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the gulf

In January, 1864, he returned to Iowa and made
his final report of operations to the governor and
legislature, receiving their hearty approval. Resign-
ing his position, he returned home and resumed the



THE UNITED STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY.



581



practice of his profession, receiving a cordial and
liberal support which has continued to this day.

In 1852 he received the nomination for state sen-
ator, but declined, as it required too much sacrifice
of business and principle to accept. In 1843 he was
nominated for congress on the democratic ticket in
the district composed of Tuscarawas, Holmes, Co-
shocton and Knox counties, in Ohio, in which a
nomination was equivalent to an election ; but as he
was expected to support the introduction of slavery
into the territories of Kansas and Nebraska he de-
clined the honor.

In company with Mrs. Anna Witteimer he made,
while in Jackson, Tennessee, in 1862, a plan of the
Soldiers' Orphans' Home as a state institution, while
she suggested the idea of a private one instituted
and supported by her own liberality and patriotism.
The doctor is surgeon for the Soldiers' Orphans'
Home in Davenport ; also consulting surgeon and
director of the Mercy Hospital in Same city.

He is a member of the Masonic order, having
joined in Mansfield, Ohio, in 1842, and is a life
member of the Young Men's Christian Association.

He was raised in the democratic school of politics,
but left that party in public convention in 1861, as
he could not stay with a party that would not fight
for the preservation of their country.



In religion, he is a Protestant, and a member of
the Methodist Episcopal church since 1836.

He was married on the i6th of February, 1847, to
Miss Charlotte S. Hough, a lady of culture, and
daughter of William Hough, Esq., a merchant in
York, Pennsylvania, who died when she was but
four years old, leaving lier to the guardianship of
her uncle, CoJonel John Hough, a noted merchant
and manufacturer at York, Pennsylvania. Five sons
and four daughters are the fruits of their union.

Dr. Maxwell possesses a fine commanding pres-
ence; is six feet one and a half inches in height and
rather spare; has a large head, with high, broad fore-
head ; a Grecian face and nose, with blue eyes, mild
and intelligent in their expression, and hair and
beard a light auburn.

In every position which in his eventful life he has
filled. Dr. Maxwell has been successful in the high-
est degree, and has left an untarnished and unspot-
ted reputation. As a business man, he has been
upright, reliable and honorable ; as a physician, at-
tentive and obliging, ranking among the leaders in
his profession in the state. In all places and under
all circumstances he is loyal to Truth, Honor and
Right. Few mren have more devoted friends, or
merit more the confidence and esteem of their fel-
low-citizens.



LORENZO H. SALES, M.D.,



LEON.



LORENZO HARRISON SALES, a resident of
J Iowa since it became a state, is a descend-
ant of a Mohawk Dutch family, and was born in
Ontario county. New York, on the 28th of March,
1819. His parents were Hiram Sales, surveyor and
farmer, and Nancy Ann Thorington, his mother be-
mg a native of Rutland, Vermont. His maternal
great-grandfather was a Phillips, whose ancestry is
traced back directly to the Mayflower. He was in
the revolutionary army ; was taken prisoner, brought
as far west as Detroit, Michigan, by the Indians,
and kept there several years. At length he made
his escape, and after much hardship reached Ver-
mont.

When Lorenzo was three years old the family re-
moved to Cincinnati, Ohio. Young as the boy was,
he still recollects the trip down the Alleghany and
Ohio rivers on a raft. The scenes on the way were



a wonderful novelty to his young eyes, and time
fails to obliterate them. After spending one year
in Cincinnati his father removed to Troy, Miami
county, where he died in 1823, leaving his widow
with seven children. There Lorenzo received a
common-school education in a log school-house.

In 1834 the family removed to Defiance, where
Lorenzo prepared himself for the medical profes-
sion, and where he practiced until 1846; removing
to Iowa City, Iowa, a few months before it doffed
its territorial robes. After practicing in Iowa City
a little less than two years he removed to Wash-
ington county, continuing his profession in Wash-
ington and Richmond villages until 1856, when he
removed his family to Leon, Decatur county. While
at Richmond he received from President Pierce the
appointment of receiver of the United States land
office, at Chariton, Lucas county, and was in that



582



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position three years, when the office was moved to
Des Moines.

