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and generally takes one side or the other very de-
cidedly, which he maintains as decidedly. He held
the position of chief clerk of the house of repre-
sentatives of Iowa during one session.

He was also a member of the convention which
framed the first constitution of the State of Iowa in
1846. Hewas likewise- a member of the house of
representatives of the state at a special session held
in 1856, and has held some smaller offices, besides
being judge of the seventh judicial district of Iowa
for about nine years. He is not a member of any
religious denomination.

He was married on the i6th of November, 1842,
to Miss Calista A. Hannaman, daughter of R. L.



Hannaman, Esq., of Knoxville, Illinois, with whom
he has lived very happily. Although many years an
invalid, his wife is one of the most amiable of her
sex, and for pure goodness of heart, thoughtful and
unselfish care of others, has but few equals. They
have two sons grown up, Evert F. and Clayton S. ;
the former has adopted the profession of his father,
and the other is an officer in the United States navy,
both possessed of fine talents, high literary attain-
ments, and destined to honor and usefulness.

Judge Richman is of rather a metaphysical turn
of mind, of quick perceptions, strong analytical
powers and remarkable penetration ; has not been
very fond of study, bift has read considerable, and
has a most tenacious memory. While on the bench
he has often got at the solution of a knotty point
with rare intuition, and made clear what seemed
doubtful and uncertain to the counsel by a brief re-
mark. He gave very general satisfaction as a judge,
and discharged his duties with great ability. He is
a man of remarkable firmness and decision, exer-
cising perfect control over his passions, and yet with-
al is quick and sensitive. As an advocate, he can
state a point clearly in fewer words than the gener-
ality of attorneys. At times he has been known to
be caustic and bitter toward opposing counsel and
their clients ; he usually makes' a strong argument,
and is quick to perceive, utilize or turn to advan-
tage unexpected developments in the trial of a case.
His chief force as a writer and speaker is clearness
and condensation. He can hardly be called an ora-
tor, yet he is forcible and peculiarly interesting ;
rarely indulges in quotation, but when he does so it
will be found to be very apposite. He has a high
ideal standard, and the fear of falling short of it has
doubtless prevented the more frequent use of his
pen in the literary department.

In 1854 he delivered a lecture in Muscatine, en-
titled " Utilitarianism," which exhibited careful
thought and deep research. It was highly appreci-
ated, and by general request was printed in pam-
phlet form for circulation. He is a profound thinker,
and can speak with great vigor when forced to the
platform, but ordinarily he is a man of few words.
He makes strong friends, but has very few intimate
ones of choice, but these he will defend, when as-
sailed, to the last extremity. He is of a remarkably
peaceful disposition, but when driven to the wall
his assailant had better " look a leedle out," as the
Dutchman said, for some one is likely to get hurt.

He delights in all sorts of public entertainments



THE UNITED STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY.



547



and gatherings, from the most grave and profound
literary lecture to the most fantastic negro-minstrel
performance ; this is so well understood in the com-
munity that he is always expected at public enter-
tainments.

He was one of the early settlers of Muscatine,
and has been intimately identified with its history
and interests up to the time of his removal to Daven-
port, and has taken an active part in all its public
enterprises. Although naturally inclined to be in-



dolent, yet he has accomplished a vast amount of
work-; when once aroused and interested, he goes
onward with great celerity, and produces desired
results in a brief space of time.

He has had large experience in his profession ;
very few important cases have been tried in eastern
Iowa, where he has been accustomed to practice,
with which he has not been connected, and the
present firm of Cook and Richman have an exten-
sive and lucrative practice in all the courts.



HON. LLOYD SELBY,



COR r DON.



ONE of the most successful business men and
prominent citizens of Wayne county, Iowa, is
Lloyd Selby, a merchant in Corydon since 1856.
He was born in Licking county, Ohio, on the 26th of
November, 1833, and comes from an old Maryland
family. His father, John Selby, a mechanic in his
younger years, is living with his son in Corydon, and
is now in his eightieth year. The mother of Lloyd
was Clarinda Herrick, whose father died in Janes-
ville, Wisconsin, a few years ago, aged ninety-three
years.

