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j>ort the same hack imth a recommendation thai the same do
j>ass, and also report the following statement of facts:
It appears from the testimony that Andei-son J. Smith,
then a sergeant in company A, 77th Illinois Volunteers,
was captured, in the line of his duty, on the 8th daj of
April, 1864, and detained as a prisoner of war at Camp
Ford, in Texas, until the 17th day of May, 1865. That dur-
ing this time he rendered valuable service as a physician
and surgeon to the United States prisoners at that place.
He was commissioned by Governor Yates, of Illinois, first
lieutenant of company A, of the 130th Illinois Volunteers,
on the 22d day of July, 1864, with rank from the 6th day of
May, 1864, but owing to the fact that he was detained as
prisoner never received his commission. That he has been
honorably discharged from service. As he was unable to
perform the duties of first lieutenant, by reason of confine-
ment as prisoner, and did voluntarily and ably perform the
duties of assistant surgeon, the committee consider that he
is entitled to pay as such, and report accordingly.

Subsequently the following act was passed by the
forty-fourth congress, July, 1876 :

AN ACT FOR THE RELIEF OF ANDERSON J. SMITH.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of
the United States of America in Congress assembled. That
the paymaster-general of the army be, and he is hereby.



552



THE UNITED STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY.



directed to pay to Anderson J.. Smith, late of company A,
130th regiment of Illinois Volunteer Infantry, the pay and
allowances of an assistant surgeon in the army from the
sixth of May, eighteen hundred and sixty-four, to the date
of his muster-out of service on the seventeenth day of
June, eighteen hundred and sixty-five, deducting virhatever
pay he received for said term as sergeant; and that such
payment shall be made out of any money appropriated for
the pay of the army. Milton Sayler,

Speaker of the House of Representatives pro tempore.
T. W. Ferry,
President of the Senate pro tempore.

After the prisoners of the 130th and other regi-
ments yitxt. released, and while on their way from New
Orleans to Saint Louis on the steamer Magenta, on
the 7th of June, 1865, twenty-one commissioned offi-
cers, from four or five different states, signed a paper in
which they speak of Dr. Smith's services as a soldier,
physician and surgeon in the strongest terms of com-



mendation. He received the act of congress, one
thousand one hundred and sixty-six dollars and
ninety-eight cents.

At the close of the war Dr. Smith settled in Dal-
las county, Iowa, reaching here on the 9th of No-
vember, 1865, and he has since that date been, in
practice, having an extensive ride. Since 1869 his
home has been in De Soto, a pleasant little village
on the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific railroad.
The doctor is a well-informed man, and. a valuable
citizen.

On the 25 th of December, 1855, he was united in
marriage with Miss Caroline Brown, of Sweet Water,
Menard county, Illinois, and they have two. sons and
one daughter: Charles H., James William and Mary
A. Smith.



CHARLES H. SPENCER,

GRINNELL.



AMONG the enterprising men who have built up
l\. Grinnell from the nucleus of a village to a
city of three thousand inhabitants is Charles H.
Spencer, who settled here when the place contained
less than twenty-five families, and who has been
thoroughly identified with all its interests. He is a
native of Saybrook, Connecticut, is a son of Sylves-
ter Spencer, for many years a notary public and
bank clerk, and was born on the 6th of June, 1824.
The maiden name of his mother was Elizabeth
Clarke, whose father, Ezra Clarke, was a soldier in
the revolution, aiding the colonies to gain their free-
dom from the British yoke. The Spencers were from
England, three brothers coming over about two cen-
turies ago, one of them settling in New York, and the
other two in Connecticut. From one of the latter
brothers sprang the branch to which Charles Henry
belongs.

At the age of twelve years he went to New York
city, and served as a runner boy in a bank for three
years ; then went to Great Bend, Jefferson county,
in the northern part of the state, and clerked in a
store; a few years later became proprietor of the
store ; remained in that place about twelve years, in
mercantile trade, and in the winter of 1856 settled
in Grinnell, where for twenty-one years he has been
one of the leading business men.