Since residing in Leon Dr. Sales has been in a
variety of occupations, — ^practicing medicine a lit-
tle ; keeping a hotel at sundry times, in all about
twelve years; selling drugs; editing a newspaper;
dealing in real estate, and acting as county officer,
being judge of Decatur county two years. The
judge is well known all over the county.

In 1862 he went into the 17th Iowa Infantry as
lieutenant, company A, and acting adjutant; served



six months and was discharged on account of dis-
ability.

In his political principles, the judge has been a
life-long democrat.

In August, 1845, he was joined in wedlock with
Miss Mary Ann Wartenbe, of Defiance, Ohio, and
they have three children. Nancy Ann, the eldest
child, is the wife of Lyman W. Forgrave, contract-
or and builder, of Leon ; Lewis Cass is a printer in
Leon, and Frank Knox is a brick mason and resides
in Crete, Nebraska. Both sons are unmarried.



HON. DAVID C. CLOUD,

MUSCATINE.



HON. DAVID COMER CLOUD, attorney and
counselor-at-law, one of the oldest and most
distinguished practitioners at the bar of Iowa, and
an author of considerable repute, was born in Cham-
paign, Ohio, on the 22d of January, i8i7,and is the
son of Robert Cloud and Anna nee Comer. The
Cloud family is of French origin, the great-grand-
father of our subject being of that'nationality. In
middle life he removed to England, where he died ;
his son Robert Cloud, the grandfather of our subject,
emigrated to America not very long after the revolu-
tion, and settled in Maryland, where he became a
Methodist minister ; from that state he removed to
Kentucky, and in company with Rev. Enoch Matt-
son h^ crossed the Ohio river into what was then
known as the Northwestern Territory, where he la-
bored for several years, and then returned to Ken-
tucky, where he died. He and Mr. Mattson were
the first Methodist preachers that ever visited and
preached the gospel north of the Ohio river. His
father in early life removed from Kentucky to Ohio
and settled in Champaign county, where for twenty
years he operated a small farm ; he then removed
to Franklin county, where he remained four years,
and subsequently took up his abode in Columbus,
where he died. The mother of our subject was of
German origin. Her father was a cattle dealer in
Ohio, and was accustomed to drive his herds over
the mountains to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. His
last trip was rhade in 1822, when he is known to
have sold a large drove of beef cattle in Philadel-
phia, received payment for them, and started on his
homeward journey. He never returned to Ohio,
and is supposed to have been murdered and robbed.



An uncle of our subject, his father's eldest brother.
Rev. Caleb W. Cloud, was also a noted Methodist
preacher in Kentucky. He was a prominent Mason,
and during the anti-Masonic crusade on the part
of the Methodist and other churches which grew
out of the murder of Morgan, who had revealed
the secrets of the order, he withdrew from the con-
nection, and built a conventicle, which he called
"Saint John's Chapel," in Lexington, Kentucky, in
which he preached during the remainder of his life.
At his death the congregation reunited with the old
church.

D. C. Cloud is the fourth child of a family of four-
teen children, three of whom died in infancy; the
eldest, Mrs. Rachel O'Hara, died in 1876, and ten
are still living, the youngest being forty years of age.
D. C. was raised on his father's farm, and had only the
privilege of the common education of a log school-
house during a brief period of the winter months,
up till the age of twelve; the only schooling which
he received subsequent to that age was six weeks
at an academy, where he intended to pursue a two-
years' course, but his father meeting with a reverse
in business, the long cherished scheme of the boy
had to be abandoned.

At the age of sixteen he was apprenticed to learn
the book-binder's trade, but after a six months' trial
he gave up this experiment, and was next appren-
ticed to the carpenter's trade, to which he served
the regular time, and it is said was one of the finest
mechanics at that time in the west. Shortly after
completing his apprenticeship, at the age of twenty-
two years, in" the year 1839, he removed to Musca-
tine county, Iowa, where he has since resided. He