Lloyd had a very ordinary common-school educa-
tion. At fourteen he was employed in a store at
Johnstown, and he has made the commercial busi-
ness his life-work. When of age he left Licking
county, came to Corydon, Iowa, and has here been
in trade twenty-two years. He has carried on farm-
ing and stock-raising by proxy while merchandising,
and is no doubt the best business man in this vicin-
ity. He has three well improved farms in Wayne
county, others in the states of Missouri and Kansas,



and is a heavy stockholder in the Wayne County
Bank, located at Corydon, which is the county seat.
He has been its president since its organization in
1875. He has one of the best homesteads in the
county, one-fourth of a mile east of the city limits,
and is a hospitable, christian gentleman.

Mr. Selby was elected state senator in 1873, to
fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Hon.
M. Read, and served in the fifteenth general assem-
bly, doing good work on four or five committees.
He has been quite active at times in the Corydon
school board, and has held other local offices, being
a practical, energetic and serviceable citizen, ready
for any work that will advance the interests of the
town or county.

He is a Royal Arch Mason ; a member of the
Methodist Episcopal church, and a man of pure and
noble qualities of character.

In January, 1862, he was joined in wedlock with
Mrs. M. L. Miller, daughter of James May, of Penn-
sylvania, and they have two children.



HON. THOMAS MITCHELL,



MITCHELL VILLB.



SOMETHING more than a year before the terri-
tory now embraced within the county of Polk
was, according to the treaty stipulations made by the
United States government with the Sacs and Foxes,
opened for settlement, the subject of this sketch,
who is now one of the oldest and most highly re-
spected citizens of that county, located twelve miles
east of Fort Des Moines, entered a claim and built



a comfortable log cabin, which was used as a hotel
for a number of years. He was at that time in the
prime of youthful manhood, having been born on
the 3d of March, 1816, among the granite hills of
Claremont, Sullivan county. New Hampshire, where
his early life was spent acquiring those sterling traits
of character for which the sturdy sons of New Eng-
land have so long been noted.



548



THE UNITED STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONART.



His father, William Mitchell, was born near Bos-
ton, Massachusetts, and moved to Claremont when
about twenty-three years of age. He was of Scotch-
Irish descent, as was also his mother, whose maiden
name was Dolly Blake, who was a native of Hamp-
ton, New Hampshire. When young Thomas was
about sixteen years of age his father died, leaving a
large family with little means of support. He soon
obtained work on a neighboring farm, where he con-
tinued to labor for about seven years, completing his
limited education by attending district schools in the
neighborhood.

He started west in November, 1839, and spent the
first winter in St. Charles county, Missouri, and in
the following March removed to Fairfield, Jefferson
county, Iowa, where he continued to reside about four
years. In April, 1842, he was elected one of the
commissioners of Jefferson county, and served for
two years, when he again removed and located at
the crossing of Camp Creek, then Indian county,
where he has since continuously resided. In 1846
he helped to organize Polk county, and was in the
fall of that year elected its first sheriff. Two years
later he ran for representative, the district contain-
ing thirteen counties, but was defeated by Manly
Giffbrd, of Jasper county. He was, however, in 1857
elected to represent Polk and Jasper counties in the



first legislature which met at Des Moines, and took
his seat in that body in January, 1858.

In 1859 he was elected one of the supervisors of
Polk county, which office he held by reelection for a
period of six years.

In the fall of 1873 he was nominated and elected
to a seat in the upper house of the Iowa general
assembly, of which body he has since been an active
and influential member.

He was first married on the 14th of August, 1841,
to Almira, daughter of Benjamin Swift, a farmer, then
of Thetford, Vermont, by whom he had five chil-
dren, as follows : Oran F., lieutenant of company I,
8th Iowa Cavalry, who died at Waverly, Tennessee,
on the 8th of March, 1864, aged twenty-two years;
Mary Ann, the wife of M. R. Hoxie, who has three
children, Thomas Mitchell, Carrie and Elsie ; Charles
Melvill, aged twenty-six, a farmer of Polk county,
Iowa, who is married to Lizzie Delong, and has one
son, named William Delong ; and the youngest, Wal-
ter A., eighteen years of age, who is attending school
at the seminary of Mitchellville. Mrs. Mitchell died
on the 1 6th of June, i860, aged about forty years.

Mr. Mitchell was married on the 17th of June,
187 1, to Anna C. Mattern, by whom he has two chil-
dren, Harry Herbert and Maud, aged respectively
six and two years.