After merchandising here alone for three years
Mr. Spencer went into the drug business, in partner-



ship with Dr. Thomas C. Holyoke, whose life is re-
corded in other pages of this work, and continued
that business connection until the demise of the
doctor in 1876. They instituted at an early day a
small exchange office, which grew into the First Na-
tional Bank of Grinnell, organized by Mr. Spencer
and others in 1865, and going into operation in
March, 1866. He became its cashier, and has held
the office ever since, making it not only a very firm
but very popular institution. In earnestness and
expedition in business Mr. Spencer is unexcelled in
Grinnell, and the confidence of the people in his
honesty is unlimited.

Mr. Spencer has been a member of the Congrega-
tional church since i860, and has at different times
held the offices of trustee and treasurer of the so-
ciety.

He has also been treasurer.of Iowa College, which
is located at Grinnell. He has probably had more
money pass through his hands than any other man
in Grinnell, and not a dollar of it has failed to be
accounted for. A truer or more trustworthy man
it would be difficult to find anywhere.

Politically, Mr. Spencer is a republican, with whig
antecedents, but as much as possible he has shunned
office, though he is now one of the county super-
visors.

On the 6th of February, 1850, Mr. Spencer chose
for his life companion Miss Mary A. Haworth, of



THE UNITED STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY.



553



Evans Mills, Jefferson county, New York, and they
had four children, three of them yet living, two sons
and one daughter. Henry C. and Louis E. are
graduates of the Agricultural College at Ames, and
Mary is a student in Iowa College. Henry C. is
assistant cashier of the First National Bank of Grin-
nell, and Louis E. is in the law school at Des Moines,
all children of good promise.



Mr. Spencer is generous-hearted, very liberal, and
a true neighbor, never forgetting the injunction of
the Savior to remember the poor. His charities
are distributed in the most quiet and private man-
ner. He is also a warm friend of the young, often
giving them, in an unobtrusive and most kindly man-
ner, words of advice which are " like apples of gold
in pictures of silver."



CAPTAIN ORLO H. LYON,

ROCKFORD.



ORLO HENRY LYON, banker and postmaster
at Rockford, Floyd county, is descended from
an old English family which early settled in Connec-
ticut, and is a relative of General Lyon, who perished
in the battle of Wilson Creek, Missouri, in the sum-
mer of 1861. The parents of Orlo were Asa Lyon,
a farmer, and Sabra Ann ne'e Skinner, and were liv-
ing in Woodstock, Windham county, Connecticut, at
the time of his birth, on the 20th of January, 1835.
The son farmed until fourteen years old ; was edu-
cated at the academies at South Woodstock, Con-
necticut, and Dudley, Massachusetts ; taught school
one winter when sixteen; at seventeen entered a
store at Thompson, and clerked there and at Wood-
stock three or four years ; in February, 1856, came
to Cedar Falls, Iowa, and resumed the same busi-
ness ; remained there about a year and a half, and
in August, 1857, settled in Rockford. In company
with J. S. Child he built a store, making the mortar
with his own hands and acting as hod-carrier ; and
the firm of Child and Lyon, dealers in general mer-
chandise, continued about a dozen years. Mr. Child
was elected county treasurer, and for two years Mr.
Lyon was alone in trade. Mr. Child's term of office
having expired, the old firm continued about two
years more.

During -the second and third winters that Mr.
Lyon was at Rockford, business being somewhat
dull, after the crash of 1857, he taught school: one
season at Rock Falls, the other at Rockford.

During the last eight years he has been postmas-
ter. He was one of the editors and proprietors of
the "Reveille " between two and three years, and its
sole proprietor one year, selling out in July, 1877.
On the ist of August of the same year he went in-
to the banking business in company with Ralph C.
Mathews, a son of the late R. N. Mathews, of the
56



old firm of Mathews and Son. For the last ten or
twelve years he has also been an extensive farmer,
and has three hundred acres under cultivation, op-
erating in this branch mainly through renters.

In the month of August, 1861, he enlisted as a pri-
vate in the 3d Iowa Battery, which at first was con-
nected with the 9th Infantry, but subsequently was
by itself He was in a large number of battles, had
his horse wounded two or three times, served four
years and two or three months, and never was scar-
red, and was promoted eight times, coming out as
captain. The adjutant-general's report of the State
of Iowa, made during the rebellion, speaks of Cap-
tain Lyon's bravery and efficient operations during
more than one engagement with the enemy. In the
battle at Helena, Arkansas, on the 3d of July, 1863,
the 3d Iowa Battery took quite a conspicuous part.
Lieutenant Lyon during the entire engagement "en-
couraging his men to deeds of valor by his exam-
ple." He had his horse wounded twice severely,
though not fatally. The report of M. C. Wright,
first lieutenant commanding 3d Iowa Battery, states
that Lieutenant Lyon, during the charge on battery
C, " changed the position of his six-pound gun to
command the ravine running westward from the
Catholic Church, and by his fire contributed very
materially in repulsing the enemy.'' The Shellrock
valley furnished many brave soldiers during the civil
war, none, probably, braver than Captain Lyon.