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583



at once procured employment as a journeyman, and
worked steadily at his trade for several years, em-
ploying his spare time in reading such books as
fell into his hands. These were of what may be
termed a " solid " nature, arid evidently were instru-
mental in preparing his mind for the cultivation
which it afterward received. After he had been two
years in Muscatine, he conceived the idea of enter-
ing upon a course of study preparatory to the legal
profession, and accordingly all his energies were
directed to that result. He procured the necessary
books by working for their hire, which he read after
the close of his day's work. He pursued his studies
in this way for five years, when after a strict exam-
ination he was admitted to the bar in the year 1845,
and at once discontinued his trade, and engaged in
the active practice of his profession. He has since
been an arduous and incessant student,' not only
of the law, but of all subjects and matters pertain-
ing to politics, government and social economics, so
that he is now one of the best informed men of his
day, one of the most efficient criminal lawyers at
the western bar, and an author of national renown.
During the year 1851-2 he held the position of pros-
ecuting attorney for the county of Muscatine, and
was afterward elected the first attorney-general of
the State of Iowa, on the democratic ticket ; he held
this office for four years. After this he was elected
to the state legislature, in which he served during
the winter of 1856-7, being chairman of the com-
mittees of ways and means, and of railroads. Since
then he has devoted himself exclusively to his pro-
fession, and to the pursuit of literature. His fame
as a jurist became widely extended, and his practice
as a lawyer increased accordingly. He is now re-
garded as one of the best, if not the best, criminal
lawyer in the west. He is also recognized as the Nes-
tor of the bar of lown, having been practicing longer
than any attorney now in the state. He is the au-
thor of the law on the Iowa statute books which
makes railroad corporations liable for all deaths
caused or damage done by them in the prosecution
of their business, and he has during his career as
a lawyer tried over two hundred cases against rail-
roads and recovered more damages from railroad
corporations than perhaps any other lawyer in the
northwest, if not in the nation. In short, if Mr.
Cloud can be said to have any specialty in the prac-
tice it is in the prosecution of suits against railroads.
In politics, he was raised in the Jefferson school,
and continued a democrat till after the formation



of the republican party, with which he united, being
opposed to the spread of slavery and the Nebraska
policy of the democratic party. He was a member
of the convention that nominated Abraham Lincoln
for the Presidency, and during the war with slavery
was a staunch supporter of the government, and so
continued until 1872, when, with many other good
men of the party, he joined the reform movement,
and was a member of the convention which nom-
inated Horace Greeley for the Presidency. Since
the dissolution of the liberal republican party, as
it was called, he has acted with the democratic
party, and was nominated as one of the Tilden
(Presidential) electors in 1876. In a more compre-
hensive sense, however, he belongs to that class or
party that always want reform, being an anti-monop-
olist and an anti-protectionist, and favoring free
trade and hard money.

During the progress of the late war he wrote a
book entitled "The War Powers of the President,"
taking the strongest ground in favor of the adminis-
tration, and the measures adopted for the suppres-
sion of the rebellion. The volume, which was ex-
tensively circulated, demonstrated deep research and
a very high order of talents on the part of the au-
thor, and received universal approbation in the
northern states. In 1874 he published his great
work entitled '.' Monopolies and the People," which
had a circulation of over ten thousand copies. It
received the very highest commendation of the press
of the principal cities of the country, the New York
" Tribune " devoting two columns of its space to a
review and commendation of the work.

Mr. Cloud was in early life a member of the Meth-
odist church, but is not now in comnriunion with any
denomination; he is, .however, an unswerving be-
liever in the bible, and in the doctrines of the chris-
tian religion, and gives generously to religious and
benevolent objects.

In the year 1839 he was married to Miss Annetta
Dibble, of Columbus, Ohio, who died in 1846, leav-
ing two infant children, whose death occurred soon
after hers; and in 1848 he was married to Mrs. Mi-
randa H. Morrow, widow of the late Dr. James G.
Morrow, of Muscatine, and daughter of Wm. R. Olds,
Esq., of Bennington, Vermont, by whom he has two
children, a son and a daughter. The son, George
W., is preparing for the profession of his father. The
daughter, Annie, is still unmarried.

The remarkable career of Mr. Cloud from the car-
penter's bench to the position of one of the first



584



THE UNITED STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONART.



lawyers and publicists of the state, and his no less
brilliant advancement to the leadership of his party
in the chairmanship of the two most important com-
mittees of the house of representatives, were neither
the accident of fortune nor the reward of political
intrigue, but of a genius and character essentially
independent and progressive.