ALLEN BROOMHALL, LL. B.,

MUSCATINE.



ALLEN BROOMHALL, attorney and counselor
xV at law, and president of the board of directors
of the public schools of Muscatine, was born in Bel-
mont county, Ohio, on the 26th of May, 1834, his par-
ents being James Broomhall and Rebecca nh Bond,
who were members of the Society of Friends (Hicks-
ite). The Broomhall family is of English origin, the
founders of it in America having settled in Chester
county, Pennsylvania, soon after the first landing of
William Penn, where a large colony of the descend-
ants are still to be found.

The father of our subject moved to Ohio with his
parents in the year 1808, where he subsequently mar-
ried Rebecca Bond, who was also descended from
the Penn Colony stock. He died in 1837, leaving
four orphan children, three of whom were older than
our subject.

An heirloom, very highly prized, which has de-



scended from father to son for the last two hundred
years, being now in the possession of our subject, is
a huge tome of " William Penn's Sermons," bearing
date as far back as 1650.

Allen Broomhall received the rudiments of his
education in the log school-houses of his native
place, and subsequently took a course in the clas-
sical institute at Barnesville, Belmont county, Ohio.
He removed to Iowa in 1856, and settled in West
Liberty, Muscatine county, where he purchased and
improved several farms, and made some profitable
investments in real estate. In 1857 he removed to
Atalissa. in the same county, where he started a
lumber yard, and conducted several other enter-
prises. He also commenced the study of law under
the direction of Hon. J. Carskadden, of Muscatine,
which he pursued with pertinacity during his leisure
hours.



THE UNITED STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY.



549



In 1859 he became agent of the Rock Island and
Pacific Railroad Company at Atalissa, a position
which he retained some five years, discharging the
duties mainly by deputy, however.

In 186 1 he was admitted to the bar in Muscatine,
but did not enter fully upon the practice of his pro-
fession until 1866. Meantime he spent a year at
the Cincinnati Law School, from which he gradu-
ated in the spring of the last named year with the
honorable degree of LL.B.

He had previously formed a partnership with the
Hon. D. C. Cloud for the practice of law, which
continued successfully for nine years.

In 187s he formed a law partnership with the
Hon. J. Scott«Richman, the latter to reside in Dav-
enport, which continued in force until February,
1877, since which period he has been without a
partner.

Mr. Broomhall has always been an earnest advo-
cate of popular education ; of new and better school-
houses; higher standards of scholarship; increase of
teachers' salaries, with improved tuition and a more
constant and earnest appreciation of the work of
the schools. He had for several years agitated the
erection of a new high-school building for Musca-
tine, and upon this issue, in 1873, he was elected
president of the Muscatine board of education, a
position which he has since retained. In 1874, the
law being meantime varied, he was elected a mem-
ber of the board of education for three years, and
by that body was annually elected president of the
organization during that term. In 1877 he was
again elected a director for a period of three years,
and at the first meeting of the new board was again
elected to the presidency, and is perhaps among the
best and most popular school officers of the state.
To his efforts and influence are largely due the erec-
tion of the splendid institution above alluded to.

He also advocated and finally carried, in 1873,
the measure providing for the appointment of a
special committee to examine applicants for situa-
tions in the public schools, which has resulted in
giving a superior class of teachers, and benefiting
in a great measure the public-school service.

The city of Muscatine regards the president of its
school board as occupying, the most honorable and
important office in its gift; and it is because Mr.
Broomhall has so honored and exalted the office
that it now gratefully reflects so much of its lustre
upon him.

Mr. Broomhall is a member of the Masonic order;



was worthy master of a blue lodge for five years,
and is a member of the Royal Arch Chapter. He
is also a member of the Ancient Order of United
Workmen, and was the first presiding officer of Mus-
catine Lodge, No. 99, of this order.

Our subject was raised in the communion of the
Society of Friends of the Hicksite branch, in which
he had a birthright; but in the year 1865 his re-
ligious views underwent a change which led him to
unite with the Congregational church, of which he
has since been a consistent member and office-
holder.

Educated in the school of Elias Hicks, his po-
litical views were naturally molded on the "aboli-
tion '' plan. He was taught to regard slavery as the
crowning sin of this nation, and accordingly his
first Presidential vote was cast for John C. Fremont
in 1856; since then he has acted with the republi-
can party. He has never sought office, however,
preferring the quiet, unostentatious pursuit of his
profession, and the social enjoyments of family and
friends.

