



time on detached duty, when he had charge of the
regiment, and in September of that year was ap-
pointed assistant surgeon. In that capacity he served
until mustered out in February, 1866.

Returning to Fayette, he read medicine with Dr.
C. C. Parker, surgeon of the 12th Infantry; attend-
ed lectures at Rush Medical College, Chicago, and
there graduated in February, 1868.

After spending a short time in Mindoro, Wiscon-
sin, Dr. Barr located at Clermont, Iowa, practiced
there until May, 1869, when he settled in Algona,
and where he now has probably the most extensive
practice of any physician in Kossuth county, though
such information could not be obtained from him.
The doctor is a modest, quiet, unassuming gentle-
man, attending to the duties of his profession with
the utmost assiduity.

In 187 1 Dr. Barr was appointed United States
examining surgeon for pensions, and still holds that
office.

In February, 1876, he became a volunteer weather-
reporter for this immediate section of the state, and
makes his daily observations, reporting to Professor
Hinrichs, of Iowa City.

Dr. Barr has always voted with the republican
party, is firm in his political views, but not very
active in a political canvass. His profession has the
first claims on his time.

He is a Master Mason.



THE UNITED STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARV.



425



On the 15th of June, 1871, Miss Selina M. Brad-
shaw, of Davenport, Iowa, became his wife, and they
have three children.

Mrs. Barr is a graduate of the high school and
training school in Davenport ; was a teacher there
several years, and is a woman of no small degree of
intellectual polish. She and her husband are mem-
bers of the' Methodist Episcopal church; both are
active in the Sunday school, and the doctor is its
superintendent, and has been most of the time since
he settled in Algona.



Dr. Barr's experience in the army hospitals, as
steward and assistant surgeon, was an excellent
school to him, and aided him in laying a good foun-
dation on which to build in medical science, of
which he is a very close student. When he entered
the army he took some of his books with him, and
at first pursued his literary studies when not busy in
the hospital. He fitted himself, finally, for a sur-
geon's duties, often studying two hours or more be-
fore any one else was astir. Industry in so noble a
direction has been amply rewarded.



JOSEPH J. HUTCHINGS,

WINTERSET.



JOSEPH J. HUTCHINGS, son of Francis and
Elizabeth Turner Hutchings, is a native of In-
diana, and was born in Clark county, on the 29th of
November, 1825. His ancestors on his father's side
were from England ; settled first in Maryland, and
spread thence into Virginia and the southern and
western states. Francis Hutchings moved with his
family from Clark into Hendricks county when Jo-
seph was ten years old, where he was reared on a
farm, attending, during three or four months each
year, an excellent Quaker school. By dint of hard
study in that school he fitted himself to instruct,
and after teaching one term he moved to Iowa,
spending one year in Davis county. In the sum-
mer of 185 1 Mr. Hutchings taught in Jasper coun-
ty ; came into Madison county, and taught in the
country two winters, moving into Winterset, in the
interim, in the spring of 1852. Here he com-
menced trading in land, and success attended him
from the start. He took unwearied pains to show
new-comers and home-seekers the rich and beauti-
ful lands, the " unshorn prairies " of Madison coun-
ty, and aided hundreds to locate here, many of
whom are now among the most thrifty farmers in
this vicinity. Probably no man in Madison coun-
ty has done more to settle it with this class than
Mr. Hutchings.

In the autumn of 1872 he was one of the fore-
most men in organizing the Citizens' National Bank,
of which he has since been president. It is a pros-
perous institution. Indeed, almost everything the
hand of Mr. Hutchings touches is sure to thrive.
He is a shrewd business manager, strictly honest
and reliable, and has the full confidence of the



people. He keeps a land office separate from the
bank.

Mr. Hutchings was originally a whig, and for
twenty years has been a zealous, untiring worker
in the republican ranks. He helps his friends into
offices which he refuses to accept himself. His
heart is in the cause, and no man rejoices more
than he in the success of the republican candi-
dates.

Mr. Hutchings is a Chapter Mason, and here, as
in politics, he keeps out of office as much as possible.
He is a member of no church, but has a partiality for
the Quakers.