He is active in times of peace as a christian sol-
dier; has been a member of the Congregational
church for twenty years, and has superintended the
Sunday-school for a long time. He is a man of
pure and generous impulses; has always been phil-
anthropic and humane in his feelings, and a thor-
ough hater of oppression.

He has never voted any but the republican ticket,



554



THE UNITED STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONART.



In October, 1877, he was elected representative for
the sixty-ninth assembly district, having a majority
of more that nine hundred votes.

His wife was Belle A. Bradford, of Milwaukee,
Wisconsin, and they have six children. Their union
dates from the 23d of April, 1867.



In railroad, educational and other public enter-
prises Captain Lyon has always been prompt to act
and efficient in his work. In stature, he is below the
average height, being only five feet and six inches
tall. His weight is one hundred and forty pounds.
His social qualities are excellent.



RUFUS H. WYMAN, M. D.,



KEOKUK.



RUFUS H. WYMAN, M.D., was born in Oswego
county, New York, on the 24th of March, 1817;
obtained his early education at Middlebury, Vermont,
and studied medicine with the celebrated Dr. Pyth-
ian, of Johnstown, and graduated with high honors
at the Medical University of Pennsylvania at Phila-
delphia in 1843, and engaged in practice at Stoyes-
town, Pennsylvania, remaining three years. In 1846
he removed to Bonaparte, Van Buren county, Iowa,
and in 1847, in conjunction with the late eminent
surgeon. Dr. John F. Sanford, administered chloro-
form the first time it was ever used in the west in a
capital operation. In 1853 he removed to Keokuk
and became the partner of Dr. Sanford, and, except
for a short time he was absent in the army as a sur-
geon, has resided there ever since, being engaged
with marked success in a very extensive first-class
lucrative practice.

In 1861 he was commissioned surgeon of the 21st
regiment Missouri Volunteer Infantry, commanded
by that gallant soldier Colonel David Moore, who
lost a leg at the battle of Shiloh, Tennessee. On
the 6th of April, 1862, his regiment was the first en-
gaged on the morning of the battle, and surgeon Wy-
man had the honor of performing the first capital
surgical operation that day in amputating the leg. of
the colonel of his own regiment on a steamer at
Pittsburgh Landing. The steamers at that place
were soon crowded with wounded officers and men



brought in from the field of battle, and as no proper
preparation had been made for their reception, all
was bustle and confusion. Being the ranking surgeon,
Dr. Wyman organized and directed everything, and
with almost superhuman energy and activity soon
brought order out of chaos, and had all the wounded
properly and carefully attended to.

He amputated the arm of Colonel M. M. Bane, of
the 50th Illinois Infantry ; and in all major opera-
tions he took personal charge, directing all the less
experienced surgeons under his command in minor
cases. Though physically a powerful man, his pro-
fessional duties, compassing weeks of fatigue and
exposure in the care of the sick and wounded in a
malarious atmosphere, were too much for human
endurance, and he was stricken with typhoid pneu-
monia. In consequence of his protracted illness he
was reduced almost to a skeleton and totally unfitted
for duty in the field, and compelled to reluctantly
resign in June, 1862.

He was married to Miss Susan Moore, at Somer-
set, Pennsylvania, in June, 1865, by whom he has
one son and three daughters now living.

Dr. Wyman is a gentleman of fine personal ap-
pearance, tall and well formed, and straight as an
arrow ; has a winning address and fascinating man-
ner ; genial, open-hearted and generous, he has in
the course of his extensive practice always given
his professional services gratuitously to the poor.



JOHN S. CHILD,

ROCKFORD.



THE subject of this brief sketch is of New Eng-
land pedigree and birth, being born in Wood-
stock, Connecticut, on the 30th of September, 1833.
His parents, John Child, a successful farmer, and



Alice Walker, are excellent examples of the higher
type of Puritan character, honest, industrious, frugal,
rearing their children in the strictest principles of
integrity, and giving them to understand that idle-



THE UNITED STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONART.