On the 2ist of June, 18,157, he married Miss Har-
riet Fowler, of Barnesville, Ohio, a most excellent
christian lady; she died on the 17th of September,
1876, leaving a family of three interesting daugh-
ters; Ella, Elizabeth and Mary Rebecca. The eld-
est is a graduate of the Muscatine High School, and
is now making preparation for the completion of
her education in the Iowa State University, and is
a young lady of large promise. The second is a
member of the high school, and the youngest is fol-
lowing after as rapidly as possible.

Mr. Broomhall is a gentleman of very fine appear-
ance, nearly six feet high, and weighing one hun-
dred and seventy pounds ; erect figure, fair com-
plexion, dark hair and eyes, regular features, easy
manners and pleasing address; quick in his sympa-
thies, kind and unselfish ; a total abstainer from all
ardent beverages and tobacco.

It is often said of him that he is too honest to be
a lawyer; too truthful to serve the client who seeks
to win his case by deceit or trickery.

As a practitioner, he enjoys in the fullest measure
the confidence and esteem of the courts, the bar
and the people. It is, however, by his office of
president of the school board that he is best known
to the public. Though, as the attorney of several
of the largest business interests of the city, and with
an extensive outside clientage, he is compelled to
economize his time to meet his professional and



550



THE UNITED STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY.



public engagements. He is not fond of the excite-
ment and wrangle of the forum, and prefers to be
recognized rather as a chamber counselor. His
theory is that the only reasonable parties to be ad-
dressed are the- parties in the case, who can sooner
be made to agree by the fair speech of one lawyer
in his law office, than by twelve jurymen, contend-
ing counsel, and any number of district or supreme
judges.

Following his own pleasant line of practice in his



chosen profession, and blessed with the contentment
resulting from a pleasant home and cultured chil-
dren, he has beautifully demonstrated, in the years
he has unselfishly given to the pubhc service with-
out fee or hope of reward, that the true citizen
never surrenders to the charms of his fireside or the
calls of his profession the allegiance he owes to
mankind.

He is a director and secretary of the Hershey
Lumber Manufacturing Company of Muscatine.



COLONEL WILLIAM PATTERSON,

KEOKUK.



WILLIAM PATTERSON, ex-mayor of Keo-
kuk, Iowa, was born in Wythe county, Vir-
ginia, on the 9th of March, 1802, and is the son of
Joseph and Jane Patterson nee Walker, of Scotch-
Irish descent. When he was five years of age his
father moved to Kentucky, settling in Adair county,
where he had the advantage of a common-school
education, attending school in the winter and assist-
ing on the farm in the summer. He had a taste for
farming, and intended to make it the occupation of
his life. He left Kentucky in 1829 and settled in
Marion county, Missouri ; remained three years and
moved thence to Sangamon county, near Springfield,
Illinois. Here he remained till 1837, when he set-
tled on a farm at West Point, Lee county, Iowa,
then a portion of Wisconsin Territory. Here he
lived till 1846, and becoming tired of farming, came
to Keokuk and opened a store in connection with
furnishing boats with produce and meat. Keokuk
at that time was a small village of one hundred and
fifty to two hundred inhabitants, built upon the edge
of the river, and the hill upon which the city now
stands was covered with woods. In connection with
his mercantile pursuits he commenced the business
of pork-packing as an experiment, till 1848, when
he sold his interest in merchandise and engaged
exclusively in pork-packing, and now packs on an
average twenty thousand hogs per annum. Few
business men in Keokuk have been more successful
than Colonel Patterson, and his success is a good
illustration of what may be achieved by persever-
ing steadily in one branch of business. He has fol-
lowed pork-packing exclusively for over thirty years,
and the result of this steady perseverance and good
management is seen in the large and lucrative busi-



ness which he has built up, which not only affords
him a handsome income but adds an important in-
terest to the trade of Keokuk.

Colonel Patterson has from the early settlement
taken a prominent part in public affairs. He was
elected a member of the first legislature of the
Territory of Iowa in 1838, and while in that body
was influential in settling the disturbance about the
boundary line between this portion of Iowa and
Missouri. He was commissioned colonel of militia
by Governor Lucas, of Iowa, and during the border
troubles received the following order :

[General Order No, i.]