The wife of Mr. Hutchings was Miss Mary Bell,
of Winterset; married on the 28th of January, 1856.
They have one child, Flora, who was educated in
the female seminary at Mount Pleasant, Henry
county.

Mr. Hutchings has a dark complexion, a keen
hazel eye, is six feet tall, and weighs one hundred
and sixty-five pounds. He is quick on the feet,
alert for a bargain, and has a business education
and business tact second to no man in Winterset.
There is a good lesson in his life. He came to
Iowa a poor young man, bringing, it is said, his
worldly effects in a carpet-bag. When he came
into Madison county he walked from Newton, Jas-
per county, reaching Winterset, a distance of sev-
enty miles, in three days, through trackless prairies
and across bridgeless streams. He had to " rough
it " at times, in fare as well as travels, but took
things cheerfully as they came, had a hand willing
and ready for any work, and by his industry, pluck,
energy and good business capacities has become



426



THE UNITED STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONART.



one of the most independent and wealthy men in
Madison county.

It is men like him who have made Iowa what it
is — one of the best states in the great northwest.



It was through his influence and that of a few
other men that Winterset has an outlet by rail via
Des Moines. A few such enterprising men in a
place are a guarantee of a thriving city.



HON. CARL W. VON COELLN,



DES MOINES.



CARL WILHELN VON COELLN, state su-
perintendent of public instruction, is a Ger-
man by birth, and was born near Minden, West-
phalia, on the 31st of August, 1830. His parents
were Theodore Von Coelln, a clergyman, and Char-
lotta Evers.

He received his education at a Prussian gymna-
sium, and in the Universities of Bonn and Berlin,
serving one year as a volunteer in the artillery ser-
vice in the army.

He came to this country in 1855; soon mastered
our language ; taught in academies in Ashtabula,
Trumbull and Summit counties, Ohio, for five years,
and in 1861 became a resident of Iowa, still pur-
suing the vocation of a teacher. At first he was in
the public schools of Des Moines ; then at the head
of the graded school in Cascade, Dubuque county ;
and a little later he took the chair of mathematics
in Iowa College, Grinnell, occupying that chair for
nearly seven years, serving also part of the time as
deputy county superintendent of schools of Powe-
shiek county.

In 1872 he became principal of Westside Schools
in Waterloo, Black Hawk county, occupying that
position, with great acceptance, until September,
1876, when he was appointed state superintendent



of public instruction, to fill a vacancy caused by the
resignation of Colonel Alonzo Absonathy, now presi-
dent of the University of Chicago. In November of
the same year Mr. Von Coelln was elected to that
office by one hundred and fifty-three thousand ma-
jority, and reelected in October, 1877. He is filling
the office with marked ability.

He seems to be a born educator, and has the
happy faculty of infusing into others the mental life
and enthusiasm which he possesses in a large meas-
ure. His executive abilities are also good, and the
people of Iowa would seem to indicate by their vote
that he is admirably adapted to his position. His
manners, as well as mind, are polished, and, in the
noblest sense of the term, he is a gentleman. As a
scholar, he. has few superiors in the state.

Mr. Von Coelln came to this country just as the
great " party of freedom " were being formed, and
has uniformly acted with that party.

On the 19th of November, 1857, Miss Celia A.
Goodrich, of Ashtabula county, Ohio, became his
wife, and they have five children.

Mr. Von Coelln has the broad German face and a
very kindly look. If he ever had a bad habit, no
traces of it are in his countenance, which beams not
only with intelligence, but with the higher virtues.



HON. ELBRIDGE G. BOWDOIN,

ROCKFORD.



ELBRIDGE GRIDLEY BOWDOIN, of Floyd
, county, Iowa, was born at South Hadley
Falls, Hampshire county, Massachusetts, on the
i6th of February, 1820. His father, Hon, William
Bowdoin, of Huguenot origin, and a descendant of
the same ancestor as the Bowdoins of Boston, was
for more than forty years a practicing attorney of
the Massachusetts bar, and for several terms a mem-
ber of the Massachusetts senate.