555



ness is no part of their inheritance. Both parents
are still living, the father aged eighty-eight, and the
mother eighty-one. John Child has always been
noted for his christian integrity, and for doing well
whatever he undertakes to do. His wife has always
been a great reader, is thoroughly posted on all cur-
rent events, and on matters relating to the general
government; is quite ready and expert in argument,
and behaves that it is woman's duty equally with her
right to inform herself in all the practical knowl-
edge attainable by a careful husbanding of spare
time. She is a devoted christian, and has laid up
a rich store of treasure for the future. The writer
once heard her son remark that he felt indebted to
his parents for whatever success he has had in life.

John Spencer Child was educated in the select
school and academy of his native town ; subse-
quently taught for a season or two, and in March,
1857, immigrated to Iowa. He settled in Rockford,
engaged in mercantile business with a brother-in-
law, O. H. Lyon, now a banker in Rockford. The
firm of Child and Lyon, general dealers, continued
for twelve or fourteen years, and few houses in the
Shellrock valley were better known, and none^ had
a better name. They knew only one way of doing
business, that of dealing fairly and honestly with all
customers.

Mr. Child is still in trade, having for the last five



years operated alone. His eldest son, Harris M., a
very competent young man, only eighteen years old,
is managing the entire business, purchasing as well
as selling goods. Mr. Child has had marked success
in business, and not enjoying very good health, trav-
els more or less, and lives partially at his ease.

Mr. Child was treasurer of Floyd county for two
years, commencing on the ist of January, 1870, and
during that time was also interested in trade. He
left' the treasurer's office with a clean balance-sheet.

In politics, he is a republican ; in religion, he is a
Congregationalist, and is benevolent, active in tem-
perance, and in all other enterprises for the good of
the people.

On the 30th of March, 1858, he was united in mar-
riage with Miss Lydia F. Lyon, of Woodstock, Con-
necticut, and they have five children. The eldest'
son is in the store, and the eldest daughter, Alice S.,
is being educated in Massachusetts ; the other three,
Mary Lyon, Anna Gertrude and Leonard Walker, are
young and still at home.

Rockford, like scores of other towns in Iowa, was
particularly fortunate in the character of its early
settlers, most of whom were not only public-spirited
and enterprising, but were men of noble principles,
whose impress is still seen and felt in the village.
Mr. Child is prominent among the Rockford men of
this class whose names appear in this book.



MAJOR CHARLES H. TOLL,



CLINTON.



CHARLES H. TOLL, son of Charles H. and
Sally Toll, was born on the 18th of April,
1817, in the town of Van Buren, Onondaga coun-
ty, New York. His father, a descendant of the old
Mohawk Germans of that state, was one of the most
thorough and energetic business men of that section.
He was in his time largely engaged in various enter-
prises, both of a public and private nature, besides
filling and faithfully discharging the responsible du-
ties of several public positions in the community in
which he resided. He was highly esteemed for his
business talent and integrity of character, and like-
wise for his public spirit and sterling worth. His
mother, a native of Franklin county, Connecticut,
was a most estimable lady, and a near relative of
Chancellor Walworth, of New York. Her tender
regard for her son, and her loving devotion to his



welfare, has left upon his mind throughout life an
indelible and lasting impression.

He was principally educated at the public schools
of his neighborhood, but subsequently, during one
year, pursued a more thorough course of study in
an institution under the supervision of Dr. Andrew
Yates. At the age of eighteen he left home and
soon after engaged himself as a clerk in a grocery
store in the city of Syracuse, New York. After a
brief term he retired from the above position, and
obtained a more desirable one in another establish-
ment in the same vicinity and continued with it one
year. Having obtained in this time some knowl-
edge of business as well as practical experience in
trade, in 1837 he entered into a business arrange-
ment with another party, and established himself in
the parental neighborhood in a mercantile capacity.



556



THE UNITED STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY.