In his second candidacy for the attorney-general-
ship he challenged the fealty of his party by declar-
ing himself an anti-Nebraska democrat, and at the
expiration of his term asserted his political inde-
pendence by accepting a nomination from the anti-
slavery citizens of his county for the legislature.
Earnest and active in his loyalty during the rebel-
lion and a member of the republican party from its
organization till 1872, he was, on being convinced
of the necessity of the departure, the first in his
state to lead in the liberal movement of that year.
The call for the first liberal republican state con-
vention held in Iowa proceeded from his pen, and
was one of the most pungent arraignments of the
dominant party, as well as the ablest political paper
drawn out by the movement of that year. The in-
dependence and vigor which have characterized Mr.
Cloud's political life found an equally able and spir-
ited expression in his celebrated work above alluded
to, " Monopolies and the People," in which he has
exhaustively reviewed the whole subject of Ameri-
can monopolies, from an extortionate tariff, the gold
operations of Wall street, and the greed of railroads,
down to the lowest species of barnacle on Ameri-
can industry to be found in the abuses of the patent
office. This volume, replete with statistical infor-
mation and curious items of history, which are wo-



ven with a lawyer's tact into the argument of the
work, prepared in the spare hours of a large and
exacting law practice, affords an important clue to
the secret of the life-work and success of Mr. Cloud.
He has never been idle, but, like Horace Greeley,
he has waited more than twenty years for the time
when he could go " a fishing," but has not yet found
it. And still we should fall far short of the full
measure of Mr. Cloud's character were we to ignore
the passionate energy which he throws into every
aim and purpose of his will. He knows no such
words as discouragement or failure. He fights his
battles through to a successful issue. His most sig-
nal triumphs as a counselor and advocate have been
won on fields where the varying chances of the day
were with his opponent. Though now over sixty
years of age, he still finds his greatest pleasure in
the hotly contested arena of his profession, and he
is never happier than on the eve of a controversy
which is to put his mettle to the severest test.

As a citizen and friend, he is eminently social in
his disposition, and dispenses a generous hospitality
at his beautiful home overlooking Muscatine and
the Mississippi river ; and he will discuss with his
friends or visitors any subject from belles-lettres to
the Turco-Russian war, or President Hayes' new
departure. But a glance through his private library
betrays his favorite fireside studies, in the well
thumbed volumes of the Holy Bible, Shakespeare,
Milton and Scott. These have been his class books
all his life, and perhaps he owes as much to his con-
stant draught upbn these inexhaustible fountains of
wisdom and beauty as to his mental gifts, natural in-
dustry, or discipline derived from his profession.



GEORGE B. CHRISTY, M. D.,



DUNLAP.



GEORGE BROWER CHRISTY, a noted array
surgeon in the late rebellion, is a native of
Prince Edward county, Canada, and was born on
the 30th of January, 1830, his parents being Henry
and Maria Brower Christy. They belonged to the
agricultural class. The Christys were from Dutch-
ess county. New York.

George B. lived in Canada until twenty-five years
of age, farming and merchandising in youth, with
ordinary common-school privileges. When arrived
at his majority he read medicine with Dr. Peter H.



Clark, in Victoria county, having previously studied
medicine to a considerable extent in private. He
attended lectures first in the medical department
of Yale College, New Haven, Connecticut, then at
Cleveland, Ohio, where he graduated in February,
1859, and practiced at Franklin Grove, Lee county,
Illinois, until the civil war commenced.

In August, i86i. Dr. Christy went into the army
as first assistant surgeon of the 32d Illinois Infantry,
Colonel J. Logan, commander; and on the i6th of
March, 1863, he was promoted to surgeon of the



THE UNITED STATES BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY.



585



9th Illinois Cavalry. While with the 32d Infantry
he was on General Grant's staff, at Fort Donelson ;
immediately after that battle he was appointed post
surgeon at Fort Henry; was at the battle of Shiloh,
the siege of Corinth, the battle of Hatchie, and was
post surgeon when General Sherman's array was en-
camped at La Grange. While with the 9th Cavalry
Dr. Christy was for some time surgeon-in-chief of
cavalry, with headquarters at Memphis, Tennessee.
He joined General Thomas just before the battle
of Nashville ; acted as medical director of Wilson's
cavalry in the winter of 1864-5, 3-"<i ^^^ mustered
out at Selma, Alabama, in November, 1865. On dif-
ferent occasions he was staff surgeon for Generals
Hatch, Grierson and Coon ; and in a letter which
we have before us the last named officer speaks of
the doctor's faithfulness and efficiency in very strong



terms. Colonel Albert G. Brackett, of the United
States army, in a letter which we have seen, speaks
in a similar tone of commendation of surgeon Christy
for his skill and his care of the sick.