The subject of this sketch was educated at Am-
herst College, Massachusetts, where he graduated in
1840. After graduating he commenced the study
of law, but subsequently, for some time, taught an
academy at Spencertown, Columbia county. New
York; and again, from 1842 to 1845, was similarly
^gaged at Milton, Caswell county. North Carolina.
Returning to Massachusetts the latter year, he re-
sumed his legal studies with Judge Henry Morris,



THE UNITED STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONART.



427



at Springfield, where, in May, 1847, h^ ^^s admitted
to practice by the supreme court of Massachusetts.
Immediately after he removed to Amherst, where
he entered into partnership with the Hon. Edward
Dickinson, with whom he continued in the practice
of his profession until 1855, when, owing to ill-
health, he made a journey to Iowa, which eventu-
ated in his becoming interested in real estate in
Floyd and the adjoining counties, and a resident of
the town of Rockford, of which he was one of the
original proprietors. In 1856 he was admitted to
the bar of Floyd county, but he never practiced
there. In 1859 he was elected a member of the
Iowa house of representatives, which met in i860,
from the district then composed of the counties of
Floyd, Cerro Gordo, Worth, Hancock and Winne-
bago, in which session he was a member of the
judiciary committee and chairman of the commit-
tee on schools and state universities. He was re-



elected to the assembly which met in 1862, in which
session he was chairman of the committee on ways
and means, and a member of the committee for
apportioning the state into congressional districts.
In 1860 he was a member of the Iowa delegation
to the national republican convention at Chicago
which nominated Mr. Lincoln. In December of
1863, going to Washington, he was made clerk of
the judiciary committee of the house of represen-
tatives, of which the Hon. James F. Wilson, of
Iowa, was chairman, which position he retained
for nearly ten years, six of them with Mr. Wilson
as chairman, and the remainder with Hon. John A.
Bingham, of Ohio, as chairman. Since that time
he has resided at Rockford, where he is the princi-
pal proprietor of the unoccupied town property,
and is engaged in farming and dealing in real es-
tate. He is one of the most public-spirited men in
the Shellrock valley.



WILLIAM H. REDMAN,



MONTEZUMA.



WILLIAM HENRY REDMAN, one of the
youngest and most prosperous attorneys of
Montezuma, was born in the town of Genesee
Grove, Whiteside county, Illinois, on the sth of
March, 1840; his parents being Eli and Catherine
Owen Redman. His father, born in western Vir-
ginia, was a soldier in the war of 1812-15, receiving
a land warrant in consideration of his services.

William H. completed his academical education
at the Mount Carroll Seminary, Carroll county, Illi-
nois, and from that town enlisted as a private in
company C, 12th Illinois Cavalry, serving three
years in the ranks, being promoted from sergeant
to corporal, and thence through second and first
lieutenants to captain of the company. He partici-
pated in all the raids, skirmishes and battles of the
gallant 12th. That regiment was in the battle of
Bunker Hill, Virginia ; siege of Harper's Ferry ;
Williamsport, Maryland ; Dumphries, Virginia (all
in the autumn of 1862). At the last-mentioned
place Captain Redman was a prisoner eighteen
hours, and then made his escape. He was in the
Stoneman raid; at Gettysburg; at Williamsport a
second time ; at Falling Water ; at Chester Gap and
Culpepper Court House ; at Germany Ford and
Raccoon Ford on the Rapidan ; and ' at Stevens-



burg, Rappahannock Station and Brentsville. In
November, 1863, the regiment was sent to Chicago;
recruited to full strength the next month ; was sent
to Saint Louis in February, 1864, and veteranized ;
sent to New Orleans, and thence up the Red river,
under General Banks ; was subsequently in cavalry
raids at Liberty, Mississippi, and in Louisiana, and
still later in Arkansas. The regiment was reorgan-
ized at Memphis, Tennessee, in March, 1865, the
4th Illinois Cavalry being consolidated with it,
under the name of the 12th; and soon afterward
was in the famous Ripley raid, going thence to
Texas. There Captain Redman did provost-mar-
shal duty for a few months, by order of General
Mowry, and a little later commanded a post at
Livingston, Polk county, Texas, holding that posi-
tion from February, i866, until he mustered out his
company, at Houston, Texas, on the 29th of May,
1866; and a neater muster-roll than Captain Red-
man still possesses the writer never saw.