After continuing in this business some three years
the partnership was mutually dissolved, he having
embarked in another enterprise in a neighboring lo-
cality. His business career during the following
eight years, although exhibiting great business tal-
ent and ability, as well as financial skill and compre-
hension, was characterized by various adverse expe-
riences, arising invariably from injudicious man-
agement of his associates in trade. In 1849 a gen-
tleman with whom he was intimately and largely
associated in business was killed on the cars. This
unfortunate circumstance involved him in much
financial difficulty, and pressed heavily on his busi-
ness operations during many subsequent years. At
the same time, other business disasters following in
rapid' succession, he decided to close up as satisfac-
torily as possible his tangled business complications
and seek a new field of enterprise in the w;est. He
arrived in Chicago in 1853, and after having spent a
few months as bookkeeper in a well-known firm in
that city, he decided to locate at Lyons, Iowa, where
he took up his residence in 1854, having previously
made a small investment in that vicinity. Soon
after his arrival he was employed by eastern capi-
talists to assist in superintending the building of a
railroad from the Mississippi river to Council Bluffs,
on the Missouri. In 1855 he was elected mayor of
the city of Lyons, and was forced from his position
to take an active interest in the various public en-
terprises in successful operation as well as those in
contemplation. The contending interests of the
two principal localities, Lyons and Clinton, neces-
sarily drew him before the public, and involved him,
during the local controversy regarding the railway
bridge, in a strife foreign both to his nature and in-
terests.

He resigned his office as mayor of Lyons and lo-
cated in Clinton, where his business required his
presence. At this time Clinton was not in exist-
ence. To a business man the locality, as a future
business point, possessed many advantages over Ly-
ons, but it must have required strong faith in one's
own discernment and judgment to induce a man to
invest his interests in so uninviting a locality. Dur-
ing his connection with the railroad company he was
elected assistant treasurer of the Iowa Land Com-
pany, and was appointed also superintendent of the
ferry boat owned by this company. In 1859 he was
elected sheriff of Clinton county, and served two
years.

In 1862 he was appointed United States commis-



sary for a division of the Union army, and immedi-
ately reported for duty at Cincinnati. In that ca-
pacity he served until the close of the war in i866.

His military career has been equally varied and
honorable. As a commissary he enjo)'S the reputa-
tion of being one of the most efficient of the entire
Union army. During his term of service he was
assigned to duty in various departments as commis-
sary, and in every position he increased the effi-
ciency of the department in which he was called to
serve. His remarkable ability as commissary was
duly appreciated and handsomely acknowledged by
his commanding officer. His military experience is
full of startling interests and adventure ; his duties
were extremely trying and very arduous, and his re-
sponsibilities great. After the surrender of Lee the
force was gradually reduced, and he was finally re-
lieved in January, 1866, when he returned home.

His life has been eventful, and marked by several
peculiar incidents, revealing in their detail the in-
herent traits of character and disposition that have
led him on in business and crowned all his under-
takings with success ; but the studied brevity of this
sketch will not allow of their introduction.

Although an active business man. Major Toll has
filled several civil positions of trust and responsibil-
ity. In 1845 and 1846 he was supervisor of the
town of Lysander, Onondaga county. New York ;
in 1854 a member of the legislature; in 1859 elect-
ed sheriff, and in 1862 appointed war commissary
in the Union army. He has been justice and super-
visor of Clinton during the past five years.

In 1846 he joined the Odd-Fellows, and continued
with that fraternity till he came west in 1856, and
has recently renewed his fellowship.

He is a highly intelligent and respected member
of the Baptist church, and contributes liberally to
its support, having joined the denomination in 1839.

He married, in 1840, Eliza H., daughter of Rich-
ard Lusk, of Lysander, New York.

In politics, he is a republican, a decided and in-
dependent thinker.

At the close of the war in 1866, he built in Clin-
ton, Iowa, one of the most elegant and superb busi-
ness blocks in that vicinity, at a cost of over fifty
thousand dollars. His public spirit, and his desire
to improve and extend the town, induced him to
make what subsequently proved to be unprofitable
investments in buildings and other enterprises both
public and private. He suffered severe losses by
fire at this period, and likewise by misplaced con-



THE UNITED STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY.



557



fidence in irresponsible and injudicious parties. In
1874 certain defalcations having been detected in
the postoffice department at Clinton, he being one
of the bondsmen, was appointed cashier for the time
being, and in 1875 was himself made postmaster in
place of the defaulter.

All his various and widely extended transactions
have been throughout characterized by fair and open
dealing, and an honest endeavor to do as he would