At the close of the war he practiced four years
in Chicago, and after traveling a year or two at the
south, for his health, he settled in Dunlap, Harrison
county, Iowa, where he has been practicing for the
last six or seven years with excellent success. His
reputation is very high, particularly in surgery, in
which he has had much experience.

In politics, Dr. Christy was originally a Douglass
democrat, and still, it is understood, votes with the
democracy. He is a Royal Arch Mason.

In January, 1853, he was united with Miss Diana
Bowerman, of Prince Edwards county, Canada, and
they have five children.



HENRY TEMPLE,



ATLANTIC.



ONE of the settlers in Iowa in its infancy as a
state, and a man of much prominence in Cass
county, is Henry Temple, who has held a variety of
offices, and was faithful in the discharge of his du-
ties in all of them. He is a native of Franklin
county, Massachusetts; was the son of Benjamin
and Rebena Christie Temple, and was born in the
town of Heath, near the Vermont line, on the 20th
of August, 1816. His grandsires on both sides of
the family came over in General Burgoyne's array ;
were taken prisoners and never returned to England.
Both died in Heath. Benjamin Temple was in the
second war with Great Britain, and was stationed at
Boston harbor.

Henry, thrown on his own resources, went to Hat-
field, Hampshire county, when twelve years old, and
engaged in farming until nineteen, when in 1835,
with five dollars in his pocket, he reached Marietta,
Ohio, and attended the academic department of the
college there most of the time for four years, teach-
ing two winters in the interim and doing some farm
labor, thus, furnishing himself with the means for
schooling.

In the spring of 1840 Mr. Temple immigrated to
southern Iowa, settling at first at Fairfield, Jefferson
county, where he read law with Judge Cyrus Olney,
and was admitted to the bar in 1842. The follow-
ing year he removed to Mahaska county, and after



working on a farm one season opened a law office
in Oskaloosa, the county seat, and was in practice
there until the autumn of 1858, when he removed
to Lewis, at that tirae the seat of justice of Cass coun-
ty. There he remained until 1869, when he settled
in Atlantic, the present county seat, still continuing
his practice and standing well, especially as a court
lawyer, and very high as a citizen.

While in Mahaska county Mr. Temple was treas-
urer during one term, and justice of the peace ten or
eleven years. At Lewis he was postmaster for four
years, also, while living there, county judge one term ;
deputy provost-marshal for Cass and Adair counties
during the civil war, and county recorder from 1864
to 1870. A truer man has never held an official
position in the county. He has always had the un-
limited confidence of the people.

Judge Temple was a whig until the party disband-
ed. He aided in state convention to form the re-
publican party, to which he firmly adheres. He has
been one of its leaders in Cass county for years, and
still occasionally takes the stump.

Judge Temple has been a member of the Congre-
gational church for thirty-five years, and lives con-
sistently with his christian profession.

He is a blue lodge member of the Masonic frater-
nity.

On the i8th of January, 1846, he was joined in



586



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the bonds of matrimony with Miss Anne E. Wright,
of Oskaloosa, and they have had ten children, nine
yet living. Mary R. is the wife of Romie Lawrence,
of Atlantic, and Jennie is the wife of William Calvey,
of Exira, Audubon county. The other children are
unmarried.



Judge Temple has seen Cass county grow up from
one thousand eight hundred inhabitants to twelve
thousand or fourteen thousand, and is one of the
public-spirited men who have aided in making it
what it is, one of the leading counties in agricultural
wealth and enterprise in this part of the state.



HON. JOHN Q. TUFTS,

WILTON.



JOHN QUINCY TUFTS, farmer and ex-mem-
J ber of congress, was born at Aurora, Indiana,
on the 1 2th of July, 1840, and is the son of Servitus
Tufts and Emily ne'e Dudley. His father was born
at Wilton, Maine; came to Ohio in 1830, and was
for a number of years a professor in the high school
at Aurora, Indiana ; and during the administration
of President Fillmore held a lucrative clerkship in
the postofifice department.

He subsequently removed to Muscatine county,
Iowa, where he entered largely into business and
became wealthy. During these years he had in-