During the time he was in the service he was
never sick a day, never off duty, never failed to face
the enemy, and never received a wound. His mili-
tary record is as noble as his life is pure.

On leaving the service Captain Redman entered
the law department of the State University at Iowa



428



THE UNITED STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY.



City, and there graduated in December, 1869; since
practicing law with a growing business and rising
reputation, at Montezuma, where he settled in April,
1870.

He is in company with Major Carr (elsewhere
mentioned in this volume), and they are doing a
thrifty business in the abstract line and real estate,
as well as law.



Captain Redman has twice been mayor of Monte-
zuma, and has a high standing in the community.

In politics, he trains in the republican ranks.

He is connected with the Odd-Fellows.

The wife of Captain Redman was Miss Su€ P.
Ferguson, of Jefferson, Harrison county, Ohio ; mar-
ried on the 3d of March, 1870. They have had three
children, and lost two of them.



MOSES M. MOULTON,

MONTICELLO.



SOME early settlers in a town are purely selfish ;
they identify themselves with no public enter-
prises ; live wholly for themselves, and, dying, are
soon forgotten. Others, from the. start, make the
interests of the place their own ; promptly enlist in.
the movements likely to benefit the place, and are
foremost in every good work. Of this class is Moses
Montgomery Moulton, who settled in Monticello
when it had only a postoffice, one very small store
and a single mechanic shop. Here he has lived for
twenty years; has seen the stores gradually increase
to thirty, and banks, manufactories, churches, schools
and library associations spring up around, him ; and
he now has two thousand neighbors who take pleas-
ure in honoring him from time to time with different
official positions.

Mr. Moulton was born in Sandwich, Carroll coun-
ty. New Hampshire, on the 12th of January, 1832.
His father, Jeremiah Moulton, occupies the home-
stead, which has been in the hands of the Moulton
family more than a century. Many of the apple
trees standing on it are a hundred years old. The
mother of Moses was a Rice, a family long settled
in New Hampshire. She was a woman of excellent
principles, and reared her children, like many New
England mothers, in the ways of rectitude. Moses
worked on his father's farm until he was sixteen
years of age, attending the common school a few
months each year; he then connected himself with
the high school in his native town for a year or two,
laying a good foundation on which he subsequently
built as best he could alone. He learned the car-
penter's trade, and worked at it until he was twenty-
six years old, part of the time in New Hampshire,
two years in Dixon, Illinois, and two years in Monti-
cello. The last named place he reached on the 2 2d
of September, 1856.



In 1858 he opened an insurance and collecting
office, a business which he has steadily continued
with marked success for eighteen years.

Mr. Moulton was elected township clerk in 1857,
and held the office for ten years; has been notary
public since 1858, and secretary of the board of
education since the same date, except the year 1868,
when he was president of Jhe board.

The writer has known Mr. Moulton intimately
during all the time of his connection with educa-
tional matters, and has no hesitation in saying that
a more efficient man in such a cause it would be
difficult to find in Jones county. To him, with the
assistance of a few good backers, is owing the ex-
cellent system of instruction in Monticello. His
efforts in this line have been untiring, and are thor-
oughly appreciated by his fellow-citizens.

Mr. Moulton was appointed United States com-
missioner in 1867, and still holds the office. He has
been elected mayor twice, holding the office in i86g
and 1870.

Soon after coming to Iowa he began to read law,
his studies being much interrupted by a press of
business. He was admitted to the bar of Jones
county on the 23d of June, 1869, but has never
made a specialty of legal practice. He lets nothing
interfere with the insurance and collecting agency,
which is quite profitable. He is widely known and
eminently trustworthy.