Headquarters, Burlington, I. T.
December 7, 1839.

Colonel William Patterson:

Sir, — In pursuance of an order from the commander-in-
chief under date of the 6th instant, and in compliance with
the requisition from the deputy marshal of same date, you
are hereby directed to furnish from your regiment one com-
pany of mounted men, armed and equipped for active ser-
vice, directing the officer to have his command properly
furnished with the necessary implements and munitions of
war, and that he report to me at Farmington, Van Buren
county, with the least possible delay.

I. B. Browne,
Maj.-Gen. Commanding ist Div. Iowa Militia.

The company was ordered forward, but by efforts
of Colonel Patterson and some of his colleagues in
the legislature, prevented the effusion of blood ; the
militia were disbanded, and soon after congress es-
tablished the boundary line according to the claim
of Iowa. ■ He was several times elected to the leg-
islature, both to the upper and lower house, and
served in all during nine sessions, regular and spe-
cial. He was a member of the Constitutional con-
vention which convened in Iowa City in 1857. He
has been elected three times mayor of Keokuk, and
was postmaster of Keokuk seven years.



THE UNITED STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONART.



551



Colonel Patterson was for a long time president of
the Des Moines Improvement Company. He was
one of the principal movers and most liberal donors
to the erection of Westminster Church, of Keokuk,
which is one of the most beautiful church edifices
in the state.

He has been a leading member of the Presbyte-



rian faith for forty years, and was the first elder of
the Old School Presbyterian church elected in Iowa
in 1837.

His life has been one of ceaseless activity and in-
dustry, and is remarkable for energy and courage.
Socially, he is pleasant and affable, and no one has
more friends in the community.



ANDERSON J. SMITH, M.D.,

DE SOTO.



ANDERSON JEFFERSON SMITH, for whose
r\. especial benefit congress passed a bill in 1876,
is a native of Indiana, and was born in Harrison
county on the 12th of October, 1832. His parents
were John S. Smith, stonemason and house-builder,
and Hannah Ford. His paternal grandfather, John
Smith, was in both wars with England, and was killed
in the battle of New Orleans on the 8th of January,
1815. His maternal great-grandfather, Benjamin
Ford, was in the first war mentioned, and his ma-
ternal grandfather, John D. Ford, was killed in the
second, at Black Rock, now in the city of Buffalo,
New York.

Anderson J. received a common-school educa-
tion, and learned the house-builder's trade ; worked
at it in 'Harrison county until 1850, when he re-
moved to Clark county, Illinois, entered land and
worked it three seasons, devoting half of this time
to the study of medicine.

In 1853 he removed to Clinton, DeWitt county, in
the same state; completed his medical studies, and
in 1855 commenced practice at Petersburg, Menard
county. The following year he settled at Spring-
field, the capital of the state, practicing there until
after the civil war had commenced.

In August, 1862, Dr. Smith raised a company for
the 130th Illinois Infantry Volunteers; was elected
captain of company A, but declined the position and
went in as second sergeant of that company. For
a short time, while at Camp Butler, near Springfield,
he had entire medical charge of the regiment. He
served in the field as a soldier until the 8th of April,
1864, when he was taken prisoner at the battle of
Sabine Cross Roads, Louisiana. He was taken to
Camp Ford, near Tyler, Smith county, Texas, and
held a prisoner fourteen months. Four weeks after
being taken Governor Yates promoted him to first
lieutenant for especial service in the battle just men-



tioned, in which he exhibited great coolness, self-
possession and bravery, but the commission did not
reach him for more than a year afterward. During
the time he was a prisoner he built a rude hospital,
and managed it in the interest of the sick prisoners,
the confederates furnishing neither shelter nor sur-
geon, nothing but a little medicine. He was released
on the 17th of May, 1865, by the breaking up of the
war, and mustered out just one month later. When
the rebel guards left he had two hundred and eighty-
six sick soldiers on his hands, and brought them all
through to our lines except one man, William Mar-
tin, who was left at Shreveport, Louisiana.

The knowledge of Dr. Smith's hospital services
whil-e a prisoner coming before congress, the milita-
ry committee of the lower house made the following
report :

Tlte Cominitiee on Military Affairs., to vjhom tvas referred the
bill (H. R. S97) for the relief of Anderson J. Smithy re-