Mr. Moulton is an Odd-Fellow, and member of
the grand lodge of the state; also a Knight Tem-
plar, and member of Trinity Commandery, No. 16,
of the Masonic fraternity.

He was a democrat until the rebellion broke out ;
has since voted the republican ticket.

On the loth of December, 1858, he married Miss
Amelia McDonald, of Monticello. She has five



THE UNITED STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY.



429



children, " and looks well to her household." She
heartily sympathizes with her husband in his efforts
to educate the children.

Mr. Moulton is compactly built and of the me-
dium" height, bordering on embonpoint, and weigh-
ing two hundred and twenty-five pounds. His



habits are of a strictly temperate character, and he
bears the image and superscription of good living
and superb health. He is a well-read and well-
posted man, talkative, lively and genial, and can
enjoy a good joke, whether it be at his own expense
or of his own originating.



ABRAHAM H. NEIDIG, A.M.,



MARSHALLTO WN.



AMONG the truly representative men of the
. northwest there is none who has exerted
and obtained a more universal respect than the
subject of this sketch. Colonel Abraham H. Nei-
dig was born at Carlisle, Cumberland county, Penn-
sylvania, on the 5th of September, 1839, and is of
Swiss origin. His ancestors came to America in
1615. His father, Johnathan Neidig, was born in
Dauphin county, Pennsylvania, in 1812 ; married
Catherine Hershe in 1833; came west in 1850, and
settled at Muscatine, Iowa. Being a man of con-
siderable means, he contributed liberally to our pub-
lic improvements. He was one of the founders of
Western College, Linn (bounty, Iowa, and moved to
that place in the year 1857. He died there in 187 1,
leaving a wife, one son and two daughters to mourn
his loss. He was a christian gentleman of the old
school, possessing thorough qualities of mind and
heart, that rendered him universally loved as well
as revered. Abraham spent his early years, or until
the age of seventeen, as most of the sons of the
substantial and energetic men of the past generation
were accustomed to spend them, namely, in attend-
ance upon the public schools and in being useful in
the store or on the farm as occasion seemed to re-
quire. At this age he entered Cornell College,
Iowa, and his name appears in the first printed
catalogue of that flourishing institution. After
completing the usual preparatory course of study
he entered college proper at Western, and pursued
the classical course until two terms prior to the
graduating of his class, when he entered the army,
enlisting in company D, 44th Iowa Infantry. Being
so thoroughly prepared to graduate before leaving,
the college faculty several years ago conferred on
him the degree of B.A. and A.M.

In 1865 he took a thorough business course at
the Iron City Commercial College, Pittsburgh, Penn-
sylvania, to prepare himself for mercantile pursuits.
43



He purchased a dry-goods store at Western, which
he managed for several years, then changing bought
a drug store which he operated for almost five years,
the last year of which he also had charge of the
Western " Gazette." As an editor, his ability was
soon widely acknowledged, and while yet dealing in
drugs he was invited by the stockholders of the
Cedar Rapids " Daily and Weekly Republican " to
remove to Cedar Rapids and take editorial charge
of that influential paper, which offer he accepted,
although he knew that to do so would be at a finan-
cial sacrifice, as he would be compelled to lock up
his drug store and finally sell it out at a loss. He,
however, had so strong a taste for editorial work
that he determined to make it his life business and
enter a wider field than the " Gazette " furnished.
In 1873, -the second year of his connection with the
Cedar Rapids " Republican," he was elected chair-
man of the republican state central committee, and
had the management when the anti-monopoly move-
ment was at its height, threatening a dissolution of
the republican party. He threw great energy into
the campaign, and had the credit of carrying one of
the most difficult and successful campaigns in the
state. In 1874 he purchased a three-fourths interest
in the Marshalltown " Republican." In 1875 he in-
augurated another edition to the paper, now issuing
two papers per week, semi-weekly and weekly " Re-
publican." It has the largest circulation of any
newspaper in the fifth congressional district. At
this writing Mr. Neidig is secretary of the Iowa
Press Association, now serving a second term, also
president of the Marshalltown Public Library As-
sociation. In March, 1878, he was appointed a